Skip to main content

Full text of ""Papers" Southern Historical Society Papers vol.05"

See other formats


ijKn j, v ;^ 




'T^t^y M^t^y ^^OW^fcr"**^ 



^ 



C—^l^^i-j 



J* <fo 



/*^t*^Tiy 



Soiitbii Historical Sorirly Papers. 



VOLUME V. 



JANUARY TO JUNE. 



RICHMOND, VA.: 
Rev, J. WM\ JONES, D> D. 

■Ill UiKEiV ^i i " VH KJi V ]ll-l]>i|lLi-ll. -■:■■ U.fl 

19TB. 



CONTENTS. 




I lllll IJ»1 Ol Mft l Lf*«*?hm 

IMcl> «f *u <#*4>.r*b4*f f rrtra 



L+lwrrn«nM^..r ^i»*|k-rl.*l ih* hm^Ua E^flB*^!-....,. ,., to 

I*uar fmm«'n»rJ E- P. Ali^indfr v ■ ■*! 

QvmhU Imnpiip.L'* FuH umuin af ib» CMtpUfB Hhf l wl n,^ M „, — ,„ ... ** 

Npripral l-ftnp'* ' 'flVlil Jtl jil fl t., ii-riiiminnnmiilBMiiniiw i fl 

n^n*i-J n. Tji:rk'r'*r..nem*Hti u ._. ..... r n— mmm n mi m . 131 

□*D4ri3 Fin. \Mft M*yI*w 'it riffIT"* D»jj ud lUfff l» L»u|ilr*«t ....^- «* 

0»n*ril F*B4lrlia'- H'p"f* ......... , nI .„ u _ u , u . < _ u , ,__. „_, -^ _»•*« L** 

Ei*m*rl«I»mf1h«f h«tt *rnilfl». bj Conn* 4* hrip..m^„, ^. ■ . *i 

nWJ.iiy*! *ji'p-p 3> fijlnr nn !<uiarfrlrsl &!nan|^h ... . fM 

CMnml "tijl-w'i ft>piy F- Lh* LmuJL nt Bvb MJ 

flnrnl Lilfi<MH'»l«M4 ?*p*t ^— uu _ u ___.^___^_ n W 

■mini |ElFf| lliMM |f^U l<^U^. _ — St- 

>» T> m *km ■ jt««kiJ** «i t-j< w*. brh^a't imji 1 1 _ in 



IIH I *4 DttMl 1 T IMWI ■ 1 

Ki; rn *f **— ^^*^^^^ M 

f.ri-,, >4 rtwHi>i Pjl^i*: 

M«J« *nll HppTi K-T^ I- 0~™l J. H. WJIra .u^.— . _.. n 

l*iL»r |p.nn HV.hinpl Wllllwj Pr*»l«i Jojimlon ... lis 

Lf^Lgf front** (JutfJ-IiiiP l.uMiMk i i i inn, m mil ii m 

LttlrtlYsm H«*-*hflfn* nwrl-.....——...^^...,-...^. ..—^^. _™.., 1*1 

LiilftrremlkkinJ " " «*<-]"■— — ., „„, an m ,, HT 

F^qHHr ErAffl 4,t*n4pnuiL <lHiwraJ £ D. L«v p — .^.....u. — ]>' 

[jhlvrlrnm (l*n.**il H L.OIbMB . , l^i 

MrU Hjppnrl *4 '1'nwtmi I'VipU >^_ 131 



i^ ^ i im i-L Bm . in 



ttaamJ It T"jl**'" Km*- ■** <h» Vilhf W TbxtaiL. 



Jtppwl <* i h* L*» ttn 'ra w i t fcMMhtliM, . 111 

On. anunfiri *n rwF«4»*"rr|n» I*, ik* H-rhw »n>l *■!•» t*fr*™ 1.1 <uln«u in 

TfHllHl &■■!■" PlapJrlg Mr. ■**«• „,„,_ HI 

QrwL v ■ itnldhr m-i nu.ili.n, ty G«a*E^] IW.n#y II. Miut? ™_..... . — Hit 

fitmnrf ■ Huflh- C*U l«* BuiPijr ai ib* Bank at lhr Cn«rr _.„.. ^„„. u HT 

Jqil|i> L-n iken. Hn^rnili^- LiCIf E ftom In. F. ft. Kubrri ,. -.....,,,, Ht 

ThAFlin MirjlMnl r^T^rj.Ct, i,^H«i, Horn?* K.I»Ib- ][***"( MJ 

Th«- CniifoUriH'p ^ ^r»niiinl d« ;uri mm -r^l pi ArJmftQ— tjplqln* ** /n.j«« TunPT^. 1** 

EillinpMI hiPHTiprm... „™™ — ^„ „ ^... •», It*. Bti, H 

PhM4 JTmIIH** -nr— > ' 1 «■ *! ' ' M ' ... f M»ninn — j K, ZBt 



SOUTHERN HISTORICAL SOCIETY PAPERS. 

T#l. V. Richmond, Ya*, Jaii^Feb., 1877, No. 1-S. 



Plftl Anniit JfettlnR of (he Stmtbrni Hlutortrja SotMjs Oetotwr Slst., 

1877. 

Tli* following &pt>hdid oration tr&^t^ m^nly af pitt Mlvm baa- 
lory; bat Id is is a period of jjfrcat importance as exhibiting the 
/rwfe Of tb<i doctrirtng of Ilia Federal WlLr-finny. Too (ILsELn- 
go Isbed orator haft£]Ycn a picture of tlio violation of ihv [jchw of 
'$5, unct tUo war upon th<i Confutation mfi4t &y Ike, Radical party, 
which should bo widely read, and moat caiofutty pt^9erv^d ua 
material 7 for the future historian, 

A>iJrfns of Otifral Joton T. Hergan, X\ S L Senator From JMflhaina. 

Too cfi^Tl* of theSwtliern Historical Swietj? hn*e boen. mtui appro- 
priately directed Ed til.' odltectlen of ficlj relating la (bo period, of actual 
and ojw-n war frazn l&fij [a IftfiJ. 

TJi hc- fi<-L>3 is yet but sli^lnly glie&ited, and li :p inda»pemable ths.1 tJMg 
gcrt-niLEcm dI~ HcuEhcTn men vhould gnthpr all ili hh! 1 rutin and, pntoftrrO 
\btn\ until a kt*r period, wben, En *-clomfl*M ^tmoilpbor*, lb* pntEcnt 
*nd it1k|inttial pbiloftjfdur -l:;ill Irtdtde 10 pUu:S Facts an J deductions 3;do 
bj jid*-, mill cln justice- to LFw pi:aplc oF Ebc Cc,rif«irr.*iy r 

Id the future our niitoatwl rwtvTds will probably abound wdtb mc- 
OMS and prOaiwrit}', whicll (lmwotld l&ktif: for EIihj Wniurt af hifl-h ^iirIs- 
Lia and pr-.it dMi-irving.*, and wt; j-]tn!E net thrn nwd t7ut a.Pl}' should 
Tlnditf*te Ub 

It ii HHir duly, *tjd, to oanaiuer V«]l thfl turning point in Our dmitiny 
wbicb we !|i', r H: jnct [unit, ia (hut (bf future — IhjU laavr in dawning at$ jus.. 
ntfllouilf — trmH not become darker tti^n (be pa«t. through a mistake nf 
Ihr fact* or |iTLnci]d?-* on '-tIiicIl Our hopca are T«(c-d. Tito prwe-ni it, 
pertiftpf, the miM( important pniivl *>f flur bEntofy. I hftYe Mletl-ed Llic 
events ii'Jiv otLU-rii^ i* the truest lnte*|Jlfi:SCr» of [Jiti poat, u Eluif Jf:<.m 
to Agrrvinb »lia [he ranwt CfrUin indicaEJon* flf tlnj future of our OOUnETy. 



2 Sawthmi Histork&l Sodi-ty Papers. 

The causes that hav* m*d* jj nGecfcMT? to Ofrrrtpilo a. Kpparate biiloiy 
of t](*Sntit||*rn S-1*l*9 llhcL tlicar origin Ln di \fcic-ncf*. of opinion renflhipa 
Wk lo L7-S7. Th«K diffcrr- ne« nx-v* lobars oti<l*d in lB77 r They wwr* 
nl^jyi politic*]— m!min|jr to tOltstrUtlLOni of I he Conititqtion us applied. 
(O ^1 i (Fh rt*n 1 tr.ij;Lmrft 1hut ItiiYrlx'pn proposed, Tri-py never rn-.-i 1 li-I IV. .ml 
ml ural' crmrt-.v, mic]l ru fil^-o ii'0 H> Old- qimrrvb of diffibmU nations dp 
rare* of m(Ti, txfiijpt SO ftr « they totaled 60 African ptATnry, Tru-j- onEy 
b<taHW wdiwial Y»h*n lIic m^nurrx winch, *xcl«)d tho diBCLUkslgm hap- 
po-lifd CO nift-et j particulnr J^inr) of the *^Unir^. In ]g]2 to Ofl-i Kime- 
of tluj^late* of the ^OTth etron^ly fhrtfaleiicd l^i^wlt ffoitl Hit Union, 
wlticd Lb*n inlpEitHl a desire to return Lp (lLfjc fi^riii'T aLN'^i.irnxi h>i|].j 
Eritiili Crown, Tit I93Q to ](&Z therfl Wna nnaniL^xt^t r.h almost fntn] 

purpoto in. nom* or ifto Slale* to uteri the, ibjjlui, to remain in tlifl Union 
and H <d hi definnoih nini of the- Ian* which, tlWHUgh constitutional in lcrm d 
men Mr%nd to tw EoeattyopppMaive. 

In IMI, tlie tiuwtian of a]n.veTy ritrnwVi] the Occasion or provflftH-innti 
under which tills rutctont nuarret e dltfllonCed in open war. While Ilia 
question thus prwon te*I invoked bf£aL ^litics! i«*n<M, !t*]» included 
ttlG ijuragfifflii* ckntont of THAI jni[rvgoninti and not tufjreirjriGy, 4f|--I 
invoked the fLctuniulufccJ w«i]tli or tire wn-tUTlfls inva*led by th& Soisib 
in dsvo properly. It Ei scircflly OOtieekaVIo ItirU any fpju. Hirrc*iniiflnfr 
COllI J lnvft «lTord«I A peaceful mint ion of mat ft, fljtcarifrn. HJqLlI (.Tfc* 
itrifa of contention over Lhu pot**™ add Jpriruaiploj of our Foi^r-il r}t>F-> 
emtldfrt conn^flfd JUeir wKh lbij*lu«<jlion and thnul^nod *||0 ^SirimL' 
llAliOh of plav-tfrtfi llicrfrlurl bct-n ria oacin.i(iq of SufTiijii.'iit mtj^riic niJij ;o 
d*mind ils soJutton witlt wj^ r TJlftt *|U*»lloift nu Idch.1 *rd WCllonuL it 
hod halil i?F <»v(Ty WhtllBtnt and Lnlerrat und pr*y ItJL-f*,. and invoLv^4 
IVMS jjwmnlof PovilLuf JUiVrrnMiof afiinion ** l& the conMlnjetwm o| 
Ihe CtmHiLulion Eltnt «JuLd cxeit^, (trenso, Am] mnka dunncrntrt iht otai. 
Mindiivjj psftioA. 

Tho absolut* ri^litcf bomn- lulu m to»l(iV(JTy r in ilidftmrnjhip puJ ^OM- 
trol, wn* nlkpi.] by flno pflrty. Tli* Dtiini jKirly — the AbodiliOnLais— 
rteniH thi* ri(bt k claiming ilia! a ]mf iii^hi'l- tliniL [Kc Canirirutipra «in< 
JcitiTiL'd slnv^ri- anil f-vriry Lbiri j (ll*l j|iJi«Eil it. 

In 11m 4ij;cLt™icnt of thti tfriHrov^rsy, jsrirf t>rcni« of (Lo poiiticftl 
pftW*r tJ»L4 [Wiri^ t'tftbodifri. Dt]n-r+ n?]|o ^cuii-ij ibo paliLichl ppopOwtions 
onwlLicli the Abolition paTly was tamid folJosreJ it* kfiil, btJJ*iin|f tliqt 
it w« t*l*f to YJolhlo LiJi-u Ct-itslitLituvri th.»n to los* powtr^ *nJ bopiriA 
Llikblba txpurFation flf *lnr?ry i>onn (ln> country wnuiii fl*lsJoro Ibfir 
d*li[HHI«lCy. Tli*y folhwwl Lb« Lend of tl\Q At>olitioniiLj 1 Jrnying VH-H 
llirir purpoir- to aboJuh ifovcry ISHtil ftfltr iL iru stwtroy^J,. a,nd liuin. 
lbifv inowc-ii It. 

Tlieif deiiiaLi frcie iDcrwly prfl(M(3 a|(*anst blio dodrirt«*f tllO "bigbor 
]ftw " p*fty. ThftJ rfially dasirfld th*t ilowrj ehsuld Lve c«tirjnt*t| p bui 



Addre&s of General Jahn T. Morgan* 8 

couM not Admit that the- Fede-nd power yeftched the Missel ATcn in 
$tntci that were Ln lebctLinn. a* Ehey kit' fit to dnl^nnle tbei Southern 
Slalv*! -Still t3i OF ht^t in lino with tkr dominant and ajjjreMLYH riowrir, 
an J can taut aI ?hcm*ekYci with gsntta pt^eib f^liiil (he destruction of 

tho K-taleJ-- Tba eld qnettlcn, which in fact led L-o tlic war— tliDejEHlion 
of the fight of lorol «olf-,gO*C5rniiH:nt ill (ho fi1i*^Fj which w*i the sut, 
cEanliid pelaEidnl laMlb bclif&Cti thft Ab*li(ienir.t* And Uln Brutal flf tlir- 
&nith — wan for n tiran ntLcnrajl in the trinjK-jt of vr.ir. It jlo-pt lLnii] 
!lft»?T]F w« do*troy*Jl r and then areaa fl^nin, whoi it vu attempted <0 
destroy tile StJIJe*, 

Theuiuijulx of men. engnged In lha dcnlTuctbon of uLiwry, a nil, having 
th*t far IIid purpose- of every blow (liny ■truck, were aj£i*tcil by tarn of 
IhoitEancH vrho fought to *p^o tho Union of th-n 3m**, lewing the que* 
tldn of the right* and |JOWem of the Sl*Ee And Federal Eorenimflnt"] 
which IftL thti South to ir-cwicin, undecided hy thst r Mil It* of th-Q «ht- l 
All ihcxp. arc firo now ax I hey weia hrfcro the war to juu^ri or M> ddfjy 
that the Statea have ttLU the right of IqoaI Hlf-j^wrnmcut-, Mid some, of 
them Jt'njr lt F while dEhAra Admit I he tiigbl. It mav he uFcly «iiJ, Ln 
]&""-, ihni th ig -nurhtlan will never Ji^.tin re.iuli in wax. It hiu hoooilio 
H»po#*Sel& to excite- the donmiy to wrtT upon iecllonil divinlone, t*e*U*G 
c]i rri" remain no n ii«itidni of nnlcri.it mlerajt upon which they can 
Jivid-c by line* of IM Itude or Lcw.guud*, Ml rational, eonlronr^nk^ being 
nnmnl fram the dnnmn of ditcillridn, whatfrveraBT«lA 'J in." Slate Ln hko 
manner alTecl* A-ll the State*, [f one U wo*indrti in it* rights Jill luffsT 
oLikd, if not equally. The turning point in (3m destiny of CIihH S&1IE11 that 
ham been readied in 1&7T ii the fui;tl Jirnetic^l re*tOm(ioii (.1 rke Stntes *f 
tho I'i^EiL <>f loonl MiEf^m'eTmnent, U Trni frw IIiit thnt tha paophi af the 
South fought In ISfiLi for ibU (]Ley ?uff(fre<l ton y^nr*ef tenihle [wtw- 
eu^ion. fnnri I3&7 EO ]fi": nml It !a IfiLh (lib fight lltnlljf Mtured lllat 
th-cr Jiro oonf^nt, 

Thli is Lti-Li oud *f • period of ttii3( **vi mSering in which we h*re 
hefln qipaaed 16 thd Jmic^'r of the dial MibyerjiOn df cur Utnta £DtmrD' 
menu, oii.il with thc-m to th« Ifuu of nil lubniontLiE ^nuniitJM of our per- 
Eonn] lijihti ftiid lihfMiej. 

I l !, rin- r.« ginning of an em of pence^, whEeh U Irk' retult nf the fitiluro 
of d iwrnici0fi.il -efEwt to wtboruinate thp States to tho oqhjIuio "ill or 
Con^resi. 

The political foron that linvu » bng aeteil with rc^eeiive pOiflfcrupOn 
(lie :-i;:i,ri:'i ii.:-.- n;- ■:■ :i » i- ■. L , aiuL tli-.'-y ri*d nen.in with mlerAlivo and e^ntriOR- 
4aLOf y OIICTgy to thei? former dignity nrni Influrnof.. 

In this }'«r t4wMie tnptitmiond of go'orn meut whrch wo baw beeti » 

riTou.il Eo call Amcrlean Dtadted thtiir lo>veiL ileprtralu-a In thft rOSpect df 
EIlAlvk imi ; *nd with quick and ufo reaction Ihoy hare nejjnincd thaiT lojt 



4 SfHiibm Hai&rieai Socirty /Vjwt*l 

(round Mil bur* brtninr a patEvm far tba DUiMi of lha earth. Our 
p«o|i]> dI m\\ wrtiMyi nd all pulici hare rimwn that ti#j in lullj apt- 
M* *f <fl#tdpiig -it* wndoiB tad pradmu taa tmI pa mf i *bieb fetkl* 
Id tbtm ambrr mmw Ire* 1711*91 of jfortminf-cit, ta Lint lb* Wal ttolefkl 
■hDm* vf i-'pular tieitanitiiL flLfell do 1. d*nitKijf jl, « 4*frat tb* ultiMiato 
pow*# #f Ihw law. 

Whifn fnrtjF million* af people, with ten. mjllwit' of Mlrr» P mis* la«m- 
•bItih, nlhiVK lb* aLmfttpb*p* *f hw ihtl ti;|[wr rummimlicn «ii|^niijjir«4 
by a 4»rnM* dvll **nc. nn<L foricLEinjr purlj tifn null tiftjudlc**, inid 
OTOrUHdchij Lhiltlla and inju-riM which jitc^t th*,lr k*+nfeil ■ eniibilLtinfir 
di'clur*! fiir ihn {;<iniM4uXian *? th* i.ni'iididi|i< n,)r* i.r KBVumenpnt in ill 
publln ndnilnhlraEircn anil a* tlir* Hfii.riE.y of ifVuir.V priv-at* TL(rli(, tlii> wnpLrf 
tail]; ■jrnht Hinftilfnlk lieliev* th« »ll »ei]iiichl«invi L nina am cuptbta of 
•alf.roYrmrwiit. 

Until itt? ll w«* MipjK*^] tbat it ni ittipoMibtr «!»[ ibtr* tottM t* 
■Tfllnd Ibroajh our political fTFlem a. Bvaalaf W BHfr- dipwLnni rril 
tfc*a **r frtal dfril war. B«l lib npiiuoEi bu k**n d.trrorrd bj rubr*- 
*tM*l rtrnlt. 

ffkm ia*l m ff+wd f»ilh »hd otfrcftdfoc* bvtwon lh» m] b#llipr- 
*n[» ■ » innf ILittdT p**iorfd T « Laat lb* tiHJw if tb# Confederacy 
w«n di*h*nd#d mt th* 6*UI «f bitil* *-nd Hinhaffli I Fram wwwrf mCnint 
thai did tint «|*plj to *¥ery cilii*n of (h* lluitaii HUIm, Put *1tS right, 
whk-h Uid f:«ti Ihr juhjrct af cotiEtotoiit 1m for* and ilnriiir, tfjft wit, 
wu Jrtlrajujd — tbfl rl(ht of pro]H>rty In i.\mv<*. TIlU 1*iii flat dwtrejiml 
by atilltnl ip™itloti E h Irut Vt*a ]t(l :o * todl innlvralandiiijf, irhieh was 
artf-rwHTilii confTiiiird b/ IIid fn-nnRl cnriwirt nf llta ftflnthflin Slat«V and 
pwii'i^^odiijt m • Ct» p*J>ple f under tit* brtm of law and tbnayab 
»l*itrtn [»n»tLlutHynil onJinin-cci, In thii action wiTniiil of ihif SEaEafl 
«™ antU;lpil«l tli-o prapoiJlJQni dF C«n(r»H t* add. Llm tbiK*enib 
U»Bdn#4lL to th* C4n*tU«tisn of lb* Untied f+l*l«, Tbii ii ill tbaCwo 
jUIJtd. Of r*uhw tbr OnrrrumrnE af Itf CeBfrd*r«l« Ktitt* p«* Lutfd 
in thf war, bat Iba jprnrmsf-DtE of tha KuIm ibM hMujitimhI lb* t"*B- 
faaknlHH iraaiBHl u if tfa# wu hid B*T*r b**B Waftd, ■> to ttm rigbbt 

It aaa not LhrQftgb tb* B<^K4CiinElf af lb* Pcdnal flmfnuuiil toat 
tbej^ifulhffn JEahv *^rr mhrel to tbm rtfbu uiil jjriw*r*. Tbi* b i 

oammfin hit nut n inlakflii Ti#v of tb4 RMEWF, Th> L'ni trd SEat« Got- 
trn.P?*nt h« alwaj 1 hritl |b#t »( null tinilhtr rorl>it nor Jibuidon th« 
rlfbt»ani| dubkp «f lit* ±jin.t«— .(Jim outp Ii m> imf>*Hibtbl« union of 
indmETurLlbiv UlaEri, ll visa the Mlly n-VOWnd liHfpea* of thn war Ip 
r*dtofa tlm Mie«llnB B-Utt^a to th« Union. Tldi c»Mld not bo don« hjr 
doaEr^yino; thdlr tulen«ni7 ai Stat^ of th* irnlon — Sut*f like tli o cEhen, 
and with #^vj|| jKOtnuul bririlcpa, Tbaro nn banownnuenfrd Stalta 



Address af General John T. Morgan. 5 

la lb* Annkui Usion, Wbsn oHtqunW (bry bc»tiw ptvrltw*. It 
w* tttd ttmt Inek by cam|.al««i u raviurrrd State*, *b» (Juref) of 
BUM routd b*4 ti**« b*+" «*io«-A. ll w*» h r#>ul( of lb* w*r. ** bLcut' 
lag on lb* IVH*t*L G*«*T8H**t u dd th* mcdinf 5ttf*>» tful -Jmj lb*T 
r*t*rn*J Id th* L'umkd U11J tbtttW MOMi Mch ** lb* hb» f-wtlron l^cp 
b*d *JHB*p-t#d la nwi^n. 

Wh«n ihi* rr^wlt w« fccbbBTed, in. I «!-. l'i... n *m ir-m*Vli*h*d by 
Wpu,. *nrt p«* found 14 be p*rC*et in eT^ry Mpral.u il hid. be+n before (b*. 
ui, i* H h> nil i Wi(r mining iD? ite»cmy*i|, i*r i III p*in?d Lq iL*. right*,* 
|MAl pl*ilj;p wru mniiitained, a jjnral *lc[rjrj hail ln-rn gmpird. A rrat*- 
rnllali li*i| twi-Ti ntTOInplilhed which uoiiMd lh* Lrlumpli*inl prtli JiiftMU 
of I ham who believed [lint lbf>v bid **y*d <h* Union, imii l*ft a lighter 
liUriJMi <si n'grol upon tho br*Vliof lb* Vnn|ULi]inJ, Tb*&t*1« »Tin>farlli 
from Ult hJd*4Q* P'lgbl <*T civil war, u the h li.ru mppnir iilW llm BLQrmi 
blv* iirppL I h* hnreiiPL 

Tb* »JttiiLrmlkin. *f the *hyj]JKd nMiafl* af |W w^rld w« sidled Mi tb* 
dff r** *l Ibr Lnhere&t pMNT ltd thd-pitfTn-litiliy af mr foe* 
OtH H I ia wt. Whan il wu mil wilta lb* l E t l l li i m of 
■Mil; half at tl* mire l*tri»(7, »lF*ift*d I* lb* Ult+rmU i» mij pw- 
•ibfe t*-W«*t nitii ddt* dead and »wind*d f*(Unv (ten lb* tub of it* 
I— In Lbm lb* *Rttr* imsnb** of ill UTDtd for*. III* rannirchir-d pflf" 
racaltad * j*«iing ptTtpbecj- *f i bu.ndf*d J*pW* «f*b But when p«M3* 
WM iMlorni. md tbey iiw it rranjuilnijr. llm nice mvd iMm-M* 1 rr-Ealion* 
b*l*ro*n H|*|*j rind p*opEr h W IIibE mil ■ tin* M btrm^lj w icn|inf«EL4D 
WM dJittfnIU*, net *«*"■ «"* «™ «» tho ln*ly jwlilic, Lli*)f frEt tha.1 
llielr- |ilN>priMJ liftd ^«i* gujnit hmirdi tJwi in I]!m>hi nl" o\iit rnM r "t* 
Imvo rr>r hi mniij cnlHutdra nH|nn-iJ Ei'i (Ink \.\i-mnn* "T IITwrLj- r^jjulatftd 
by »JI*1.lLulloil»l ll"T, And wlmn tln-jr mw il >l IhhI riHlig grrO^d]!' froiil 
lb* ilrnfKlr, flrenplln-Ii-fd bjf it. tfu,U »b4 «miaL|w| »rni puritiu.l Ei>" im 
•flbrlk |i» jiFM*rra Lti OTpazkinn ih tlm HUI ^Mttfthd |ir*|iojti(jiii in TJhi^b 
Mir ftthvfp hlH (i"*B il la Uu peopJr, tlmjr PtwlLiml * Inch lh»t w±» not 
Uw dwljr wtmbliihcd cri»ti ibr«uj;i| lb* harpon <sf civil «u B Lint «a*& 
lul«**l Ubffljr b*#*d an the Hnmfily ol tlm |>m]>4^, i» • Una^ef and 
■dot* ndnnn« r*r«^f tli^B *bt rnjal dfouly. o» any lon*«f a«nU- 
m< (t"T»ttil»rnl, 

TJ»h* vbo Fin raaqpiAtd h*d *i«4)fi b*Si*»#d lb«l tka Eorm *f jt*" 
trpn*al ■•* lb* biL TV'bcn Ibrj- Hfwnlwl irom th« MbrF S?*i«* thej 
■duplcd tb« C»DtlilO«[90 o' th* r.iiu-J flbH**, without mj envDtud 
change- of it* fonn or pTtncipIn, H* (h*ir pUii vf fjibtfrnniFPli 

AHNi'iiIrt^ i'"* 1 * •l*i r l *w>f*d*J t"Mnn Ibfl L'nLan llipy prm , 4>d l . by Lhri r iJiJfi- 
tbui df till* form if jcivmrnnse-ral, lb*E lli?irH|iinTri?l Imd not b«cli wilJl lb* 
CanillluElait t>Y ili« fuMB of our OffV*PJ»mnutr but nLLli * »yH!rm of mn. 
■iruoLLihiLi wliich ihey bclLcTod worn Dubvotnifo or the til, HoULtrt* had 



Svitlkcria ffishri&il JSWieJjr Papert^ 

bwn viikImI und oLhep* fcftd bton. for*Cft#t in lbo linn.1 dcfriiirs of the 
b«Ek1-l>0X h wliiclt the S(Mlili*rli jjfiopk! beJiev.id 1o bn Yeh.0% unj-utf fill-d 
uiiOOrii.l.Ll.iJtiana.l. 

Wb™ tln?M> me**UTffl «n?re carried by fwee of urmj, and IkmJ heootun 
If tael t -Or (JXjtCM rK^iinHion tlic ]qw of Llio ]nud, jnd when llio tttalr* 
*f (St LmuIIi ttcjo »|-;ain iHtarcd tu (]m Union, t)iO ]«*plo j-lLI I boliflTod 
that th*i aid C^iHthtUtiOfl, l» Jt w*| at (lit «lOH 4>f [lie Wflr, v,tu fuMy *de- 
qjuit*! to Hi© ]*rOt-e*tiuii *r c'vt'ry Lomnininj; iLnlit. 

'. f '|i^ u.;it mi I -s: ninl bifjiifty Li-lii4 I':..-, n* ihhJ tin facl tint l.iv- 

0*7 bad met Ir.; ffil^il knur in (la* uiiiu-d judjjiiJe.nl of the cLviEii«l r.ai;ionn 
of t lLO- w'hii-u rac-r, mni thnL il ivris. n-f-cwjjiiry riij.d. ijveni beH-ct C & V i L iJ it. 

J'jiiy fY-Zt tNAt 1h*y fould 11*1 *itl*!rd IO i-carinin in rdntioriK urith ih* 
wbilo ]!<ni]>]g *>f [Ui. 1 tHrrJi wbicli mtolvcd their couture., JLiiu'ev-TiF linlri*ti- 
tcd, *IM| kept [jlcid. iOwiljn rnibwrilpL, ffvera vmh tlioLr kindred in llii'Lr 
own couitttj", iii defending; lltcir righti, 

Thojf returned wEtJi jjJnoiiy, arid Hot irtLli tlio *u1lon relite.(BBC* of * 
CQjLnurrrd ]w>ji|^, to tJiedr allegiance to n reiioicd «>nji<5<iitioiiNj Un-lon. 

Nil' •! c:i-:i!i.! ;'i;| | ,;)■ ,, j|| -| \ j|j j;. Haiti '.i I. !■■:■.'■*■ i: |-ll"l- :- I i" ■ llj |l ■ ,. | ■ ■_ L 

oyery i-rglil except tJLni e/rce irtldcfc iiad ptrtajnid in I tic ronllicL i>r nrrut 
S* 1he mailer ™ TVWOatMl and undcrMoad by t]tc ]i«)]>l*i of ih ■■ > mli Ji. 

Aft-OP" tln'J.- lis.d dune all that T«|iiii-(tHt lay (Lmy iisd li^HKHr (0 -delet'i'l c!ni 
rigtil ti-liic-li tiicy *t t&Ht ytO!](f«lf wli*H idoy- l"t-]l Llia[ jjTTMiEtr KHcrific** 

lTirc inT-i i.-^i.EnhI for 1li;a en-UK, ovta lltn.upli it invaLvrd ridir tl.qn linlf 
flffl]3 (licit ]>ni|i6rty n Chpir rdUdiotl fl'ttl Lhfl 5(4t»4 -of HiO Ho^di, undti 

lilt ilsg Jiiid: C(in*(i1u(ioQ Df a tfiiOraon mujvtry, wnj a pFjEftful iDiiJt to 

I"OF * |l*rioil of n^july Jh?0* pftrt (lit ]>OruM *r 1SB5 rtlnaiil*d nlnnwt 
UbDTDKon. So. fnT AS (lie i?uu;li vrjti ■wiiiccrU'r-J. il Kn» kofl isb gptyd f;it(Jl. 
r Tb(*y MUi»dc.rt<. LtflB n rcul nod. Fnilitfu] ;44(», 

It in etuo [jlil unwqtuhutiorinl trine* wer* kvied opoii ih*ir prtduic 
tiDnN; curjfi7H7j1lfl.nl B n(J; [liurttiTfn iftok Lln:Lr ]:'ru|K-ii_v l»y fonar, mid afLer 
daring toum uitd tL<i ^miwprl in <3tcir cIkhik* for (li(» rubbery, |KLid 
[]>.£ TCRiJua Lni<i (]|p Umii«L ,S(aL« lrTMUTy h irhfra i[ bu bpfln wit juida 
by yutM'iji.it'ii: hm*'* 115 * convcicncr fund. 

3l.«in_v wrougi I lint KaTcly triwl llic- riccirilc vrqw injli^tad. u|>n:L the 11 
i:ivri4y bowv^ Ui*y wfjho power]*** j but (ln>f* tUikg-- did ustdrivfr th*ui 
fiuDL I he li:ic rnf duty. Tlir-y kept Fjtlt]i lvLtli (hrenlirc Cuunliy ^ llicy 
kcpl ii'Micp-Trilbir Ilii'iLoavn bardi-it-j tbpy pcujiJiijlfld, frfwy (d, (ind f nftirecii 
thfl lpM«^ they jimepdrd their conttiiutioiH k u to io^k« tln-m touforia 
t*> itit' [tct-uI ts of lliO Wirj and. n |in»|Krity attcnctird tiiuir Libone which 
prpved tbii.t no Cfll*nii1y arid, lit) lKliftrule -could dlepiiir^ thr- bftHuliruL land 
of the South of ita K*plrc u tb« qu*CSi of tbo OolutllL'rcO of tllll homiv 



Address of General John T. Morgan. 7 

3'M! tlii- ]-i';K<' wa£ afterward* rudi'lj nnd iinnccep»*rily brolnjiL [hrwj^h 
l!ie vicktd nialiiEion of men who bn<t no honorable <A£CUCp hi the groat 
irni, and frett dpilubfiofl, which LaAt resulted Ln penes in 1W..>. 

In ISK Collar*** lmokn lh^ treaty mwio Itj" lb* *PHvIm St tlie tut ntudef t 
n-ichpui jo*) «u«* *t JMUombUj exetisc, 

Tli* pOftrt of ]ftfiS wil* not made b>- tTfUty bo(wfri>[l SrfU iaJCrell t nSfiwti. 
Tho CbnfHlcinK> £|j*^r GoYrTnKII<!]i< W4* def-truj«l. l\. tchi not inada 
hlwWB tliO Slate* Iktihijc, under []lc Ccajp-Litu Lion tbey ffltdd not tw 
HecoEniucd individually, and ai to «HOll Oilier, a* tttligereiiu^ of in an/ 
r«(><!«[- a* [lOWtr* forcijjn to rlir {JaTcrnmcnl of tli.n Uniled State*. 

Tltr Iresljr, if it maj bo- <--nl]e<l audi. Wbj MmI* oy lernnof GnjiuJ illation, 
between Use tiro ftimfHt* ill the fttfld, nnJ ivnH ratified in the parole of 
crerjF Confederate soLJeut. TJiuy the mrvit *rienrd <iT jil] 5I.1- epigrnroifijia 
of Jii.^iMt fittli I'M ailiidi: a ::ii'.Li;t of perianal p^repment lietwnen tho- 
OdYehLtnifint of Ibo tnitsd olateft and lb<? r*3diehn>f « liCf (^Jtifwltiracy, 
Whfib Central t*f amd £i*iierci,l JoIiaitDn surrendered, their nrnnes tiiey 
did BOt COnScnt- lo ininnsp upon in<?ro oeudiliotit -or cirll inleriorltj wJnmi 
they ihould return t4 tBO.lt hatn.**. Tlicy would nnvcr liiTL-KLnrfiidurGd 
upon fUcb ternuL 

Serf 1 wj*h th* !i'i)i{n of il country marc- bound up in nny Irani j?, find 
IltfVfcr Kni 1'ijl'liu fnilti id ore unj.i'lly Hii'Ti-jCrtTd-orl, Irian it wjh wh^n, the 
EOVKirnnn^nl that Halved I bete parole* aft*rwH.Tdd disregarded IhtHu, 

Tll-0 Qmgtiy* of the L'ltLtcd Stiitej, isndi}? it* p^ircr (o make Tvnr. im-d 
triib the array under it* wiurot — mad.* eulijoet to Ltv MiiiiiiaiKJI Tuy b 
P»^mn1 invasion «f tiie ]jnrMgn1iceTDr ibe ItnidenL— reaumnl It&dlili- 
lliiB AgntnaC Ibt fCQ|i]e nf lhi? Stflt« (ljn.t ha<i bc*ti engaged ill tlnovrar of 
]>■-.!. 

TJlO FceS-idfnt i^uiimI to |Lv« ihti ijintlidi) <nr his nutSmilly 10 EltL> 
UTJuat nflr, nud Ilu powepa m Commillder-in-Chiief w^M: vLl-lVflll^ u^urntd 
by • joiitt eomnui1«fr of ibp tw* Eloniefl tiul ODlmdiuiJul (jCnerflh who 
tin n.-i I •-•}i. (0 eouinund Lli-o Twq*.'ul0nt, 

H'liilr Ibe rT«iddHt w(is«xttn(liii£ Ilia jrardoiiin-g [MJ^er to tti* wliflf 
of iillfitH-L etcS'y ]hrrabn in tlia Sfyutli rront nil ttia eanscquancrs of lli-fi 
■ Itcgrd TftbiiiELnn of ]861 r Oing^tLi tub tBJi^hhd, ia A Hair dfrolrtTfttton of 
war b**ed upon t!l«W |fmrJo)fnL'u ofT&iKMM. 

Th* w«r Of ] SC E Itld been m t^pit dF rraEaril ion of the tjaiiui -null of the 
»i)|iri:]nacjr of Ibc t'liii'rnl l.mvn, Tjti> w»r of lo&7 vra» va^od tflj con- 
ojunit, iubjtir.Lti^iL, and f-j-MMH^ 

Can jrpss w(lj onTH^^L tbrit lbc freaiicnt, by hit free use of the pox- 
dolling Jp*Wtr And 3iii recqgm(i<?ri of tii-o TJgbti of the 5l*HM, *bo«3d 
impede ilit work of lib® recona^RKtloB of the Stile* bf iniJiCarf ira«j> 
tion. 



8 Souftccrn Historical Society Paper*. 

Tins Fre*idont w*j. qnt|HP^t:lieJ taKauie lie c1lik«sIo Follow the CtmitLtu.. 
tton HUhfcMhftH oti^J 1 th* Irfhcr-l of a party thai derided its injunctions 
and spurned it* authority. 

Tli* tiiK[nn,- nT IbU rouikdv vra-i only ^nvad from thri rWle^t d|*gp#c^ 
Htm pici lhreat{mpd a nation by (.he heroic morn! tOUMgO of a fuw £f*Wt 
flpiriM, w]n> ].pri!«i uli— pud, foi a KMOli, *|fHI*W«l I* litre lout Bverjr- 
thing — to piwrtiit Miuti a unlmniiy-. 

It is 4 pLvayi iiej and ETiiteTul duly to r-fntln Iiimnr lr> tlio purity and 
CTmni^ of <b?*? Kftriixir* t,{ tho wutntry, who votod ij^n the wliolf* of 
ItapOuhBHtit, 

IJo 1 |Hi9s Llif: houndirir* of actual trjjrd and hi+toric- tmEli Ln deftninjg 
tin? pr«)T|*<TtK(ion Of lh<? 5l*(C* ill 1667-3, :l|-:-I tin- .'nf'iivsmvin of lbo 
SfrttABUH'H and polic/ of tbl* mwrrftcnt down 14 1ST?, ad i>*illg * Stole Of 
war maintained hy: *ct* of WArFar^? 

Tlier* wit mo rrtolLion, insurrection, or dom*«tK violfnc* in anj or 
tlif Soul hern SlaEei to require the 1'reuiloEil [0 wnd artmie* ill to tlnjldk 

Nfi re- ou in it ion fur ntcli far cm irr-ifo isi_t Jtf rilhcr by tho G-nvr. Trior* or 
tliO JA'gtelatu.re* of any of tlieie SEaEeu. 

The Forcra dF Eli? I.Triilfd fttM«ji that, rtfiDiiEaed in 111? South urn States 
were not hi *!iy wny (£lnlurli*d f or mulMtcd. a? threftlcTi-od. ij>" (he Siatri 
*U Ehe people Shh Trnr vta* mail? unon (In' Fndrr.it ru-micn in ibe fxmLL, 

XctliviE. hMaridtng ttii* «t*it4 of eI»(}r<J pac'Rcxtk"', and that Ihr-TQ vita no- 
dienut-od auiliOrilj- us U<wkh contending elnimAnfo for |H>wor Or offloo 
in any aF 1hr Slatt*, and no qunrrrl wi<li the- fedem] C t iov- ruiii-'iiL. 'In; 
Stair* H-fw, **■ military order*, groujwd into rrsiUl-pry district* and pl*c*d 
under (be rOJiliuniid of oeTicltu dF (lie nrtiiy of I he United StaL™. 

T]ip*d luilltnTy -nryininjii^Litit^, Juflnfi no more rijjlitful ]Kiirci EIlihi they 
Ii«vo now, tool; «nntnnn-d in rv-rrv <ie|vpptm Pri j. of olvil ftitd Riilitnrj laWj 
■lid ru'L'd wLtliaut n^jj*in*ihblity ar-or cvarylhEng and c-vtrybody. 

Tholrftrmlfri wt<- ^rftlionod atttmcoglo |>oliiM lo- «u«thin th«i^*^tho^ 
hj, A( tlielsr OWn will mn) [ili';i:-i.itl' lln'y r*tnOi'Wl lljL-^ffic*hJ lawfully 
chxMcn in r-acli oF ihr-M* KtnL-ri Front Ehcir offiocy, frum tin 1 faigliut to Ilia 
l*wt#( gntde*, *m( in evrry d^parlnwiit of tHo Jfvwal Standi »nd in tti*ir 
plarci iinl-fllL-n] their own n]>;-uinL'.'*3. 

Tho Ingii^jl nxicrnujt of Jtutocralif; penfr never exceeded Lhfi Teach of 
Uie'lrauilioi'ily'. Tfro Fr«6i<L?nt t^tild not- <s:eioiw ov*r tho menisU aF 
bu houMliDltt a niDrt jibHtlcile and irrejipoiuihLc |«wer than E]m^i, L ^iitra|i3 
(Ul« wflri 3! thfl only on« that in hintoricaLly & tiTio dennilioo of tho 

•,.fl!i-. ' ■ I'TV ij i'V.'|-J!..vri ..|- I ■-■-: ,::.:.-. \.il:'- - . -.n-l - B |n^- - I r-.-.-- -- . :s ■: il 

nil in mitlioiity in th« SltlM, 

U<!Wi*\f\&i to suoh fturh^rity •**» awt only by fore*. No iwiiri or Judi- 
ciaL riowiT, not rvt'n a CDurE>-cnif tjal n~ni rrqnicod Lo j^to injudicial uno- 
lioti to th« ordflr, or to «id in it* okkhIhmi. 



Address of (wmerai Jvltft T. Mvtgnn. 9 

Arm* in Ihn haiidi of th* MJdiery w^rti ih* fnm** WhLrli oiwulfd (be 
dKiwt i fill *ri# nubed npou [be etrt °f * b*lpl*«* jw*i(ikn from the 
•word* *f H»*ii tniit*nL 

Tb»j had lit |*w*f ta arr**L wilboiil mnnlofn>ii|i|iinU taif rii lD 
wilbowt * Lvwidjt; tt» drttjf *b* writ of < i l i n sr^i; lo rriea»e 'iLbml 
trial M»i a* wnw vra*ed of (fifit*i aa4 K» atiaa u4 SHkM* «l*l* 
ubchtiui: tricing lIit lid of a. Bonrt of jiMlkv.. 

flwh t«tvrnni» rH* ■ *!* oa|lfd nulilarj pwifnmiitif but wh.il ihall 
w& cull I bit cunati Lnn of tHaMLfr afEur* in wtii-li unit * |pnninm*nt u 
ILuLaJitad w I III In mid ar«r a State — ■ ray, iIihm- *\t innrn tlLplje* — -of llio 
Amtrioui Union, grouped Uivi*r the iwonl nf -■> | l ■> iUmp,. Elk* alav«a 
LoUibill Lu a KliLjjlo chain. If it wai bdl 4 nLfitd of Wit, wlul WH ILT 

In ItuuU nr F<Htl*i ihh might *rtLjf bo call**! a Half of ii°'^ huL qqt 
fonitflutiail lift not prrorldod hw a itil* at ilajp ijiamiiL llio mtbtmbd 
pull** I* Hi* Lfnhii. 

Il bu pmn no furlh*r than Co permit the Uw irmluiij power of (be 
Ua4 m *aafepj (he Khmhimtp, on e*rt*in owiibtnifn, io Kfenjf i* |-nd.l»id- 

Hlb lb* wrfl Of Mw* K^M, 

IVvtjtkt* Hint be outlined in aWfwitf JUT Ir a ni an , bwl ^utra ■■ ibe 
Acx-ruiui I/rIbb eanMl be coerced except by arta*! maw. Id oar Can- 
•UUllHfJ U* ciTkl pvwfs- If plae*d abor* lb* lajEttarT. When kbit organs? 
law V r**n**«f a « la«i lb* miliary power hiniiii la* la*<tBak lug and 

Lb* ruling j*iwj*r r Ihen war ezuta. 

Tli" V'MM«dn»inh jirtvitlfl* th" ntMB* bj "hkb lb* silllUif power cdwj 
b* ballad Jti to aid in Upbu-liJiiijr (ti* civil J*w«T. Jrtl-t won* (hwu^h which 
Il tnay ikjpl'l«n[ lbs LjEL«y eiwpl in ao[ual w.ir. 

Th" <Htl^ "Hmeill-lJ' III d*ltFlirijf ihe [w#irnt of tli n r*nnnitfuc1.kn. uF Lbo 
SoiLdtiTii Stn,LM iu a ILmc of jnLunl WAr li [bil lIip l/iilcwl 3laErt Qotorft- 
mcitt. hk(, mow proivrljr, 0«igp*j* wai tlia tm\y L^lll(9fftiu riaiijr-, Tb* 
olbnr |inrtitti w«<ri» 1lp]]»1l4^ ciLibenf nnJ Njl'Jier- wlin t*n»* *li»»rmi'i1 and 
hi liJ uijiJ^-b 1 |inii,l-r< Tb*v ixnild dirt rraj»t ; 1bejr iM>ulit onljr uSor wrong. 
Tlir^ wrrr ]jh» pripnn'"fcii|« MitlbOml *ilbln rtdjt" «f 1h« fun* of * 
beJeaeut-f^i fiirtma Io rmjeire Lbe fin of la#-ir fdetodi if ibej pb«ild 
*tL*««|<i ihi fnW lb* iand*r. 

The tr.'tfl' tf lb* Cof»titBlkin 'IpI tv* dar» io Mraj 1 Til imahm HJlihirl 
tbja mililair t|M*rp*|4aa, t**t Ibey thauSd dailnj' lb* Slabs ibal »e« 
doora«l 14* »nnVr it* ap^rwuioiH Pad wr*Bp, 

The i*hin|e niunlr^ FrJl tti4L Lt wai at war, Il i* ftfll L"i* Ibal Efau m 
■ |>*t]imI id which pe*c* wad prerenLvl onl/ hf ihp •nj(r)f p***J<iBi and 
llnferii»K Ittwni mur C of (he people.. 

Faaoa l|J[j fdraflj lh#i doit had Founii a fiKilliijf iMh* knd And Jl *•» 

a w.i",.- v.rilJir. I^ul hijw li4S(J3i(1*l WflTalpnUHI, HHi> far new i wn iwj } 

Uuabiof of wllleh wh> Ibal th« helplau caiiuitioh of Hid Seath in* il«d 



lb Svtithzrn Rittwiwl Society JPapers. 

A IhMlttI of plundcrera to the njuujli, nrnJcr * cry for tlif IKOIs-ilriiulion 
or ibc 'State*, after Iho m(«fn1icn of Hh Union )i*tl been cwipkied. 

It -ivivt? not A iilatc of ttfir bLnitiliiiiit*:]. after tin.' cenciugbntt n\ juMiia] 
ItOflE-ililir* in 1&G$, a* n mcim* or a-JjuNEinf finally tin? |-f : tj 1 1 ^ of tll*l 
struggle-. 

U vto ^ v/flT btgmti flfL*f e*ch of tlrt bcUigUTOn: Suae* bud ncjumrd jia 
b i :'■ -r r ■ m ■ I n'hiLLi.'iis LL' Lin 1 oilier itnLrnq after t\tey liHrl randuc.4<d ^ivil $m- 
tmowiil for nearly Ibie* yon.™ m SSilfj. <jf H|f. U-ltioah, (trod tlndtr &Il<J ID 
uscordDinnr wilti Hie Cusi*1itUll*Ji. 

TJti>f* Sink's- liaJ abul^ln'rl j]avL L ry j bud nccH;[t1crl anil t n 1 i ti-r- ■: I jiji nrup-nd- 
Hni'iiL lo the F"«ii?jnl -Conatiiuiioii fitbHiiLtcd to tltein by ft Yot-o of Con- 
greis; liar! remodeled llaeirotflrn toimitutioiib »o ae to coiiToflil [jwirn lo 
the rWtill* of Ibc war; bin.il jinid tnxe*; lijid L-cen recoEniieil jii Statri faj 
ftKry other fi1*io Ln 1hc UdUfjii , fl ntl by tjrf FhNJdcM, Bfld Ijy (bo^ni'S^rcw 
Court; hiuf^kci^fl Ro|i!fvseikIn.LLYCi- in Cbncresi; nnu.hnd iHHforiniHl Wety 
f'lin 1 !" i'il!(l --iylv. Lotli hvcli-riil msd l.ifiil, which in niijr way ±|i]i+i Iniiicu' 14 
UtHB. 

It ivru iin tfajittHnlition thni they were found wlieh 1 tif nnnich =if Mflolfr 
ktrilC€i4Ii hivjj'.il (hem., ornrl]tn)¥T ihn civil ln.w r and ni|iplimlHd 4 be ^Liik 
Jjowcr with tJio mili-Ury Iij- facte of Arnih 

Noi only Wire lliese States n-t penw, lull (bey weTe jo tirlplewi in every 

t'l)ilil,-1IS- MLJldf, lltnl 1lir_V JVyiktli IUtl *VtH ( blV-iltCTi tlbf J:*MIl - <- J»f tlia 

country, 

Tiit'ii liepnn ilic Tsirm ycnif t7»p of TiOWriiitnACli™*, Hint nil* jHpMnlrd 
from Lin- four ye ni* ivftf cf ref-t&hlLEoiii by lie.nr]y three ycatu #f IhMiCC, A 
(nMOO which was cinly interrupted by L ] i h- eomrjtninjriga of tlio ]«ojur h 
minfErd iviihi ibf btiudy fKitltiUSgw of Um j'luisclehDiP — a* tin* ft^ai dud 
fJlpnl dw^li rtHJ t:iHinrtibLi.'iL Bvr&htrtMj Ln tlic ni^lK Lj Llif eric* of Ihu 
jnt'kaLli inhifjnl willi 1bc |i[gintU<! c-.ills of tlnir viclijci* tliat Iibto- ptuti- 
(kr^cl fronid Hi* cannier 

IE Ih (7ti v tlml In I be Soullt, hh in (tic Swlb. tline irna n btronc; aciii* 
o-r un tnjjoni mi arid rtWiHtr|i(i]it bh|ivferi. (tie |'"f»lc -dCi-OT (1*0 "■'Ji*, Imi(, Lt 
fp^ Ic*' 9-|tfif*v»t«l from IBM to 1MT, limit It nnb ft*m Ihtnc*!* 1&7T. 
The war of juotniilrucEion mi a ili^honarAbEn ojtjjrcwion fui Jin unworthy 
c*uwi and it w*« ooTsdemncd sccoi^tiisgL^ Ln (Jio liwtrLsof go«t men of 
iLL aMIionc. I trill not wi v Ihni none or LLx iuLvocnlr-di EliDiipJit it iLcoei - 

wrj or jml, Th&» ffho Rdvoe*lonl tins hi-glior ]u,w |irloF lo 3f6U anal 

fuK-Ou tlib thwlJinj of b!(»d 16 m™l Ihnt liKrt*/, [ito^lUj- Ml llint it 
■fiiia jtjiLl or crc-n. p^nrrou*, <o rmpLoy Ibc army nj^iiib TAllter Ihmt tlte lull- 
Ict ■■■ M^ctire- rlii" 1 - Htr-HitTUL-l i-rin of tiif' S(i.t('-<iu , :iVH:'Tiiifl*ri11 P wbirft li*tl *kw*\"» 
beCU uNLTiiif obslnletidn (Olhc r*flliratitn of 1 hu-1 r radi**l HfelflMI, Bilt 
tfioaa irbtj fcngrit lo prcifno IhcUninnt iind not to dcilray tin* .SlatiM 
bare, for the ten yran. |UJ1, Iim-ii eautdown wttli jliamr-and pirt ucoiubc 



Address of Gttitr&t John T. Morgan. H 

ILb rand Mian of ilia coannj lutd rnado it ihojsibk (hat 1110b 4 w*LT Mfuld 
bo ws^etl for *udi * tame nitd ns&iinal a people &o tirL[iLe^a mi-d ubdF- 
foiling. 

Tbc Pf-»3 purpose of ■'.be ivnx dF LfifiT vru Id areur-o a jKrraEdf-nliiil o]k- 
titm, Thu immobility of Fty*id«nt Jensen,, like a nock in tlw &««, laftd 
CfluMd ft rtfaclian*ry DiuvL-iiiriil rtlfiUii£ the ]>topio towive rli-c ConiLitii Lion 
us well na []lc Union. 

Tho»<o who w&nttd the Union without the Constitution— *vh* win tod 
in otighrt'ligr intend of a rtjkubLia — at Oiicc iliscuTiied thnt nolbLu^ TmE a 
AtaLr- of unr in th-n SguLh coutd justify th*t pioneisc of ibe |»Kfr n*c<3- 
wy to ti op the reflux Lido »1»c3i titer w*T*teTioe of (he- Prwidrtn t hid i«t in 
■UOtkHi: nr.d vo ibcy tt'vLi'd war m.Liniin-L tlsfr 3S[Ato gor*tninfcn.b;, and Irtar- 
tbfdlMl nit rVrlHy tOtliFonifr the rabi-thUn L. 

It vrnn; Ibfi Tijjht oF trwji jf-IF-g-n-vpirmfnt in tEmStrUm Eli** *lQod in 11)0 
urny of i bu nwpLoi* ivli-o intended to oointol tlm pMildemsy it ovofy 
hhxdtd. The etLcMinlcr uLth AnJnw Jahiuan caaicd lliem Ld drnid a 
l'ratidcnl ivlta iprnrdrd lii* on.th tofupnorl t!i^ f "ht> i l v I i c >. 1 1 j ■-■ ^i , nnrl ib^ 
int«ndtd I bat notldng ilioidd 1>* loft Eo thane* in Ilia election of lih eoio- 
WS-^^r. 'i'l\\;- e'ut(iow coiitd on]}' be accDmnlisbnl bj- 3akin.g Eltc jefrn- 
tnc-nl of lEir- KanLEicrn fitaEti out (if the liaridi of Ibr- jHwyplCr nn[ l Ihat- 
w^ld onty i>* ftccompfwliod by w#,r. Th* power to- mak* war km th» 

Onljr flower possouMid lip Gaiijjre-js that ouuld touch tbe Hl»!« in litis vital 
|Kiin<, 

"f Jitf VtA\t Of reeOnnElf UOtiOn WM Wagfrd 1* WOUr* tho pCTfnMlGlH. **OCnd- 
n.i:i-y or n ]Ki]i£icn] psi'v. If tho ftoulbcm Ktnilrj- hurl lyfrrn, Hrpuljlidirl 

[nsiefld of Dtntothttia in th^ir parly ^MMittioriR, ihif wiif w™ild lianf 
lt«*r "jKinriJ uv Y and. the MuiiLrj- wouJd bfiV* WOnpfid ■ UrtLlng di^T»«). 

Kd Doiiiacral, Kmdt nn Routli, ciipipfld in Lhii war exornt ia be W*i 
dtnwf n l;*n«i(li tlte cliitrlol iv]t*e|is a? * Woody vklire of i(* <;ru?]ti«. 

Hoi nl] Ihc lifiniWicaris: «ngA£«l In Ibi* 9U. Hup nf (hoi* wli* htii 
fought (or (bo fljg And tbt Ddlod did jldL do-'itr Ea ur iTto proud cm-ign. 
of the mnintTj 1 fto*Einf mr*r fll*l« Lh*l w*m e-fN^lavod, tn<E * Union oF 
6lhle* lIh^ inolitJed tlcven uearbca tlint wbw «■ onlbnilled Lbat (tisy 
TtnikL rioLb in sny TTny f act vrilbaul lite- ]:*rm If.' it'll of [kc nrtny. 

Coiigrr/W at ftr*t r*i«n| (l»i* *««* wjjli ( rifl SotJtborn 5i^t?* % Tf Fuun^ 
to. th^n » irr-jiTMfiitntLrHi irt rijbcr boUM?. T\ic-</ did pot n-Cfl™), hovr^rcr,. 
I*l?ij! Llit' |KXiple to wtiOiil tliOv ^^u-hhI rtprtrtiiLnlldlh 

It ><ion lhFTUnne nppriTO-uc t3i»< Llm rijrltEx mid pfiWJT* of lttKra« rule coai' 
prwd UMrLy ffv^wdijifij vftlunW* in ^oirernniAril, to fcr w it ifl*t«fll to 
the- |K'rti>iuil WdtFilrc of iht nirutHj. at the ji*oplc. TIiuf did riot replno 
BE. Ibn nejjjME of Cnaiprv-i*, or 4<vfrL *l \Im av^ratim Eowardi 1hem. 

At Elm mii dF Ibr^ft y-nnn) lit a {ntrfloii^od SU-te* had fully ^LptrtisliBd 
the fact tltkt thoir p«jpJe could live and protper for t A«ntm7 witltouL 



12 Stittthtm htitortotl Society F'lpcri. 

feHiiiit Eli* want or r*pr**ciiUt[on in Cer *****, Th#» could have ill* 
p«>L*«-fboB of lb* tog of iha Union *ueb ■* lb* TrrriE**™ injortdr ibej 
w*rp entiEE*d I* r strop Eton from, tuilion h lb* Indiint at*, L-Kuit* 
tbwv b*d no rtjtm^nUliari in Cjiiyii; tbwj hjrf lb* fjrnpMtbj Obd 
»>-; '• i i r iii.it i .iti >!i;r ■-. i--j mtU u-Bfi i ibt r .t*;. mil I .f./ir-hu: 
lUpof the *^mI rkfdiU i>f ill Lb*, trlilc*. What toon naM licy realty 
nr*>u r bund** ihe power of loctl ulf jOTOrniBrpl, ftp mtl|» tfc^ir pOOplo 
ufr- »nd pKM|ieraui? 

■Buuli * condition would not, of coUf»e f tn**l iba Hlrmindi of 1 [rat 
atld JjrouJ ]M"&plc, but lE 'would be pr-nfrnLh.|*i In Lti&t law rijiiijji; i.-ja in 
ulilr-h. h<ta*pl**d n -i li Fi <■■ r L L >■ *jMHtM be ooLApjfrllwl loiulitnlL to iniull and 
InJlUllcv r-rjfcii | nunl I V ml tho hfrndii of EIiom in jHiymr, 

II wb* thli Nli>inoiiiif*tUwvof tlw (5*0*1 ftu-t i| >• ■■ i|™*th ilieroal 

KfMllotitP ftf ibotfrtOhllnl t^ir^n of the p'otlnml Or»vpninir.nt lb mnrieT, 
■□ raeri r and Ln millrary mtiurKi r in the eLrr.1i.-iii of L'rwJ^nli and Hep- 
iui|¥« |n Ccmjreu in twijt Hon***; *rnl ('rui, iff withholding th*M 
!hn Sli1e+ cm it anj numirDl |«n]iii# lb* Frdinl (Iflif i*r Bi»at ; 
lint ilinii<l lb* higher l*w people, and Ih#v » track haou, at tha root 
of lb? ir**. ■»«» ifa*r, jrt |b* war of neoMtnorUoii, *iracfc *J lb* £f*al 
rhjfali 0/ Wat* rule. Tin iLnagf-l* lor Ib-n* rifbli ha* been Ivdj ud 
painfsl. Wr could on It dkI military fore* with paftienL niflVrLrjf- In 
Ubf Iw-^ihunif, * v*i! iLuntirf fjf tnrti Ln the Soath w*rt d4*fniB«lnMd 
who bad pirpfi Ictnp eiwl hKtiiItc iIiiJt to our peculiar mil ni«ilj ■■Jjui- 
lotl ftj-itoirt of jrovpTnmorjl. In Elr-ir [Jajy*, Ih*** w*F+ |'ML wlio ar*« IB 
rioHni». t |Ti«ILrt*J for froe jinij [nd#|i«nidclil NibflrngP, ti? Hk$ lk-tH4iibg| of 
Iho in L'>l I itfnii L rXBrriLio nf tliii imporl>nt pTiill««jiii, 

Thrn ■ <iiki- Jiulitnry iqLimiJiiiDn, fiFr*"»t», imjTiifinmfn^, tb« N|iiDtii^« 
or Vruifll ijili* mid tfotociir^a in el^ prirxlo tml hotmI Pin^ium-ica of 
Luinr. l'lion hirer] u lnlE4m lo tho blood Ihrit eoursod Ln ElieLr veiiii" 

Win- I Ilwil. I ■. I.iIjiIiij: .-U.-ci-.lr- In >',{,•■■; •■• «.Li.,lI l.i'I | ilili|..l..f .1 1 ,> : 1 1 . 

Bui DO an* prh Hill r rrr enumrnle Ehnw crira^^ and 110 lohjilfl will «yuf 
be ilile- lo portrar Ibein in their horrid, entirntiti. 

Th" »!ftjMt* U *n>d#4, I apL^ir, fofr* rt, Tlo r*r«4l»|hM of l**7 b*t 
■1 lul bil*4 of lu parpOtri bkl£f4 BlurT bmlkA hi tlphwd Iba Jecm* 
«f the |iar>aUf «lll Ofiifttt Iho rrTolntkin; ihrr* ni B I ubiU TMUUD- 
injt nn*« irkiea iri&n If*. J to i nonul of th« ilnmii, pwd il u mdedL 
Iti thl* ilrainl*- Ibb t-*fJr of (h« Soiflb h»t* *nn h p^rvl Btool TiotOTTr 
It wm IrtP rli'<-ri'lml *nd nt-idinij bop* dF Lb* pauw-bfHJlOri llihl ¥*• 
■hoyUI bff j^boJrtl LdIo irmbd re+ii-tPiTii?*. Th#y toufbE Elil* Ooautoa 
•giiri*i in l« dnHrny am, Owr fr»nd» in tlit 'Korih. wJio wiinewrd with. 
tlm iir*|iipjit omtr^ni llio whnLn Qiweiricnl, < I ■■'■■! "h"" "i ni»r »idr* and 
tmdr. u* bin utilt aimI lo nuictlv cnduTC every prrMicilHoll UlltLk II WflM^Flng 
IfrJM) nf juittfl* *iHQri(it Clin ptopl* ihauld deprive, t-ll* liMlf yoUv«i of 
powtr. 



Addras of Gmtrat John T. Morgan* 15 

Faithfully «m| liOfl-Wlly lliey Stood by as in OTory trfjiE, iii-.il :::..!,- s :.■ 
: nil iionce of tbf ir co Uriel* and aiiim.pL*- wn togk coarajjo And. rwoLvcil to 
CUllivc- [he HiToJtitirm, and (liulty to vote It d&w T t, This yto liav<- dang. 

We oF (Tt^ South, ill concert -with [lie people- of [he North MUl W*»t> 
elected a alafw-TTinn Id Ihr Frcwdf-ncy vrhri wo* pl^rlgccl to p-dt nil uild I* 
this irnr jigALnxt the KLitr-ii. 

ffi* Qriponcnl, who bec*li(H> Pt*bid*nL, luid dccim-cd liLi ajiinianfl in 
f^vor Of tti4 principle* On which (h* SwuLlierra hKatu ba-v«j «j Lttiig »tO<Kl 
United, hut it ttub Bnppoxc-d by Hin^ who i,u|ip.-irLijd hiltl tti*f i)i.--i^ 
declniiiLumi woro only Mfl.nl to dweive. They did not rif.hr]>- appre- 
ciate him. They wore trice wards from ah honml hr-Art, u|tO?cd in 3i*X- 
mony wLth g ho ouprawd will of iho people, tnd malnthhtad. in sat* which, 
piw-o that ti jh curitHjkiiiHj ■& al*rl asihI guides bin id An Mrnttt cAbrL io 
nuppo?!, «n4 oboy die Constitution of the United Stntaa, Hun lui^uiti- 
C*.nt ill* tinON[n.-cL thnL Ujok who liani kJ greatly banned the country 
tbnfiiflb tbo fl¥il limp* of Lho wa^ of rocoiutTuotion will ever b* ah La to 
utitl* the work now comp3c~tc.lv ilniihetL 

Tin; iTn vLnlc-rmfln ttIio uppn*4(J c*cb other for the, FraiidB-ncy ngrr.a 

that tho StRtw iBf»t bo- hh to jzororn thmwlTCi, In all matter* of homo 
rale, without tLvil orrailLtfcrf LalcrForciicO. by Congrwv. Their Followers 
sustain lb«m, anal llio coTCHBiit dF pejico in rcnled by tho authentic oat- of 
both the- pjcat pglitiijn.1 parties of th-r country, 

Tlic Slates hitt-0 regained the dignity with which they clothed (he-nv 
■c-It-m, and the LnrmartnL honors with which they were crowned ly Ibe 
nation* of the earth when, after having achievod their indep«nd«ruM| 
tlib thirteen Slates lfct* cadi rtcaLv«l into the drclo *f the- fWftt tilting 
riowp-nt irith etrntAl CjQiijrrfituJiiLkin*. and iat In ogaitciE Idgctbcr to c-rt-.-ili! 
I3i* Gt>veTnm«jLt«l" (lie-Uhiied StALos *f Atiwric*, 

S*d Vfrgini*, Georgia, &nd tbo CaTo)in±s tb*in far^c™ ibo nhunu that 
b*re found teller in tlic Trtx'k ff til* OsortitlltJon duriiia; thfl ]fu.t tpn 
jrjirn, ii. iibryan J question rlial tiiiM Federal {JUYtrniUeiK. urfju^iJ liljver 

have been fmtri. 

Btit f lookliij; b*ck flfper ib^t |wtmkI, snd «oiii^ Jiow thfy In fact 
i: lmildrd TvLir-r than they knew..'" and finrliibp in the- hearL* of tli-e people 
of (heewmiTy b-ti lionet nnri ^biding Faith in (ho truo ririncin]«i cf the 
QavcinriU-nt Lh«y onlnancd^ wliieh t*a HVu it and Uiw SilvM it from por- 
vrr>ion and niiii, they rntnr n^rrin the tT[um|iliant. proEjrts *f the S[ii.tr* 
and the pooplo HowrtcIh *i de»1ill]r, which ROW seom* 1o ho auurad, higlter 
than «ny couthtj ha* ever *c«juj:iliwhejl. 

The DL-^lomtL-D-n to the people of tJioEfl- constitutional right* which tlioy 
hnvo nnvn agreed to atiTrc-ndcr — TTbEcli rcmaiii to thoni aFte-r folif y*nrt 
of o|>eii w*rf*FHi and nwrly ten y**R *f ml*ru!<s and pcrweution^LM 
KTooved the l**t obstacle to petfet reconcjliationr 



Fw* }* III* (Villi of leconxjiLraliOTl. 

Tk*fHM-«f 1*7? r^IiitM th* ugiiuli n»'l hml* III* b*-ar I .burning* a( 
two war*— iba ApM »n*l h*iHtftibk ttrogfJ* of lb* war of IHI, *n4 Ik* 
bUHmj pnmwtina of ih* wu of ISA. 

It* fnitinlrtltAN i WHihn batlt fa tS3ft, ibm tb* dimr qurttian 
b*p>r H>*(clUl* Ibe ny-unUj; twiy. il pwr WV l*1fifl !■ n rl* ■SUjf *t ihe 
Ctfti'MlilUfih. H wi|h braliug in tti rrinjp,"' and cutf-i Ihr jjTirf iihI kil[*r 

tn*"tTHvrJF-" *vf |J|-n jm.il, 

irnti«"l 411 il rHilrlntir: nwpln ah all iiiln nTB firflpirtiiJ fur tJili Lriii-<lic- 

Han or 1I#***n H i |hMnl will la niMV. 

TK**)i iIo-^Ipv thnl+vewj human Iwinp ilinll bp- inrtuilfH In Llm lilfHine. 

I"? win* ' (iiictihI in thn war of IBGL Utrn with «»TiSi]tnc* an<( 

■-fFectiait Ift iJus p#*pl* if ill* South. *ml wnl«ema lli*na m vietari in th* 
war of nfoiWriii'liiin. 

Th»f f*t*trn m a* m*n who fought hnnorahlT HWl In fipaq warfjr* f« 
what *« b»1i»if*il t* h* our rlght* K ami ift*i*inl' thawd 4iir 4*wtloo 
to tb* Cttutitttttan wii U t**m**itj *™( tonr^UnVrkifr "h»ffl ihp nuiled 
band of oppf**qhMH Mb Ui'l hminlj- span llw S^HtiPin ftlaft*. 

Tit'* biFib#*i on in hit-lfil*** STi^f ***■' iTiii»ir wh#i| lb*« 4*1* ibn ih'VL* 
who trwi(«i ih" fk-r*» Unfile of lhe war of l**^ awl haw folJawl tb* 
pxnin only to fpfrulifc upon the nr«**iIJM t«f lb* oiHftiLrT. hvl w-ii^xj 
lfc*lt Victories !*■•»«, Will. MI'Vrr«l Vjf (nlligpri ihrl ba lr*» h«nrllt» 
pnlWeJan*, UA en It* a nsw war of nwon*tra*-ll*ft *tnl ronaui»i. 3 a the 
(UrktwHlm^i Hi^y i|UM| by u* Mul piiokM (.1 hi 111 wohh of rtlBDjrjig^ 
Entail, and pohjuftd U4 to f*fb«*|- to FliMt bLoml In Ihfl Nlr»f*ncn or our 
rl(lil» mw\'l MlKTllrh Wc liilcni:*! an<l »nn>Ewi|, rind itMIjIii-IiI our l|iri|* h 
Hml roiCnl far lli«]n«ir nr -d^liirepiowi *rnl, nowi.tli^i ii hn* *ynn*, ire 
rr'ji.iri* n-iili thi-in In fMKrrirtl p*a«s *mi unity rtot Ili4 ntl*M**n dF 
<^nn • I i 1 1 j r i-n 11 ih! nili> to mir b*lcv^) cnanlry. 

I |.>- .|. ., *li* |-<on!«- far p«HM ruirl rvmncjllillin ^xLil^"J, nnil *p*j 

* mntrnHmit wntim^nt for )f «*T«, 4<trinj whkll ih* fw»liti<-|*m hvpi ihettt 
■ part itt'I wtiilif!^ in bitter anl>£ani.ira r 

Ftw #r tat* rl**i af n>l*n b*»* btaa af#*tHt en a^a^aa*, aa ff^l:bla 
to hnmlnilf , *lwn In* p**r»fr hare jiwn •*■! bul ^mi.n« ^J(ji,rr«n>n fr> 
Ibfnf r fro t^ f LCltliiwi. Dvriiif lb* hut ►prinrf, aa4 an rainr prwriaxu ottm- 
riem. 1 1h* |tf*pl# rati in Irna *yra:paiby, hr4 Ibwa whu hail *b]i mn In 
bafllo hrfnm hh«ll anrtrol ch* fnrfl of trivn'ti and f*N lliJt^, ntnl *ail- 
ttrfft tlnwrr* ■nr.nT tlir uhri pf llirir bt-naic i|f-iii r vIh^hi gEwy hu li lul 
bH»m« [Iia n^n*t hanlaflfl aT pr-id* (« iho wh^ti} Am^riflnu ftmi3jr. 

Title r^vnirlliiilloli Li not Oil tHhtt sdajf lh» trmlt of tlUfnilLallnjI c-orb 
fw»isn of wrrnp iliino to Lho cminlry or In poitarU^h It liai naL fi>l Icitl^L 
th* paMonln^ «f flffanoai r 



AftJrm of Gtntrnl Jt&R T. -Vw^in, 15 

It hm been ifcTfitit-ii IhTon^Fi tin 1 onEy mnnnii ihni were |h35-]fcbLe Ed tflen 
T*hii N:iv* nny M^lf-rrnwct, (he manly n»ogni(iert of Lim fact ihatthe war 
iin nn* «ji ptlW»lfa * tTinio, 

tritrtlltn]*, wbeElier [umlanerl or punwliod fci (JlBHt'fcfccltanor the ]atf, 
OUVikal "dflfif-1] together in unity 11 Jirni *» JjT*Lhr*ft *fUb Lim«r whg ar$ 
vLrltiiLii anil ftwA, 

Wijrn lh.'. L people ("tits wit It thOM T»h**ire. (LeimumcwL' iu criminal* artd 
iTrtil-^h*. it pwc» cj(1lpt tlmi (lie- good hnvc hoconto rltRwnlixpfL or ih&t 
r I h i ■ >" ijn hi it Ik-M^vc Elki: nccii«nt:an. 

The laELei in Ehc tn.ii) proposition, Tim people Sfejccl > dcnuncLilibn 
thai ih*y Fop] 14 h* iicijuil. ami yviLL satus rhj m pun go- it fiom tho im*% 

'J'hc- w:ir of Ivtfti tt^t not on either hiijo a CTinfin. It ivjy the. UO-Mivltry 
rchull or n conflict of inter?*!* and ™>Tkt5on9 iv)iidi tt- l . T o too deep- 
eo*.t*i ami loo JEU|*OI-tfi HE- Lo bfc jifrlnlcd to anything but empowering 
force. 

What ration w r*c* flf]>eop!s h&i ever b+wnii&BreitiYiihGLiE.iirLjgE'ioi 
and Idiwul-died? Ij. jtny bfen ?* Frctiuenlly nFMMirf tlia'. bE, hut nlniivit 
became n mla af Tni1iari.il. projirfl** and. vLeTAtL$ri (.0 1*e the B«rOrd lit flit- 
Eire IrMMfl fprais ilteelogi uml in«ttnibr*nc<>i ih&L gather in Iba form af 
inftiiMin-n, wf>*];h L ami prejudice around effe-lc in«lilu1ionji r 

Tim fiiet \\k% had a great influence. Ln reconciling the 0*011 1 h to the f*10- 
of ilnrery/. Whether it wan right or wrong, it unit £*mcJ ilfltleF Mil- 
dPDinstinn. 

'J',l« 4tvriri'l wjw nKVnr/n and would hfiVa bGen nccejMrj uuili' r any 
oltrtJ instance}. I* FKudiila Elic sentence. dF iba rn I i^ht^riMl ijiit-loHfl, at VT* 
tbtH'ni tln'm h np/iiiW African slnvpry in. the Soulb. 

Tb* Snuth w^itUI h^Vtf ]l*v* Wt^rtl^i nla^trf ru a rti«ra aT darkening 
th*t b^k-bufhril *f thft AfriCiitl. They IwLi^wJ, mil still Twlif-w, that Tb«y 
hyVc dune mrnrc Far liis civiliintLn-Ti nni] <iril ]g;h l-otn isi (* he. tlifltl he WIS *<t?f 
do foa- himM"LF in ih[« flOHUlry or in til» ti*(5wi land, i?iE.li «11 I ha Axuft- 
iTiw of all Ehfl nalj«ll of tiiO (virEll, 

TI18 "sill of et*Mr^ " Ihc-y never frit. If titii ii itpomC o^ltquEtr, thof 
arty xtill Ilea '.3. 

But wlmlhn- th*y wrflt^ eighl- or iviMfttK in LbiH *i>iTiiont mul jwinlt- 
iri^ni", thfy w*r+ not crhtllitat in r|cF(Miiiinj witli limn a right which bftrt 
th* -OJipn-s^ nnetLtni niL'l proE«;Si*iii of tli* (Ton^t kution. TliLi- iVaj- (htif 
»t>t^ ttmA&f, iw ^ls(! tlui irhfilC' JfiM-Eh Vfw crirainot in tautlog of tlujtr 
purtuwo loaboliNb klj^e^v Y>f any m**n* tlint- mijpil Tm found nnewajj. 
Out (jrv*t donljl wm 44 E4 tb« hcinmy r*r ETtt< .i^o^M-tioJt r bul. EliOM whd 
revile m « r*be3f and traiEQM oannot no* fL-uiirtvo uh ai ih^ Ji-fcnsc tlutE. 
wfl oetleveJ lhat. their ii*cl*ratinb1 Were- I lie Inio MpiPMian oF thpir 
detign*. 

When ihirty rollltwii ftf peoptn dF Iho Mine Uo&tl, hftiit1£ the saitio 
gtre*pn-rn,flH t, go to irar tar apinigbTp nkt, for princLple, Fw poraonal UTtd. 



16 Southern Hisioriwtl Society Papers. 

political right?, or to preserve their institutions or constitutions, or to 
defeat usurpation,, or for honor' * sake — and not for dominion or conr|ueat, 
or an hj Haitian h or the spoil* of war — it is a presumptuous abuse of Ian- 
gunge and » perversion of tho truth that Any should character] io either 
party with degmding epithet^ or i in put? to either a criminal purnoso in 
nmd im ning a c-iusQ upon if Inch they hc*tow the highest and bull proofi 
of honast devotion. 

More conspicuous is the injustice of such recrimination,, when, in a 
free government like qu^ the |ieoplo first cat press their opinions through 
(!:,■ I,J]-i-! S mx on i3i< 1 morality, [u«tw'>. p^lu'V. ^n.l conatUuiionalUy of 
eirery measure affecting the general welfare. 

The American people were neither -educed, surprised, nor betrayed 
into tho war of 1-S-& 1^ After a vain search, the conquerors failed to find a 
vicarious sufferer who could personate the alleged treason of the piroplo. 
The Irutfi was r there- weih no tauml to the rebellion against the Union in 
tho South, or to the rebellion iigiiinat the Constitution in the North* Tho 
1,..,.p]i. .,,-, hotli sidgSj i:i their 'Uliv hody, Wi-tv ;hr- ntfijin Uth. 

B£r. Lincoln, who was not an Abolitionist before tho wnr f wan forced 
by the pressure of popular clamor and a supposed military necessity, to 
declare the emancipation of the negroe*, mid Hr, Davis, who wm a pro, 
nonuccd friend of the Union t wai compelled to draw the award Against 
it to avoid the crime of treason in defending the right* of the Stale*, 
assailed through the institution of slavery t frith arms within the ITnion* 
His jailor, while he wag a prisoner, punished him for treason in a manner 
br tilting the Inquisition, but hia judges never took heart to hear a 
demurrer to the indictment. 

Thorn wns no treason in tho war. There was no traitor of any noto to 
either fisg during the war. The cause* of the war had such deep hold on 
the convictions of the people that every man fought as he would have 
fought for his family or his religion* 

For mor# than forty years liv i- "pie h'.ul warned and ailmonishod each 
other In every solemn form that warring opinions and angry debates 
were steadily approaching a otiiia that would compel hostile conclusions 
between warring Slates, Every tent af the ballot during thai period had 
developed a growing determination on both sides to yield nothing that 
was Involved in the issues that were then agitating the country. Many 
compromises were devised by generous and patriotic men h who set high 
exnmplps of personal sacrifice heforo tho people, but their counsel* were 
rrjeoLeti, Compromise was as fuel to tho flame, Advice and warning 
wore lost on the people. 

Within a few years before the war America was, in rapid succession* 
bereft of the three men who have added to her fame the chief glory of the 
10th century. Twenty centuries may not produce the equal of either 



Address of Gentral John T. Morgan. 17 

Claj, Webster, or Calhoun, They had all, through livea of long public 
Urvioe, jwrlicipated in the great di HcmsionB which involved every phase 
of tli ii question of slavery, and had weighed pit considerations sifccling 
it in any degree. They [J id not in jlII < tiLm^js n^ree; in one thoy did;, that 
tj1iLvcr> was under the express protection of the Constitution of the Uni- 
ted relate*. Ill another mutter, they also agreed. As death summoned 
Quels of them to hi* departure from earth, he turned hie though tp to hi* 
country. In the throes of dissolution he was reminded of its #ad impend* 
ing fate and, intensifying hit plea by the solemnity of hu situation* almost 
in hit hut breath, ha warned hit countrymen of the danger, and plead 
with them for forbearance towards each other. 

They had anchors of hope ca*t within the vail to save them when death 
ihould pro?e> conqueror; and, reminded by these of the necessity of a 
*t<>ndfimt jmchorage for their bplpvpd country, they pointed the people to 
i . i --ii-iNiiLtiitn, :ind implored them to hold to it, and trust it. 

Tins people quoted: their great Arguments in the Senate to support their 
convit'iionii and strengthen their receives, but left their dying Etdmoni- 
lions unheeded. 

[f the war wu a crime, it was a crime of the people of both flections 
infatuated by a zeal that incriminated every man who voted hi* honest 
opinions ; and so every man won guilty who fought to maintain them. 

If tho&e only were innocent who P having voted for war T refused 10 fight, 
but preferred to coin the Wood of the people into gold through bate 
specula) ion* or the emolument* of civil olfiqas, it were better to have 
been guilty. There Are men who refused to fight as they voted, and now f 
with epigrammatic insolence, adviic men who were houo»L soldiers to 
roto as they ahot* 

A recurrence to these matters would be without profit or ntneua on 
thii occasion,, when peace is the subject of our reflections, only that the 
truth of history, as revealed in the auctions of those who fought in the 
civil war, it the only teat by which we can determine whether that peace, 
which has at Last hung its white banners in the heavens, is a true and 
genuine reconciliation,, or only a hollow truce. Is it a restoration of the 
country ia the solid foundations of confidence and regard, whence peace 
lloAit like a river from its fountains beneath the eternal hill*; or i* it a 
mere SOOlhing Of angry reKE<ht montS which linger in ma] irioLU conceal- 
ment awaiting the hot breath of soroo fanatical demagogue to kindle 
thorn again into fury? 

If it is merely an allayed excitement smoothed into temporary quiet 
by the silken hand of policy there *r* bad and dangerous men who will 
arouse It again. 



10 $<*tlAfni Historical Society fttjptrt. 

Tfcrt tat ttoditiow Will I* PWH tkM It hfe* «f*f b+*n_ Confidfnev 
■ill b« Jon< m p # ai fa» #»ch Dllur will be changed fas dugu+t — « D d m4 

wiU •htmlon fwnrtr til hc/jt* iff p**e» «nd*r our ftae pnpi-mneQi. 

JV*t wlH ilrif * ui to take jJjtlttr itfid#r dnpdtlifn,, Ih il w« njajr i«HT* 
NpOM b]T IH" f»«* of fo.m«i Imperial mlL— bnYLnfriilrd to obtain pAutt 
by lb« injinjinbl* Gatiltnl *f our bntthnHJ, b^wil mjh>» n undid ntrrej 

df |.l|« put r and a jjood un^cnlflntting for L 1 1 - ■ rntiir-. 1 . 
If we nf re* tlm Hi^ p**ct| ilinL m* jlott IiriL wj||i rejoicing, 1* lite result 

frf » fllml WFldu*km »r |bf pir^plo that EltB ftl*|«i ar* t(j hftYfntld enjoy— 
willnii I kit. Tnltin and 1tlid>r ths C«il»l Million M It li— [ha righLoF local 
•*jf-ft*WPrmin*nt "• it "tsir ra iM[*, ibaL pencm will b» findurinjj. 

IT, fltlvrlrwiFr, ibr right M cliimrd far Lh* FtdffL] Oav/flTlimt&l t*t*«ta- 
»W«fl llu SlU^i, u wnitimffll^r, l(imi. h '|, U,n wat nitkinp; power 
of lln" |*rr».il«iil. of CMirr* 1 *.*. *o u 14 conbnt their law. formitulkin*, 
ud oAbtaJ **■*♦** la (b* win of the doauiuB.t pat Ijr Ja tb* V>i#&, w* 
will hilt iiflfa that will end El irttiTKiw*. 

[ W« 1"m1 ID in the peace of IS7T. Il b jniU Maawublr. IxxwnU*, «*i 
CofnliliUNir ii : .iirl k,e Ihe+e rrwoDi il u ramnaemled |» |fc* b#«rt* of 
itr*r»il uaen North md ftou-rii, who laltal 14 Mend by lf t and •» that It 
It OMlnlplTM"J- 

Conflle<* of «p-inioni and of inipwfta map Rfftln wkt bo(we*n lb« im 
tlfliii of iho country, d-.Yid-i-il l-v 3in0x «f latilitd? ot 1anj|ltuHl»^ but mo 
liuvi'.ill h'hTri'd Lhat forbrfrrtJtra ha vlftilo. Tlln J*opi*i Iiitc JtLihtr- 
•Itly mvLiiwl-U all tli n ^roundi upon which ilia Jj*idyi cf 3 H~ T it fojinlrd, 
»nd •Ri'i- inn h J 1 1*tt* of lh« tallnc "i rtf* tWi, Ibi-y ltN*» flimlty «k«e*d 
tbll El '» fl»«l, ]Npnniiieji[ 4 an J iniUdibta 

Tlif Txrinnlnr irmif" of ]tiCI Ed tSCS, th lit" hlii-m hiTf- »u»LudhI lbo 
prttw wbkh (h#5f wii^iMTrf ind dcvbred. HjI ivhiLn ih^j- *rlx hanging 
up Ibrir inti il»l tmnlff (Iwir l^fitim ±L <3m rlm«. of i|-.r ■«, mrntwk 
pOMMifoe vf lh« ctril power mmi cmgrAj hwvkv Ih* Kiatian <vrf!Hnl«f 
bbo«V ■* ■ 4l«fi of whieb hsd tntr Oowc^l frora I h*Jr n |iT TJ t4 Ttj W, tod 
b> t ^ m ih*«MlK4t]r oow jntailf kllKbau* A* aballiti and iliimilm of 
tb* |>*fl tan 7«art. 

Th*^ w*r» h»«t[#*ii ^Rrici*iij r who would rtftp |H* IwrvMt *f Trttwy 
wbert [li«)f hmt 1441 Ptymml ti\o l&terl of Th» k*tll#fl*1J. 

Th^y if.ilnifiL lLt» »TmpilhL« jiiuI Hippart of ■, mnSilEnf peapla bj 
iplfrotllrut tn iht *fntiment* anJ ppuuinin* (but w*r« qukhtucd kjy tb« 
ktortin of WArhT?, trd, rn a T^wsr+I for tli-»Lr iirim!n1"il jiTirft, w«n gilicud 
tH eflli'ri LIin( K-iifo thrln the jMwer to ctitib ilia lii-l^lci* «ni| to phinJcr 
c 1 1 i-3ii lumLit Lh^ Pirnii <*\ law ±n-l in tlni nnnu i*r lbs CuiLod JJJat^i L 
t>jrro in ir'tort \lwj i«ickljr did tbfir weril, tft4 lffl|tToif<P*iJ ft fltw *rpi.j 
of rnLUtnJ mm to pufl*Ln tlirm in m««iunr' ai nlmli ili-n 4rur <JTCaii«* of 
(be Nortb, w ha had pwm home in. triunipB, woulJ hav« rrrotEvd. 



idJetu of Gatftfti John 7. Jfwyn. 19 



Kui ***>,*( M ibk btwurf ay pwm n, «m HtnuJ OB before lb* 
fW *M dm toataua ita Wd jsrigiMfii a» tk* baiLorj rf bat adriftl 
UlrJ 

tn tbii final jimJ Hbllfl jtfdj*na-*t of lh« {wopl*. mitred [hraajti tfe* 

ba.lli.-i.bfex jtnul pat ibt* turaLi^n bx t bobl an J faithful EiwutiTf, lb* 
ItKMrt.1 M>uhtnE« of a Initiitf, bonar^bb*, ani) bbwnl pna*fl rK«LYe» lb 

fill hi C''lllll ltl,Ltl[>lt, 

Tl.,. S,MiiiM.rt, ,..•,.,►!<- in- twLiM lo thi* oa™rmr,t *f fmnmj h rntitUid tn 
ila kii'in'ilii, Aput ban lb J bf i1h itipulnttani, 

ti in iidi ■ iisPTB *n nf prdop. It i* imt a msr* iMom &r mr™ (iron La 
U4 ta RWlh* lh" phfaiph or rubiE>e]hM[B fdr Ihn* ritlifikHUhM of [ho puL 
It kt isur^llr HiMPnr Ehif CoaMtltHJoU. IT Lt hn<J I -nth 1linn»*Nxd at long 
iutTriin|[ In iii|i]>orL dF lltf C-cm»ii( Jtion, me ifciCHjM liara wHI f»rnr-r] zi- 
bul ■( li our tnh*fil*.nr*- <yuni bj Lbc Ligbnl Uttff— ami lienor *nd tfuiT, 
M ar*ll M *Hlf b*M rilettTLVv nrfpiir* Hal Mi* thoulil npfCrl, bun Laic, 
■bd ctrfnul El 

X*H *+*ti ptmji in iM Jfortfc **w#-b*» ih« f^A» or f#*ti bound 19 mp- 
p*rt il P fe* ■*■»• ar* fenml »b*v in ihrif cobhIdcI bb*| b*r 4fti 4«t»ra!wB, 
am iU nwaiM, Tb*y lUmtow if u billing Ufa* lh«B. bm« lb*r 
|i/i't*-ji-tr.l in Mmv* ibd vt* iM*titM 10 hiatal* Lt. H'tilutt^ it broken, 
Ibijr nlfc«l loiLl«lTUit uf b™vu*e tlwjr MMrE Iba4 w* will ilMfuf it. But 
lln-i" ifmh rumi.ni1rnlitnd in. Tluijr fiP*fdr to fhirik aril of tti. TIltjF 
■UinLii-il ti* rtl turn grFfll * a]ut»n(H ilurlllg IrmWiiT; nml iJr«i, ihiq? hnTB 

■ tmlniJ UH Wl||l» III fl <|l?r[l fh*llQLTri«r till 111 illfltinil TL-«t«L UJHn Ul.linrl 
llart ill llr It 4l-lUhPl> 1'l LTr-l.Tlltj' fltllL O-pprTHklll TTH4 C i tlWMlld -jn JVnTy itt, 

Wlii'ti t-h^jf Iiat 1 !' wnfinivit J* iu tim LifjliL or tlm iuh (if UWl-lJ 1 ' *t\d In tll4 
Amj of 4fl h NrilH ll tlsT "ill *» h*^" jJraiil thn-t Fn will bnok tlm banor- 
ibl* phin) it? Ii*t* 10 Uirijj Dar^wd, 

Tln-> [«*■" h^Trl^fnr* UtHltrJ our tnilrrikl nu'vuro**, »m| ihu f»*;t<it 
»ft<l mn*! fenvii of rppropjuiJD^ ibt-m, ui4 *4*n to JJntrnlTt b« *» ttffr 
nu( 'Uw»bMi kifUd* Wf w*«- qitenltMl* M Ika titHfiiaa tk«f took wi±k 
«ar r: (flu i, 

W« "r> lurt rwminltantin. W* lim lupl |}h but* «nlh all "*ha 
twaa *m r*llrtl u]mi» t*at b*e*r, Fr»t(l «iiai llriM *bo b*T* oppcvaawl 
Ha ** Imti- nifT'f brohr^i fuCau 

1 1 k I rii ■■ tli.il ni'tilta^l jiiickt La* djuwl |e> LrltVit ti iti bar ♦nmi oF th* 
riL 1 -l earr^ipt ililJ mH4 fbuaffam tlltMl, whu hmVw *nt Ltio L*w n«!^r.»; 
ud lht» b «*Bt|iUlnnl «f «lmJf ni Bi brfiwhi of tl|« rk#40t of OT", Sut 
w*i iltiHiUI bn jrnvnirtliy at njty jukc* r>ut ttrnt of (ibliviLin if wo cautii. 
p^^rtt arij- piiM&Ulwu. whwh audi nM^ltifnf Lot* irnulit tlnmnnnL «ji tho p r i<» 
oF a. Ihi*a d.111] iLi»(rnn>ftil «K14EanMicti of ihr-lr nr\mw*, 

Liberty 1a ntH ■c«pta,ble to Lb« ponril»aF tlm |«atak irllCD U li |»Uu.{«d 
with wiTiipllciii. 



20 &mtium Ili&teriMt Society JFbpT*. 

ThfM •■#■ ■■ lb* Nwih who oprp»* ttut p BHlf l8IT tBfl " r ■*■* il 
fej* Arm**** thrir wUWO, 

The Stum tlbwl (i*r »onrhi 1» ^sMmt b»»* mm***! ih*tr «il m*eis- 
nMJWti, mil no* dvfj bin thrir fore* *Fl»thuniM into It* **" o& »n 
.aflrtnlrJ cmirjlry. 

TbflJ' nhn flriirftr a* 1 Ibat eliw wIuhhi IrMcHijrjf 10 lhn« «w»i **tl»i«£ionB 
iMlmriHt ih*ltt A* * U*fl d»jr into (Iwi A-ltolllian j*Hj. 

Tllff Jokiii IhfcL f^Tiy in Lhc li*J]w *f i|<tl lUibfl ]haW« IHUl pl««, "Etcr 
th«r '" ,l1 »>"*Lnw«J upon it ths klyif of J*>nr» 1 1) •!'■ uunnbjlion of 1U |MT- 



ThfT ***■ cbllfty Demcjcmt* of th« PtiLM-ttiirhl- *ohwJ, who ■*» 
eanT(-n*d by tbe [itoihl** which bul LoH thftl p*rtr itowMtidMl^* io ^^ 
fori rn ui~nt lulo. «muoliJi[i*tttil* and HMrrtaftl*l*r 

Thff **■*% fatCVW ™™*i of *** >*M| mrii mumtowLrn ia 
»ihkn( Military in*»»; j**df«*'™»'**i ** |ll ■.■■ i bb» iUmh btAw 
li* JK**" ibm riril taw *tni~™ n i j r F M i , v»t to •**&** up» Hum 
M ln{*4 rf Uiiiknttl «Il4 df*ih. tlw^ «*H> Ifi* fiitbftll j*i!*n «f 
w. ,n. r , *r.-l bhjbj ft ntuldrtii, Pbo Wl n«dm Lb* Mtipii i*H of uerouirng 
Hferfji of l^n^L 

While blilM «ged in ether S-l*!**, Ilinf pre I* |h. country th* if beet 
(•Ifori- to »T» their UlenEi until tll« pIltrTLnfl in uf tV "i>oi]i *f ricLorv 
thpukt M^ltlTB their WTTiftW. Wheti tit* ner but *hilf>4 thef bffpm Ui* 
«*•! wark of MnllK&liou. Komn nkwunlml tfofl bflrcli i «alfl row It th" 
h&F ; pom* prartletl H.T»gt tlu: country M hu«1l*Uj with ™iliiuKi at nplH 
Ud lofofbWPi H tkulr he*U. Tlinj Kiivd *h*la**r wii valitiblft ThflJ 
99«1 *fl*rwiinJi in eourL. »nd «n*|ompml wilWt m*™y r «n*l dLvidt*l 
wHlMI ihmn* th* ip^Lb wr»t<d fr™ . fSPwhw p«pU. Th*M 
T^ourt-r* f*ilarjf P ft^ fiiimnation. |J»*J B>l«Tiiiii*l to t*Sw. lit oica of 
Ibt HMfrlry, "J, lirMl^i tk* power Ultftb* pKifil*, to*0fti«*£* Iheur 
iitUt **""i^* "** "— J -'** PtOo* th# wit. 

Tfcwa th*r bMBDU uW Bobnpitn** u4 M*rmta «f ih* »Talii<afn of 
USJ— U*Ai't lh* hM4*H)f rin udtJ i J B, who, wjUi h*tl*r» f b*4 HT«B(htd 
pobT mfii ■uipecl*d oh]) 1 of t*lP( nehi wb* Milb aBvmsnduaT »"*« 
hvl A)*d ihe bouuu of ilKpJDf f»tmiii^. Ntd nllvn dunf^ei wich bitrt 
mm, b*MUK ibvj hpni fongbi la fufLuh wbitth«r hwl bruorlj pmchwl 
JL^obPLrnaitiniiL^ Whw, wi«i »r4iwcd contempt oj tin, CoaiEitutloD, 
rml-lv Lmiu]d**t upor tba right* Hl4 pqwsni of lh* fKMt"^ S[»us« h 
whnui MJTnrHljfrity tiivy h*d i>i fartnmr fv*n doitimI tb^DUtilTH. <fowp to 
wAnMp fllna" llwien bu willed Lh«t th*Lr worki 1J11II p«tib» rftlhflF 
thm Uk^* «fljil«i* whom tkcj baVe wpriit(}H l^u*Sl»*nd. iniquity, tt*Jf 
now uollRVd .jMrthrr rtfc. Tb*7 in tto» W«Haii*HiU— •FSnally crjacoJ- 
i of vpbinil * "»*="» th* Je*^ thjl itnljlgb* tn Uwl» Jl»*rt-. *nd imp*- 
tUnttj- >iJll«( faw in appwtnaitr far urtUMi, U»*J would «w»p «.t of 



Addrtzi ef (ftncrai Johi 1, Morgan. 21 

. Ih> wbisla fkfcre rf Ik* AnifKU ijO*n rf fvrvmtiHDt r wilfa 
111 Iblrtr nin* writtrti ctHutiEEitixHu, uid would $4#fll uamn in nuu a 

niLh tmf j dipfrkj, with it* «p[Ui [g, a. fattirUJ nmp. £w£i * F l« u 
Wvhlnjlxm ClI* w«4 in lb* riflnihg bmin af [hi njrt* ywi' aw»y of 
■w»nilruiMi«Mi, wlmv • i.ignitjGan.t amy of frowni** l*(|pri***dmenrih*d 
Oongr™* Ihin-L while that wtrsMitinu^ itakLiiuy pawer w^ull triform ju 
ew» d&enee*, whiUmr inljkt b* ib* «xpr»ned will of lh* p«)p]e. 

Iji Clie Jfo-iJlb llicur inaloonton(a uLicLL hive a pnhnjjnr full string, Tb*§fr 
fsw aril q du* peculiar H> I&nthern jKiJitJCq, 

Hit (rfher caunlrj Wisld ]ilT9 prMtnCvd Llifi ospdjlloni under whicfc 
Ihflr rit>l*iK<n wm pcivitlc. 

la til* b*(Jtiairig tbej ■c*JchjbK urjp>d |ke dvittahdi of Lb* |>*Qr>]6 of 
Ifc* Heulb £h ill the uruEs that hid Led to ti* *tf of IfUl. 

Titrj did nal Mi*** tfci*t »*T ■» }4*ut>l«, ud in IfcH «flM»**d MKu- 
lit* tk*jr ««i*d k*U- 

UTImd lb* war nrprt HMl tk*£& iti tbelt fiiOenl dacaaaUfftbtft*, 4 frw 
Tcalur#id into tk*. titii cajnpaijrfi u aiurLeroujLtfi Mvd the lik*. Mm; 
took l*fug* in afrieaCtnr*, ud audi* |*M*-ofMbja rf b**F ud lwtB 
to ippw* th# drawnd* *f the «o»cripiboii. (Htnw b*£*,ii to nomar 
th*lr c>>riTic[L«i* that tb« *u iru being **fwi *L lb* mptSH af cJTll 
rijhls, 

Jt ww 1 terjr jttal mu> ihoj uid, but it wm not MtiJunlml villi mffi- 
«J*ltL cLeHaac? hjf ■omg of thft OarfeiaU th IrtnLlvn or pnraaniL ri^hti r 
Tliry irnr* ehicd^ IH*n «f W*aJLb, bill iJinp <xMii|>lniiii<<] wicU »Vi^t iJJ-.iif- 
l«ra*b4d frUl«l»LLtmt Elul it wu a J *pjdl ra*H h * W*r ml * p»rnun'i 

fl<lii," and., u tli* rJdt did n*4 *LL dnlrt Id i\^h.i t tfa* |K»f *h«il4 Dirt bo 
flowed lo flonlinuf 1h* *<™^sl*. 

W ban Ifa* bur (*n' iru- ww ended, uid pwt tf |>*tf*d 16 be UFnnd, 
Iks** *k* h*d hm|t.t ie ih* C0nf*d*r*l* etttal** uid hid rkiccd the. 
b**rtfrlL frfttUud* <pf tkrif MUBll^UtB, Iboufh lh#tr otui* km lort, 
■h»d **k|* ht t ifirit tit wJf-d™i*l, utd, to MCMrif* i briinf of usitj 
h*i***n m*n of *LL <j»dct ef ofudAAA, ifktdiW iImm rp*o to t*k* fb* 

lp*-l IH piltlliF Dift in 

Tl.rf ■ < hp,,ia,J ibn iLta*tigo r but j| ■*# « ^Mr 4n*y for roibfirj u)4 
pLuetLUr ir*r* not Ihmi tb* pefr^jMle* at eftce. 

T3in Nimlutlan of I8A7 piwnLHd rdchar mw^riU for public wrrin, and 

Wlien it fiffinrpij Ifrnm ^niploynn^nt Hn>y ^^hn noM]mi<l Elm niLuatij^, «q4 

Willi It tli n bLflpdin^ticr ci Elwir nm * rIIIil 

Wli*n Ihiil twond Wit came, wLtb politkul liHTijfiLnri and ipcikcaeii 
fSjf lU (mi enli, IblnTC*. liuTnmmi *n<t C«ifl]^fDi1laweT* (hi j|« wldjwy, *nd 
tJifi puokid ^rJHfiera af Ubfl wur of lift! and * poor and hnlplw* people. 
&ir LLk TlfltlBH, Ihaao men W*rt ftSQad ainerif tk* hifiu unpilvjnjj uid 
*$ft+-tm of *J| iJihk biwdea. Son* 6 #f lb«t« w*r* n*t.v*.«r lb* SCMlfa f 



£2 Smuihtm ffiumtet Secitig Paper*. 

other* in doI thunied hy uj ogUlj. With j*f*un*pt p***e ibtir 
lemlkm n io V They fr*bly ukd dctpjirinf Ij ubiik |ft»gf roh« with the 
^wpp olm «4 nrotulfaitH* of tn# 3erih in Hieir protnci *r*iiu* iho 
>*M4flf t*??. 

Tli* propbi of th* Xortb who ■pprar* mil ■ u|i|Hirt ihs* final ndju»t* 
men* an IhoM who MWfTIStl* *Ild fAry lb* BWlhnrllv of the ComtiLulLoji. 
Th*jr 1fii»t an tn»n with ibedr Litanle* wlio> lit Ir-aHntlon, jn, *.iiHicn*tr*- 
tki-il, In itolifj nr in jud^mntt, in n^ici; or Ln will, jjew* inltpid-* lhe Oon- 
illlbllciri 141 lliiil t]|fl »ut«* of h.i* <:LVJ1 |HSW V r«|- ill* t»hclUnitaf IlLi con- 
duct Ln |iuU1fift hIThIt^ 

Slid I i tarn F?rJ tlui pulutionk of futf-niftl r*|f*hd LlikC beni in hctiert 
faeirtk In *|| krf livtor *tf ibta nSwItilTy, ami irr iml r-^liiiivod bjr Iidm of 
Ul41>fi|r- in efcqijT-kwnjj their cordji] rt»]i*u*#, Tbry 44- hoi drtplt* Eh* 
ta <*H niw wi»r*Li|i tk* ]*t*erfuL TlW;r *> *K* beli^* rlut ihe tmnl 
■OTtb of fir* ttiilliMitof ABMricsbt bat a*M Mtlled ar*Ln»t ll*jr pr» 
ll « llfl > » lo TaHwunnd patriots low of roanlry, and c^4 B*l tbeif ri^h* 
b> b* ** u * m** \ m mfkgr of mptcA mi awlWI'tK*, by lb* £*et thmi ihcy 
fought fnw y**ft ih'1 HnJ DK fWs*: MreftmFuIEr tlurtj milli-ir,* of Anri- 
•ftna. Tb»y 4a not Where thiL aalj ltiuc irv wtfrtliy of tnut who 
belonged l« tin- lirtorMMU jww*r, 

Willi ■ tipparfen tike tb«e, the country n*d4 n."!- fcftf lllhl frt*£* *hd 
mound I im Ion, wilt nut iVidft in th« lflHi 

[ turn n»W lo tltbM In []tc Sculli wliti kU|h|4irt t||h Jjml Wflirk, Ulld. I 
*IH r-ndnaWir to r>1*hLi*h Ibn pFfi[k»Ltinil tJi-it (1m>' wMI abltl? bv ii wiib 

Bill- l.iy. .rid itmh»!dln iL witb lienor iinJ jfaL 

I fchnW Lhat iJiitnlil u ready la tnr*[ □* «1 tliH i3iwip*f ?BH*J? KB hOTMtl 
hurl, tlnl piHimi and prejudice «r* nel Jpel exHhfnJibilled w rwnoTed 
mil mind; tfa^t ttiOerenoH of Dpiiium yrt e^Jit *nv>T*ir*t (h, |ht 
j<n of whkrb wdlk the- hdtivrBm ntJ Jn U o tfa ne o of fbtmet Htift, 

T* f*p| lb*l ihrktdiriratl n 1»[ detene>l t>y lbe peop3# of tfae^oalh, 
b m i H lb#y acted with good txmsditac* Htd. vilhirqit kbj «i»iii*! iutettt 
■t parpa«# in tb*iT p**t «ntro»#r^ wj|h ih* S**f b. 

If ■»• |»i» tuiw rjwl in pan *i\'\ nn»B<ilui1lciB up<Hi tbe bntd am- 
BBHkini, nuliulljr iceepted, that the ir*» wjj not a et in*, k* Mfd not 
in*V»Lr* wbfl. wiu eljht c* who w«j wrrjn(, S*f riiNrl «# «BrtFB OttT- 
h!*i" wIi"[1it (lie otic sUte Or !bi* litJi-r ri'Hin* tin' ■• :1 1 .— niBinoriw at 
tb»- wat y> 1 1 hi Ibi' (frejler tcmcily. Conlmvenleh lmtnprn Statej dtb not 
ca|'nli]p dT bninfi jtilju^L^rl liy Tuferenca 4olal^ Id ihn lempiir df mind 
wbifl" ni*^ luflw^nc* tv^ri » wnj-fiTLtp of did p*4|il*. 

]'n»m' "Hiulil in.'-L-nr 1'^Iu.it m:v wiw IT It ™ubl imU t» t?ptabliibed ift*lf 
thfl |hki|(Im IiiJ fmTfottus w hnd kamh! lo i;]inrlilL tknjr bitter •nimrjii' 



Addnsi of General John T* Morgan. 23 

tt'hrn thfl Kiitm of WHT ilTWHUTfld, LL LI a tt'iTOa 111 Mi/ pooplfl to TflEu*"- 

to ni*Vc pww*. 

1L it due to the Prtaiile^t of (he UjtLLod ^La^.k, who ]|*S iisftu^nnitcJ 
[Lis n^LorritEoa oF tho ConAtiEutipn, and to (]vg j*>]ik' of (]i£ North who 
itipnoTl him in rJii:, (kilnv. and [tit but juntafcb loduiaelvM, Lhat woilnwild 
be aUe to unr« th«ra, (hut on our pan, vro LnUnL-J to k«cp EhLi pwuso 
iTtv-i<j]o.L<j. 

TJhL) iu MiMi-cif n llj.' rxEabliihrd. Ivy tbo foot 1|mt wo hfl-YG Jl* S'riiiLivd (of 
rthj- DClirr Eini^of raiulueE, Jnnl this fact iw dmnohoEralftd Trb*u tfc turn 
to thf C*jn*lilu<iQn of I la* United SLultv, miii find Lbat LL prated* fvny 
right Illative claim ^ LliaE it ii now rieon^nisod n*. Llif, tupremo IflM 1 , *lid 
tbaE Ihnao Lrs jiawir PMf^C-t th«i r oaths I* 4Up>]>urt DitJ okrnj- LL. WbaE- 
furttiCT hhVG tT* (O- n^h. or dMaNST Bui (HI claims u|Kin the contuHcnoo at 
tbo couniry rc*E- on higlmr jfTouridi 4hn.ii oar jhimqahI intCT&jts.. 

El ia -net uvcry pl**fcill £ duty to ATgliO w»]| ponLrbhoi li«v *r 4 iLriinE*T> t lit 
fftCta asid LlvducJlonx irlilch eIiouEc! juitifr or ^naonTojjo him. in tho *OI*fl- 
den™ lltnl yau mtan to d**] Jionwlfjr *n*( ju*l|y with UlU. HuL our ace- 
Iknn,] Hlnbgamcnt lift* W ]oisg txbted, and lius od-jji aLEcndcd wiLh such 
UMMnkLjr VHilpunuion in all nuirE?H r Eh»t LhdMi who di^i™ Ltut a bofler 
feeling KhDuiil bo fnam M^oii,, might carefully to remove any jtOwiTilo Ait- 
trumt whirfL may r*tW(l tins res-UH-aLbfUt or mutual confidence Finij pioii 
will Eh Hriiiig Lliitj Tb4l-ri'i)if i L - gflint-^t kijr uiicandid pratcxLnlians of .'ilFfQ- 
llokilEe rcgahlf or bj conc.'iLiii}; Iha ufiiniiiniK mid *?n.EJHi,ent$ w]||^h WO 
JibnfsEly rnErrliii!. It iis ppotftWe tJiiH- T»9 *]mll livnj iftjjelh*r ■ great 
rn*ny j^n™— I (TU*t it IGt-V. ht <*n4utiM r Hh(l (lir^Las Lluvr iuti'nnct«, «X) 
KhiiLI lt/HVirri* ll'iOnl 9.Lcvn^]^ nltnchtil by El« dF CGirtmoii iTLtflr^jj. 

It would wiem ta bfl imr>wiib]o !o EVtHWJl-Cfiiro Ibe |jrtc:M frlfiicEsbrth^ 
war of l££] upon 1he C&nilLcullOB of Llic OTuntrj-, and it i* absurd to 
BAkiitlte 1Mm[ ruij - cliftngc in Elm orjjanf^ l*vr niu <iffcrtrf twyoncl Lbst etl 
Jbrth in 1hcnd n.iji*nifEn(wiK# (Jmt hftVS b**h (LsMeJ lo il. So Eluit wo 
kni'ivf t\i]Jj rli-0 rvtitlLi of tba vrnr u[>on our Gov«rnpiniit. 

TJit ataEf* dF Elm South lifLfo »dopH>^ tho tliiTttK'Iitli umeuilnieiiE. an-I 
linvi- i.(r(-|.ii,hf:t tilt: FoutU'i'ilIJi and fiTLe^nLb niucntlmcntt. Thi^e fll* i. 
p*tt of (ht CarjjtitDLidn. Wc: -dsri not titer- (hr-Tti or fpjffOYC tb*hi, but 
ffo ]mTtf bound. fldTWtvc* fiiltecLkrly U S?a[«L and in ttur SLntc Coiulitu. 
(Jaa.*i (W ^t'll nn 07 ErtuLEi|>1ied ofilhs takc-u on Jili ]KiwLhlfl o^cn^to-ni, by 
OUT [»o|i9i> iiidLviduilljri Ed pupport aiuI olwy tli-w* *lB«irdmeii» » part* 
*r (He CojiAlLtniian of 4he UniLod fiwtSJ. W^ C4I] Jo no- more cxnnpt ta 

livo up to our pjwlgo*. 

Wo JTkld^d! Lh Mhdc of our StMtn CorihtLtntwiH, tllfl right of HrtOMuOn. 
Thiis m*6 ht>i required of la, *nn w# «ITKnd9r*d Lt P DrdaUH If* nupposcd 
tliO KoiEliEin Stilts w^'.ild rtcninnu it. ThiiL was claiiucd (a ho An iuuo 
inrched in tll-Q w«r. Soino of thoto who, fought Eho hardest »ttd ]0n£f4l 



£4 SavtArrji iti&orintf Society J**]m. 



oUcluwl lh*l iHLi doetfin* w*i lb* cuutaF tit* war.4nd ■**. *f nont. 
Lb* ckit*el «f th*lt JBMt irtttw* h*!*, 

ll w*» Ih* Lmnaf-diile cia** of bcMtilitie*. in Ihi* ftwin In whn?h ih*J 
war* ap*n*<:l, And ualm tfa* .Soulh bml b*IL*¥*d In lh# rignt of kCwIh 
al «lt Munthl »1*ffl«n t of SuttHwpMftll ty, il li m^il tikuLf thai nt 
httlM tfiOl iiBTii rnmrd b^irecn ilia 5litn. It would barn b*i*u nmr 
IreLwrmii I lie |iMijhl**, nit J wf phould h-art' hail iiimri'li) TiLJiin tL-n Sl*lw. 
If Lhr mm* rnimlH*rnf mnjn, th»t wnre nnjj»jr«l Lq tilt WIT uf 1SB<I ll*d 
fought will* Lin.' Mt»r yl#or, linger |»ftrtljArt t"*r|nr»|d|i mnl atgnniiaLJQn, 
Uiil Jn*l tmd*r the H-Lilc DrganiEaLium, innrr-li) tviwiIiI have- ivijjurd 
LhmugliiMiL llii 1 tviuiiLry. 

Ti# AtaJihhlfteM of »Li<r«]y w-wld Jnw r*>i|Et*d Ell 1b* «koLiibtn*tai of 
&*1* Itofrrniinrn L» i in Ihr d^Irturtron ■:■* '■ !-•■ I ' inon Inland all Hi* now or 
at iwtontMMi: and Lbt HMJoTMiiaw of R*|mblinan Clo¥#n»a«Jt*B th« 

Th* p«i|J» or the L'nited iHila nuil abandon lb* id** that war u to 
to a rnudf £w any thw or omtpatkifi., ar tbejr murt rp»pkn li* doe- 

tfinf (hut li ii bm. *h*tb*t right or *PO«f, <imntU*iti«nl at anc6H»t:- 
Lm IhmmI. If war miirt com*. tbit il ifaauld b* totWorti Stataa u orjani- 
■MJon*, Arid not (jTnlrr«intffll ef p*fii**ii |i**d*r* nwrtlT, 

For Da* halt at a ccninr? Heilrahar fumi-lunl u* with t*ad hlntarical 
IwiMif ct ttiii prd|KMj|ion. 

Thti *mLli*rn £tatc* Lit an«y<nii *?1i«i(«i4v to Mll>fy Ibe p^fto of tb? 

NarLli ttiaE [ltry iii trndfd la rtioaljL fornVor At p*lc«. Mil UiCh»i-lire« *fT r 
by «n"iHmton»l pronrbtcnh from il] ■»«*• lo lb» ran*ni «f makLog war 
nl-of ilrfandinjr Llirrmrlvei bj- In^ful MnUUKM fc* «T((*nU«l I>«dl4«. 

If tli*jf flght Jif*in, it mu't be with hn)l*rs Bimind tbciir bvrk^. Tbitf 
b«v* C i*rti ibrit |dnlETH. a&4 aV|Li-M»d La*Jr bulAfM la ke«p Ihr peut 
Tfcfl SoTthfin #!*!« hare swe|4e<l th*(B. t«fl lh*<f h**« fir** noUbJnd| 
in fwlivn i* Uwl ib*ia to lik* ooddiiion*. 

Tbvji •» fr**> wad b*** |)«T*d tb^mwlTM w l**lj diltffnl lo pr«*H-f « 
Lkair Mala Coatf Ltaliofn unci lb* Fffltril ruftitituli^n fr*# front aaj pro. 
f itWh* Ib-tl tn*.¥ hMH^r th«[r fuloj* aclioa. 

th,* hi*toriiT» wbe maj hrftrnftHr narntJ.r Lhtt pmiJiar condition of tlin 
Sititit* will b* ailODiibrd to ftnd that* *r*il war.fou«ht h a* it <iEiiinrd h t* 
tld*Lhh/ Lit* IrrftMinatitp dmtrttiE- of iccewltui, ■hniihl btt* dwl wttlimit 
■ny B^|mtrltl iirt|irf wii.HI bein^ left upon tha CintHmtLmi rfilatln^ la thai 
iuljfiil, whiLn llin- nbulilian of *JaV*ry, wllith "M n|»lni^l not lo liava 
tMill tht> pjr|X)*r tt 111? waf T but a morn JnoLilanL ft ibu h-Mlihtio* — a 
hhhui; w*r tnrmurt— t*ae provided for in thn<» lalninn *m.rndni*aUl. 
Il I* forth* N^rlh tg ui<mr oit tliii ^itnatimt, Jim KhuIIl ituu readf 
U f>lac* a ^UlrdU UJWII 1ti«-qu«t:oni a» lb* Kotth. *a» t# cl^nkfld Lt. Bui 
■I ru bfll opiaatidtd. TlkAW who beraafler quirrfl «ilb lb* d«t*in* of 



Address of Gtmcwrf John T. Morgan, 25 

B(nHMr-\<>i\ ti'iUil tjhnnrE] With the i'drlb, whore it «u Arab au4irt#d! a* * 
right a J the £lat«4 F and not with iba Southern StatM that hrtVii »utten- 
der*d It, 

The -Sou I'd l* willing to tru«l [Tin N'orth an tlm nutation. Our LnCOU- 
pirabEr pbyricoj j;oo(r»|rriy 7 giTinfj u* the wprid-wifto monopoly of the 
battel fiHMvth, out w*L th*ti» caparjln of t«M*Ening & larger proportinniiie. 
population (-hull China or India, our Inviting -climate, our cochnunLL-u 
QiinsraLj, Turjiiah ui with avtry ivjouren- of notionaL vr<-n.llh it)d powox, 

T,V*,ih±U not bo Jmpov-orwh-ed.if any of tn* State* ahaLL find an o»m- 
«i*tiOn "lib ui id Lho i'l-deri.! Union lno0di|>nlible with th^r mU r *Tt aOT 
their moral tenMhiEilLni and ihnuld pre Far to pa in ricMCP. W-n nhnL| not 
vrirtb U> withdraw. Tho -Eoeptre of flTGnHh *ud power 1* again Within, -our 

groat*. 

The enfnrnchixnrnmt of 4bo ncfjrohu added w rnatcrinity [j-j Dur politl- 
«J pow-er tint- wo h*vo owmed to few thut w* aha|| b$ huff<si*d about *t 
the. will of ad*spoLia rC 4^-ty P*i*er In lli» tdiinln,'. 

Fulhful to the Ganalalution, wd wiLL i«i thHl it ii oheyttd in letter and 
aplrit in tb« South, ft nd s4 we will consolidate, our power, and it* imnrog- 
nabta citadel ef itreaglh TvilL be in lbs hearts of ear people of all roe** 
Mid condition*. 

Tho** who few that we will oppr*» (ho frw negroe*, do potmider- 

fctnnd eHher our feeling* or our in-ter*a(4. Omit intereit Ln ibivary wu 
n-OveT to great ** oar inmost in out pflav^O*, A ad nuw that they are tree. 
Our concern for their |Ktaajia] Welfare. It naturally gPOB-K-r than it in for 
th^ir political promotion. We desire to benefit ih^nl phMtlc*LLy, Wo 
did DOt Snilave thom. If their ornJftTomon t w**a Kin, Lt i* not at out 
door. They were brought Kmu BEarOe, lit'l from **]ftvo country; and. 
chiefly, by Northern *]avo-djfinlen_ 

Few Somthttu ey« ever wltn***od tho honor* of tho raiddlo pasj^gfij 
and f-r-Yrer Southern p-hini ever sailed ia the fclaPo- trade. 

Tl'o li6-*<i I^Ot Fidrl^d a H^iiiob? Co iYia dirknui at LheLf aatlve btw- 
t*ri»m. O-ji the tOntrir^V w& LaVO Uitd Lho <Mxlf undc-T which they W6M 
bnjfn i thi>*yjitrirn e-T tawi adoptMl LnitinclLveLy bjr their IilLfrs H *H *y*' 
tMO* eJ lirnrveilfrd ]ftw have bosn udopUd hy *H r*c*H oF mm; and ivt 
have added. h> it, in their gave rn men t, lh^ teTtoleJ kw which contain! 
dtfttute* adapted to SUdh pwfitft, Wa have thui educated and entiflht 
en*d them until (hey totJipht? ftvoraWy in axitutl knDwltdgc. with many 
civilized and chrintimiijwt ucopScti ; unLiL Our OWU ryrethnjn bivvci thought 
thorn worthy to ho hnl in Aitchcrity nver the people who hira h«firi tboir 
Only traelicrd. 

We belioi-e I hat an a body of people tSuiy ar* d«Bfl*nt in tho faculties 
which comprise iho porfer to jravrin vriLh liidofn end fe-letyi in tint 
hijhwt fotia of oiviHt«4 govern mint, th» con«MtntJDQil npullLc of tbe 



&p*fiknt Historical Soeirfy I'«j- - . 

Uail*d H*aJl4r*i bul lfc.tr art fellj MJ'T i(* t ln i n lWfH u4 it »» ta pur 
iRl#f#l. uul In full monliiHv with **tt MfM, thtl lb*}" ibtrtJd «io to. 

Til*! 1 c*i5 ji*hTi-ripni<" with latfrtr in tha ri*clrtraJ Frim-hi^r, arr:L wbta 6eA 
14 lb* tfnuhjnw of I tir it ■** n fa** will*, Ihfjr will (Id Ih'iatelre* and (he 
country Jtj*tk». Al all r-irmUj *b <i«in< fitjlipl 19 ■urnnjdflf Ifa* jraliti^ 
cil |uw«r I hat d4in+iii3.i u|Kin tbcir right of »UfTfnJ», 

Tll-n**" |')m1h PtafclrltPl* M*f-ra to iliaiidiiw wltli furElmr ar^nmtint M Id 
Iri* fltr-limN of '"it ■■»!.]■• faflil&fl wjlh our jkTC*d||L tf|rttii*l« to tli-n Unilcd 
Slaloi., arid of 4iur faith in Hie futtltr ^rfti^rLt^ flf Ills StMJth, 

Tl|«»M?i||]l llljlll^r poaadi u|»n wlilcli tttf fad tUnl *«t ar* jilitiy 
friUtJr*! 1** ^[ihip- rtihfi<h>si.<>0. md. ia rri^ivf nmS-it-rie*. wrinn ft uint 
our lhl"iitmlt Id- nWuV t.y Lin: dreinOh* wJkh-h •»(* Hi* WHtlt of lb* *", 

I i*r<r TcrtiBdN-rtlT 14 Hi* rtiai-*<(*f of tl|n Aiu-t3c*t* |>*qjjI*, which,, 
■ferf all, ii lb* TJUl |«w*TDf Ihr jcOTrrTifcnnni^ hmI thr fey od* lias a* 
Bstrj ln>|*4( |||# futiif*- Qar partfriuLtnl iHin Ibil ctunrlrr. »&<i 
took:* w i ", a* fliJfid Id twtb* tf S4*ljij fe* lb* aaaintananca. of jmLofr 
ta**nU lb* r^apl* ral tfcfl Slam. 

It tMlbi ar* ruH tufB>i*n.t Id bold a far* pnof l» la lb* Iht* of ddtf. 
Hath in); I Ki >.r .* ^ftijitptll with ILWnj ttlLI «**r *P"nirr IfcLi *ihL 

liV»iJLu,it I'.iiilliWceuiii (brfereiininif* *IMtfl14«l lb* |*ft|d*' 1&* fOTflm- 
EaGnt i-»nn r>i hn lnng reid i ulai hikI. 

So rouii I ry rth Iw ifi Utph*|i|^ u that «rh«M ***ry in mi IopI* I rml «™rj 
otlH'C iiimi tv|i*i iiiny o]»|i«t hint in IpLi fHjlill**! o|iihiois», k *lr*itoTto 
lliLa MLin try, Hi ir ii ii I i iiih-f, 1 |j<* [il , g]i]l , i ncl In* (I ni lor pronl EliFitahiriiE. i*e-m 
io he parHpnllprJ hj- "Brh IlidllilliiO; hyl lliv iij.iiilhiiI n r«ull If fhl»iiiK{ h 
■Il4 llNr>1nhnl lir luirful uLlmriL^, it i» |^MVifilll>- U«W|itMl, ■nd |]^|>*0]t1« 
fc**uinr llicir woi3l«tl ft irndKbip. 

An illuilfftlkw **' feritUlicl, in the *rMil< with whi-rb Lbii jnaf- 
hflR, vt Ihr Irrr of lb* propta for ihrif rainf? •Pi4 <1* ImVitHU-Mi* "id 
Jot ravfa iHWi, ri*io([ akcn* ibrir »f>r4 'for #njr tain ot aaf P*T|T. QT 
uijlKtAf #xc«f4 Ik* «rin*B G«n*li^«Lioa nil <b« Ur w fnlnd fcf 
[ffiliDiAt* inlliui'ilT. ihwt »Ji*ut4 *(iiHi* inla uIhm» lbo»» *h [rviac* 
Ul* t Q t,nr of Ear praplr of Efae Wuftlty. 

fn Ihli f rml miller of lb* It^*i.J>rti*L «l««tkli, ihf L*rtlWft*t* of tJl* 

Houlh Ariel llhV It hii>l«7 (DUTltrjF felt lltfct thrjf hul b*"*ll » ifEimi |m| UlJ 

b«t»)rr<t liv ■ fnlw confidi-nae npoi«il Itl 1hn HH>H |in|wrl»nl Iricuail 
*liick liki «xI»(inI In Ihin-powptry ifcrt* TZ^7 | and irhlln mlllionR flf Ui«na 
Wi*»fl(l, ninl *LiLL beitfiVO, (li*l it* JMiiijjmi2.iH mil * Inoro *«]iiT*4«ifl-T» *r 
l^klliuli InJiHtlnp, yri tbit judf men!. ?nn*«l fer ]nw intil admil Le<t *f llo 
a|i]H«al, and ili^y p-Wyei il. 'j'liejf »rai>arUjd to Irwik lo EheSr b-wfel 
|l|j¥.ll fill 1 1 1 1 | jL li4.tra.tVd* at Lbo balloL^Uax, a.|»4 to prorido agaLnftl Iti 

]| mm fh]-tt1<h| nt il»f |>«Ofild in Ih* ,S*ulU thbt, 1h*«ijh lb* ■.IliaUM 
** l>r«a0cTBJ> ib ih* Kotib *Bd Weal, lb*J WHI4 ***li M> avenga Eb*m- 



Addrtts vf Grftrral Jvhi T. Morgan. 



ache* fat th* loan and juG«rinp of Uba put if dfaggfnf l&a eaoatrf 
ifeta civil ill, 

WbptB ■■" tUMpfoiMtd tb«K 14 whom " the arfapfe in (Mbrr Id th* 
thought" UIhJ raftw«t to nuke or loratfer vir lo «al4bL;ih n pmidantMil 
mtm iiiifliii, ihtij taunied at with ± wui of ipirit and >l«nM our bouted 
chlfttlrjr, Th*jf ilivvld hire known [hat whalerer of btood our peopLo 
bavo ►hfd h or may liara- lo ibed r on quottiona of eohtro*-nri.jr witli tbrir 
bMihrcn, ik tajimwrated to I Ik* c*«»o of th* Oen»LL!u 1 Uin or their country. 

Jftlthcr mtlle*, not ttvcngt, nor Inn of powen nar owhi any wrung or 
jmuli, however grlt^oua, fat which ilm CanaLJiuiinB «nd La it a afford a 
remrdy 1tm urntil up, or ttLI I ever ciuu u* 4«i 1 >| n< ji nur villi, or tlrnirj. 

in tmj c£«uvt*»*j with our TjraUtren. Um * fattl bio*., al mod at that 
iulfMMnl, whkh no ether dmbi e*is nw*l *r ittrnr, wtU hhtpt find our 
juMrU KAWMk tot HwaUucDt, n&r our imu too ff«b]a to UrJke ifl it* 

dhuVflOB. 

Tfe* RW) «r» *a**d 1bf Uod frost b Wnjili ri in til?, Waiw lb* Gam 

JtHul^n, 5h.nfu.fhi .n irnun j^tiw tiotatcd, mi nH tc'.a.n Ujrond :.•.* rrinfh 
of a p-rweful [idikI;, in the umf mho in 144 1 altd-popked 14 ivfpSj- [ho 
1*om4/ •f •'tn*4 r**!*laB« ifurut thaaa viva eytUi"*d lhdr right*, tail 
d*cL*wd than* h*> DfiJ th* pat* of the CaaitiLutioA, 

Hwft.Jp of t h ill BHn fat tin, Hid tbtir MHl", who War* Hi tte children Ln 
166 L, haYa taken lha pLicM of their heroic dmut, with no! ■ racavney in 
the tiilIci lo lelL lint anr one tthb loal. It U a nnilAH,* to luppoau that 
they pt# numnrietlly »**pt, nr tbat !li»y "-ta hrafcon In iijtlrle. 

Thot* ItDioM of * ltiouMiii4 ^(tIo-HhLiIf, w)n»n vn-y «tn.vM »r* hut 
tn',vi|,,| r|in jHifor of rtoofnlLurn-i nr* *LL raplnco*! t*i iri ni"ii juit »ucb u 
tity win] mm whg have na biub-trooDc^ptionior Lonnr uid glory cIlul 
10 ■L1I4. (.u H*o pt 41* Ju*t ttKb *i th^y »*« ; m*n "be i^l Hum ihr gtmv* 
«T*Vrrj OonftJrrirl* wl'Ii*Tcoiit»iiii ibe i#b« of m [ml not iho** memory 
it I. turr<i \*-f try — r*lh*n ind *on>, ibty ire lit* *ud* S# B «hht liimt 

Ta w yi-LH\/(ri ivn, how-ercr. »rt boI utiiuLIt lo ut fcfiwi Ml inn of 
Drawjn, «3U«f4 f bat th*y bad b*a?la Ift t*f * thwif * vbvnbl* blbtfl 4*4 
Ihoemia whurb lb«f npooHtl: tb«r bratlur*, antl lb* country misma 
bcBiirtt *m batliod wilb the outpouring of tJidir bluodl. 

Tim frmtaiDrt af lb* !i>n*tLtutiiw, »*■«»■ cftbdri ng tltat it* nWvt Important 
F rlnci|ilei w*r« born «f Aagto^iXon rtbollitm nam ml rnyal powarn and 
-Ulat Hl*lnaar ^ndj oanHi«tHoii ||*4 t4T> OiWli ThM n lb* ImJ^ei af ■ nobila 
tlLfcrl) riliHN'i, fHi4edl«J ibo children af ruh^h B^iinaL c^nifl«(ation and 
their hl«4><J n H aiint atLnindiDr by puitivd proviijgiK ijf tile Grannie law. 

lltm juauHina; l« Iho *riihlb of tb« (KAl (nun whn nrJaincd thia Cbn, 
•tlUiilna ia ttlUt UhWoTtby prejudice Wbich waulU vial t u[.r>ti IbaefaildTwn, 
•fall Ibtn BB-born, the penaltica wbich hare L*ab dtnnuBOed a^ainji 



£8 Southern Historical Society FAjperi. 

th*lr f-Mhw*. Tno AiBurican |wop(a caemot dishonor thflnMolvw by th* 
m»uri^m<?lU or titration of a FociLn^ 10 univortbyn 

Thw* jftfuitg men Imve not boon uughl to hut* tho G&YOrnm.onl of the 
IJntte-iJ zU>tei F but they have been Eiugbt Ld liald i\ r-ncinicm to. their 
country cWo «ho tiBjii^lo upon *n*t &purn 3(4 Coital it uHon after hwirj 
bson *wotn 1* I'MuJi-d Li. 

Hut Few of those remain Tcba bul pu&rd Iba meridian dF lift in 3B41 4 
Thry jts tottering ttong th* *te*p dceliiftti<* of life, wiihoiit pu.T*o or 
tcrip> looking hop*fullv talfatui* wliciu u«ice n otvni«L, Ind rwlinj 
L]i*( ibe work of lift: hu bfuin fi L t Ji T ii 1 1 ;,- inoiimptir-iti^d. The boaier and 

rw^neic* bostowool upon th*?m. by Iho ]>eopl* or t-Ha South eorapoTtMtte* 
tbetil for (He ihiivatiC'iiE mad baxdnbipi wliiob followed the Mftrificee lljL-y 
jfiirio of »tl thfrir wealth utd Lnfl-uenoo to (he ciwiso tlhst coiumMidod 
lh*lr- biHtiftgfc. 

The Faldien of the Oftnfcdenej uro noir, bh tlicj bnve been ilnee- l>if>3, 
lb« reprf+«n<»tirr men of tho Kautfr. Tho-io who would OQinnrohoDd tho 
pwplo of the South must know tltera ftnd their ohildire-n. 

Whon l *pp<lc of iho eolrtlsra of tho Confederftop u repreunUtire 
men, E do IVOt ttKwi thii". tlu-y bare HOuglLt ur received retain il ion u 
(he- oflicinl d]«rotilj, of tor opinion* of (he people, Dofcrcnc* to tho 
opinion* of their fr^nd* in ottlffTM«4l<!IU,*nd A ju»t regard for ill* polioy 
iliti *M tliOujjLt to be the ttlkiI in ibo rcitomtLon dJ pence, oanSdencq 
•nil composure !a [bp country, W\ th*t*l |0 d«lill* Mljf UD*V«s4eJibl# fart 
in IJlc- public councila. 

3-nme patitioi#na in thg, South *llO drTyjiBded thai Ui-oy -thoilUl Ufcfc 
Hf b*ck S**la,"' and Ibey look thern obwriiiLly. until Ibo poople required 
tkein ia Dome to 4ho front, 

Writh^r do t (fxelgdfl fenm ik« honoh\bl* titls Of Conf*del(*lo I4tdlfi» 
th-f- rr.i'ii :un| ninnn'n wlio> JeyotcJ IhvniiU'lv?!. tbiouq;b tbeir jympaLhi«, 
pray-OM, l(ibof», W*rili».t, *atl t\iiCru\ii^ t mjlJ grwo tiitir propeiiy, ooni. 
fot-l, and «M*Li:!a toil to tho cime of Ibo CimfnderMf . 

■Tiw hpno™ oF tho battt^-ftptE] won by th*ir *oktt«r» *to not * mora 
prwou? T*miinibr*nM to tlni peoplo of tltt ^Outk Ibnn tlic lioroic- *!lto> 
tL-iih ftnd nuffeiLngr of their raotlLura, uliLur*, rmJ wlvfii. WlLiUiT<nr mp.y 
be 1]lc judjpu^nt al tho** who yet !i-vo «ni<bii tli« lingering jhtdows of 
ib»t jmt 6truggl*, h Utnth litlilte. Will never find, in the hietorj of ill tlift 
g*>n*r»(ionf put pmri Lo eomr n bLc;hcT or Tnoin icorthy nam pki oF pifriot- 
iw *tid 4*crlfleitl (torotLon ihtn <ni fui-ubked. va Id Ihe ooaduot of th* 
women Of the CohlrJerac}-. 

Womnn uniiDt eiBcou?, wilb lior aouI'h d*fiji+±t and trupi' (irvotLmi, k 
cauw tint is not jmt H.Ttd| hoivwftWo. If B |)« olojtU th* muh in whiob 
hnr hiiihnnd or Mil tuffer* Ot in Losl h litr b*rt*M*ment htA lWi bOlltldh It 
i* ini^ory without oomotilion. Fbiloiophy, or religion dt«q. ncTonli nO 
ba-kci for the Troundod ipirit. 



Addns* of General John T. Morgan. 29 

The Confederate came had * plaCO i^ thfl hf*rts of the women of ih* 
South, where iia doubt, eouJd llud a loJeHieivt. When thp d*iwt ii*j 
if er* WT-gird in thii£hu#Q 0»y «i Hm-mI the- bcreaToaie lit -in i*LL*nt, ati- 
flOmpL*Lltinj grifiF, f«di.ng mil*in<!*t by th» pu-mt nnd liigliml TnaliT«,. 
ju tlivjr (x>rs U|wm their blwiding heart* * ricli *KrLFu;a of love to tha 
|]lin of llitir DOlinLry. 

For Eho umo usaMJUa that inspired our *oLdicn p tha wtvci and mcHhulhi 
of theeountry wow ru willing to give their loved on** to (heir country 
iu (hey rtcre I* die in i t* ncrrLcov 

TV hen [Tic- ua,(lU> V»uA over, and ih$ faLthnil and true anc Ton- loH to hid 
loved one* »l banae> the Lift of tile bmtwnd ami tbn low or the wife. 
Mended In n wogt Lncanae of fre&oEltarLng, ««eEi<Jrfd together to Ho*von, 

DLd not yotij Hiy oOTHrad-ps, *Ct worthily,. According Ed yOUr hKmt 9inc*re 
and Kdcmn i^nw of duty, ^heil you entered the field lo BiiiLiiii cotitj*. 
tionA And defend righiji which were thus, fell aikd understood by the 
mot3n:rj. Wator and d*Hgh.tera tfl l-ha bud? 

W*4 rot [heir honOJ h their future W$ ifftTC, Ibflir iftfety apiin4t iff]il 
whifh Wenied Co threaten tho sic-red tbirigr- Of your fowie circlca [be 
deciaiT* LaftiUhofr which e*lled you to arm tor the defence of your 0*UB- 

Hot * wtBi-b thought of pWKUiel Rgajandii^raent inBueDC^ you, rot 
1 douht drtturbed year rcflectiona u to the Utfiu of tha eoritrOTOTry th*fr 
commanded yottr deTOtion. 

No- lingering apprthcaijioTii of raiitaJcc-n duty hunjj upon your raiolu- 
tiDD to impede your- progree*, or to cmuo you V? W<er in jour court*, 

TJ nd<ir the fiusda of your own conyielidrji, aftftr li nvin g Te-ltec Lrd cnnlurcty 
Mid Tfltftd. "tth (m»isttr*in&d froodam, you fc]t Uiii tbu b»LU)t-boK CO«3d 
tadl prntiot fOtiV riglitt, And you jgT*JJ>«n1 your T-jiUzAkfiL 

ToU dtood -mi th# defelniT-o, iVwIinj; Ibii y<iu hud na rmponftibilLtiDi 
then h or in the punt, for [h& tpiril of 8-flgnvnlon whieh bad «oi tt«o]f to 
ih;> abciluhin b of lUvary. TL1L1 you beLievwd would OT*i* helm [ho South 
with ruln t degT*da it to » palitual T»«iJBgi^ depmr-o il to m »ci*l poti- 
lion wbiah you 4«uL{JI nob oontompUto without ibhoTronea, 

When th«y ]«Ft their hoiUH to joLu the army, whether their feet 

prmwd for tbe iMt timo Eho marble tbrsiboLd of pmlmioa of tbn rude 
door-sill *f * Lobj onbin, tho- wldiepj of tho- Confederacy w^nt forth with 
equal ilicriLj-. Thoii jyutp****, h«pei r *rjd reeoJvea *ftr* the name. 
Tb(ir s*u«] ttaii oiifl, and TfLthout *nj diitLnclLoiu or jc*Jdithc-i tbty 
Tiniled. in iu dflfonoej i»o«d out their blood in a common li-b*(Jon 
beneath ita bannensf fell aide by tldo; their tain* rai-nglo In umtLsiin- 
guiifaabLn brotberhood, and their fame ia one common tagacy to their 
oonnlrj, 

Wfl worfl unjuit or diapungtng miaropTtsnntntLnji wix m(?r made tKan 
that which Imputed to tbe BOD-flhvebol'rtar*, or the poor man of tho 



30 Southern Hisiwittil S&riety Papers. 

Soulb, rtdnetiincc in fightinE its hfttllM. It «tl SllO baso nu£(pw.tLon of 
cowudly dtulOgOgtfe?, who. nvoinErd tSie GfcKb Vrhfrr* GoaifidenlW UtlYeld 
were being won, Atid NHlfilll 1* *top Uio wax before public dpinbdai woutl 
corv.pf] r.hrm la dghl. 

Tiny hoped to in Huerace the |X4]»1« -of th-0 ScntW to wiHidtftw Llwir 
trmief. and <:-p?od not [UftiLch ilir-y iljoidil ltivn the men nhnndonc-d on 
the fields who^G*<r winning honors ^i? thn South, Ibat mere than ami- 
ptn.fft.ted Jtti tJuitr suffertrip. 

Thii false accusation mali^ni- tho true people of (lie South, U p*nrtr(o 
lhat living tru(h h which lllinw liko » *Uw in tbn; ni£bt of ^nfcr, thai ihf± 
Southern soldier Look ujn urns* for no other motive and For no other 
Inducement Ihnn to dafead a oftUnl-rji' thftl lift loved, Hint A *Su*e that 
oammmidied the Iknbonght »tln[ii(inc* of hu heart. 

21 a nrn have. ever exhibited, In their ffdthful wrvjed and ftwtitudo, a 
higher (li-jTrniH of proof that theiT hernia ffw» ill * cause th*n th«& ^fhe 
were catted the ''poor trir-n of iba South.'' 'L'hcy vrere in norrapet L poof, 
though by cDrnpBrbori with OillOT* they wero not risb Ln tho thine* which 
cave ni4n from baneat toLL 

In spirit, ill JepoioVn-cnj, honeflL nn]f Appreciation, in ElLcir lineage^ rind 
in praud cinltnlien of serniment thoy had ri^he*, i ohf rHvil fram tbe-ir 
fathom, whicli tlie p*frple of Amend have v»LiM)d eu rdujra all prion. 

In the heraldry of their linenge- the wan) of tllC Re/vollttion, tfie war 
of tfcf l-i and the: war with Hrxico oto inscribed na llio event*, tvliloh «*(ed 
(ho putenl* of their notiititf. 

I did proud, my ^vir-ntrymftrs, t(j arfiKpt for ynu ihat ti(l*i — "lite poor 

men «f th^ aoutli"— rwhicJi, (Ikhj^Ii n]>pLic^fl bj Ihoi* w] L * 1stk;w jf-wi nob 

lis A lxvrilgg of your in fir-riorilv iin\i [■■jv<-rLv of onirit, ii f ci Lbo hlghibt^ 
pror>r tliril ywt *' .glory which lb** world L-irnin.! takfi iwij-'" wm f.irncd. 
in a **nip jflc. that involved hflltOT, JU»tSc« *n(t Itbofty 0Fi]|F, And in whwh 
yon had: n*ilbcr gold nOr ft I pit « to JHrOfceeL, 10 gh-ill, 4T (0 I««l 

Coul*t your tTfldnicfTK tiara shot jiau whrn vou ]?l"t j-our lioinm,. and 
w btn jf*a r*tuin«l ftfl-HF the wot-, (Jiey would Bctrcdy lwliiora Hint yon 
hail bot-n cornpi'lli'^t to trdtp up nrntF by a oowct you odoiUt not rwl-ll, 

Whtn y-mi left youi humble- tut Lirrrd hiomf-p, where virtue titiA <*ii- 
lantnlCul; liad mndo yeuT iLvca w 3i*ji-pyi yfiMT HiiikLn^, aadnleiied benrt 
Tin-: lifted up riTi i9 ymtr rc>\t\. vri* xtjeri^thon^d nltnit /oil saw [he T-lara of 
hope gUttering 3n the tfSFl thBl w«r* nheJ h^ fWiir wife &*. (he f»ve you 
to Rod. and your cmtnlry. hi ttif-y hnd plvtn vdj to Iiut. H*t flintir.ij 
B.ttii« a.1 m*wt r^fnacd to yield yau to thn haltl^'a Tiiry. but phe rfould nu-t 
At-k you to I1*J. Thf> familMtr field* wh^Pfl you; Jiid toilwl in peaoo 
tbrouEh inB-wjr y*HY» «tid the **r ttnel foretb* Btaiidiii£ arquod were (bo 
l#nt witncuci of your griof it llie [i;iTliii|f, 



Atirirtts of General John T. Mw§m. SI 

When IR9 lord nT Hid log ttban k*$ •pinetl beyond iba iritw of the 
Ipn^Lv TTiiieSitH ill it* door a brief prayer was uttered, * quaint mu«cai 
ttocc Ming eili-r uld iNpron of tldLli. 

"Hflu firm a. fouinEnlioh ye *rrllit* *>f tllfl JkiFd," 
Mid with n rfnJl nnd bury bnin.3, flint ft forJitud-o worthy r>r jiti rn>Ti*»t 
mirthrr'jL failh ill 0<h.I, nhin lurnrii to her lL*nltl/ hIiUL**, run! your liOOH 
Wft* if t in ohItt fftr lh* WM". It w-rmld be a mil tlLwi^fit I lint Innguiga 
taeir.Cit COPlTdy ft just Ulai &f the beauty snrl e*™ltainw of character mini* 
fwtfld by ihfcW *tl*fit, surfrrint, laiLing, fruiting, faithful womrn, if it 
F*r* no! that tba gTrit fltOry. is E^HJr^l f(w Ihni dity wlitn HottVfcn *ht,1l 
rortrJ it In 11* fu'llnw* m the fairer! ehr,pl«r in Ihc history dF irninltuiJ, 
Tho (jreitti-f-Gf y-'Mlr (fift-l* wru to remain III the flTrrcy, ft"" air*]? from 
your nOW", when fftullfi*!* ihit rntnfirr r *:nJinej*, nnd^i-ilrei* iriflhTHMt 
eraryform, wirap invading the-m. At ]ong in[*rvn.l-i (he tfftvel «Orft Id. 
l*r* fr«m liwt would Tnjarii jou lit ihe- Ji»tAiic camp, in p1ninlJ*& bill 
unoainpJmaiftg HMW«-r year aLrnotL HMSftyT *|fo would t4jll you hmr Iho 
MtU* had bnem imprtwed; th* hor*o hail bern taken ff*m the jvlo^ by 
raider*; the corn had been nearly eoFiaumod, and of nlml there, MB 
ni»at-] th* -Ciil]dT#Tl vp-pro languishing in nicrin***, ftnd lurdLcirm hid cacti 
been declared «Sn1rfthaiirf flf war ; LhU m '■Ue nihil irt tlin hat B rid by 
Jay, and ipilb l>y lite pine. Iflfflh, *l nifiliL, rumor* wotlld flrrtmi wmfi lhai 
brofljht the paugi- of widowhood and orphann^] 14 ihe- litdo elrd* at 
hams; but, tlmnkJJiJ, f^«l tbnt lb» cnJinaity hrwl *>***" *rinj?d thfira h ibo 
elo-ni wiLb jmijtr that you migbi ™taTn, n free rut*] iiidepeinlanl rnan h 
tft a tOunlry wflrLby of your 4llluntNir/ r Jtnnt la- a. furnitj- pTiJ'l of your 
a? b i c-v c- mc n is. 

Votlt dnralian rniJw AUOll cipouroAtaiin^ wbie'li ^IMilHlt * mwjjjimpm 
at th* LriiL* you *ndilE*d for y**». ought I* WIITinffl e-vcry boriorabba 
nifth th^t ft jgrtv*pnmflTit ufhiLuli l*f» il jn*t olflim «» your MlllflinO*! by 
greiiririft your rlgliU iLnd*r it* fVinitilutirm, lTiIE rOHivo In mlurn I lift 
DUMt fftitbftil uriport. 

YwiT-ritildnpii, rani*d auiiqUt audi tiaTilihip*, btoqmo Knit)? wlfrGMni 
Eelf'T^HiiDt, In facing (Can^y rrf ihrvL ntigJiL woU ha,v<- npnAltcd thr-al<rtit**t 
m^n, tlifif cam* ta bfi hf[|i|iftr willi tlLom in cb-ili^L^oJ. TU*y bft^o ]i» 
(sued, to t^ifl fli^aulo Itauilionti Kit [h« war Omni uijibl to nigiit, <tf F*U**il 
by tluiir fatberaand iri&lli*H, *H'I wikiv iiyg t li&rei inlA lb* wQflr D F ihoir 
DT7H f-xjHjFitnMJ, ibfy umlcntn nil tll-fl w*r in iJI H* viul and *Auguirin,ry 
lii?;ot-y . Xot onu Intra tltey dvwbLcd tliat ihf Lr tm\u>t-* fim^Jit in a jmi 
ati». NoL a imnl &f MJjiHtfWb *^ftii«t H»0 C.?ni«tci»l* St*!**, It« *rnty 
gr it* Icadew, ha.»» llifiy tvof hnwJ Utt*r*j by any fufftrer wbo fought 
for it" Cftuw, 

Thfy wo HWEl TVflw, »i,rid (kwhiwus with your«ke j . t^e e*M1tial penrfrr 
a\ tb« South. 



83 JScmtkcnt HtstCfHcai Society JkjMr*. 

No»Ur*a of dishonor, no ^liarae lor |™t delimniijnciw of duty, no *en» 
of iLuuillattan lit Kho pr^tnee of ibo« who w*« victorious In the war, 

inakt* j'diI Or [)i£ni reluctant bo inK'. out farmer onecniM Ficfr to race id 
frank, open, rrunly and hone&t agrce-ment for the future-. 

You denmnd no- guftn«i(e<j* *jn»pt obadionco to tho Constitution, and, 
J^Ou oner none- liiit llt&ce. 

&uch ad element dF population is worthy oF (ha confidence, ro*p Mt» 
and proud T*jpi«i of any nation, 

Tki- country cannot nfFcrd to hotd t?i{*<h po^pln in a j1*!g of dUhonoji 
ibl* «ibj«tion. Granting (bat (Hey would Um£ Mtnmiti in such *uo*cr- 
vicncy h tlic Loaa of power for flood , and. Iho incrfrue of powLT for e¥:l, 
would *o dowply effect ihij ofMiftdfT.no o- the nconEr: in the futuro of 'bo 
Government, that it would toon eo*t ttao country cooto billion* of dollar? 
la balance the material lo»*a pccaiiOued by fcituli folly, tlian ithoe tost to 
bring tlicui to tliat condition. 

Tiiij. innporFoct view <>r tlLf foot*, onmLroni, conTiction* and snntimfintj 
of (ho people of Lhnj South, on whicJi tliuy" <d*fcni lh& rwpwl and tosnrl- 
dencc dF thr people of tb<i entire country, ought- Lo be. Miflicl.cn L to quiet 
(ho apnrilion*HVn* of sueb *a rt» le*M wiping to wlond to u» tha Ir^U/r- 
bjI band of nNxwusiLlaiMHiL 

llfcn who are not triie to themittlvfei are not to bo Inutcd to kcap their 
oovanaiiU with others. 

Ko man can bo tnuicd aa tho guardian dF bis *irn rijghts or of tho 
rijjhta of atben who Id incapable of Feeling a wrong, and unwilling to 
iC-Ikwi it, 

But m iura wlLIl confidence to* atill higher plan* on which Anteyi- 
ani can moetfliid unite In making the fatuM of our <»ti miry m happy, 
M. tho put hu been unhappy. All cause* of HihcLioii-iL 'Lrifo Hro rtidOt Ml . 
TJhspb ftuulnt m jlijitifiabtri okmuo for longer idduLc^Dce in ibti Litt*r 
rwnll^tuHit oF Slit put, >"tiH3it'f S*t^onj lifc* OTLi« to s'm»L numiliatftd [q 
paaoejation with the OtLer. Any nation would ftwl pnoud to wolcom^ tho 
State* of tho Souih or of the North into followsbip or alliance. Why 
■hould WS grudglrigly or with Toljctanc* ecoKriE, tn *ucb bonuiablo awo- 
ci*tioci? [(. il oertJLm thsl pnMjiflrily caitnnb result from longer con ten* 
twn J p*acei caklnOt bold It* harpy * *»Jf whilo discord raisn* ■□ the be*T H 
cf th.* |»*nplo, Therb art nOn*, not lifiili tno rno*t virulonl ftBftmitfl flf 
peace and reitOTftttcvn, irbo would TrsLLi^f.lf protract the fli* oF pitriFo and 
diwoniiun furcTer. OnoD 1n power *T(jn Uiflf would turn Vrith. hobejad 
Tf ord*- of brotherly loro to their lita irktinf" and hid tbtm, in lilt nalne 
of Lin: Ood of |KM*v f to ariM and be enfotjed In their broad and tranquil 
bu»<?ms. 

There can bo no eaative to del*r tlic rotnm of the Anwrictn paople to 
thb «rdlal rolationr, and tfl til* pure- Ipro of a coHkHHHi KKMinUTf which 



Addff&s af General John 7, .Vmn, S3 



pmiilnl fal lb* bffinouaj of tbteralufj', **T» #»It *° i™lifr * I 
M» la help lb*— hh i* high pwutom wb* bate b**n tit* cM*f har- 
ri*r1*lh*ilr*wiac *>«*<bht *f *** r*BB*f. 

If ihfrif ***»*■ Ihiith It™ -orttj rf lr*r*nl. nrn jm the eBcmiti of 
jump, bh*» taiHa nm rfwiphc Ihry to rfjniw to r#-*-nI Iheiq u the nu^- 
n. ,n in i- ; ..:.!-..: .1 i. -mulm-I *:kL lti]'|'!f r- -im? ■ *• 

Th* Aifl^oan P^r^ mafrrd b)f ntt Inijinlwi of hftiitdaL ■flcdi'm long 
mtrninrtf hiy uiiwartliy wimtmenL', hn.it*, ill a *lBgjEu Hop, iii*n La I ha 
lieLjtM nf ikiek fortfrW glw?. H A unir>n at livuHtiMUl * untim of hanid-V 
1in» |il4i|^ 1h*rn .iy*in rme. [K!n[ik>. 

tn (1m In- jf Inning ftnri in tte eml, before Hie w*r ninl »lnc* the, War, (.lis 
viUL qMMlltiii ifo* wbMtirr tb* CnrilHiilinn, "fUh It* junrmilMi la tt\* 
StabMof die. right loc*l «3f-g*s»i*rom*iii, couM k& pT******d ilurintf tb« 
Uaipeal thai twept I he iiu!iU|E*m of iUwrrj iWal lM« *>*H£b*bI, 

II m Itmt •tt^tmrtffi bf nnEh lb* W(**« of anarchy and iMpelJtn, 
hririari lfe*r fe*»* -*ilwid«l r mmlhkf lto*M i»*fc af U»» ft I I nft ll K ll 
lUttlTH kt<uh and aria ** ill* t*™*l fawvUtkVH. 

ti*lb*PMl ■"*•* ihii iwli . *itb bwr intualkhhl, -fJltt BodiuHiyfd, 
th+ir teal* etile wiih odUc E»|HnEnFtii tind "lim wKh 1e*a *f eouatty, 
Ik* hJiI^p* and peopled lb* Confrderale S(H« *w *L home again, wet 
CQbmxJ l« Urn hd"ai*d abo4s or ihrlf fatlien bj dw h*W* who fought 
Lhain in WW, Junior*! di*JB »b rkcEorj-, awl lCT» H*raa In paattfti 

ll.rmrjil M(vr«aii win fifiNnitnnly Intnmifiltti willi i-ApUarous 
ih.pitliiit-4, ftiml Urn Llianfci of ttw S-*iuty AUnt wnYfflly (roiihl to too 
orutar tor IiIh "■&!■ mi4 ctci^iiL'Dt flHLIrMm," uml u t"|«v W ^mHi 
for ptibllMtSnn. 

G«itf ral lUrly punl a britf btit LHiat-blRjily-flppr'fprinKi tribnlo iu 
tb* maory Ml' AJmiml fLij>>i»l Somm-ft, lul-" X'le^PVrtiJprtt of 
tbvSiPCifly fV Ibt Squ* or Alabama. *■<), ■"■ tm-riirtn uf <t^mtiI 
DaJba«y II- 9tauy. lb* MhHrirt^ nina.1»waa mu*&mm*Ay »4apfy*4 - 

Ta* 4**tb rf Adninil Rmph^-1 f*mm^-. lb* V«* Pi*»iil*nt ri 

lbk**1,-|v fir iho Su*?tf «f Al^ba^ii, ba<r»H< niwafrtJ MMt (i» 
lait ati.iU4 ( i niL-pLJtaB, iho Stilly fakuM HiU ot^x*i'<ii lo KHE|rtW« 51* 

buh liiliiiKnu^n lor the nataHtd ebii^iUr, tiiiiin-ni a^iluiitu, *nn| 
di*tinjtn»" l,L ^l -crM-LL-- 1 * •■( (lnnlB"<fin<n"<l, »\t-\ H« jimbnind iv^rcE. lor 
llid lo»* itfl Stk'li-iLy hiv RUHi^tnuJ ill tiifl ikfUliI whiL'b la opt3flrc<l 
to bo uniufKHl fin iliti Jtninmk- 



34 South*™ HUtoricat Soektj Paper*. 

Uift«i*l IK H. Main- ihcn re*! Ike Jellowiiijf a* lac 

Filth Animal |li jHVrt of llv EifTBllir- rcmalHrr ct Ibr Smlbrra HU- 
|*rlr*l SwJrtj* for Inr tuJinR Urivbrr |ltl, IhJT. 

The Kxpculin Commiuro Jtsvp w rrpnet Hut during lb^ put 

j*nr Hn-y liinen BiiJuNiv-ujvdl to kwsp In view tlm ^r«al objarta of 
ibi' uhpL rommiltod to thci r I'bnrjcv ; llml Mmy kuiva MiA-mlHy 
worjtfil ton- 1 Ik 1 inttirtuilJoE th* Hoekiij' uirtkL nOina ])e«iilinf diffitul- 
tii'*, ninL UidiI iheiH. 1 ban Ihjuci mi?"( gntiHyiii^ |pi*ig{tfKsisi in our 
lttt|HtKti»l work, Tn« iicknowti.sJ£m<*ht* wv hn-v^ mali* f roiu limo 
lo t«inv ntteil lliat tt»i ldn«t inlerral of «hit |r|<jn.d» lu> atuaiLiLy 
*d*M In oar 

MATtXIAt Kfc A 1SL r E HTtTulT OF TMK ■«, 

until nf a*T* now a colkcuon w liiih i» widdy rewgoiwi *+ otto 
ul 1iSn . i. ■■ '. jlnc. Tiw Secretary bll iwdrwl irnm mil pure of 
ih'm imiLlilKJ 1 iffd from EllrOpt- nfttnUrn uf If tli-Ppi 4l*ckiil.|* informa- 
|Eon cniicamlrij; fvcuEKuTHne wht, Jind in alinunl DUuiy Ln hriirtfcif lia 
].,^ 1.,'ru 11 1 'I i' t*» fufjilnli fr>m wir fl-n-hlvpi tip* iipioi'mntioiiaQo^ot. 
Wf l>nv« ^Ei-uik in n hiipjiLvL' of wriu-rii Int'C*, NMmuLtv*, 4*;-, timid 
tfetffl lit olmjidiuipg tbo trutb of our fflnfiildum ItEilory, find wo 
Ipiiik ilia mrm pnuifyinn; n,*iii rttBCM llinL our pitblinuirtit* nf* 
3th>ktnJ n.i m A>l^ authority, nut only in the fcauili. Ipul also at iba 
Nurth hi'-X iip Kiiru|rfi. 

1 f.ir Irit'iii!* htl-Ft given CA witb iLwrfttl *1m fit)' malarial MrluL-h 
»ukl rewiily b* »nlJ J« tbon-**!*. trf iJuJImx but urairb iiof i*a- 

ttUHtblt Xm\lr Hi LEW C3D?* Ol ip-nlb, ah'J y*t ibcTV KPRVn IP pn- 

Tile band* much tnnl on-at to It oa mt ulifl***. 

Our [in hi [Lily Ini-i fM'i-eU'LHl [hi' hi'[tr[l4'Pit cnnm»ndnli0ti from tbe 
pixxwt pftiiivrally. ami *mfid awiatwSDMt Irorn IflnJinfl Corii'irtiuHLtfii, 
whl In wv ihiiipIht jiupfiiLjg our coii"1nnl j^nili. 1 ^ *omo of llio nbont 
Jhlin,nnl«lifl L l FnJ^ral H>14i<!ri p,il.| rioma of Lhfl nb|uaL jnLLLl^ry 
crltii'n in Mui'i^hv 

A- lo tbc etuttttetir of nor pnblEfcnti&tm Vf*hiivi> n|L-4iJply pnnuwl 
laa policy n<nii>uiure<i in otif l*it atmunl mpnri, ami anarimpq^ly 
»IipeTiv«il by injr liist atinuppJ tnMtlag; aod we *« graliflad ft* 



F\fth A-nnml Report, 35 

know tbflt this policy *swv\* "wilh Ibfc nM-'ll o3gh Hnk j &hia| approval 
of our friDpiit*. 

We bare- now on bimi <h}pi-e* of llto flrtt three- toIuidob 
of Oof P&pfft imintaaitiely bound ; (tba ftmrlL volume wil] bo 
r*ady 1st of January, nexl h ) betfdeaow H Confisderil* View of ihu 
Trualiti4jnt oJ Pri -onera, 11 wbicb we beje our frEanda lo halp ua to 
circulate, find especially 10 pls.cC in ww-y public librAry in toe 
oounLry. 

17s Lave reason to corigralulale oura^ce tbnt, 5n aj>i(o of Ilia 
"unFLivoral>lf! yenr we hiirn Intel far lite condtieL of ftutb en antef* 
prist, wo have baeu enabled to maintain oar list of suWribora at 
about what it wm Iwekc nsynlbs ftgO, a«d ilnu wo 3iu,v<j bright 
pr^Mprctji far a. tafg? iiKsreaae during the comjjij* year; and w<j 
are bialibfli.-d Lb at w* only ne*nl efficient drnvjiMi^rt tfl avroll qbt 
list ef mew betn utid fl-ubstsriocw H^Toral lhoa*and, within a vhort 

lime. 

COffrR&TtftATH ABlC]|[VES AT WAiHINOTOJf. 

In our InuL pimual irajKH-t wo gave an atcoant of onr n ns-necc-flH- 
t'ul urlot-M lo j^ain jcimjjw lo the Confederate archive* in chnrgo cl 
ilit: War Department m W^shiugton. 

In Jllhuptv Ijul Uu i>L-partm<!itl reopened Lho correspondence 
Vfiih U6, Slid seemed anxiotl* IN xei'iirv ^ucilL dntizirmnlH rtn they 
need; to complete clii::r fiiL^. We reiterated our desire Lo j;ive tbem 
the frWGH ft&cewi lo our archives, and lo furnish Item copies of 
anything they miyht dcHirc h provided lliftj would rtHjaproPate ; bul h 
as Lhcy declined to nll^w lia atecsa Lo the ■' Arcbive Bureau," to 
give an in e-.iohango any copied o£ documents, Or 10 altow u» an y 
Ibing in rclurn H Nave tbc JoiLbTtnL ndvaj' tag* oi tfdjMnei* sheata at 
tin; publicaliopi tbey propose lo mutee, wfeit th^y thtttt bt fe&ty fir 
the press, w* hould not ft*<s ibat wo would! be jo6tifi*d in necod- 
ing Lo Lbvir proposition. 

^^i' ■:■:!,'! 1 1c ■ i : 1 1- - 1 ■.- — L iUr^-inion <<~ ti ■■ Smi !.!y U; ~ > i i -- ni:.:l :■;:■. ;l"nj 

hope thai wacTi »«lioi> \ii]l oc [atan ns « _ ill ln^n«ej nil (nir-fflindfld 
men Lo Olipos* appn'Opriip ling jiublitl Cands Lt> rulbSi^iLti^ tlifl "Ofift- 
ciiil Jlulory of LUl" War 31 until ttit: Dcpartroenl adopts aucb rules. 
a» will allow citi^ciu) uf evflrj u-sfttion irM *™J e^ual opporLnnii,^ 
vf inpp^tiing iitd verifying lb 6 ar-i$i>i&!$ of docuiueii ta whicbiL ia 
proposed to publiab. 



36 Southern fltetoriwi Swit t$ P&ptrs. 



FIHitfOEo, 

TFiih lh&toi«ptioii *l the liberal donnilLtin fl( W. W r OoKeflD, 

Esq., wlio, lust Ntparoher, udded $5oo to bis donation of tb* year 
bdWe, iJm Ci.Jm ni LtU:c hprt betn utipmicli-nl for \h<i Hltuhn of Cftrrjf- 

Ing on its ivorfc upon meoibcreblp feca and subscriptions to our 
$*apat. 

The following euniinury will exhibit our receipt* find dlsburse- 
noeius, from November 1st, l£7G h lo October 30th, 1877; 

RECEIPTS. 

Jfrnifcanhiri tt*s, lunccriptloDi. nn-d ad-vfrLirercrnli. l... 4 2t4 45 

Itorvirliiri of W. W. CorcoriD. E^,,,,., *, ...... ,..,*..,., u , £04 00 



Tolil r6c*ip« *V« 4b 

Hilnrwi in. trMWty, u pot Imc- report -. .,„,„., Hi H 

Tit «.l fundi {4,TK tft 



Fust! tiri ±*«iunt of printing, itcnoLyping, ind If r.iling. ........ 2,iSfH 43 

CwnmiiMWM (4 *ip«it* -■■■■." " ■■" **fl 33 

giluj of SecrtH** , i 6]fl 85 

r*f of ct*fl!, JUTiMi'T, *nd mlKjf-Uphn«nji ufflcfl oxnnDici_..».L... u JC& 89 

roiCngQ, t!inr**i, *iwl triE£Tn.TTU.L,.L..^..L, J .L.,j.L., J1 .j.... J ..L j , 584 94 

TdIbI diibu.TitCiuflU,..r ..r.,„, „ %i,7Wi- *S 

We bnT« liabilities on account of printing and binding nmOO Cit- 
ing tu $2,100. 
To liquidate thiii amount, wo htivo tho lollo-wtng awoM; 

But No*, of our P*p*r* 1* rent* JjOOC ToJumci ^ m .„ 4,000 00 

1 ,»0 coplrt ,l *ni*Bi«it of PTl*oa* m " I ,«» 00 

Dua in by *JfT*T ;..'.. ' "■««■ >« KB 00 

Rtnewnl fct<i *rsd *til>wr Lplicaii now line-...,..,.,. ..,....,.. ..„. 300 00 

Dun from ndvaH,l**r*„ — ITS DO 



pmi„. sviaoo 



There will be dim us on the 1st of Jhwuitj p«l h for renewal 
fteca and tubs crip lion*, Sli^tiOO. 



I$tk Annual E^wL S7 

We have >u J:il- i'edneed our ax pem* 1 , thai if Oar receipt* are aw 
IfcrgG nojft vear as iboy hav* been dming ll»o paRlyear, (mad ive 
bare great rcnwn to hopC' ituit they *LLL bo much larger), wo will 
bavfj py l^ 1 ~TV1 -c; u L £. ji 1 in meeting all of our e-^penftc*. 

Bui vo sro in pressing- need ol means to- finable us to adequately 
prOMJcialo quit great work, ami wc know not bow a. lover of the 
li-ntli or history can huUtfr cnipLfty lutidfl than by contributing 
thorn to lb* um of the Sonthcra Ilis'tori^sl Soe-iely. 

In o&Ttclusion, w wnuld *iK]irL'^ oaf yroiYLEis; mma *>( ttao impor- 
tance of etjllrttljitg flOMj the m*LuiiaJ for a Uu< litflior^ of uur 
grtAt Blrugjlo for Comiiiaiiouul freedom, and we carnemly 
appeal to flU wo* c*b add anything of vata-ft to Our collection, to 
do *a at oji«. 

JUj order OE the Extenti ra Committee. 

Daiinev IL MAURY h Chairman, 

Thu re]njri was- unan iraottsSy' vlojllfid. 

Tbo Prefli-uen ( tlien minoaaeed Iho BeLrelion of GcnerAl E. IT, 
jVoUus, of frelma, ai Vice-PwiOient fur Alabama; and Col, The*, 
H. Carter, of Kin^ William coualy t Ya, h lormerlj: Giiief ol Artil- 
lery of Hodes." l>triaion h A. 1*. V., Etf b member of the Eseculero 
Committee to fill a vD.6n.ncy. 



86 $paiht7)i Historittil Swtofr Fbpers. 



l*+4tng OmlHerAtes tin the. Haiti* «if OMjaburj;, 
We cciiirinuL- n? giv-o pnpcrtt bearing on tbift g-r^av bnuUr vmticD 

faj? Hicn lvhv participated ill il. 

J (few ni o^r tokLts may Trenty at the- iW^antion, belt wo liavo 
ftflaaranM* (hurt tvery quarter (.but Ullu fust-lea is of dwp interest, 
and oi tbo bigbtal M.ttwfc rnlnc. 

"We tnkii plciujorc in giein* Ibc following from ,1 gallant floLdfar 
who led g*l]4fll- trwri* from the gattant " Old .V*rtfc StnUr " : 

[*tl#r frOm fli/nrrfll J*ni*» II, LllLf. 

Br.*d£6&i'iso, CkftAcrSft, 167T. 
Jiff. J. TVn. J«5(l^ Secretary StelH*** JTriftrkuI &xi*fy, 

Mr Di.ib Sift; A» .fi^at [njl.i&(3efc |i;ih br<Mi donr- my pnlliiiit aid biLgndo 
of Xurtii &K>UtjS*»J lit nil [111- ]HibLi*b«i luyMHind of tin; tattle oi Gat- 
lysbunj lllA.1 I have ae*n, and « y<m *r* mow jrtibllshins- In the ifof/MflTi 
iJiifonW&Ki'rtp J>bpt*t tin) btisfldfrrtptolti cF Lhat j;r.rn.t battle-, I hor^you 
iritL also |'iLjl>lj;:tl mine,, vrltirb I hi'rflwLth, fnflfrtfv X (im nun ib? piific 
Fill consider tli Li ^ffijf pnp«r, wrt(l#n. about a buMiElt atier tlm battbi, m 
Djtfic- rnluiible hitffri&ti document tiian Nlc many rewnt RTllrlH written 
from mratwy r whi^h init i|l u titer JrMfAmnm inni r iu 4?™ry ^rjlfrthrJltf 
mJdi^r ltr-nw-ji, fiiVM Icnit-url v n> ili rrgnrdit tliif \m:[ii^fHA [ ,tf n of 0Uf hwroL-C 
BlTHUjll* ftw i radrnnnilericf. Ftw intone, GeJi^ral Uk"I]. in lib tetter :n 
tlkfr October Sd,, ISTTpJof (lie AnrAirfl Jfis&trital &x\ttg Paptp± r in ajK^Jiing 
Of lb* fight of me 3rf $/" Jii(y at Q^MjrakiHirg, irmJiM Geuenil L«« any, " 1 
■bull WH& lwlifiVfl if General Fcrider bad ri'inniiied on hit liowe bulf in 
hour Imngor fff would lute ennied Ibe 4!n«rny'K j>p*i1iH>ri," when li\ti facta 
*W, Oufl^Ril PeaJer wiui mrcrliHy ivounflrd 01) lliU right *f IiLj line by an 
Arhltrry iltot ail th() ftft^jfldoon (if rAe 'iJ ^ J"H^ r nnd wa» takfui Iq (h* 
ra*r, wh^ro he faa *j» thu 3d of .JuLy, *rd ^oittd vo\ even mouiit litt 
horflt. Surely CKntcrn] ElftL «n]ild UOt bsAVe t*fld i1k> t*|MSrL *f <ie*cral 
A. T, IEi9| in Uni Nwciulter Nu_, EST6, of tbo ^ifAr/ft J/dtor»«L. r fnrfy 
iVf*i i™ w «'tli he«ya: "On tim mr>rnirig of dm 9d tliii cli^laLon.a. of 
Edjf Air|i4 occupied tht jultiia jh-hL^i-hh ag. (jjfi the ^di. * * * * 
1 ku dini-:t«l to linlii n>y IhiG "illi AndcrKWi's divbiun and the lulf of 
F^rid^r'^, IfOVf ttHuninndud by Urn. Ijiiip-. >nd la order Il^lh'n diviiior , 
oo]iin:nnd«| by T^tliprdw, *T|J Mrie'* *nd Sfltlft*' briij*^**, of P^rwhr'a 
diTkiWHl, 14 rq»rt 1* L^OUt^Dattt-tiL-n^al Lonijjlre*!, ae *■ HUj^rtrt CO Lli 



Gav&tl af Ltc't Dif- - ft Gcttftibmy. HQ 

coni* In tii-c A*=^ult 9\i <bf» f rtrmjr'* lin-*." It u rd*o evident tlim-OtTi. 

Uk-th titul nciL t«iJ Hit r^r-WI of Gs-ufrml L**, ivlikli ft'l*pcfl.'r*il in ibe 
■Pull' Xfi.-. IS7(h *r (]l(i ffaiiR-tm Hilt-rent? JSx\cl<f Paptrt. in Tvliich im *JV^, 
in qx-nking of thft h>riL On. Hlfr 13i| of -Tilly; H G«n^p»l T?w-ol| httl dilKeUwl: 
G^nrml IIdJh Ed jiltnck in KiciUtt with Eflity, CoWtiHg hi» rujlu. Jin J 
] iji i.J fiK'iU^teft Briflfl^dUpf finirr.*] Larn--, Ibc-n cviumninitn^ I'cihIlm'h dirt. 
*ian f to c*-*|rthM*01i til* riglit of lti>ito*. * * * Otih>p*I Ijnfi 

w«* pw|mml la jjiva tlic unlit. Liner ™o,uir*il of hisn, find £4 iufOjnied 
GmicttiI Kod«; luit Hta lmi*r dr.mjHJ it ujcTcm to ndvaneo nrtr*i Lho 
fhilyri>uf Eftrly r j nirwk." \-\\ iHvlkvr; "Ell this ■cn^gniifni out Iqrj 
in inril find hiII'n-i-i-- w.i» l.ir^^. M ■; vt-( ! i'li-rrnl^- tltanl rind FeinJ(M- P TJrijd' 
din-.ft^rn-nils Jon**, ScTTim**, G, T, Andrruin, mill Brnksililr , and Col. 
Af*ty [eomcni[idiit[: IJnkc'n lw f g\<lcl w^W w-ounrlenl, tti-o !n*(. r.two did[> 
t*||iy, Genpmlsi FtnJer rtnJ S*HJEIWB di*d tfter their T«uoval to Vli> 

In hii "MfTnOrHntlirai" [Aupu"l> Sn., 18TT, at Hld &*rAmi Jfufeirihrf 
■&*j-rfy J^perak CoLdhcL Wnllir II. Tuylor, ill sqwp-kiiif of Ike bpbl on ttiit 
3J ef ..[uly.rfMi! : 4 ' Il-^d IIo«l mid MoL*wk followed fit Ml|i]iOrL«d Fi<?k*lt, 
*nd I'clUgrci* ii>J ArntonOB Aa« i«n ifuiiimf, Hid deorign of Ihc Com- 
lll±nfliftjl-firuf ml woj[J 1ia*<? bofi, ftiflfM out— lbs wflfkl would niH- b* 

Hill l(H* tO HlVto Mlftlld. IT^Df KOI ■'jVjiVffiH.-lf ljj- llirfrprillkj forward, UJUILn- 

JJ*rL«d, Jl((|insl the menfly'* HlroSlgli-old, in mnniLL a partinii of the unny." 
HOW I Empp+ll (fl knovr, nn one w ki> kad lii* 3iWy* Jkm. Hmlcf bire in Lliat 
ct'Jyorn.-U'i.l clihifpo. b^ (li-f: f-niMuy v.-]iicb llnnkcJ iij Wk lli-O ]*ft, that IVt- 
tijjnMT, -nidi his vr(juQd«1 hpll^ fc(S n iLiTiCi did nJrj<jLct llcdi'fl (IkiMOR, 
^nnt [luit vfTT JPil Unity. Attrt inwh li tl«c]nTAliw, ilrnnRC lo bmy. Cdl, 
TMvtvr, Id 1iii Jl Wt**HJHl p*"*? 11 (BcpWnitfrr Sb., ISTj, *r lh* iStjAffn 
Miitericel Rxicly J^uMri-), fl(ll*li<» thut r^Hi-PfTT uWiilic«I Oil (lift l*fl *F 
iPiclioit, and th»t ]ld- wkncawtlil. [ 4U^[>fl*0 In; wm nt Lfao liinc on :ha 
lisft Of the *MftUlUT»iJ ■rolumn iritk Gunt'rnl ]^e, who, lid ijatc, ''finally 
Uwk ]Kij.i(inh abwit lh(? Cfl-|iff*Unil4' ocntrt'i on nil ■olfiVfilfld pfliril, fioni 
frbiclL hn- could jurtty tlic fivlil and ivrvteli tkf nMuli ot (Til- uaeYcsnieTii." 
Tli* Cobmp] ntnl<!K FurLlirp n Ibai from 1I1A.L pfiditSoil fa ftf ^1 "to out vtIlo 
ahdp-i-'i'i.'d |l|fi ^li:u^n. It ■■/■jM/jirtif that I*«1 tipTOw"* Lint n'fi* l(10t * <jf>ntinun- 
tlon of ibcitoF Pti!kra' , N. lint tlmt It ndvnncral in rt^ton." KutLh*r on 
hd Bttil*: "Tiio miKiiilhiii j ofrlutmjl TcaIPj Wllifltfld of l'ickftt'H divhloit — 
Iwa bripiulr* in. front, and anc in lbi> iccond Ei lib ft?* ^wriporl, with tlio 
orijpuln of 'Wilcpit in th<i rT:f,T pF Lt< ri^lit C> piotvcL llml tfftll'k ; whiio 
][<i|li| k :J <]ivi^i<h|( inOV-od ffHfw^tHl WH Piijk(fl| , K !pft in. tdfolvnt ot i^Ltti tKiJ 
sli^JfthW'hl j* iiB]wrfe« nntl m Jr«pi"^ «« rtc fcft M Ic ir^jvfl/- in {cAeion, 
Willi l.:nu-'n mid ScilW lirifjvlPM in wnr dF ilB H^bt.'' Thh S-tnl'^nrait 
Jm'i frr^E injuif ic*i la Tlr-ttr*, liivi^ign, iinii^r Pet1igrcW| an ibt line W*i 
noilh?r olPMpine nor JEJ Lt HJOV* In cjtAc^. Cclonal Tayipr scpirm not 



4P Swtthtm Historical Society jRtrptrs. 

to llhV* beMft *rnrt\ or Ut Iijt<i forjKrtteli 4 1 ■ : l L Ihfc a^uuilLing; salmon «a* 
nor formed |Himllrt Ih>(|i.> <* n*m^ J * |Knsililn H liuL dflf-idwaij' ndf^t Ut ili 
^wording to Gf nPnll TriiilU^ "l*jek«<ll Hiring; pistil ihrLKi.fonrElLi of a 
Hlilft *Fift IVuigrcw our miln and * qmrtfr from l\\o f>w\fwfn list," 
From C«foiwl Ttjin^a |K5«lion, Elt^t, to Ike ltft t Ehfr qiywwtff aTri^ir^ of 
PfttighBW* Jim- mill it« ^ij*Tiv n < tttafoi odmncn mail., 1 think, liaYo >J*H1 
the tcsull of W\a rlp&toWyiie uJ«f of the- tiFmr-jp., 

OloiUrl Tflftor it npnsn rtt F^ult w|i?n hr *nyH "' Blic- tilmT^o tcjih mm|* 
dorm a j^mlu tlofu', jiihI tti^h m|? to tin' frt^}' 1 * IWhj 11 ddEanecof over 
■half i mil*, ttaniulocl of feKftl, A, nil Lu full sijtltE n»r Hi? c-npmy mid [ict* 
frc* F*«1g* of th*lf prLill^ry. TIlp^o Mimbinfd tili^is produced. I heir 
tmtnml tfWWc iijmhi Pft(igu*w"* dUvitloifl nnrl tlie brigndt* HmtpoHlog it— 
^builvE tlir-nt (0 ffllt*h, *lnl fimdtj- retire. Then Pjekttl '* (llvrwoii. mhv 
llntlillfi ih* fihtrgi', vil limit RU|hjKWt« *rnL In tight of Elic mirMay, wh* not 
linlf ho forniidnliJe or effee liv* to it ivuulJ Imirii hm>a luid tKM or hilt* 
J'WronH!<l Lilt' cnMny frwu ho WFPKtly f»[irnnlin£tbe htrgn^gtfa of [ho 
aiUekinf column, and *j| r O^u Etoojh from 4-x]wri^nc]jijj [imt wnnc- of 
Tvc-sknc;** wliiell tli-v known nWncc at Rup]>4t't l^CtfHarilj- piftducfid. In 
H|iite6f «lllhi*:l HEridiEy And ^iillmilLy adiviiiccd to in slUtted 1*«k,'' 
WJip "injatitr «*4 favtty retfrr," from <he aaat^r pmimehXitd, *Innj-Ld 
liavs 1>M1i I ll* " rm/wra/ ^«i lr upon IfMhV division, undui Eltc iiDUt and 
fftl|*-nL l J ulCff reiv, ind Ijhs'h ±M o**I*j' brigadi-d undrr llmi old h*ro 
Tiftmble, irlia Imt a If ^ In tli« rlinrHf v and luri. ujmhi Fick^Ll* e»Mdkd&nd ? 
b HHHdtliill^ IhsU I cannot cmnj*ntlKTi[i r I &vnv, ln>wut'&r h perMHatfy. [Jitt 
:ny old hl-i^nclt", in nil iti .(flaridgj sell i^oimsm 1^, mf^fir bcliarad mrjp* g(J- 
]*Plly ttiftn an tlunt tei-fiU* *tl(t bLoOiij.- h*t Ltcs Rl'IiJ. Ah Gfflldml I'rLmblfl 
Mji, "tht} truth b, PLck«H H ij t , eHijrri"nr , * 1 and TrimhL* ! B dhrototn wpt* 
lilHTiftlly *hot (* iKi«f5, mid Ehn hdihM romrranl* who brake 1he ftnH F*d- 
ornl lin* *tr* t<h? fortl* t4 Itol'L ^liat tkcj- Imd pi inrd," *(Hl hjS hi alsA 
*ddA, ft*ftj iftwr jv*»rt^ ^frt^fwm, IL noiirit]nUindiu( (ho |{>*if^ &t tve 
Vdvaticed, tine, iftfiii [in L«n:':i and ScbIh 1 Liij,iul^ j mnhcLrd prsth ihc. 
d«liij«raiEioi) tHiAaecuincv of m^n on dfill." In diii'. rntijcli-tiilktst-ar (ind. 
gendrnlly luhtind(MT»tMid flhiir^e. tny Iwi^Mlw i»*ra u uiucli t]|ji Jl lii!iw* 
of GeHypblics"' iu n^ fttffr tiwti^ ttint look pnil in it, r,n,l wti«n Wo wcro 
drivel) Ijiok ttc- it^hi atnonig (lit jtrtt Eo np4i-ipm, iin«l vv e did » iuiruo- 
din-Lr)}- in rc».r of tine artillery, nnd nflt «1 tlifr JioijhIiLl 
¥*llrt| ¥ct7 rp*]*cciruLly 1 

JjJir.1 H. hxxT. 



Official Rep&rtt of the Battle o/ Gettyshmrtj,. d.1 



Oflfldal Report of Menmil Line, 

llEAiKjtAiiTCr'j Lane's Bkiaape, 
August 13, 1SC3. 

Vamu: I have i In- hongf to i--)]ifjrt iliiH oft Hie morning- of the 
111- July, wo moved from South Mountain, P<!nnvylvnpia r through 
O&flhlown in lh<? ^iirccti-on of GnCEywhiirg, urad fni-med lircnjf hat- 
llo in rear of lao kft of llolb'a di*i*i^n p nhoui ihr*t! mil*j Irani 
(hi: hitler phiiH' in> i]if L-ft cif Lbo liLrii|»ik£. in lhe following* order: 
Sore nils, T hirty 'Scvenl!) , Twenty >1? 5gh th h E-ish^enth, and Thirty- 
third Nprilt Carolina regimentx — ilio ri^bt of I li& Seventh resting 
on llic njftd- After maitliing nearly a mile in lino of buttle, we 

iv I'M- "i-li-r. ■: l-i In- r : L'iil !■: Hi-- r :ri :m:0 L i cm tin' •.■* '.n-anc 

ri^ht of the Light division. Here 1 ordored iho Sdt^tiIIi regi- 
ment lo deploy aft a slriing lino ol dkirntiNlncru ncimi; dEHiiiuce to 
my right !in J ai r\ghi suede* 14 nnr lint -Tit lhartle, to protect our 
flank, which wsa mtpoHcd lo the one-my's «ivnlrj.' ; PcltiErr-ow's nnd 
Archer"* brSgnd^ wflro im llm flHt Hm* imm&dialely 5u our fronL 
We wen sochi ordered fni-ward again after (uklng torn p^qili-on, 
the Sutviich lidng inMinitLed to move a<t fibirmid-berft by Ike left 
flank, lit advancing wo gain-od <;rotin<l to ibo tj,l;]H, and vn fmi!^- 
iny from Ibfl hnm>j|k inwhiuh. P^tE.ijjreM'''^ ht-igu.de had been furjned h 
I Fonnd that ray lino bad iis**«;iJ An.'liur'H, mm! iJmi my emirv 
from vi'uA iwmaftked. liV'e- ill lis raorcd about ft taile, and aft the. 
Sorciilh regiment Lftd been detained a fhoritime, GoJonel Bnrhcuir 
Ihr^w njui ivpty ithjii. nndu-r Curtain Hudson, la bfce-n b^ib AOiao 
of the enemy 'h cavalry which luid di^mou nled, and were annoying 
qe wilti an onfllflds fire. Wo moved 4n;ro4fl tbi* open fluid at quick 
lime, until a hady of tho on^my'ii ciivftlrv and a few infantry 
opctied upon ne ffoni <lio woodc, Hulj6fqiifli»liy OCcayiyd hy PL-jfr4im'(i 
ban alii i:i oi nrtjkj'j, wln-n ilta nieii gAva u yell and rushed Jor- 
vrard at n-dvuWo-qnkk — tbe wliolo ol tho flitomv'i* lbrv;e bt-4lirig a 
bftHiy i-eti-enl- lit CVrunrury Hill. Sfj- rbyht b*w ea Leaded IntCh the 
v.- n mil $ n-ftrrcd lo, tind my Itfi vd^a storldis-Uuicu frum llio Fair- 
Acid i-oiid. Oil ^i^AMEiig hcyynd t,hv m<?nv U'i'te and jfilo tht nsfteb 
Oi-elnird nOpr Jli^ltillsLri'x bg^Estn, J vr&n oiiJ^rw;i] by Rciiclfvil Pander 

nol lo advance fu t-lli er utileftft there was atiother goncrnl forward 
movejn*;]![. At ] ooclil n&c unlbing al ibat limo Ut indicate mieh 



42 Soud/trn Historical Socitly &H}?cr$. 

a moromont, and as oae of th* enemy's batteries- on Cemetery Hid 

Wo? doing n* womo damage. I ordered the brigiufa bat-k a fow vardi 
that lite tejft might lafco shelter bcibiud the atom? &nc& We 
rcmaino-l in tbiii jMssition lbat mgbi,, snd next day. twfbrs the 
heavy sriJIteey-hTinfj commenced, 1 ordered the Thirty- tbiM and 
Eighteenth rogiimcitts (a the tefx pf Colonel Gam-elf* &*.Lia.lioH of 
WlilJory, that ihry might be hett^r (dithered!, ^nd at the same lime 
be out of tb* eat-my 1 * I Lnr of fire. In tb* afternoon | vv*n nrdr red 
by General Tender to lake position of the road to ray f™m wi th- 
in y fltJrmLslicT?, if powtble, Fre^b nu'n were (brown forward, 
and Lb-D whole, under Major 0. N. Brown, of ibo Tldriy-SL-*cnlb,. 
wetnlwl ihc- order very bandamrndy. driving I tie oncmy'M N-kir- 
mtahera and oecirpyjiig ibo roada^ng ouromiro front. Wilt the 
ex&tpiion o£ Ibo gallantry displayed by onr afclrm labcr*, nol hi rtg 
of Interest occurred in my command oh tbe second day. 

Ailcm portion &f the »rniy on our right { I auppQew they wore 
™ c6( AndtPBon'ft troops,) bait driven I bo enemy some- diManec h 
General Pender rode from tbe left of my liuu lo the right of hi* 
division, About sunaci I was informed by Captain Nor*vood h of 
General Tlton)**' naif, tbat ^n'hil Pender bad been wounded, 
and Lbat t munL lafco yummand of tbe division and ndVouMB} if I 
*wv a good opportunity for doing «o. At tbat time the* firing >m 
lb« right w*j very desultory — tbe heavy tlghiinej having ended. 

I was booh afterward* informed by Major Whiting, of General 
EonW staff* lbat Senemk Rode* would advance at dark, and that 
be wished, me to protect his flunk. I did nn»t give bint a definite 
an&wor tbon as I bud wrnl yon lo notify Guaend Kill of General 
Pond it's- fall, and to receive iu*tnuelionH. On being notified, boir- 
over, by Ganernl EwoH, that hi* whohj command would move on 
the encmy'fl posilifiJt t-biLt «i^hi,, commencing vfitb Jijlin^>u">. rjj^ii- 
lori bn tbfl IcJt^, I told Jlajor WtLtinjr fanl L would aet williflnt 
awaiting instru^lionii from Ueneral HilL I nt once ordiirt'd for* 
w-Rpf ThotnaB-' brigade and 31 c-Gowjm's, [Ibua com man Jed by Col. 
Perrln,) \tt fijriq nn obtuse s*tigk with fluimnar'a briyailo, wbict 
wan tlie Hgbt el Rudcs' fiiwi lino^ leaving an inttrvaJ nf one bun^ 
drcd pncpu, !„ at Ibo eame LimL-, dti^rmined lo BJupnort Ehcae two 
brigades wSib Sca3«' and my ownj commAirntfrd r^njn;«ilTLj|y by 
Colonels .Lowrfaafre imd Av^ry, sbonlij tberc bo any occasion for it 
1 tatbwtiuunUy received orders I rent General KIM, tbryugb Oapl, 



Official Rcporto of tht Batik of Gtttysburg. 4& 

Starke, corresponding wilt what I kit J AlT^nd^y done. Rodeo* 
friylt ndynncsd hut & sLurt djaisnce beyond tlia im^d which was 
held by my t*kirniPHlK^™ r when the [tight oUnck wsa abandoned, 
and Eodea 1 front line oecnpitd the Kkinf-^TIiciirjHi and Porrin 
extendi its th-c same wiili lMf COm-niande, the right of Thomas' 
brigade nesting u short dHlnnco from an orchard nenr a brick dwel- 
ling and barn. 

Next morning the frkiriflixlmi^ nj< vcrv heavv in Irani of 
Tlmnm.-* jmd Pflrrm, requiring, at IChi^h, wlioto regiments to bo 
deployed to i-e.tkt lIsl- fumy and drive ilmm lkn^k, whEfb. fe-jw 
always mo<-t jpillsnily done. While thEH wan going on, I was 
di-.Ki-.-l hy I iii:.:..: [[ill. : i !"■■!. ■;':! <:.|. - :un 5[!i:. !■► nvin- in ji.-r.i.-sn 
to tin; riglit vriit the two bri^adeH furmlnjf my aecemd line, nnd to 
lL rrper/ fa Gi&eral Jrftyttrttt at a tvppsrt to Pati$rtu>*" General 
Long^trcet oi^dorcd me to fonn In rear «f the- right of Hcth> 
division, cOminnndcd hy General PeLEigrow.. Soon after- [ Led 
exctnted Ih i* order, pa ttinjf Lowninooon the rigln, I wiw rvlie^vdi 
of the command Of the tlm*ion Uy Mafon'Kcnerat Triiabla, who 
acted under the pamcordero thai I had r$wi*ed. lfpih> division 
■a ae ■ - 1 ■. i - - i ■ larger than Low ranee' a brfjfado and my own, which 
were ilx only (ujipOFt, and llnjru vrus etfn8etpnsnt1y no second lino 
it] TLMLr rj-l in kit. 

5ow f in command of my brigade, t moved forward to the *up- 

port ol IViUtfjrpm'H right, through t-ho wOoj1» in which our balr 
tcdc* W^re ■pfn.nH" I, mad tti n 'ML^ls ilei nprik 15 oh a 1 ubn-jt :l ni-Lu in till I 

view of the enemy's, fonifled poauion, and under a murderous 
artillery ard infantry Are. A* soon a« PcttigrcWa com maud gave 
bach, Lovrrnncc'H brigade And my Awn, wiiknlLt ever Un-vlng hzdtcd, 
took position on the kit of the troop* which were mill cuntcsLntg 
Ibo ground with the enemy. My eommiwd uevci- tiiored forwnrd 
sraor* hindaoinely-. The men reserved their Arc in accordance 
wLtJt order*, until within giood rang* o-t tlie cn*>ny, and then 
opened ™iih toUing nifu^t, ro[je:tt^dty driving the* eaitaoneen from 
tlii*ir nieces — eompU'icly cllenring the guns in out immudimo iront^ 
ind breahing tho line of mfantry wbich wus,f(iraied nn tha cr*st 
ol the hill. We Advanced tawtLbin afe-wyard^ of thestono wall, 
exposed all tbo wliiie ig a heavy olfing Brtilkry Are from the 
ri^hi. Sly k'k waa iLtrt fery much es|jdfled, and a column of 
infantry wa» thrown Jorward in thai direction, whicla cnfil&ded U\y 



wLmIc hhr, Tbn l.»rr*d n« lo witLdtn* My brigade — lb* troop* 
Oft my rijJH bftVtn£ «lr*»d 7 done ha, W* 1*11 bark » well U 
Ctiald l» rfcprelt-J;, rvfoFmod inSWmdtili.'lj' ip pfjr ol Ibr trtilJcFT h 
MJinifUJ by Gchrml Trimbk, mtd mtninrd ihjrv until Ehe Art. 

lowmjj mot n i tiff, 

1 cannot ■(irak too highly of my brEtfulu in tidn blwaly engape- 
tnoot, Jbnli oilkorn. and m-en moved inru'iiinJ with n horawm 
ynittr|w,*m!*l, tfvlng iba brigjLde-ittf|itiator mnJ bin niir ^nn! h*th- 
In^ 4o do. OurgiHfut Umi Il-IU lnH looundly g| ibo guLLnnl boar- 
ing itf' uvy i^himand— nts buodnrd. tt nd »latj- *ftS8j rat u f mi flffce- 
tivo idul oJ Iblnwn hnnd**d mid flli,y-ilv r _ { |.3r P ". , EndudSng 
■mtujlmrc oerjii and nsT guard — our luu <m the l*t and 2nd. 
beittg bol tlij^ht.* 



■(Hlhfc H . l .(4 l Wym^pb nmi^t^rfa^wi Ut.tfb* 
■m»Mn^.4(htmih^ 4 , ^i Mh « 1 . w)tW Tb.* n .krikrf!lo^C v . 

*"— t^fk f ■ l lWtl H j J. B-b— =»lj,lf|.^JM 0411*4, ■ L J - ~- r f- L ■ 

<1,— ^ " ,Jr * "U"IMr* t> W*. *m Tt-tiini Mbrul «mI4 iu t*tpu* ibflt Wftb ctmOitaan, 
) kUtnir^ i h— tti hfLirtj'-wi^iTl ttiM mr (id nhoulil h* «r**l qvH lb n**^ Ub* «H 

b&Wi, **i iidi i -hnhl a^niK-wifb ih«m r*ih. tothni Hilr 

'*h#* (hi 4hMtf* fw.minr«.LRhwtl p. M., | fulluvn] ^.H^p.. , H«h- dl'tobMjj. 
iIhhiI om bniln^ nh<l fljljr pink In hh-« milTlnl+ril. 4IMMM I* -pmwrf «b *l«r~ At* 
nkthj Lplll hhki *■ Mi flliHBM JuHh Hit nl.iiw N^.iik.iinn.Hr.N 1k* Is*** m w* 
rtn«*d, lb mt mu*biL whi, u,? dtellt-tfin! | 0h «,* i«-*t^f <if rtwi>** drill. E rt-ww*d 
tb mm* In IVllfiwv'i I Inn. Whin eh,, i^wr **■ w lil.lh im* bhHJwd. or no? huwlr^i tad 
ttif M*j. rr«k tM ^mriHri*l4ri n=»J,ibf j <t«*t i? 'Ink mi* Hip«n h un^r lb if m.j**t 

&f i« |.mrr.l Ihl, [|, Fm * T pikkMJ uhTi Ihl rrmunl uf I |,n|r Hub, nhU lfnhn„luM> Jl.r 
■*** nfl » ,t, »' — ' I* »"?■ W *gnff Mlf. 'Hirim ikah Jit 11* IH4 9lMk BtM*.' *kpb bail 
bru«d» •*ni«b»h*ri T «i)<iq! 1 aa*u r fc | hm u b^-ML -ftw4+x t brilrn iImm flu 

*«•■■ *»T plhg rill* Lka r«TTf. ;|rK _ 

S*****^'***'— '">fT"W' K*l *l TM*Tll»hH«tT.fcrtfVtia 

**** *"" !■ lF«f*HH*illlr™*7 ! tlq<l«T»M»* 'iHkHUW^l^Hll*^) 

ki^Hhtb.1 •^Pilt-*«vM*«Cih'EiBi«lbL!u T pM4. Vf ntm I Hlrtnd Ihs. hrbtri 

ititalN M4 »«■ ri-pulwJ.. ■! |r «+. FhU If VbUU t> ■ hmUh ttiril" rf IIA <*< 
lb tou*dL E Iknhrr ill.) m# uCfffipt » Mt|lf [*• Uu Bpa b |H H 14 «It* tod hB I 



- *■ I Hhrxiit ib r>ilrlH Ho-, «& h«-+t^cli di * ■ ■]», 4a tn« *jvh «e fcdiliiMij B id n , 

un.l-r til- lll.rr.Ptni rtLwMlrf* .:.r«T.r^. ^farll, nd -. I,,. | |, H | r.,,,. ^ rpnJnr Kfl* 

"'"■I ™*1J r-rtipF Vmqfjk Df dttlh. 

-«!! Fwhtnj 'h. Hh.rulL rf |i,c rl.lpr. E r.iufcl lb R*a h*H Ml» Inl* IIh bl.hbd umt 
n.dp4ln(b n ii« I -f.I-1. 'TliH I- TlnK-s. my Ui# hltMn; ■liui|. fifi |roiinJLkDd ** "31 
|ir#wmlj. . f 11 „ iJ., u, , |, k|l , j,* jh^y hdT* «'.' Fir, lj/ *Jl Iho niln nr Vnrhtr. lb F*drrJ 

ieihj,.! ■km|r| ■<■ i m biTi»d eHpt -.-hjIlp, inn Bifliirf w i»i mr »hrib#r*d h4hibh, ud 
HOfJfal la «iT4vr 441 il-rnj n ll ji ia orirr luliu|n| d*r«H.~ 



Ojficiat Iti-ports of the -B<itfk of (jfUysburg, 45 

General Trirnbta being wormded, I v.ili ai'iiin ihrown \\\ smn- 
iiLiitnJ o£ the dlvLnton, And wiih Lowi^n^'d brijjn'te ami my uvfn, 
under com mum) of Colnjiel A Tory, ui&v*'d bmrk tti- the rear of 
Tboniiirt jLncL Furrin an the 4th. Tli-frf* WA3 flfciMn irthi ftg n [ in^r- 
val-n 111 at day, and at dark we comnwntfld f:Lll in^; hack in th - Jiree 
tEcjiL of FnirfiijLd, Crt.pt-dri W. T. Nicholson, of elm Thirly^fcvenib, 
being left in command of Lbc tkirnmbcrs. from my brigade. 

^Te formed lino of bnllb* ml EngflrAt&i* n, Md., n>n iL.- llth, and 
threw u[i breast workn along our- entire front. Next day t lie Light 
division wa* consolidated with Hetb"«, and ibo wlido brin^ put. 
und^r lbc command e.( (rLMietQl Heth, I Again relumed la the wm- 
mand of my briffnde. 

On (he l^lb we ln.ii I one iniLn killed in the works, and bad 
twenty-soyee (ST) Rkirniiiihoni captured. Tho fclurnt^h^rn were 
titan by * body o( iho enemy (bat advanced l^m a point of 
wocdH under eover of stone feneca and an orchard. 

The retreat from Hiyjer&town the night oft ha 13th venaeven 
worse tbjui that frorti (i tUyflbiihjf. My whole command wdvj bo 
exhausted thnt lb-ay *11 fell askeap »» *non. n.H ihi-y Km hnlted, 
about n mile from th* pontoon bridge ai Falling Wiitc-m. Just aa 
wo were ordered lo nstiDio our march, the irtuij^ nt I f L -ch\-H divi- 
sion that occupied tbe br«i*lwork$ in our fear hh a rnw.guard 
w*ro ALtAfltL-d by the enemy's cavalry. I al onco ordered my 
command to fix bayonet*, a* n»ur gums warn generally unhiadud, 
iiiiij moved down :ln- road After General Th^ma^ hnl wa4 nnan 
hp,lu-d by Gi'nciral Heith'n order, and anb^cqiionEly mn-k to lake 
position in line ol bailie, to allow tho*e brigade* lhut were engaged 
lo withdraw-. 1 threw- nut a wry htr^n^ II lit <>i *!< i r:n in liori aimiff 
our whole Irani, under Lien Ecu ant Crowd 1 nf the TttenLy-4-jghihp 
with infllmotiona not to flro a mil tha cmemy got ataae upon him. 
Hud to fall Wt jfrAdually wben he eatw Iho main tine retiring 
townrda the river. Thfl fiii^b<Mnib rej^iinvr.i, qnd^r OdL Bjkf fy, 
waa deployed to ibe right aa HltirniiBbar*, And CoUntE Avery ti;u) 
CUp^r^i^Fnn n| Ihf rtijh t vrLurr, mch ilm in Hninhli.' nltfi in be B])|trl$£d of 

tlie movementa ot ibe. enemy more readily. Afl booh aj iho aibor 
brigoden withdrew a large fnree mo^hl to nur right, and na oar 
left was. threatened., I lost no lime in fill I i ng biieli f vrbtL-h wita done 
in oxceLknl order. 

0*ir Ihankfl are dim to Lieutenant Crowell, And the offleemi and 
men under bim, for the e-tiibboruness with wlL-h ihey oonlMted 



I '■ SoMtkrm Btstorieat Soatty P*p*r$. 

tnt+ty ifirli ti pramd ftj5»tn*i lb* ttomyV own 1*1 van .li»- 
■IWfltPl rfiValry, ifaerrbr enabling ga lo f ffrfl a. rrtt-uing witbsnt 
Hit brigade t, IwtnjT e*t£*£cd. LirnlLMiftM OuTO^'i command t*1* 
I In- Iji«1 4?r^n,nlfAtJ body to crosm the Imriil^n. 

t»<ir Uwd in bringing up ibn rear wa» inx i,fl) Waajftdad qui! iWly- 
«lpih t (38) tobmlng. Our cnltf* li mi* In iln< J1 iranptlVLMiiiiE-" eam- 
piifjn wfik irtVHjn hundred in4 Hnirly-nii L » (TSt), 

Cololird Avcry h oi the TJiirty-ihirif, *vti« cninSmwd at hta patt 
.nlLrr In? ImliI l.'L'Hin li-pDisii^ by ji ulnrll, rufl'nim I nun mnTtirtfi upcdal 
aUii^n* lo an j- onu of hi* comm:iEid h a* lliey all guiLamlj 4i*- 
rli|irj(<ril rhi'tr ilijLi,- 

Cotoruri Harbour, a* LbeTbirtj-*eTtnth T refer* La bit beary lo** 

HA »q(lli<ii'ii| «Tt.|^|K-« Of [be imlEnrvl ry rxf li ijN mmflMqa. Tb* Ion* 
Of ■urb jihWiw ** Lioo[ v -oan1f MnJurrly, KojMrr. JhOl I*. Rims, 

■fid IV, N 11 w fclc r vrbo nobly Ji^tnrj;^ tfceir dalk-, will be acciU 

amly fell 

CVloucI Harry, of tbe Ei^iiircrub, i* prnud p| ht« command,. 
wbk]i jj*"1c^I Tbioughoat tin; Krinjrajfjn in u manner utirfactory to 
hi rn irnd rrvd^Xflbk W ibrnmpke", 

Cdloik"! Low*, of tins TwL-titv^i^rln, wim w., under] and bud lo 
tam-Hi hiL( J , i -u 1 1 1 -i; ■ 1 1 l ■ i L- 1 !■: hi ■:> ■ j n I rt(io^h A|>wilc4 In lilgli tcnnaoflb* 
bravery of l\> offo'cit ami mvii during Uin wlinilu nj tint d-nan^r. 
at? nod tijii r i|-i'Hi^ht It^Litc. II? alUi'li 1 * b» A'ljinmiL It, 3. Fulgo? 
an h»rlnjf urt^d wi r h great, gallantry thnin^li'mi t|i* An^n^ment*, 
nnd uhu to t'liptniJM fJnt+ar^i'T. Morrow, (latull? nfld 5mfcih,and 
Llentcaanl Tbi»Bip«on n *ho wirre wounded wMJ^ i^UantCy leading 
ib«?ir com|*BJ«t lo to* char-*. 

Capiat h Twiwr, c«tBiniMulinf> toe S«r«iih h wi* wouded ii front 
«f bU MABaiid, «f hil# jjaSiarnJy le-aJiaij ii Tifmpd,. *xd vu l*ft 
OH tbe t^bl. Cflft-nia ELarrip- thru- m-ia mrij ri.rimaiid, nml i> tti'23 
|il—f4 *iib ibo ^alJBTil bearing ^f tbe ohl KfVfolfa, wbitb ^aa 
BTir|]|iP i "''il l-y iiihn 1 . 

My, nld, j^pulrnant Or*ar Lntic. nml my tw» eonncr*, Geo. E. 
fliirrlisHi-p (iinl A. 11. Joyce, prirfltoF Emm tlif Twtuny-oi^bEii, i*"l-t(? 
very wflSt>li'Hl h lotli «» tl*c mapfh and iii nt-ilun, imil ajpiin ^nro 
tbeinwSvw *l-I! buddf £t'e. 

Jamrh II- IjA^a, Sri-j^Gtntral. 
M«J*r Job. A. Ex0UJutr>. 



Lttterfivm CWL J. fi Writ**. tf 

LrtlCT fmi t'olnarl J. ft. TiHh, 

Sr* fluaAlftj Orf***? 15(A, 1S77. 

/for. J. Wll, JllNKi. D. J>., 

*HT*lwry .StartA*™ IlHtmical KsWrfy, AdtatW, Fn.: 

Dkah £tn; My attention Iiah boun >J Irwin J to toe loLt*roF Co). 

E. P. Al«Mii«r, srf date of IT Lit Mural), 1877. on the idbjuet of 

" CuiU-*t'» of ttnifod*rjm iMtvit *l Gflll,v-.liiin^" pobliabM in tna 

H^pUmhur No. of &w?A#JTt £fefc*ife*l Awftty f^/vr?, in ^hi^h 

Orcim th* fcllawinjf ^itcmmt by C**tr)ll?l Ak'KJ nd*r: "My ruife 
•ed powUoii daring that tunpjjn *■• rotam! at BrtiTkrj, p>»- 
tnariJin^ » baLL^Jjon rtt -It !ri""h" ,r!« k*A M IIP * I L EO i, '■"■_'■ 

tfrH in eomemamt *T «ff Jlfr miAUrf on fA* jMJ, df dWtf •/ 

JOT f A*" mrtiam." 

1 am at* Iom id corapraheml Imm- ,i ,.,,nl-l bt- maidtj bjr Colonel 

A^p*i^ild^JI , \IibI he w,vi '<plnt'L-d by Jii- ul Li*nyx1 ra^t in tom- 

mand of all hinnrilLUii'y on the fli.-|,| n* rhu-f oJ uriLtbry lor the 
aollnii 1 ' at QaEtyslmrtf, for 1 bm3 bivit fnninnT than u yk.nr boforo, 
WM (JtirtllJJ lb* biutk iiiiil nftor tin? bjittl*: rif (li}[Lynbnrg, <-h!«f of 
Artillery oi the. Kirut Army Oirp*, tirnhi' tjii*ulQfnftnt(i<?niera3 
rFonM R tr»P(, nn\\ canned nil I bo batUmu* in ib« ununl Ijotnhardndjiit 
■ il tin- \\ I Jii.lv in bu plarad iq pij*illnti faint Hjjht Id Suit, pLu.£tn£ 
tfen W*4hbn.£trin ATliSlery,. uni|<rr Hijar R+hliiniiHi, i-n the t'^ntru a* 
marly a*«Mbl b*. Daring the entire enGa^raeivl 1 wa* present 

lb [H-rvun oh tb« M4, tlirwting iti'i m pc-rMtliM^itn^ tie hqtterie* 
in arlio*. Catoacl Alexander vtMnmutdnl one of tic baiu^ott^ 
cofnpfMcd o< rix batteries ol the Pii-n ( flqn; *J] ihv artillery of 
tfait COrp* being miJtr way oommatiu, pa rLltf uf nrli11cry, tath 

On tbe 2(Hb June, lS43,Ganrrftl OnlL-if Nu. ?*, rijibc wiii|f Array 

KorLltern Virgin in, 1 woa pooantetd an iMllnnfn: 

Culonol J. ft. Walton, Of the bctttnljoit WMbtnftm ArlElkr-y, 

fcovlnj( pcpurU'il rar ditty with HtM ^MitniiimL, bo it uiuiolihl-i: J aft 

Cbk'f «f AilLILrj.'. ILi; will b*i ev\n-y ,,h| JL nrL ri'»|]eati.'d &L'tOtdil:^lyL 
tly cuinnLiirJ of iiiijOf-tJiini'PuE t,dfi4(H.Li'j,'T„ 

O. M. Soa.KEL, 

,1-. .f 3 .,r ,1 I m] <nt •r"\:ft\'. 



4$ SbttfAmt ffistwitai Smfty Pjjmt*, 

And on the 15tb Aufliifl, 1SG2> the following order WAS published: 
t* bsUiry «a*nmandcihs: 

jrEAftQCtFlTEIlJ. TAVLOR.'* lIoi!HF_ 

N&ih Gnftfrfrwsvju-E,, ^u^^^e 15/A, 1962. 
G cntmi Ortttr JTfi. 32. 

II. Oiku-.i-l J. B. Wallon, of tbo battalion WaihinpytoTi Aftik 
Itfry., in nniLiiLiDcTrL ttH Chiol of Amlkry ad tlkia co-inniam], and will 
be- nta:vnl And rtsjrteted accordingly. 

III. Battery GO:rtniandt*r» will report to him without delay, to 
ba disponed of I ei sluuIl eAiiip of eaaipn llh may be se lotted; milking 
their regular iW|ior[& ia him, for consolidation and tranaiiusatLiii to 
tbi& ^fifte*. 

*k + :»»** + + 

By &OEDmADd of ilfljor-tioncrfti Longst root. 

6. 3J. SoHRitr., 
Assistant iltfjuiattt-Otntral, 

To GglwKl J. B WALTOit, <^wmriFicirKiJ r «fcc 

AitiJ J>n lh« 4th Jand, l$ft3 (foiflrtlOntb befari tbd battle- rtl <iiit- 
tyftburg), after the artillery of Ibo Army of Northern Virginia 
had been rvQrjgQEiiscd fry bultAliofia and Asiaigntd tat-be. tbrea coTpa 
of thm army, (Jkftit^al Lea announced the appointment* of conw 
m-andera of the artillery of thfl MvernE corps ns iVIJoirar 

HEADQUARItTia DeFAATSIEST .XORT"HFR^ VlHQICTIA^ 

Aw 4r. F n, 18413, 
E#fta*T ^jw^j'rtl O^fer Xa. IB I. 

In aecuidanee ivivh the r*comniendiHL-on of tbo Chief or Artil- 
\vTf-, mmln under par. It of (icnerat Order Mo, fiD, torrent noriest 
from \\xftt) he*d quart* r*i r tine foilo win g, named officers a™ atwigncd 
lo loo return nrvE tii i be artillery umJiiJ' the reLrent orj'aniEAtionj 
Culnnd J- B- WuHoji, of tbe First corps; Colonel V, Crutch^ 
field, *?t \l\v SwrA?ril vprjtit; Colonel H. L. Wiiktr, ol the Tbiid 
corps*. 

By (WemnAntl ni G enure] Lee. 

W. H. TATLNt 

3Tj CWonrf J. Br Walton- 

On tru? £ii3 Juufl, IStsS, General Longstreot dlrerted to "CJol. J. 
B lYidhin, Cbiel of Artillery Fir*! tiorp^ B«mmiindin!£^ r ibe fol- 
lowing, afltbe order at mar^h ior HageiAtown via Berryvillo: 

1st, PJcfc&W'H division^ 

3d, Wg|t"J«'a Raer\se Artillery (Alexander and Wnsbin^ton 
Artill*ryj r 



Letter /rem CW. J. A Walton. 43 

34- Hood'ti Ju'ImEul, 
4thr SleLaivs' division. 

Earing Ike mirth to Ilagorflfanm, Md , and ibonM t* G*Uy*- 
btirff, all onltsrs frftm fiu'itnil l.*e or General Locistniet wero coov 
tauniiealed to me officially an Clii^f of Artillery, Firat turhft. 

Oti t.tui uiirlit of \\m 3olb Juue, I encamped near {jitoh wood, on 
(.hi)- road to Getty flburg, witb thr twrt bRtmlitina 4)ci:hpas:ivg Mn- 
reaorvc aFlttl*ry of tb<- J iLriLLLcry ol tbo First corps oJ the army — 
A IfctfjJ.tuler'ft battalion and t be Washtngiou Art I llery. Ji li ad till n«d 
all day in torrent*, gruuLly impeding our pro^r***, and in conHer 
qucuM, ihe lu r o battalion* wcra ool »>i wi-ll uilv-uui-iid uh i,h<-Y ^Lli^r- 
wla* weald have (wen, W4 rauaJaed halted atGreon wood alJ day 
oi litis 6 rat of J uly , 

A I about tan o'clock at night, Juty 14, * eaarier <:unc to my 
camp and delivered to m* ihe fallowing, from Gonora.1 Lociflstmct'i 

HlADQUARTTEtt-Hi ME AH G ETTTKBITBO, F\. h 

Colon EL; The Commanding-General desires you to come nn to- 
night flsf&rftayou can, without djfl<rt*ging jour men nut) aniroak. 
£*-(ill and 1 1 LLa have sharply engaged Ikw ccu'iny lo-day f and you 
will be wantud for to-morrow's battle-, The action lo-day ban 
beer vigorous and seece^sftil, I'be enemy wag driyen two or Ihrooi 
mike and onl of fifltlyaburg, without limitation. G«norul Jtadcs 
now occtipion tb* town. The- enemy's load in prisoners and esau- 
alties considerable — ours ligkit. Major-Gcneral Jioth mounded, 
not da-ngerou«1j- 

1 are, very roBpoctfijlly, 

G. M, Ivokkel, Awift*-A<tjt-&eKefttl. 

Ttt CpfwtW J. B. 1Valtkh* h 

The following is Adjutant W. JI. On^n'a atatement or wltat waa 
don e from tbo paome-nt of the receipt of Ibo nolo above recited 
until the Wo battalions reported on lb* 6*!d on the. morning of 

the 2d July : 

I carried iLe order to Colon.e.1 AlfKhuder, commandlnjc; one of 
In* battalions of artillery attached to the reAerro, Call nnder Col. 
WtitflOt chief of artillery,) at about 10:30 to II o'clock, at night. 
At 32 o'eloch AloxandoKa battalion and tbt Waabin^Ton Artilkry 
were atrotebfld out on tbu nwwl w> Gettysburg. A Loofl detay tben 
occurred in starting,, en ACtoant of ati smmenee wagon-mi n panit- 
4 



in*. Hid U> bttoPf: to Jotn«™- drriitou. M S: » A. H., Jit !y 3d, 

W* fcwll I be frt*d, I hntb b^llili-.u-. ■ und by pb r-p*y iDaKrb IVil-faid 
I be ■Ml^blKit'bood of (FtUyabnrg pbunl >uind|»; hilling ib ail np*b 

Md, ihr e«mlnaflfi jJOt bpvakJJMl, find 1 W*> wil 1* report ihcr 
liFvwfiMr of (Iw- artillery pr*en?e ui IdonjflrrrL'n tfwrpt* titl tb* field 
und fiMldy f"f b*t[le. 1 friund CriiiiTiil l.^n^lrrr-r ot\ Seminary 
Mill tttdi General Lot and tTtnaimla Ili-iti *ti4 A. P. Hill, and l>ot> 
(or* i-tvlti-ii jiii'L Mnury, ^uvytuci!-, I jkiu milking my n-jmrl, Gen. 
lrfiii|jt>lf«rl anltiNMl that thfl haHdli'tum Ihi 1hj|il wu,ul<o ibty were 
UtUlMbrthcr onlar*. 

On tl>t luornlug d tbo third i>t Jnlt* h pi itpy-ltyln, th*> batfcsrie* 
til ifao Pi ml r^rprt wcrr All in pwiiioii, "Men ding from HmehJ. ■» 
Irani til tl_<- ■■ l:..und Top," i» *nd 'beyond tbe prarh oivhani. At 
iIll' point (tfn^raE L™gpihr*t *fui f» thr. ■rcoaip&Bied bv Adjn- 
lanl Dvw, I itdc to Lbe rear of lb* hnt L , wbt-fc n found Geo, 
LvnjjwiT^cl m hmbBftilifn *itb tfac £cn«t»l nnVartv lie gar* ma 
than my (teal in^lrae^oo*-, and iiihirtm-d me ol lb* plan nf bmii>. 
Al bj(iT4iii »ijjnal, [O b* imRg(4 by mj^lt all ibe jzunn CD lb* 

lib* wan to open Hmqlt*n€dtt*ly on ibv eti*«ay l p balLvTiw^ Tfaa 
iitfna.1 flxiij wan Iwq jpta-i in quisle MtecMnJoa by tbn Winbingiun 
ArlHtury, Upuat roLurnin^ to this In mi I i|i*nntFhe4 Adjutant 
Qwm&blontf Lhe cnUrm line, to uality lwIkiE cbu arlilkiry sOEb- 

1 1 1 i... [in : l*y give tlh'iii ;i .ii mhJ.'.... i>. I ■ :■ 1 1 I- ■■ ■ I i 19 :n,. I n-nii'il 

CO in*'. 

Il waa understood that CoLnne-3 Alexander bad bwn c-lmfptd 
wllb tbn dniy of obwrrinjj tin *-rJpci *l tbo fl** oi the bsturir* 
qjpcib iltc r-ucinya line*, wad. m give ibe t-iguiil (br General Pinrtri i 
lo advaflf* tu lb? jmuuEL 

[vTrry|hia K WH Va rend i ■*■*—*« itd«K dd ritfacr *idr — vbco p 
ai a b>" ■tipata* vAi*t tui* bVlucfc, P. M.„ wbdt in rvar *f Lbe 
W»*iVinnt.irj Anillcrj, near 16* p**«b QfrlnrJ, I m»it^i by a 
r. the foUinwijig id GHinernl L^t>u«iiwri'« ban J. "ritiug- 



HupqtjAimxih 1st the Fitu> r 
Jw/^JW, 1863. 
C"wl,nNtL: Ll'| iIhj ballcrifi tiju'ii- (]nb»if :'!■ ;■! -si™ und j»hr. 
t'lhh'ii !■■■ 1k«»^- If Ib-e balitru 1 " «l Hi* pr«i p b "Kthnnl cnnrnn bu 
uihhI n^Eiitn-L ih<! |hjIlh wa in-lvad in I si*'li tn (f t lei ibtni open upon 
the ncMiby hill. M cml r^i^ ■ ■ 1 1 nl ly . 

J. liQitOKTAEKe^ 



Major T>h kninn.. in comniaad of tlm Vfashinglon Artilkry, vtus 
wrd-crad to fi rt ch*.- mI^h^I gun,, ivb-cn i (iHTon.t.1 y (tvqi Ull- right to 
lIil- L'jftnfmo toft oi tba liii* 3 m Hail iwen arranged by (ttde-t of 
General LangsUwt, tlia guns of every buttery npon*d lIid tremens 
dutiS L r jinupnjii.i«7, 

On lie 4th of Jiilj-, m 1 o'clock A. M., I steal *<hJ [he Jol logins, 
id&HMtd to mo as Chief bt Ai'tHkry, Fir*t corp«; i; Heaai-nl 
Lonj^li-eet direct* (tint you have your artillery in readiness to 
rciist an attack by diLyLijfhi t rtrtMjm taring you bave no ammitnU 
Hon to »]Jnry except for Ilia ooemy'a Infantry," ate., j\nd tLo 
following order bulb™ duy on the iLli July: 

HtiAHQtiARTEHK FIRST A ■ itY CORPS, 

J-y.'jf if A. 1J3B. 
Odloxei.: The Iifoulauan t-Genernl direct a thai such of your 
wajjjan* iiH eati bu Hpni-ed fi^m your coin maud bbm.Mii to Caabiowri 
(luniiir the day ax qnirtly »x powibla, reporting to Ooloiitfl Curley 
and Jliijor MiU-beli qdnnnt dark, Let Ebtre be aa liulo confusion 
ai noSiibL'. HilVc 1 Iil- w^ffOEn ivIiLch are Id aeecwipniiy ttio troops 
parked on tin? FuirJimH rijiiij, kq that tb*y ean Ala ia wEih tie col- 
umn as it pHfBB, 

IVitf jsu j*fctfj* i^nj G*tawJ Altxandtr to stt the Central at thi* 
jt&int at liijfit- 

very reapett{u.]ly, your obedient servom, 

Obmaw Latrosk, 
As&fsiant Adjutant- Oenr fat. 
Tk Cohntt WaLTOs h Cajmiuinding Artillery, J*. 

Enough hntf been smllco to shon r thai, Colcmut Alexander b™* 
mado a mirtlako Lei lIiv a^surtlon (nat ta wjh fn eoiiMnaud o/ nfj rfiu 
torlilttfg ■ of the Tint torpa on the fleld h "aa ulutf of artillery for 
tho action," Certainly, 1 waftehinj t>f arlilkTy orchc l^ii^t corpa 
l»cf«ro \\iv flvtinn, fommi^iHk-il in lb a action directly under t-tontnil 
Lon^sLHiat'ft ordtra oit tbt fiirh) r lir^l llic wE^naJ guns, na asixici 
with (jeni?rai Lon^Blreet,, to oommanca th*j bonikdnlnvnlj and l 
iK'ver vbsi raliarad from nor did 1 at any tirna Miii<|ui>n my cora- 

maud Of all Lbi! prli]]ML-y «f Lht; Tir^t fcHji-jK*, until Jn-ng aftor GnJn- 
crnL [jt>ngstri.M;t i^as oniorcil LoTonnMFMj, and 1 wis >nlhwqu(iitly 
ap|n>inte.ij by the SMMiiury <:f l/Tut, ^In^p^tgr-tFcnorai of FinjbJ 
AnillxTv," in Marab nr April, 1S@J. 

1 raally rcg«t tbm, 3n juMiipt to my*ali' and to the rofljwtiftiHe, 
and [ limy s»y disiln^ui^b'Qd pontinn, 1 had tbo Lonor io fill uL tb« 



:>_■ Sa*£ter* Hirtmeat Jfrttrty Paperi, 

bfjtllt of (J*lty*bir£ I find myrelf rom|w]3«l u for the Enl lima 
■ice* tbf wir. Ifl pn*nn aa^MlT in prinL 

U my poor **(me« on Lbat wttgrinry mtti Irj'wft M& **« of 
any rilu* or of *ny merit, *uL-h u ibey wh+, t hiv* the pndfr I* 
wmti i.. |ir«PiTVa the r*cord or ibuin u Jo»r 10 mv und La my 
niy J'rLinnU, 

Your obcdwTil WrMBt, 

J. B. \Yaltqw, 



Gjuxon-itu G*„ iVrtnfef <f*, 1917- 
Cbfoptrf J, B. WALTo* h iVVnr Qrfdaii.- 

M» Vl\K Sin. I fi-nil in my i£<:otinL if Gettysburg jQflt 
publiii'htd, imbipitjuj ividarLs about our artillery offlccra. 

TIil- puragrnpb b^gi p-a'mg Hl Our artillery/' etc.,ibould road: On 
the 'M, ColfuLL'l Alexander's bntta]i«»n Iminp nl tho Jicrul of the 
coluim», lii} v.-rm itnlrreJ la assign tki-u tiaUL'rli'i* to positions. n»'l 14 
gciii'ml nHperTlaion, ponding the abttfmv >il CVLgiifll WbHgu, cLLef 
of prtflle ry. 

On ilii- Snl. Colonel Alexander b* iitg in oAour of oubfrhI prgrapl- 
tiHi, UguiLy, nd intelligent*, ptiJ btaLli^ DOM fftBtluU- with the 
groawj Id be ect&pfcd by the artillery, *■* directed loon tbut 
the bktlrriH wer* posted 10 lb« b»l kd*Mttfi> 

I bcjE |a iMqrv job thai il» idrt of ?nil*rl"chft|f with your p»- 
micmr.ifw, or ■.ulbority or fitomt tor your petition^ did not enter 
my mind. Your duties were «ucb u to ulcr yon *w»y fconi bewd- 
^uarto™, tvnd ofW™ reader it difficult to flail you juil it fh« right 
iilliiiioiie, ■particularly TTheo ibe entjr* «orp# »mn not together, ml 
wu tbo Oiie go tao £<]- 

On fAi! 3r^, C^fantf AlfJMtHif^'-j jjnc-CNTf arrvi'w, after awing IbAI 
tbo battcri«a wen? most advainnjienqily immlhiH, i^h tn &<; that jitld 
artiHtry wmw rffldy fo «*9W tfW* General Piekttt't dUdufJ, dni W piw 
pnr the ben/fit if his judgment at to (Ac momtut tkt fffttt of the <trtitier\f 
ait i f would jvttify *h* awttult. 



Liittr from General Lmftinti M Cottnd Tatjkr. 53 

I rtfferd Colo»E A leaner'* poiELlon en Lb« 3d dj tiUf «f en 

mjiwrf H*/ sJVw, more Hub our rijcn i»in ff #qjt authority iel * 
■n-.innrr c»LruLiHsl to pt*CC JOU in « jmj>^|>tf Mfbt. 

Hy Mcouut of Gcm-sbdrEj *■» [ml legclfan- rapidly/, us rar n 

fbo c#ll nf Ijse newfcpsptrs. u job will ■w. Suppownf* tbit 1 
■fcould TeTiow it ift*r LL *yjik Mpi^d, I lin.il mnde a not* of t'XpLina- 
tidn pf the ppparvm anomalous po*ltion of urMlloty oftlcqraj baL 
ttaf p*pern wans sont to pr^ before I hid an opportiini Ly to rend 
uid ewPMt IhkH point. 

I remain, very truly youni, 

Jam la LonosT¥Et\ 



54 Southern Htetvrkal Society Payers, 



<;™*-ra] Jiinn? LoaptfrwtN Arcounl ^r the CaoipaEpn fma Untile 

[The following paper i* not property one of our IL Ge LLy aliurg 
Series" and was net (silled forth by our etntuiry far detailed aar 
ralEves by active parlicjlimm*, pot l>y anything whit;]* we hm'b 
publiahod. 

In the cariy pan of Ust j-rt\r the Philadelphia TiW/i annouTjewl 
that it hud engaged General LotigflLr-rct to prepai-o his account of 
Gmjsbur^. and hdn article appeared in that paper nn the £d ol 
ttovornher last- Kui. we have no hesitancy in rcpublEahing- the 
paper, although it wan not wrilturj for on r pnges, snd vre ato undor 
no obligation to tQjitf a.n article tv bieh ha* Hint apiwared dHow bc-re- 
G^nem! Loajpttwet'n position as seeOnd ir> command at Getty a- 
bnT^, tbe Sinpnnant purl be hoi'e in the grtat battle, hi* nn^acfl- 
tioncd gallantry,, and the (net thnt ac fcn.iman.ded ah Eiobl* a corps 
as orer fcmflhl for aay cause— atL demand (bat, in addition lo bin 
*fficia] report {wbieh our &ociety published for t3n> linn time-), »fo 
S-litfll put iDto permanent form the narrative which ho now "ivo-a 
of these great events. Wo, therefore, print the paper in lull,] 

It AM been hJv [iiirjKHsr for swue yun to give to the pnUic a JcUsLnJ 

history of the campaign of Sttlyiburg, Grew iu iurapiinis io it* di*u- 

trdui tlHC. Tlie txftculioh of tint? l»k bm Ik^ii dclnynxi by niwn of * 
pw*A of jwwonal buvintK.', «mi by immii of a pi>n i JSVif reluctance that [ 
ll*?e fell ngnjnul ■nyihirrg I bat mljjlm, even Uy iMnliCnLtftihi imriujrn tbo 

wisilom of inv lire OWnrndei in ann». My linHre filling upon tlii* m^ 
jacttthoit eic]HfMjed in rlic following [e(ter, wbkh vna written iltortly 
fifl*;r tliu tattle of n^ttyitolTg.. wInHh [here frai a dy lLndcr.ciiTTEnlnTniun 
Tf:[iTH-*c^ tfl.1 iu»i of mj' coaraO ( audi in flu [i a d so En rh npppn.1 frnm Rrf-npoctod 
ivhtlvo that I would mnki> scrnf: ropier te my *GG\&wn: 

Dm 1 , CfLrii'LH C.'iirxTiraiiiE, 

July H, 1363. 
Hv D^*i U^ei-c; Your tetter* of tlno- J 3-th atid 1-1 ih Tvere reoebTOd on 
yMt«rtl*]-> AH& oar InU' hniCJc, I L-.miinl my mucti. I bava no rigbt Eg 
Riy JinyLhinp, in fact, but iri I] iroPlLUTO ft litllti for von aloJI*. IT it gOSt 
4o auat Mt'3 Hn^iiie, It mutiE Ih? uuJcr promiBt- th»E it wilt ^o no further, 
"i'bi*" Ijijttlk 1 '*j< imM Dlid« d» 1 vr-Diikt have mn.d-0 it. Uf idrn t»i Eo Lliraw 

fliirsrlv™ b?iw(>nri tbs ^nvniiy n-iiil ^^*»hirij(iMii, wtect *»tifong pwitioa f 

«ld force (lie filrtiuy EO SiLnck Hi. -So for u la given to ttfcn the ttL-Uity 



Oiim^i of Jjtt's Dffeat at {jtltyshurij. $$ 

14 judflft, n< miy my with t*nfid*nte tbat "8 should have «J«llTtty*d. the 
Federal army, marched in-Eo Waabinftcni and iliotaLed tiur tuTdiby *t f at 
trait, betd W*Jjbingt*tl. JWld m».rchod oTnr u ranch of P.nnn*y]Tania on 
w« c*rrd to, biul ivc drawn I be enemy Into attack npflootix oapofully 
eltMCTl petition in bia rear, G^nt-ml. L« chose (lie pinup adopted; and 
be if the p«H4tt appointed lo-ebrxufti "-'id to order. I coniudrr it a part 
of tii^ -dilty 1* ^Kpr*** my views Ea the {'ammnndin^'Qejirril. tt ]l(j 
approim and adtfpli tbein. !l b well jj if b« dw* not, it Li my duty to 
Fvdupt bii view*, and to csccutfi bin drdcrt *i faithfully OS if t3i*3f ifJiromiy 
own. [ frUtilNrt b*tp hut Ellin k that rrenL thuIEj ttj-uI-J luhvu boe-il *ti1-juh-ed 
bad my tlc*s Mn thought belter of; yet I am much inclined to accept 
the pjcsmt condition ot> for (he Wsl. I hftf^ and iru>t Lii.it il if kl 
Tfotlh priiu rrnti ni<v would nil be w<*ll Mtoaijrh, had it 1*0(1 prtCtiOtblt' ; »nd 
wjm duly thought of, tOOt I fticy tbat nogiand ideal upon Lliatcainpaigh 
will ho mnHiDncd at any [inn- thai did no-t HKttre (heir .'Ilbpit of «nsiil- 
enttMi by Gf-nrml Ijrr. TJm few IbincK that tic misfit have overlooked 
ImrV^Sf Y*eri_\ 1 bolw^, *Hgg*UQd by myMflC Aa vt-o l"'.ikd h I mini EoJcc 
mj ihara DFtbe ropanHibiJity, In fact, E -fould profor tliat fdl Ihf bLfuiiq 
rliOVtd Pft ltpmi nin-. Ai (Jencml Leo is Hinr ijonimsruti'T.. lav all-Oil l<l llalfO 
the nilppcrt Alld influP1iC« wo t"V gi^O bim. If Eb*; blame [it then* it 
nnyj can bn shifted from lilni 14 toe, I ilir.ll help ftim and our causa by 
til ki rig St. 9 d^iir**, tbf-rvFbov. tliiit all Ibe ruipoinilnLilv 1 1; nl *mi bo put 
upon me- r-hall go there Atld 4h*ll Ttfniajn Ehrwe-. The- truth weLL be kiv6wft 
in time, and I Era-vfl LbaE i* ali*Y* liOV IKUl-ch of the rcwppuMbiLity cf Oet- 
lysb«Tg T**l* on ray ihMiUlcn. * * * 

Moat aBfeetBWbfttaty your*, 

J. LcKGiXUXft. 
Si A. B. LosicwhEtr, I J*. V. r CoAriftliu, f?*, 

I HiiriMTfly TC-ptvi that I cannot sliiL re*L upon tliDt ]&t*ef. Hut I hero 
been SO rtlp«ne*tly and 44- paniMiHionly a^uLlfd by lhcm>* "-JiOsfi iuLluVtcy 
wiEli tlic OanicinnLdinj.C+UHOnil ill that bfiltlfii jB^vc an apjvarcnl import' 
*1(1« 1$ theiT aawulCr that I hoc! impelled far n HUM *f duty 10- five to 
the puhlie- a fitH and Mifiijwoli^nft^e narni-Einai of Ehc campiif n from, it" 
hoginninj; to it» and; especially when I r*fleot that liw pyhliivtlion af 
I':n' Eiiilh L-.irniHht now, nsi [E miptit hnviu done Ehrn, iryurt- 1 h* c-*a** ftw 
wliicli *rc r»uj;li! the bjiuto, TJi<- repeat that I ftirt!i*h ibti biKEory eq 
tlifj TSin^i eimiu4 opportunely, far the appeal juit made [lirOmsti tb* pTe"f 
by * dluSiingtiiihwt fi>reign*f for all information that will doretopo the 

catUcs of tbc fniLurc of [hit campjiigri ha) pt*Y*l:e(t *tiew i Li pturEiun 
■ntl draullcry dihcunioji, iind tlhhJcm a pJnin and IbgicnJ rctital of tbe 
ftc-ia botli ttm^ly and importsnl. 

After Ihc defeat of Jiunuidfi ut Frcdf-rickuhurf; En l>rcenalMit 1 it WU 
bcliuvjsrt Ebat Mlivf o|KmiLk>i^ wwa **cr for the winl^r, ftnd I waa wnt 



£8 Southern Ilittorical Society flnptr& 

with two diTwwHii of my carp* to the eMtem shore, flf Vilir.gl.nla,. wbcra I 
«uid finri food for my men during the wilittr, and wnd cupplica to (ha 
AMdj 1 uP N<ir! IlOtii Virginia. I spent jewnl month* in Ihii department, 
keeping llio enemy clone wLLhin hw fartifieAtcmtij Mid f(W*|jjirj£ with LiUEo 
trouble mid great *itcc*M, 0«v Hny 1st I wco-ived otdLT* lO TBOOTt la 
General Lee, at Fredericksburg. General Hooker hod &o|run ta thr^w 
his army (fcCPWatbe Rappahannock, and lhaac4ive<eainpajgn, wwtojrtaiiqf. 
I i^n Suitnlk nx s«m ii* po«jiih[er-"'d hurried lilV ti«»p3 forward, Fusing 
thresh Richmond, E culled Lo pay my rcipcel* to Mr. Sndttrm, the Se* 
rclnry al Wnr, Ht. Krddan wnsi at the [imp of my visit deeply MiniJe-ri 
irif; tlio eriEical rcondifion of Pons her (on'* *rmy Jl YicJtBburjft around 

which (ha. Grant *u then tletiaUtflv drawing bin linen. 11a informed 

tijc LEnd hi? k-nd in canirrnplnliaii n pinn Far e^lteciit'nvLilig * MKcOr-Jnc; 
army at .lackmn, Mi*i. t under the KMHIBfttld 0? EJentfral JabnUon, with 
a view of driTtnJ GTMlt ta hif-Sit: YLeknbarnj by a direct Likud nL irmi. 
He ndggebEed []i*1 pmiibly my eurii* miftht bo needed to Hlkke Lhe iTiuy 
jtronfj enough to handle Grfoit, *.nft a*kenl ni& my view*. I replied that 
there wm * tatter plan. In ray judgment, For rclLimnp, Vieks.hurg than 
by A direct iKuvuEt upon Grunt. 1 propouid that the njmf then otaLCeii' 
Initinj; at .Focfcaop, Mis*,, he mOYed *wift]y to Tollahomn,, n-licra Gcncml 
J5f*jJ.l! nfiB then located walli a nut; army, confronting nn *rmj' of &.bout 
*»| Lk n 3 jlrtngEh, under GaneraL k<necrani, urtd that at Iho same- titue- (1)6 
two diviiioni of ray eorpi Ixr hurried forward to the S6S0A fAnnl. fiin 
limultpnif^u*. ani-V^l- 4>t (liiTi' [■tinfiirMfUfnU w^Kild fire ua a Rmndanny 
kt TullaliDTiia. With 0\.\* fumy Gflieffl] Jfilimwn tui^li t »fju*JfcLy crriat 
ftfwr-^ini.i, : M u] -.hnt ill! iJimild thrn Eu.m hi* force lowirrd thfi nurLh, andj 
FStli bis pplcndi-d army much thraitjttt ToriRc***0 »r>d Ksimt-tfey, ind 
LhirnkMi [hn LnTRsiciji <jf Ohio. My idea »U. []i^C- in tfati riinrcJi (hTDU^b 
IJWMS ?■! iV - "III 1 nni3]f would mrc-t no orpruiLifJ otHEructirjn ; vr«ridd ho 
tuppti&i with pnavinign*, «nd even reiTtiorwiniGnt*, by tho« ffjomdLjr i* 
cue cnu*f\*Tvd woilhl iiTfiTllflbSy result in dmtving GniiL. r y »nny I'lili 
Vickduifg U> look nftttr and pralcct hit awn Eerritory. Mr. Bcddon 
Aidiicr^cd to ]iis t;ii>rinj.L viuvwn j not my rriufrhi. I tliink, fnni ki^ grMii -confl- 
dnn™ in them ;w froai 1l:e diffiruliy of wnlidrnwiug (.lie, fbfeft au^Etnt&d. 
frOtlii Qtri^nl L»^ rumy I ^ru vtry Ihiorauflfily irapimMid vritk tbit 
prncticabililv of iho plan, hcivrwmr, nml nb^n I racked fitinjri] [,^o T 
[kid it beffi!^ hi(M wi<h tbe frwlojn Jili-lifi-fid by out dole p£Sndii>t And 
olticinl iclntLLHij. The idu Banned ta Ihi a nnv ana to him, but ka vtoj 

■ijTidiTHly MPiourty inipro^od with it. TV* d,i**u.yfrd it fl-ver md ovop r 
>bd I diaKjCertJ thtt Wn ti'i^in ebj^ation !* It w*b [kflt It woiiW, if 
adapted. Earca him. to divide bin army-, fie- Itlt no room to dinibE,. IiOW- 
OVQF, that he believed the ide^vT" 1 o-flrpin.iTO cnropaigD wna not only 
tmpertfcut hub necewsry. 



Guuct of Lc*"t Ikffai at Grftydvr?. 57 

A^ ]*-*£()■.■ whitf w* w*ra dkeooan£ the idr* of ■ iiitifli firrwud 
pkar^Bi*n.t. h» wktd dm if 1 did not Ibink in iiitmmi ■of Marjluid ud 
Vwbmj truht bf bii* e«n innj wn«li ueoeapluh ih* hbw rno-lt, wd 1 
replied tfait I did rat m» that il would, frwn ** till* 
b# (jm h»j*jdau*. ind lb* campaign. ia IruJrwjjhl )• L'niafl fit 
WfcuLni boot* tLnw «nd grater prepWntUin than Wl* through TeBT t Hi W 
ind JtflUUok^ I lOOr d.iWTOmi that ha had ilB|*fmliirel (tint ha would 
UuLu Hiiir forward Hurt eiufrnl, mi.d I flrpiHy ft"Hi«Li".L :lnU :Iii> iVirmy]- 
TMlll WI1H|Ki||gll I h~| i |j; 1 1| ~L bp faroiLgltL to a iUWHHHJul Umid if ha QlUlllI IFlfl-k* 
JL Dlfohpk* Itk ■tmleftjr, hut dof&»N*» in laatiai, " L" J 1. 1 a point ma* urged 
with fmil |it-r»iilvncy. 1 Mi^gu»t*J rim!, fc(Vr plHTCifl^ V*i»nfTLv»nift 
>iid EiLRihnCMIJ! Wn+bin-lan, we iltould rJiof»w * ttrurag poiitinft And] fare* 
tlia Frdrtwlp Hi lltfeck It*, (**epvir| (htL tlm popuLv clamor lbrorUe.beul 
the Sotib wruM »pc*daLjr Im™ tiw- F*d*r*l Genwftl to tiM-rapt iq drir* 
V out ] nadhd U> ban tbe hmlLl*. of Fredvncktbwg ■* ma ■■* UUK* of 
a dcftrtftdv* bwtlb-, *bft. wjli j f*w iboui*ii4 mm, ■# hurlrd lb* *bol* 
F«4tial mf bark^ crippling and d+rt»f*tuiNJ il, «4lh ttiftit* ion hi 
Utf 4>lt tff04f*i Urd Cbucti tannic* »* *n kulHMofu aO>ruLTf»b«4tto, 
irbtn we dtilodgtd lb* FedrfftH in 14 tm*, but Hi HHh 1 IfrribLe ncri- 
ftea lliiL halt i doien joeb rictorie* would bar* ruiiivd il*. Il "ill ha 
MBl*Htbflr«l that liUm*»illl J#d»on ooita uid lb»t ""« rannilitfif* bit 
to drive llin- anrmy frara > p4*lli«n i llwjr nl*H|l full to ii»i« u*-" I 
ppiuhnlritL |il ill, tin*, or X spelean' a uAdcM U MnrlflOnl, to w|">ra bra Hid, 
wlihii |iu1tkEi( tiiin ni liio head of An invn4ll|.j( *rmjf, "H«Lnctjr*nir ground 
tnl runlet yeur eittMny »t**ck you. ri I t-MwkL Uldh |Kilnln »liH]tly hcciuBft 
[ ilruM la hHToil dinliiiillj' aT)4«r«|«od I]lU, wbiln I flr»t iuRgall«4 U» 
(ianarnl 3^* [ha kJti* of *,□ oftTfn-ibT* c*di|,«i(r. t wu lieTiH- fWT*U»d*a1 1* 
jklil. mr "JiirJLrTl ifiiiiii tfaa UElEvilair-jt MilHj^lsit, ^n-cpL wilti Hib- 
■nulrnlft-bdinjl ibn* *t w«* BM tfl d«li»»f m oBViuin t»ltl« f but W » 
muh»«vf* laiit Ibn nfmj ilscmbJ b* fer«pd (4 «M*d( u»— « T bo repott, 
Ui«t «ur M — r-'f" •honM b* one of oIhwii vtninqr. baft d^fifniiTia Km> 
lie*. L'poji ibii ImilrrmndllH nr "^m w»i xuvn, ud &rnr»l L**, 
wb« bid bean bind nroagh to duns lb* BMlhf *hlb B* p*Uffitlj h gatP 
|)m onbr or miireJi. 

Th" Bt***m*Fil *■%* hfi^mi oq its Jd ofJuna. ItaLnw*' dirauafi «f JDJJT 
oorpt U'»T*d aal of rVftUtitfklhdrK far t»tlp*P"r <VniTtbnuM r Mlowud 
bv Kvtb1I'« corf* on 1 ha lib >nd 5th al J una. IfiwwJ'" diTi»L<Ml ft ml SlP- 
iri'i eHVttr; [rtnr«l *l the t>mt tLma, t>n thn Hk wp fauml lno fu.ll 
ooTjii { (bt IMdVatlS division liftdl ^oln*i| lim tlnnij >lnl SHnrt't e*v*lry 
M»nc«nlr>trHt nt Cul|v*pn Caurtliauae-. In Iba bicirilllria n JftTgc- tolMie of 
tfaa ?nlprm]i, d»vilr_v mlJ inftntTlf, !u*d hof-n Ibwrwrt urou tlin- Rnpp*F 
b*,iiii!K-li Rhil *vbl Loallijcb Ornrfnl bMuftHn TIiot W*r« «D«uHt«T«d ftt 
Jlrjuiitj Station on Ihv QtontLag of [La lib,, and lv|HtL«cd, Clanenl Le* 



J>8 Smiihfrn Riatoricql Switty /fyser*', 

Mr* of loit ene* ijernen L : u 0n Lhc ffLli a Impo foror of Federal navulrT, 
BtTivnfly niijijioptcd by infinity, erokipd ihr- fUppalianno^}: a( Eagerly'* 
Vt.>;->i :<-i'i frinwked Cfe-rtu«il SLurtt!. A *#Yoro engMjunitiit tiDanL pm. 
tinning from early in the morn iiiff un1 il late in the. afUirnctmi, wh-nn the 
enemy w** fiwfl^l to rccrcw ih# rivn 1 with lto*vy low, len-vlng four liun- 
dr*d |iii-nnrrn, three iJlecw *f artillery, n.nd se^ernl soIof* In our hinds*" 
The Fn LI lire of tfeneral L« to fa I loir up hit ■clvn.nlap-c, hi' pominj; the 
heavy F<niv!^ eonco'aiJ'htpd at Odpepflr Cmirthouso upon thi-i de(a$hmqn? 
ai 1ne IVdemhi, miiliMii«l my convict ion*, tint be hnd determined to 

oisfce # d-jfoiw.T* h*<t.fl, and wwild pot ultow any wiia] dlr*nt*j« to 

yreciplLnl-c il filial nrn! Mn^-iijT-i'riii.'iiL. If hv had hud any Men of abnndtVn -■ 
inp the oririnaL plim of a. [aclieal delV-miTT, than, in ray jurl^niriit , ttss 

th* time to lLA.vtj done *». W|»|* m Cidp+per, 1 **nt ft truily scout [wbo 
hud been lent to infc kip Secretary $vdcLan while I wu at Suffolk) vrilh 
jjiitnictircniH to go Lnlo tho Federal linrn, diMvyver his policy, and hring 
me all tli-o InforowkHt he cn«M ipOMiMp pick up. When thla*couta-k*d 
m«-. vvtjt iignificnnlly. nthc re he rbotald -report, I replied: "Find ina, 
whcmiir I am, vrbf-n jujh have Ihp dMJred LnfpnnatuHi." J did Ihb 
btMiniiie I reared io Ini'l hint will, n kncvrledgn nF our rature mC«,'em.f-n l*, 
I MLpTdtcd him with ±11 the gold he needed, and in>l runted him to *psrc 
nrltlier fiahm inoi- money t* obtain full And *ecurat* Infomaatfwv, Tb« 

infonnalLDn pnlbered by th.ii mint led to thfl radii LremeiidiiUl TCJUll*. 
**. TvLtL *<xra h* **en, 

CSe-nrrnl A.] 3 . EJ-.IL, liar lug; It-Lt FTcdetiek<li,lfg ±4 loan a* (Tic enemy 
had ivlirnd fTnm hi a frnn., itju *iHibl to falLo-iv Eivell. vrho lim.l inarrlie-:l nj> 
Ih*- Viillty hiiA tH*Mb& it of Hit F^dtraK Mj Wtjm ]*Ft Culpeper aa. 
Ihfr I'jMi. n,riul h with n ^i*HY of cOVtfrittf iht! mareh *>f Hill and RirpU 
Ihronfli tho Valh^, rnnvcJ nlon^ tin? cntl udo of [li-C Bill* RUgo4nd 
r ■■--■-■. 1 1 lied. Ssfiick'T'* And A-^hhjr'* (Sapt, Jitri tho lino of the- l31ue HLdgt!, 
Ornccat StUaFt ni In inj- frOht find Ott 1\iy flank, TWWi.noii^Tinp tho 
nifivf ments <\i tho IVii^mN. Wlion it vrns toaad Lhnt Ho4h«F did iHrt 
[fitcifid t{i*<[HOl(. I w|tridr*w 1« tbe w^t **dft nm3 itiiPchftd Io th*^ l h Mo- 
ronc. Ai I iraa trrwinf tho hluo Ki'lgC, 1 Instructed 0«n-0Thl ^Luvi to 
■f-i!l'\' iii ■■.:•.!":■ I iiiom«* lh.it Pptomac nt KltepliieTdMCown. t-vIlIL- 1 drdeud 
6.1. U'lllinmApqirl, i«« lllitw rdiOW. Im Tnply t^ th^rt iTmLnielionF, Gen. 
feLunrl inrormed me Mini hr hail tll*ere[5ori*i.T7? pO^eH: wh*TC-il.pcm T with' 
dp*w. (jlij-Tinrjl JSniAFt held the Gnp far Nirbitr. and then liilrriutl arfrilhd 
toytind Hoofcet'r. Sl-my. *<ld Wi f*W nothing jhopo oF him until tl* even- 
in jr of 1hi» 2d of .Ttily, whrn trt ciiniD dowrt from Turk *nd jmn™l vs, 
having nnadi." * crimpL^ce cimniL oF thp K«lrTuJ urttty. Th* llweiVCG of 
SLniiTfj: ™v*lty frtHll the Ti.ni*! body of tho army dming ll'iA QlhTCh Tl 
elaimed to ba-vo berrt n hLol error. In 0^i1«P*l Loe flays: "Sd repitrl had 
been recoiled [an the liTUij lliAl th& fnffliny had crosicd the Potoiilfit-, 



*/ Z*f* Defeat ttt (jtfytinny. .>& 

Vf/A lb* ab**n**ot lb* raTalry rrsdtnd it InkptwriM* to obtain HCTfftt* 

iaforuitlaa." Tk* annT. Ihen>far#, ewd brwafl to * nil tnif ht walk 
oirw itHA|f ground *aib hi* *?« rhu(, OmiiI t** up of bit ardor*- 
1« Slu^rl "U«-ri*r*J $(U»rl <**i left I* gUlfd 111* p i i" of Ilia nunin[|*ini 
an J la oWrv« Mm mmr jnrriU or [he mnny h whaffl Jl* «** LniLruatod to 
lurrim Hid JittjfHi^ m much ■* pwible. ilvmild h* ai tnin|ii to craw the 
Falomic. In llml «THii[ h 6ehcik1 *Uijrl '-"' <\<f> l«l I" nifvii inlo Hi- 
TyUlld, aroMinj; i|if> IVJomiie an tlu* dmIoi w**l of lli*Jllu* Rtilf;^ » in. 
bli jll'JpiDLcilH tliOllLi b*h*H, ttTWll t*kfl [W^tLni]! on ill* rlfllH- of *Ur <»]- 
umn pii El ulrirf+il." 

Sly onf|ia apflMM) tlm Tatam.ic at WinLs:ii>|--irr r nil ■■ l"j(in*hfc.l A, P. Hill 
cnmcd at KhephenltEOifrn. Otff «LttEttn* w*r#jiST*n loflithfral ilagtir*- 
tiiwrt. and, w* marc-bed tbeaee Enlo l>nniTlT*oi*. mtdhln*, Cb^mlwri- 
lbai#ofetb*4*onh*t: oftb**7«b, Ai ihi+ paint, in tfc* «ngb* of tbo 2Wi, 
InijUtaUna «m twmwt bj *hurh Ibe • h'tW JiUn nf *■• eamnaifn W 
nhalfll W* had Ml hwi &w Ibc hhiit for Wltwl d*jt, ■■d Gtn. 
Lh*h In dooVt M I* «hw* h* *u: ted^td, ■+ Jul ml Itnv- lHal fa« 
bail ml left Virginia. Al aUvnl 10 d'ciuck thai fAjk\ CotOBfl Smrrll, of 
cbief-ef ■(■(!. «M waked lij an etdn^ thn mporlH ihkt * iUirucLoni 
poiwn hid juil Uon nft#ii*d b? ihf fnoroil-roarthal. 1>»ti JnrtttijPr 
timi^^Hrrrlt tlli»wnrtridtli*i lb* *uiplelQ«i |>*r*on wi* (Un ^ih, ITarriion, 
[IliI 3 huri«cnil nLii pit i.'u]|iejTr. lie Wtt dlrtllnlnvd^ lna¥elt»oTfl 1 Mid 
TCFV mi](]l tirrih ^tl dawn, Afltor ijufiilinniii^ liim ■hllinniitly In find lhaE 
he pjm»i|Ih ¥*rj Important Information, ■!>■ to™ I Sormll iim.ijjlit l»ni lo 
my li'-nilqimrlPii nnd sYrokfc cup H* £*** lb* LHnMMilH (1ml tb« 
«nfmf hail rntiuij lLt» Fobmnu, mruHird norLli»r™«. "(m! lJ*nI Ihe bewl 
of b» «iJuim> **>■ ii Fr^lfTn-k Oil}', en 4ur f tpjthi- I hti ih»t Ibbi inibp. 
nuE iiin w*t *n»*JiiijrlT Lmpartinl, md Uijbt iHmIt* * «bK«fn bl |fa« 
dtmlton «' aur nineh, G«4#nl Lh had mMFrmdj hmn4 mlem ibai «• 
fnr Eo ■■(»■■*> lamnnt UnnUwf. Tb* n*«t nMtvinC I n* ana* «nt 
%h+ ***l* M»{l*n#nl Le^t br»4qiiirtrnv an4 faHtHwt bin hljfwlf «rly 
bi lb* o*mhp>|l I tbw4 G««*l l>* ni> -*a ..k*-J blm 4f ib* ■p^'Htshk 
1km bnrnfhl bj- lltr -rCTiil IHigbl *w{ i.b*t>1** * ***■*"(?■ at <Utt*t'»n of lb* 
hr »«] of our nsflumu lo El>r ri^lit. U« rmiii'^lhl''Ljr *p*jijh-*c*J M tbomff 
pwliiin, |Hi«iUy ufinj; tiial be bad ain-aily pivpin nldiii lo tlml efltct 
Tb* mwf*m*iit l»w*rd rh* «in*»j wj" l»ji(in ■! rthn, IlitL mp«*«n 
toward ClolL^ilHirj, anrl mj oorpn ro]3oweiJ. Willi tin ^i^filion ff Pidl- 
CU'h d|vliinn r wlnob wm kft st Ckh!nliPT»biirjc kiy (krimrul T^a'i Qrdart. 
f>rll **B» T*r*j(ml frdm nhov^ — h-i hkrlrif ndvuncnt ■■ Imr ai C^rli*fn. I 
tTtu with llrttiFt] \** molt of ihftt daj (tli« SOlli'l. Al aboul noon lb* 
it»4 In TKint of m/ carpi rraa blo^k^J bj: lldl'p. mip> *n4 Ew*|L'* wnjjan 
Irqin. »hk h liiii rut Ifll* lh* r»d ffCIn nb«vr. Tb**ofd^™ »Hr* l**llsw 
1b«l4 mini t4 ft«4Ml* Us ntKt lhat ^v ill <kj|i| 04 tnjM> **mp al Or«n- 



60 SoittAfrn Hisiorftal Society Papers. 

wood, *t>Wit ten Idituo Irom CnarjibeTrtuTg, 5Iy idftnlrj' traa forced to 
ferfMin J™ tirrenwcod until Ufa in the JiiWnOfru of tbe lit. My artillery 
did iuiL get (Uq. HKtd UlKil £ o'tlock On tlio rucming of tin;. Ltl. 

Gniu;ra| Lee *pent the nipbl with u*, <^iia|hli*hing list hctdnunrtfin,, rut 
ha frequently did, a ahort: dbMane* frora mine-. General fjw wye of the 
BlOlfcinEnEi of thiadfty: " Prtparnl ion had bc*n iund.0 to adl-ftciM llBim 
Hnrrh.'burg ; hut On Ike nijjht. of Iho 2(>tb inTflimiAliOh wfw rcc-irad frani 
■ HWtll lint the enemy h;id erwtnx] Lh« I'ofcriuac, wi* advancing north- 
Triyd^ «n<I that th* he*d of fail column biul already rotthgd &Mfllh Moun- 
tain. Ai out GMuluuiticfltionis with I bo Petomftc wet a ill lit menaced, tl 
was reAOlvod to prevent hi* further nifOfiireia Itt dni direction by concon- 
trating dui nimyofi the eut Bid* *F (Itt nununminj,.' 1 On the morning: 
oF iho hi flenefnl Lee find raywtf Ml ]|i* hendquarten. together, and 
bail ridden three- or four utile* YFhr-n wo hoard heavy tiring it-fa ig Hil]'*- 
front. The niing tacama W heavy (Lai ticracnii E.ei! Lifl mi- find hurried 
forward to kd what it mean!. After a( Lending Io imua datailx oF my 
march, I followed. The firing proceeded from Ihr: i^gAgoniflnL hfllweeil 
0OT adnno* aitd Jtoyno]d!i r corns, in which the. Federal* wert re-pubed. 
Th.il reiiCinire wna trjlatly n naif pe*ted OH both aide*. As nil evidenoo of 
the doubt inwhioh (ita i -era I L<ec irm (invclufwul , And the Anxiety Unit- 
Kf ifihfld him down during tho aftOTnoon, I a-oaLc froJn General H. H. 
AndflftOii tho report of * Mnvurtaliun liad Trlth biro during th$ e-ngago- 
rurnt. Crc-o.i?.rfJ. Andrrwn wlu je«inj; kL:1l iiis 1 1 1 -i. i m -. ■> i b at Ca'*rili>i*n h 
awaiting order*. A bant 10 o'clock Id tllO nl*r4Miip tie recciveAa ninun^ 
notifying him thai G^jnoral Irfe d«if«L to aee bioi. >Io found poo. IhSO 
Intern ly liitntlng io- tfle St4 <&t the ptan, mad very mnch di»tUTh«J find 
depewwd.. At tfingth lit paid, morg t^ hiroiflf Ehatl 1* (re-hurtl Andfir^ 
■on j * I cannot think wlut lite Irraoznc of aiunit; ] ougllt to llaVO he*rd 
frton him Ecmg hefort now. Ho mjy hR-Te mot Wtlk dL«flt*r, but I bapo 
notr En (Ili> ab»nc« of report* from hiicn, [ atti In ignr>mno0 iu lo vrhat 
Wehtvein frmntof q* hefe. Il ma/ b* the- wliolij FfdfjriJ army, or it 
may hft^jily a nEfjUrlinicnt. IF it in the wbota Federal force ive must 
fijjnt * buttle, here; if wo do oot £*\n K victory tliOct dshllnw and gcrjrai 
Ihroujih wJiicb wn jwtwd tliid morning will ihclt^ir ui from dtuiUiF, 11 

lt r beo 1 ororiOftk General Lee al n o'clock clmi nftflynoon, lie Uldj t* 
my twrpril*, tint ho rhouclit qf altaeltJng Qcn-cHtl MeJtde UlHUl (1l& 
kolghla the- luiit day, I euggeit&i that tbii cOuno Hwmed Io be at van. 
anco vritli the pl*n of the £riin]»aign Ilnl had been jejreod upon boEaro 
la*ving Ftedericki-'tnirjj. ] lii paid: J| 1F (ho-on^my !h cliof-o !o-oi-oir*w, ire 
mutt attack blrn." I T^plifld: |f he. U lliWC, It will b* he**u*ohfriB nnjf 
ukii tlial we »hn«b| ^LUnok liim^a gbod rtunn in o\y jud£io«nL lor not 
dglng io." [ lltgi'd Uinl -ftc Jtmild move around by our Ti^Ut to th^ l^ft 
of Me*de and put nur army balw^cn lijcn and liVarliliijjton, tlimtOning 



Oaaa of Ltc't Ikftttt rtl {*<tty*l>urp. 61 

ik left ■■* r**r, mod tin* l«t him la *Iult% tit- in wdi fomlNM> ** ■* 
nifbt **t**i. I m44 iK** it bm (j to ttn* ihri ft dwrini «*t eorocil ai 
Fwwp rlrfc .biirw,, ■*h*o. dnerubfd )b* ^•k^h hi Thjfh» tn ii i l tm frt 
lb* t«4 kiml*t, ■■• WflU B« h*t r*p«t«i in g-n th# *-n*n*jr m i, bettFY 
pHlllnp fftf u+ Hud. In*! bt tb*o rtfouf <i*d„ J uJd n furtber, IbU b» iu 

111 Ktniut jumillftfl I'M W(tll|d I* AWiKlttK U*. w|nrh WU rvLrt>f|*r ib*( k* 

drawl !hnl Wfribaukl altick him. 1 ukL, fuTlUpt„1hn hti ~™fe point 
iCirmf'L la h# bLi Jcfl ; h<Nic(* I Ibriught tlnl wi* iliould mnvm nraund Iq 
Iili Inn, tint** niisliL ihreAt^n it if w<i inl-urnled. to mannurrv, of aUAGk 
it if wp wrfBdptOTmlTiMLiipom n bulk. I ftillrd Iili trumttmt » iht f»el 
I lint tin' country verm idimrabLy n-,lAp1mi] Hufe' i dn'i'ir-Mfp- Inlllf, and tbnt 
«■} pltQi*!4 "Mfnlf repulsn 3$t*dft with r-nirth mi.u l-p-* IT w« would tile* [>(fcpU 
lian «o ** to fatfr* Him 14 n.iln.rb uv Find piitfjjrvErd to*.t r¥«nj if w* CArried 
thi- hri^hli in faint of u*. and drav* H«-^i'Lp oul, w* ifaauld be to t*d]j 
crippl#d Eh4l *» emu I', a 41 map vb* fm iU ■jf •drli.rjr" : Mid Ibai lb* bllgbil 
of n^tijHtwrf «tN Lb titudm of iw Don la^nrtak* » » than the 
ptHUjJ ■# lt*fl 6*<Hpi*J , ±o4 tb*l lb* TTFTf BI—fll>eB ■I' Ibe ground 
«m nK worth * hundr*d mil Co oil Thai MtnaVp mf, PM* in pii*ilL>a T 
»n* WT obj»*"li™. General Loe otbp inpvrtavd wilb lb* kd*a ibfti Vjf 
alLsckihi lb* Frdnnli b* - Wild n bip lln-rn in di>lat1. I rr minded bitn 
OlRl If tbv Fndenli Were [h*lT it. lliC HKHWIHj It nnuld h* proof Ebit 
Ihe^ hwil Ibrir fnropi wtll in band, nml ihhl with Flflkelt in Cliunlra»' 
liurn itnl «tu*rl nut af r<-n(ib, m* Hhoulii bo *i.4il'HrHii4 tn ft«l«il. n«, 
Iifiwii¥«r, did Ji*i «4>«ni lo n,b*ndffii th« ld?*oi ■nick em eIl-d neitt dajf, 
lie ■■■rlFlcil MIM^r a nulKlucd e-jccileinimnb wliirh -h^.\i,i ni|ibl]y l*iok fnT*j>ji- 
linn or him wh«li " tiw hwt»u up," »"<L tlirssHelUp-L Iili »lt|ffrfh *<|Ut- 
n«k#. Th» ifanrn batlte foilgbl by Hill nml B«fll no I kit dijr bhl giy«nj 
him * tw.tr. at" »ictOT]f r Upon ibi» pcinl I <|U4.p 0*n*f*l FLLihoeb L** r 
wbn k>|., •.pKfljgl.hj 4f (In atLuk an th# H: "II* toll tb* fuller af Ibtn 
mrit*r I hit brolbirf Ihu hr w*t «oirolJiMl loo fir fcijr llm fr**l CWldiaCJ 
b* hll to lb* fijhtnif qaalilira of In p*»fiEr P *bo b#fi*d »implj- t* b* 
■tjrn«d bM*, h ifld b? Ib< uhculyi of meal vt hi- b4«b*r <-flk*l?,"' T 
t*fl (niiwil l«« quit* kl* Ml tb* pifht of th« J»l. SptwaiiV of Ihe tni- 
tl» on I b* ftl, 0««il Le* bji in hii «1fJdal rrpacl ; " It bid oat bni 
ini4>nd*4 to Ajfet 4 feneral butte it ruth * dil4ftrH* froni maw hiw linleW 
«lUckrd hjr ihf *Hf mjr i but. finding ountlTM ud' n|>*«<*>dl*; con farm trd 
by Itif f**dfril irmj, i( WcnteUr 1 mftlfv sf dlPflnully L.-. ^Tllhll^fF. , * tbir-n^b 
Ihnnsunttdni wHh auw Eirjpi 1t»Ihp." 

Wbm I kft. tfrn&nd lrf« on thfl ni^Jit or Hip Ul, I Mif^i*! h^ bid. 
Uh4« up Idi iiiloJ toaEluh, hut *iH**lpfiilrhl tllil lin bnd mil y*t (l«(er- 
mintd M In wbirn Ibi: ntlAck should hr- titaJr. TI|4 lUrrlian ILnl Uadft 
by CtvltPMl P»p.i]otoIp, Mid *yih(n-d by hticmifolpniEPir Elitlt »M ordwwd 
loDEwn ilu ■lUtfk- it hipjeHm, I* totftllj ffJih thwuiQunury iritiraony 



62 ifruihem fli&tonicut Swifty Prjpa-s. 

upon ill It point will ho ]tTOT?ntf*l in the odutt4 of llil? JH-ticlfl. SntTLqr* it 
la my ■[ pr*senl that Oearffnl !/W T**v«r in bit LLT-a pnrt ra* OHloi* t» 
OfWJtan ftttn^li at asproiiia laoilf, 11-4 *i* r^r^lly j:iLi>fmi that when 
T hid my tr*OJ» ili pmiitLnn. and wni tirdvrcd to *(1flelc p nil time wru- ever 
Int. On iht night of Iu6 1*1 I left hint without any Ondtn *t *ll, On 
taHDOTHiTig **' the£ii ] went !o GttHITftl Lot'* hwide.iLarUjri « dnyliglll- 
;i.i .i | r.i;iii-.vi-i| my vjr-wfc iijmiri't muttiug in ntl;wk. lie Wicd rajoUtfdp 
hoiruvcTY nnd *to diwubSttL (ho piyrtM-blfj mull*. Ik obatrt&X the ponr 
tiflii ef tli« F«dcrn]i and pil a grnNld idea *f th* suture* of Hip ground. 
About msnTJMJ Amoral Ij>o unit Colonel Venule, of HI* itAff, 1a (Ji-ik-hiL 
Ewel!"* heauKjuurt*-™, OrtWJng him. I» nuikp a TKcamrinSUrtiitf ef the 
ground in hit fraaH h nilii a vEkt* of BTrtkiftg lliO main .slLadc on hi» left. 
A *liQrt (imfr •fterTardii ho followed iJoloneL Ve-n»h]<j in ptKon. Ifo 
xoIUTncd nL Jiboiit !f u'oWk ami informed me thai it would not Jo to tlATa 
Ewelt to open iWiHacSc. flc- fiiinliy Je-UTrtiiftfrd IhrfiL t ibmiNC mnko Lho 
main jUtJictc on thfr *Klf<jme fijlM. U wasi ful]jr L] O'elfrfk w|^n fier,*ral 
Lra arrived at thin confiluiiori hit J OPUlwd. tlm raavenLmit, tn A* mean- 
time, by Gerujrat L«'i juutharilyj Ijw's lvrijKtflK whLch hid been jhlL 
upftn pitiliei (Ittty, wftji ^Ttlc-red U» rejein my camniancl, flint UJjOu my MiJJ- 
jreitien tint :l iWwld be bttler to *w*it 1(4 wriTJiI, General Lee aawnLcd. 
Wo 4ir«itC*l tbout forty mLnulci Cor tliem fcfOOJiS ftinl then movrd IbrwHTd. 
A-ilHriy (rf M^f-ral. hour* occurred in ("be march of the troop*. Tha uuid 
of (.liU delay wm iltn.i we bail b«n oidtrfil by Ckn?»L Irf>* to p™c*cd 
■: sli-; i''iij] y bpaii the (>3T«*'ii mafpfriC in u 1o moid IrtilJjJ **^<*tj hy ibn 
en*nry r General Let Ord*hn! Colonel Jolni*ran, cil hi* rii[{iiu:rT torpH. » 
]«d mid conduct thg head of tL« tftliimrt. ^Iy troopi, thnTcrorflj. niaTlid 
ranraTri unJei- {Hi iiUncs at m. jjHbciaL olUcCr ot <Jon*i?ai l-&r, and wilh 
iiwvciion» to Mtow Ma dtnwtwnt, I ]*rt OmmJ I,** only after she 
lira Wi* *tKicli«i out on the irtnHili, ntnl TOrtt alonf; with Uood'iiliTi»LOi», 
whi^b wi\» in t2i« yeiif. The DHHib -vriu nwi'jsnrily llow, til* OOIlrilnctor 
fH«i|nnit]t pncounleriihs jrtibt* tB*t*Kp*i*cd thfl trar.jM Ea ! lit v if* of the 
*ignil fit&tion On R*onil Tflp. At Lang.Hi taAflDbaUi 1 1 : l I tn ■ ■: L . After Walt 
ing *ome [iinc> bU|.i|KWthg (l»nt It WWlld JOrai more foTitnrd. 1 wnt to (ho 
frtHit W inquire the accnflLun tii Lhe delny. 3t via* mpoilwl liihL the col- 
umn ■wnoaWflttSPfc the move-menm el Colonel JohutKni, whn wm trying 
10 U*d. it by D4Tae ifOUte by whith it could pumu? iw marth Trjthrml Tall- 
ing Under vi^f of Ehc feJpnll ni^llnl ^tiLtwn. Looking u[i !0*^rxt ]Ji.)n(ifl] 
Top 1 mv Lhntthc fi^nal alatimi wulu lull 'tk'W, and, ni we oouLd pliinly 
KO tbii ibnlidri. It ra appnTfiit thai our lifriVf oolumri" w*j( *e*-n Ireon 
tbelr pojiLtLojt,. ami EJml fnftlwr effort* te> cenceHi.1 OUMelVM would b« a. 
wMto of time. 

I became very iul|ia.l;i«<|t nt thii deln>V nwi ilel^rmiTi^ to lake Upon. 
myself the pom Donubi lily TjJ hurrying the Iruop* fbrwanl, 1 did net order 



CauMS of Lm'& DtftM df GtViftbtfij. AZ 



Of mrrmt If rLaw. fefmud hcu^ a. Ih* fend of lh« 
•arwtoHtoti fron fltiKnl 1*» u> fcUcw Hw<tM— I rf CMoail ■ 

Thmtm* I Ml ardcm la Hood, afc, *M i* tJja rw kftd mm nnn- 
brnrd bj lb*** initnKijppw, 14 (ph.Ji ItL* diTJHo* forward by tb* mt 
djiwi t**h» H U t4 lake position oa -my rifhl. II r <d ■■! .ft, BD d thui 
ot^k* nfi ItiP- 'tfj*j-. The troop* w*nh rmpl-Hj thmwn jnln pnaikiuEj and 
pr*.fiHTHlfl.in wh* mode far Use Mhicfe, U hiap b* proper ja.t lit** to 
aqinni*r l||« rflnllva **r*na(fi mil pwilinn r>T lit* tmrnTinift*, Ou^arniy 
»P* 5:1,000 infant ry h MVodiTi ma* flSJKXM UMM P»* Ml hipliHI %ii.r** and 
itm-niiini^'i lewtol. W e tjiul tcunrd on Ih* nljfltl at Iha |»t, frtrrt loraa 
]trn<iPi4-H cnptkued iwnr 3*qfiiipiry Ridjj^ (]nt ttm f"ll1l f Kl*v*Hth, and 
TJilr'LciH|M bad arrival to die ErnnirlMhUrj nm-t mi«l IimI Siilt*n p«]- 
li'jn nn lit* IliM((iij in front nif up, and tint ninrorcr'nif.nbi bod bw-n ««n 
trtnlnpj by Hi* BaltLnuv* M*d jili*. after lh» flilil of Ihu lit. F«flJ «b 
int*-N.-*pl*d Ja«t=i;rh «r Leanwrd tbat Anirtri*r raf|pt nil in fttnp about 
(Hr wdm from live AVId. W* had ****? «*■«>, tk-rtiW, l» brli*™ 
IbaL lb* Federal* wtfm pr+ prf t d to n-n+w lb* hitk]*. Oaf army «±> 
•«w*W i* «a frtUplMaJ cim, reacting fram tb* fr*a| of Raua4 Tsp 
**M)frJ Memiaary Ktdpr, ud rarel^im* &»*(*i]f H*Jgbl* rth (he left; 
Ihu* HMnilf aipxwfrf fcnT« if* Hltl*K Tri"Pti»U»y #Miipied Ibe nigli 
J^uhd ih front of nt, beinj ma*i*d williln n . ,-.,- I <.b*V\lW*>mi\r*,.ft**ilr 
rthcirhlnD will* the eurva df*cnb*d oy ou* fenta, HU lilts *u about 
IJQQ yardi firon our*. Any GhemfiLI n*m Ihnl ihn pha|i£uilinD for this 
Inferior faroe lo **»awlt MHl driT« OUl I In' lil*u> v * uf Lnnpt upon tlio 
facl^l^ ww h V«fy protitfinnlicml o-nr. My Hlnirns rninHrr'Hiin] I.vhj w«e« 
"lo ■'HYJi|ih|. Llhi rift-tny'?- N-fc arnl %n<^:.ii I L'-- .kLHjii: (llnfn, ri'h*™|(i|j; jp DB 

h«ar *> pc»*iUJft ihp- dir«ti*ii ef tb« Ei»m«t»burjt rwul," 

Uy Lorpt occupied i«t 'ijKt r wiLh Mood on our *itr*aw rifJ» and 
UcIawi n-rit. IUH'* rtrp* *«* lirit \v torn*, in frnit ..r (lv« r>>ipril 
t*ntfi-, «n4 EwLL wu en our tJlTfin- lfft. Wt c<wp« h vitb FiebaU'* 
dhTM*4K tknl. ■umlH-Kd luidly I3UB0 wn. I mtLi#d ilut lb« fijbt 
*ai la I* a f»arfij| hh«; bflii b*ta;i M*vrr»l ibjj ra T Hihk itoaU b* fn*. 
ttrttdbf Ux W^JH «f Wiiuji, Ferrj, Wri f ii, l'«*p r , and M»htm* aw*- 
bajf m arhaiW, ind tbal Ewrfl wu Lo HHptnl* by ■ dirre-i a^t^dc cm (he 
fpjpM ] f'« rijibt, and II ill to ibrtsttn hi* «#Alra fcftd alMfk if ftpp^Ttaniiy 
■Jiii thm firw^nl j*infort*1nrnt" flvtn Iwmj Innnohedi diibtr 
«l nij-wlfor Lttl l II. :l strmrii llitl ^< mi^lil ]pifc>il>k dLiCndjuA lb a 
jtrt*! hvrilkjr ill front of us. Ac luitfprtiL .1 ■■'■lifk thti aider ttbi firaii 
fJcitirhiL JIhhI toad»n«A apon tlm minmy, and, Huiryinf I* tli* bwtd ef 
Mcl^w'pnllii-lKin, I moved vleli k\s Jitir, Tlich kViw luirly wimmc-iicDd 
whinl 1 J £ not hsfltxlo to pro no nil en Ihir br*L tlir«« Itnun 1 f5j"lniii|i *-v*r 
dorr by in j troopa on my ThitlU-fl^Ld, DItfc-i^ | n fr*lH of U>, «*upy \&g 
Ihu |ht«cIl orebard, on a pete* *f «kvai«J grudtnl ihnl Hmtrmi Lav desired 



64 SoHtltwn Uittwi&il &teL>ty Papers. 

Tito 14 Erik* and. bold for hi* an iHcr?, wiu ihe Tilled «rp* of (lift Fed* rail, 
oOTTiraaiidtd bjf i3*EH«ml Sickle*. My nam chiiT£rd with grcni*jidrlt and. 
disSod£*d tho hVd train ir*in the tjttwsh orchard with but ]itlLa d.i:]ny, 
Ihmijjh tlirir fought stubbornly. U'e were then Ofl the or*4t of rfrinilirwj 
Ridge, Thfl arcllkry wm Imyiteht Forward and yiul lnlo potiitiOn AC lb* 
JriMn ^rehltrd. The infantry tw^pl dcmr the stripm and jotm reached the 
Uuibf ground 1 hat lny twLweOJl SsillLlifrTy and Onmiwi' RittjfM, Rff nt 
leg Ebelr w*jf OTfrr every fan* of awwnd B r»d. *galn*t overwhelming odda l 
it trtjj iicp we Found that rciiif&rtJenWnL*. wi?P* poising irMoth* fMlcrali 
from (w(»iy *jd*. frothing could *L*p juy men, ]i<rwer*r, and they 4om- 
miMLevd Elielr heroic cliUfj^v up (Ik* nidi* oF Comolerr fridge. Out ulEadk 
wjm U* prou.:r<*K* in Did general direction <tf (1*8 KmmnMhurg roiud, but the 
Federal (roopj, iu H*«y wcje forced From point (# point, availing thonv 
icl-rtu of the BlOue hm and boulders neii? tin- in- ■■in (.;■ in n* ira.lh'-i'ig 
painte, so annoyed, aur tig^Lt llatlrt lh*t ■G^reml Iload r * division vto* 
obliged to slink* A partial Chun pi of front eo rrc tonlinaltalf tf thi* 
fullLnp IJank Jin.-, Ths* drew funeral Me [.aw* h little- further LO the right 
ttiibi (Jr-neinl [.to lind aiH.ici]lAt*(L, W tlmi Hit 4*1% ratiTcodrjn tapes oF Elbe 
ground hud enabled the: Federal* L* d-el*) 1 flltr pTirjWMO* until Lh«y conld 
occupy Little Bound-Top, which they jutit tlieh dlattivenftd w** tin? fcojr 
to their position. The forOe (brown nfM>n till* point was t» hEttjdb cut 10 
HCaio fflir ri[jn.t, i* it «rt, in ■ tii(*. 

Si ill tli* Kipl lLo on i?ur mfdii line* continund to pnȣnji*i. T In* lilUAVlvn 
vu a critltal OTic. My carp* had been fighting o*ut~ tn ltOUF, baling 
el)C4Ullt4nMl ft-i*d drive-it bae-k line aflet line of ?lic enctnj*. Tin ftont of 
iLuiu Vf«* a btgli *l(ld Ttlj!ged ridge, W- it* V<*At tlte bulk <J" Iho Army at 
(he IVitomhc, nuralieriric; iix b* i>n(*, and securely rswting Wttfid »lFO[lg. 
jHj]^;o|ih., My bnw fclt&Tra never bevufulGtl , fju , »t:rtr. TEielr JuLjf f*fl 
in frfloiE of (Jieln and th*y TQQt it. Tipy clurjpd uj> the bill in ipEcndLd 
«tyle F »w**piii£ n¥BT jibing IrtfoYtt tbeltln dM«igi(i^ (!*« ODeTt^y IQ tb* fjfl)> 
of A withering flf*. When thay bod foiiLj- ilorLed. [*]» the »cOntl ridge. 
I diBuOVcrHL that ibny were milJrrirg terribly fionTi a Lire Lti»C t*C|i[ *vor 
thfsir right and teft flftTtki, I aLio f&Qnd that my Irft Sank nu net pro- 
leCt^d «y EIlq brigidra thai were- lainOYi' en w-^fin with it Mcrl^w*' tine 
wmm eoirie^uon tty tpread out to tba Left to protect LEm Sank.! add. II<KMJi r S 
line w(Li flatondEd to Iil« tigtil (& prflKKt It* llMik front the iwiieping fire 
af the 1*t,£P boftifa of troop* thai Were- ported <*tt TUuild Topv" Th^f* 

TtW ImpjFlanEC (if H-onhd T*S *.» 1 jWlM J"«fliki in m ipprw'";™] cnlil i3lDr inj- lU* i. 
CtMIri M »d» JfrHBl H hit* dlU'ltl w IS u f. po|«L Ld far mvuftird " If priiliratir." t«I ill 
PBrWl|l|l|piTEmfc**tU W*ltt«(h*lta'<t|il cat ilaran ll Af gml imfWHanrt. Bfl H »M 
cr-rcplr-i ltf Btl brktlt-jUll* rOFVr> A*-""' batlL* |44T;e«lMd, plUlilnpf th» F«4(I1>I» bu-tt from 
p:jnL ■■:■ polnr. *ul»r5lti»l* nrTlrEn i^d Jul JJeT*. tHklDE *tlrtl»r. W hint* flvlnn Lf cuirtt ill 
a [+BSJ<»t, TvBd4 IwhSpri Lhn lupi t-jUjil+[* Of |M r«-Klwun J »|ilfli DDL ajji pi 1 M*cllOH, but 

rJ^-lnH: polcii. Th«* t*lnfflK*m*nt* la eh. ii^jp* aln^ly itwtf , uhrtleri «ut *Hph «p 

!h,' :i|jli r .tnil*^ni*»Mp*rlOr uflnf trrlrlLfr .in-' ih^n. rfUr|pi-.l |>Airn*nWl iKi ciu-»,jnil 
(kniil * fattic i*l'> »H»d Top 1*Jl 1ruiifanb6rl Ik, U Lf bj m*(l0. lDlO> K <Hhr*I lu 



Gsma of Lft'i ficftxtt at Gtttydnurg. ■6& 

two iiioviTiiiiEiU of txtanaton no drt-vt niy- fm<mr* ant ttlftt 1 found nijwjlf 
aHanjiinfj Cnnwlflpy Hill with * *lr^l* lirifl of Imilfa igaimL not 1™ than 

liy tiro rlivLijoni ml that tintr wt^ici cut down to right -or n\Ws thoimnd 
mm, fflnr Hnn*(*nrf Ji*vhsg bwn killed of wounded. W e ["liIe- at every 
atop the Il-OA-vy etrolte tff fre»li ttoo|»— the GLur^}- rejntbr blmr IhaL Edit 
p»flld[flF hiiMnlljr tfci^t h« l»n« *ncouiiK*rc*t. Tcsevv^e or Mitifortenisnu. 
We-rvwisvd noMjpjrort ill nlk mill Ehcru-wnj* no rvidi-ncf- dF oa-ap-ftratina nn 
miv- biiIc-. To urge* mj- men forward under ihc*n fliPCUnint^ii'COt "Qu.ld, 
hare hwn citnd no**, jmd I wllhdrew thorn lit ^«x3 &rd«T t& 4 tae- itVflrb 
Qir-hiiKl thill iv, L:.:( (afcon Fralli (Iim I'oifomh L^rlji' in the Afternoon, ft 
nifty Tw Tueh(!o*icd line- an illustrative of tin; d&ij rtrlczjv jpiriE of thcM 
tnuih, ibnL niie.n Ut*Hfjul 1 [ untiili roy.< lof Mt/jdjudppi) wfu nprf^T«t to 
withdraw ha (mop* -Thjui tliecJl**j», lw thought UlweWM »HUJ luitEcdUj 
ud retired to A tnjHijj-i.'il bflllfrj- nn-.ir lb*- pprni"; bulwMn the iwo ridge*, 
where iii- ii.\Lt'.-(t. mi' I wlim ordered to nctir* la the n-cw iinp i ;oiMi|(| 
limn, he did n under t-icwUfiit.* Our men had n* Hioi*jf.rii of tetre&E-, 
They broke every tiua they einwuiiEerod, When ihe order M withdraw 
Vr>f given n courier wu hid! to Q encral L« informing hint of the iwilt 
of tli-n day'* w-ori, 

Before jhurauing this narrative f«T<Tior K I tlmll Hiy * word or two «0. 
ecrniitg Lth iu lunidt. i run Mfitliud C lint inj - force,, numbering hurdty 
)3-,fiOG urn. rnmyunleied duTLnp tins! LIipm; und a hnlf hour* of bloody 
work nol I™ Ul*H 6^^)(W »f (]to F*4ce*(f, *n*l y^i I'M* ^hapjfd W|U nvt 
chowhid h«- their ILra&ljfok-on uhiil wj onlewd thoiKi lu viithdM^. Mr. 
Wlbltdavr Ik'Lii. vr rilinjf k aitet cxocllciLt aecOLinl of tlth rltuifu !a Lha 
C1ncinnj4i iraulit, lays: "' It iti* brlti-ifd fmns Ibc tf-rriEii: atUink tint l!m> 
wlioJo Tfilwl nrniy. h>i.'];'ti rttpt included^ w*a mUoML on Ojr oftntrt and 
Joft. sm ■! po b jinglr farigattu vt«j left Lo hold tfm rifl c- pi Lj; an th-c right and 
th« rntt htiriLiid ntTiwa (]lc liltla nt-iM of litid lo it rang 4 1 a to our w^ilc- 
cn«njE l!n«." He deuribev, too, th« hn#te with which <sirn* fiftcr corp« 
Won Jiijrrk'd fot^vartl to fliO fort to clicck the kdTAhc£ of my two-thinli or 
anfi corjM. Crc-ncraL JiEoadn bintnrlf Icxtilica [bcc- his afllcEMl report] thkt 
the Third, itm Sneond,1ha Ftftli, Elm S-iiLli, nnJ the Ktfl«n.tL corps, all of 

the. Twelfth except aug hri^ad^ and pA,Tt of the FSrrt «»ra r *i»([ij[nd my 

Ikftndfal Of iHrMt during; tlint uloritiui bul diioiltOU* *ft#rnOoH. I found 
that nijjFit Ehut -J,52Cj nf niv men, nor* thiui nnt-lhird nf their Uitat nam 1 
her, bad hctn h'fl oit (ha fl-old. Itiiturv rcQQtdi, na pinllr-1 to the Sjht 
made by th«P t"K> (livijiijiir oil 1he 2d of Jtlljf it Getlydbuifg. I cannot 

"T'ir IE4A[!i 4h|jlK^il irll-fa m» In Ihn Aght nf the 111 nn rauiljr H.^-:rcliti, u fcHtnwf ■ 
TK* f«lT Hrir-icioi hrlpdni nf Cvatfll* LVTiDLTiA ^BflWJnn. Vi'omil IDd *MIim(-l. i3tD+r*] 
V.<,nhM* , w Lte«ili Ckmiilo. hHjn^l^ friMnl Lfl«»' Airfwm» brhprti!, tVw*r»i iMrhwinW^ 

l.ftnrM-u-J HjnnnriJ ]tiirT-.f,h r .->f ^ HlMllHppt tllBhUl, Hn3 Qf D4n] lk*«rl1*L'l TtiMM tnl- 



ft Southern Hifterivit S&itty Pojk*^ 

HftwA freta Ewwrtisf >»t h*»* in iK«iiil of Ifae ba*ll» of ibn at tthto 
rnmt JMfM* WOMBC in (h* X*w Xaik Wmid, H will b* a**m IhaL tbo 
eormpnndsnE treat* the- charge of tny I3,tnr hifti m nf il wer*(h* eharfe 

of lh*whfl[« army. The account ii m follom 

" II* III* H bt"|tan n b*\*Ty fiir nn Cirair-lnry tllM. It muiS ntd h# thought 
that tin* wrathful Bro whs unannwetnl. Our artillery heg*fl to pta.y 
within m few trtomrntj. *ud hurt"! hick (l*-flfi1l** and Hkfl df+tnmtiim 
m I .ii 11 i]|i,- tr!j*L lid**. Until 6 o'clwk tlin rmr ef r*niicn, the- null of 
ritUfcllr* mid 1h* burntinc oF homln QIEdcJ nil I lid sir, 'flic- clnrigAV JiiOTtiJ 
i.|' tl.ii hwIliI roirlwt Uugfrl we II liftVti rdnftnetl and hwed ft lc» «™>1 mid 
wati-hiiil rcirubvahder thrift 0*I**T*1 itr-hil". Ii dlil rml iwiFuw him. 
With ili-r -rnlruUilSon -of * laclif-imi ami tin' tj/e of an *a jiriirnord ju>luci 
brfi wali'liF^) fffim hi* hridquirl+T* on the- hlM whalf-frr lnciTf meht lafiJEor 
lh* murk)- rl™d which e»Ti'lii]H'd 'I-'- i.-l*l I hi ■■«. -mirhl fir*l di-<]u»* the 

■DlenElPn whkb it >U **-iili>fi[ llm. nil.ljn firmf jurtfrwd. About t 
*Yl«clk, I", M H hJ****, eWp, awfully mfh-Fiiir Iml mmu' nEaiy. wm p*f- 



■illlrt n if by BUfif. io d»rll ■»■ tb# Avid. Unit- Eh-r proa*--* 
uobMrd hrfa r * [rf lb* -ctid-JtJ iM 'lyi"*% ootj * mvtiauf. * wiming 
imi ipj *f ik* brwrrt ibnauJi tlw ftHagH j *•!* * lew nit)* of wt[*r» 
tk)S «f *rH»T »■*» t^ ««* ^EBlirosdrf^d thL* blank ali I In*-". Then, si lb* 
llieti tm j w mi lb* TiHa£a iu Lightly born* la Eh* iHtwuit, the aoad* 
on lb* lift w#rr Men fillrtl "lib ikrk rtum~> if mfantty, likK* eohioitu 
drf-p, wlio advanced 41 a nukfe: *t4p. M**riifi>^hi" -^unb * charge bj 
«Mi-l» i ^^IT^;^ , — ■■hill fijrtyfiv^ cJimu^ii-L ni#r, uiulr-r Hill and liOnplnKt. — 
mn thoach it ihwrLtcmnd to pirnr* and RiiiVihilriL-n tb« Tbinl f^rl**, 
K|piitiL wliiL-lt it wv ilirt;c!ed h drv* fnnlh m« if ftilnnimEitm tttifft *N who 
WhU H. <ipiinrn] JjictSe^ amd hi* »pl*mU'L ■.■'■mni'incl withstood this 
i|LiH<k wisIl a i^i-l rrriti liiLLicin tiiut r-liLokid hut oihi |it nnt luLLy TrMilniin It. 
Mi k, ihi'li by L n c 1 1 , fijrhliiip, fnlli:ip, dyinj; r clmPTtri'ii. Ill n ihiti roljr^d, 
'I'lii' t.'Ik-Ii luiih-uil DMVre Furknitly. Inifllnit at tijIt-ttbIp, |Hi['riii(l vqLLpj-i 
that »liui k mi it [Tf-fifm di«rr in hWH. 0*n*>f*t Pickle*, hghtLra£ dfH|'M' 
aii-li, Hutt idui'k in th* Lf-p Jtnd frll. Th* Sh-r-oml mrir* caiae to l]iv niii 
Lif In- il'tinjnlfj tflijimi. Tht lMlllf- 1 1l> ii pr--" frirTul. ^lmndlt>^ fitmly 
uji*pi!rjiL lh* *Wrni. our Itoci|», !lhim£l» fIiH niitin^m^trvj, Cav^ back 
ibol ft.r »fcin[ t teUcj 1 BwwJJfy, ^me>*( 4*-*|h far drttL, PtiU thf entmj 
ik-M ItnH iniHtBHL Itoirn he Cuba upon our |*A with a nKMnfntana thai 
IMlljipj; tomU ehrefc. The lilVd pm Ihil lay brlorr •raw EafvaU^ 4Q f. 
wJiaH war* in daiwrr of iuEhit. Unml Haaitw«h ni W O w adlw W lh* 
i«k|| rF OwMtdeifew«iBlb*>lr«wUi*r. TitnAb«Dn»,ait)t«^tiD4 
Biwnrt vnnrH «hw t mat ioto ih* twwvh «dh *wh a boaua ant iwfa 

polUya aa road* lh* rebal eotanm Inmhl* at LuL Up fnm the T" Jla j 

behind another baHHry ca£n*nj.l3Bn(1 14tb« hmf hu h aiind H Ling itx enntfitt* 
kk an IimUM dowD in Hi* i»m|^e nf th> ■rnrtrij'T riutha. Crafh: crith! 
with ili«*"hiirip>* deafen iiyr. terrible-, tliti iijiiibnirr firing wrnL on. The 
nii'iiij., ri<t">rrming n.fler each dLi'.-lmr^i 1 with wi>nilnHii -CT-Ierjly nnd flnn- 
heaa, il ill |irt>Mml up Elic JeeLitlty, What liideoiti carnnj^ ftIM th* 
mhltllr* ltriw<-i,'nt tin' Mii|*WfllK*nr dm FalaJa Wff* "H'l lit? aJiRncff ta 
tlin ■up]inrl of tlii-i rnlH-l roLnnstm ^r »till niiiiLJur f^lMitm frrim Ihe-ri^liE, 
1 rnitiifil Iprar to tflll, Mm frll, aa tli« Iitivh fill I tci nutuimi, bcFuru- tliOi* 
hnrrlblr di^rlnrjtr^ FaLt?rin£ ftif nn in»tuhf Hid raid Stflurnil* trfomed 
nU.'M E4 riH-rd c hefor* (!■« l*tnp'#«lr K<H tliril- 44ac*r*, wha aaulJ he 

ifi-n il th ih- Mrifcl ■■" "i.i- ■ -i.: 1 .:! '■ l' 'U'i' ii,- .ni'" ■ ■' ii,:n ,-:! f-ir -■■■> '■"J-' 

ali>rt|t tlie linr*, rauied thejn Binew, and Ihpural inManl the *lv*]p ha* 
♦JvwFg r*r»-Bjd.i a* if to bmh thmujh *tlt <►« n by tru-M- wi-i^ht of rum 



GctHM cf Ltt't Dtfe&t at Gttty&bKrif. 67 

h*lH, A diTuLdii from the TWIflh eorp?. an the extreme rijRli t. nrached 

the jce-ne nL Shis inn-Unit.. n,ni.l si [lit; jjuiL-e turiti Sofljj-rti^k rainei up wild 
the Sixth corps, hftvlug flul*h*d. i\ mhrtU «f ne^ly IhtrL^^iK-copn^cuUvfl 
hffUra. T« whiiL yr^cuA tlioy ^nino (heir officer* paw and tnlrl tliem. 
We-ary as <hpy ivere, bine-footed, hungry, Si to drop for clumber, jm thfjy 
wore, lh^ wij-la Tor victory ut^sd Ll-midi'd u-il li llte-tkpuirlit of r^Ei^ui-LiMi 
that (hoy out Ihemfoly^*, in tufti, *n m*w ink* lino nrbsjtile-, a-ihJ went 
(to*ffl on 1ho ch^mj 1 ve i I hi tl^/ilh in the-i? •xra.ptvn* and cbM^r* an thoir lips, 
The TclwiV ciiiml's back vrru brofcen by Eli i^ '"fKiLlicr." lEh LiriDRtnjj- 
Eered t reeled an d drifted ilowLy bncki nihil* 1 itifi r-l(i'?U(H *r *ilt Madiera, 
"(ltd up amid the ruwtaf ra mfe tfc rj QTfr Lhe Ix^ica oF (hn dead and 
wounded, preclftiraad tlw eoraplotonfi** nF their viatory,. 1 " 

ft may 1m imagined that I was ostoniihed at tbrt Chcl that #4 received 
no support after t™ bad driven Ln« Federals <i»m Lh# jriuh Orchard and 
41f0' (bQUHmd yn.pds beyond. If (IfTirrfll Kyfl']I had cnc^ifrd the army in 
his Front at ElnJ Linu; (uny 4 o'tlocltl he wnuld hav* prevented their mas., 
■■inc their whole army in my Fronl, rmd while he AntiJ I kept (hear tiro 
wing? cJ).pygcd Hill would havo Round their cen^Te- went, anil shoij]il Iltlvi^ 
(lircslemd Ltwhilo I brake (hr*Hj£,h thuir IeftnnddL'la'igid Lhem. tlav' 
ing fiiil«t Eg idd™ at -t o'cluc-kj while the Oilcan) 1 Wftjs in hi* Front, it 
if ft* fttitl mora. syrr,rLsir,j thai lip- did not ndvaow, at 5 o'clock with 
vLjrar nnd pTompdiusk, when the trenche* ilk ff*nt *f hilt) W1PJ »ft**(**J 
or rather held by imis ^Lri.i^ 1 lui ^.nJ'.*- (** U*nenL M.H.'udC't' U'*Li mOny 
be-fore Ibc Cotumltled on tiki Cfliiduot oF the Wae iratd). ][ad ha 
laken tlu'M; IruncSiO^- :^rnl Hp\»«nwii tlb« beijeode Lbat hold t]Lnm r ho 
Tffouttd nave found liLmjnK In i| t « P^e-mlv' fl4*t|lt and ro^r, ][-. 
attack i-ri the 'far mmt hni'O dijEodc^d (lie l"ciJerub f 14 L(- nrjuld 
hRTC b«ri UVlatb- UneXptCied— it being bflli^ircd thjiA be ttos in front 
willi me. if ill diaTgiif4i lipOrt lite e*Hlr* M the iatihi tiinf. ir(iu]d 
hftTO IntK-aA^d tltntr JLiordcT and wo nliotild ImVc »(ffl tt*0 ftold. But 
Ewtll (lid not HlntllCQ untLL I bad rrLtlid'ravrit nrjf (T&Opei, and lL« i ,h ii»l 
Mrpi, lifter 1*inn!]VE JwDsklen -flfler pwltimi, WM BonesJ to wJLhdniw from 
Lb*i field rritb two coTpa of their trtrnnvd** Fltliln *ig\» and NHtilljf UpdiL 
tb*ti" aTmii. Ewell did ltnt nuirc- until about Juyh. [aoccinLlflf h? h» own. 
r*ptnt). H& tlieu OC*U|>i(Nl tha (wndnjfl that tbo fn*my had vapitod 
(nee- General Mead^'e report). The rt-al cjmJ^C of EwHT* no-n-ooni pliiihc* 
with G^hctfJ J^a'a orderciTje* that Jie had lmjken IiIa line of battle by 
WTldjng Ivro brJjf*cl**o-ff on wrn^duty «p tb« York read. Qenenl Karly 
svjb ihat blj fitilure to nU&tik at StmNM ws* Iho cmiio of KiroLr* ]in* 
bcinc broken nl Lbe lirae 1 di't nttnek, TJlI? ■* tlOtonljf ab^upnJt butilarMc. 
Mble-. Aftrr luorue that morning CnJonel V'enable and tie n urn I l*e were 
■4 E«<;ll's Iltad<taflrler4 JiieLlwLtSg %*<f> pnliey oF opming tbo aCLaet 
Trlih E^elJ'fl cCrpt. Tbej Left E«*ll wirh tlii* tU>5niic <Krder; that 
ha tu to bold hicnjelf Ln Tea-dines* to uupptitl Iny Sllfirk ■■■■ 1 1 ■_■ n i 
K wu made, [t Li ully to say that he- vrai- jyadj- at f-itniLw, wkuiL 



9$ Southern Ifisk/riml Sniffy Papert. 

h* -a* aoi it*4j at 4 o'tfcttfe ■ hn tt# *Uar k *** r**Jrf aaafe. Hi 
order* w*r» la bold binwif in twlnira I* tt*4prta44 *ilb W/J 
■Itrrft wh*B (I tu muk. In bnaktBf hi* hri* of Halite be rendrttd 
bita-rtf llwUt to rapport Ffflr whan a* would h*T« b**n poteaEial. 
toufbEnftba failure of the 44 p par ting bfijfl*daa of An4tfWB.a 4rrE*ion to 
QftY*r >1<iLawi" dunk by ecAtfui m<iycffl«-(il" h 14 *ilr*dl*il. theft- ■» littl* to 
b* «*J4. Th(Ma brigad?* Jietfld uxllin Ely, Jul! tfiiiil puErny obtIt in [He 
li|{lil. titntral AlldOTtMi. in hu rapoH uyn "A 4lrrm( At* was poured 
uikid our right flank, wbidi had bwoma d*tflsli«t from JtlsLftir* - [nft, M 
ifonrril Ijir. aitudinj; Id ihe n*-| Mnm-f III""* (wo brigailw, r*JT4: Jt P«ll 
rmvllljt b*M»lH* aqiiMlod from JIgJjht*, WMiwITb itid WrFgliE"* l*rie*dw 
advpuiwd with great gjidkni-rv, breaking ■□meaiLre linrti of Lha (nfmj n i 
Itlfinlry and rorojN'Llinp liirtl EC ftbudon mit^b (if J»U tdllllfrj", WJJmii 
riaihTn tkf foot a.nd tVri.£bl painfd lb* rreit of to* ri^lpf i iM'lf, 4ri«tBg 
tb* mrny d-i7"« (he 4f)|>0^'*' -uiLe ; but hating l-roama M^^ratcd front 
He l^w-H a*d pHVF h*yond the nlber two brujadaa of the drtinra ihtif 
■#r* lo KCIack in front fart On fcrti iiot*. anil r*m|i*l!ed lo reEire, bring; 
unaM* m a?inf off any of the raptunrd atlil&rry, M> !,*»♦' l*ft *lto Ml 
back* and Ll b-h>£ 44* b#±j[j dark Lienor*! irCBgHreet d>(ernii-tieJ !» 
*w *Lt Ilk* Arrival of Pickett, H So BWWh far the ui inn of the llraE. day. 

I did net «"f funeral Lee that night. On tha tmmJ morning he cama 
Lo mh me, anil f>.'rt.rinjj that he wai itlLI Jn hU dUirihhll Ion tontlwk,. J tti*d 
Ifj ariliuipnlo liEtn by Htylnj; ;, fifflorj|l r ] li*yfl liaii mjf btouUi due hi I 
niKhl, mill I HiuI I bat you iEih bav* hit pxntlknl npporl unity to mo« 
MtfHld tii Llif rljjlit i>r MfH(]« r a anny miJ tnaltunUVro bitll Ltal4> aH««kipf 
B*."' Ilu«'j>1i«L l fQ\tiiiltg w'nh l"i &H ■,! Onin^rjf Hill; "TiiernMfly 
i^ Lb*Tw, Hinl I <n faiap in alrikc lulhn." 3 frit tlkfW Ihli H w»i my duty 
1« ejppct" foy (OflfirlioBi ; I aajdi u U«ienal, I hart two B aoldlrTftlJ 
„n hi, 1 kiTi I-.-.. ti.tL .,.:l,,^ Mfaf I t, IgMl Ly |0«frl> !•> 
H|ua4s OOBipB*irs rff imrnt*, ditUe** *»d wHw. and ibwild fcam aa 
wall a* aar Mi* »b** uddJ*Ti cjjs do. I E ia Ipy «fii*i#tt tbat aa ]5,JI00 
BHfl a*«T aarwrnl for bflt;l« <** Uk* f haL itaaUkob/' pvlnlihg t4 CftBHaaT 
Hill, fl«#n) Ua in nab/ » tbrt «nUnd raa to ftvpara Fickttl a doTbv 
idb fif lh# atUrk. I ibaulct DM bah 1 " EWBI to urpnl had I not tom«VD 
thi hni*Ji*«B*M af Ibe propo**'! iMau|L t f*lt lhat t nml MJ * word 
BKiLniL Ilia •aKflltnof nij ram; and lb*n I frit ttMt ERJ record iraa met) 
ttlall riosmral l.n ivolllll or Cfltjld not miKohmtU* my tBOtlTW, I «ud no 
tnoTf, udWfVf-T, but lurned *way, Th« niul nf thm mrnrnlli|J WM MB- 
HLEt»x| in Willing for Pjakelt'r mfiri n.iitl SBlEiiifl Irilo ]H*Nki|i, Tlifl plan 
of awnlilt w** •* fgilowi-! Oiil MlUJpry wu to Im inBur-d. In a W*od from 
v Niiti Plekotl «u to cb»r£r, *wl it wa» lo |hr.ur a cantltiBOUS flr» TJpoB 
tkr wtnrlrry. Ulidpr «>rtr of 1 1im- ftf* h and *i4ja|iorl«l by il, Pick«U 
14(4hTI4, 



Qhh44 4/ L« T t Defeat at Gtttifibwy, 69 

0mtutttiUrj ■*» io Efcmrfo«r Ort*r*t E. P, Altufctaf, * htait u4 
f*ft#4 *flleei-, Cfttewri WaIUki mi mj chwf of Artilfry, l»I Alrxindi-t 
twin* *\ ik* ■*»* of [be mJa»It, *nd btinj *"l U» p*»itkm, ir,d Iw-inr 
beriilin Ml oSw of qjoonal puTm^ I !>*«*». **jr*rlEj *r>4 tal*llJjt*i*r*, wu 

fitrf.it etiirpn of I ti* «t ilLnrr. TJir irT»nnrflq#iili *m rotn pitted nflWt 
0n« f/fltiwlt. ftfneral AL+Jfann>r bad immip-.l Hint a. hiltrrr of urtll 
ll-poUri'l liewttiar*, fritli fr«ti h*F*M and hill omlNWrd, w*M to. clwFfA 
wilh PJrltiPtl, m1 tin- l|*fto.nf his tinun btJl iS*rif r*t Pendleton,, fnsm whom 
Uib |uit» ItncL li*+n tn>THnviJ f rFcnlted llitm ju»i Lfrfow Ui» charjio w*i 
niKl*, untl l]H« «Lrriill£#4 Ihi* wUn |i]iin. ISi'wr win I « 4<jpnrMWl ma 
upon iknL lUjr, [ frill that ir,} 1 tflSIV *<"« <« I* *fl#Tiflc«l| mJ thai 1 
ih.Mkhl liar* i« *rd>F tbe.cn to dliXb ■ hepflw* flhiripi. [ hvl LBitruetcd 
Ej«r*n1 AS*«nrtar, twlfrg •Hn.wiElin|l* la lru«t H>y**Jf will lh* +tnSt» 
nHpQiMlUHl)'. la eurefuf Ej oWnre »J»* *n>rl of In- 4f* Upon the tartaj. 
*nrk whin il bftf*H IQ l*H M> notify PcfcrM <*b# ( lfi itw »w*i*U. I wis » 
«rh Imfrjinl *Uh lb* !wprl«-ri*» □■ ifcr^trtrf* Ifcttl E wnrt* llirfr fcl- 
W*«4 DO** IcO— «■* AtexiMfer: "If lb* .rtLTWf In I— Mt ■*** 
ihm irlfecl 14 4Hf rf the fawny or ettjM? driwi*™liw hit*. tftMtomik* 
Mjf rflfet* pwtlr «rluD, I w«jM ft+trr 1h*t t*<A .li«j]d nol n]irip4 
GfimthI frrll4.ll (4 m»k* lie ch™,^ I *h*11 rftjf * «™t 4*«1 ™ F«™' 
junLfiritnl la ileKKttta* tb* rn!itle.e< irtJ *h*U M"Wl j™ tu [nt Pk^elt 
kTimv nfirh (In- mamcriL orirrPi" 

To ir^ 11ipLp (In 1 Hf.rsf-rn.1 nr|i3LoJ U tolloifiE "3 will ftltl^ b*» ntLn (a 
judfe lliO fflWiE-Bf pur fir* it|M.n tfa« rtinny tij li» HoIUFH Jlnr, for lii* 
ir1p»sl»y li "b4Lt Ihllfl (Kji^mii to vimf, uM ( In* mnmiiu* Yi I II CiHmdic- iho 
Wnok fltM, It, ju 1 infift frOFil Jf«ir iii>t^, tlirr* I* 411 pJ|*rn[iLLM« to this 
ktUak h It ihoiiW b^earflfullr wiwi'lT'nMl h*f,w* fljurmrijr aur N, for it 
vlilt tik,f *LL of the nrtllltrjr jmnranilion #« tifrtf Ifft la I*it lh" nns 
thafT^^ilf , wl if li* mutt h ijjvfi*T^»i*blr r w« *ILL IM" riarw Left fer 
uMkrt •■brt, AB4 « t*« if lh» it enl tf^ljf rufv^ful il ruft Anlf btmt 
« wry blowl r fffl," 1 4*01 dMwi to on Crty M#« m* Ml llw* if lb* 
Mllttlii| 444 ■»* pro*icwllt*4r-4i*ii fflWl I -wtl b* ja.hi#J t B h«44^rg 
ricfewll *ff. I wr*t* thu Hie I^Colowl Wtltaa it rltvrirjf J:» F. II.: 
■*!,** Ik* InHrtfart *fi*P r Qrin p^TJl f***"^"* 1 ^ ln ■"■!■ H ttf; b * 1 ' 
t*nr- 41 U.r- poirli BrehnT4 «Wi0t be. uiwl «|tim»i! lb* paint itp ra<*n4 
>llnr kidH. I#t ihcpn open on Llie tnelnjf »l Mocby IHII," Tne cwinofifc- 
dittf wliMi *J»»n*i| *.l*nj; batli l:net wilt KrAnd. In n f *■ nnHntnU * 
opiirl^r brought ■ nolo I* Gf B*Pdl Tickirtl l.wha **» ihndini n**r m*) 
rnni Jlt#«*riltPT h wt\\cfo t attar rending hv IuhmW t? ftlr, II- "■» Q* ft*- 
low*! " If JOU flT4 ^omtnj *! *IL .von mini rent* At nnc*. Or I MFIHDt (Tire. 
jou jiNiper tuppotli tui III* *rjfnyy"» S« h*» iwH iWlMlWl *mUi ^t 

lm«l *ij(li Lfl*-n uunfl are iEil[ tirinjf frnnl llieC*m»l« | r i ¥ ilwlf. 1 ' ATttT [ hid 
mxl tb« net* Pi«k#l,l i±ii3 tn ra* : " OcnenL, "hull I tuEv*nc*T" My f«l- 



70 S&uihtrn ffislaricat Society Pfptrs. 

injj* bul iu oifrconir me thi'- ] ttikuNI mil »pcik far Frm of oatnyin^ my 
winlof *<Hiftdeuco to tniii. I bowed affirmation and utrnad to mount 
raj bone. l 3 Lcki-fL Lmmrdia^iv .-irvidi "1 rhn.1] lejd my divLiin'n for'Annl, 
'■':" J r.[iUTr-od my homn to ibf vrood wheie AFn^jtndQr wnj atntmned 

wJib artiiltry, Whsn I reached him ho told mo of llio dfc*ap|f>«mrie* of 

llic- pcteh jum wrhleb ttcpo to bavo Lod Llie charge Willi Plckc-U, nnd Lh&t 
hi* immunitim! wju jo I-titt tlmi ho- couEJ mil property jappDrt [lirr ehnrga. 

I at one* ordered ItLu. lo- nlojv Picfcott until tlie aniBfutnitkn h-nd be*o 
rtpletiuhed. He Informed roe (3iAl h.* It* A 110 hfflrau nitiftn with whiofa 
to r^ploriinh. I t!|^p hrw (hut tbivre (tbj no help for it, Mid that rickc-Lt 
mutt udvane*: uiidrT bin eider*. Hoiwon.! p»U mir ArtilOjj in ipcndid 
rtjfl*, *nd (lie moil t3MiKli*d (twriily and. O4nop*dly down (lip: *Lopc, Ai 
tbty started tip tins ridge oyer tun' hundred cannon from ilie brfiaiiworiti 
of Ihn FcdenLj buTlcd. a inin nf ciJiniKtcr,. grrtpi? iiul iheLL dawn upon 
thoiJii si 111 they ifTC^^J op H-mi 1 h«.H wny up (ho "tap?, wh^n "liofl^it 

of <k..' liill iru Lit ttS[1i ft solid sLeel of (lain* a» tliU 1flM*0* of infimtrjr 
km; and firrd. Whc-n lite irabke cleared byt>j Pickett's division ttbj 
gOiiG. J<r*rly two-loird* of bii man lay dfnd on llbi? firlrt, and the- iut- 
Tiron Trcrc sullenly retreating do*n (lit lliH. Mortal Ifuhii COllld Hot 
1\*y$ stond that Grv. In halF an. hour lite- contested field! mas cleared and 
the battle of Gotlytbyj wqj. bt«t. 

When Ltiiu charge In J railed I expected that of two r*o the ^nerojr 
wiyiild throw bimwlf njjnimt out fUaltened mnki Jind try [a cniih iu. I 
»ont mj.' staff offloeit to tli« r*w ity amn \n r*lty in^ Lho iTpr>p«. *nd h-uF- 
riftd to Mr lirafr of b&Eler/JM rvi the Qnlf 4iLp|>Ort that I aotald |Jm 1b«B, 
kna-firip IbaL my prosaicc v^au\d Jm])!^!!! ujion every onf of Ifn-m the 
niMWrtFiiy of 1 l T'l ■ 1 i i l p; Lbc- grourJ Co Ibr lo.iL *-t< ncnti Lj-. I kut-vr if tkn 
HTIiy W*f to Iw **v*d tho» 0Ht*Fie* Tn.n*t eli«fc lh^ CTftmy, \* T r^d,n 
bldn£ tbc line of arLLIler}' I ^bjiiiTiyl my old rricittj) Cnpteln MiUvt, W:nli- 
inftoni ATtiltfif, oF iShjhrpjInirjf iKmid, vralkiri^ nc-Lire^n bli fiina and 
in»k:ng Itbi pipe m qui^LLy iind cantDiiledlj u he- oould. Jtt ]tu camp< 
flio, "Thti f-.iivmy't, rikirmlilinn, wiiro tii-nn idvancinj: nnd tiirrji(f:riin^ 
utuilt- Foe unaioauntali-le wiiiioi^ Lrm t'nosiijr did not fur*u* bin acIvhu- 
|aga. Our irmy vraj- loom, in enru]ucl r-bnpa, and iti fiieo turned once 
more tow*r«t Virgin ieu ] m*j mention l»r» tli*t it !»«« lwsn ^IrauTdly 
uid. Lhat Oenertd L*c -ordered, nue t* put Hood's tnil McL*fr*' div Inlona 
in atipporl ef PJ^kett-i k*«iuH, Q«nenL L*o n*ver ordeL-ed any ifiob. 
thimj.* After our tnnpfl were hJI ■.rrTLnged Fur aainijli Gfinoml ]jPt icdty 

■ OqIqm I TiqrlnF njr* that C*rwr*J tw. In bU pnif n«t W* w* 4fdtn I? pot ll-wyl> iod 
Kdlv><" JMiiupi pp lh|» .^luniii -of piLiclj. Ttli ] 4rqgr, 4n4 dn nrrt. BflppciH! Iif will clulm 

IhuL aajr ■=* ql« hurd Ltioaj^"- tf Ehg nitbi it ML fimlna iny t-f Um hiip -oj U-LIti- 
hU( h* 'IU Kr thil Clip TL:h,tr"--^ -if Ui*** l*u JLtIoIiIm ftuln. Ih4lf IIHq l'I' b»l?l« vmld 
hlT* kft Lilt ill' Ofiinl L^n Man 4f b*Ul2* «f4IL tbd. tlf 111* lb«UVl TOU'ri tW Ml t|n< «\ 
<U|f4J»f tiJ E«Lhc*l. Fully HJQlSl-lAir Of hLi tlWtg »«nld liT* UtD Lt 1b* Wll=m ^ umMslL 



mWk — l«k* «Wf Ifcfl tin** » •*■ thai wrttjtblftj *■* 1-TWfMi -rami- 

inf to bk ■rkh**. H* wi» loM ib« w* had bwfi «**■ p*rtral*r in pi 
JUj tbr Sf*U» ,Mm * ***T h*f«*T IhiA *b* «flmi»pd*(f b+4 •*••" *™* '«* 
mil lip Jpoiht *f *it»DK hid be«ifl»iirfiitlj d**lfn*M*l. "J •*»* »h» «**' 

ini.tnl*r* bad hdfft dixreU-d U> c9Wmunic*t* to limit iubt>rdin*lr*, "><* 
tbroujrh lh«w lo c^f^ MJdinr in lbr«nrirr.*ild, tb« G'W'k 'h** wu b*f<H» 
thf-m, m tiim thoj hhmlld TIM™ thrnnrllfM for Hi» «llhdf P^d fully 
undcr-tunl LL Afta Imvinp uo be .-.tiri rodfcoftr lb* tolil «n«, it not 
trrlofl, «a tli«jl tltor* w« T*»Uy no rami for mlwtohilmcllflr ur mliimder* 
■landlnK or hi* wbb**. H« eould not hiT- tlwijlhl of (Lv5nj[ -nf MNSt 
Mi onlpr. H041I pnd McLiwi -ef* Wrtfr<iTilr«l hf m lujflJj iUpoiHor torM 
of |h» •DPI14 en Iht rigbi of FLck*U'. *ti*ok. Te b*** nurttd Ihtm ta 
Phtkttl'* «opp«i *odld n*.** dLwnjpHfwl lr*hl* thwlf number *F F*d*. 
PiU, wkamuU hart nroopeJ d*"«i tram Ihrlr rocbj (**■"!■«■** •pJm* 
lb* <Ht nh of «u uttvtkinf ariam*- tad **+pt our *im j f™» <>» fidd. A 
nfer-mnt l**i»r oT lb* n»f *f Grtljifctrf -i« ■■*■ &™ *b* poutum 
of lb* Irvofrt Out tbi* would b*f • t**" tb-j i*+Til»U* rwulL 0*fn*r*d 
Lh *«d my##lf *■*« h*d *"f d*Lib*Wl* iFooT-rPtftloo ■b*W G#tljmWrfr 
Thr iHbj«-'|w-a ««r brtKfltd bj nlbvf ** ■* W la* olh B r. &B™* 
acawJmn Li mtn« Hp cmhuJIj- ud ll* *iid la mlh <kl|uiliiijt »* ' iB BQ*Tf * of 
■1 an lh* IdJ, "G*nrn], nli f didn'1 r«iiWVi.U tlm* IhlDB lhi,t 
*Vy, 11 t rupliri tbH I Dduld IHrt uodw Lbt> *lTewin«i,ttO»i J*«ltn* 1Mb ■ 
r*<]KiniiLbliL[f, m ft** JiAcrfilian hid httrn Lnfl nifi. 

B*rar# dlmniairj l\i<t KQ*k pranti a1 tlio I'ftinpilHH «f W*Uy*hiiFft tt ll 
proper Lhit I thaiilil r*r th*t I d « willi Iho ([Ff M#*L ftffMliaa for (Jan. 
•ml t*« "hd lh<i |£r**i«i[ reTerenrt for hi* m^OktSJ. Th»T*l*Cii"" •«■(- 
in< l*tw**l» u* w*™ «ffwrlioriiif. con fid* In lit I, HEid^Mn tcml*r, frflfn fical 
to Luk Tb-r* wn npFrt 4 bmb word bel**" u*. lit* tb«n witb •- 
rpluelanl i|>blt Hl*l I tmtx > **5m *"• criti™! r«i»w of (h*a*[lyib«Tf 
«u|riUKB. bnmart Iblt r*Vi«ir win ib*» kfckl mir 0MBDMa4««l* **o«i»i 
«ht- uhfortflMl* U *rtrfmi poiaU. Ibrt* »» IM> *«"b4 UmLOiMmI 1*, 
■nhnji lb* MMfe of Ihmi ansfAbjn, lo*t lh* BUlvblam •^■ipaiM ihu 



uj mj| ^ U«^> arkv **M hntw &— •* **Hr w | *' h ■*■■ ^ ^ * M— i ■" 
» ^^y iut. hrt <M4npM « Lb- l fliH 1 taHta 1-tMrf • •*»**. OfetMPfcl*™ 

unmp Ihit HvkiF ■»*»< pl»™ ht. im# lb 1164 or l"lll» *rf •*" ■• '* ***** "" f** - ■ "* 
llULH 9BKI4 M» nu»^.cslhM IE 1S4 FHUl«« lbJW»fli, l>"1 IHlH"*™*"™ ""JJ 

HAfM | i n rN*L B*i NUtitlKk hftd h«Qirtfi.h,lriSlhHM iHf lj*-lsr«. Lf Pfcl*EiLKt 
•h^n ■Icm ir ctMtiti * lodtJwL 5 rtnuia, of «nr**, hi« fM-hri Lh» pthof JItI*1l.h* fw 
•thlltfciiUMrUh'Mi^k- Bai 3 mi ifcu h* wm KtHiw *« pl*t« it •*•■■■ »?h*ii OcJrari 
Tt*+in*iiH-(l[ir N^.17**— rriw>-pp™rlirf nw (.*« M- n*«*6lH** n*P*~i*l«ri »* 
C> nihllfl iptwil <ur«i>. Hold hLtaidilMHIlH ■oul-l TiPrtM la I miimpnC-l li« h* 
in - i iIfai.i •nrraph C« nulca ■. nricu lML|rtJ+»l0r». Hr «"m*t **■ «r™rf. '" B*W 

rmhuiL (»ui mi i#o JlYLtlwJi l1*i (urflai W?¥*4r b<*™ Ct«" t* 1 ^ usrlMi «nll« 

■ha daj brfbrr. *uUM haf 4 bHI ■ n1 »l'« 



72 Saxthtrn Msim-itnl Sariety Papers, 

ninatty cbriTucteriiud biin, and thnl whilLfcfer HfllMakM w*r* m*d& wflFO 
nivl *o much matlna of <ArW\n;rriU: judgment aa the impulse* of n £funt 
mind djilurbtd l>y unpPrnHt-Vil <oaiJii3oraii, General Le* wu throirn 
from Wi\ balmier \nx it jhoivii by the Statement of v?ehetfcl FLtihu^tl Lee) 
by loo (rrr*t eoeifidi-nrr in tlir prowt-M ef h;i troop* and [ni i» iheiyh oy 
G-tm-fraL Anderson^ (tfttcmenO by lb* 1 (br-fJ arable obienc* of Grnnrnl 
Stuart arid the perplexity Octa-<L<>Ti*d. thereby, Witb tlli* p4r0jlM» I prfl- 
c«d to fny th.il (he- tiatayriburf; enm |>»ijj:ii wi< weak in then, points—- 
*dherii>^, bow^vor, t& my opinion that j». eombim^d mnv-entnnt agiLnht 
Rwocmiis in TenneMeoand * maiwh toward Cincinnati would t\**n (ji^fn 
better TMLiUrt limn could possibly liavu bwn 3*<SUr«L by the SnTiaSoik of 
FooiuylvairiA: r"ir*t r thr oft'rnjivc- stTntj'pi-rjil but defensive toelicnL pSrni 
of the. carnpMgn 44 HjK«ri upon *bwLd bvw ha™ b*Mjn abandoned nOor 
<ro entered tin: tncmj^ country.. Sftflid^ if tliere. ever was a tihic »h#n 
(ho Jibandonmf'nt of thai plnn could have promised dee.isirc result*, Lt 
«b at ftrahtlv Sutton, "here,. *fiee Stuart h*J FepnhwE the. forte thrown 
■ craji the rivcT. we Inipjbt Lav? fallen An [hut farce anil crushed it, nnd 
tJl*fl put oiir«]TCS in ]K)*i1 i«in , [kr-r running thn fii(imj> right and rc*T n 
Wlileh n-ouhl haVe, dUlodged liim frOIrl Lb pOsitfou at FTudcrsui^Wrg 
and pi\-H-n ii' tin 1 opportunity for nil c-UectiTR- blow. Third, ti*na-rn.L Stuart 
jhwld not bavo b"On pneimittftd to Eonva the gi>n<tr*l ]in* of mftfeft. tblli 
forcing- m to m^ttii blinttfakLcd Into tlm enemy 'm country; to Liii* timy 
be- Attributed^ in my Dp:uitin h the cltmigc tit the policy of [lie crmipaijjn. 
Fourl'ti, ihe ahcyxvu obtained lw ib* jto^itl^ntiil f<iitoonl?« on t-lie l»t 
aliould hnve Wen vljOEWi#l;r prmrcuied rmd ihe enemy abonld Imve We« 
jpvcTi no liiDE' Lo fortify tjr concrnlrate. t'iflh, en I be- nipbl of t]tr- lit 
the arm^ *3wvlJ hi^* Twoti oin^J apopi»J tn JtfRd^'ATLtflit nivd if*^r.fltvJ 
potted btjitHHO him <uii hi* *n|iiio5 K nntt *«■ cowJd linvn- jniummvered feiinl 
into bil .-il Lnok. iSixtlt, ifhi^n tlie atlnck wa* nude en lha rnemv'K IcfL 
on llir 2"i by my corp^ tweLL hFioubl hti\r Wi'ii required to co-ojH'rnt* by 
tt vijjflTrtUH nvn-Tf-m-on t nj^Ainit. Iiin pi^jht anil Hill >houhl bnva ciioi't^l 
ag^tnht hi» et'-ntre-. llntl tlilj been dano Imh nrmy ftouLd lini'B bewi Jit- 
lodged iHyrjiiiL f|iKJ,t!i>ii, S^v^-nlb, on (he nm-iriiiji of tho i'Ui Lt iru not 
yet loo Lute Lu ni'iiu 1 1- tin' iiL-ir :lmi| miLtniMH-HT tin< J-H-d-Milj, into «it^ok- 
injj u». "Hi prl l r 1 1 . ft etc- 1 1'* ditii-iDn Miiduld ntnt hnvn bfL't] onlurMl to 
P*mtll C*!WH !■•/ Ritln<' OH Hi-' Mil, :i1 W* hi^LlI rtlrfrwiy ll-sLi'd till' htrenpth 
of that p*ii[ion Mlfucit'ittly 10 nilnioniwh u* llint f* e COlltd not rthtodgft 
hirn, ^VLiSIit thti eo-opcTviLLon of (i-fiiH-r/ils HwetL nil J EliLI, on the Stl, by 
^JfOrctiB [w-Miult at Llie IdODTtCflt my bat tit? WM in OTOjjrM« r n-R-itUt Ln oil 
pfpkahtljty hive- dtiloJgnd the- Fclemli from their ptaifion, It dow THrt 
M61n thnt 3lleh Hu«*«i woukl bav* ykld^iS tlie Fruit* Anticipated St tfco 
inception of tbe oam|iaign. Tlie tattle ** St v/fvi finn^hi w*iuld, in any 
reoult, Jia^o tc crippLwd lw tbat the f'cderala WOuld Ii3iV« lj^n dblfi to 



of Lit* j Ik/fn t at Grttythif$. 73 

food llofr rrlr** 1 , and ■» itauM uxm b*»* b**» oMLjtd i* Hfot 
14 ViffLnu wilb nothing bal riclory EO OWr* Ota* •■■ibg nu. 

Tbo mtutt of Lb* rielory tniehl hiY* dLir>iri[#d th* Worth and unused 
th* Aoulb i* iw" eEOttioH, tot it w*ultl fa*** &•+■ nothing in tbo gacM 
bring plajped bf Ihe two iimin jit 'JfHyif.iirtf. Ai to the ibnnJoniDenE 
of |li» Ln'tii"ft| iii-.|>niLi, , h' patiry IhiL we- hiul nitrcc"! upon., Lh»m c»t» be 
no itoubi 1h«t (fi'iicnd I*e (Wpiy JepMwuJ- It m * mliukr, Hit rrHMTk, 
ihiwIK jmi alior iho battle* -' ll la ill Irtjr fpilll," KiMnt jllil what it »ld, 
It mldi to Lliii notiiLLty and mn^iLmii m h y of tli-at remark ttIuti wi' Ttlludt 
that il wn* the ollrrane* of h 4*ej*iVlt truth ratVr lh.Mt *■ iner* wntj. 
tiwni, tn n In Iter writer n w an? fajr QmtnJ lw4« In Jrniuitrp, JMI, h» 
lay*. "Had t ULen niir advice i,i li.-llj il-nl-f; inttajul of pan-ulna; tn* 
0OVTP0 I did, )•■>■* different *H cnijjlit havr Leen." C*[il*in T. J. iJ-D-rtr, 
of H***(^ii. 'IVim. a genl l*«k"*- *f I'ifilU |*iJli«i uiil uridoiiDtrd integ- 
ral*, ttrilat to m«i upon tbii iuw point a* follow* i "IbMlrft impnelant 
eitetiiWiLeife wLirh I distinctly rtnuanhir wit ■■ lb* winter OT l-SW, 
■bit jnu wit m* Irnftii E*»: T*nii***ao lo Onnf* Cfewnhonie with dbv 
patehea Tor Claatnl Lee. L'paa ear ittUhI lhare Ihri-tTal Lttwkrfmt 
ill hi* ItM, wl|*i> ll* wi* alone with (mo or Ihre* Jfortheni p»pen <H* hi* 
Ihhbj. K* T*flmfk*J that h* had juit b**ll HaiLinf lb* Tiorlhrro Otndol 
leperl uf lb* LkilLic of GeUyaburif; that li* hml brHm» utt*£td Frairt 
roiilinn llifHR npcirb that if lu lincl |KTinill*J JOB to «Tf]f cut your 
pliin>uri Lhfi till rrl Jnj,-, iiliMhJ of nuking 111* ftltftclc Oil CfiiKl*^ U«lt« 
no would Itnva Wtm ntcuwu(ul." I CHiihbl iBf, •■ lihi lit«n thimnd, «hy 
|h* AtM*n«« of (tenent Irff '* «vnjty ■lioyld li**--^ Juiiiflod liis nil A* if wi 
lh« ni'-hiy. On lb* cohlT*TJ\ whit* lh<7 hMJf ll»»** fn<r|i3«tpd faim, I h»U 
thihl il wn ulJttinni] m»n far tni hoi ImiBnllhfj alt tj|lnrh. At Ihs 

l.i.i.' [ !u- nlC.il'.. *u -.r-iirij hi- •>,•■:■ [• .:!nl lliil <-.IT i'ITiiI'V li'i'i it >•?> 

4tVtt%ny4, In cim of a uiMntHr, H fnl * f.ifvrt *i-lf**l, w* thauld hat* 
h>i n«lbtBf to torn Daw retreat. Wht^a w nurb *■* *1 *Uk* u it 
GAtlfibtltf lb* nb»*K* «f tlui o±t»1tt iIhmiM bam pnmt«« ibe latiaj 
of feOf cbancam. 

At fa lb* hilar* *f Stoart to «Kn« W Lib lb* nrlBJ to Ibo »«** tui* of 
th* HIiM Ri'lp-L I can OBrJ «tt «TI«ni)«n Id tb« fact Ifaal Grnenl L#* 
pn* bba «B«entioDBrf Diderf. Ho A tiu t t l+M »H4 ■» tw Ibooibt bat 
il«4 no <ti-CT#tio7i b#*d frL9tD hLm K» wauhJ h»T* ktKftth nncL hllm into 
hii |it|u.rftl pwJlien^lBy lighl' flai»b. But niillionlr ihiU giTtn n eut>or 

iJ.m.lLi- ktiiitiiI :r| h |.|.-, :,|. ,.|.: I,, (.u! .,". I i -i . i\.i i: £| r i!ii< 

HintrlhMi,|| lifter tlutn tlio drudff ry uf n ikiurvli nluns Our AiliiJ-L mi^hlbfl 
Ofon t« bint, tbd «IM «f C«iMnJ SturtH 1 . *iil|vj|y 'lid flftlldntry iIldieLJ 
not bo pMrnvLni ta hit 16 «*k al. A< l« Kwll'i tm\\\itr 1* ] fr O<f*uto Iha 
■drantif* woq on tho liE, llure it 1:1 tin to bo Mid, u liir Cfimbvundl ISg- 
timer*] iru on |h* Sfld, I nn-n-Ly 4)ualit Own fait [UenrnJ Ewril'^ 



74 Sutthtrn Historical S&vfjf JVp*rf. 

oAcUl report. BJ« «jj* : "Tilt mm; faaJ filloa bock la ■aHmuBdJ9| 
pntlluxn tltfrt «■* known louii t.>mrt*wj JHM, HWlb «f Geltrthu^, 
•hd quirVJjr ■bowed i fannidtU* fiwd tb*r#. On r-tiltHiii- lt.s [own 9 
rworit.nl i manage from it* Comtnindinu Gr-nrril to «[l«rk the hill, if I 
could dr. to ta *dc*ntJlgfti J coaJd not fari^K mllUrjr to b*M on Et; all 
the Itoojm willi nir hcit jidod liy lwr.lv*. ItDiin' ■itiii'liiuj] *ud fighting, 
puid 1 **■ nourlcd lIibl Q«n«r*l Johimon wu clot* U> Lli-n town wJtb lib 
dtVliloiij, |hn *udv nno or my coqm I bit ha J u»l iVnn ^n^n^^r. Aiid*™on"i 
dMilan at til* Tllirol «>rp4, biYJn|f iiwm tin I Led (e lal 1 bii-iii jiui. Ctrnt- 
l*rv KIEL Wlu rial ■■■■llililc Tram Ihn town, ind t deEtfrndqcd with J*hn" 
i*fi"» iliTliion la Ulte. pf»*o**ion of ft w,khJh( W|] to litjf l«ft, On i Jina 
willi iiiul mramuiJitii! C*BMl>i£ 11|]|, EWforw .folihvjn fOt tip tha F«de- 
nli w»n r*[4ft*d MotIhe lo oar left Bin k— our iitnn loft— ud [ 
«hjU *** whit «*nied lo be his tfcbmMMf* In "Iwl Jii*e|i»p, IMotv 
tbii n-|->rt «Mikl b* in.T«BU£tted bj Limhrwul T. T. Tunm ( of tnj Hmfl", 
u4 U*Hl4«4M ItaWl EarlY, Beat la LBTt-ilipl* tl r ud JonaMm i>ltt*d 

111 pOHKM, Ita nL{hl WU [■* .tdTUK*d r '~ (}«Wir*J JjW^SIlUlMbla fiillLBH 

fd Hint puLlir* order* 10 E*el) lo follow up lie Hjtnf wnwmj u faUawi: 
'"Thr aJtmi-k ** ■■ bOI praised tail >rif miKin, lli« r iipiqt'i fare* being aa- 
know-n Rtid It bring aonjidt-nrd *dvj*alilf to *v**tt tbo iirfnil of |h(- net 
or our lioopfe, Qk|4» w«e Mm liuli to liiMch thrlr l»rd>, and in th-g 
jiH'hiitillir rVrtp i-ITorL irn ran.de. to urorEuiu tlni uuiiilphri and |>o*ili0nn 
Of tbo oliniiiy niLil End Htfi JllQit fn.V0r*bU ]»lnl to hUfUifc." 

l'linuil l '|i«U-nMll" tt MtttllUH jUKlinrd Lti n Inera talrail. Il is tfejo 
wc?f.|)|*d priimlpta of ulion in & flint, i)f ra*™L Kkriy. 1n liii T*pW L of 
tbii iligr'n wotlt, nr< -'tb* orflt^f hu| te#n TonMd,'"' IN nbould, itfr* 
]"0tP f fiiTB b-o»n fgLUiw*Ll by *T«r}f Lbirj ttist muld hit-P b»B threwn upan. 
fab hr*l». not to much. (# jpln lb* bvixhta, tfhl«b w<rw ^Hngaiied u th* 
nJ]j tnj point, btll 10 pnrranL bii nlEjinf ■! mil lo lim* lo farm ELuot fof 
V«ib*f Ullk. If Cha rnemj b-4 Im#B r4Ul#4 Ihb (HU «JiJ ■boaldl 
&>t> bwo d*n*. In. tlw >- H4HIH7 Awwkk of f nuijbii, 1 * (HamW B*rt- 
1*11, E*q,..l tn ft* MCOMfit of [lib mil, bo HfH ™11m.jm bad KWJT«d 
«4*rt ibK«fk Rarhr fram Ccarjil Kw<-L| ilbmt^h ].r^'» H4D4t*l inilmo- 
Uofrp. wrtr »uLM£|U^cl]y it*. T**Tfw} lo hilt <l I irllj-ilxarg and id ran m 
ed TiiFtlifir 1 n <im*« In- pbOuld mcnml in napluriTig Llikt plug. Bui llm.yt 
now ia.w LIibI ibn ennmr wst* ofnflin| Jtround l>K "Il4t U krirawri *t tfaa 
Billirna™ road, ami wore ratking lOf till* bvlgJiM— 4h« CcnmLwy It id go. 
TJ.b MiJflO HniHlH life or (k«lb t and Tor []lq poainu>Jah of kl lb* biltlu at 
llic LEcL nhrl Hi| wero Hnu^lit. • * ■ ■ <?w|ik|( tn Ilia long detour tbo 
etinniy wu catnpnlliKt to mtlkOj Et wii obrJeuK tlutt ho ouuld not got bit 
•HHkrjf In pO*Ltii>n «n tbr faeighd fwr orar Or lw« lt*ur*. The ifllQiedbl* 
OGGU[Mll0n i.if ibv iLvikjbli If the C4nrcder1.tr*> who t»«0 Lit paqiliou to 
§ft Ibf-m kt lb» [buo rrftmd lot *ti a maltar ol film! LlnporlAaot. 



Qtascs of Let*i £>tfcat at Gftysbvra. ft 

Uayi rwojintied it u «acb and pre*en.tly «#nt (V B*rly. The latter 
tbougiil n* liny*, lint dcrlmed to i]i*4lico/ uid.cn. At the urgent request 
of G-rn^rat IIhyl, bow-fiT-nr, he brut for trenrTal EvrvLI. Wh(m tbe latter 
iwiv^J in«.ny pr-Ofio^* moment* hit) hwn ]wl, ]Sui ttl* oiHIuy, who- did 
Itoiaee LU value u ikEaL i. lii' arrivi'il <>i ICalicw-ki tiad ii&l ve-L appL' hired So. 
JbrcCn 11 G-cncrai Iliya told nit ten- yean- after (hp battle I hit ]ui |L could 

bar* «i4*d tha height* without tbs Eo*t of t#u men," Her* *™ b« 

General Kn^rlj-- adhering 1(7 OrJfrt* wlie-it hi in o*n convictions told him hs 
should nil da so. and refusing lo- alLim 1 General Hay* to «imi a uoLlll 
CMOgBlxod by him u of vaiL iDifhCir-ljn.rp, bream* of tee.lktiiea.1 authority, 
m1 a Jnomeivt when be ftdmitied atid know that <tun?gi?d of the urd*r 
would only hi** Mode mor* aeeiiiro. the point at tune ^lieu the- order »*•■ 

Befbt* Clmtng thtt Brticl* I d«5r* lfl MJttto flnalfy and fnlly oiui point 
cc.nE*rning which there- hoi to* El Kiti-cb dls-CUMlttn, vii; the idle gc*t. d^tay 
in \h<* atLnck u]ran []lc Id. 1 am mored U> Ibit Utk ItoL SO htiich by an 
ainljition to disM-lre the clou J of penjorisl biistei/reseliLa'LlOn that hu 
both ifctded about my hud, ru by a ic-m* oF duty vrhicb lentil did (A 
determine a point lliat will ho of value- H» the hiMPUMl- It niu faHiJ, 
by General 1'eiidLelmi, with wlnOHa the careful HOsJ of ilaUiHWnt Ofdelibe- 
ra^ene** nf judgment Iiu. never been a charaetcriatJo. but wbo biOii been 
disliliaultfhod lb* tJlfl u.nrolLihi|ity fl J bii mnroL.ry r that General Leo 
ordered Ida <* aHad: tho ciLDfup a,L tmari^e <ni 1b« id. C«n<jr»l J, A. 
£arty liv, in paflLtim tc-nn-^, iiL-dDHK^l thin olmrg^ 'rrfiiC-li I ItOiV priK<e4<t 
t(H Jia|irmt. 1 bavo said, tlial I Lef4(i(?ncml Lvb latO in Lli* Itijht oT Lite 
1st, nnil [hit kio hnd ciOt tlniii du'k^uii-h^t *hf \i \.txt> D,tl*wk *li<Mll*t b4 
made; dint 1 wciil Eo Ilia h*a JquarLcri- efliljr Lhe JuiXt huminiji: *;i-U «ii» 
with him for m>iti« tLnui; ibnL be Left din oarly aEt«r HunriMJ and front I* 
Kw^'BL'h h*adqu*rt*hj wEde []it &x|t*o« vi*v flf *eoipg whpLher or not the 
main attack should, be umdo Lben, unil that he n?tUTn-0u at about 4 
o'clock.; and tltat al"ti*i duoiu^iTig Ihc; ground for Mijue- tinie bo deter- 
mined that I fthould niftko I lie main attack, and m 11 q'^lock tone me. 
tiw Chdi't to pfefV* br it. I now preac-nt jLreiitUHjLtt: tliat Uittain the** 
aacelEioni. 

Tiic Br*l l^ttjjT (hot Iflflor J? iVom PtrfeB*l W, 31, Taylor, of OErwrri 
Lee's *t*iT [t i« a* P&]!ohp» : 

"Sohpoi-k, Vi, ^^i/33, 187*. 

"EtAft. Ozjkbh.*.l: 1 hare TveriTed jtotip LrtLcr of the \%k\i iiulanU 1 
hanfi>nol r^ad ill* artiflo of -n-liiob y<m t{-'\\U, nOi h»Ve 1 uCi-r y.'frt naiy 
oapy nf Gennnpt Pepdlet^n't add p*W i jnijfced, J lihys ro^d (iLtl^ ori'Othina 
of what boa been YrrilLen nincD th* war. In the fij»L plocn^ bociauKq T 
eoeld net »|p*re the I into f and In lite- seoonttj of llioa& i*f whose- vrricinga 

1 bast- btacd I deem hM-t vory few entitled to any flttwttion vihatCTer. I 

epn -Only Hif Elint I never bclore beard nf 'thn Hinriduj alLnek 1 you were 
to hifLVCi mado. u cnur^Otl If Ooimcal JVendletOti, If luch au onler itia 



7*3 $wt!\ffti Historiwtt Soi-iety Pnptrv, 

fvi-m jratt [ bth fcn#w of it, or il kw tfiatif rlr ***=*ped h»r Memory. 
OiibW H ddh Huh prwbablt; ttul •< (i*ti^Tn1 J^" li*d tunl Jftur Itnopi 
itu!iM« ihd crcnini lirrviftu* 1e l1m $*f of if Wert y«u rpMfc, h» wauM 
liarv dfilaraii in *^H r Y hlc^k, liUl Ll| Ih rifii-u priE- touch lbs jHiinl nL inui>. 

T *l'£nnl l< ll' ft llTl'lLl mi-liLk-fl |>I1 ( III' |Hr[ Of Ihnm w|]n, prr|np.i h liCftillll 

dF polillaiL differ* nww, mm uihIhf(.»N^ Hi crilirtwi »*4. Sit*?!*- r*ur- ■« 
record. Nych c^niJwl ^ tt<*H «l*(#lir*rot*s and [ «m lur* nw4t tb^ li* 
l«ntal«*lMi of aX 0*MC<a#lWf*i*<i wilfcwham I «*" krf lh* pi™™™ 
of ttiftrSiiiiif in 1lir il.iilr w.ilki i>r life, 

" Yonr», g*iy fM|w«Lfyll)r, W, H, Tarn™, 

11 7k Q***Tltl IflJUHTUlT." 

Tfc« iml letter R r*+* GcJomI QmIh SDwpJmIL «f G«Hn3 L**'* ttMtt. 
who tu* chtrgt of All the pnp-ri* left by Cmtnl Lw. It la H MUwit 

<■ S.h,tiih»w. Mrx,_Jlf*y 7< IflTJ. 
''T^KMt ^R^ES.iTir Vnur l?t(**i" of tli«i Slch nil. wai r^jfivnl ntiil photltd 
have hail no M.r]jnr rviilT bul &» my eruMHiMimnl* JitttejiIthK IB* fawn 
looking ■■ mj paper* n> flaiwhal I #Mlkl on I In- .nHifn-t, I hav* no per- 
tonal rettaQetCKiti of ih* OTltr 1* ■ Wh to* r*f*r. Tl e+r+iintr «u nM 
(Cfi*rir"l Ifv tft*. tiiFf ■■ 'It*** aitjr tiling in Gpnrrwl 1^*' , j cfficiil M'|mrl to 
thorn the attack nn Elm £.1 mu r'nr*M?led bf him im bcpiti rarlirr, rX«pt 
ihnt Iihi tint ice* [Jul lh*rr wdj nil proper MrtMrt of 4G4lcn Oil HtM day, 
'■ h*4|M«lftlU/. C|»ll« plniaii.L, 

JL 71 Gtmtrat Idaairaim Xbc QnTraiu." 

Ttieri n !*!!*¥ ftWB flt*n*f*l A, L, l*"( r "bo *ui lie-rtrnJ l>*'i military 

"Km Ui.Jthrp, BuNil^ V.t„ 9^11, ItTfr, 

"Elvl Qiyil.iL] ViMtr I^U^r **f III* 1 JTitli ulr., wfrtrinj; li nn n»'frtion 

■tenluIlT ii W|nw». '"Thai <!Sftirral I** *r*^f4 flm^ml Onj.'.trT+t in 
MtiMCk U^drhiL M™nli* nt hiinri>^ i>n tli-f ntr>tjint^ i\t Llifi 3il of ilnly^' tiu 
IwH'ri fdi^li'i-nl, I r|*v ni>L rreoU-i't'l ftiT hr-nriit|{ r>T nn ^•i<l' , -r !v j(|m-l( lit 

iunr]np b nr nl any atltri' Jwiipml"! Ii*'»it. pn- il-Ili-i^ iS |ii ,n-- i- .a 

GcCi^liur^ ilut-iDg fclm lr*t thfw 'Uy» *r J*tLy. ItCJ. * ■ * 

" Vtt«i tralf, A. L Lfttfe 

" n Qwiwt LonnTiitT." 

E Bill ill" l*lt*r nfi" C iEj>jir| Vi>iihliln-. «f nrn^ml f^tfi ibiflT, wlil*li tlimihl 
of i4f»lf t-n conL-limifr. I Ki^rrLr preimw> IE <*\lh tlw sU-Umi^nl Elut it 
wu full* ? o'clock L*r.jK HJen^rat 0« ivtamdl ftou bk f«#ftBOL«ii»» 

Of E**ITiUp»*^ 

"I'jTiiifciit* nr Vitwi?!]*, JWVy U, IJ7S. 
Gmmrt JuJtU LumirrirKTi 

Dijih CteuuLi Yi^ir ItUiaoi (ft* SSili nlilm^ with fr>(SihTi3 t^ <t«v. 
Ln'l tin l ill' orili-r inn Ulu 111 anil S<l v{ Juty 4t <ieetj4t4Tf t wtu July 
nair«d. I did nnl \wrt* «f nftf <W»4*F for atLu<k on Elu «i*M)f 41 «»- 
tie *n it' il. **T ™* ! brlLT**ni +woh<ir4«r »*»m-*m^ IfT n*n*ral l**t 
4bM*t lUBrite «■ |%v 9l of JuIt I *n* m-61 Irj Urnmal t*i M Urnrral 
Eirpll lo vk him -h»l hi« fli^i^lbi nf Ibt •dTinl»jr r > nf »h i,Ll*"k en ihu 
tnrmy hum ii* |Hm|LLf]ri. (Cofniml Mnr»lin]l liml f'i'*n smnt with i\ liaiU 



Ouatt qf Let's Leftat at Otttpihiirg. 7T 

lsr«d*r en Ih* night of lb* U*|l OfMfil E**ll bh4* mm ti** wilh 
him from iwinl lo pmnl iif tu» Vilur*. »rt *• l*iw* wilh hiics Ibf^KiCf po*L- 
liffn of IhiriK', B*f*+* 1k* Ijai Itifi^iLfU lira Muni n*t Inn of" Elm *[iBrnj"i. 
|n»iirfi>n ln-iii-rnl Ijf-r imiii>i I ■ i u i - ■.■- 1 f t<i O^-iic-nil Kt» «■ 1 1" « I' i !■'■■. [it »-niihijg 
lh*i Dicuu^ t*i (l«neraL Kwrll, Uthrnl Lw »tt tXldkiilt ta Sn-riHd lk.it 
the qutilrati «**■ ■rfarthrf he ffeouhl W*** t]| tb* tn.n>jH uwri an the 
tigbT ami aiLvl( 40 ib*« awl*. I da b«4 IhtBk IhiL lb* tnnd on "hi-rh 
I w** trtti l»jf Lb» CMnmiodme, <J>Bf-r»l 1* coaj-Ulrol mth [be idr* of *» 
BtLuk at iiinrue by »n>- |*>r linn of ih* *miv. 

Your*. 'very 4 rwlTn 

qma a vmiiti." 

1 idd upon thu point ike leUer of t>r. CulLen, kw4i«At dicwiw of the 
FlfM NTM; 

"K<r ■*(*&, Ya-, J%1*> WT4. 
Gmrroi J 1* I* Lfcy&jf MET r 

D£i* {ji.vKBJtb— Your* nf Eho l&tli uli. ihDutdhntr ifciwiwd mj; hnm*- 
di*t+ AtHntlon, nui kwftire jm*w*riir|r il E ""» dwirWW *f refrfrihiitK n*T 
mmorr of the icrar* mid Llrcidttili nf (lw* fr«11jt%«Wf c*mt«wjn »y «&■ 
Taut ioa #ith Mber* * li'> ■»**■ with m* utd wh» wnnl in dinVrrtil MI|V 
of ibe tWIl MJl II ir** in utDirnd ike «n nwacrtrtrnl (a- iht murr'nan 
*f lur Fn»t inisj oarfw Eh*l the HiupH-t afid Idttlrt in in-;ii >1- ii,: feU 
llorat iintl *nlrlp dllo to !<■ acWBaalOtT) nrad lh*t hail Jio atay**! 1 lh& 
OnEtrp of tlii 4omnihti'ili 4 *-|ii -uSii«-f 1I111I Mi'nnln'i .trim' nfouLJ Iiitp Lh<imi 
bi|#B. Lwfara LtK-nlirr force bid bwftibbjdc an <L ii« ftdal 4j«4aaaf1 ture 
tB*!*br n«de certain. It »# % link imnp lb*t lkr»* fiu»rpr» w*r» not 
■nadr whilp '■* , fl»1"»l Ifrt 1 <•*■ fcJJf* lo Hibttinlial* or Jn^nrre ibvfll. *od 
ibAl «*rh Jt»j* -Qf nafiHi nie-r^ pmuitlriJ 10 M» bf In *il#«ic* iy^nnbii£ 
liivtu, ftaiN roitiiuni" in MbjCiiMb to tiul \\\xm Hie 4eTJ(rt#tiw»* 
nt *ntl tlm tvto o(UiriiJrhll*t **>C#r« «r QtMotJ J**" 1 "* ituflT for Llmlr iMLlr 
momr in |]hMM>, MIhI I 1J11 n^i think iJni fou. will Live- aft rrv^n Ed 
fnr tbriT FtuliiKr. Th#T kw rrvr? unler It At »•* t**4«l tVr |ba| b»l- 
U* r »hf^ «wl nbn* atlkcb+ -rrr In W HM4h ~l>n «*t* *!*■■ L* »1t*rk 
in| r *nd who did. not miiln* *U»cV« BM w*f» *»|**H«ii la b« di4*, 1 
bopr f for iJip ■»ll* Of hlM^ry "id. fnr ™t IriKf mililitrf rtoirnJ. tlnl a 
quleliU will Kt«n» t* jnit oil tliit ibIiJpcE. I diiLindU' THn*nil»'r Inci 
nnr44i»n(V Id' oar lu<i<Li|iHTlcr *h1fiji *r ill* «4«Ut wba hrouaht f»B 
Fr«lrrLt"k [he linl ir^rnulit \h*,l Ei«n«nl Lte bad or I lie ■l*"titn(' 1 *li<fW- 
«oot» of t3i" tfii^Biijf: i*f Itt* t-iirit^m'ril *i (itnml I*r'» br^Jifciiit*ri 
— riffljj n^utirrv. ojDjrlrmHHjTS w*ilf»i»^li*4>*K,. ptl tfHotLa|t >oni*euiy 
HtovriUftitof the onnim*hii« drL^tto.*ri|. u\„,ti lIih- it-l. hraU|Ebl lif iba 
•ooat. TJml kfcei|~ttip.i|i <J rubral IjM" imi wnlkirif mrilli iain«of li* in \\i* 
rc«j(l in frwltf. of JkUi lifftilnunTlt-ra ahul «iikl: 'TniniiwrtiW. ■j#jLtli | linr<n l »o 
fill nr^r, inibi'» to Iljrri-^UFif u *« *jm**t*4 J tu I * 1 1 1 povfr 10 fleuys- 
hurjt ami m wbt! Om^i*! M**At i* 4n*r.' f>*ln« kuL. Iben ben b U B I i 
lo l-tte corpt 1^ BOW* M midtuib on It* SMraiiif of lb^ Hdtl »U> . *nd 
|ih:nhificlf II tLirt LiiB* tba carp* m pul or Ike nwl. Tbi ITW*]»* mnryt 
trwlr • thorl dintMite* wIipii Hm-j T"r« ■i^]mici( !■).• ^w^tLV w»fflri lt»init 
Bad Job hhiii > ditini4jn Ltiruiu; into tlif r«H ih 1n-hl of Lhfin. iiinkitij 
their vi.ly ii-iiii »rirn.-p Laiirt north to CVIiEuwiiortfptlytbhrg. How isunjr 
JkLHiff w* were deLuanl 1 un uqhIjI* to ■>> , lult Lt nm*t IlM'4 b*#n muiT h 
lor I n Bimbw **trr.f it iUEi*'fa pe JiBn*r b*J'or* b>otib( Bjaiin. JV~t4*f 
eltxwoi l* •** yaa 1 tod* ripwUT br Ibe Iroopt I vb«h mt npnh p* Ike-j 
«#uM pi ialn Ibt iwl. taiiiJied huttirdlv b^ Ut il^l, *nd prriFlook j-ou 
mboat dirk it the hill V-I»Lb iLd* of fifllljibhrj;, ahnnt luir b raile finhi iho 



78 Southern Histtirical Saeteig Pnfttrs, 

loirrK Ymi had burn at rtlO front *Lth Oenehut Le* * nd irtre returning 
(O yew- cqUjOh n. mtlo tw Lhto back, [ apoku Ti?ry extdtin jly of the victory 
we wflif llpi::-iL.i|]it (o Iimv-4: nbrnin-rJ LhuL day, li'i t wa* *>n rpii4<ed 10 And 
thai yon- nli-iE riot, |n.l{e lb* tAlU* e)ice;rful vkw of it EIlrI E did, and j>tw- 
erttly ju<i Ti?marki?d <hn* it would ]|*t<; be^h belter hid ire not lough! 
thill 10 have Lrh umfcHM whul iff did. Vow. «rt<i ^lln-t the tkifnty Trera 
I (■ It ncciipjr I'Djc a fKwLLbn Hut It would tokfl tlio wh.slf" army tn iItLv.? litem 
from and th.*n at a filttrU rttlrftc^ We rmn reached thr camp, throe 
Bkil« h perhaps Tmnb tiftiyftburf, J|ii<L found ihe rttumn Tirar by, Order* 
w*T* it--iUt-;l (A- hp i*mi1j- to marob at 'ntnyhtv/flk,.' or *orna cflrLief liour, 
nrxt mot-ning, Abi>ir.r. j o'clock in the morning, whiSc tins «tnr% wijco. 
jlnnLnp, rnnlfjft. your ]L.jfido.*fiTtm ind plhJV la General Lee'*, wlmro j 
fotiikd >1>u hilling with liiiti ,r/iYf niftriK Swki 14c nt Iheeneniy on IJcnuclery 
3 E ill. I rodu [lien into (it'tlv-abuTit and uaa ^ona *0Hte two IK'UTt, ft, rid 
when 3 returned foiwd you BtilL with Clemcm! T.rti. At 2 or a o'ciook in 
tliu (Eajf I rod* with yan tawfthiE tli« righi, when you nr tie- about to nttaefc. 
and w;w vriLh you in front of til*) [wioti 0Hh4tit when Hood begim to 
move* latent-dp Round To|h. Cc-Ti-nrjil Er<H>d wry iSOu wounded mn) 1 
removed him (SOTO the fi*H to a house, ucnr fcrjf, ' * *' * ■ 
I am yours very tmly, 

J, S, D. CflUN.^ 
I Jiibmit next *n MlnKt Ironl the oflicui report of neiu>ral P, J|, 

ll-.i]i i::|i- 

"Upon npunmebinff CiDttjj-bin^ I wb? njinw(f^ to ■Mcupj' < be pcaitic-n 

In- liiMii>r Ij-itih 1 wbii'ri IjnrL lirnt- boeTi tnKitNt by P^ncl-Of v divhiOfl, JUfld 
to place one br-igtcle ^ml biiESOry OT nrtiElxiry a luiEp or hkiii* on ibp Tiflti, 
Wilcoj'B bfi£jruir and Qiptmit ttrts*' fanOttT, ^f Lan^'n bnltn.l:Dri h wcfo 
p<rited in iba JvLncltnL [lr.iiciorj. wliilf- Ilia rat h/p \t \>i\)pv\<sn 0CcU|>inJ ihti 
tht> fPfrtind ffum wliicli IVack-r* diviairm had flr*t Iwil BKriraL W* 
dmrjnitcd in poulinn unlLl lb* nirt?hsh^ of ihr list, Trhcn 1 rcc+Lv*d 
ordem to take up a ncrc li.no af lmHlt oil ll»e yljltt of P*hilt'r-'s dirl^Lun, 
atKHU t i Mite hUj fL lifltf fiirJher forward. In taking i rii^ Tirw jio*i1 jcjfi r!|nj 
T^tilb Atsb:mifi htfintoilt, ffilffll'i brl^ndr, IiJtd mltnip ikirmSih nith 
tbft hfldy of (Jiff frsenay wb* kud (v^u 1 m,,.hJ fl tvo^.1hh| JiilL oil tin- cxticmo 
rigbi of my li:ir. * * Shortly aftrr the line had beeh fnnijud I 

ffectiLtrrd notice llin.1 ijicuUnant-G^nf-ral Lftagfl(?e$l would Wi-mfiJ,' Lti4 
xjfOMitd On ti»]f liflit. fttid (Iml iii^ Mnow-miNi Ik- in :i dirii-li jii i:i-.li1j.- »\ 
ri([hl ano|o« wjlli mil»0, and Lliai li* *oiiUE awnult. tliu ItXbttM l^ftof thfl 
^ncra/ nnd drivo him tiytrhri GeMy»bur^' h 

Front *. n^rtnUn of General McLa?M r publishetl in 1ST J, ■ oony Hie fol- 
kiPiingL 

"On the 30tli ofJuntsl hhil li«n rl i-r-i-l^rl to lidvo mv division ]n 
-^-;i-ii!- ■■-- !■■ !■■'.!: " ■::■■■■ >:■! r.v.lj - . .-..:|,. ^ .liiihiJ |p-.ii-:.r-.l ■ ■■-! I >'- 1, .k: ^. 
wlijcii it wns inlininU'd wn would hiV* pA*»«l bf 10 n'elciclt tht n*il day 
(lio fintt of July [i, my di vision w^ m^c^P nlinsltv msrohe4t ffOBl It* Mmp 
jund Liin?d ;i1on^ (111 1 ii'i'l in Lb« order rsf nurch, biij^tlridk the 1*1 of 
July. W]mn (he lt**Offt of Jtivrll^ ■j ptj f* I t vftu John^trm'M division in 

chaRr* cl 1 'Rwfll'ft aaijmk train*, whleli w-oi* coming fram Cnrlble bj,- iho 

Tij*d fp»[ of [lie miMin Lnins-^lknd pi«pd lh<i Ikmid of my ooliunn, I ajtlt^d 
tietieml L mi;-' In ■■■("* ukdl ofliccn Majr>r FidrFB^ if rar diTbirm should 
For]|on r llii v/fnt off to «n^uire, And retuirned with omfflrt for m* towaji 



Qtum 0/ Ltt's Defeat At Geitttsburg. 79 

until Ew*ll''t wftRftji Lenin bod pnued r wbich dill not hnji-Ltfn until after i 
tfvlock T. K, The I ml ii nfna ftiLcutuWil to bp fourteen rails* Iuil^, when 
J toeJc up the limy of m.»re.h and wnlLntled ni*rehiti£ until I arrived with- 
in three coll**, of Qetlyiihurjj, where, rviy wmm»nd f*)uii*u nlvn% a creek. 
This wn* tfif it'll* the npjjlil. My rlivliEnn wan lending L*t>raJTe<;[> carpF, 
*nd pf opijnp tin: attw division* mtfti* tip Inlcr. I vur HowL'e JiviHlini 
Eliu nrxt nnjin:tii!.i3iil undoratood thill FscJte-LI had bmjra d^tftebri to 
£u*Mi tiift *ear. Vr'Wilc dp Ebo march, « about I* o'clock At night, T raft 
G^n^Tfll LwtrWtfetft ftriJ sOtne Of fail itair coming fresi] ihe direction of 
aellyiburg, and hAd * few niOHieatw can-ver*Hian with Itlm. He S&kl 
nothing of bavinjj received *f\ order to atlrttk nt dAylijjhC ihc- ne*n morn- 
Lug. Het* f *r5IL *i*ic Elmi until Gencnil F-ondlewm cumEioned it about 
two yesf* ago when li-O Vtja dti n JecEuring tour, xlu-T thd d*ntli '>t {Jcne. 
nt Lee, I nana- lined it intimated fcven tint uny such order hud ever 
been glvan.'' 

I clwe the IratlltiOny On Ellin point by an axtmci from a fatter fc*Itt 
Q«n«M|. ](«od. Re wrlEs*; 

" E arri™i wlEh rriy ilalT in frpnt of thfl height* of Gettysburg Ahordy 
after 'lajr br*flk r a» 1 hare alrendy stated, on tlu: nKirnjnjj of t£» 3d M 
.luEy. Sty diTl#Lotl 4^411 OQBUHEMpd tiling Into an open field ties? me r 
when lhn troop* were allowed fi*(*<;k nTm* ftnd. hrtl Until furthrr ordcra, 
A rhoTt distance La advance of thi* paint, and ■: 1 1 l t- 1 1 1 ^<- [lie *(nyy part of 
the. *:hivii;i fi l i>'r 1 1 ! i ► ^T , we YFcro both ensigcd In CDTaiuny with i}d\nttf\lt A, 
F L El II I and l^o in ohwhvins (He ]iO»ilion of Ltie ti-dtMnk. General [.», 
i^idi cmt bulLonrd to Ihq lhT(?s(, mLp-ti lwitt fitguthI hit ^Aill and Geld 
g)ft«fri j;*]idini; ai, limiidv, tnlkcd up And down in Ilia *]i*ii+ of liWg+> 
tMKr? nWtrTU, halLlli^ll&w iliji:] eIlCii 14> obierrL' [lie [Mtninf. Ela Ar^med. 
full of hranfi, y«t ftl OCTief buried ill d*0]»l liOUgllk DjIl-ijc] Fn-emAnlln, 
Of tngland, mu eioqnccd in fhij f^rfci uf n t^e twL Bnr iff With glA>ac» 
in, tinulAiit use cauniininj; lira lofty pavilion of tbn Kivtrnj ANUy^ (t^Ai 
enL J.^e »*S T-HHJ:ningE>- anx.i<jui Ihnt jrmi rhonld altflc-k thai m-Wfl i-Dg, 
lifl pfmnrk^d to me: 'The tlftjeEiyf |h her*, nlnl it tW dft not ?rbin Lira hp 
will vfLip ua.' \i,a thnngshl it WlUS to »w*tt t*l-0- WfriyaL if ViokeM'B 
dtvihiuni >( Ihal lime p-Llll in [Tit rear, in ordrr Ea mit(* ilte ^:1aflt f 



■nd yflsi AfiEd to Uo aul^uqaenUy, vrlii]a m xycitc b«E«I tu^mthtr 

M?o it. n little n«rreu» thin morning 
He uinllw me Lo attack. E do not vrisb to dn mi without Pwkijtt, 1 



n*nr tlvr Erunlt f,t a tffe; '(j^sidmI J*oe fR ft little rjeTTSiii t3ii» Jnrnrnln( 
He wjiiltcfl me Lo aElAck. E do no! wish t& di 
nevfjr I il^c to ge into > balEJa with one boot onV 



llAT-iuu tli us disproved tlie &44eT(ionu of Mewre, Fendlcien And Early 
in regard to tbb FUraoHd Ohl^r for ■ Kunrise Altick, Ll uppwn tliat lFl«y 
am w&rlby or do furtber TcoogniEion | bun it ft (tlffieuLt te poiw tusVOnd 
tbtra wltbfiut ttetlng the m*Tnier in which, by Iheir ipnornnce, thej 
mitred the. pUci? of Ihfir chie.f on 1 "- ■ - ■ rV|d if battle, itr. Sfcndteton 
Tibbtd rMc-hetl'A eJLvision of t(* [IW»t itupOrLflTil ruljuncE, fte^h field arLLU 
Iltj-. at Ulc moinrtit <>i \U wrtre.^L trial, and thui fwanlratcd Ihe TrLic»nd 
biillisitt inrijrtitnlfne of aanrali pLinnpJ by GeneTAl A]«K41ldor, dTti wllh' 
QUt the k™&wlcd£o ef Ibat offloor. (&«ft r*fhiti¥e of Geherat Alexander 
in EIlc iSnrfAirji Ilitievitttl Puptrs foy Sf-pte-mber, ISTT.| Geneial Eariy 
bnofee up Genwnl La*'* Elite of battle on the 3d of July by detftehtnri 



80 Sotdhtrn Butorieal Stxitlf Btptr*, 



pert of hit dbUw en *«b* v*plU<Llar «rrrk^ Ut tklaibn *f G«**r»» 
LltV^ibn.ud tLui pmrahJ tit VHtffnAirw alia** <A Ew+U tfd*f*4 
by OvUvfal L**. 

Ii Ji pHfOT i* di*aw* imfi.^ *J thb prim* ili» nwMMRiicr ihnbird 
day. EM Hill|l of (k*t day »i hiMto by U*iipril l'ink«H mm emphMi- 
cilly 4 tarlara liDpe, The |rt>Lht dt*lf1Ml*d] h]f HMvonJ 1*6 u the jwint 
of MLvit iftumad to lm about one mile from wbnri* h* mil I Hood trheh 
lin pm Mi OKlflW. I **k*d him if []ld r1!ntanc* ikNl w* IjiuL to nvereome 
imd«ra lorrillc ft™ WI4 li«l more H»n a niila. 1 1* Twpllrdi "No: it I* 
U04 not* Itam fourteen hundred J-rtiJ*," Hii thai owr ttoo[+, wliea Chcj 
uwatnv* ibl fll**l, 3nd Ut idwanM lliudivlanrt umO? tli" flrvW »Lhi«t 
half of tb* Federal annr, before- thSJf WuW 1** * **"•- Anything Lew 
than thirty Ih«*i*p4 tntk Tttmu won III hut" W*l» lunLjr uurtStd in 
Ibi* attempt. Tfc* fa*H fjWfl l*t fe *■« wot* *ai Pick«ll* &YUHW 
n - r*tfci^i i j.irl *i .1 . i!-->-i\ >.'/■'- irn fr^li and r-* k to nnd*rU«.? 
anything. M» iu| |rttim|! for** *f prekahly MHO aim had bkMdjr M*» 
ami h+uttad h**4t from the Ggfat #f ibe jmvbotM diy r and *«i mrt in 
pWical mntlii'iiii le undertake Rich dniwral* wnib, When froth Iney 
ww* lb* n|ual» #f *njf troop* an earth ; but FT"rjr soldier k-ftoa-i (Jut 
there Li I (reeL difference between fnMl anldt*™ and tho+u who bafd 
jufl paina GUI of * hwury btUlfl'- It hu been oliaFjM that |ba delajf orf 
thn*lt*ek nn lltdltLrd n«n IbeaiUtrof tlin rillure »t Knell 44 CO-0JM- 
Tatn wltb Pkik*HL'n nLCiick. Coianct 'tivfUt ■ni,» (Kill HwmII wa* anlfired 
to attack aL ill* unu Lime with mv. tivlno b^ltf lJl>' injin a.ttack. Be 

■tfii 

■■(J»rt*r«l |jirjpli**[ r i dLipt«l[KKn ■ »rf* not ^mpUlad uunuwu 
mfltfi • * * uVtCMfd Ew*LL, «ha had enl«n la co-opcral* wilt* 
Orfl*ral I^aa.lrwi, Afld wha nu, af «urw, rm! «war« of •» iopwli- 

Bfftl |o Ihr- TVH-iti iltit-i,. ELlTinjT If LnfiJfCil 'irTVPCj Ji JiaMWt dil?Lnj thfl 

nifhl at lb* il, arJ*«d Mm for-aid riritf tb* F**al ■vjrainjf. Id ah*. 

.J -n-- i. |WM - r,.|ii>;1i.. --.■;• ■ -ii htlW* 1-vavi* b*lb -r.-'j-i 
bt*H*<l«B«nl tmtU t*»W h* ii-(w*>*i nf tha hall Ual bad bt« calW 
D^tna Mtt rifbt," 

LafUi look at the facta «f ihkt ln»tf^d fit " mah inf thii atuck Jit 

dh^tlEjIit." (IrheraL Efiell **J* r Mwl biffqw I hi* lima Sited for GrH*r*l 
,lnHn»iHi'" advance thB-enetiij HLwrkcil Mm Id r*-|(*iii ll»e wofVi -captured 
try HLuatt tli4 avoning bpfore." (Irnnrnl MnJ* ill lli* olHfi*! r^part^, 
uyi; "Crni ihft morning of U>* 3J, 0«l«fMl *l«afy, liavlwjj retnrnud 
during the iiljiilp at Lack*d al cftf]} 1 «l*wn tll« ^twnty, immI itlW^rd^rdJn 
i]ririi»n lihit Ua>jk "id m occupy in j libi HuintrT |h«Illhi-|i, A ipirlled con- 
IMl wai mnirbiiiirJ tJerjg th'i* porljan or lli# llriT-nll the coerninf, and 
(inn*?*] 0*«Tr r i«nlb™«d by Wlujfeti'ils-riitJeflf Ihif Siitln.-H^r|*, Bfl*tB- 
laJntd bli psulion and Inflated »*fy w«i» laM upM tb* tUB»r." Sqw 
Ld matt 19 ear *■* of *ae line, Al aboiH Hinriw Uanttml U* OU 19 



fiiMW «f LrJi Defiat of 0<ty*f». 81 



m* **4 bnfofm*.] ibu (if D «l F*fc*i -<nhl huh mjmi to ■», tod tbeu 
rtnleitd ttai bii Ipoop* vr**e u bo umhI u * rnlmafc nf 4*>«.uEl. dn» 
P«tt»< lb* pobiL of U-tttll. and Ihmt paflfHw *t lb* TbM nirp* w+« » 
h* li.*d in nipper I. About T a'dwh OrtWii I**** nxlt forwud and 
iWUd li*nt hi* innpa tr^cld Men b* apan Hi" ri*M and „k*d 40 b* 
MP**-) M. potillnn. &»ka*l W, W r W«*l a of P i*k#tL'i ifoliiaii, it. bi* 
nmaunlor Hi* dtp, in.fi: K If [ rem*iiib*r oofMtitlf,. Pickett' p dirinno 
n-H* th" ftNlll*ry TTPipaM In position bj | I A. M; 1 Tl after-™ h<» thai 
0*ri*r*E Cl4iiTf RtlMktid UcTifml Bw*]| il lnrut (in* | IL -,ur before I fall 
taHkiKl mf ontor* fop tlm diy j i| Mt M ifa* »rj KuMM of mjr WMlYlfig 
iltBu Lnktmrilnui Gtntnl &mII wbi mn-gH En n "tplriitd efntet!"' 
IW <lil« iwitvil hut conlinjcd uvwl haiin bo for* Urlirnil FicfcetL'f 
ETfH|M r*Bl" Up"iri lb* 6rfd, in4 ihil Ilia wh1h| -»» tLt*u»JJj- MM 
befep* OolMinl TicVm Nt>d lb* utillpff w*m* |>rrp*rH for ihe b»tU*, 
W4i»i» Elktw* t/i»»i f rtorrt» w«* coraj..|*.ii*| UnJ lb* b*|L**pa* «rd***4 to 
op*a, 0*p*f»l |>*|.1 bad b**n d-Hr** ttaai hii (^uim ud h| t IbU' 
■hip ■»» ttwJp Ina mi «ebet part of Lb* aph^ fei n; Tl|jfl|[_ Ibt 
Cbtt* tn*f bar* bwi roalWion of ordan eft [h* B>ld d**^ Lb* mood 
wid third >Uf 1 I «n Dt« (Wtparal to dtfnj, tat lh*iw m hoiking of iJtr 
bLad about 'I... iiniv [quartan at Ehe Fin) «rp*. 
Qtn4f*L WjIeci nep, f Qn ™4 A* h filling wilneu in all WPJ«rnin£ 

th* IwIiIb orq<ujrifaL)Tfi, wad Man 1* know oT'tfihlngt qf Genet*] Lee'* 

within n-iiil the mwetnenl* cf rhfl FirH VHft, »w4 In fMt r^rvtbin g 
•lH *NMi|i1 hip dtfh Dnlnn. HiH bTljjmJr Wu lIm .^MnLlrig brlg*4* for 
Llici to.W#pj ftiatnini.ni Lh*t "** to pf«IMI Mol^wi 1 fluhik, Flu prfintulimf 
il lb* ojmnii]£ of tll« fl£lit F *UfaeT Clirv.u^Si ijMKrtHiir* o,f}||i chlemor II 
trin|i|.r*lii»niJDn or rifiUlwin of il«rm. JEnJ !■* 1ml *n*nrti7rj ^ fju ^i^.,, 
hfijEkd* iu^I^b-I tof IwJclQg I* lit raiinijfncm rf th* f«n*p4tl b#ltlp, U»* 
i|i]p|mliil rhbibilik?!] [rf iDhlieTT fivi-n by hi» inpn "r.-vuld hm'rr fir«n b*tc«f 
MBlbh 

I KiTwnvtMWBU^^LwMqi^lbtOtalcdAF^tupniilh**.^^^. 
ptl I pib*r fr«B qaettUo** ibx fan uMae*4 h»mi( rb« ot}*et4«ii 
■b lh« ibtuUm> of r*ap*j|«uni fill Lb± F«lrf«U wnalil <iv rap*riar 
S|buii4 wpnn lUtt Mt miL Th* UaB.f*4*tAt*f, -fIuhb [ hiF* r^ .fl^r^ 
J»b.J lh*llbUii Itu*. Atlkotijfh rmi fct*hrjc»Llj wttvr.i Lb* C4BJt(« ii 
"Kb! In lb* itwbprial i^lni, Tt* uiu*J QgbLtntf m iK* flttd «f titttTt- 
bnrt fajf llin irm/ of tb* FoLainifl ww. ««i murkm! \rf any uiiij-il.iJ ^t- 
1»nlrf f bulth* (KMilfon* thit it OouujhmE w^p* hn],J with, muei, „„„ 
ihun ihm UHwl tp-nwHtjr of purpose. 

Tbopo Li Utile to H*y of Llic rcln-jtl of O*nofnj Irfo'i pirmy La th* Polo- 

«««, W|i*n ffr racked South IfouriliUIn, inn our M(r«ai, *ro C**fti^d 

tkftt lb? I'wlml (ijTjIry tt*b im, ptrong fwc* lhp*«.l*ntn* llipid4>>irifcEioD 

of At mini ibm oollettiBf it Willuuiuptirk mul ibit n *u ml*> inr«^ 

« 



f S Smihtru Biitmeel Soeitty fltptrt. 



cvblinjr oar lulu gn ■&* road a™l b«roin|r. rttot of our wijhi. Upon 
Ik* (VCtipi *t (hit iB(*]lifdW, C««l I** oril#r#d n» t4 mm: b u 
rapldl? aa pootible Ed lb? rttLe* «f 44f !f*itv*. Jtjf * fotewd ttufth «# *ue- 
CNMftV4 in- «U**iB]|( lha road and reachtd WilliamipwrE in Lira* (a !»t* 
oiir «M|ifil|r trninr. W» linn took, paulian i\ntriii| Eh* croatsng En.ere- 
and aE Tallinn *'ilfr, i rhotl dUlarjiMf ba]aar, Ai tPi* dtrUrr «rpa ar- 
fbV-riJ Ihry wrm iMiprud poailiane and w* W#lH t4 Wcrk>a* rapidly M 
;,,,, ,il,l,i i.. i 4 ei> ■: hll Ii i-ii <■■. 1 1 Lin-' will, li'-,'l vmrhp ■i'n I'm- Lllli ti«fi«r*l 
l.^n mrnihinii m*- tli**- lh<- IlYtX bwl fallen PiiUleleriljj nt Williamiparl 
to allan un Id lard h prul that the 'hrJdfiS a( Fpfhiifl Water hail br«i H- 
jipirM, aTVt <haL b* wmtLd EhpL tiijfhl r*eft>»» lor titer *itli hit entire 
artriy. I nt^H**** 1 ^ a* a raitler of Hii'f tiDipnD* and Lo avoid confusion, 
thai il inipl b'L be- b*H*r (" [itna the lxajn.1 arv-r lhal nif hi, wLlfa evr-TTEhinjj; 
■04 pawnlfal to wattle, ahd l*i bji iro&Jd T+Ruda I'd p*M(l*n until lb* 
uLfbt <*f tb* I4*h ■ thai if Ibe i**l r-! hi* linn *«■ ■• itronj a* mine we 
Ctuakl tuailj- repulte ut allao-k that mi ^Ut b+ madr r and thru reomr 
•Mi* at ib* ui i*ua<- beat by lb* aw M Bu jfl nar* u O'Iii^ij, *ft*» 
we Liiwml lb* Pfllomac we rood fosrxl lhal fh- F-rdenh **re I^rth&H 
aloruT the mwm\ *l*lt nf -be Blue Rzdg* with Ehe pyrpcte of culling off dot 
reEHftt Id Rie-hnionu. Oenerat L*a again **M pi J riirja forwifd V pw 
vent Ihh rlfiirl an the pprt of Grnert] Mepdr, and w» ■y«re»J+d, in etVaf- 
iuH Llm ttkj, and tiaMlng it open for Eln< Tlilid cvtfm lhal foliated u*. 
Gentnik Ewnll, 1h>w*v*n w*» <ut ofT, and wa»«bMj|H 1« jhua rht m^^n' 
laLnx rurillpT "iJMlb- Thr- PLrtt <of|M n-n<-|n-i| l.'id[n-|irr CtfUrihouafl hHI 

IbaiHih, 

I ii i In- i,. i.-i ..-' Aiiuu-. -.- : i"i. ■.» !..:■• k i.,- iil.-i.. I ■ : , i| i I -i ! i-.il.i l 
I'iniHril Lrc'« «(l<ciitti>n to ibe HMidilion *if our hITiiiit in the tt'fil, anil 
lkir tar»v; r *** tlkn1 *** betP j E»a4a hjf tha uoiy undi-r 1i#-pi#-i*I Rom^fuiii, 
In culli|«(t a ii- nr line ihnH^b ibf fSAU* «f 0**rf «* L and rUgg**U»g lhal- 
a ■.-urc^wfo! Btitch, Mich aa be bad »lartad Mi weald again bu*rf the 
kfti WHjntrr. iinl lkt"i*a ibal w/u Am* tlw wtf uwftd hf »Cp- 
' mr. 1 PBfpnl«d ibu faa *h«ybd amUiat* ir> faj* drfrfiKTe Utlist 
upo*) lb* Rap*daa r and nirjlbm fma» hi* iiraf Iba anxj \jiog in front 1 
of Ho*rrr*nl — h> I hat El mold cmih lhal army- ind Ibtn pu»b dd to tba 
Wail, fir tr* m ni I -HfUcfc with tbaaa ritwa, bit *** a* muu-h o^poatd (4 
•liiv.i|iii|i hi* arm j ai bo WW in ifc* pprilta f It'll I *r»t- *tKtgWl*d lr. He 
m*M down lo RlfliEB»tnJ to «"nj* fuf -mil Lit nffrmiva etfflpsljn 
during 1h* fall., While Ehere D«ffirpil IrlWr^ |ia»r<l bTlWr*n Ltn, ont> two 
of will li 1 1 1 IibVg |jEMM+FV*d in ccniuictrd ftirm, Tlin- remit dF Ehii«rrea< 
jirnnduro?' wp»i howtte*-, Elml I «H PdnE wild Iwc diTtplflni — Tfood'i and 
HqI^wi'— to wLnfflTefl Dur annjr ihr-h Lfl OMMrgla. Tho THtilt «f (hi* 
il wip Eh-e dcf**l of Boaccraai at Chirk pmpijjni, i»hpo Ihe laal 
' |ba Confrdrracj eSJiifrf with lht f*Hi»F« of our army to prouy ' 



QtUiti of LeJi Dtftal Hi Getifftbtrrg. 83 

taUt th« *d.Timl*(pj £M5H>d by ?h\* dr.ii-Mi. Tho !ntt«r* *r& appended 
hrrortitlL: 

toopro 

"Kicu:mokii| A-upui Sl h 1KJ. 

"GiSififcAL: 1 h*t* wtslitfd fist sfivc-ml djtfi pftH Lorelurh toibc B.fmjr, 
but have been drained by tlia President, He will no+ linen to my prop- 
Otllion to I-tjivo lo mifirrflTV. 

" 9 hope- you tvLLL mc ctctj d-xctEidp to prapnrc- the-mrnf lorirtfimMFL'- 
fljwntiuni, ihh.1 ini|i*Dve []l& condition af men *nd inim»K I C*n flee 
n<Dt\uv£ better to bi done th-nn to endeavor tob'ing Gfln*r»l Mpadnout, 
und UW our nffnrlji tacruih hi* rirmy whila in tlin present condition. 

'►TJlp. (juttrUirrnmtcr'B DcpjrtraVul prdatbc t<5 *eodup JjOW biiiltelB of 
corn per dnj h provided tin? tut* CtQ b* unloaded and ri*turnr<t without. 
drUy"i I lv014 TOH fill be ftblo to ^rranar* it *o ihnt I he- curs- will not be 
detained, Wilh thin supply or com, if iL can b& inaintdiuod, the Mlftdi- 
lioti of our animnlb Hhoald iulprOVOi 

" Very re*pe<:ifuLly and truly yaurij 

(Signed) ls R, K. L«, ff«™f," 



iCap^] 

,E Hk*ft4L.-jUktH^ &^nfr# 2, 1 S 63 r 

"GlrflAaL: Your IcMOT of (bo Jl*t in received. I bftv* SStpiusied 1*0 
G'j-n'j in Is Ewell JMld Hill your vrixbej, mi J am. doing nil (latiL C-SH M Uons to 
bo- w«H-ppft[iriT«L with my oiyii cuiiininiiil. Oil r jjjyoiit^L diffl-rfruliy iriUbn 
in pT^pirinp cut h.Tiimd j . 

" I dn/it'L knoiv that wji can KMJKmn.'bly hope- to 4crairip]tih much ^*f* 
by aftVii'iif-0 opcTtiti^n-^unEnsi-wfl arc ilrdnc; rnOugh lo croi-i the FotfifOfW. 
If WO ftdwancfltp mnt lha enrmv 00 ibli #|dy> lie will in all prabnoiiily 
go- iiHu on*i of Jsij ranjt/ ftolified poutiona, TJidbo wn cannot oBorJ to 
ntttuik. 

"I know hul little of th*i cfindilion bt our affiJn- in (lie Wm1, bnc *m 
Inclined to tho QpLnion Ihalour be«t opportunity for crenb neaulL*ii Ln 
TgitDfjdKih. If wc oauld bold ih« <tof*u*iiQ hann with two cot^h hni «frni 
(.be olbtr (# Op*mL* in 'fcVfiriL'si^i with tliat iinny, I (llbk Lli*t W« conbi 
AfOOOnfi]hl^ll tKW-rrt 1bn.n tijr nn hdvnTicb Froiift IiOTl". 

"'Thl* fnniny nccrai to Iutc wttted (Lflwn upon, the nlnri of hoyingc&r* 
tun. poinEi by foHif^trtg H-lb ■! (tof^ndiiif. Trhilo ho conoUntihiL^v upon 
dlbcn. It. aWIIlt to HIO that tbii raail Hioceed, iinl*M W* floncntitTfito 
oaffrohw and at (Tin. n*cnn titnc raako ott*H;^lL*l thow fll" fcjtiv* npomtLoiic 
*l allpuiiitt. 

" I kiioiT oF no &\h&t- IVlM,n* of »itfinfj upoii Ihnt prinoLplt at prcWJIK, 
^XijhjH iv ik'[K!i5d uiaQFi 3UT ftiititictitLoTn in Virgin i*. Mid oori^nt»tn 
witli on-9 florp* of thm *rmy nndl auoh itp i\iMf bo drawn from othcra in 
Tonncuni iiiul dctlroy ftraeOrani'* *rnvy. 

"I fool h«UJr*d tiM Lhip ia iHftusticJibla, find LhntfirHWr sd^ntngw will 
06 (!'MHi.id l \ktin by any opnralian-i Fro id Imn. 

U I rcraiiii, Qcncnl, Tcry fe*p*C(.ftLlly, 

" Your oHfldicnL dc-rvartl] 
l-Signcd) ZaHE* LnoiofT«iirj Llcui.-Gtc**-al. 

" (itntrai R, E. Lie, tUwnan.^i'tj.^c." 



S4 S&Kihtrn H.i-thri<&l Society Papers. 

U milt bo nciiic*ri hy ihot* whn-h-irfl washed the do*ultory *4Ti!rov*n)F 
mkiii tfnKltd |i|XM1 (Mr- eulJKtp UtAl ■fttft 1 hud |iT4vcd Elm fnllncy at Gen- 
PfrlsdjVtfln'* and G^ncnl EwJy'* :<1«* of ft SUWri** ftUacli, I bey tall Wk 
open th* tliacjj.^ ibbt ] delayed tiringing my trc-n]K« in In nction, waiving 
nil <nj£»LL4n *f nil -aider frenn t! eneral Led t Itnvc- ahrmji Lli.il ] did not, 
prceivp ■Tdrrx From General [.ee. Co ntiack until nbgut I] o'clffljk 1511 tlifi 
£d f tlihl ] ariintCi:! i*-t*tv tn-pm my disjHWttion* for AUntk i C It nt 1 wailed 
about Fortf la'ih'idle* fibt LiWft' btigHuc, by General Lee's jrae-alinc; author* 
[(^5 Lhat It} 1 cieucciat ordcT* from Ctihtj? Ler^ my jvjrps miK:h>!t iiil-0 
pwHiori by *. cJien ilc-u* TouJe, undrs th* diweiion and conduct of Cal. 
J*]!!!**" 4F hi* t'.ttt *»f cncjnenra; tliit Olnnel Jahnwit'A 4!fdrrS M-ir- 14 
keep the m*rcll of tlio IPWfU- COJUWA-ltd, Arid that I hurried Jload 7 *- diTU- 
LDn Forirnrd in I lie fAMS of Lhe?«" order*, tli rowing tlieni tnlo |ijL( hy * 
darMt TTtreh, #nd hrenkinc- up tho rj*l*y ow.iakin^d hy llifcarderfi of Gen., 
Let I nrffrd only *d<t that *Y«y IiiO**rii*hL of lull of Iho fn>npa an lhat 
d.*y wai- made in tlie immediate- presence- of He-ar-ial Lf*>, or in ]iii- h^IlC — 
«e*<4r»ly wilhin rcne.b of hi* easy and prota-ril WTKCilon. 1 CjiLole- in tki in 
connectl-Oii feSi-0 *rdet" that I r-«afi^d to (he lLL L m)r <if department in nqy 
flOTp* fli the. Int. I prejc-ut- [he Drdirr JMurd 1m IVilrMio) W^-l U>l; iff [lie 
AT(ill*Ty F «trailar rad*™ rmvinjj b«n i*mod U} thfl dlvidon S4hiinanden : 

fOrtter,] ' ■ UiAi^L-A *rs*>- ViKrw Aaair Cuin, 

"SMI (rlTTlfr-lUJSC, Juty ISj 5tS0 P. M, 
'"Colowill Th«C4minAniJili^0^hrrJd d*»in's ymitc Dmwi^i an to-maht-M 
firL U >«U tHTt vithovt (litLi^^mg your mm Or ttnLmat?. Kiil tnd IvvuLL 
fe&ye iji*rpl>" fln|;nj;«l rhfi Minmy und ypil wj]3 l» rtfi«t*d for fanumwrn'* 
baltln. lit us Iitidw wlicie voii wil] KtD[i Liopi^li!, ■ - * * * * 

"JtHpntruLly, 

"G. Sf. Sossir.U A. A. Qenirat. 

I 0fF*r *3«fl R rppfff l mndft by PmwirJ ifflOil lOUtliihg tliii mruch. Ha 
uyi: 

"TV||i](: lying in <jLmp near Cii»inbrr*-liiirg i nfattVMlan WU frftta**d 
tltn.1 IILI1 And Eire]] wen! abtiacE 14 come into ™rit*rt wHh IflC *n*iuy 
iLrflrGot^ibilfg. My t^rtop*, l*J^LriOr wiLb Mcljtws r diiHfion, v*n ftt 
dow jni1 m moJion wn ih* nnjsit dlrtct hMd to th*L point, which wa 
rea*li*<t MflCT n hunt -march at cr before uunTh* 411 July [ha- UkL S4 
pmfrrttiipc bod brrn our oidirw Ic hjisE^n farvmrd with all podljblo p.fHjfr.1 
tb>t dd the Wthili fiiy 1hWp^ Wflf* «IIc»ivch| to hutt nnd rrjLt finly ibntii 

ivra houi^ during i\tf nL^Jit, rpom tlm 1*1 1* Ibr 2d of July.'" 

U *p|«4™ !g mc lUal thu pinLtnmiMi who mods tll-0 *twJV*aTi*hiloricd 
cnarBW ft^fiili? 1 ! BW riivj). cbi?iftn th^ i*TOrag poihtftf AlEoch. H'ilh lh*ir 
mc-1iv« J tiKvc iKi-I-Iiiiiv 14-d^i but- I cannot- brlp luggFHtin^ Ihnt If they 
hud flhurjicd me vritb h»vii^ prccipiljlcd tlic- hiltEn- iiulflad of hnTLDK 

* E md InJi M id 44 Wf il Whiten fm » ww nf cMi *rt*r- 



Causes &f IrffV Defeat ai &%«&Hr$ 85 

del*y^d il, the rcpordi tnuftil. haYe- Hiitain*d thorn in that rny ultack tk 
Uadti about four hoi»» befa™ General Ew*lTfc 1 am. T*»:iftjd6d Lb thlfl 
rarnoctiDD uf wlml * Federal effl^f , whi» was engaged in 111 it batllo, 
Miiii to Qin whan we. were (alb ine- OVer (h-fl bftltlo and llm roHqrount* it 
had [)i^-(ik*d L He **id; H "I canne! imagine lunar Ibejf tftil cbiWfffi yon 
w:lh bring l*(e in your Jtttnek, M yOK wjihi the only oud that £ftl ld at 
all, I do not think (heir charce Will Ej* credited," 

In oonditrion I iwiay say ibat it is unfar lunate chat the dlooHMion of nil 
mooted pain In concerning the, b*itle hh not (ijwnicd before (lie death of 
GentnE L». A word or iwc frerfn litcn would hftV* s^HSm* all paint* at 
lfl-!'iL( u . Aa U 1?, 1 hnvo written An impartial nnrrative. of the fa^U M- they 
axt^ -rtJlt tuch -COramflriU ft* tbn nature of tbo uh teemed (* detfLhtid, 

The. io\ lowing appeared in toe uitiC i*stie of the Tima which 
eaiilaiiLfrJ Gooeril L on gal root's papfr: 

Some AddEllons t* fi^oCrtl l^rij^LtNl^ Article, frioN elsewhere. 

After the pfigee «5H(*itli(lg General LongntrecfE arLklb on thij Geli/a- 
burg campaign hut Ej4*n pterWl^pfcd, twe* yihrn£caphi were received from 
hi(n which bo desired la bare added *a foot noto* to the text. A* it *ii 
LmrnjJuJblD to insert (hem in llieir proj>*C plw», they its given here. Tho 
fin-t L* ii note to tTkA passage which treftl* of LonjpipMi'a argument! with 
hw against making thtf attack on tbe rooming of the Ud : 

Kcw ihat the war ie *vesr h arid, we hs.vo the privilege of review iug the 
undue L cf kjOlh J.ril'1 ir% wa fin se* marc, clearly what "nOithl ](.fcVrtiM>cii 
ibt! BrAtil *f tills propfjsfid iDOVTmn-nt nrouud ibe F^ddP^L lo-fL on Lhii 
afb«rt10«n a? tJm 1st. General M*adt» L0)i>^':i|jhcd to flc-ncTiiL lln])<SAk In 
ciphcrjuNt bstare ruf Lmtlk-Oll (tio adi "If not Utiuikvd, nnd 1 WT5 (ffft 
»nv pnwiliTu LB(oriB4tMHl flf th*i [MMition of (he ^n«niy wl^ch witL juitkfy 
tut btl d*in j «i, E wilL nt4*ck. If 1 fdnd st bMJLTdfiui la da w^ und iifl 
t*ti*ft«d that tht fn*rt^ it dndaaVOrina to mimf to nty T*ir and lfttSi-pQM 
fac'Lvrccii hlii niiJ Wi'itKliinjiidri, J *hnll fell back on nlv isii[i}?-]i^ *t n-Olt- 
Bnfl«t*X,'" [f, tSrfrefciv, w« bad drairiL (WHJIlllllg Uf> on 1h* niflht tyi thfl 
let and undo ii cai«!rnLca(*tjl auiin'o 4lt (In) Warning Oi (.ho 3d by auf 
right fliiiikjja D9 to latee lb* EmRlfl^buro rood, wo ihauLd cil^LAf haV* 
been at(dc-k«l ttf we should luiirc disLiid|fftU Gciil'jiiI J'U'itli; fretft hi* (KMt- 
lion, Th6 attack «« <"" bEL tbinfi Efaat whiuli W* in^t dotlHd »nd had 
Iftbflr^d for. If, inn¥CTcr h M* hatl dietwlfii^t hi ID ffonfi hii po»itLan vfith- 
flut hi* darinjf lo ilriko a Itlow f*T hi* flwn s(hi]— which ii inOtL ptoh*bte, 
if iHM cfirEaia— Lli*j dl-M*1 effflc-t (ipmi hii Hrmjf wmild lirtve bd*P. appil- 
li«g. Tho fjfnnd^t f ■■■ :•- 1 (hut a fiMicral can hftpil to jiorfflrm ii to wilt m. 
vietiwjr without htrikinc; a bLaiF. 

Tho unit is a rurflaTk which thould 1» added Lo tbo Iftahlliw fit tht 
point where U-cncrrJ Langitaeat nrpie* agtLPipt *Jolonf L Taylor'!! amimp- 
l:an ( bat ]m ihcuLtl hiivs* *d¥an«ul IEckmI'd and. HcLavre 1 4nV(mcidi tci tliu 
attack ojinnod. by Pielreit, on the. M ; 



£6 SeMhtfft BiitotiMii Smtty Faptrs. 

A rrruitFif cyTthp l-fstinumy Ll-Totc Ehn wunmiltN on Did conduct of 
the war IjiiUjo -1flS) will ihmr 1bnl ij ■iiu'tr] lli'iiitL 1 full}- anticipated nly 
attack 41? (lie 3d h and wa* dfrUTfifii tlftd, if we IKWWed OUT- arJily In ft (UffrCt- 
ttriuMrt of Assault, i*&t1*fli im|*m flio- flu^k^ and. dMtroy it. H-o bold 
Gi-jiiTu] IJiinrfHit: upon the- ripening oftbfi Ikl that iriYC attached him ''ho 
wi.iyU ibrmr thr Fifth and .Sixth Cuius niton the &ni L .mj~a flank. 1 ' Thii 
doeiriuiiiatiob *ttn tli^Hri*<i U llio in^nlon <rf HckkPb and McLaws' 
divbiiftpg, wbieh w*r* in tine of Tui'to W<we him. If 1 li*d i*w-<xi tlmrn 
into L]h: caLumn <if juuauLL ]«t by I'ickfLt, an It u obxuirdly juuLDicd by 
CbldneL TayLar I waa cjc|iecU?J Id dc, tliu two threatening carp* wcnta 
fra-Yfc $w*p* down ujwii <nur moving Sank, v*ilb tIisc- etlteui- *uy iuiHiwry 
CJJHl «MI mily dirine. 

The- letter IVom fi^ni'Tn] [..onfjj-Lrtot. which ancomponi^; thf-ae en. 
cJqmi™, dwIU jmrtwubwly upon * point wlikh ho vrlih*» to have h» 
rend?T* t*bd6Sl»Bft **lh* jiiTi'.ifii-jtiOno! Li* pro^oni njirative. Itsrtlilt 
while OontTiL Luo- on Llm batik. h>'d o.v;uidmj n]3 the riiaiionsibility far 
Ihc result, lifi afterward published a r*rK)rt that elifif6T* from the Tepwl 
ho mtdr Hi tin? tim-c while tinder thai gonswuf. tpkit. Gcntra! l^ng- 
kC r-.'-i.'E and othur ofliuen* btxdc Ibeir official rcporLi upon th-n battle 
■h Drily after Ltpi occurrence'., and whil* thity wc-ro i.ni|ir*wed with G*nQr»| 
l^fl"* iwWo *W*TD]SthHi <xf a|| the hliulfri but Gent-nil Liw Imriiig miicu 
Written, n duladtsu 1 and Hcoara-bBE critical account at lb« batttc— and lh<s 
ipemint Frajti which G^m;rji] Lnngftrret'i critic* g*L nil their points 
Igakntt lli-QT — LfrftjgSlpMt fecit liilnnelf justified In diacaiwmg (111- LfiLlle 
upon i1a luerilK, It In In recognition of hli «oldLrj[y m<jdv-Aty lhat the 
SUhjl*.rifrO of llhvlutHiJ tigjlYctJ her*; lhn article ti Lta own luflEcient juv 
ItnHtcun. 



Qriuvj of Lee's Defeat at Oitt^Aw^ tff 

Oir Grttr**«rr Sri**, 

Thff arigit $A tb" vrnw. ft( psj*pr« on OnyilKurg wbirb tb 
bar* nuTdiNhrd hEuc* Ahjtum la»i. wu the fallowing teller- &f 
CTirjuirj,' urlikb w« h#TO recent It reet'ir-od |i*rnnl*«irjn from Eta dis- 

ffltffliip-lmiJ nHthOf to |HLb]i*V Wo mhi( pcrinv f lVL'ni ylUn: 4;ripct?H nf 

thi* lc!(ur In k'adinjj Confederate* who iMLfiEplnated in liio bnttta 
add wvm in |w>:ill,iH>i3 [o know iH inntd-D history, *e1*ir;llnjrrH|'rL-jjen- 
talEvci of apery turpi and divkioi of our tinny, ami of fl^ery arm 
u[ ilit> MirvLL'f. The replica rewind n« lortf-nnJfi.L ir> th-e -Count 
«l Pnri", and bare published In our paper* withmit nol* or ron- 
ntrnt afuor o»a. 

H**iil« that* w* hare ptibti«bed At different [imi*» Jftf "flkial 
report* of Umm«(i ft, E. Lm, LonjplreM, A. I 1 . Kill, J-iR, 
Slkarl, IMn, It II. Ai^mw, Bri^a-J * r tJrneraJ J. B_ ShAuriaam, 
Colunrl W W. Whale, cOmfnandtnij Ander*on'ii brigade Brigadifr- 
Cletirral II. 1#. ftrtmag, Erty^dierfirf ertl J, B, Herahaw, Colonel 
B. P, Alr-KiTidflr, and J}ri*adier-<ren prnl J. H- l^mh*- 

The wpart* of CL-neralii Early, ahd Vivn-W bad lifcn proTionily 
publish nd in the Jifuffttrn MagmiM. and (In 1 rujmiE nl (i«m&rat W. 
W. I\nnJI*ton t Ohl«J of Artillery, Army JUthi'm Virginia, wbinh 
V ti^wJctl out af ilita itunilwsf, will lw nudlJ'iltM.I rn.Tnaiter- 

Tbese letter* and official reports aai| lb" *»tb«r paper* wtleb 
we haw pitblhbed h»Tt rande »»rpi-c» which batoirited wide ia- 

irrnl and aEEanlion, Add. Called forth Warm <upr«*M3in aa to their 
Talat and Imnorlaarr. 

Tb* Coaot d4 Parol aar*, Eb a recent ltll#r ranceming those 
11 E cannot may bo«r mlnablf. how ip|cr«iiJii lor one who 
i to iv»cb the Irnlh. [LfH leilera am. A* lal- at Opinio!]* go 
lacy du hqi plwaja »*fe« r iind evea wb*re Et it *o. one may take a 
view diflVreiil iron tbo» expressed by lb» TriUfni,, l»ut ibey gi^e h 
wild a iarje nmnhrr tfi niitr-nfswn fact*, a ip*k»c LuL«rrrttni' iusijfbt 
■■iC4n ihni way In utkiith tbc eamnai^n, and ei]n»iallr tbe battle of 
CU'Hyjiliiir^ wait muna^cd by Cfonur«1 Leu niid !«« mibordinata*." 

tt will lie uen in tbo Lirlter from cmr rrUmd Major Sctujibflrt^ of 
till* E'nLpuiliih EoVaI Eagin^^nt, vrhtati *HJ habllab lulow, that b« 
ri'mani* lliu*e papan a» ol tbe very ht^b«it Intenut and vatac- 

Vi',- liavi." ilnjuj'lii prtptt to fi^efijt (bow rpmarLti to- th* tetter 
whuh LTijijuiiicJ tbe-aMfric*, whitb wa aow ^i'* Ea fait m tollow»: 



S8 Souther ti Itivtoriatl Society ttp/rS. 

Inciter ftoii the C*i"it of Tttlx. 

Sevh.ia, January 2\tt, 1BTT. 

R(v. J. Wm, Jones, D. If., 

SevrctGTff Aosfflam JfteterfoJ 5Sm^ r 

I>EiiR Sib: 1 am writing the aMowil at the battle *f Gelly*- 
I'lit^,. in id h:.:>hhkIlt tlmi chapter aft the moal important, the most 
difficult to writs of t bo whole work which I hn*e undertaken, I 
Hhftrfl the opinion of <ho*0 wb* lliLflk iliut the Obfederuto club* 
Tift mot a lo*t cause Jrom the beginning; that it may hn?e li--i n 
successful ; and therefore I seek with grvnt caro lo Sod out wiiy it 
did, h.el gutjee^!- Tlit h*tlfe of Gettysburg, coupled wi tb tbe sur- 
render of. Vitkahurg and Port Hudson, Tb, in that rmpect, tbe turn- 
ing point of the war, 

Tbe Attny of Northern Virginia, when it invaded the 'Northern 
States was more- powerful than it bad over been b$f"0rC- Tba 
ianuo of the iaraaiob war disastrous for the Confederate caimo. 
This is a mere fact wbieb neither a Southerner nor n ^orthtsmQr 
ca.t\ diftpnt*. Therefore, I tuLis-t show tba causes of tbia di?o.Hior 
without any disparagement for the army or its !e*rfcr h just an. I 
primed out lltK eabs^fl of tbe ill *neiinfwis of MtClellab and Burn- 
side, and shall do the same for llooker. 

At present, as far as my stud w* of thiH period go, my opinion 
On the question \r thi*: The misUiltes "hieh brought «pnu ibe 
Coufede rjitu ni-na l I jl- rvpuU.' at (iuttyuburg with its fatal conae* 
quenccs. tv ere the following: 

1M. It was a mistake to invndo tbe Northern Slate? at all. 
hecaufle St mitred up their military spirit- The heat fch^nebof tba 
Confederacy whs luo pecuniary exhaustion of tbe Norlh, and doI 
the * Jibabatiqrt of ita reftfui r«H I n men, T \%V i rivjrti C*i wW- the dfnlh - 
blow to what has been called tbe Copperhead party, [l called 
under arms ihnn^undH- of men who wvuld. iiu-tec hove- tnrolkd 
Otbervfifle, and who became, experienced aoldiera in 'Si, and, more- 
OTer, it diminished lor ono or two yean the renting power* of 
tbe Confederate army. 

M- If the- inviLfliou vfoit to h« uiide-rlakon, only raiding parties 
should have boeo sent until tho Army of the PotvmSe .sbodld 
hare been defeated. It wu » grenl. tpiutahe to bring her on tbo 



Northern RO.il h where ihfcy fongbt ten times better than in Vir- 
gjaia. A real invasion, viz: iho establish hinnt g| the Confederate 
army ■■> Pennsylvania, wjtb its communication a wiiLL Mc*Mircd H ^iw 
An im fmsw bi ti ty u lonji; us the rYdoral army wax not cniBbcd. Tbo 

pfOCif :i^ lliJtt [ifl mion usj ibo IllttOr be^iHi lQ mOVfc, Let, n'h(> hjvtl 

undertaken nothing bill a. rpid gn a too large scale, found himself 

40 ran L-h ttndengcrcd lb at bo was obliged to figbt mi offensive "::ai- 
tie on the ground where Mctide cboBe to wait for him. He oojjbt 
to have manoeu\ r ered in Virginia an an tg bring mi n buttle befon) 
eroding tbe Potomac. 

Erd. Tbe way in whicb ibc fl^bls *>f (he 2nd of Jul}- wcrodirM- 
led doea not h1*ow tbe Bmrna Hio-nr Jin n,t i i:ti which ehaurcd tlie sae- 
ce** nj (.fen? Southern arma at- GainuM 1 Mill and Cbain^lloi^^illc, 

4lb. 1 da licit unilfjfeLanijj why T. <;■■■, bavin tr KiiiiifiJ ^■^ruv tuieeeftfl 
od Iho 2nd, but found the Federal position very strong, <iid not 
n(.[*Ttipt ^ ^ rn ii by ihQ floqt"hi f wbi(ib was it* weak plae*, by 
extending Lis rtgbt no a.i to en danger Meade^ communications with 
Wubrogtoa. 

Mb. Tbo heroic but foolinb attack oE Pickett, on the 3rd,, should 
i.i-Vi-r buve bven rL[Lem|iii;il. Iffli M t rttt ji t frc-crag I*) think tlmi it 
w** imposed npon birn against bin will by Leo. tleti^ral liariy 
fcaysdislinctSy, in a paper published by tbo feouibern. Kiilnrienl 
Society, tbal honjratrcei deferred it w long Unit ihe Second corps 
could not cooperate with it as Et would bare done if ihe attack 
bad mken. place lidrly in tbo morning. 3 bwilalc Wty raueb 
between these two om'nEonji. 

] put Ihetc n,ti«itionw to yon in a lellor which I wifch yCHi t* 
keep private, ai leafd, itut to publish; heeause, in my sincere desire 
lo jndgc fairly tbe Co-nlcdurftte army> you may belp me by put- 
ting lilt: Hflirte qjuRtiDiia lit innii\f uf i be Cnnfi'ilfinnlui li:niJ*jTji wLf) 
are aiill aliTC. and with whom you are in torieapoiidemeeL Tbo 
Opinign o/GcTtentt BiTly, iou wbfuu 1 bavotbe greatest cun^idcr*- 
uoa a^ a aoldier, weuld be eajiMially valuable in nt, Of WWW 
I do jipI pledge inyecll lo accept wholly any one's opinion, but it 
would be of the grualual inLjM>niirn:Li Enr inn tO Itnftw vfb&l fu:i- 
fcdfriLte fjfflccr'i think unw rtf the cuui^ij vf tboir rfr[nlLn6 JLt Get' 
tjaburg". 

Believe tng, nlijar *ir, yo«T" lntly h 

L, P. n'Oa^iA^fl, Comic dt. Faris. 

[Addrefifl: Cbatauu il'Kii Scino-lnforion-Bej France,] 



9Q Southern Hisi^rml Saew/j PaperSr 



Letter from SaJ. Sflit Ibcrt, of th* rnsslaji ButjI EfipjinM-r*, 

[ AS tba Opinum of n duli.npuiF.licd fcrrifjncT wlu» wiinMscd 1lio bsMlc- 
of ijfiltTj-bupjj nnd Ilm mniijffj.L4id tlio tLvrLkxt i iktf-rr-^L In Iho d.iju»L4*ion 
Gfjpafning iMbe following l*ft<*r wj]| ]ip,rs *ti interest for fd.J dHoiflr 
tw^gr? tut Pm-iIigog who kn*w tin? jpdhm FNH*i*n, nmd aj^rM-i-ited 
bin warm j-yinparliy far our uSiTJirgllng jHMypk', It tp iLL hart a ]5trirlJlr 
intftrcil.] 

SnTTTtiARTj Slrf J^P. P T7. 

Jfa i\ J. \\ m . J oses, 

J)EAh$lH: You irill, pcrhnpg, be (.ui-jji-jftoti tbai u foreigner 
should dc.il fa la irtiiijflc in the dlscusa-iou of tlid battle oi Gettya* 

burjf; Lul I lifitfo Stunt? rL'imuii* vtfbiuh urjft inp CO ffivo ycjll rajf 
opinion about that affair. 1. I was an impartial obaorver; 2. I nu, 
no fat-pfL I know, lIh) only jt\Hn *m Ibu ^on thorn sido who could 
»w e-vcrjrtliiri;* ijoiiii; on in that bal(L<?, Laving tLbmbMl Lgt6 tb-o- 

lop Of a VL-rJ,- L-lI I trets iiL-ulf G t>tt>'shu rg, ttbioU <>t-i.'rhj[jVod w\i (bO 
woody country, I bad: no- good 1 view tbat Goti'L Leo blntaalf 
Oame op Lo t lie tree, twice to auk abouL Lbo jiosltiorii uilJ mora*, 
lueiibs of the. euuniy* 

It wan Lbe B*rno troe upon whfoh Col. Frecunantii u&L {so* Gun 1 ] 
Uood'^lfltler) uniil th# opening o( Lbo tattta, wlum (Jonging to 
iwo a light, which ho bad narcr anon befbr*,) ]ih left- his portion, 

Tbrj £|UnjsjiLviifl of tin' Kiigliidi jtutbor, wuosw name J do not know, 

li>ftJ rt'LL? LO ri.il|hpuHu lUal oitb«F hi is iiul a Rflldkr Or bn* ituV J Bi" 
alodied the war, ati-d thoy remind me of the queationfl oakod by 
Ibis t"ninH,ju>j "Coinmillco on llus Conductor Lbo War," which made 
tie oftk-ora oF our array amil*., 

Hji tin.- n:M:ik nf ihorti: jii!i.r (iiii!s;iinii! i* a ep1ondi.tL, mb, mili- 
tary burvH'Bt, which will moat daupLy interest fivery Eitrupoaii 
:.<,|.i;i-r. 

I OliSiuGI- finiCJilbcr. HOtwlth;j(iiridijig iny lmli-iiuM hIu«:i.-h in msli- 
iary history, ono cns& wboro the bifltorp of a bnlLlo baa been no 

flilly illii Ktrutod and ilk ruin iLtud l>y (iLilivldiulL i-oj'iOrtA gil'Ob by all 

of tbc prominent 'oniileiis — not immciliateLy aitor the batttu, wJiacv 
porflOTpnl imprtHioinfl *th cor n iUtn g, but aitor a lapse of tn^rt tbdift. 
Itn j'eni-n. wJiiin lirtlfi |Ltii2 ijiiLLui-L-d judgnirtiL ba^t ripened tad 



Grwch of Lw's Dtfwt si Gftiythitrg. 91 

fresh elfel^h Into a tplrndid pirtH™. Tito rcs«tl is bo inrpn!wi*4 
(bat IP 1 war* nroteflfar of military science, I would ebftOM. the 
battle of y<!tty share; for th<? NprcinJ study of my student*, My 
naniOnp] tinpKflflioihA- abrtLtl the poor result of I bu buttle of Gvttja- 
barfl have- be en exactly expressed by lu-nl llulb, whoa* teller L 
fully frndnrw. BLlt lit, *js well da ihe Ollu-r rfHuj™, han onUted 
one clement wbkh teem* to line tote of the highest i ni [lortanco. 
I TOlsr to Hie individiud (jhun^tvi- of $vn'\ T.u*. I, h*vp in.tute thfl 
military character of this General,, who ben n**er bail an admirer 
of Mui:h lijf-i. r Hjiu f as ntystilf' rtiy pcunliuc* Hiudy., And buvo wrirtesoi a. 
biographical sketch ot birci, which appeared in a German* pajurr. 

tat WJW, in rtly Opinion, one of iIll- abl&HL teni'tara u: ihis cen- 
tury in two gMtt qualities., lie weighed cvflrj 1 tbi np, oven tbo 
BmtdMt tlift^ll, in nmklitg Ids gunei-jd plan oJ baule, and be made 
the holdout disposition* with heroic courage and Lb e moat atub- 
boi-i) energy. He gave to every link the right place in lho con- 
6trut! i-oii of a chain which bwamt » mftwlerpU'-eo of ifd-ltiary 
work ntBHshcp- 

He did not reach hit conclusion^ u Jackson and Stuart dld h by 

H.n infttinCtiv^. Hiiildp-ii impugn:- h:S pibinS did isflt COiilm up; -n :: : rn 

like toe lightning's flash fallowed by tbe thunder's crash : but ho 
painfully pud tftudlinndy labored in older to arrange tbii^e splen- 
did dispositions fraught With th.0 kegnest and mont hurdy pnter- 
prloeuu and well worthy of the troopa which were ordered to 
execute them. 

i. Iltiu ijlI Lea, In speaking lo ino of bis diBpositions., said; ''Cap- 
tain, I do every Lhing in ray ixswm- m make my plans iuj ptrfout 
aa possible, nud [H5 Inriiijij- lltu iHiflps upon the field of battle; tbe 
rust must ho done by nay generals and their Iroopn, trusting to 
Provldfchea fiyr llin victory." 

Tbu& be would Mutte^ifully oppose imitieimw odd&, ai the roault 
of hie llibrfMt^h pr-ej^iLritlicui, su b'lipj Qf- lit v,|LS rtlitiululy udvpned 
of iht wherouboulB, ulronglh, aud LnLeniioaB of the enemy. "The 
eyes" by wbk-li ho saw tbcao thinppij as my friend Colonel Taylor 
juRiSy obscrvci. waa hi& eavatrj', and without these be waa gMp^ 
ing uns&felj' in [b^dnrH night. 

But In nil IhC'fld eases Geuatal Jucli^tm ^hn bwt bis MpegiRt iti- 
formation e(>ii]>li:d with bit natural instincts, hia sudrisn impulses, 
and biH peculiar ideaft,^ eamv or wh ordered to headquartcra to 



92 Sffttikern Historical &>titty P&yen. 

give hih- [Mjr^ynil opinions lo the Commanding-General, *rbo linked 
tbe. genial thoughts of Ja-tkson to bis own beautiful chain: *. g. t 
bflfore tba bftldrt of Cbnneellarst'jlle t-besei fbinoun lender* met on 
o. hill nrar the ALdrich bouae to malum those ptans wbieb resulted 
in tbe unequalled, battle!* nf the WildeTneHS nnd CJLnneelluHteilte.. 
Each ^r these jjeneYaLs waa the supplement to tbe others juntas 
3d tha miftaSly, itffJj m*u find Prt'fc *ru ne&easwrjr to keap up tba 
hoHofaold. 

IYIivii Jackson fellj Leu,, aa ho himBelE"said f loat hie right arm h tbo 
army lost tb«j mother, an J thits iliu vn'id ivlileh bad Ltioo made- was 
too groat lc be bo soon cussed, the wound which the army re- 
ceived loo decp-ts be healed in four weeks, Thns the earefully- 
plsnntnjf general eneotint*ted Ibis iuitfiiL odds at Gettysburg 
without hie faithful mirror, the eaMJry, and without bEo ready 

councilor, Gdiifc-rnL .Ilii'Ii^m.. IK- i:::i^:L2 felt tbift grt&l lfc$a ikL 
Ta^k-Jug bis dispositions. He Colt uneasy , aa Hood justly remarks. 
All who jaw bim (ji ihew fo ereawiens, CbnnflelloT^iHo and 
Qetiy^lnir^, will remiem bor thud Lee at Chancellerai'iHo (inhere I 
bad tba bo nor of being ut JkL^ akb in tho brunt of the at-ruggla), 
waa full of calm, quiet, self 'pojaefsioo, feeling that ho bad done 
hift duty 14 the utmost, and bad brought tbo army into lbs iue*t 
favorable position to dafeai this koHtilu boat. In tba days at Ge^ 
tyHbqpjf this quiet HolE-poise&sed calmnoHd was wanting. Lee was 
not at his eiae h hut vraa riding to nbd fto f frequently obahgirtjr his 
position, making snxiouH enquiries bore and tbvre, and looking 
(»Tv--wnrn. -4 Her the sboek of bnt'-lc was e-Ter bo resumed his 
areustomed calmnewj, for then ho saw dearly and handled the 
army with lliut masterly ability which was peculiar to him. This 
uuefl*incnn during the daya of the baltlo was contagion* to the 
army, ils will appear frdtn the rupuri.-i of Loogatpeei, Hood, Hetb, 
aod others, and aa appeared aluo to me from the peep I had of the 
batllcfield. What a- dpff\,Tcnco Jrom tho eya,t*njfttie udeanee ol Lb* 
army from Ilia Wilderncsa to tbo asaault of tho broastworka at 
ChaaMllorsvilLe, whero a unity ol diapGuilinn and n ftnLLng at 
Ae^urlty relgittMt in nil ttiu tanlta. At Gtttydbarg iber* waa e»n- 
nonading without real ciF*ct. deaultory eflort* witbont eooiLnnei- 
tion, mul la»lly f the wingle otUi«Jt wbicL eloaed the drama, and 
whitib 1, from my outlook in the- top of tbo tree, believed to be 
Only a re&Onnoisaiiee in beftvy fhnce. 



Ckmts af Lev't Defeat af Gettysburg* 93 

Wnntof Wiifidcpru, mt&nppreacniiion^ arrS hubLhIi-c* were the 
conscquencea, less of Smart's, absque* than f>f the aownco of Jack- 
son, Those place- up to tfai* lime bad not beon Slkd. 

Aiter this it was filled by Lee himself, who, like a father wb«i 
the mother *lict, weeks to Gil both her place and IlFh e.v/n m iha 
h<iiLHo. Ha iliMilkkd. hiri, SghiLcig- ^nn,li(.iiiH, K& made tbe nnost judi- 
cious asc of his walry, and the raaalt was splendid, for (.be wini- 
paign of 1ES4 Id the dosing seeae at AppoittnllG^ vrh the moat 
brillinnl whicb Trt<* *^er foaght, 

We European MoIdiei-t= liavc only Ode wish, nnd ihrtl i» thai, lika 
the batik* of IfcfH to 1663 t the la^t- eampai^n may And Southern 
fl«lhtiifl utnJ authorities 10 give special narrative mrul correct de- 
tails oF that famona scries o( batlke, concerning which we are ip 
compiilrntivt ijjnQTAnce. 

The battle oHrettyH.hurj» would have been won by LeV* acti)- 
if EL could hare advanced at any lime a ltd on any part of tha firtd 
to one otmwnhattd <%tvI mmb\iu4 attack oo the enemy's. pd»iLi<m. 
TbJft Ijh ihe impression 1 havei rtwiavnid fmm tuy personal observa- 
tion. And from ihij vuLuhIjLl- ilo; ,'uli of your exceedingly iatareflt- 
ing papers, 

Very respectfully, yOnr obedient servant, 

]. SciimSKRT, 



64 Southern Ilhfaricai Society Payors. 



EDITORIAL PARAGRAPHS. 



Tut Ct£H**LrtS3fO or Oca UiXSBXtt /Oft FeUkl-jiIU nurabcn cmtbln a% :•• 
glTO arLtcEns which li«r ^i^rn already dclnvrd ]onjr,f!i lltn.ii vtaa dr*ir:i,b3o r 
TThilir.-jur HMuJfliu 3o*o nothing b» tb« icbanje, *nd #»in a.t, earlier rw*j^ 
lion of <lio rentut far our Fcbnnry number, 



Ri^vtu j¥i> Niw BmteiOHi *n> iwm in nrdor, and w<? twg our 
frkmU to lrt us lnwc- both a* r*pidljf « |w**iT>l*. If you h*n,f an old 
aubreribrr complaining I bo.t lid hfto n<A rGcftivw] IiIh JsiUKiry nmntwr., 
plfAifi tmk him, iritb our complimcnta, if he luu sent on hi* rypyii-di Jtjf .' 
T\\ dd ihjL sf iic] this ntmalMF to Umbo whoao lime bwoKpfced Jmd from 
irbont l it' him - * not Iiwird | nlid lei tncli Onu of 1 0*tr fricndi try to lend 
li* nl bjrml otuj iiqw v.iliiuf ribnr. 



IIimtjlexj bt Olh PiiNTfc* are nal fre^ucnC, tut anr 3ruL nuTnWr C£>i\- 
tuined jflnid whujh w*in$ ju annexing (q liim aa (o Iho writ*? and tli-6 
editor. En Lho two ]^per& bf {Jonetnl l^tly on [ho E*ieJ& of tiu-L!j-&- 
bui|.' tlirre itctc- n number i»l" error*, [Ins niral Hm^torLnnt of which wn 
orrroi, m* PnJIn-w*; Faun i^J, line l(\ for H round" rond " niftvrd "j pugo 
21&, liner lit, for "thovo" rc*nl <l »toiw"jj ps^t SIS, lino ]l>. Pot J ' Browns* 
bor*'" **<"' H J£<Kin*bnnn"' i p*f S&ft, lino S(h- ^ T L| PV»" ffl>fld 'Sm^'j p*gO 
£59y ILrl^ 4 Thitlli bottom, far "fart*"' before "ilro-ltglf" rtaJ Hl ]«irl"j 
p«£o 572, Jinc 4, Tar " iukM hvrtsL 1 '' hsmI h siMithwOst -" j paje* 213, tinn- IS, 
for- "sr^uwl " hmI "flpwcT'ji page 2SJ a line 4 of no(r, for "Jtrdfci" 
t*nd H Snlftc" i p*go 3SS, lies IS, for '< rooming'" n?od "inning"; \Hiqfi 
291, line SI K for "iAhTS-hllt'" ream ir Mbro-lwH"i pago i?JS F lino ^B f for 
«0™ayV rcml ^QrB^'s"] |ras" ^toh lino I of r*lc r for , ^^^ld !, rend "3raT h 

j::iLi- Sl'll. '..Li-: l fmin l'.::i"hl i:f l:"Li-, :'mI '■; :ll " r,-:nl ■■|H;i-"'; | ■,.;:■■ IT". 

lino lit, tlic date " ]«lb of ^plt'hlbcr'" nbould to tli« H ' ]!Hb of Sepleni. 
heri"' Lhfl rrm: brinj; in iht* mitin.ioripk Thf-re mil nitutbar of Ycrbul 
*Trin>, U the ?«r>»titltCinTi at "in" for L| Qra," nnJ of |J (hr^:" far "thcae." 



Our Ll*f!>A.L BLSir.i,i-r*ji r W. W. CrtRi-on.i,?,-, Hhj.l of Wi^liingloii, hu 
Irlncrd tho Socioly under rfnijwcd otilif^liona bj utnLbor dan«Eion at 



Editorial Jfara$repk$. 95 

tSOfti Of prirtrtlj 1 lilwralLLy, Mr. Cbnooran is ±t tto Mntfe Lime judiciovM in 
hii donations, and k aiMa |o Hi* plMiuf* of ttiU gift [a rYflPJTO it *• ft 
tefcta «r hi* continued intert*t Ln ilia nfork wo ric- doing atid lux confi. 
lii'ntu in (bo iiiimiiuc-mpnt of mir affair*, 



book XrtleeA. 

Tjti ?■■" Ahhj,-fiTt or a Sj.ociJuc-E.r:;Mt, bj Cap I, J, WilhitiSOt),. t,\ S. 
*Jjiry, ^e* Yorlt ; Stldfoli & C* 

We ]in',3 [lie pririloffoof raiding thin took in tha 1[£. nf iK .call* sit 
author, jind Ei»™ r?±d it sjcnen with th$ iiroJi^t inlGTWri in Lbo band' 
Mtfn* fftpjrt in whieli -SlieMon A Oft liftV* lurftilglit it etiL 

Tlic fiTit three chnpErn at the book contain nil exceedingly intorcatlllg 
njt.rHl.jva of lha *(y^.MH>T* of Vir (iTiL» r nn.vn.1 *ot*h;<» ATI th* FblettlnO and 
i.ih ihih- l.i-.-n-.i >[ibiiib-M|i]M. *fi<l <■!' rii<i ivvl-ihIh which presided. Lho fall of 
K cur Orifvmii. 

[il hit* fourth clmjNor b« gaTM «n MftOUdt of bit prison frAp+rienoe, (lis- 

.1:-- :i:,m?i.U r |:r "i-i-'-'-i -|i:i-.l. i-i./ ..r:-l ■ I- :- -. ijx l' ;l - :| »| -i t ! : . | ■; . .L< ■ 

Ibc aurnmjMjj i^p of the diicuMian of this i|unlidn in our Fapen. 

The remaining -chapiori of iIlo tujok toll tho thrilling *tory of hSi id- 
vfnlun 1 -: ur hlocknde-rtinlier, flint five LncHdnli of tlc*p InlTWt rUHl 
firmt hiaEciric value. 

Ciiptniii Wilkinson mi Jo LiTlint-y-o-iits guccefdful Lripj in [lib "Lee,' 1 mint 
thrn *vniim»ndi>d ie|l»1 auccc ufu I ly lho " Whii-pcii" Ibc "Oiiekamnii^A.," 
■dJ [lie "Chilirflevjlft," 

Tin' nirntire ii admirably Written, nul,. ittllAUgli the modest}' nf the 
tulhor keep* himpelF iP lh^ tockgrouiulr it in roay sua Lbat dpt r Wilkiil- 
wra w*4 oh« of Iha m.-o*t pjflUa in and *.kilfal*frlii±t noble tody of o-ldmral 
iiilir^rs wlio gnTU- up LucTotiva ami pleount place* in LJic Unilod ,St:iti\i 
■enuir :lIii| ohr-nrrnLLy ftacriflood thair a]] Bit ibo CAynri of Lhrnn(.iLi1(ki(i»l 
fnHMJosil. 

tie hrH jvnsnlowd, a Vwk oJ r*i(? Jrt<!T(3r ? wrhich. sbauld. bav* ft pt*C* Ell. 
OTOry Ii I r.irj jnd tut widely nu.d by out jMMtplo. 

|[ u MilJicitnt lo jay of the g^n^r^L yrfup or tlie book (bat it is in thn 
bc*t htyJo of (how mail^M o( lb* f-rt *£ took-npkittg, 3bf klffll £ Cfli, 
Nriv York. 

F-Oin Veah3 Tin: Gp: ^ci.hr. Lie, by CalDnd Walter II. Taylor, of bit 
»laH", is ahfi#k wliicjh mint bavo llnji hridett-Ctrcnbtlion, *nit go ihwKl S* 
poilority m *f bnjliiwl audiOrity an ibc pointu of ^Jiieb Ii lr4A.Uk 



96 Southern Hwtffrmtf Smety Jfyw^ 

From ih* [juie Lliai (rcn-cral i.+o look command at the-. Virgin \a, Fc-fWs 
in '£1 to theHurrcndor at AppomafUwr, Oolon*! TayttT Surged On bis itiif, 
jtiui war one of his n*0*4 trusted offi^ihv For ft jnrgr put af thin prtripd. 
ho ic^iitjLud [lie pariliOn of Aujutn.nl -General of thr Army of TioftllGm 
Vlrgitiifl,. aiid hO nlnn in that pinny wjii mine widely kruvurn or maro uni- 
vennllr esteemed Ttir hiflili ptTMvnrd ehnrnrt^r, nr for tho in1-elLi.!>£nl i-flhl. 
and ram ability and Iflct with wind* ho d iac]l*Tg*d hit delicate and rti. 
pwttih[> duties, 

IV i Mi MLi>h tf-iipoTlUnilir* Tot kn*lring the iwiirf hi»tory oF i?ur grand 
oLd Army, kp rapceted Cotmirl T.ivl'nr to pive um a kwxilj #f jrtM historic 
VulitC. *nd »0 have nolbtcn difcappoLKifcid- We, hfl^e bend it [wire with 
IncreuiiiL' inH'TiHti mi- d IiAV-0 jVlnOod Lt On n convenient nheLF for froqiicnL 
Consultation. There witL Ire, of course., dltfcormciw *>f ^pmircn in nfFflT- 
(MJCP to certain oF hii Ktatemcntx nnd o]Htiwm» j but no Aim ivhn know* 
Colonel TVytor can dotibt for a. mrnbien t that tio Iim onf+FHlly, and eon- 
Kienllouslf ende«W¥Cd to "tall the CrUih. the whole, trulli, nml iivlrmig 
hut the tryth '" concerning; the great menla dF which, he write*. 

H« give* * number fl-f bilhcjlo. ltnnnbtiahed incident* which iltuisti*t» 
the character of fc^TiGi*] frf* twnt ni^ke uw wtil» lbab hh mutntiv* bad 
been fuller in. thi» rvapacl, and lie brings out invaluable nmtcrinl for a 
f*Trect undopilandinp; of the campaign* dF liii (tnM*t chief. 

But a hlniti 0*iject oF 3. in booh wo* (n- doternninn (ho FOt»(JT« nunibeTU 
of the i.Vnnfedern.i* mid Fetkad irinie* In all of the principal bftttLw, and 
thi* h* hA^< certainly n'Aitd hcyDiiJ all diiputc. 

Byname LneMiC (A&UJ w*iaT<*nnt toLiiji CilJanfl Taylor wfl? »o fortunm* 
a* to obtain njocero to the field Sfetlirn* of (he Artny *f Northtfth I'Li^nnia, 
nOH In the "ArrfLive I^urvau" at Wckilii npton. and to ir-piiFy hii ■memn- 
nuidpit>r^U^nutvih*T* | rutd thitr, h(* i* onablfld to *ln>w (tnkinjj tile F*d*' 
T*t officin] lepOrtu if rJioSt TtuBflbeM) the fearful uUi Dgninut whidi W* 
ilwnya fdnghl. 

W* proptoe ia give hla ftjjHnM in *■ future niinvb€T r We Jirwe only 
p^Ace rsow to ndd thnt the id^te of the author il jianjJe, olear, dirtOt. and 
ndcnlraM}' Suited to hu AubjeoE. The fact flint !hc book in publliJucd by 
D, Applclnn A Ce,, Few Ywk, !* sufficient gUftTarsiw that in |\i]M*r, typ(*. 
binding, Vo.r ~ A « ■" tDftt could t* qloeisfed, 

Wt' I'lilv Tti^ret that Log publishsnj hire put In n» fr-onCir-plecf n ¥ery 
poor- tiltcne™ of f5em#tftL J^e, in»t<rad: nf a vory ftn(i one which th«iy havo 
Ui>ed in olhnr* af their publiLuLion?. 

Wa eoaotude w^h the hope that thin IrooJt wilt nieet *riflt such gone 
ra! fiver na !* inditCiJ the A<MM>nripLiiihAd author to write a /icff hliluTf &f 
die tintrnuRna dF die Army of Northern VlrginMr 



SOUTHERN HISTORICAL SOCIETY PAPERS. 

Vat. V. RlrhmniHl, Vn., March, 18H&. No* 3. 

T*e Tnm Sler j of the t^iHii™ of Jt fforsoai liana. 

BT MAJOR W. T. W ALTEC ALL, 
(Laid A-Jk.a, Ci'TifriUrHiit Armp.) 

f'L'lii! follawiiip: jirEiclo wra written nml raidy lac publ k^tiiin. a ffew 
wc+ka altar lb*- anfio-MMCiftr oF llinl of (if-noral WiNon, whi<-h wv lii* 
proKinuto owi*wMi for iM pctiftirmipn. tt w» *^m to tliaPhiladdpliij 
I^wa, Ed wbldi G#n«ral Wilson'*, papar hid apf**rnl h annl which hud 
pgmrf. to TjrobLish it. In cJo-rH«iucuiw P how*™ - , of protracted emu unon 
plairwt <Jcl(iy in the Inlfttnwnt rsf rhij ^rwraonl, it •/**» widuinm n from 
tbd ofllco <st tbnt jtfumilf aft*r l^ing iben for aonvc nrontht, mi J Li now 
*ii\xii\ Lto<l i* (he- rc&dcft of the ^«^m ^fifto™! -S™ry f'djfrj, iriih 
thin flxplanntian of the rLcEnj in. Ltn publication. | 

. Tho pablFentiOo, in Un> PriiJad*1]jiiiii Wteklif Timet of July 7lb, 
1-677, or an article by Major. (jonernL Jaince \l. Witnon, profraftiirnj 
to piTO an account oj to* enptura of the CoiLfa<tantta Proud/But in 
l8firi L hns not Only thrived & QctLtLoua alary dnulated feoon after 
that Mnt occurred — p«rbfc|(tt Al:3] current- arrtrtng LhO Tiiigar, 
though long Hiiicii refuted — but faiuj surrouudad it with a. cluatflj' of 
dots' ombolliftuTfuJnLs, whinn. bud htreMore ]n&t\ rithor <r ummtton 
liiatory" of nniiua^inod fiction. To which of tho«e elaasea Lh<!y 
belong the rtwlor nmy In; boi[*r able to dalDrmiitb oft&r an (irani. 
illation of too ovMcnw wbich it is otio or thoobjetrts of Lbia pa^r 
to Iny IrtfOTw hint, 

Tli-t Irey.riotc to tbo tomporj as well ad tho trulhlulucftfl ai Gaa r 
Wtlflnn'w njrrAtivD, may ha (liuiihI in it& ftnit pn-Fagraphj whlGD. I 
qjnoto entire; 

"On l>ia IIhlI- Strndjiy ui AnpJ, !§<$, vrtik ««Hod in St, PauJ^a 
ohureb iii lliolinirjuiij JcffL'-rSL'-n Dpv iu recti ^^1 a. iclogroni from 



93 Southern Htetoriwi -Stw'e/y Fbpers, 

LfrO, annoaneiog the fall of PctonBbnrg, tha partial deslrniilEon of 
hi 4 arjtty, and tb« immediate ncci?**ity for flight, Although ho 
could sat Lave been entirely unprepared for ilila lot*ILijBLinco h it 
rp]il'jil-h Mi uL ho did oot receive it with aclf-poflaeasion: or dignity; 
but ltiiL tremulous and ncrvoiw hnnn<, lil« a w*ak runt in the hour 
of iniafortuns, be left the IiOhhj of lvomhin. nod hurried home, 
where, hi! and hia mo™ fc*oIhIls wifospwt tho rest ol tins day in 
packing their personal baggage Those who jm acquainted witn 
the character ol Mrs. Davis, enn. readily imAgino with wbateaorey 
and determinatsc-a she must Imi-u pre]NLred bor family for flight* 
an '3 with what rajjo and Llmippoinimein nhe resigned the sccplro 
Bhn bad wielded over Ibo- wcial And Ijisbionable life of '.Richmond, 
on the. James." They may he »qyo, too,, ihm although beamick 
and disgusted, then was drilling imwdiuw tfr vaseilJatinu; in her 
acLioii*. At nightfall e-rcrylhing w B *iri NadJMWj *"n the gold 
then r^hmEiniiig in the trcuwary, not BKecedinjr in all f4O,Q00\ wa* 

Sacked nitfonjj tho baggage, and andcr cover oi darkness the Frcai- 
ent of the. Co^iedcraty, accompa"idl by l«s iBsaily and threo 
membcra of hiri Cabinet, Breckinridge, £u.njs«iin ? and Reagan, 
drove rapidly to tho train which bud. been pre^ted to carry Ibom 
from Riuliiiiond. This train, it iv «ud h was the gao which had 
carried provisions to Amelia Courthouse for Lee, H H hard-pressed 
and hungry army, and baling been ordered to Kiebmond, bad 
taken Ibc&o supplies, to that place, wfiepo ibry u-e re abandoned for 
a moro ign«h!o freight. Ah- a matter of conpse tho starving rebel 
soldiers sgffared, but Davis Biiceccd^d in reaching Danville ia 
safely, wbcia Ins rapidly recovered from tbe fright bt had sus- 
tained,, and (ploaishcd hia followers by a proclamation aa bombaa- 
tit and cm ply as. bia iortii rt*i wore straightened ami de-aparale. 1 " 

Whether tbu toae of this cjHratt it that of thivjilrOLifi: jgon- 
ortwfity and conrtoty:, or *l tOafW JiAd bdttar vtilgarit? t is a minor 
rniL'.i[ ion, wbich it in not nicoa^ATy to discuss. Whether its state- 
ment* aro Irtis at falso, i* ono of more interest, with vc^ard to 
whiiilL St will bo found Op Analysis that there ia but one positivo 
truth in the lv'hol* (.lassago, Tboro arc at letwt fltvf jKftiiLivo falsc- 
hooels in twlation to manors gf fact, ^uaeeptible of proof ; <mc ■*■ 
Mirlion of a sort perhApi iloi capable of beinje; Anally tastod by 
postlirfl evidtace. hut contrary to tbc ulaseanemts of witnesses and 
to all morat and firinjuslantial proof to w-hieb i t-C-nia be subjected! 
and ftfo others with regard to whieh f ana not ftilty informed, bul 
ifhkh are at 3«wt :iuprobahla and not in harmony with known 

btatfc 

To come to partlesilarH, die oae trulh is tbat eontaLuod. in the 
flrat soBteiiC*, ttal a certain tekgrart waa received on a certain 



Tht Capture of Jcfrrtai Itoti*. ?£ 

day by Pmidt at DmE*, wbile itnUd in St. PiaT* ebncb, Kcb- 



Thd italrmriu immediately followibK, ih*t be did nat recci** 
rhm ■Jmpulvh 'wiili wlf.powii{*#H>n ordbjnity," but that be left this 
boon? '"^iib tnrnutona and oareou* !*»[«, like & wn^t nmv in tho 
hour *>f miiforLiine," is thnt whicb I havo nl|>uif|Q<[ » o(i& perhaps 

im.I . il[i..|.|, ..1 bring t«LMl !■;. | ;tivi;| |, .h.,1 iJii-. n:i i : -,,i;i 

any liuuhL an La* Lev or tiro untruth, but ait (wpulhh oF tho ftiibjectiva 
cbitjwtpr of (tin only nvidtbee tbnl win be applied to it. Two 
obwrvcpij Hit otic »c-UlpQwo«icd. nnd impartial, Uid oth{Fr H either 
frightened liitupfill, or imbued witb the ninliunam Ajilril lim^eron 
toanlmiUo the p*n of <i*n*ntl Wjlwu, mijflil form wry different 
f*iiinjLf« of lie demeanor of the obj«i of ibeir obetrritiofi- 
General WlImjo doc* not pnrfrcc to bare beta a wi^ncw of wfaat 
b* devcrib**, nnr dm he give the nine of bi» infunnipil, although 
bb iHVMt bi directly eoavury to ill lb* iMUnnti ol actual 
wilq^Mf* (bit bare heretofore bHU generally i-welTed. Whatr 
ever+>[ber ir(Mi*nlieii« may be enUirtaitmd,. do one lanuli.ir wr.k 
iba character and history of JenTtrion Duvin, nrhtHheT houcBt friend 
urt'BiiiliiJ frHf, will believe lb at buovor tixhihilcd wuHfeneM or >*ck 
d( rioLf |hm^mpmoh in time- of pari] Or t'lihiinily, 

Ijfll us hurrj' on, however, t& ho PJtnminiillon oF tho paaitke 
patent Inhnihoodi in respect- of matter* of fact, wnH lined in Gon, 
WMaon'e tint p«mgTipb. [L am very dwlruiu* of avoiding bard 
word*, hi\ really know no eupboniam for folicA&*i at all applica- 
bit lo l hi* rate.] 

1*l - Ih Ufi the heme of kmhAijp oiuf ik«nM Amu," 

PrwM«Dl Darin did hdi bony ho mi" at all On the MBinry, 
bo wont iu the extcnEive office, which w» not in. tb* tame put oJ 
the city Wtlb hi* hnnn?, and lh<re called B Totaling dl bis Cabinet, 
which coTiitnufd in wa*ion fors£7i»iral Liuiini. At tbi» i«*ion ib-ere 
™ ma hurry or confusion. On the cum trnry, tbe firniiieM. witb 
wliii-U the (inff <|noH'Jon« under eonaidvrAtion were din:ii«c4 by 
tbe prlucjpnl member of Iho eouncll, nml hi* uppirunt inditTenoao 
to bl» puTwonal saJtty *nd private Int^niHtu, were nubjiwn of 
ri'umrk Uy nilivrs prtwent, lie did not go Ifl hid liOme until late in 
Ebe ■iLumoon. 

2nd. "Hi! and hi* more rtialufr vsif* apnU tKt rett of the day in 
pat&ittf fAfir ptrsohat id^a^," 4v, 



1(K> StMihem Historical Society Papa*. 

Thi* statement and the highly -eolotitd description whiah fol- 
lows, of the "pae-ting" pud of tbo Jl rage and dieappnintm-fciil" of 
Mfn- DjLTift, are pare fiction., presumably of General Wilson'* own. 
invention ; for it ii well knnurn tbat iirt. Davis and nil cti« Presi- 
dent's family bad left Biphmond ?omo lino boforo, and wora al 
Uis rwy ft'jfW etftei' p* JbietjA w GWrtotfa, North- Carolina. The 
"pat-ii i ng " of Mr. Djitji*' riffi<:tiil pi^ieiM. was done by the gentlemen 
ol Ilih personal wt^ff; thai of bifl wearing apparel by bin iSrifAttt*. 

It would be beyond the scop? of my present purpoae to pause 
here to pay more than n casual Lributo (o tho soldierlike and chiv- 
alrous jnA^iinii i tiiity t bnt- cquM invent a story Liko ilii* (nr the 
Kuk-L- of making ait opportunity to jear and. aneer at tbo distress of 
a lady in lErao of danger and calamity. 

3rd. ,L He- drove rapidly to tbo tnno, * * * + ffeMMjwitfaJ 
6y Jus famSjf." 

Tbii» stntweml id merely a varintinn of tbo provisos fiction, 
without even an fttom of foundation in fart, and needs- no farther 
eommont, 

4lh. He was aleo accompanied, *aya General Wilson, by ™fAr« 
memfrff j a/ tu9 CSa^fart, Brtt&ixridge, Benjamin, and Reagan." 

Ho wan really accompanied by /tr mum hem cri his Cnbhte-t, 
Mewm. llenjamiii, Ysllrtry, Iteagan, Trenholm, and Davis; (ien. 
Breckinridge was not anion;* them, and did not L^va nLehnjmid 
until the next morning- Tim tfii$sliiiGraie.nl in. tbia ea*n ia alt-o- 
gelbcr immaterial. It eeeiw to spring out of tbo TOfJf wonton- 
tiesa and exuberance of unlrut'bfulnoM in tba narrator; but it 
serifs to show Imvt much reliance may bo placed upon tbo neuu- 
ntfjy of bsa assertion* in minor mntUiT*, aa well as in greater. 

Tbo two other atnteiaertts which, by way of abundant caution 
against doing any injnstico even to General Wilsnn, T havo desig- 
nated merely ea "improbable" and Hoarsely consistent with fcrowfl 
Jaets, are first, that tbo gnld lit the- Confederate treasury waa 
"picked uaaong tbo baggage," wfakb Jront tbo content hn.iar to 
be- Intended to mean ibnt it « jwiekad among the President's 
baggage ; nud seeond, thai tbo train in which tbo juirty i«vl led, 
"It i» *ftid," waa one which bad carried provijdona io Amelia Court 
bonne iav Loo'b army,, hud thence hetn ordered to Richmond, mtd 
had abandoned the nunplLea for a r4 moro ignoble, freight." 



Tht Qtpiure o/ Jtfftrwn Zteew. 10! 

With regard; to ihv fir*! of th«*6 Atn(e-me.nto t tl used ooly bo said 
that the #old which iria (Jiketi wac in charge of Jit. Trunholm, 
the Secretary af t-bc Treanury, Jfn-w and where be ^packed" it, I 
am not informed;; but it i* not at all tifcvly Ibnt it was pocked 
Among the Frtflident'a "bmfgago-" 

Ant* too other pomt h waiving nil question of the nobility or 
ignobibty of lbs Conledernits FreHidejit and Cabinet eonflidoretd 
aw Imgbt, tt kH enough to say Hat they traveled by a paueeng&r 

train, tiOt adapted bAr employed fr>r carrying prOviHiOilSj Ltlftd 

moreover, that, if *jppjsw bad bwin. Hont by tbin or any other 
train ft- Arfieliji CourtftQaAH, u vittllgi! On the Richmond and DaD- 
Tillu railroad, they were do doubt tout Mrfiii^fl it,, on tlir wivy to 
Biobmond. 'The Connniaeary.EieiLeral of tht Confederal* army 
fcifl.n show □ to. a recent publication [Svwfftcra JUi jforicnJ Swtfrfy. P&- 
pen for Mateh, i6^)> that no tequiailLon for supplies to be sent to 
Amelli Coni'lhoua* wae over recoiTcd by him or hi* Bflaiatanla, 
and thai the Secretary df Wnr bnd m: knowledge of any such. 
II r. Uarvie, the president at that lime of the Danville road, also 
tfatirW (i^fff^, that ample fMinpLLtt eonLd baTO been sent to Araolia 
Coortbouso fat an army twice the eizo of Lee's, bat tltal neither 
hi- DM tin- ^u|-L-i-iri[-jjii]i-ii[ bad any no tic* tbat tboy were. *F»Tiled. 
there, (icnerat AVilson qualities iLie particular statement by the 
vague limitation, "Eljasaid," bet thee-it rA'f stoma to be entitled to 
III tin more crodil llutn ll it had liccn his a-/tn aaaertioiiL 

Facing orer all subordinate a ad incidental manors wn tome, in 
the noit paragfaphf to a yet mora astounding historic rovolatioq, 

*4 folLtivTa: 

"It i* state J upi>n what appears to be good authority, tbat Davie 
had, many wvflku- beionj Lean eatastropne, made "tho moat care- 
ful and cjaeiin r ptapataUona for bin escape, discussing the mat- 
ter fully with bj» Cabinet En puofbdnd soe-reey, and deciding that, 
in order to ween fa lha eaeape ef hitiiHtlf and priatipal oBtoeis, tho 
fthenflbrloab sSiunlil hi; ordered to L-rnifla off tho coast of I ,h Lorida 
to takn iLe- fngii[ve« <>□ bftfltd.' TJiost otdera were sect to the 
vebol cniiset riLiiny <l»ys before Lfia'a lineA were brolu;™. It wju 
thought tbAt the Imply ntight tuake uil teMJ and ddi berate caeape 
Lti Lhe uny uifreral u]H»n, n» tbti oomioiinieatLoKia with tho Florida. 
ooofiL were at that dine neartn>ly doubtful, and once on thcewifcl- 
sailing SUeuaudusb, the inoflt valimhlu remnant of tho Aoejlo-Con- 
federate davj, l they might aooq nbtaiu aa aaylum on a fbroi^ra 
iboro. 1 " 



102 Scmthtrn ffislmtal Society jfapen. 

(jvnumt WiSmou, ii will h*i QbsKirvtd, adopts tbia rtmarkflbto 
story from fQitiv source which be doca not indicate otherwise than 
its H ' whwt nppcnrai to Ik good authority." He i3vo» injimieo both 
to its giLVQti tor and hia readers, in failing to a-pecify the authority, 
lor it surpa^wa in reckless audacity of invention anything clac 
that he Iiiih laid u£* To appreciate tbia, wa nsuat reiasrahar that 
tho Shenandoah woe at that time chj the- ytbor trick- ol the ivorld- 
Iiidced, SI 1 mistake not, ilio bad never been and sever wu.% tut or 
near the American const, Cruiwng in remote Bens, her ooenh 
btmiJei- waa not Informed of thn fell of the Confedemiey :md elasa 
ol tbe WW until long afterward. It was laic in the autumn of 
1363 before she. vfila aurrendercd by hi in to the "Brinish ■uothoT'ittea- 
Blockaded as t bo Confederate coast waa. there could Lava Loco 
Ii4 reasonable hope- thnL mi eh otddrH m* tliiTHU- described cob Id reach 
her And bo executed, within six or eight ntonLba at tbe leaal. And 
Avqn if sb* bid bne-n within ra&eh, o,a. order to h idiipol war to 
cruiao "off tbe coast or Florida" — a coaal of mora than a thou- 
eftnet rflileo in cx[enl, with nil Ids perto bf pOwcwion of (he enemy — 
to Nike o(T ^ parly of fugitivea at some |wmt which could, not 
poe-aihly bo defljynatad bcEorebnnd, would bare bean too atepid a 
thing to have beon done, or di«!UB*Dd oven M Jn profound secrecy" 
by |L gCivernrtljCiiL, I he me mborfl. of v.- biub ]iuv«! ucvvr live*] Charged, 
oven by their encrniw, with total insanity, 

Although the fnetn- above sLfuM with regard to the Shenandoah 

i\iV well knnwn, the [uLtowiujj letter from Jl d isthiguiabwl authority 
on Confederate uaraJ bialory may serve to confirm them. The 
death of tbe illustrious author «oor> after it was written invoala it 
with a paltilul iniereat: 

Letter frcm Admiral $euam«. 

Mouile, Alauahjl, August IZih, 1977. 
Mqjor ¥ r T. ^AJiTJULL; 

DvjlX. ^ik: You nrnj quito right m to tho JocmJ in qvQ o( the Sbon^ 
andoah. Sbo wan oilhflr in tbe North Pacific or Indian ocean st 
tbo timo ol tho surrender. Tho news of tho final cntaa-tropho to 



* tnm 4 mW^VHB^ nmrnrt of taiiml VJIpAo^. H Mtttl \i\tt>\f LtiM tLli OBtr -UltaKTjlT'" 
hr inm« of b|> EtVDnitnla— f-lhhif™ faf Olll, 1B[«I *ltMt>— ll tll*i of IVlCwA. »JlO »r»l« 
* drfmn^urv "Life at J:(Tvtr<in. Omfbf." Th4 t»OV L-f JO n';(-rl)f «orlhiM» ■» " ■uLhnrliy," 

thm. th4 mto* lni«|L|p*t »ml n»pwt»Wfv **» =J ¥*- DhC*' •mbdIs^ would Hub tt 



The Qiphtn \>f Jtjffr-ifm Davis. 10$ 

our arena reacted her in the latter ocean, when ibb struck bor 
guns below in her hold, made tha beat of her wa,y to England, 
and! surrendered herself to the British govern Riant m trmn-t for the 
conqaoring belligerent, 

It is well known to the country that only & fair woelcs bdor* 
the surrender of Lee, President Daves had no tboiitjbt of B-Tirrcndor 
himself, His speech at, the African abtirvh In Ili^Jinioinlf nllvr the 
return of the Com nu<isi-on from Old Plidhi^ is? ample cvi doners of 
Ihi*. II bo had meditated flight ir^-m the tjenntry, aa is fatoely 
pretended by (fcneral Witson h and to iacilitjla ihfs, hud desirod to 
wrninmi irate with the Shenandoah, three, or J-unr niLjuihH iau6t 
bavfl elapsed bcForo a dispatch could reach bei-, unci an equal length 
of lime before the could return to the eoaat of Florida — even if 
hb hiLii hnr>wn Ler precise locality;, which was a mailer oJ great 
Ltiiprnhability under the discretionary orders under which the snip 

I wjw, n>y#c]f„ commanding the Jara-aa: river Heel in the latter 
da^Kfli the. wnr h and was in daily oommunicalioiv with the Navy 
1>*pari-in*;in, nod if any such intention as thai mentioned h»d 
bwn «ii(vrLaiimt by the Executive, I think I would have been con- 
fridciid oft to lbt> whereabouts o£ tho Shenandoah and llie mcaim of 
reaching liar, Hothing of the kind transpired. 
I remain very truly yon re, &c„ 

KftE-JdAEIi &EHMB*. 

General ft'ilson continues-: 

"When I>avig and bis. companions Left Ttiehntnnd in mirwnnnCft 
of this plan, they believed chut Let could uioM nuj-rrnilur only a 
abort time longer. A lew days thereafter the ncwa nj the* cspec- 
led calnmily reached them, when [tuiy i-it-jird Unit !»<** ngnin 
toward lie South, Breckinridge, iIil r>oriitary ol War, wun neni 
to confer with Johnston, but louud him only Lo time to psaist in 
drnwin c; up the terms, of bla celebrated capitulation to ijberrtAO. 
TJiu in U'lhcrcn co of this, event caused the rebel chieftain to renew 
hi* (liglit; Xul h while barryine; onward, some- fatuity induced bbn 
to fchjn>£*o hit. plans and to adopt the alternative) of trying %a pn^h 
tb™ugn I ho Southwest toward the region which ho loudly bulic^d 
t* be yol under the domination of Forrest, Taylor, and, Klrhy 
Smith, and within which he hoped bo revive, the deaperote furnitii^H 
oJ the Tcbol lion, lie con tided his: hon«s to Breckinridge uud wlien 
he reached Abbeville, South Carolina, ha called a counall of war 
todeliberin^ upon the p'ans vrhieh be had eoncelecd for rej^vii e ra- 
ting whuL hju.l now become in fact 'The. Lost Cause.' This coun- 
cil was conrtnCHwd of Generate llreeblnrtdg-e, Brags;, and the com- 
roandern of tbg ^Lvaliy Force which waa then estjerting him. All 
nnited that it •u.-tm hnpcEes^ to struggle longer, but they added thai 
th^y would not disband Ibcir men till they had guarded their 
obtain tea place ui safety, This wis the lost council of tba 
CoiLEYdorncv-. Davis, who had hitherto commanded with all the 



1M Southern Bistorieiii Swittp Fttpttt. 

rigor of an autOLiat, found himself powerleaeand dowricd. From 
Ibta day forth ha was little bellar than a fugitive, for although 
his escort gave Ltiu and Lis macron strain nominal company and 
protection till he had i-eached the village of Wauhin^lon, just 
wilLin the norihtafttprai houadary of Georgia, they hud tone; rinco 
learned the honetefcintsss of further resistance, and now bepjsn to 
despuir even of successful flight. 11 

Id all I5ii*. tn, in what ptcced«H it, Ibcrc Fa scarcely an atom of 
Irulb. Wh*ti Mr. frrwia left Rifthmtmd he did n4( e^K^t Leo to 
have to Hurrender. ilia preparations for defence at J>anvi Lie would 
have been wholly hicflfiwiLeul with each an expectation, lirccfc- 
inridga vraa not "acntto confer with Johnston" nor did hu find 
him "only in time to assist in drawing up the terms of hi* cele- 
brated oupiiu ljdio» to Sherman,"' On the contrary, he arrived at 
G rocneboro 1 ' on the 12lo or 13th of May,, in time to Hike part in a 
eonf^Mtn:*! already En. progress between President Davi* and poena 
ol his Cabinet, Generals J ohoaion and Utau regard. Several days 
iftefwwl he again met Gflner-ftt Johnxten, in r*"pOpiSo to a tele- 
graphic HNjucflt from the latter, in full time to take pari in the 
negotiations with General Saernmn h ™bicb mulled, on the lrJlh, 
uot in the Anal "capltulaUon," butia the anaittia which the Got* 
eminent of ibo United State* declined to raliJy. General Bnsclc- 
Jnridga wan net present and tunic 110 piirt hi tbft celebrated eapitu. 
lalioa, [&co Johnson a Surrativo, pages SfflMOT,] 

ThtJf* V-as lift AU«h fcb'jligb of "plan", fa|uflitfl Or not ! .1 mih, 
aa represented by General TVslaon. No"coueci3 of war 13 was held 
at Abbeville, General Brngc; was ihj! ul Abbeville, No cavalry 
commander was- a member of " the laal council of the Confede- 
racy /' Mi-. Dat'to had no wagon (ruin. Hm n would be tedioua 
and unprofitable to follow the miaatatetaenta ol General Wilson 
and ojpOita (bum in detail. They are too manifold evqu ior emu, 
mcr&Lion. Enough has been »ald to abow hew utterly unworthy 
-of credit is bit evidence in miuport of any statement whatever. 

Adrn-lrnl S«-rome« h in tie letter above cvpicd, huu brig-fly noticed 
the fulsLtv of lite representation iliut President Eavis had been 
preparing to leave iho country, or hud even entertained any 
thought ol aurireitdeir- The removal of Ida family from Kiehmond 
woe not in anticipation of eueh an OYont, bnl as an example to 
eiieuurH^L' vtIull Lbn gpvurninc-ni iv4ii* roemnrftendLng to the ottijjena 



The: OipbtK efJejttnm Mk 105 

id g*n*f*l, that *ll abanld Into ibnl *Hj »ho eAnrvnwatlj cnM, 

Pfi amnjiil nf the intPCSftin^ FcartrtV of -applir«. It I* rqkHBlUi 
Irtprrnimn — mutt 1 wpruk only Jrcm ju¥*amption n not irom any 

pnitike inlorm utio-n — iLa; t hi- pntaih/lit ^ »f lijirinir in jthnnilnn ihp 
fnfiiinl liQil been, *ph«i*tcr«l by Ibo Conleuerelti aulhorilE*a lor 
nwirly ihrwt jonra predion*, and that whig degree nl propfLiralton 
In I- nvniuxnl nl l Isl- nrtibiv&s of H111 jjjoi/iiriairnul En aiioh tarns may 
liimi I'stMed during all Uml perM; lull iiu ujjpuc:ui;icin *( th* 
Ba«pMlL^ lur nn curly evacuation bid beim hj nlprlai ned unlit Ucn, 
Lw'l telegram oi Lhe 2d -April wait rut'i-i vinI. (ienoraJ Lrfl* hiln.. 

anil had rxpecttd. to be abk to bold hi* position nl P«lerHbnrg »t 

JtfaAt " Utitil the road* w«n bard*n*d " (Iquh bl« Mb eKpriS>iob,) 
and continued, to em.eria.in that bop* until bit attenuated linea 
Wrh( broken al Firt Fork*! on the J*t of April ; nor did be nultC- 
ip»t*, in tearing Ptunbtri;, lb* eerie* of Jj^aMer* wb«rh rtn- 
prllnl tbr nuftwbder of bii annjr. within a. W«k aftrrvard, under 
ciTTurn*taiiM». which made the nmndtr more iHit*uinuii ihio the 

An Id the tbarg* 1 hat Preal Jen I Da v In w n* preparl ng f nr " fligbl " 
JrWti lhe WDiilry, ihfre is- not eton llii? pre! vm* til (iny oeidence 
tonup|ioil [l. Il hu mere eflluwiiy, without nny bii*i* nl truth 
whatever, Tbn Only proposition of thai «m nl which vre haw 
»ny mldr-ore, pni^ucdcd. from n v^r* diJfarant quai-ltr— Irom the 
headquarter* of lhe Federal army. (jencml Sherman, in bij 
Memoir* ip*!!" 351-M}, «ay» toil, In • rctiforecr* with Am gene- 
ra] oBe«n. pending tk* negotiation* for an armimLee, ihev dii- 
eWMd (be nnaallop whether: "if Jnhn*U?n rtadv a point of it," b« 
(Sheriaan) efaoald assent 10 lb* "emp* few* lb* coaatry * of the 
Crofata-lti* PrwSdenl and Cabinet ; *nd Ibal OMfr of Ih* WtMll 

Enkitiml 1 hat, ii a»ied for. a t**b*1 ^honld bf p?n»i4*4 (4 t*1s* 
Ibem to Nuhd. H" dow not say irbrtbir be hitawlf fkTomd 

Lhli propbkltlob, ar noi; but Geiteml Jnhintun, in n noU> to hii 
nocounl of the negotiation*, vrbieh Rh^rmaii proiLOiuvcea "quite 
nn-nrnlp ami florFMl h "' sny* "(jonenil Mlnfrnmh 41J sot dartre the 
am'Kl of llmxe tfQutSeEaeii. H« ivii« mo iil'iH* m»t m Jrtri^n thn 
ornbp rfTt*mn«ut iboiraiplare would oauw;. tkrftf^H, At iBt&ktd tfaatt 

UDttipnHdg lbf« "titcmeolB wilfa *»h olh"^ n«4 with impren- 
■lon« made apoo olfaera wba w*r« pat-tit-LpanU in the «^(nt« of 



10* SiFHfhtm Hitterirtl Sttfy faptrK 

tbe period, there can be in doubt a* lo (irneral Sherman's indi- 
n«Lkau m ih*- nutter, "if Johnson (faul] tnpd* • pnint af it;** bet. 
Central Johritton made do each point. H* kn*w r bo doubt, ifaaL 

any propciiibn l^ abandon lb* ctiutitf y wuulj but* bwn promptly 
^j*n'tfil by IVi!^i(Lfbt Ihivia. and do L'ob federate General would 
have, infldp hi? oflcndive a a-iijjfl^r, M*n lo 1»Sm, 

A wtitl* or two Itder, when !L wdh |ii\N|-irinei! hj" cma or tnora of 
Jiin frlunda, tbnl be should undtjufur u* rtiivi.-h ]lavnnn or noma 
other H'e*t Indian port — nol for tbo purpoao or trcayt, but as tlic 
beii puj Rjilf^t i onto to |l lb* Trans-M isHiMapiir' — |ji> refawo', o-n 

the jfKnlkid thai it wuuld r^uLtV bJOn lo ti-jH-'e llir ralinl ty, bIiIiOUj^L 
it wen- ohlj- ftt & fow days, Jf*m# allow anc* outfit perhaps 14 
fee raado Ibr ti>iH?nt Wilson 1 * olTintn aj>a*npl Irttll in Ibi* partic- 
ular, on ibt Hon ol b» ionbility u> e™ipr*bv"d ibv high *rn»* a* 
Official tabor by which. Mr. ltarii wa» f.LuilTOl. 3f en's *t bical 
tlaadard* *rr very i|i*«*e. 

Stttnl WII*oej ihaw& sa llllto regard lor comnwD t4itK, or 
cgnplnlcncy, a* lor tnilb and rantlor- Tbu^ we rind him Myirif 
thai " U*vIp, ijiflttid $f oi>^rtijt'j tht armiti iw, waa making hi* way 
tuWflnl the Soeitb wilb an OBtort.'' And n^niin H L Hill foil car- 
ta! ii, (mm wliiil I could Le&rrij thai Darin rind bin Cabinet would 
endeavor lo HcapD to (he ^cul side of lb* Minnliwipp! rirpF, «0f- 
WitttftatoitiHjf ike. carnvJtfrrf -tnJ idnVrufaSryn. 11 Tin- nrlni-<liCtf W A* one 
Ifa-lngi and ibr- capilolatioo aaoibier, Tra<i eaptlDlaltaA ol General 
Jolib*lau ittJ nol Lite- place SDlil alter llic hnnirtScfi bad b**n 
npediiicd by |bc United Si* Leu Government and lb* lorty-tighl 
boa» aJtawtd for totiee ol tti disapproval had txpind. Preii- 
d«Dt l*m*n keaw • party co Ibtarnsiilir* by ffiriDjj it few can- 
wol and *fpr^T*l. bat had nothing to do *ith tb« **pi ttilatioo. 
Sit fat mi b* frvro fi(d3iiij La utwwnft I be lurtncf, LblL be Ffnnajntd 
ip Clbarlotte, TUilnwtnt. APt flniy until N" wr*» ifxlToTEncd of iU 
T*J««tloa m WMbin^toD, LhlL until tht JattgtiyM /i.**rt ^f-" cam- 
pttttfl, when Iks moonled bis bdrw nrad rnUc <»rt". bavitig scnipn- 
wliiJy obtflrTfld it lo Lbo ]«ll*t qnJ tbn nilrinldL fbla wmon tna 
2GEb ui Ahril. On Lbe raitm day loult plage, iii-.ii- t>nrb*m's- Sta- 
ll*n, lli« oapsmlation of Cl tb« trwju uader Um^rai Jobneton'* 
ViMntucird,'" wbi(:h L'iH-lAi hi J" did DDl Lllflllde tbfr Prc^ldtnl of the 
Confedfrat* SUI-h, wbo was rot " oodur (Jrni-rmL J oho Hon 'a »tn- 
nmftd," and wbr> bid no pan whatever in the travail ion- 



Thi CeptuK of JtflttMan Dent. 107 

L*«*Li>£ <*"*rJ Wil*on to eWrib* ifav dtino«iiion made of bis 
*wd troops, »nd to nciie Lbeir grtTmnmH a task which, In i b-j 
Jtbacnra Elf p.tij" Hither information, 1 can only pmilM tbat be bw 
performed wilb more fidelity hj truLli iban i* ribiblUHd in [be 
uiiirr |uir[» nf tun article — 1 nor pro oao d brii^y to narrate the 
fact* Immediately tabui^M witb tbe ™|Hiifp ol' Prewdtmi Uavi*, 
In iliun^ (bix, il vri-ll H*ifHc4 to repent I In- kij fcnijirn'n, ilpi-I. En gsti- 
mil, Mm- v.'iv >^. ■:-.!-, <■! ; L n.-iiTiLtivr |i n h-1 »!■■■ I iimiv ll l; .i. ;, y-.ir 
agjo (In lite Mobile Ctjcte of May 2rth, 1870), whLL-h probably met 
thn cyo of Iiiil faw who will be rendpn ul the preitunt article 
Proceeding In eltbereasa flora the ta.au pen, It will ba unnecessary 
lo (tw^nm* inch passages as uv repetition! of Lie him langqage 

Tho moTtiOMftts of Pre&tdenl Dari* and II* Calinol, after the 
wfraCuattoa of BiebnnOnd, on the nijfbl of lb* Id of April, an 
ntalod wilb tabilaBtial accuracy \a Alfriefid'* * \Ma ol Jcffrrwn 
1'avi* " — a prcal part t,-f (bcin in I be won!* tjI ■ narrnliv-f written 
by tbe lull' Mr, Mallory. SoereUiry ol" tbe t'oo federal* Navy— 
until Llm iliNjjiTJilrjN ui |ii4j party «t Wjwtilnfl^ri ^mrgi*, whor* 
Mr. Military |Mir(i'(l with bin. It Ih not nectMnry to flo o*er this 
ground, Tbu IhcldL'ntM, that M.iStnw frnve rant hwiii no we-IL known, 

|, || | mi-. H'linhli '. Li j.'i 1 ."- tlifcl Iim Ii-.h: nillliurity. J" 1 1 i-.-r^- in 

aly' iimtMU-racy or uncertainly, It is merely wilb regard v* mir.ot- 
EUBllct* ui d&tud. plaEL'>, hairteM, St?.. 

Mr, MjtLforya narratiTO mention tbe pa"P,^j« of |k* S^vann^b 
river " upon a pontoon bridge" iwbteb win really only a ferry 
4al), by lb* J'raidenl and bis t«ort, aboal daybreak «° tbe 
Boning ri ob* of lb* *ojdy days pf 3l»y The maiti body of tbe 
troop* < perhaps a thousand cavalry , or nor**) wbkb bad aocora- 
jrtninl Ibofla, wan laf^ -pnder ooiBmnml «t Remjml BrvtVioridg*, 
id lollow ■> soon aa tb<:y eould eKm* lltr r1rg>r r 1b.e J 3 res4dcol 
jHihlilnj( furward »i|b only a ft™ 1 fr?nirciTn*tP *( W* C^biott and 
jHptwnnnl i-Laff, and an escort of a rlhjjln company, eoinmnn<lci by 
Capluin Caiupbell h id ikv lilllo to^o h>| Woafa I pkH"i , in tttnyrgit. 
On Ulp wny h<< was inforir.oJ tlial Home Kudo-ml troops En tbe 
vicinity were pre|i«.ring w pttack tbe vllljijfe and PAptupu Wmo 
elorei wliluti bad been depositiMi tboro, And hit aeitt back a raes- 
HDftr to tfaa alSait commanding tbe advarj« of tbe troops left 



] OS JS&Mhtrn fititwftal ;$w£s^ Papers. 

At the t\Vit t Urging him tv fcOniij art with hi* egnnrnuml with All 
possible upcod. 

Arriving At Wjiahin^Luri, ihm PnjftidL-ril- iv»ft |i QgpJtqbly recked 
and onlnrtai acd At the house of a private fitiEcn, and preparatiooa 
worn made to raaiat the oapeelod attack an effectually as possible 
with lb# small force At bis disposal. Hs Won ohcertaibed,, how- 
«7cr h from tba reports of aeouta eenl out into the surrounding 
country, that then won nonu but small and manorial .iqtuidii of 
Federal floldient in thfi neighborhood. 

Menntinm, advices were received Iron Gen oral itrrakiiFhlga, to 
theeftec-L that, in the tlcrauralizvd <jfiniliilriii. of biu troops it waa 
fltmont impossible to held them together. They were de manding 
money, mid, bu ashed thai Ibo Secretary of ihu Treasury ahoald 
boehI sonn specie, to make a pai/tial payment to ihfl trunp*, hciplng 
by Ibis mean* to prevvnt a diwnUjgr-fttioa of the command. The 
apwie was Hent^, but the ttoojid did not conie forward. 

Under these eireurowlanc^s the Preiddfrntdeiertnmed to abandon 
the dcuigD of tubing tLe troops with bint, and to codpiiifor to 
inaho blaown way, with on(y a small pan;-, by 11 Jtfeur to tho 
Boutawurd of the \mtiA ui ike couutry occapLed by Ibo enemy k 
turoiw the Chattahoochee, It was behoved tbal G-enendt* Taylor 
and FomsNt w^re y<;l hiding the field in AWmnta and MUals:uppi h 
and tbat many soldier* who had not boon Hurreuderad and paroled 
In Virginia or Horlh Carolina, would join thane e«Fi"tinnd.A and 
might eojifltttuiu * formidable for*;*}. In the event, however, of 
finding the poaitioa in tboae States untenable, it was then bift par- 
pw* to crow the Mianissippi riven in the fcgpeof continuing the 
struggle, with the iWcje* yet free to ojrtrate id the '■ Trans-Missis- 
sippi department," until the Government of the United Pea tea 
should agra^ to aueh termR of f eac* aa would seeare to the 5 tales 
of the Confederacy at least those rights, which it had declared 
Iberv tvhs nf> intention to pnTnd*- 

Calling for Captain Campbell^ the President annOntfQed bla pur- 
pose and asked for ten Y«hnlwn*efthat-*mcer"u company, if lb ey 
were Lo be had, with the understanding tbat they wura to incur 
any danger, or endure any hardship, that might be neeesaaj'y ;. W 
obny wty order, and to auL n& queHltona, Tbfl whole coiupauy 
promptly volunleored wben the eall was made, but ten irueiy ueo 



The Qiptart of Jefitrsmi Da.\zi% r 10& 

ware selected. With Uicm, under tftnnn?.ni:l ftf Captain Campbell; 
Mr- RcnipHt, tVH-mastcr-General,, and Colonel WEIllum Ppee-tou 
Johnston, Colonel John Taylor Wood formerly o£ the Comfort* 
erato NiitjX and Colonel Lubbock, of Tcikjls, Aid* to tbo Presi- 
dent* hd Mtbt oil on bit jonrnoy Cowan) the aoulbwcaL 

Hon Longer bow far Lbey hod proee-eded, wo are. uaabln to Btat* 
with precision— certainly, however, not more thin a day or iwo— 
when they learned from urird [wrnarth m&t with on Iho war that 
Mrs. Daeifr and hur parly wore Ln danger oF being attacked, by 
Bom-a marauding bandiLli, composed of de<njrto™ and sirae^lora 
from both nrmins, wbowcro proTvlinj; t trough the country. [Tho 
Praeidont'a family, EL hhould bu nhdenscoort f had been sent, by his 
direetism, sere-rat weeka earlier,, from North Cai-o.linn southward, 
and after a. delay of some iteyjj a: Abbeville, South CarolEoa, bad 
pawed throngh VTaBhtngtc-n, Georgia, oaly a day beloro bis. own 
ai-tlval tb^rtr They were travelling fn nmbulfineo.q, fir wagnn? N 
under escort of a tow paroled: Confederate ^oldicre, Aiming to 
Wneb Rwc. Florida, their route diverged from Ma own, being mOro 
to the southward und It&fl- to the- wtmtwnrd,] 

(Jn receipt ol this intelligence Mr DavL* at Qnfce chunked his 
conrae. Ftmurf bi* *mnlt escort and already been doLaehdl to 
assist and protect- a quartern A&tcr"* train going Co Ibo aoathwaTd 
wEtb fia-me valnahle stores, With the remaining sEs, and, the gen- 
tlemen of b is- pera&rinl ataff already rnentwncd h bcatrack off i»i the 
dinnjtEnn ol hie family, intending to aee them iiafely thre-ugh Lbe 
immediate danger and thpii prouecute his own jonrney. REding 
raped] j' and with dot halting, they came, near midnight, to a ferry, 
There they learned that bin family bail oo*t crossed, and meat ha™ 
taknn another route. Here Captain CampusSt repotted the horses 
of his meit to bi> h;k haunted, and propoBed to wait unt33 morning. 
The President, un willing Lo wait, and attended onlv by hia srjiflT 
office™ and tflfp odtfired nwr^ante, pressed od by a bcEJIe-path to 
the snoad which it waH though* Mnt Davis" party bad followed. 
A ItLtle hefot-o dajLiEvak tbej encountered a fiai-L^ ut mf n en loot, 
bui vriih annmbcrol brldlen hud oiber taupiciouii- articles, who, 
on being quesLioned, n-M they belonged to LLa Thirty-sJsth Ala, 
bacaa nsg-iment^ and atated itini a party in whieh wer«i nome 
wonaeo and eliililnm wero encamped, not fur utt. U w*» after- 
wanda aoctriained that these men were of the band of marauder* 



110 Smtthem Historical Society Fbpcrs. 

who bad beeft bwrd of- TLe moon, wbleh Lad shone brightly 
during lb a night, was jimt pinking below tbc tree-tope, and the 
dark b*ur that prfreudusi iJm dawn waa probably wbat they wen 
uniting for. 

Kidine; on a little fnrib&rv the President waa challenged by a 
semi out on guatd in Ibe woods, wbow Yolce he recognised at onCo 
ua that of his private secretary, Barton N. Harrison, Esn., who 
bad aeeoupferied Mrs, Duv'ie- and fn.rniiy h and w» now keeping 
watcb far their protection from irncumem peril. 

Mr. I>{LtiM remained wild bin family two daye h until be bad 
reaflou Lr> suppo^o Ibnt they bad pa^oi) the rung* *>f imiirtdlalti 
danger. On tlis Dvi>ning of Ike second day (wbicb waa tbo Otb 
«f Mfiv) preparations weivi made tor departure lenmed iat*jty giter 
night fatt, whenCol*onl YY. I 1 . Johnston j-hjIu tinji-.l from a neighbor- 
ing village wilfi lhc roport that a band ol one hundred and fifty 
mon were: lo attack ibo fijunp tlmt night. The President, with 
abiding eqiifideneo in and atliiclimont for a]] whv had I.mjh.itv Con- 
federaLa soldiery did not stouH that, if any such were in the 
party, llioy would desist from the attack on b is nppW to tbem, 
and U*0u take, sides witb him Ln case of conflict with others. He. 
remained, thorcforfr, fully ooon'dent of bia abLlltj to protect bia 
(anily- 

Meantime his horse, already *nddl«d, itfilh his bolatera and blan. 
tot Ln plnee, *va$ Lti ebargo of bia body servant, and be blnmolf 
wo* lying clothed, booted, and e^on apgrred, when, a little aElc-r 
day-break, the alarm was given that Ibe camp way attacked. 
Springing id liia feel and stopping out of the Msnt, be mw (it once, 
Iro™ Iho manner En wbtoh the tftsiaila.iita were tlepEoytn^ around 
tbe camp, that (hey were, trained soldiers, and not- irregular haiJ' 
ditti, and reluming ho in informt'd Mrs. JJat'ia. 

As vrij have nftid, the Freaident waa already fully dreawed, He 
busily took Icavo of bis, wi£o> who threw WW bia abouldera a 
water-proof, eloak Or * rapper, either aa a protection from ibo 
dampness of the early morning, or in the bope thai it might serve 
na * partial disguise,, or perhaps ^ ilk woraaD-s ready and rapid 
thouf{btfulni'*s of its posaible uho for hotb thcwO purpnflos. Mra. 
Davis ftP&O d [reeled a lemalc *ejriint> tfho waa preaent, to lake an 
empty bucket and aeeQiAipauy biio in tbo direotion of the spring— . 



The Gxptitrt o/ Jtftrmm timii. Ill 

hie bor*e ( on tta« other aide ol lb* camp, bring «l off Iron aweea 

hj Hi* irU-rpunilionOt ibe **»LI*nt*. 

Hit bad adcant-td only a few *t*p» ftnm lb» door or tie isbL, 
wb*n he wu eb-pllengicd by ii mounted aoldipr, ■rho |nw«rHed hie 
carbine tod ordered bim to "surrender." The answer htjvs: ,: I 
never ■urfotiJijiif to a band ol thieve*." Tfa* oirhin* was Hill pre* 
tanted. bat tha man reiViiibui] ftatii llri^tf— it I* Ii-ili liiir in prc- 
<olnu ir«w im iin willingness Id hill lilajidvoraaiy — while the Presi- 
dent coflltimod l& edfAMft Thin wu not irom d^poratton or 
foolhardy redfCisssnca^ but of deliberate pur|WM*. I rake the rivk 
ol (rciing perbsp« n little boyond tho limit* nf Un L uu t homed um 
Of information obtained in the freedom of pnrtoad itfinJSde nw. in 
fbal, vita H» rapid protect ef thought and lormairoa. n| 
which aanaiiiaaa imkee pUce in monitnt* ol imminent pent, 
Mr. Haii* recalled an incident nf hie nw* viperienee thai bad 
oceamd ma^y y*art odor*. On lb? AeM Of JWaa Vima, while 
Tiding ilai*(f n ravine in Kirch n| n * lop* that Jiii h«-» -could as- 
cend, he was fired at and missed by she whole Irani rank of a 
M|imdH)D of MrsLtan cavalry on the treat of [be bank jibov<\ 
HemoinbGriog thi^ nnd obwrv-iojr that (ho man, who was finaly 
rii.iiLiicii.l, wan so near as to he egimtdermbly above him, be bad 
iLltlo appreh amnion of being bit K aad believed lliul, by taking fid- 
va&1 ange- of the liSfctt&mtoL o( the ahot, ho might eniily tip him 
frara the Piddle mud gel posaea*loii of hli hotm*. The feasibility 
of ibk Jeiign wu nni |g be tealed. however, for at this moment 
Mr*. L>*Tip, teeing only his danger, »nd animated by a character 
fotta and b*tp« determination lo than it* ran forward and threw 
bar anna aronnd hii neck, with ■mm* im puaioned c xetamalion, 
which probably none of lbc partita promt would be able w re- 
peal MfrMtljf. The OOlj hcpe gf Mrape bui I, | ■ r„i, | itpoo 
hri Peking lb? mailer Vj an immediate itaur, »hJ, hwiug rbat [hi* 
wait bow Llhl, the Prtrtideht Hiigpty maEd, "God> will be dace," ga 
ba quintly turned back and pouted hiiiim-lf upon ■ ffilLTi trw. Dear 
*bkh aeamp-flru w^ls burning, 

While thin* evenEA *"«rH> o«iirrir^, llipra hud been some abicp 
ArlnK uruund Ibo camp. It appeared alterwanl thai ibe iuMuilant« 
had bton divided into two parlLeit, and, ■iiproanhingfjiiin diderent 
direcKoea, had tpeonntered and fined apon «aoh olh ar b; miiiakc, 



112 Sntthtm Huttorteal Society PutpttS. 

kitting and wounding .wriTiil uf their own moo.. In Cb-n confusion 
ooonjO.neat upon this, uma of the ConfadcraC* party eftfajwsd" 
among tQt>m Cntoncl MTootL who af terwardH, accom panted General 
Ureetdnridg* i» his ntidloLifl. aid advcn turouw voyage in ati open 
boil from I ho coa&t oF Florida t# Cuba- 

After p*m* dulay, an officor with a paper, *n whis;h In* was la- 
king a list of the prisoner^ apfiTOAthod the spot where tbo i'rcBi- 
dent wan wining, and bMfccJ Lis name, 'lb is to declined to S' Vfl i 
tailing- the quefllkmor that bo raigbt find il 0<it for fa LnHfloLf, hut 
3Jr»- Davis, anxionn to -n^oifl £!"ii(f prvvcicniiun a* fur bjh- possible, 
garo tb« required inlOrmallran. 

IVbpn CetonaL Pritohard appeared upon tbc icom*, PrcStuHjat 
DavJa, under the influence of feeling* efclnmHy urtHMMl by certain 
indignities offurwl by flu.boYdin.atea, and by I bo diatroa* inflicted 
upon the ladiaa of bis family, nslJrcwod lilni will* souia asperity^ 
It would probably be irapoBaible {as it always is under tucb tir- 
ournaLaueea} lor any participant, or even any witoeto, to ™eito 
with accuracy tbc eonvenjutlun Hint unhiieft. I may say, howoeer h 
that Mr- Havi* Imls narer mada any complaint of the ianjjua^ie Or 
demeanor oi OoloncJ Wilchard t£ tiimHnLI ? partoaally. Among 
tbc remnrkeg Tuiniu in that, or some subsequent converBullon , by 
tiat officer, was ono to tbe effect thai, belling refit***! W aui-ronder, 
Mr, Dims bad gU&n lb& soldier who demanded the surrender tbo 
right- to shoot him — a rijjbt, under the laws of ™ar, (if wbieb 
President Da^is was well a-wara at the time, and which ba did not 
deny. Ac 10 iL* ea-nversatiou recited by Wi]aon h Colonel Juhn- 
Mtfjn, ii. Lj i— - veiy temperate, cauli ons, and coTsscinnliftui 1 HCatemcut, 
appended t4 this urlidlfr, *^e*» most positively that noaueh remark 
v,-|lm inintis (about Mr. Daeia h "garb," means oE " rapid Jtj^pirt^ttniv," 
4e. F ) as ta tbefo attributed to Color &1 PrLcehcurd. 

It won Id rrquirt! too iniiuli s|N±ee 10 point out in detail all t-hn: 
mi»n:pr*AQntal[oii3 in Generat IVilson's aeeonrt o( ibis afTalT. I 
RbaLL eo&y merely a panigrafili. After ouoting From tbo account 
gf ihs capture ^iv-cn by poll*rd p wLi\ alibon^h one ol tins must, 
viiukm and unBcmpiibo* uf PrtftideiH Dapia' eneraws,, has 
Kjatted the cOntOinnLible SeiLoin of the " petlicoat Hlory,'" bo 
says: 

Cl Jlotwcen tl»a two eiplanationsgiTori obiwo, nearly all Lbs trutb 
baa boon told, for EaTia wrtainly had on boih Ito shavrl aad 



Ike Qtpturtqf Jtffirson Dam. 1,15 

wftt*r-pronf, the former folded trianjfalar-ly and pulled down 
Ot*t fait bat, and tbo Utter buttoned dow™ in from and pow- 
ering his entire paraon rsecpt the feet. Ici addition, to tbi* 
ho earned a email tin pail and v*aa aceompnn Eed by bi& wafo 
and bis wife 3 * sister, one on t^cb aide, both uf them claiming him 
wa tomata relative and h^th itj- inij; to impose- him upon I Liu sol- 
dier* a* £ucl>, The aniL-le* of the diH^uiae are now in tho beeping 
■Of ibo AdjutanUJenci-nl of tbo ariry at Washington, and 1*171 
AMnrcd by him Hull thuy eorrtupoad in all rtsnpiiots to the descrip- 
tion gi?on of them. Prom the- foregoing it wafj bo bmti that Daris 
did nfll actually havu iin erimolina or pat tieoiiu, but there in no 
doobt whatever that b[>*ntig-ht to avoid faptiiro by assuming the 
droBH ot a woman, or tbnt tho lad ies of ihg party endsarored t* 
paae him off upon hm enptora as one oE LherowlTos, Waa thero 
ever a more nitiful lamination to a BtrttT of Irene b**ry and dis- 
honor? What gfeal^r stigma was ever flfliitMl to tbe noirnj of 
robol? Many loyal men bav<. declared tbnc Unrein abould ha.ro 
boon tried by drum-head court-marLial and executed — bat what 
now disgrace could ihugallowa inflict upon (he man who bid btra- 
solf under the jpn-h >■: ■• -I'litr, wbeo, if ov-or, be bLduH hare 
Bbown tbe conmgo of & hero?" 

With regard to the eraot form of the JhhIhI of the shawl And tho 
extent in which tho H water-proof <th " be ttoned down,' h General 
Wilson's aBserlioBft tuny pivMi for what tbey bava already boon 
shown uj bo worth, I have no evidence, and b»vo not thought it 
necessary to ae^lc any, as to Lbeafaape of the one or the diraeafliana 
of tbo other* Those who *ra enrioua might poaaibly aaeeriain 
something on the- subject by tmjnjpy and examination at the IVfth 
Department, if perrnitmion can be obinin,:.l ,ji' the Adj uiiim -<?<; ne- 
ml of" the flrmj^ who, aeoordlDg lo Gensral Wilson, is tbe cu.^ 
dian of the alolsti »rti<loa of Mr. DftvJ&' wonrEnj; apparel, It ts 
enough to knoT tuat thay woro borb nrlicleft whi^h be " bad lxcn 
aMUfltomed to w{j»r/ p Colonel Jobnmonj tcalifl^ in the kller sub- 
join cd> that he- hinapelf fend a " mater.proo/ M of CKactlj? tbe wraio 
aoi-t, eseepi in color f and tba.1 he tnrncd this over to Itr. Davi^, 
who wore it, aft$r hiH capture, to fritpply the p3aoe of th ft t of which 
be had been rflbW. The. vbry nnnw t (l Hagkn ") hy which Col, 
Johnston dftBirfb** it^ and by whiuh Lt m sornmonLy Jtr.uwn, fliiffi- 
oiently Endiculu its origin bud mv m an article of maacalina attiro. 
Indeed,, there waa no female grenadier in. ibo freaidpnt'a party 
wheat. «l™k wculd have haon eapable of "cotering his an tiro per 
»0n oxcopt the foot "'—bo being a man of nearly oil ttni jn bslgbL 
8 



114 Sbw/torfl BiMtorial Soeitty Fftpm. 

H E»al»o poailiTely uolror ibit he "rarrirf a •nail tin peaL" 
Am iliiaiij Btated, tbtft was * baek+l in tb* ba*»d* nf a c*lo™J 

female MrratiL, limn the n*rra.[*rt mU to bare iadbKriOHDattEy 
eanfutindtd with I'rwident. Darin, or with Mtu Howell^ (win w^a 
net in company with hira.,) a* it might muro n par-pote. 

But why thin ^tTHLHtent effort to pcrjiel uate * (blue end ftwIUH 
story, uvliin'U nM-irtnln bare beon originally in*ipn«i(Hfl.r M^Huitonal 
p(,ir|MHW" hy u newspaper cOFrenjrfmdprili ¥ Kvun 3f k bad bctfn 
Iruo, Llkoro vrmihi \<:iv Ui-e.ii nothing unworthy or dlncrmHtflhla in 
It. Prlncri mid nccf*, ^tateum m and "aj^r heroe" ai"l p&irio 1 ,*, 
in all age*, have held it pcrmiswi tile ami botiumtblp W c**ape. from 
captJTily In flay pniw vbn.!c*ei-. The- namo ol AtfrMl ban aerst 
be** Im* hnnoirJ btfdlBM b* toot r<4Uf« («*» the inrader* of hta 

coanl ry undrr i bo guiw of a cowherd, tt ha* ne»er br*n reckoned 
B* ft. bktt M Ibfr eacltrbcOR of Rieaanl t h Hrnr -dVI.rtb, that h* 
aurmpbtd to trade ike rt*flgtii.iioa of eaemiee (leae rcthltn and 
rindbrtke IbAh tfao*e of the CoaJ«tfral* PmJdrni) by aauming 

the K 'nrb n1 a pilgrim — hJjAgujA the arteinfit in a failure, and he 
wan delonlpd and jmpriinibed. Sat to ctEo Itio •core* <?t inataaeea 
oi h ILko Btii-L *eatl<*rsd through th* pri^*4>f' ureii^nt ntid modern 
liLni.H7.rv. I do lint And in our own gonefflllon auy deposition to 
Iratlijc*' 'In 1 rhnr&clar of a late PrutldunLol tin? United JJtpl*s, 
hr-U in Ititfb honor by a fire at many AM-cfkai" — a President from 
whom tioDeral Witmn held bin own nam miwiioii. — on awnqnt of 
a certain "Soottb e*p and cloak," which, according u> the turrenl 
aecounc, he iwhripI, on tie way 10 hi* own LhhiifttiratiorJ, a* a 
nrtiii of f*raping r*c*gntifoB by a band ef real or imaginary con- 
tpiratora, and In *bkfa bv alipftd iktoaph Raltlnor* andcUclcd, 
BBtt (In ibr wordp il Horace <Jr**l*r, wbo r n«T*rlbf In*, »ppt*«* 
Iba act,) 1L e landmine ly and lihc a bnn^nl fa^iLi-p-'" Par be il 
from nt, (n ntalialciry imiuti^n oi General Wil*on, to *n*cr »t 
thU irnJ&nt m the "ignobte" begin ningQl a hlnndptiiinsl admin- 
iatrmlnn. which was U> tin^ci «. -pkiflil tcFmitiatioa " aiuidnl tbp 
deH^rriLtkn nf n dtiy halloaed hy Ihff aanptity of cigbtr-en tenttt- 
rtan ol Cbrlntian rcT&ronCe. No Southern wrlkl 1 na* epoken in 
kiirki a pLFt':i oi the ik-parL^d Chiel r alllidngb kno^n n> uh whila 
livirjp pn(y a» Ibeehief of our fiw*, Tb^dSgn I ly ol dtalb, no [we 
than tba rwpect doe to the feeling d tbe thcunaniJ* of our 
COUTiUTTnrb wbo hold bie mftiiDry in bubvr, pro|eeu> hie name aqd 



Thi Capture ofJtjfcrsm Z*M». 116 

Came frciiri opprobrious, or vimlicti *c mpntion r Yet sucb I an if Li flute 
an tvc hare Auppfltwd, would bo less coarse, teas, c-hnrli«li h lew offer* 
aiTp, lew brutal, llian ihi? term* wnieh General Wilson e hi pkji iq 
exulting over the calamities oE an ilEualrioufl enemy, whpno repu- 
tation la dear to myriads of hiaeouiitrymcn. Ffix relations to that 
cne-my, as captor- lo captive would have erected in lb o boa.rl of 
■ny truly generous Ami ehivnlrrtmfc soldier a^ "blitjation of rcHpeet^ 
forbearance, jjcinlenesp, and coui-te*y. Suth a hoIJIlt fact* toward 
Buc-b a prisoner a sentiment which renders him a defender and 
prntvetor, rather Lbari a ikfun^r jind t^d omnia tyr- 

The term* |L treachery," ''dinhonor," H di fgi-ncc, " applied by Wil- 
son to Jefferson DiLvin, sdrait of no reply that I earoto make, and 
rtejniro none. They aro indeed '■ fiml. dishonoring u-onls," but the 
wnder nectlv not to be told it As it h that ihey dlaboiica 1 , 

Tbt length to which Lbia article has already been extended, 
leaves but link room far ihc r^TnAintki 1 of the story. General 
WiNnn gives a briel account of the march to Mneen, but says 
nothing of [he hnr*ex, witches ano" other articles of plunder 
seeared by the captors, of wlikfa we have information f'roip other 
BOtnmsH. It Tfmvt be remembered that all, or nearly all of 1,1"" 
thirl een private sohPierfl of whnrfl. hi> apeak*— ^f tbst *roa the cot- 
reel nnwiW— and some of the officers, were jwrreJi*vi men, nofcarres. 
ted in any pklaiion &t 1 hofr parole but merely acting a* an. Meorl 
to * party of wom^n And obihln-n, for their protection from the 
thieves and ma-randcr* who were ro&minjr. through Ihn torintrv. 
The horses of lhe*o rneft we-r* their ovrn private property, fieeured 
to them by ibo terms of their Bormender, This pledge was vjoln. 
ted, as was also tht- pledge of pergonal immunity — for *e>m* of 
thfc'bi w^to remanded into- capltrity. The- writer vf an account of 
the- capture In the " Allan lie Mont biy"' (or 5q5«m bsr, I9fi5 k who 
id tijunliScd hy General IVilson jih an nflecr of bis tonvnianrl^ 
uhaehlcB over tbo appropriation ol what ho etegamly nnx| politery 
Htylet* '*Je.fF* irinenand other ' amen i tied ' "^that is to ftay, tbo 
private atorea of 31™. I>[ivi*npd her family— fn>r Mr. JQnirn carried 
no stotr.B— in a t^nt ef Hpfjrtti-nj j-jcnLtjL[ion t a^it i.L were a wry good 
ibiiig. lTu tolls it in a vein that leniLndji <»n^ of Jlnrter 5luiidfer> 
desiro to have Mr*. Anna I b ng^ h^ar (h* rti|iilal jcka abnuat hia 
Fhlber'a IL Bta(Lling two geese out of a pen." Tim Name writer jjItc* 
n», in tbc same jocose t-c in, an acc^ynl of u brutal indignity offered 



114 Southern Historical f&tHtif Pttpctt. 

by hb "brigade bud" |d tb* illaetrioia prwiDer, ol which— if it 
mr etfoarttd— -lb* objwt of it wmt happily aneot-isioii*. He mbo 

If Hi u* t bat "Mm DmTU wm»*rry w#trblnl ]**( tome dL*ec*p*ct 
Rliuuld be ibdvo bcr baa-Wid ; " wbi-tejm tbe- true vod manifest 
nu« of Ltr ■usifrty was llio wifely ajipirhiMinion Lhal soma pt*- 
l«l raltfht bo devised fctr hin iv*»mI nation. 

^••'ikvral Wilxun Jail* En Homo r*N]?[H.!t»i (arjti hiroiwll jn-atite. Heh 
n'r^pllfin sf Mi 1 , Davi^ gn Iri* nrrl vnl at MuGLnb, wjw mora conn 
Icon* Aiid n»|KcUuE (ban he rtpwwni* It, The. troop* wan drawn 
■p in double Imiim, f«iri£ inward, ami |i truiim-d nrmi to the f.'un. 
Je^nUe I'n»idaiit ia he nuwd between ttirtii. He wunwdduc. 
■ . ! *ltb hit huwily, to private itmmpi .*( the boUl vhtrt lb* Fede- 
ral wontr under wjh Quartered, iad a tnvu^r **■ brmgbl, toqatr- 
ian w briber he preferred ti> ffl l] on (Jtn<-r*l UTHwd, or to m^ir? 
biu 4*1 in* iitn HpArtnenlfL Tb* tutit *m> lb*l be would all 
On Uifienl Wiitern, Uj whom he wu ajexordi ngly rondotted, 
(Then* wjiii ■ TT*»Fi far Lfai* ate of the oplton raffed, whito it N 
not neuwory U> atatr..) The HiTimMtinn that loHowed it not 
eorrectly reporled by <?emflr*l Wi^non, exuept Hat p»rl uf it r&la. 
1 in IT c« W^iLPmrn^whEsh Wflp.jnlroihci^l by falmHelf. TLoee wbo 
know Mr. Davis' katn menw 4>f nooinl an J oHolaL propriety will 
■int iii-mJ u, Ihi Cii|. J that what iii n 4 id H f [ Iuh ariliciamH upon tho 
principal (JurfL'dtinin: I radon i* purely ik ti LitHU, No each conver. 
ration nocurred, and it i* simply impaiMiHt th»t it could hn^s. oc- 
curred unJer the circa instance*. 

1 deny the BtiMmeat on tb* beti authority, but no minority 
N»l« tin of tb* moral e^idencr w^uld be mci Miry to tefoL* 
the utanioA t hat tb* Confederate Prvtidrnt cnuld t*lb to a itno- 
|«r ud an enemy in a atcm q| guifaiai; etmDden» whit-b he 
nt-fer InJuljfpd in mnTrrMtion w[[t bin own r*qvitiir frieDdB, It 
If but cbirily to prwamt that (Jenrral Wjleon ban tonfbiindcd 
i.i|innr.iii« attribulod to ilr, Davia by pop o l*r mmoi {wbelben- rriijbt. 
or wruri|L[) wilb iifijLjfirnTy Piprotwlooa -of ihein to hlntiwlf. 

Iik the pnurM oF the 3iiierv|nw, Uoneral WiEnon abriiptly nod 
rather LudalkiqlaEy Entroducod Hie nubfeet of the HWUd oAored 
by (he Prnldent nf the United Sum* rbr tho arnwt of Mr. Darim. 
■nd (be eb»rjj« igsin?t hint of eo*n pliel cy |a the aafta^i naibn of 
Mr. Lincoln, inqulrmij; w better b» Jiml heart of it. "I bare," 
vh tb« answer, "aad there ia one nan who Jcaowf It to be « It*," 



Tin Qiphirc of Jtf<r*m, Ftotm. 117 

■ Bf 'OO* HBO"* ttjWMd W}1»B, J I pfOWHBC JTMI MM ■*«* 

out narliraJar mail" -1 d*." a«*wtr»d Mr D**", **I ■»*»"* «» 
man t A prfraw Jobn hh] wl»a ligned 1 B* proclamation ; far kt know* 
that | would a ilmnttfid tlca« rattnW havo Abraham Lincoln to 
df*l ivllb, »■ Prudent of tb« United Slal**. than, to ha*a AfB." 
ThU win mid with Ihofull expectttJui lliU It would bo ruparttd. 
Tim PinlunnauL tlml ho c* pruned appro ann*ipnM*( th* fcbarfle 
oi fJWfoa, bh on* wbiab It would 14 ki- him -ininlilo lo improve/ 1 
li mmilfi'Mly ubiurd. For two yt&n ol irupripainnent, nnd another 
y*nr wliili- «i i had, Lhi: nirwi siroininu* rpWU ol Mr. D«i-i and 
bi* (HtB*U wor* la bring tbia charg* oJ Sr*a*ah io It* lmu* or a 
Irtah Tbi* l**nj« ii* tiowrniBtol ol the Uniud Bute* merer 
dared to ia^ft, bnt,. aJltr delay* and, poalpcMnniieol* trow, ti** to 
lirnv, and*f Mri«M prtteXl*, laaJly di«iila**d lb* eb»rg« will a 

Tta «**ril nawBt Cotoad Priiebaid * Mb wrreetly »*a*«L 
Jf 9 «j[prtHuUih of a tboae* of eniiodiihP or re^a&il of any W* 
tm mud* by Mr. hi*i*, who, from lite- llm« «l blp eapta™ to ib&i 

Ol' hln rtflea"*, wlhered to IB* d*l<?rminnEi«B to flJ* nflfAjJtl^ of hi* 
tuplfiTi; ii'ir did bo mj 1 or intimAt* to Garwral WUiCjh tbrrt he bad 
pIiuwii any liu-k of "JigriLtj 1 and BelPpownosaioUp 1 " W ortE'rcnfl "«- 
((rol" f«ir wivc-hlii*; naid or done at tl™ lime ol bl« wplurst. 

There a" R0 many other rabalulc moral? In Bfiiwral WiUon'a 
narrative that it would he; a. waaL* ol lime IP point out and bob- 
trtdect thcin. With regard to an* only ot tb«fo, t may »*JF t"*^ 
1* lac IfglJl^-or «.to*r nsder lb* abfrlftw— ot lb< l6*ompit»WB 
ikiilioaiiHM aJroady *ip«*d. it *ooW b* • *ftri ot iBj«uie«- Io 
la* pHtpIc vt G«*gi* to pn any allml^o I* *h»l (;*oer»? If ii- 
hr woald har* ai briierc *f lb*if i**b of pj-mpj,^b,v wUb tbicir 
Fn-PidrM *pd bn (kniiJy in the bour of ralamity. 

To rtr*iH for a monool He tbc ftmlipb aod m illRrmni '■ petticoat 
■totj," wlilrln wilb *oine tdodintalicnk of 1t* orLglnal drafl, &tiu- 
Wtlhim Iiili altdinplod, at ttiis- laic day, and In onjHu-itioo unit* 
B.low1y-«H«rninjj title uf ptiKw (md good will, to r»v|« and roc on ^ 
Uruol, It bn* ikQ pMipnort from any coihlumporuiry olHoinl ulalornvnl. 
ttrnt bai been jfipon. to tbo pnblie. ll bM bean roneal^ly *nd 
poaltiVi'ly d^nit-il by uyc-wiLfitJhiM on Lata aldcf, Ore ■utbdonial 
by a t-jjNtpral •oHicr, whitb too publiibcd In a Nartbcrn pap?r 
a law J*ar* ago, and b*» b«n copied nn>t» than ?ik« tincc ita 



118 SwtfAmt Historical Soeiffy Fbpevt. 

first appcnraiccr ^^ republish o4 in tbe .StarftWrn liisioriart Society 
Papers lor AujjUHi h 1371, The ^tatcmonl of J am it II. Jonca, Freei- 
dnnt D-ftvJM' pi>Uned vwicbirmn, nfrw a rt*pccmb1o vM\M.nnj Rakigb., 
$, C, reeenlly lepublinhed In tlicr 1'bilad.elphia 'fifties, is tlear and 
fcjiLin^tnry nn the «ami point, allhonj? b it tm* bohh? mhtakc-ii in 
nanma of pei-jmnn, plney*, &C,— *h might bn «x|rtc-c.M (mm a wit' 
neaa of limited ■adueaiLoii., alter «o ion^ a lapao of time. Appen- 
ded, nUe h will In fun rid iiilorevllng letter* from CoJ"i»oU Wn. Pnt- 
ton J&tnihtoin litinl F, fi. LubbMli, (Ex-tiorernor ol Texas}, both 
OJ whom woto aids Uj President Havio, and both in company with 
him. whrtn tipliircd, mill ilEhh frrtiu thti Hum. GiM>fg^ DaviF^ of 
Horth Carolina, who m a memberof hia Cabinet. Colonel John- 
at*n'* lotlflr (from whitb w>mc piwxagW of ft nUH^ nnm&ual la* 
torest have b«en omitted}, is singularly dear, iiiapan9ion.ate, and 
Ujmp^rBio jn lone, und bear* on its fnco the imprctw of int^SgfcrH 
:li..| i -m • -s:=CSn Lir>iLM irulhJ uIil£:vl- liuvvrnOr Liibbuc-k write* mom 

briefly a ad wiili freer expression af Lonc*t indF^nftlion h but iho 
two ulRlomonb* (made witbout wnj sort of oancflri) fully nuiifirra. 
tauili titliiir. Mr. D&Fift h Uilier — ruceLvtd after I lie forej^oine; naT- 
mice waa written — BnbBlautiaUia all tbat bas l»en said eh lo flvvnl* 
«*(irring ul tots limo ftf the flvjwmUiOn fl Jli<!lnnOnd. 

Still Inter, but entirely independent of all other evidence, baa 
*fipp*rv^l tl>e letter ol tbo lloa. John II. Rou^an. Confederate Foat- 
MBMUr- General, ]iubEinlLLMl In thn,: PliLlniJt;3-|:ii!iL TYuLKJ, fihLirL'ly COT- 

robDralinptba statements hereunto apncndod, and gcirin.fi 1 emphasis 
(if tbil w^rc possibEo) to thflir exposure el' tho nrUnilbMnflu* of 
General Wilson's namitiro in Jta beginning, ils middle, and iiaend. 

W. T. Walthai.l. 



Letl*r from Colonel William Predion Johnrton, Lite AW to Pr«mwt 

DitIb* 

LSXISWTON, T*., Jviy 14(A, 1&TT. 

Jfr^or W. T. WAtniAtL, Me&iit, Ala.: 

M.Y DiUifL S|fc; Your luiur hkn ju.f.LtbHi& to bun J, and t reply 
at oti-co. Wilao-o h * tnoiiograpb ia wrHu. i n with * wry mrfiiig dJtt- 
niKJt, «r4 uy miy »Jtrti^. It » iii □<> HenftG h&tQricai. It lwiai'9 upon 



Tit Qtpiuj* efJtffrMjm Darft, im 

El* larajdl tbv marta of special pleading. II r mair*. *% matters 
of fart. hHtftbrrlcm crnrgmaUafoi whifb (OuM 11(4 be nf bi> awn 
kna-w Irdgt , und wbicb br must life [ucIlm] up a* rumnr or men 
£UHlp. ftinglp rmnTf ol tni* wrt an bli-niuhv*, bnt when they 
are Kroupud and lined a* I±gi and arLfjuoam, ihej btoome, what 
yon truly mil \bvm t "calumny." 

Pot Inwtanae, Hit, Tiuvi* i- r4ipn.iMmii.ul uh I i.>ji vk<i lc R itfbinond 
with Mii- Prrnkiknl. Sly rtcolloclion i" Ihtil n\i<\ 1>|V lomQ wcrku 
boiorabftn&i Btwkinridgv JuJt on horseback, bikL Vfc.ni t*> General 
Ltt t rejoining 41 r. Davis ai Dnnv LLL>. I d» n»L dentin tbjil dW the 
■iMMBt of "tbu preparations for flijfbi" in purely nrtiiioaiv Hn 
Statements! Ibr mndilJoD* ni ihti #rnoi«!k* U IocmttOL 

Yen will b»Tr tfaa h»|« at oar rrllrel Hid Capiatr from nuiny 
aooree * . Mr bwt pbkn is io i«Li yoiiooiy what 1 know and taw 
ipjfr^EI ]|y tetlfmony is ebialy Htyafict, bat in no far a* il gp*& 
wjII [■ruliKtily ij<| jou. J£y BodwiHaMJirm «ji TlnH wi' wf*rv to 
purl wtili Sl«- Unvi*" train on lh« morning of the fnh. We did 

DOE, a I'll tin: PfCBtdanl Continued to Flilo In lhfl Ambllianrc. l£o 

vm" iq?k pmj h j(wnl (teal tshftiiit^l, but wa» not tin? mnn t* fa; 
flay tiling elIjijUL It* Tlia day p'bVitiiii lin linrl lot IlLLlr Jftft, about 
liih l>orrin({op* al a mark, and bandad ma one ol tbo unloaded pin- 
MjIn, wIim'U lio t&kiji tan to carry, an it in-commoded liim. At ibat 
time I ajioke tu kim about the nil* o! nur train and oar roui*, 
about wfllea 1 bad not previously talked, m fan had uid nothing 
aad I did not vwr to forw bii coondaBM, It wm. bowcrcr. de- 
fiantly uDdviwtood tbai we wen g°ipg to Teaaa. 1 i bat day Mid 
la hit* taw | did sot bcliarv w* could get won lavosgh ttiras- 
sippi.aad tbai by rapid movfmfnu and a bold attempt by n 
Irwn tb* Florida eoaat. we mm mon Ukdtjr to r**cb Texu lately 
and [iromptly. |1« replied : "It la trma— awry m-^m in Miiujt^ 
•ippi hiviiwa mc/ h t also talked i#tt b Jod^v lleagan and Odootl 
WimmJ. en thi*> u>pi(r- Tbc iin[iiv»inii ml un m j- imn mind ^m^ 
b(n*B*cr, that Mr. DavtH inlatided lu turn w^ihi, ioiLth of Albany ; 
but- I bad lin daAniLu idcR n{ U\m purpdnn, wlmlbor i^jjo by am -or 
laod. lodwd, my scop* ot duty wbh pimply to falluw jiiid ebey 
bin; ■!* J , «o lehg ■* I vhm (.-0D*u3ti"il r I wjw wp|| paitlcnt to do 
laE* and n« mere, 1 connVaa [ did nut harp }[reat bope* ol t'M-ape, 
Il k' 1 '■ ■' approbeniiaTc al Ltn limi >■! t?apbur^, a* >»ir - •■■■ n-. i-.-:i 



ptck<4 men. thff* explicit IbaL do federal* wtre war tad thai 
pkrkct* weft oat. Both of llw wnrt "rfara, Ob tbe nig^t of 

the 9th 1 wa* *rry much worn oat with invrl ir.it watching; and 
lay dn wn *t lb* i~>*al of » pin* tic* lo al*ep. 

Ju»l ill j^rttj dawn Mr. DaviiT nci-vaht, Jink, awakmed tat. Ht 
**3J: J ' L'oLuiiul, dii yon acnr that flrinjj?" J B-pnuifj up a»d esid, 
"run and wufcu ibe President." H* did mo, Hoaring noLtiin^ us 
I pulled cm my bouta, I walfcfd m Ilia (.•niiip-fliv. hum fifty or Luso 
■lopi nfT, and noki^l the eoolt if Jlta w*b mil ininUKen. At IhtB 
engine ni I m*w <n^M or ton men cUbi-^ 11 ,!*, down ibis nutd toward^ 
m». I ibnnjfbi. lIiwj- were- ^isemllR*, Hying to aramptde the stock. 
I nit lo my Mddle r when I had ■Je.pt, and btgaq qnlwtemng the 
bolster i" r*l nut fi.y r..T-,'v,- hut th«j «■--.- too quirk for mc 
Thn* nan rode up mil dVmnndcd: mj: piped, "iitli , u hkh> u 1 
gtrt tmi. I grave up to lb* leader, a bright. *litn, aaldieHj tt])<>w, 
dr*t*Bd ib C«<ifodrr3tc-gP*y rloi.be*. Tit urn* nu, I bdtau, 
captnred Colon*]* Wood and Lbbhurk jimi ■Hit. One gj my cap- 
tori Hhrdc^.'tJ ni« io tbo camp-fir* and mood jfiianl over me. 1 aQap 
beeama aware that they *er* Federal*. 

in lit* un'Biiliriiv tho firing worn nu. Aii.it tihtiiLt t*p minulcs h 
twi njf !■«• inorp, my guard left me, and I widki'd wur to Mrs. DsviV 
tfliU, about flfty y*trda -off. J£n. [In*™ wn« to grnm ifrrtreEih 1 
uuit to the IVfUHdonl, who im nilling UHLttidc tm a camp atooE ; 
"Tbla tn a but buiiiieea, jit-." He rnpliod, mip|HHin^ I knew about 
ta« cirx'gm*tanewof hi* nptura: " I would aatre hft&vad tb* i*n^o- 
drvl off bi> ho™* pm b* cam* up. bat »Ar c»o( at na aroand Lb* 
arm*," I understood w bat b.r ouitii, ka* be bud propped u> di#- 

■H4>qn| lb« InwpOT Bad |jet btl faorw. fof br bad liu^hl ox ibo 
\lVk> I Iii«fc3y rrpHfd: :t U w n |d htTt boctl liatlnt," 

Mr. ]>»T ia in dnetaed u npnal. Hi- lnu) on ■ kniL woolen Tjwr, 

which ho Hlwayji wore at night dor nparal^ia. He th»™ ravaSry 
boot*. II* curnpLaLncd r^ QliUlirifw, nrnl "aid lb«y had taacn 
mvny bin rl Haglan," {I betteTC they Were prj enlled,) n ri^bt irquai- 
cutmm or ft|iriiPtorereotti, Hain-rHimon rjalled a "waiBr. proof." I bad 
nne eXaally »imilar, except in color. I w^nt to look For it, and 
clthar t, nr umne oue at my mijinnMi, j^iirtd if, *bd ha ware it 
afterwanln. Hie dwh wb« aot reelond. 

Al 1 Wu kwjkLtijf for fbiu tdat, tlie dring ilLLL cumlrnuiiig., [ m^t 
annsuiUcd «9t?«r, who, tr ( in ant mi*talcflo. wu a Captain Hod- 



The Captkr* o/ J*f<r#m Anfe H\ 



pan. Frelipg (bat ibe cinta wm Iwl h anj pot wiahing 
blMxiibed, 1 tald lo hiu.- u C»pl*ln< j-oor &t»n in Bjffatiog act 
olb*r a»*jf yatider." He aniwer#d «ry |»*ltiJY«ly r ■ Y*m bar* an 

armed WWOll," 1 replied; m Ypb Kbv« H?qr wbold UbIBJj; I Anfrw 

your nifii Rtv fighting each other. Wo hav* nobody op that eido 
of Irkic mIoukIi." He ihvn r«to olf. Colonel Lubbock bud a cod- 
v-1-rHim.LiJii in'iirly iJontical with Colfttipl FrUohard, who was not 
polkto. I h&liav* r You can Learn Eroin CoEonul Lubbuek ul :ili ii. 

Mot Iodji ftflorwirdfl, aeeitig Mr. David in alternation wiLh in 
ufttaer— Celon*l PrilchaTd — £ went up. Sir. I>a*Ui vriw denuncia- 
tory In hiii remark*. Tfco pcronuL fll'ven by WilaoB fj iibnl&tt^ 
*Xv*pt«i imr m* Mr. Davia' wmnfk in £4nc*Tft*d, that -Ibrir con- 
datt tu oai thai of grnilenK^ bqt mOa-it*," Friicbard did cot 
nuke lb* rtplj attrit>ut*d to bin ; f roqld uw k» thai, My re- 
collation ii thai be *sid in wbMaace, pad m in ^Hcquthj nuBHT, 
■'that hP ■ Unviij. i» a prisoner aim) rapid afford ui talk m," and 
walkad away, Oalonrl Hamden't maimer wm comrflialory, if h* 
WM lbs other oAk'tr. I J I am not mimjikeii, the fint off*n» wu 
LIj mJdmi.Bjii|f Mr. Davis u "M,"ofMiiHi mirh mij* familiarity. 
But lbi» you cm TtfKjf. I irivd jnsl after™ nrda to noetic jit SJr. 
Duv-im to i hu nitration. 

On the roittp iu Mfl*ort h tbrw day* nJWwnrdu, Hr». lJ#vjs. com- 
plained to mo with jfwat. hLinsrnpB" that bor trunk* bad b&e« ran- 
pavked. tbe tunuftu LRkcq ootj and tnmblod buk with ib? k»vc« 
»LH'kni£ t« Hum 

i had not aaet Kr, D»vij' rapture. I wu with bini qatil w» 
vtf« parted at frVtrwa Muniw. P^rwaally. I wa* LHat«d; *itb 
aa nacb Wa p Kt at 1 carad Oat. Th* «B)««tni **r* rmthcr gating 
lhaa othf rwiu, aad ulkc4 tm\y Soma war* «oana ipe r, m4 
lalli*<l dj flVTTjtfaiog^ but I pktvt AfjFvf fli Mr. U*Tin' ill*^d dia^ 
gaiw a mil I uir ii ja » New York Herald, Ibe d«y ] f^oL lo Kort 
l>cl«viBT>'. ] svj,- as^nisbei] aadHvnnqn^ II an a fal hJi ood. Tb» 
hoxl day ! km pWnd in *o3ilary cojili-m tim itl, uml reiniaiivtMl ;iicr*. 
I do not ImlitiVD it poBuiblo tbat tniM ttb ilaynuoutd have b&en 
piuiud witli our eApion* without nh BiliLHinm u* ji, j| it bad not 
boou ail nlti^r-ihoiigbt or uomL'tbin^ to be k-apt (Vum n*, 

* i * ( * t * * 

Torj- niDtcrtilv yotira, 

W«. I'aicrrDM Jotivnoa. 



122 SoufAtm fitetortcal Society Papers. 



I#tlr-r from Ei.tfOTertior IsHwlu of Teuu, Lit* Aba la Fnaldnt 

G ALVESTQS , JwjNJf 3d, 1977. 

Mdjor W, X, Walthall: 

I)K4Pl &[R: Your* Of £8tb tnnn<: (0 bsmd jl rtjiy gr lw4 niii™. And- 
Ln£ me ooile busy. At the earlieat momc-nt I peruaod tba article 
yon aliased to in your lelWr, which nppcart'd in the JFee*Jy 7¥m*J, 
of PkjiljiilfL|»biA, of Jbly 7lh> ll does rfcally Appear thst certain 
purtivHj wilb lb? vicir of keeping themselves before the public, 

vllt OCimiriuLt {(1 '.vrin': tb* WlflSL tiafle, ealildflJifobiii, Add fiHuiidorOUH 
ai tk'luHt, L'jLlrul|Li;Lyt in ki:*p (.h^ yvhujiiiJk uf lliu piuiL b]3L»n imd :■ :n-. 
Sb^h n wi'iUjp mow nppvniv. in General Jnmc* f[. ATM Wd 3 rf koit* 
sole aim rfeema 10 h* that of traducing and jniareprofte-nlie^ the 
circumetances of lht capture of President DavJe and hia siuatl 
party, who, ji would nppour. wtpo pureuod oy some nftecJi tbou- 
aand tfall&nl soldiera, tominaodtd by tbia dlatiuguiHhed gubura.!. 
1 aha.ll k i Jt^o it to you and others better -qualified than myself, Id 
reply 10 thin "Cbapier of t,h< ljiiwriu^n History ol Ibo War" I 
b*vo luh, bi>w^vur,to a*y: i Soft Kit- km md wiih Fre+idcut Davi^ 
in the waiuc car, and from lb at day lo Ihe Lime ol our separation 
(be bring detained al iortresa Monroe and I aont lo Fort DeJ&> 
T**rv}, be wjuii HcRrccly (jvcroiil of my *ij?bt, day or night. 

The bight before Ilia meriting- of oor euplbre, Colobel WillLum 
P. iohnat^n slept very near the lent. Colonel John Taylor Wood 
abd myaeli were tinder a pine (.roe, sonic fifty to one hundred feet 
off. Our c*m p wjis vn rpriwMl j uht a ™ h JJo before day, I ^as w i tb 
Mr. h:r,::- mid luH hiritily m. :t Wry I ■- -,v ri .- : 1 1 .■ -n I - , .i i ,- 1 ii .- \ ■ -r ■ ! e =i 
aee anything of an attempted dis^iilae or escape until after £ had 
been confined Eti FortrN:la.wnTnj auroral wtfuk^. I tben pronounced 
it a. base fabvbboodi We were guarded by Colonel FritebauTa 
command until we reached Fortress Jioaroc. I talked freely ^ilh 
ofllPC™ nnJ n»cn. Bud bu m'l Ogepairtn did I hear anything oi the 
kind mentioned, 

J udye Etonian nn J mysolf hrvJ flntwroil into n compel tbftt e?o 
wuuld never deaert or leave bim, remaining tn eontributn, il pouai- 
ble r to ilia woLL-beitifj and comfort and Nbar^ bin: iciTHtuins, wbnujTujr 
miylit befall. My bcd.-Hislo, Colonel John Taylor Wood (one of 



Thi Qipfarc 0/ Jttffrstm Data. 12S 

tbobra-vcSt-aTid purest of man}, bzii'Lri^ been a naval ftffienr of tho 
United Stuifft, and having been chared with violating tbe rules 
of war in certain ciLpLiLrvst mmlL', doming it prqilont to make his. 
ncapi', informed me of hi* InLuurJou and inv!t*J me- ta Aceginpany 
Lira. I declined in »rju| my-wli of the lavorable opportunity pre- 
aented, telling hira of toy eompjwt witb Judge Jftcagan. lie did 
oacapo. 

Tbe conduct cif thfl raptor* on that occasion wn marked by 
anything but decency and BoMlurly bearing. TWy found no 
arJuud tnijii— juy recollection is tbal there kjl^ not one amied 
man in our camp. SJt. Pwvijj, Judjje Houpjan, Colonel W II liana 
FrcmiNiv Johnston, Colonel John Taylor Wyoil..* yc-iicig gentleman 
(a Sir. Eitnwfl|| h of South Carolina,) who escaped, and myself, 
cormLitutcd tbe Fmaidtiiiil'A pnHy. Cnfoncl Harrison, the prirjite 
ifrvrniinrj: n( the President, nod a fun" purrtkd floJdietr*, wert wJtb 
Sir*)- Da?ia and party, protctiLng thuir little baggage, ■£*> 

["|.i.i:i ;!ib.itijrtbe camp, tboy plundered ai-d robbed everyone of 
til and every jtrtield they eon Id get bold of. They stole the 
watclma, JL-weiry, money, clothing, &v. \ believe I wn* the Only 
One of the party not robbed. 

The mini mid patriot, wbn a few Jayd before wa* at tbo bead 
of a jioTMomohti wa* t^oKd by bi* OaplOrs with uncalled for 
indignity;, oo ranch do that 1 became indignunL, mid 111 e'jmplgitfly 
unbin^d And exasperated thit [ lulled qpnn the H>tnwr* toprOr 
tect bira from insult, threatening Li.. k:EI Uk- iiui-u^h [■ngujired m 
suet uondiiel, 

I t-an not ace b^w Air. Dn*k e*nld *peak of Colonol Pri whard or 
his imnnnuflii with Any degree of pfttLuhtie, ae .ve all fanon 1 ib&t 
Mr*, Davis tra* robbed of ber horH* (n. prwfcnt -fpom tbv people 
of Rk-UinOud), Tbe money that abe sold btr trJiikau, Hilv^m-.-in^ 
£*,„ for, ^as Piolen, and no utTnrt waa maf3e to hnpe it returned to 
hoi-. Time and time again tbey pttnn ifred thai \h« wiUcbwi Htolun 
on rbftt oeeaflion nbtmliJ be ratarn«d, that the comdiaad would h. 1 
pah>led, jin*j! ihe stolen property rest^rod to tbe owtiei*] but It 
ttss never dono, nor nny jutflmpl made, that I iran r^ull to my 
Olnd. 

A Captain Douglas At"L& Jndgo liea^an'e wd.dk, and SMd it 
froiA ilie ilay wff w--cre raptured. 

Tlioy appropriated our ho j t w urd olb^r private* urO[n:r(y. But 
if by dwell upcui chm wnjicbcdly d isagreeul*k subject? t hope 



L24 Szulkrm Jfittorval Sxitty F,i f *T ? „ 

•od fns Ibat tb< whole ira;b will tenc day b* written, anil 1 
ftfl maaittd *(tpq tl is dooe w* of iKr Sooifa Till mod to all time 
• Tladi«t*d people. A* for him who It I be Urgrt for all oi the 

■lltnUi wnbbtem, and of iIoh Qpacniputaui and corrapi m«n 
UflfiK an the nbuiu* helped upon lb* Etamlii-rei fki'ple bjr lanning 
the einbon of ibe liua Wf r — wlu'i bo I* iponB hoin licut* bifcLti#y 
Kill write bim AD suns of the Iraott Add partial vt' men, * dignified 
and buld rtoldi&f, 4n enlignUniQd tnd EuLellljjvhi hiniiamnn, n man 
wliunf whalis aim. waf L<» henuttt li i h rami try mid tile people. 

[ know him wffIL 1 LiVo bnc-n wk£b him under all dniam* 
ttaim*, Hid bn*c ever four J him grind and traa. How wretched 
(ha iptrit thai will continue to tttduL-a »urh a man ! IIqw DJHr 
iblj roaltoiptibl* Lb* party that will wtu«* to nwiijrftit^ lu'lt a 
nab m « ciiijwn cf the eounirj in w|>em« defcne* hit best dajr* 
w*r* ipnt and hi* ht*>d Irwly npth.1 

I b*T* lbf feeder to tot, 

Yours v^fj- rMpmfeUy, 

F. B. LrseocK. 



U4JW from the Hun. {fum-pm P»t|i, fito Allow; -Oittra! pf the Cea. 

federate Htfttm. 

ifUjftp W. T. Walt*au.: 

I '•■■** !*!■ Vniir Savor r' -t.r lltb all Mid -in ropy of th* 
Philadelphia. '* J^uks" mn) dnlj renind, bai njr aagftgnnvata 
with the courtB hiTv preronUd *n r«rl i«r p&ply- 

I regret t bit I on pro jtm bal Mil* ihlarmaltaa in aid of tb* 
pttrpM jrao bar* in tniud, M I parttd inn Mr. Datitaqd the 
rrpi of He Cabinot at Chtrioil*; and tho urnti7« of Pinitll 
WiIh-ci pn-fotaL 1 * 10 dt*l oJiiqfly with went* wfatch occurred *(ur 
ward. 

J wan tn| prChunL j\l tbo Cafciaot meeting on the flr*t Suiidur Id 
AprJJ, tfiSS, when Iba Kilogram wju? memkud Irtini lienors I Lee 
nniiciuiicinjc lb*i bia linen bail been broken al tutdrahuf*;. I had 
that day attended eerric* uL * ebuf^h to vrbkh 1 wu noL in th* 
bablL of going, uid in Eonseqiienee did net recniv* Lb* ueMagv 
aolll *bou[ 1 o'floet r P.M. I wqbL irntu^linJtely u> Mr- U^i* 1 



The Gxptun 0/ Ji#fl-«KL Jfeiew, 125 

ofiice, And round him miosis and calm and eiinsjjgaad. a* nun id. He 
inforntL-d rtit of the ordere that lund. be^n giwn and tbt disposi- 
tions made for the ovacuation of IliebmOnd. Alter hlutui c(niv?r- 
ftatirm T IcfL. to make, my own pre-paratio us fbr departure, I bo* 
Havo tbat ATon lite intantixy *f Northern bntrerl has iiGfut- -doubled 
Mr r Dnvin 7 wurag*i ; and i*f Lainly no.nu wbo know him can doubt 
hi* pride of personal character. And these admitted <pnditi-e* 
wcro quite eufficteht to piwiflarvo trim, IVora any unmanly display oF 
weakiiefta, atie-h aa General Wilson has pretended to- rdaU\ A 
brave man may bo nnpcrv'-td by A Sudden mid itri-crtpeetcd danger, 
bul never by a dangar tbat baa been anticipated and prepared tor 
doring tnauy weak*, (as Sir rclato*}- During iny intimatv misucla- 
tion with Mr- DfWto. 1 hate aean IlLeti often iit circa mslae-cca of 
h>jc L J-Hj iilc iiial and excitement, and sometimes ol imminent dunger. 
Especially do- 1 r^^dl thjLi uiliei- Cabinet intiitiinf which was in- 
WrrupteJ by tins iaiclligenta tbat Dabipron ^an- at the ontworfca. 
ol fli<;hmond h uitb nOLhiisg :u his way but a raw battalion of De- 
partment clerltft, And. never yet h&v^ I 3unn bira "trcmnlQun and 
noiviiu*,"" a* " without ML"Lf-po**e^icra and dignity," Aitauredly, 
aucb language dooa not truthfully describo hi* conduct and de- 
meanor w» I vaw him rid the fifot Sunday In April, 1SG5. 

Tbo iiiiturLiLriatt Are always in Ibo wrong; and tbo men &f the 
Confederacy have- bad littta rcsusOn ?u expect hiagnabiinity, oreTen 
fainicw, front their- ftd veraai-i &&. liut a generous tribute ot respect 
and honor baa been nniTersally and ungrudging;'}' yielded to their 
women, And tbu snider, proteasing to deal with bittorj% why 
cjnium MuHleicntly belittle a #roat uncmy vriihciut inradiTtg the 
aancllty oE bin home to h«ld up bia wife in balF.anoerinjf, half, 
complimentary eoritraal to him, dona not commend himuc-lF to tbo 
confidence of an impartial world. And the jndgntantoE Ibf world 
in this instance will pnilwhLy Ik: a near approacb to tbe trutb | 
for th<i "-giitrg}' and dntermlnatin-n" tbo "rage and ilinp.mi(j!ciL- 
■ment" of Mru, Da^i^ ao prjLpblc-jLlly dohcribed by (l^naral Wilson, 
aro nil pit™ JlllSoh. Tbat admirable lady bad left Richmond J*om4 
lime b*rbro tbo eTacvalinn, ^nd wnii then in Sonh Caimlifta. 

Thte oniidid noldior ftLrthcr aaya: "' It i* atated, upon wbat 
apntar* to bo flood authority, th*t Davis had rajiny we«lca bofnre 
Leo's cnlaflt raphe maile L iti> laont careful and u s :ic Li n ^ prepura- 
tiona lor bis eaeapej, diicusninfl the matter lully with bi« Cabinet 



136 Stmtfunt Historical $xuty Paper*. 

In nroToflod Mcmcy , ud decfdibg tb«t. in order to umi« ibc 
c*c*n* Dt binumH Midi fan principal ottecra, lie ftLcnuMioab ibaaid 

|„ ,,:.|.|,.| In ,-iji-t-i.:? <fci*tHjji.*! i>l Ki.!ii: k HHitc \i.e Jugi|iv« 
oo boini," The** orrttra w*m »nt lo the rotol tTui»t>F niaiiy diyj 
ImJrm- L<"l-'h luiLtd Wert bt*Lrn,' r 

Who lb la "j;o«t authority" la w* are lull to roujceiLure; but 
Ben pritf. WLlnnn huiiMilJ iMr^Hpr:ii?ihlo lortW n»wrLi<ni that 'Hheas 
order* wuri! hi'hl," M ho dnv& nal ft_uot* even n dubious authority 
for llml. Wn* nt* n morii during nine cmunl ^ivim to a crt JmIoob 
Wur|d 1 Air* Daviaand hift Cftbini'l tivlv mp r.xir^nnjlv eOiiMjrned 
Tor tbelr [wfhciiibI saitey thai they took lb* «m* innpo*aiblc my to 
pennv It I Tbe Shenandoah wa* ihi-n Bad Unjf tail been,, an tb* 
brand bo*npn **f the Pacific ««nn., bunted on ill fide* by Federal 

cnU*»T*, »hJ with&ttl * s^tigle friendly ywl IhWbkb l» *lmp BfT 
pibcbor. W«* ih**# orders «*nl arooad tb" Horn, or areH>nd. 
from T<*a*T How Lung *raui<J it fcrnr* ukvn ttwm t» 6 ud her and 
brin K her Id the C* IS J of Florid*? And hutt long would iht Fc4- 
hi! nary have pvrmitud her to remain I here wauij*^ i-<r ■ ibe 

Aftm»i\ TIil- tmrralive duiLa Lai pum flclpun, loo absurd far the 
wlldftH or^bi'ky. No «ucb nnleH woro luued. There wen no 
diMjkJtoloii* Id [tie CubillGt, Jiu *4M6Jill mtil aftBbLlhg UirtSJiiii-HliQftfl 
fur i'Bi'ii|n'," ittiil ii m pr?[i5HTiti«[** of iin^ kiiid tiutil tbo fall of 
PQlPpnibliril rendered there beCti«*ry ; and third ihi? anxiety wis 
lor tbe pre* nraliun. of Ebe trovcm merit, and mit rur the safety of 
it* IndiTidn*! member*. Etay by day, |nr ifi*n>' nuinlh*, tbe Tsrj- 
bi|[ IoiEbom of ifac Coniederacy w*tv tbr pbb^ct iff gr»re and 
BtaxitniP dfEiberat]oe» in ibe CabLavi. Use brfrr was t.b*rvahj 
plan pr*tpo**d, or any toggqlioa mad« T or *vtn ai naua] nnut 
lltlpnHl, rrpiid i h^ lb* ji-rr^hnaJ ^»iVty ol J Mi nflk^T*- B*d as> (ien- 
eral Wilton may tfiiok Ib^TD, Cbi-y wrtr nrltbi'i n-ili»b enough nor 
p^Wnntly diiOBj(Ii t'ui- Lbal. And p,N tg Mr, IXllk'is il "fB" rf *JI ^pwi 

111 ItirbmonJ I hi ut his unDetertfir.j- and ret'ttlvM fX[f^urritl hiui&dr 
wri Um vBiihp d] /p-iNjcMiru Jiml iJH'm'-L r(iPitoiiriLriiiii , *i« on tht part 
Clf UlPL i ■ ■ i-l ■ 

Tbo iioMbern |Knpktriiiirin|ifij in nrnn, Inn Lh*<y ran never .idd 
tn Hm kIi:i-il'« Ol' lbal triDmjih by uhib-avirin^ La JupmcdAie aiid 
de^r^de the muB ^boot tbey jourd It to illfficalt to cnria.iier. 

V T ery reHpecLiLillr yirlMt*. 

tiiWfcflt Dj,t'ti. 



CWrvctvji 9j Gin. Axdcratm*a Report <ffjmabm\ 12? 



k OffWllrti *t Kmnl Patten ,*a*r*w** Krpil of 1k- BatUe *t 

jH»nb4ni T n Ua. 

[Th» fcLLowirg IfHflrt *Kpl*i»l tbenuaLYe*, ami in i'bw rftilljr |ki h1i*b*d. 
Betid** th*lr liintorio value* lb*y Apn mod*!* of Kridj^rJv rourEmp which 
wUiliDI- Iro IM warmly eflmmmdwl Ut ally flim innjf lutvii mvMum ta con- 
trovorL iLMaluphla Idudo by plhcra in infantum* to «¥t1ll» of lb* flT.J 

Lrtttr ftuii tffut'ral i1i)[frit, 

Clay/tow,, Ala,, i*ppfmt<T SI, 1-8TT- 
*m, J. Wl, Jaji**, Secretary, fc, 

Uui Sin M j atl*»iioa hu br*B ariled W ft r*p**i of the balUe 
of JmnIom'. Gl, w ibc 31st Ae^Qal, ISM, V U*a*n4 P&Uoh 
Anderws, ind enpeuudlj In & stalevwal * Web, if MiTered io pau 

QBcdiktHl, may do injustice m ibe Qifl«n and own of llur Thir- 
teenth LouiHiano regiment, of liilNOn^ brigade, I ?nn btril hulIM 
it by I'upyihjc tram my onq r*|H>ri ui" ikuL bftttk, written a ftw 
hIbj-h after 

Thai It tuny bo bolter understood, tol ll 1*0 rvunutiibered ifcat 
Uenornl Aiiuurum uammand^J ibe (runt lino, odihjhjhhI ol !D»tt , ] 
HmtiLlty'jt, and #birjy* bHgsdGa. 

Tlin woo no or Tinpiwrtiiij; lin^ ■?»* ^tunniBiiddiL by myn+Jf, and 
wm ronpawd of Gib*on r a brigads in the wiUfv, H«di*ela*a 
bngadr rl'ulanrl Bdlb. J&BC* WHjra*nd'iBfl) Oh thr fright, Bft'J JtlD- 
nrB>ali H t brigada* ol AadjHMPB'H diviiuu-, on lb* Irll- Sure*!*' 
brigade, ol ray diiision, add Lha.1 roofjiiiijc br*n wit Hi report to 
licncraJ Hf«T«n»P. Irmbe* la oar lull, arid Stktr* had S*rc ral 
day • bt&re W*n pwni [u iLob-tfe. l'r*par*tory to noting forward, 
brfgAdB porauiiti'l^rrt had tn'cn mil rutted tbaf thry nhtrtlliJ halt 
beyond eertaip eatihworita And fallen iimbtiT in our Iront. to W 1 
m:i i In* n I i^n int-nt, before morning, t* 1 th* a*a*ijll r and cbjit Ihoy 
WnilllL be H« J-eLuhI liy thu UL-nLru. 

" W bt-ri IhL* i»l nl vim r?achwl, mui hjt ibni Lhn i n-iv[ii ki Lbe front 
line were ilrcidy iBlhnf hai-y, bo J Iflariitu iinnjflrtL on ray own t 
Mid MeAeg, bIm. now ib»t. t b i: jit tut;k biul Iwuun. ibe> iispyriiij** 
pj preMkilK il ll OtICO, 1 rud* iurwo.Td aud urdi'ii'd llu' wbulo divit-JOD 

t# tovro on wilbrol balling. 



148 S&ftAtrn Historical Sonify Paper*. 

" Brtgaoitr-tioneral Gibson, wiling the colon of on* of hi* n^v 
mint*, d**b*d to lb* IrooL and to the Trty wot-k* a! lb* cnctny, 
Tbt* pandect created lb* gr#al«*[ c-n l h u»i n«m 1 1mm^houi bk en re- 
mand, wbicb *(**in^ ai in It" vn gigcinwi'i ol Uiu l5&Eb of Jqly 
[>ri'YHin*lv, MOwl upinat a mlknl In flu- i-rn'iimx works. Thf*. 
gallnlhl brigade losl half its timnbrm. and nqn Anally ilrn'PFl baft," 

Till" van rey official report ilh t« thnt brigade, written a few 
dnyK alter Lbc, LwLle. I rtgrot Una n porlbn dE il it last, or I 
wo-ithl smi lo*c iL Aly rotoHMlton ol' bPnryLliiiig Uml trunin-i^cd' 
In chat Ii*ll)o in sLill tk'nr^ eipoc-iiilly ii" U> tin 1 pari perforraGd by 
G ibton 'h brigado, in J every ponitm of it. My ovq ay m b*tpt vr ilnq» 
id 1l» nplonJid t.mduL'C. fro-m lb* beginning ** th* cloaci ll sap- 
tend Lb* jpnt ol the enemy, und orcvpwd tb*irtNia. ™r V* anltl 
over* brlmiug and jflmnDf nnttn tortrJ ikwir abandon meet. 
Il *m handled with shell, mi) foggbl wif n the acrw«n ol deepe- 
ralton, To* lining may protest wiib eoiindtfne¥< ■ijajfa'it reproach 
for the conAuci at thai day, and the dead may *<■!! dely is 

Sow, u Id whM General Andpnion nayn in rf pird » tb* Tbtr 
teen lb LniiMara, 1 elate, without *|urdii1rji.irii», In- win imposed <jn. 

Il* liRd b»n rorariUy paw* fo enmmand gf h^» JivLniflla. H« wa« 
fvry badly wou tided and carried fmir iliv iWld in Lite ixiar, where 
In* wrote hi* rapou, without having 1111 opportunity to Correct an 
erroneDtn iinpreflflioii rworcd in lb* h^at »t a. terrible battle, 

A rending ol bin report show* thai he made Lfaa atatemetit eorti- 
plained o( id i4ttf doubt as to its accuracy b (free November num.' 
ber &tvfA*rn Histerital Sbtitif Popttt v page 301), I am upland 
cannot be fhlttaken ae u what I »tat*, 

Tp go ■ little nor* into partkalai*. G*aeral Uibean lert my nd* 
wb«i bf rode ibrougb bit brie^de. I iviiB«jd*tclr Hit a staff- 
eflrtT wiib nrdtr* to General MaDoe^ulla brigade, and tdyadl 
ttd^areondlhe rigbt uf t;Lh«>n> briffadp in Irunl of HollEclairV 
wbepn I mol General Andenan prwipiti^ fntwaFd hi» atfn men. 
JUra I nlnu del GcHombi Eranllrv and S|mrpi\ 

I iinli'rriJ il diH|kMii|(nn in protect oiir vift\i\ Hank leet »*migbt 
1)ls ihke-n iinimiLr^H In tbai dltfl*iitj<i f mid we. wwoall eo^o^wl in 
urging Fur^TLirct thv troops on (jibjon'n right, 

Thu Idft of llolitelaw'fl brigade wbji mLtr«rlng lurribtj, hut the 
right, though fully on * linv, wm svarcflly (ingnirad, 

T'.. I !. ;i-i > --"■*: 1 1- Alabama 'a^- ni- ■ftfftlty • ■ i - -_- 1 -jt . J ji, I piThapi 
mffrr id u b*dljf as GLbaOni'di bTig«d*. Them *«r» men. lyioj here 



fbme&an of Qa. Anda-stm** Nipetrt of JoTu*t»m\ 129 

•Jid ihnw (*nipillr POm^ied bebind p)lc» of r»rt», ahd in ibe 
rile ptl*. hat in do- tenstdenble number, f'rcwn lb* time I tuel 
(irnomS Andrnu>ii w* ****■ not f«t»ntHl oftv habdred ?*nl* F ftftd 
•it no time cut of light of *aeb other. J?o part ef Glbnon'a brigade 

when we both full In iwcdiv steps of *n.'h oilier, 

About ihU ll&tu tiibttoa'a bri|*adu (HI baek, a* I afterwards 
learned, by Ut« order 

t w-il*i hi n hurl and. wdkitrL t« CJ*;JicPi*l Andaman, whti vw home. 
dStttnly moi'nd oh" th« fiutd. How (inner*] AihIjjtwhi «u« lo fall 
into error in repard la tb« Tni rtwM 1i l^uihiitiiK. [ h&w no rariuii 
bi knowing; bill chi» I du fchOW, (irbrml AhilfctilOti would ri*ft 
from hip ^rtve, uf he bed tto power, to pr"»'?i»l en injustiw la * 

IftArKi 

Thr Bayard of tbe "laador IhTtn " may l»a»e ben led inU 
u »*riTir. be conJd not purpoac an injniim, 

ll 1« • •irjjijljir htvucr^iaii c« ihn m portion ul ibiL eananuid 
trbirb ndt| dbtifagii3i.aed itself should n«ud or Men to need ibi* 
• I. I. ! -.'. Hul J will not krtOfaJii*. 

If vtoniN Is dcrtsxulftl for ibis trcrnrbiink-Atlun, or, II the speak- 
ing iii' my own opportunity for knowing whereof I lu«lily shall 
provoke n critir-tBio., let m« a^y wiili Luicurniug modify, thut itcra 
ftt-L' nantt living who know whother thin i» irtio or IuImo, bat per- 
haps none who pan so wn:11 ttmiiiy ui unln- |njlnL In ihmii-u- qh ttiy?iEf. 
tie who ti mi once pnimnu.Eidi'-.l brav* *oldtarn ebould yiv* *ltf*pLc*s 
tIuILp lu ihcir buaor. Xor eaa hecvertliifl the rv* pon nLhiSiiy oi 
it* vjndic-ilton from ■eprTriPO, *-b,;rw« ar bow^i-r-r route- ea^ 
dally Hun ii wu mil ikai ■■( k'ti from Ibmr heroic alragglc W 
the JJrtbK, ud eii lee dead recmd in djr»»f . 

U. D. Curvur, 



180 Southern Jlisttnical JSwfctg FaperSr 

Letter Uvm General $• Dv Lw. 

OflM-'UBUH, Ml£S,. (/flrttiafy S3, WJ- 

Jlfci?. J, Wh. Jov-es-, 

fitcrttirg Sqiilhrr* Hirtori&il J&ocitty r 

My Dun Sik: In the Hoirembor number of Ibo Ssutfi™ /Tt*- 
tan'ettf: Soeiif)/ injurs ift General PatWn Andetfaon'n. report of tho 
battle of joueabwro'. There was no mora gallant and honoroble 
soldier in tbe ConrederitU; Army than PnttOn Anderson. He waa 
the p**f ol any iik chivalry ami honorable bearing, and would 
hvw given bin lift ralbcr tbAts intentionally havs *vrong*d An 
individual or a rr-gi m e-nt of IroopB.. 

A* to b.h iniptL^L refleetino on the Thirteenth Louisiana^ I have 
jiLHl thtM tft nay: Abotl the time of the meide-p' fluted of tho 
color-bearor of tbe Tbirtaentb Itfitoiana, General. AndsniBn wm 
ldi-rlb!y wounded in I be faf* and paaaed immediately by ra.e being 
borne from tbo field, A more painful sight waa seldom seen. 

I cannot bi^l. be-Tie™ tbo genera! imj In error ife to Ilia Tbir- 
leonth [.ouisiiiiiBii and beliera that hia ihswnC* and diacance from 
ibu army on (WCcmot of bin painful wound alone prevented a 
further enquiry and corruetion of thin matter, and. knowing him 
sin J did, 1 taka Ike liberty of writing thia letter, boliovlng that no 
injury v*.n noasibly befall lhc? memory of the lamented Fallon 
A.ndert*b. 

TltnoTT that G-lh$oii h d brigade (the Thirteenth mn one of tbe 
regiments of thai brigade) «*a aa gallanl aa any on the fiatd fl( 
Joncsboro', They reached and for soraotlnae itflSd In the works, 
of the enemy, and the Mist of killed and wounded (about ono-hnlf) 
attested their heroism and ahouEd viudioatfl their record on that 
field. Possibly tbe Incident might bav-e oaearrcd nftor th* with- 
drawal nf the brlgndc frfm the work* of the enemy, where, they 
toal half ot their rntrrtbe.r. All troop*, undiir sueh terrible circam- 
a(ane$, are a H&tlo ^altered, nnd il inea.nircH. time t* raarrinffl 
thenij ind tbt color-b<?irtr, from axvewiw. gfilkntry or cxclIo- 
wioot, waa no douhl neparate d a M»K3rt ttLaianco from his Mgiraonl. 
Jint 1 do (data most Linijihaiieally that lha iaeidoot (impliod) 
tfllamd ifttbe first and only timd I avor beard aught ftgainat any 
mnn of Oibwn'a gallant IiouiHiaoa brigade 



QaraHon o/ &tR. Awkrxtm's .Report of Jonesbaro' ', 1S1 

] h?m' Lhtm around Atlanta md in Hood'a Xasb villa eanijuiign,, 
and I fcno^v tbut, ftn eona-nllalion wtlb Major [joncm! Clayton, I 
cksiEJtftliMl tiibaon/fl brigade to cr*5* tho Tennessee rkar hi opou 
bouts, in the pr«*cn**j of tbe enomy, opposite Florence Ala,,, and 
a more jpLllfl.nt crowing of may ri^er wA'Si n-Oi mudc during the vrnr. 
Tbt enotny wan euppuwed W ba Ed larj;e lorco, covered by the 
bank3 f but GibftGn jlchI bia man never enquired fl* to r uni biam whim 
tbey wHira ordered lorward, ht"1 their gallant bearing soon pat tbe 
enemy's E-barp-^hnnietfl to flight and sccorvd n good orosshig fof 
L*ro riiTteiona of my corps, 

Ac ^"nshville. wh*rt Hood woa defeated by Thorns^ dbaon's 
brigade, of my corpa, vns conepiciiOUHly poatid, on the left of 
Piles, near Overton 1 1 ill. and f witnessed tbohr driving buck, with 
iLo m«1 of dnyton'a division, t*vo fhrrnidable aaaauica of tba 
enemy, and ray corps repaired all allAokallll compelled to retire 
b&eauao tbe t'.To c4rp4 an ray left bad given bjwk anil the flntCnV/ 
tcm already in my rear. They vtrft rallied readily, abont two 
inn I fiit-balf inilta in reaf of the original iincjby brigades, and 
divisions, 

I recollect, near dark, riding up to a brigade near a battery and 
trying to seize a stand of colors, and lead Iho brigade against th* 
enemy. Tbo color-bearer reluned to gi*« up hia colors, and wan. 
tiiwlniittd by bid regiment. 1 found it it as the color-bcuror of tbfc 
Thirteenth Lwus-iaiitt, and it v^a^ Gibupn'ji Louisiana brigado. 
Gibson *oon appoareJ by my *idi*. :1ml in my admiration of aucb 
conduct 1 exclaimed: lc Gibson, tbaeearo the b*>H mtn I ev&p fvw. 
Yon lake. tLcra and cbe>ck the flaerrty r " tiibaoo did load tbem and 
did check tbe enemy- 

This, incident ought to eatisEy any nnjm Ijlt nf the TJiir-Laant-b 

Louisiana that that regiment \t pa as gallant at any in tbe service, 

and it afford* ma great pleasure, aa a comrade, to ^dd my rttiw in 

tbair vindication. 

Tonr* truly, 

S. D. Luk. 



182 Southern flisforfcat &»wty Fstptrs. 

Ltfltf 1 rvwu A+neral R. I- frlbs*nu 

Wa&hi.notoSj January 22, I&78, 
ifeif, J. Wm. JojfEa, SK7rtartf, 

JMehMWd, Tii.,' 

Dear Sir: My nltcTHtan hat Imjgfi cwlkd by a member of tba 
TbirLeen lb Louisiana re^LtiK-n i, writing from New Orkiinn, in a 
CritHiJsiia by Ci*;iiOP-j] Anderson in bis rc]wrl of the baltk of Jones- 
boiMt", Gil, Au-ium 31, lBfl4, piiblmbcd in tho Nov-cmber number of 
tbc Staff Acra Httfuritsl J/flj^^itt, tbal mighL ho eoiiBire «l to j-jjfl*et 
upon t-iiiL rtgltnent. 

It will bo obaerrad, by rtfl-cring to the roport, [bit Gettoral 
Audotnon, aappcMOft hie u^n rjoifbt a* to the corrcclneB* of ibo 
informal! on wltkb w-aa inrjitHhiMl Mid, and on wbieh hi-. report in 
baiwid. It ia, ind-eed, extraordinary that [tcihjtiiI Anderson Hhoittd 
bflra permitted bimnoM lo have hiiliI h -vronl En criticism of » regi- 
ment which b ■ = l-: I norvod with htm on so many battle. Sold 9, aud that 
hud aliao received from him Ibclughem praimj. 

That TcgiiPHjn t wiih Lei ijiy brigadi- at this bulLlo of Jurto*bor$', 
nml I fb*I il my dmy to pul upon record Lba fact that it bora 
itself io that N as ll hnd dena .>n many historic bnttk-fkidv, wilt 
dietiTiguJsbpJ vpkir. Il w&a commanded by Colonel Fianeis Lea 
CnntpbeH, who. Jiko General Anderson, went down to bis cjravo 
bearing HO^oral wounds received tiodor tho color* of IiLh regiment. 
il j- brigade eonsialed of the Siatcootb and Twonty-fiith (eon- 
floltdated) L-ouiiuiiift regi-menW, Colonel Joseph Lewis eomnmnd- 
ingj tbe Fourth TjOiIlhLhiia regiment, Coloitet S&m. E. Hunloroom. 
maiLdingj the Thirtieth Lonisian a regiment, Lbv Fourth Loni-siann 
buitahonj, and Austin's hhltttlion of ebwrpftbooieim, Major J. E, 
AuBlin coEruiiiLndLtijf. end Ibo Nineteenth Louisiana regiment, 
Colooel F. C. Zatbn rit eom man ding- 
Colonel Lev; in, nt iho liLid of hia regiment, waH killed, aword in 
bnnd^nt tho wort™ of the enomy, Colttncl Hwitvr -;s*i ncjif di.-jirij, 
with Liu noble regiment, drove the eaemy from hia position. In- 
d-eod, vvi-.i-y regiment did its dmijr in the bwjuiII, m v-msj <!vid*T»«d 
by tbe fatt thai the brigadii IohI more tb&a bait it* Qumbcre, and, 
ob i. remohab&r, was complimefHod bj Gtneml ClwylO", (0>PTFi#ti£U 



|nf tb# 4t*tiion T who wp* «p eye-wELBM* tt (be imuIi aad {net 
ibrw bom* En lb* *amig* r riding jm oh lb* rlj^bf o| the brigade, 
Ferbape I re*y be permitted to rtlar*; # c ire 1*11*1* be* ibatotxarw 
red an anatbrr fleUl r ami rbai will iUnilrale the metal of (hi* rrgrj- 
WitfiL At IbobttUe "jf NaahvilJc, where Hie army mut wltb a 
dEwulef Mtd *tm in retrtat, Fanner'* battery •km, placwl m [Haitian 
on Ihu (like djh| ortkred to Sus over llu* head* m ihc retrcatiag 
inMtii* Jpr inoruE ufTcet- AVhen LL wil* ^Iinltv.kL Umk iLt cnnjmy 
*a* p™wJttK ,d«w< Heitei-al gtcyiboti U. Lee JcnircH infantry la 
driwp him tuck . 1 1 irn found 1I1 &l t]tn n'Kime \H . witb ibow a»o- 
ntatod wiib ii, wur# fanned jp, reg^'ar order ju*t In lb* rear of ibo 
tttMarJ. U* rod* tip 14 {ho wlur Itfir, r .,[ ||,r Thirteenth Lott. 
i*i*sa and ukd. "Gi^e n* ihnc «iUix t wJ»b total thiir*gi- 
edcik n «d brigade tadrrobatk iWmfny." Tb coE«r-b*arer sad 
oBMfi rtpiicd,, " J«ft, pn fra l h hHMK u rw*n 7 l * w|hmc y«ir- 
«cll in thai w m j j point in ib* direction, you d««j ™ tbew colon be 
be bumr h in>l We will cany ttsai Eurw A n| d* tu-iif j> th.-n- > a 
<hrrd at ihrnn or a ninn lcft. ,r {r«*nera1 L™ Lunicd «> tb* write* 
asd, Haii I : h 'TKv*b aro tbe beat, men I W* orrr «wn." The enemy 
"wa* rlivrbj^cK 

Till* rinKiwrm wiis out of thft flnl to emu tiuj Tumiaflseu rivftr 
nn Hid nLkniiL-4, of Hood's army to 3Sum|i vi31«, nhtl wa» (ho Lust, as 
the rear |f itarct of Lbat army, to hs*khu, It on the ntmrn, nod fired 
111 It 1-L Httt- in regular lino of battle In tb« lam Atofa oi tbe 
t'niirisli-racy at Mobile. It* ncard !■ u» well rauhli'bi-d to nc*d 
dcletavr nt Eli* bil« d^ir. 

rr (iMemJ AnderHn tr*rr H>™ f b* wwM b* eM of the opp^r- 
tnlv tooxawiK* im tbe bypocbn teal rriiklim wbirb b* tuta, 
ud wpqld r*c*il wiib prjjc ( b« natLnjr oooaMOna an wbkl tbis 
nfiowiif bwl rervjw«d ntn *q«iiainm» Iron KU lip*. 

T*iy ndrKcilullj-p 

R. L. Gibsov, 



1*4 Souikr* Historical XxVfr Fk/HM. 



Hrf4Tl *f NtJ*H>'^ril I!. U. i lirloa of llaHfc of Jc— i tr * 1 , fib 

[Frtfift origin*! Hi*, J 

llEAnQCJUlTEHa DLAYTtlN'N IJJVJUIOST, 

EH 1I1K FlELP. 

JtlaJuH; J hAtu tlit honor lo ihaTeo tha tallowing report: This- 
divlntfjiv wa& tmiivfd from Eael l*oii>l on lb? win hi *»( ilm 30th Aa- 
giiM, and after BBOSweilinslj-ftnigiiingintiMb. n'«cliti<l Jonc*boro r 
■boat tb*< middle tif the. day or the 31»i , llwi- n-un^ jiboui tw» 
boon, 1 rreeiirod order* Irora Ibc Li.Ijco. I'.itninandmjr to a*nd a 
brigade to nrimri io II* nera] &[«* citrtn , mad lo mora cat lor bat- 
ilr. t via dirrtted to form ray two nataling brigadr*, Gib*o*'a 
ami rTfrltaelaw't, { Brig -Gen, SiotiU haT»py been vm to report lo 
Gcotnl 8u*fP**P,) in lb4 f<r«mJ linnM on lb* fitfbt of General 
Mwnifaull'a brigade, ^hkh »» *1w plaerd unilcr my rtntmad. 

Between 3 and ■* P- 3*. the fwut limp movwl out of the brtaet- 
w<irliN in irtpVi) Lke allaek. flavinf a considerable quantity gi 
brtith wcod lo jjjo through arid to jmsx oeer Hh* lininmwurkfr, bt>tb 
ol wliirli I know iron Id create/ ^*>isS unicm In thu ]ini>, I ordered 
thai It ulioultt bull ad soon a* Lthhutild rwu'li the- op*n Held beyond, 
iiiiil K ttVc ""■■ ordiir to rao?4 forward an 11011(9 ah ilie (mitt line 

n ..-,.. 3 A |...rli-ri nl Lhcliit^ in front (crlftrd If IWOee forward 

with great reluctant*, and wh?o I bud rtaobed th» point wb*rc I 
bad dlrtcttd I be alignment to bo nretifieil, J (rnmd. ibat many ut 
lb* Iroop* Id Irwnl wbo bid she n *cp.tc*ly onrfatfrd lb* enemy 
wan cnmln-if hark, aad tone of tbeta were fagtearoring toc<m«*( 
lb«tn*d**t Is Ifa' gallic* of Ibe old If Id, Franng ifae effect of 
thip Upon fry i^wn men, p.rd Wfinp, dor thill llie ■Hfti.-L bad fairly 
bfRPin, ■ be ini|Khr[ine*ol prtw-iiig it at one*-, I rode forward and, 
1 <r-l ■ red 1I10 whole command to mv*v on, Bripj-ti^nurnl Gibson 
HL"ltlo|{ Ihr aotoirt of otic of bin re^imrnfn dahltrd to tbe front and. 
u» Io tbi> very worka oF Ihu ensmy, Tlila condnrl CFfftt^ft tbe 
gn'aleNl oiiLhitHiunni lhOtij;boiU bis cOhimalKJ, wlikb again, aa In 
the eiixagcmepit ni tba 2Sib Jnly, |ir#*tefl*J^P intmEloncd, morud 
againil a mbrnt in tbo snflm>'& work*, VntlirLiinaEuly n la^o 
poF(l*>n of bbo whole c-oroBin-nd. «itippvd Ln Hi* rifl#-piU of tbe 
ncny, behind plica ol nib *od m. Etnee ninninf setriv ppr«J]el to 



GwTirtfcn of Qfn r Andersen's Bt}H>ri Qf JmcaboTo', 1$5 

■i i-=i bwsanL^O'rka; Abrt \(y \\>i$ CirtHIJrtSlailM 1 DjUtEbulA th« fitEuro 
Lo carry ttao works. ^«tsp was a ehiiirgti bfcgun wilb such antbu* 
at&j&fti (triiLirijiWHi *vith noc*nrc|>li!jbtiijj eo ILttlc. This giUtual brl- 
tfadu lost ODC-half ils numbers and w*h dnnity driven back, afl 
wjlh al«rt ^fiLiupiTilt'D upon tfa-a left, tloliiclaw'i brignd« f Colon*! 
iinah, Jones comma lifting, wbieli, tst^pt its- kft, had not btcii ho 
wnrmljf ^Hgnj^cd, TFBS BttbBequontly wiLtadfAKn. 

11, ft. Curro*. .Va^r General. 
Jfajor J. W. IIatchfobe, ^ J. General. 



136 Soultirrn Hiiiarical l&KwJtt Papers, 



AJiNurv- ThlhvlH it lm ttrmlnltiTf-tu*- cif .Swea.ilon, Wjt, an J HiTwiitrwr- 
IJOii, 1 ' lhjr UnitruiliMh'ni'rjl ICii.lunl 'L'rijlnr, 

tit* f*lfcnwj*g ntr*BJ*,l ffef*u frGHft fi*ft*f*l T*j-I*r"* f&M Irf^hniiwJ 
F.,A ■■•!! I- vr' i Iti nl^r"i ■»!. ■■?! »-.il .'t. It I E'-i::^ i.. «- :K* 
whalfr wr»rk. Wf puhthti without not* nr *DflHa»m of oor SW» F Mid 
Filhoill, flf Offline P*|iTi?P*i<i.g NH J 1 'ijMii Inn m lO Ihn jU;<Ineu uf toftie of 
I lie kern llinnlsof lb* UiaEinguJ-OipiJ Author.] 

Tb* Tall*j tf TlriWb 

The ujrKnt Valley of Virginia waft before in in nil it» beauty. 

Fidd# uf wiiH'&l spread lar and wide-, InLarfljmnii-d with wwHilniidg, 
briftbl in their robe* of leader gre* el Wherever appropriate nites 
rsiiifd, njuMiht ohl mill*, wilh tnm(B£ wbevli, triv biuJIy grind- 
ing thrt i-iTf^ioi]* yfur"* harvest, and, Ipom ^pnv* ami r in indict, 
itaowwl wmlortsldr* hwracalittul*. The ayil vnrital influontHJ abed 

* IftDgUid tfww&s OVGf the nc*ne. 

Tb* theatre of vii in this region wa» from Siaanlen In the 
P^otnv, iin*- bnnJnwl and twefliy mtEfSt wi|K HI ar«?T»g* width 
of WDIv tWuHLV-flTe, and the Eblu Rnjgi*nhd Alli'j;ltany bournlcd It 
east and ivcsl. Drained by tin* ftheiiandoab wllb Ida amaurotic 
ftlBuenU, \hn flqrtumi w|4 nowbeiw Ait but ■ *IK-C*fl*ion tif ^raiC€- 
ral *w*Hii, ort*ftioti»tly rwBg Into abrupt bilk*. Re*im£ an line- 
■toaa, ih#*oil wsih pr>^]iLft i?o, e«p«Lnlty of wheat, lad tb* under- 
lying mi'k |u tn i-bi ■■ I :il Iitmt im-inl fnr lh« iTnnimctioo of ruuda. 

Frequent pitMMor jj*] 1 " in the? innytiiainh, ihrnu[f L mhicb wapou 
"** bad! Uwd «0bi|n»U«4. afforded ca*y HfH front cant and 
WHt h and, ai hat fcwti Elated. ]-ibr* were •Xevttmlt (kwegb an* 
metaled rofirffl becaim* henry ull.-r niii:v 

But thu fjlorj *4 Ujo Valley i« Hawaii mi hi. Itis-h*^ nliruplly 
from the plain near Han-i *u«lnirg, iirc<p.iy dr* miU«* nortb -of 
SuDPituii, lhii lovely m.ioat^jn oxitads filly nil>*aad a* *ndilenly 
endiii^nrStriflbufj*, I'urnJIel with Ulne Ridgo n.n-E oi equal bH,gbt r 

ill -li.M|. | ■ - - ! L U: ;- l.f.M i. I ■■ ■ i- ! I." I :^ ii il l|!. r ..' J! I- ". • 1 1-.' -. | ij. ■ !l-J ,'. I . -,v | ■ i S« 

tbo abr*nitufi* of it> nluppas g-Jv™ th* appwiraoiju of #ni*t*r altl- 
l«dv- Midway of &U<Mnatiiu ■ - , gap h »tTbrd« r^nmn.nication 
brtwern \ewm*rt-*it nrnl Laray. Ten- raiwrn or Lany valley^ 
mucb "urruWL-p ibuii thv One vf«,i pf JUwWuiuiuiiK, Ls ilralnerj by 



Adranad Skeett fnm Gm. Taylor' t Moak. 1ST 

lb* i—t ii m brurL of ibe 3b«n*iM|oib, which, it Fr >ai JWbL it 
lucnm-lhrmcDd n|" lfe« naoiOLaJft, 1* joiii. 1 >-\ ih nv-Mvra afllaciH, 
*b*ftc* Ibc aflil+d wmti* 4«iw rnr(b 4 n^artbc h*»e 4af Blma flidge-, 

la tiHJOl lbt L EVjt^mar- a i HnrfK."t-'» Frrly. 

The iiklthhiLBiiriE n* (hi* fji^npod region ware *-urLhy f\\ Hicir 
Intnii-JlaiiLxi. TIil' NnrLti aod South wim proplad by hcjnn* gf 
LHhN»ni«.l fMniHi^it, and tin? proml nimi'i ,y\ U.,i '-IJiil J J- i-m iriio-n " 

:i! I 1 '- 1 1. Hi' - • - 1 _ : : _ - 1 | .:■--. i >| \i . '.^ 1 1 . .- !■ ili ■-■ :n, I Hnjniln- 

Jnnb wure minij deuchthiiita gf lk**lan*, Captured m Ti*riion 
fend PrlncL^ob during ll|4- EtavolllliatiAry ism. Tb<mo Wuru ihriilj-, 
"th-tnnllal fiirinrrv. and. like their himmen ol Prcm^JTOiufe, «■ 
pIT— rd [heir Hhpqk'nue in hogc bonii ^n.L fat «lltf. Ttw ifaTvltno 
of *Ll 10 Lb* &»sibern e=n*e itt wonderful. Jfeckwn. a, Valley 
nfea Lr fcajw/n ol hh raitfei>Cc il Irfir in utim {wula ol StMUlan), 
wfe* Ihrtr bvro *bd iduL Tat woin+ti Mh! hu-lund:*, aorta, lorei* 
U» battle «■ tlitvrfiilly an to mairriiip* leaM*. So i^pKroioa, no 
driiiiijtjon ceuld a Urn? tbrsr wal. Upon ■ niprvli I v-b- ■M-o-ted 
by |tv «JJltIj JjmJh^, !,it[t;r^. Trlip | 4 I|J m« lh«y Imd m?crt!t#u fe 
M**P4Nfflfttj hj' bn^in in a well on tlmir 4**Lfeti', hard b L v- Ped<?> 
mil bud l*Gn In fkKHMJrtfliu-ji of tho o»ua|ry p and, ^rln^ lit mdiiin- 
flmllflti uj'uljupr hIilvim, ilmy hml nli ui, Mln- wm'k uL ni^bl with Ihoir 
own IjbIliI* mid ilfiw cki^irt'd lu yiiV £lm iiumiI «'< lU.tr nwn p. hi pip, 
\\i\>-, jui'I Hlnil^hLL-tH fjf mill.T^, wh(K' liildjnliii* add brothers 
wruv in armn, wiirk^l tha uttMl*, ni^bt am] dny, to hintMh fiour to 
Ib^ir IfcddWr*. To IIil' l*i-f. wi>nm.n tt-Hiil>l ■•<\ di*[«nc*a La i^»rrj- 
Lb* mixtkani ol load bttwe^q, | ttfinrv.TW abd itarr itii^* to * »Bi% 
frniif (^iLlitJenLv, SlWfeid [be Km* a\ Virj(il>ife <wr raminLt ciU- 
benairablr ■«*. grim in >«»l will b* Ibrlr m.*|»[iun an I he lartb«r 
tbair* ol Slyir. Th*j c*ji raprct no ncd^nitioD Irvn lb* raotbirs 
tbil Iwiv ibrtu, 
Thf >-«-ar Itrt «irc3»rf ihp VilS«> wax rnvajj^ul with a crncJtj- 

Ktir^DT«ili U E klJlL IlillLL-tcd *ra lliL' Pulnlinpli* ttrn hii|ii<liYiij VL-Jir> 

ftfom. That ioul feet n-ini rrh^nj tLo FUmc M Dubo|« and. Tat^.-tmo 
unit |juhlir u|h|uiLh|. k in wiial lian brtiii ilvtm^il ■ ruder aRa, forood 
»" "|J'jl u Ky l>om tlio grniij| ^iTKniaix^usa," Vut, vta Jmvt; wL^nihu 
mpari el' h PflcJwrat Cf«ii^m.l, wb<?r«in in iwoiinKMl then maoy 
tNtrnn, mtlK a-nd or her bqilifinj^ (Ilm; foimh), copicLijiifciia^ wish I ho 
rthan that "(njivtw 051 a% a™j- tb4 Valt^y mun Ulc«i tution* 
lib iim," Id (he Opinion of thv i-lminir- ut Lbu aljJccr pnakiof 



T££ $P*tfAmi Historkal Soriftjf Fnprrz„ 

(faia xvjM>rt ibc achievement on which it ia baaed rank* with 
"Maron^." Moreover, this wimi- «(fipjr (LfaEfernant ttencral 
Sbrridao). many yi-Jifi stEtr the fLouio of (ho war, denounced 
ftrtral hundred thcm-and* a\ ttl« IvJbw-dtizeh* a& "banditti." 
and eolic-ited pemi i "mn ■■: t..- < J ■ .\ i- m meni (u <J*al with them « 
*nch. May wv rust pmiMi and rvflcct whether hcliginn, ettacatJvn, 
aciencc^iind avl combined hitua fomiQniid the btutalltyol OmU llqfl* 
I be day- or Walk iwteLn and Tilly V 

Gmr-tmr* 

Ol nivil ol ibo important baliEra of tho war I have written 
except of Sbilob, cm wlifoh I purtjiwii eu ..hvill, tin c will rir-i my y. 
fe» *ordi abog.1 tidily s*hurg, b*MU** of the many recent publica- 
tfcn* thrrranelK. S-raw laeu MUnmiiij (hi* battle an «Cab~ 
lithed beyond dispute. In tho llrnt day'* ripjhitn^ * part of Lcvt 
juciiy il..i. mi i^h.I n pu»l n-1 >1cwIjl''k. Jnten-dinu to MniLiriina the con- 
teat 01* that field, m cmnrnpnder, HO( politic" l>> idiotry, Would Jl^LiW 
to W&erftttat* a i-4 fu*h the advanEagc £aJnr4 by (be pTPTIQ-na 
HKW** hhI it» n.-ml(am " morale." Instead ol aKackioe; at da#h, 
Leo'a attoeh wuk EHJNtjtfJiicd ntsid the nfturmwn or tbe following 
day 3n ttmpciiuoinL' 1-1 (he jibsenco of JjonjpHn'i'i's eorpp. tfcd-pnl 
official report* ahow n.at nun.' of tf«a4e'« cwpc reached him od 
tbe *««»il day pmnl boar* a.l\*t (mat-tie, ahd one or i«a l*[e in 
lb* ulLicfiiiwui. It in pt)*i t ivcly n«nerted by many officer* pnencnt, 
and of bl|fb tank uiu! rhnnwter, that Lo-UfpHi-iH'i, en the (Irat, djty, 
*o» nearer to Lee lliati tfeadif'p rviulotei 115 mrp* iu 1 Uiu iw- 
r H uk! tren nearer (ban a ditripiwj of Kwrir* oorpa, which 
tbe grbtiml in lime so thaw, in tins Ant day 'a aarc*«. 
Now.it BOWaMrtl ii]>p*iar* in Le*"* report oE licLtyaburji that he. 
o^k-rud l^m^;«tri!r( in bin? gr blamed him fjr Eiirdineu; but hia 
report admit* error* and qtiieEk take* tbe rmpnnpibiJity/ lor them 
an hi* o»n broad tbouEdee^ A rrrcat ankle m (be public pnHa, 
i[^ned by ticnenil I^or|ptP(w( h a«crib« tbc fairum at tteKyubnrp 
to Leu'n iiiiBinikcHi, wliioh ho ( Lon^frcot) in vitiu pointed ouL und 
rcmemil rated agaiflat. That any aubjHt iuvulrin^ (be pDipepnion 
and eierciM of itndlm NhDidd l« ^t«r to LwifpLrect and con- 
cealed from L*e ii a *tartlir*|{ propoiitiuii to tboeo pooe^iag 
kn*wli-dK« nftba twohtcn r Yfn haTc bibtloal authority ror^tho 
*tory tbat tbe nn^i-l In tbc path wadvisibk Lu tbc A*a though in- 



Advanced Sheds from G<m r T&$faT*s Btn& r 11$ 

vi>Lbta to tbe fleer, bia maa-tor; bill »nppoMe tbnl in&t*nd ol Jimiting 
tbe bone-it, stupid animal, Balaam hjul caressed him and tben been 
kk-ked by him, hour wonld the story rend? And tbuu oiucb fbr 
Gftitysburg- 

Slillofa. 

ShiEoh irsft a great nsiefortuna. At t he moment of hi* fall, Sid- 
ney Johp&t*Ti, vr'nh alt lit* energy o( bit! nalqr^ w^ puiftaiag on 
tbe routed loe, Crouching under the hank of th & T en neweo ri™, 
Grant was bid|nes.^ One ahorl hour mor* of IhV in ifuhn»L<>ii 
would bRT* fcatupleLeri his destruction. The second in command— 
Bejtare^arri — urae on jinpihfir- #ml distant part of the fteld h ami 
before lie could gmticr the rains of djrtjclion, duriiiifcssi fait and 
stftpned the parauil. During the i:5g:lit I3nell reached the north- 
cm bank pF ill*.- river and crossed bin troOjte. WiLllnca, with a 
fr™h ilivinion from beloT, got i*|>- Together they adTanccd io 
the morning* found the Confederate* rioting in (bn plu ndet of cap- 
tured eftbtp*, and. drovo them bjwV; with Inrfft. But all this wa* as 
nothing compared with the calamity of Johnston's death, EJu- 
cflt^iS at Wfcjt Point, Johnston remained in lIiu [."nited Stales 
Army for eight years, intd npmiireJ n thorough b u&wlodgo of ibo 
detaih of military J my. RcHtgnin^ to aid the caasc of the in fun L 
Ib.-pubtu> nif Ttjuas, he betairm her ndjq Lnn^ge-ngral, min Lor briga- 
dici- and Secretary at War, In tbu war with Moaico ho rained a 
regiment of T>?*»a to join General Zachary Taylor, and was 
greatly diatiftffaiHbed in Ibo Jigbtirg abound atid capture o£ Mon- 
terey. General Taylor, with whom the early years of bis servieo 
bad been passed, declared, him to be the host soldier ho bad aver 
com in united. More than onto I have b*nrd fEcner&l Zachary Tay^ 
lor express tbh opinion. Two cavalry ragiineiiba *vcrc add<?d to 
tbe United Stales Army in 1*5-1-, aad to (be colonelcy oF on* ol 
tbe*o Jn.ib n^um was appointed. Subsequently, a brigadier by 
brevet, ho commanded Lhe ^^pedition agaiTnut Hiv Morntona in 
trtab. ThiiH he breugbt to tb& S*nlbiirn cnase a niril and mili- 
tury oxporienet far sai-pafift5i»g tbat of nny other leader iSorn in 
Keotueiiy, deacendfld from an bonorablo colonial rnw;, Mnneeled. 
by manriagp vritli [nfluantinl fiLtailiu In the West, v/hore bis life 
bad Iweti pas&cd, ho wns peculiarly flllod to command We«tara 
armicfl. Witb him at tbe balm, there would have bctn no VJeka> 



HC Southern JUsSori^tl Society PtiptvE. 

burg h no ilisnion ary ItEdgo, no Atlanta. Hin chnmclor wa* loEty 
md pure; his pr«!Mjnefl and (tcmcanoT dignified and efluttcfnuij 
with tbe tn'mnlioEly ml a«ltild n bfi4 5*0 nl onoo inspired tho reseat 
and uaim-d ttnj confidence of cnllipated gontlenaen. and rujr^d 
JrOnii^ramiiu. Be^inlcs, ho had pawied through tbc furnucoof igao. 
pant nowBpapeirfl, bottar titan iliac ot' iliu R»1iyl<>n|»n tyrant. 
Commanding Homo raw, unequipped iorees At Bowling Gitea, 
Kentucky, thu cKjeuflioined Atnurieuq GK»£gtf ration rop rencnt«d 
Lim a* at tbo bout of a vatt army, propsrett and c.n^-.r fur con- 
quest. Ucfbrc time was given him to or^nizo and tralo LIa man, 
(be ab+urdly cnimlrn-clod worfrp on h-Ew left flank were eaptiLirad. 
At Port EoneEson, on its CiLfittarliuid, warts eorHun political gon- 
nrn.\f, who, with a mlf-abnogalion worthy of Flu tare U'.i hcnoca, 
wt:rt JLtiJtiQSLft la got away arid ]<;#*# ih v glory 4nd renown of de- 
fend to other*. Johnston wlls in no sanae nannun ^i tiJn for tho 
COiwlrneiion of iW-sv Torts nor I bo nMtcjnraont lo their command 
of these self-denying WAnriort*, hut hiw liins dI ^unjununicalion was 
uncovered by their fall and he was com pal led to retire to tb« jtun th- 
em bank oj dm Ti>nnt«jiw rkcr. From lueenli^btensra of public 
opinion ii Luwt of wraib wmia insrtli. Juhn^ton, who had; j«idt buen 
Afesandflr, Hannibal, tsi-jar, Napoleon, wai now » mi^rjihiu djia- 
liirvl aiLd traitor, unlit in utunmnnd niorporal "n ^uard., Fraokierj L 
Davi* Hosghl to eonfioJe uini, aiid the- noblest linen «:vlt panm-d by 
loaii were written by Johnston In n.'pJy, Th^y even ^rans teara 
of repentance from lb a pachyderm* who had atcAeleed Itim. and 
will Ik ^ text and conflation to luturo commander* who n&rv& ft 
country tolerant of an i^noruut mi J Mention* ptvas, A.* puro 
gold hn camo forth from the furnace, above* lI-i« re™eh of fetiuutar, 
the forumom uuin of M the South, and had it been poaaLble. for 
on* heart, ono miml. and one atnt nt m»v\: tw;r cmiM«, stbo ]04t (bom 
when Alboi-l (Sidney JvbnsLon fell on the field of ShiloU. Akjojoio 
after the. war ng nho wnn pemniUn;di tlie oomraoinvrulLh ^r" T.'xaa 
remrrved bib remjiina Eimin New Orkiiuo, m intur ttuu:i In jl ln,q.:t 
he hjul luniF untt fallhlully Horrotl. 1 was honored, by a raqaejil lo 
a»Qjnpany lliteoHtn crtua iho e<jiinjUfcy hj the »tcmmer h and a^ I 
gased npon it thens btoso ttie ^ultng o( thu Theban vthu k after ibo 
downfall of ihe ^lory and ih(t(ipendet:Cfr el liifteoohLry, stoml by 
the louib of Epaminondus, 



Apptd v/the Ltc Mamtmttl Association. 141 



Appeill flf flic L« Muciniui^ltt AMOtlallon, 

To thii Feoplk OP THV E?i?iiTEiEiiy States: 

The Stattf o1 Virginia Imrt initiated the uoblo undertaking 
of orcClingan tquemrian atatuo of G«nw»l Rrtbtrt K. Lao on tha 
C4i|niol grounds ill JRicnmoiLiJ, Va.; arid baa committed lhin trutU, 
by alatu.i»\ to iho tai* and keeping- flt *. Board of Unnajjera, 
Tliia Board j constituting tho Leo Monument Association, ia omn.- 
posnl of hut Governor. Auditor rd PuhSii; Atoauum, aad Trea- 
snr^r, whora names guarantee that rbia truai -will b<* vr$\\ i!i*- 
eharged. 

Ijk ttofcrenc* to the fact that ill* glory of General Leo En tbe 
common heritage <d -uur country, the Hoard haawigmftwl the denlre 
lliiLt ilLE ike South*™ Stain 1 * HKall fdiare iu too tributo to Hint, and. 
purpose Ibat alt so Hhairiiig ntuli, when thv tima ©met, b»T5 an 
Cfliial i<hi<:n in awarding the ^■.nilriicl. 

W^;, year Senator? »nd. Repieeonlativos in tJ»a CpnjfMfl* of ibo 
United SlaWm* being assured that yorj will not bo u-low tv nanS- 
feet, % on earnest aiwl libiir&L aupportj yoor vtnnrnxlort for the life,. 
charadUJF «nd flervircB. of *Hr great chief, cxprow hereby our 
Tvnrcu sympathy and cn-operatiou in too irffari of the Lot ifonur 
mert Awocmtioti to con aura ran En tbiit ivori£ of" lor*: 

John T. Morgan, Wm, H. Forney, Q. M. Shell* j\ IT, H- Harbert, 
Wra. W, Garth* J-3J, Williams, R, P- Ligon, Jas. Taylor Jones, Q- 
TF. H&witt, of Alabama; A. H. Garland, L. C Gaoae, Jordan E. 
Cravonuj T. M. Gunter, W. F, StamOafi, of ArkaoBiE; Ccarlc? W r 
Joniw, H. fl. M. Davidson, of Florida; J. B, Gordon, BttuJ. 11. 
HLLI, AlejtundQr H. Stephens, Julian Harlridge, W, II, Fclton, 
Jidim H- Blount, Philip Cook, II. Jr\ Bell, H. R. H*rri H , H. A. 
Candler, W. E- ^rrtLtb, of Usarjna; J, Froetor Knotty Albert S. 
"WiJlif, J. E. 5. BlackWn, Thomas Turner, J. G. C*rli*k f John W. 
Oald^cK, A, B- Baone, J. A. McK^niwc, M. J. Durham, J, B, 
Cl4Lrl<e, ftf Kentucky; J. B- Fu^tia, E. John JiLli*, E. W, floberU 
son. J. B, ELaiP, R, L. Gibfloa, of Louiniana^ L r Q- C Lamar, O. it. 
Sing-lelon., Van 11, Maoning, Jmntfl K. ChalEneri, U, D. Jfoney, 
S. L. MnEdrow, ChatlM E. llooLor, ol Min*in«3yni; F. M, Cock- 
tell, D. M. AroiHlroajf, T. T, CiritW-Qdtii, A. 11. Eockner, Bonj. J. 



I4S &HHkem Historical Sanity /V<tj. 

r*ra»fcU», R. P. Kud, R. H. K*u&*r, JoK» & CWfc+, Jr, E*th1 
Br,, J. X Glow, C H Morpmn, of Muwvri; M. W. bum, A. 
A. Mwrimoi*. A. II, Waddell, A. II ^l^JwpU. I>*Ti*, Bob*rt 
JL VimtH> 4 J r J. YffttjL-*, Wra. M. Ku-bltjn, ol tturih iWtiaa; M. C 
Bullrr, I*. Wyill Alken t Jftlm H, Uvan*. -ol Soutti CanUt] J. B, 
Hn.il.-j-, Mtam G, Harris, JoLq F. jjngw, li. (3, IHLrsll, \Ym. F. 
CpJsJwpII, W, C- WMuhcmio, J. 1>, C. JUbLntt, (Janey ITcuing, J. M. 
Bright. IE. Y. Riddle, of T«iOH**»j Afabnd 0o*t, & B, Mascy, 

0, Hok1*k<H-, D- B. Cl|Lb0PiOD t Li. Q. AHII*. J. W. Th.WelU4t0rM>p. I>. 

C. {lidding*, John H. Esigpb, i>f T(js*»j IL K. Wither*, JciLn W". 
Juhaitnn, U. C. Walker, Epp* Iltmtnn. John ShIi, C, C C»b*ll r 
J T H»rri» n J. R. Tiller. A. L. Prl doner*, B. B. Bongta, of 
Virjrjnli, John JL K*dd*, B, K- UarliD h Beajamia WiImh^ ol 



fitr'ipntpto' 143 



EDITORIAL PARAGRAPHS, 



Kivkii* hnvfl tan Mwktf 4n<iuSlf |irlil(ly-| oyl Ihnpe ir« Pitbl * I* tic* 

I mi, I I i! i:',L ull|.i»iU-!- :■■ ... I: tii «i> .ir- :■■ I li-rW l"laill II ^ I'll I J' ■.-.-' -ili.;ih 

tWH" tbal p Uma Li MJt ±ai ih*_v hava fallnil t> rrn-nw llieir jutdcrirri.lon.1. 
W* *l» very lupry un part with anj of cur friino*., but w» lpi* obliged lo in* 1*1 
upeni our t*rnna— -$3 prr ■»■■«■ In i^tmin. Wa b«( Lhit *n b*cri ben in 
*T*fy Iwatl'jr Till " rtir up Hit pun mind* of Uttir F*riiht"n bj way vf ra- 
Hi«nbr»n.7#,' ' ind will acud m mt lal-VTibrt* **■ iW HW* I al *f eU *Mfc. 



(iE.na.ii. Geo. D. rn»~irnT if llaTla— haa h wa, July appointed G gyi- 
tVat Jkaur *f «r Society aad autlwrlwH |# Inral ia aw Eatcirvt, L>»ll«*t 
Pinmgr ar maUrUJ few ua. to ippofcat bail aglMi. at la act Tor bi u ceouaa 
i»m fwanJ. 

W* nk*-Tiwd ™f>*|t*i fortunute in pt^Hn( lb* H*Tl«K»f ilii glllanl 1*1- 
&\*r aad arwr*i|iil*h*d ^nU(Diin,inJ Ihfl rut nil liu ftl% jiMlf '«d mi aij*t- 
LUk.ru. II* lm l*tfi «B*JU#llig S«li*Hl' Willi (■■« ibwmi rittriiff l*uj Hurni, 
anil ii'iw |i«i|io#*i io t!iS( <nt,«t c||i<.i nml Ui»n ■ cf Tonrm**** *tnl Kmiackj'. 
Wh bf*-|4nK for kiwi (bo Jic*T(y WMjHtolkin of til f>l*nd* .nf (tit duk- of 

Lrnlli 

ArtAU olr tbe AfcK* or TtiiUNUi In 111* ink of a n*w monthly wtkJi 
U b* prop**** lv atari In April at Naihrllb,. Tiaa. 

W-t Ww* fr M larf [h* cWtft*r ak<t pr«rpf«t«» **• lb* *dr»t F Ur. E. L 
prat*, anil ikall «ft*EaIrj aakmiua Mat a*w varaar la Ilia emnat *f UatHJE 
trail, aft* faU ri ■ anrty ■ God iptad." Ta* Hrralar H ilfuj *r» I 
*f gatUtl uUwn a* it* W**u?r. arm*-, tad MUIU A i wM a a r of ir 
■UlMlU Ib Kfrrentw to Lb* p W M TH tHwi h4 H II Hi at al* of lb Imta of 
hlalHf, taaactajly ai in nfardi eb( *c Bl»*»*tr*n* af th« Vntmi imin 

It, hawaw, Am [be &ulAera lli«T<iairii. fIocirtt 4njuilin (onidlea- 
Upnallj. ft oDiirM.j In Ui* ilHimmt ih*t hjUf puUI««El*lai ha** bwn ''iwii- 
lanl tnalnl v " i« Hi* Araj of Sorlbprfi VlrglnU W) h.»*9 publiihod ■ 
luff* taumlvr of arLlclu nn ill* prnxmi Kittti*y <if (a« ^iri^Jflncy, in irhicb 
ill* i.i!.1inr» cP all of our armici ar* illkf. inti.rWfHl , anil w-t, hni'D publlrticd ■ 
nunilwr of r*nort», ''BeejsilldctUBi," ftc,, «f Mi* Bwjlhprn, W*atarn. r *:.i] 
fliwiaiWnllFn, arm l*#. For Ibn paiuii irtunirii *■* ha*# Jarotsd i l*rg+ put 
of omr ■pur' t" U-fUvflwrg; bol w* in m*\y (i.i all 1 1 < i r-pi-1 * v fully tho gr*ait 
balllH nf On Wart if our *rib&4* Wfav louf hi IbaBn tm ralbullj m'M at,U ttt- 
aLib iu ih* BiaurlaL. 



141 J<uu(f\tm Histories! Sotttty l*tij\fr*. 

Tfc# 1f*Ml t* lb*\ *>W S"tf**.y "»* *«(irLklW *tartM Id K** «rl*»ft* hy dd- 
c*«* mt lfc» N-Vfftni imT lliit we hatr* «* «r dwlm a larpi mu# of nub- 
ribl Which Uhrt rt l rti * lb* plUit d**4> «* ^* n«l4* <4 lb* W M i Mil lial 
•hit*** Ml A***^-— fj ,n *•■**!■»"• fiM**k#*MiJ bp!f-t L w* ,twft «M| 
cUib |k* artTLkw* *f **Mnc ear Inndi ta tat WW L> Mf ■• t* f«4 tJwtn 



A LVTTIB tbivw litsiBju. Fin. Lis, on tltlljiburg, wMI *|>rj**f In «ir 
dii| Dumber, imL wLLL cantuD kmth llin(i akvul Itii gnriltauUg n*f«r bcfrra 

frtjtllllinj. 

Wk have *.f itA.vp md wtlitag for puMlMitoip • namb*r of r*Luablc 
•rLlclM, Ouf WsimIp *(ll pteufl bw w-lik p, and ifciilr |i«per» thill tppttr at 



Oh*tpal Pjlph* ifcti 1i*v> nt*tr bn pmliH^iirj ; n *nj- fnrtn b«tef+ 
■Jwlff h*«*|fc* p**te**J**laim*klnj[auT»*l**li*»f. A*J *JiH» »f ■ntn*!is=« 
1 •*#■ ft*** tllfWfll HRftpi, JP** WW IfttM HfM H Uttt mbf*# 
I f f*t hih *t±*r Tthith of jiHwriu, w* h* IbwwVT TtlUMd 
Aval aWj l U hf U ll B »*e«tT lfc*irB»r*ii; hat, ahmh*f w* t** patUia or nrt, 
*« **# U"»JT» (W to pil««* La «r jena-brak or o* oar *fett*W **jp<*f^ b*W- 
ImhI^ u Wh bttw*ra ra* Slita." 



ttOMUCPf ■&*..— In [be IrtWr lrvtn Gklninl Ctajtoa, poi* 121, Lint T fCtflB 
bottom,, Hit word " burning " jbo^W U " mOTtof." 




fl HIST ORICAL SOCIETY PAPERS. 

Vol. T< Itlelmiond, Va« t April, 1H7S- No. 4. 

Turppdi* ft^r>L«i Id Ih* Harbor ind Tauter Ihffmv of {'birJmlcnt 

BT UtXIKlI. 0. T. PIATJPWJW* 
[Tfc- r<illrt»lnjf trticte &«n lit diitlnpilih"! ttl^dHf Hid l«ampliih#d 
Inpr than •* k*d lBl«n.dtd br r:Fvqtn*L4iW** ***r vbich ** kid m> tontrol. J 

U«UT fan (hwil BrMfrftrt. 
Jiff, J. W. JMtt, P- D-, 

&xrttarjf &nrtAcnt JfufonYtf Sotittf, 

I 1 ! Ill !"M'I J Hn I ii LT I:l-1 i-mnrafr HVtflll lir(Ldi>i »pfW*r*d 3d 

Northern ji&|mi*, giving areounta of Jiii-ppLnr &*>rpnd.ne* nrH lor- 
pMja-lKJAtfl In l lie JJhjibW., in wbifh cmtnaauH Nlulemcnta were 
niiulf ol Hie n** o( ibcBO engines of (Lvntrudllun jli ChiirLroton 
tfuHn^ uur lull! civil war. To ^u a WifrflL't amount of their una, 
M well an of Gtbfer uwi auplfl^wl bj 1 ma lo cUMnml ibnl city 
a£>in*l lb* powerful atTi! and laad btaUrLiM of ttm Fcder*ln r I 
fiirpBrtd t paper oh ibe *ial>j«i (trt tb* Wrtfln.W 1 |»Ai<i PFrt^j Times, 
wbKB, IbrHnijfh accidental dflij? in lrBn*«J«ninn, ilid not Appear 

urttf lb* Inl w«k in October, 3iw* il»n p at lateralis^ article 
on ■■^rp«lo ■wiio*," by Canmaoder W, T *iJi**«l, C & K_, 
wlo «enufeod*d lb* "David" in ll« p»tUnt nEtfbt altark oo tbc 
Keir Ireotidc* in lb* Onl*r barber *f CaarlMtoo, Otrt,*. 16WS, 

b» ipponTrd in laii XoTemlHr'R. na ruber of ibe Strnthtrn Histori- 
cal Sodrff^ Jtajwra, xrbkh enable* m* to nrorroct u few tllghl errtw* 
I bud nkBdr in iny njii-rrHira of thai Btlflfk, I brti'o addi'd ale 3 to 
rtiv ni'lkln B fnw remirlns taker* fraim m Northem eouruo ^bich 



149 StMtiurm Bute/had Sotiftg Hiprrt, 

(A&lAtni kD&irnatioB I did not m Ann ^ w hu Tb n» ravndrd, 1 
Motoric It to yon lh*l it may appear «l rtecrd, uKaald yertt [Holt 
U worthy of Ibo hro»r r iraoog; lb* TiloanU ConfW*T*l* papon 

w|»i ki in pul>li*hvi mnnlhlv id [lie- StfuMrrtn fiUt^it^i SOCfitf 

Fdpm* h.i nl Jy cniiJ uthod by you. 

I reiiuiin, dcir air, your* vwj Inily, 

0. T. Bl*.URT;<i\tti>. 



KimllTe bj Gewrnl Bmnnv4T4, 

4 >n inv r*lnro to CbirleMfln in ftrpErmbcr 1$S5. la HHIHf rtin- 
mand of lb* Ufjmrtment *f South Carolina and Georgia, I found 
ibn d»lra^™ mi then* t*o Stale* in * bad Hid inceoipSele eopdi- 
tion. iBclodinc defective lotaLicm and fcirraitRttnoat of work*, even 

M OnnrLc«inn and SaTUiDih. Several point*— iin:h at the raoulbi 
at the Siono and Edi*tP riteh, and the he»dw*m™ td Broad ri?ar 
■V Port Royal— I found uopraUMled; though won alter the 1*11 of 
Fori Sum ter, in 1861, ■» I wafl About to h* detnehnd, 1 had du*ag. 
nnlwl thota I" bo properly fortified, A mooniiniiridallon bad even 
bL-flib iiiada by ray imnnjdiaH? pn-diii-i'iuiiir Umt (he outer drhsntae 
ol ObBrkntuii llnrbur should be given up ■* uutennbliu agidraatthe 
ironclad* mid nioikilore. th<;o known ui Im under rmm ntt ito" *l 
the >"it:'i. and (lint |Lhj waifrdirio of Ibo [ramediato city of 
ChnrUwlou »himtd be made the sole lino of defence. This paurae, 
howorar, not baling t«n vuibariited by the Riehhiobd lulhori- 

tl**, It Ti« nul BllTfQnte4 h txrept thmE the fortincatiufci 6* CoV* 

(■l#nd— Lh« k*y 10 tb* delenc* of lb#3tono riwr — «aa ahaiidoood 

ji..| -ii.- h, t r"T k'i *■]:>: nvi:'-K ■■! '.t.- Sin, i iriL ..]-,■:: t.i lbs cueasy. 
Who made it Ihvir banc ■■! .'i^raliOB*. Immediately OB ray animal 
I Impacted the def-ence* of Cbarlcfllgn sod 3*?Bnn»h» md made n 
r.' nil i -i tmn on tin' War Dppnrtmtnl (or mlili Lionel troopa and 
bdiLvy |(uni drfljne4 n«pi*f*ry; but nifiLlier could ba (urriehed, 
^win^, it wilm nliited, to lb$ pre«rLrij{ wantu of Ibe Cnnledenicy nl 
ttlbir jholittH, Shortly liUjrwflpnl Fiuridn «-■» wlijnjd tft nty tarn- 
nfLod^ bill wiih not uiiv Lcnirniflme of Lroopi or n«nt, except ibo &P 
nlfendy iit thul 8mt<'; and, Jntt-f, Btrtfjil bcl^adi;* itl'^o ^ilbdr^wn 
Iron mr, hpurttbutaridiog rey protetl, Hj T^inforw ifa?«.ni]L«4 of 
Virginia mi- 1 Tri,i,CK<-", : . 



7#rped& Service in Wtitzr £kftnm of ChQrtt-ii.vR. \A1 

Aa 1 hv-VA ntmnJy swiid, I found Tit CbnrlcB<on an e*eaedLng|y 
bad defensive condition against a detenu ined attack. Excepting 
F#rt MciiiLtriv, Oh ftullivimV I dun J, the w,irk.^ and bilfcoriea cover- 
ing Charleston flArbor, ineludlug Fort Sura ter, van insufficiently 
armed and ibe-ir barbette guns without tbe protection of beaty 
traverses. In all the. harbor works there were only th-nic 10-incb 
and ii few S-ineh columbi ads, which had been loft in Forts. Sumter 
Mid Mlinltrip hj? Hlnjcir Anderson, and abau 1,41 dv*oo riflo gu-ns— 
unhanded 32 poundara, made by the Confederates — wliieh bnrsl 
atter a ie-w discharges. Thee* wltl', hrtwnivijr, » number of goad 
42-pou.ndcrfl of lb" old psltorn, which T a I toward bad rifled jind 
banded. I feutid a continuoua floating boom of Urgo timbers 
bound tofj-cthor and interlinked, stretching aeros* from Fort Sum- 
ter tu Fun MuulrtLfr. Bui Hiim wba a fragile And. uei reliable barrier, 
aa it offered loo groat a, resistance, to the strong current oft bo ebb 
and flood tide at full ratKn) h wpwially after H<nnhea«ferly galea, 
which backed up the walora in the bay and iti the AahLoy and 
Cooper rivers. U tu ciposed, there lore-., at such periods,, to tH> 
broken, pnrliealnrly jls the channel bottom waa baird ami smooth, 
and l be lijjhl anohors which held tbe boom in poak[on. wens Mn- 
&tanl(j- dragging— a faet ^rbieb mfldn tha braking id the boom an 
eaav matter undwr tbe strain of hostile steamers eorahig against 
it mnJfrr lull bead way. For this reason I to engineers bad nropo&ed 
tbe Mibrtimtion of a ™p& flhs.true.tion, whfcb would bo free from 
tidal m.tv2 ii, but IlltTe had been done toward ite preparation. J, 
therefore, soon attar assuming OOflaBUBd, grderL'4 ils immedtato 
Wm pleiion, ami, tv give Lt protection and greater eifleSency,, 
directed tbat two Lines of torpedoes be planted a Jew hundred 
yards in advance of it. But belorC tbe order epuld hv tarried out, 
A fltitmg fl^uiberl^'. Jtorm broke tbe limber boom in several places, 
[ravin™ the channel unprotected/' sitfecpt by tbe gum of Forta 
Sumter and Moultrie, FurtiiJiutelv, howeror, tbe r'edund Uoet 
made no effort to enter the b arbor, as it might baro done il it bad 
madu |he attempt at «i gbi. A few d^a lalar the ropa gbstruclion 
and torpedoes we™ in position, and bo remained without sarioDa 
injury till tbe eml of the war, 

The rope obstruction was made of two heavy cables, about Ave 
orfi.t [ L 'i:L npart^ ihcflnfl below tbo other, and connected together 
by a network ol smaller ren*a. The anqhera were imnfu last to 



1 4£ S&itthm\ Jlfsforiivt Society Pbjttrt, 

lb* lower fl*"bt*, and iba buoys or float* f> Ibo npp*r one, Tbo 
upper cable curried * [rliiffo o( Hiflalkr Tfipcii. about ibrou -fourth* 
of pn in-th in diilnclcr bv filrv f=*l long, which fliUCod ■* W mmy 
' L atrwm*re r ' to the iarf*« r destined to- foal lb* itnw propeller ol 
any uttnmcr wbicb Might jUtompl l» pmw over lha obnlraclion, 
Shorllv altar thwe Cable* WfiT* ill position & blo^kad^i-mmer, lit 
attempt iogul nijjbi in pa.** through Hf gup puTpcvcSy left open 
near the So 1 1 nun. I*lsnd iharv, under the framo! fori, 3tou!m* 
and nf thd ou|*L<fo bailee*, *ei?ld*n(flHy OrOmicd ih? end of lb* 
rope, ob»Lnicltan, when one ol thv Hrea-aier* mot cntanjgind around 
the ihalt.. checking iu nvotatioB* The rtmel ru it one* com- 
peltad in drop atirbor to #tgid drill irag on (hi torp*dM» or ashore, 
and nftervard Iiili] bo bo doclted for the removal of Lbe ntrearnai- 
befor*f br re-uld j gain u."* her propd ler. Th» lorpidoei* ■■ anchored, 
Jolted b few lc#l below lb* surface of lb* Water at h* tide, aid 
were loaded with on* li and red pounds of powder arrnnj^d 10 
raplndfl by ennfiiimien— tbe- Autciniiitlc fuw emulnypd being the 
lor«ollQD of CijiL FrancU D. !#**, an ifjleLUgtibt. young f oginour 
ofltcer of my prenrral ■i»f, and now a prominent architect Id SL 
Louli, Thu ima or Srin^ npjiinilHB rfloiiatcj of acylindricaUe&d 
tub*- with ■ heraiB;pbrrir*l head, the metal in Hit bead bbtag thin-. 

n*r than it the pid*t Thn Inb* Vu op*n m\ I ft? lower *Hr*mslj, 

wb*w it wu mrrounded by i flan^e^ and, whvn td plir*. Si nm 
proUctcd agslnnl 3^aUnp-i- hy nu'an«qf broM cooplinjr* and rubbor 
Urthttl, It W»* ebarjfrd M follow*: In m cflqtr?- WMkglnM 
tubr filled with tolphork acid ami beTHietrieally: iea!+d TbLa wu 
1^ i l a t ■' 1 1 ■ ■: I by another jilmii tabu ni'nli'd in tikt* maniii)r h Bod both 
wen reUinfd Ln posit iun hy meanji of a |Wiculiar pih At Ibp opnn 
*pd o] tt* leaden lube; lb" *p**« b*twe^o lb* latter and theglui 
tob« ■» item (irtcd with • com>p<H4tion of chlorate ol patm.ea>bd 
powdered LoelE nuj^t, with a qoinlily of rifti* ponder The htwn 
part of tbe tnbe f» then olewed with a piew o{ oil«d j>u|mit. ^rt-jtt 
c«ro bud 10 r* lilt to 10 mcotlbjii thai Iho leaden lob* tu p*t T 
iectly water-lljFbl under conn iderahln preaaare. The lorptdn «J*o 
hnd tn undergo irm moNl fnruful icm, The llrtng of the tube w«* 
produced by i>ri uptnjj t be thin boad in contact with a btrd object, 
v Chi «rf* *i a *«»*el; lb* Laden c*t don of lb* lead broke tbe gJ*M 
tuhea, whEth dii^bai^cd the arid or tbe compoamoa, drio^ it n and 
Ibendiy igiilHrig i hu oliAr^o to th« I4rp-*V Tho tbaTjjOT u^il 



Turppta Soviet in Water Deftbeti 0/ CrVto'EssCMt. 119 

varied PTOrji Ni*iy to one Lundnfid pounds rifle powder, though 
Other eiTjIciHivoa might have been morO AdrnnCjigeoiiftly used if 
Ibey had Ihth nvjii bdilo ui hh. (ieneratly (bur of lLo fasts wcra 
aU$alied la the bead of oath torpedo ao as to secure Ibo di^fibprgo 
at any anglo of attacks Tbc^n firing IpW* or (use* were after- 
Trprd niodtfad la aroid iht great risk consmttuml np«»n pwrvwjng 
them tn pLruMi and of having them juTmanf-titly atfcae-bed ir> the 
charged torpedo. The #ti«H o[ I be bitter wuh t binned At tb-c point 
where the tube- waa attached,, bo thai, under winter pressor*, the 
^S]>Lphscih ol OlO (ulw u-puld HL'rlainly break iL :n -L ■]:'■■:! 10 i'iJ-O Lh« 
torpedo- though, when nnaubmerged,. Hie explosion ol ibe Lube 
w^uld vodt i(«H in ilie-Aptii »ii- wLihont broakin^ the shell. In 
thia arrangement Ihe tubo was oF brass, with a kadrn hood, and 
made walcrtigh* by insane nf ^ »erfw plu^r ji Lu boat. Both tho 
tihcil mid tlm tutu: Im'iiilT miidt! ^ n il..-]ri: inJn-Tltiy VFrUcr-t i_^h1> ttlO 
urtw connection between Lbo two waa mad-a loose*, "t> llinl r.bo 
tul.p- could be jLtwched fif detached readily with tbo lingers- The 
mad a adopted Ecr Idling ngiunH [rn-kiLijo was bj' placing thorn in 
& vessel of aleob r?L, under the glass- exhaust of an air-pump. When 
no air bitbbLoa appeared lbo lubes could Ihj rtsti^l Oti. Cdptiiiii Leo 
had i*l?pnn (?kttFLC torpedo which exploded by ooncusaion again*t 
a bard object ; Lbu cleelr ic current being thus e^ablisbeJ, iaaared 
the disubargo at the ri^ht momcpH, 

Captain Leo is lIlu inventor atsci of lbo "spar torpids" a* nil 
atldL-bment to vor=&e3s, now in general aeu in tbo federal na-vy, Tt 
Origi nat^l «* lollowsi Ho reported t* mO thai ho iliQiijjh!|, be cqutd 
blow lip sut-eessfuLly \ifiy ve**el by roearts. of n torpedo c-aiTicd 
tflmo five or six lect ondcr water nl the end or a nolo len or tw^K** 
feet lo»g, wbiolt uliffjld ho allntbed l*> ibe bow of a nkift? or row^ 
boat, [ nutboriacd an osfwrimenl upon (.be bnTk «t an iintini^licd 
and cond-e-irntd gqulnjut ninjbnrt'd ii» Ibc hn-rhnr, A:id JoAdad for 
the purpose with all kinds- of rubbish Lake™ from the "burnt dis- 
lriei" of tho c-i ly. It wa-t a complete ftutceaa; a large bo(o waa, 
made in the Aide of ibis hulk, iho rubbiNh bring blown high in the 
pir, nnd lbo v<75#cl wink in Jobs- than a minute* 1 Lhen deloi'niinad 

* Bl&±* wj-Ii Id K Lhn ifca™ [ h>» bwn intermrd h r a p | j| a r. Burnt, VdI« J Sinn >±tt, 
thtlbM^id ltt«rj;fJ Wt iwttia -rpar-enrprtn" in th?fltM y«i of Its iriF r hu In hid net 
ht^cnHM tr it* rtakmJ*. In th4 Fprln S nf lu*. I had ■!■«. KruTT^m<nd<4ilaup« 1« 

Gddii-iJ LckIJ fhiF l-hrnJn[Hinr*';f Pfi" L': Icjll'. t-T ■rrr.lnR r.nr t-oil* Tf |Ul U >4Bfl«*Bl|JU 
■dtUH* «4 UlD tudfl Sut-lHlll I? "-4P W-ypH+i UliMjLiba» nlii 



HO Southern JlistvritQl Sotitly itejwft 

to amploy this important invention, not oniy in lb* dfrftsna* oJ 
Charltaton, but to dispeiiae or destroy Hi c Federal Tiloc-Ttftdin^f fleet 
by mc-anB of ono Or mora Small swift steamers, wLth low dceka, 
and &rnicJ only wiili ■'apar-torpedocji'" as deHjgnsd by Captain 
Lue, 1 aont him at on-ce to Richmond, la urge the matter on the 
attention of lho Confederate iiovercnusnU Ho reported his nuia- 
fljon as follows:- 

"In compliance with yonr Onbrt, I submitted the drawing Of 
my torpedo and a ve-ssel with whicb I pnvp&fl* la operate ibem t 
to the Secretary of War. While he beiLridy jipijrtived.. he. stated 
his inability lo act in <ho matter, a* it vra*n Nnhjfcel that appor* 
laired lo llio nary 1 . He, however, introduce;!! ma mid e.r^cd it to 
the Secretary of Navv.. Tho Secretory of War cciuJd da nothing, 
and [b* Secretary of tho Xwy wmtld not, for lb* mjboii lhaE 

I was not a naval officer andcr hi* command. Sk> T returned, to 
Cbjirlc^Lfti] without accomplishing anything, Allfcr A lapa* of 
nornc maftlh-A T waft again sent to Richmond to represent the mat- 
ter id the Gove- mine nl, and I carried with rats the indoworac-ut of 
the best oflitent of tho niipj". The iwitlt waa the tran*f«r of an 

II n l': n i hhvd hull, vn ilm Alatks at Charleston, which was dxisigued 
for * gunboat— -or YfttbfV floating 'battery, a* she waa nut arranged 
for uny runtime power, hut was intended to bo anchored in poaiunft- 
Tbis boll wa^ coiriptrbrd by nn*, and a aficondnhaiid iind mufcb 
worn engine- wanoblidned In iJaviLnnak ahd placed in bor. Not- 
withstanding tier tub- like mude3 and the* inefficiency of hor engine, 
Captain Carl in, ccmmnn-dj'tg n b-l^deudc-ninnar; took c-harge of 
bar in an attack agaioat the New [ronaldta. She. was fu Fn i ?h c4 
with a apar dc-signcd to earry IbroOi torpedoes of one hundred 

Spunds-cach, The lateral F-par* EunigealiMl ny you, Captain Carlin 
eclined lo uae, as they ^oedd in-Ierforo wy asriously TiEb tho 
ttoveiwemn of the veasol, which, c von without them, could with 
the tttmaflL. difficulty Blem tho current. The taffl WM almoal en- 
tirely unbmet-ged, and painted gray Pike ibo blcwkrade-ninnere^ and h 
like tbrm, mpda tin amolfo, by burning ant hrtWltc ■soul- The night 
aelectod for ihu ntEack van very dark, and tho N«w Ironaidea Tvaa 
not aren antil <[uiLe iifuf. Captain Cartin immtdivt^y raiwle for 
hor; bnt bflr *id* being- oblique to the direction oE hi a a^ni-oath, 
he ordered bin KH;ertrnari P who was below deck, to ehmige the 
course. Tbiaord4r wm nii:*inidaiwtood, and, Id placi L nf koieijC the 
M bo won" ap was prnpH^lf *ho ran alongBidu of the ^aw Iron- 
B:dca and CDlanglwT berapar 3n tba anebo^obaLn of that veaael. 
Jt\ attempting (o hack the en ii ™a bun^; on tho centre, and aonie 
de-lay occurred boFure it was pried off- Burirvg tbh Critical period 
CajH4iin Carl in, In. answer to tbrtata and inejuirlc^ deetar*d bis 
boat 10 ha the- Live. Vankee, frnm Port Royal, with di N|iaLeh as for 
the admiral. Tiih deteption vjm ifcnt dipcorered «nl«l =fter Carlin 
Lad Wksd out and bia vessel W4i* lc*t in tho darkpiWJ*-" 



Tvfptdv Serein in Water Drfenett *>/ CAaWMton. 151 

SboUty after Ibia bold attempt «f Captain Cartla. in (or mnmrr 
of 18(3* U> ieow op lb* Sew Irocmde*, Mr. Tbtodnr* Slooej, Dr. 

RifMil, md otbcf gem lenJen. of Charl*»(*B„ hud boil I ■ email 
cigar ahaped ton!, which lh#y called the M l*avid." It bad be*™ 
■pedal ly planned and «inirtnie(*d m itUwh Him m ucb -dreaded 
naVftl (Uirialli, the 2ftnv Irou*idc*. It »m -n I ■ ■ ■ n L trinity 1**t Ifrng, 
wi|li- u ilmiimUT oJ' five Iwt *t it* inidLJIv, mid iv mi propi?Llcd by a 
mrmll nCKeiv work-eil by & diiniiiiHiro online. A» ruun ilm randy 
fnwirlM, I fi«Mt)i-d ill lo W filled with a ■ [jn f]mf. loqwdo" charged 
villi M-ri'iily-flvt- pounds- of powder, Commander W. 'I', Crla^cJ. 
a. farm*a and vmcrprwinn offitrr ol the ConEfderato Staler Nary, 
look ebarg* li I It, and ibdiiT ej|jbt o'clock arte- hp»y oipfbucnv the ebb 
tide, wjib a erew of on* tn^inwr, J. II. Tomb: ene fireman, Jame* 

gtilliVaO; *ad ■ pilol. J- W. C*nnon; bs frarfwly «*t forth from. 
Cbarinlnn en bid ptrikna mis* km — lb* dratneiion of %br Xf 

lrttimV ] pi*. j- n-jni tost I bra iropcladalfamer tbraw a en-'it dral 
mora tnclnl, at each bTvadiisde. lb an all [he monitor* together of 
lb a Avclj her Hns was d-cJiTered wilh mora raplditjr and necurnjcy, 
Ulid alio Wiib Lhn mv«l cfTt^llie vewMil employed, lii th<' reduolion 
ill Ihiiii-i i Vi ai ■ - ■ i. ■■. 

Thn M David"' reached tbfi New [rOmidwi about U-.n it'c-.lairk F. 
M., atrliilng her with a torpedo u.knnn *\x font- under water., but 
Ifrrllinalaly lor Ibat B-tearucr who n-n-jvfrl tbu nhoek p^ninjji gna 
of b«r Itrarr hullcbcnd?, whigb jhotmJi bn<T Ir^m dratrBclloo, The. 
water, however, brinjr thrown up in ImtgB vednrnr, lijill-fi|!rd her 
littk a#aailabt and eaiingnbhrd iu Art*, h I ben drilled cm to 
aea wilh tbe t-u rrerit, voder a bcary grape and aia»k? try £tv from 
|be much ilirmtd rrcv of Ibe New Irciwde*. Sappteib^ tbe 
"Dai id" dLMb]*d,G lakeland hb-aiFb jaaiped inlo lb* «*a la awim 
aabora; but alter reraainioj ia Lb« wattr nkut ^m bunr b n» 

piirltid ij|i \'\ tbc LhJo.1 of a Federal tmnnpiirt acb^Qn^r, irhtflM h* 
wh trari^k'rnid lo the guardahLp "Otlowa," Ij-ln^ [iu|#-ide of Ibe 
r**l n>f live flg^t. He wis ordered at rtrat, by Admiral Dahlgr*a, 
to be Iroihed, and In uatrti of r-LTnlstfiritis, tu ba doubk Ironed j but 
tbmujjli tbe i^lert*HHiora of bla Criend, CapUlri W. j). Wbillug-, 
iftiihiua tiding (be Ol(awa t bo wan reloaaad on glvlog bin parole 
not to at tern ;il to tmeajin from ibn abip, Tbp- flraiDan, SelliTao, 
bad taken refuse on tbe redder of ibt Slew Irointid^a. wbera ha waa 
dbwoverad, fyt In Jro.ni i°d in-yi [a k dark cell ox»Hl wol «dlb 



153 Sm/fAflTt HislOTKai Swfcfy Paptrt. 

Glaeaal to New Yofrfc., w be tried ind bung, as reported by Notlh.- 

am newap&p^ra, 3cr using an engine of war not re*cogrti#ad by 
cki-liMd nntiona. But the government oi the United States baa. 
now a. torpcJu pprpp, ialonded apeeialJy to Hindy and dovclo-p 
thai impojrrant brjrneh of the military cue vice. Altar a captivity 
of mirny mouths in Foi-U Lathyc-He and Warren, Gratad and 
Sullivan vcere (JnnHy c:wnangcd for t-bo captain and a bailor of the 
Fodfcnd *teamer ,[ 1-pa.ae South," p, lu-nvily-armed gunboat which 
was captured iit tin; Slono riTor, with ita entire ere* nf <ym hun- 
dred and thirty ufficL-t-n nur] oicn, by 3 ^urpriBC 1 had. prepared, 
with fetid nrliltory only, placed in ambuseidii jilnne; (.ho river 
bant, and under whosa fire, ibo Federal gunue,ra were unbbta t& 
man qimJ vmj their powered gun*. Captain Gla^wl'a othoL L two 
companion;*, Kngim^r Tomb nnd Fttot Cannon, alter shimming 
pbomforn whilc> espied the Dm?34 atill n,fl oat, drlfri n,n w i tb the 
current; ibey hete+k ihcmBole^g to EL, reditlhe. fir** from its bull's* 
eye landTn. 40I ij|> -U':l:ii :nn3 started back for the city; they had 
to "■■pp.w through the fleet and they rpccEved the firo of federal 
of ita monitora and guard- boai E f fortunatc-ly wiibomt injury r 
Wilb tbo aBoiatance of the Aood tido tbey relumed to their point 
Of dL-|qir|urv n at the Atlantic wharf, about mid night, after linking 
performed onaol the tftO^daringfcaLBol the war. Tha New Iron- 
side* n*:vfT lircd another hliot uFter Hit* attnfk upon bci^ She re- 
mainud some iiioo at her anchorage off MorrsN Inland, cvidenlFy 
undergoing repair^ aha wfts then towed to Fort Royal, prohahly 
to fit her for her voyjisjo to- Philadelphia, wbere she remained untSl 
(test rayed by fire nfivr the war. 

Nearly about the time of tho attack upon the Now Ironaldea hy 
tbo Dfcvtd, JJr, Uoraeo L„ Eluutay, Porrfu*rly nf Now Orleans bat 
tbon liT-iug in Mobile, ottered me another torpedcboal of a dEfo-rent 
description, Wfainh had boea built with bis private metric It was 
ahaped liku a. fish, made of gakanl&ed Iron, wun twenty fcot long f 
and at the middle three, and a bnlf feel wide hy fl <e* deep. Front 
ita abrnpe it dnme to be known &n iIlq "fiwh L*rpcd^-boat.'' Pr* 
polleiJ by a afcrciv worked, from the Inside- by hqpah ot eight ini:n t 
■i '.vflH, mi contrived that it could be aithinei-gt-d qiul ir<irknij niuJer 
water for aeve-ral hom*, and in tl>i* end waa provide with a fin 
on ejLeh .-^ido, wgrkc<l n!wo from the inlorior. By depreaaing the 
po]n(yj o( th^ve Sua ibe boat, when in motion, was made to deacend, 



Torpedo JSertffct fa Water Dtfencts 0/ Ghfitiestm. lo8 

aod by elevating there it waa mwlfl ta rine. Light was afforded 
through the moans qI bull's-tyta placed in. tbo ma<i-hol*£- Lieut. 
Fbyih\ Confederate SLates. Navy, hiving ^lunwtred w^h a crew 
lr«n\ lha CkiB&denilo Navy, lo nun tha Uab-boat for another atta-fllc 
ii|M"»n ikiL- New IronBiden, it was given into their hands for I bat 
purpoB*. While tkd tn> it a wharl it Fori Jobuftiem, wbcTico it 
wis 1 to siftH under trover of ni^bt t* rJake the attack, a atoamer 
passing nlo*fl by enpidMsd and sunk it, l^cut- Payne, who at tbo 
liias waa ttiiiidin^ En one ol tbo Wandiolca, jumped out into tba 
water, which, rushing iin*j the two open i njj? h drowned two man 
tbfo within the body of the Hut- Aft&r the. recovery of tie 
sunken boat Mr, I [unity eatno [fore, Alobik, bringing wiih lira 
Lienbc nant iJiiton,. of 1 ho Abba inn volunteers, who had sucms,^ 
fully expertntgnted wIlIi lIio boat in tho hsr-har ai Mobile, si) J 
(littler J l e 1 1 1 another naval t;rciT vnlutiteerad to work it. A* Origi- 
nally deigned, tt0 lorpndo was to bo dragged aatern upon tbo 
surface- oi tint wntvr; ibo boci^ upLiruaebing the broadside of tbu 
vessel to bo attweked, wua to dire beneath It, and, rising Lo Ike 
KtffftH boyond, continue iWUOai^i^ Lbus bringing the floating tor- 
pedo against tbo veil's, wd>, wIiuil it would bo diw barged by a 
trigger tout rived to go off by tbo eonuivl. Lieutenant Dixon 
made repeated djfi*C4Ril in ibe harbor ol Charleston, diving audar 
tbo tibvuL receiving ftliip which by at anchor iborL-. But one day 
when he wau abaent from the t-ity Mr. Haniey, untortunatuly, 
■wishing to handle thn boal liiftitolf, Made tb-u attempt . It was 
tC L 4idily ijidniiLMj^d, but did not riao a^ain to the aarffl.ee,, and all oa 
board periabed Frflm BsphyKULtbn. WIll-h [bo boat *va^ili.suovi.irH!d, 
raised pud fpeued, (he apeeudo « _ m UuksenS^bly ghtotly; tbo 
unfortunate man were COnlflrLtjd into all k. i r* ■. L a of horrible alti- 
tudes; Kiimt L'luUfbing eandlea, evidently endeavoring t*> torco 
open the ninikJi Litfc.-i; at hem tying in the bottom tigbtly grappled 
together, and tho blackened laeus-ofall prKfrniad ibe exprL-saioa 
&f ihtar de&pftirand nfji>ny. Afitr ildfl lifa^sdy I toIuhcJ to par- 
mit the boat to bo used a^ain; bat Lientancwt Diii^n, u bfdvaand 
d^ttrminvd miLti, bej)vLn^ ii-turucd 14 Clmrli'Siou, appLLed to me for 
authority to upo it a^;un>t the Federal *t?a,ui etoopof-war Hanaa- 
taaic, a poncrful nt.vf ttv^mA. carrying cloven jri.ihui- of ibe tar^eat 
calibroj which lay at Ibotirae in tba north cban-nol ctppii3Ltt> Baaab 
IhIl-i , mnrerially ub4trnotiog tbu ptLsamg« of our b3oekade<rui)ners 



154 &ndAmi Ifi&totiail Switty Ptiptrs, 

Id ah J oul. At (he cugg^sitnn ni my obier-of-stan*, Gun, Jordan, 
[ -consented to its um for Chia purpose, not aaa fiubmarine tnaehlr.*, 
tint in tbe nawv manner un tbe David. Ah tbe Hounalonic was 
easily approaehed through interior ob&naola frtnn behind So I IE- 
van V Infand-, and Lieutenant Dixon r*adi!y procured; a volunteer 
(ww, l«w little v'otAtl wcw filled with a Ijva epar torpedo, and the 
expedition was undertaken. Lieutenant D-i sonneting v.- 'ah elinr- 
nc(4ri»lic oOoEnes*und resolution, struck acid &unu; tbe Iliju^itori ic 
on the ntjfbt, of February If, J6"&4; but u nbnppily, from some, 
unknown eaupe, I he torpedo boat van also sunt, and. all with It 
tost. Jjev^d j-cur^ jint'u a "diver," examining the wrack ol the 
Hoites.Ltf.iak', diflr-OYun-U [In: lish-bftiK tji"JI nlAn^ri<ii]c of if victim. 

From the commencement of the eiege of Charleston 1 hud. been 
decidedly of ihn option thai tho mcml offoctiYO a? well n* fai^t 
cottly method ol defence against the powerful ironclad flle&mera 
and monitor* Originated daring the tato wnr, njs lo une against 
thcui s ui all but (twill dieamerii of liyht draught, very Inv,- cLl-^^^, 
and bitlPp iron-eluded down several feet below tbc water- line; these 
boata to be- armed with a spar-lrn-nedo {on Captain l^e's plau). (o 
tbraw; out Irem the bow at the moment of collision being inclined 
to ^tritfL* hela-w (he «*nemy'« armem, and no arranged that tbe tor- 
pedo eould be immediately renewed from within for another 
AiUCjk; all vnvh boats to be painted gray liku lbs bloe-kadc- 
runncrs, and, when employed, to burn anthracite coal, no as to 
juake no-smok*. Em unfortuTnitely I bad. not tbe meanMO put 
the flj-stem into ejreoution. Boon alter tbe first torpedo attaek., 
made, as related, by tbe David upon tbe Sew Ironsidep, I ranged 
a Btuabttf Of bonks m>d burets to be »rmfrd with ^piir-iorpeHdoe-s ior 
tbe purpose of attaekinjr in detail tbe enemy 1 !! gunboat* resorting 
to the Bounds and barbers along tbe South Carolina wn«(. Hut, 
lh(? FVIltilLm bjiv-ing- bet-onm very watchful, e-Lirrounded their 
steamers at night, wltb aotlinp and floating booma to pre^tntfbs 
torpedo boats from coming uearc-noirsb to do tbem an/ injury. 
]£?«n in this outer harbor ai CltarltMioii, wbe^e tbe bloekadors and 
tbeir conaorte were at anchor, tbe same precaution wa* ob*wrvcd 
in vmlwn vreatb^r. 

The anchoring oi the large torpedoes- in position urn* attended 
with icgiiaLderpufe danger. Wbile planting tbcm at Ihn mOath oi 
theCeoperaud Auhhjy ri^er* {wbieb fijrm tbe peninsula ol tbo 



Torptde Sfrfcitf in Wktn- IfeffOaS vf Ohez-leston. 155 

city of Charleston}, the steamer engaged in that duty being nwang 
ttrflmul by the returning tide, struck and exploited one of the tor- 
pcd04S jilSt anchored. The ar.camek< Murik irn mediately; but, ftlrtn.- 
nalely, tbc tide being low and the depth oi water- not ^rcat. no 
live* ware lent In lg^-4, Jaoksunvilb, FJqtkIp, having been 
evacuated by tbc Confederates, then too weak to hoLd it longer, 
the Foderat gunboat* frequently rim up the St. Jobn> river many 
miles, committing depredation* along 5ta hanks, To atop tbeje 
proceedings L sent a party From Charleston under a Htaff officer^ 
Captpin Pliny Bryan h tO plant lorpL-dursj in th* c-himitaU Ol that 
atream. Tbe result wa& ibedeHlrucliorj of several Urge ateamera 
and a e^HHulion of jlII !L:iriOi'4lntjfl an tbe par], of Lb« Other*. Id 

tbe bay ot Charleston and adjacent streams 1 had planted about 
ooe hundred aid twenty- five torpedoes and some filty mOr-e In 
Other pirLS Ol nty department. The first torpedoes used jil the 
tat* war were placed In tbc Jainca river, below Richmond, by 
Gen.flra.1 G. R. R.ai in-*, who hecjmLLi afterward ehiihf Ol tbe Torpedo 
liui-i'nu. Mr. Barbarin, oi Haw Of lean h. placed also auetoHBlolly 
a larffo number of torpedoed in Mobile bay and it* vicinity. 

To show tho important reHiiLta cbLaiued by tbe use of torpedoes 
by tbe Confederate? and tbe importance nltaehcd t now, at tbe 
NoL-rb to thut niodu of wurfun-, I will quote litre the following re- 
markf. front an able article in tbe last September number oE tbe 
Gnhxy t entitled, "Hai tbe Pay afGnmt Nnifie* Past?" Tha 
author eaya: "Tbt r^uL application of aabmarine warfare datea 
from the efforts of the Confederates during tbc late war. In Octo- 
ber, 1S62, a 'torpedo hur^iLu 1 was esciibb^beii at Richmond, which 
made rapid prugre^ jo tba COriAtrucLmn mid Operqlin:t8 Qf LneflO 

weapons until tbe close of the war in 19G&. Seven Union iron- 
clada, eleven weoJeti war vcwcls, pnd ms army transport* wore 
destroyed by Rouilu-rn torpedoes, jind inAny more vrera serioualy 
darn aged . This; destruction oten rrcd, fhr- tbc tihjml purl, dn ring the, 
last two year? of tbe war. and it is Bue.geallpe to lain It what might 
have been the influence n:i the Union cnusw if tho Con tolerate 
practice- of submarine warfare bad been neatly as efficient at the 
Commencement ae Lt was al the eW ol tbe war It Lb not loo mueb 
to fli*y, re&peri.ing tbc blockade of tbc Southern por'Ji, that- If not 
altogether, broten up, it would hjiTe been rendered so inefficient as 
to have eomnumd-cd no reapect from European rjowci*, wbib the 



156 SautktrA If fetwimt Svcttty Papery 

eonatnandol river*, all important to tbo Union fareaB aa titucii of 
oporaUonPi, would havo Ijch'il nest to impossible. 

* f # » * Tf * 

|J Think of the dfl&tritf(i*«i thin infernal machine effected, and 
Irtar in mind its nftij tamo to bo fiilrly HtiJ^nfin<nl, 4in<t aoDifl ay*, 
tern introduced into ila arrangement, unly during the last part of 
tlio war. Uuring a penod when scarcely *ny vessels were lo*t> 
and very few severely damaged by ihn most powerful guim then, 
employed in actual war, v?<& fttnl 13lLa Ioji^ list of dinaHlers from tbo 
■usa ofthh new and, in the tj*j;tnriin-fj, mu^li deAptacil comar into 
the arena oi naval waffarc, Bui it tGrfitilved just euch a record as 
thi^to nrousw n^vui officer* id zi-k thomxokcfl tboqinrttio-n, * Is not 
int days of great navies gone forever?" If sueh comparatively 
rudvond improvised tgrptdee* made ueo of by lb* C<!mMte"^tag 
tanned suuli damage and spread nach lorrta nrrtgn^tlte Union fleet, 
what will be the consenjujn^w when skilful online era, encouraged 
by governments, aa ibcy hare never lw<nn ijATrtno-, diLiganLLy apply 
thomneivca to the perfecting af ih.1 p terrible weapon? Tin *ae- 
e**w* *f the Coniedei-utea ha?e mado ibo torpedo, which beforo 
vroa luobcd on willi loathing—* imimo not lo bo apokiin ''Stept 
contemptuously— i\ recognised factor in modern uuvnl warfare. 
On alLaldea we uo tboejrcalc&t autiviiy iit improving It" 

I cbyll now rcft'p bristly to the use in Charleston bitrbw of rifle- 
cnniinn und irniL-elad floating and laud batteries. In tbo attack 
OQ Fort Sumter, in 1GG1, thew war appliances wen* fir*t used in 
the United Sluteitv Whom I arrived at Charleston, in March of 
tbp.t ye^t, to osaumo command of tbo foreea there assembling and 
direct tlie altaik v Ft?ri 5iiniLer N 1 Found un^ur e<>iifllrii^cioB a 
r*Pj;li (lemitig hatteiy made flf palmctU* i^jpS winlor tbo direction 
of C'a plain ilam i i ton,, an flS»Ui»tct! Stalea naval offl vvt. Hi: inten- 
ded to pinto it with several abteta of rolled iron h en<b about lliroo- 
r^nai-tent of an inch tbitfc, nnd, w jiwn it witb four S3-poHnd&r 
earj^jnadMi.. llo amJ bis hnluny wcro an much rMticuicd,. Lowotoi, 
that bo Wsnld. wiiL difflcull y obtain Any iu fiber aasiBlafnw from tba 
EjtaLe govoromctit, .'U- mims to ine in jfraat Jtetoa™gom*nt| aud 
eKpm*«d in vivid termB hid wrtaiitty of auccea^ and of" rerota. 
tioiiiaing fuiuro navjil worfuro as well ax tn* ton«tructLor of waif 
v,'*«lfl r I approved of Captain Httaaihon's dotign, and Laving 
secured the aoccflsary rtieana, instructed bim Sfl flniab bi» batiary 



Tinyxxto Service in Waicr Ihfcnfxs of Charleston. ~\ r>7 

at the earliest roomeot practicable This, being accomplished 
Irtforc. the ntt«ck On Fort Smrater Opened, early in April I placed 
llif floatine; battery in position at the weetom extremity of Su LI L- 
Tnn'u talrind iu enfilade certain brirbeno guns of tbo fort which 
could not be reached effectively by cur land batteries. It there- 
fore pluyfd nil important p*rt in ih^t brief 'Er*™l.fc 0( lliirty-thT*g 
hours, receiving many ahola withou-i any serious Enjury. About 
one year lut-ur, 1 r» Hampton Rond% tbo Mstriinnc, plnlcd and roofed 
with two layers of railroad iron, met the Monitor in a momentous- 
encounter, which first attracted the attention of the ciriliwd world, 
to ih*! important ehangc thai Iron-plating or "armora 1 " would 
Lheaceforth create in naval architectii re and armament*- Thv Ono 
And a. half to two-inch plating used on Captain Hamilton's floating 
battery baa already grovrii to About twelve Inches thicHne-w of 
ctcel pla-tea of tbo om quality, pal together with tbo atmoil 
care, in tbc effort to rcniit Lro bearcat riflo-sbotA now unad. 
Anoint the same timo that Captain Hamilton, waa conatmcting bis 
floating battery, Mr, C, it. Storey ot Charleston, [who afterward 
died a brigadier-geii'md At th*i b.itLle of Chictamaa;ja,) com- 
Hianced building an iron-clad land batlory nt C'Lnnniug'n. PiAnt, 
the northern extremity ol Morris Island and the point ncareal 
to Fort Sumlu^—tlml is, aboct thirteen hundred yardn distant. 
ThEa battery waa to be built of heavy imboti severed wilL Ohe 
layer oE railroad iron., the* rpiU well-fitted into each otber H present- 
ing an Inclined, smooth surface of Abont thirty 'fivo degrcea to 
the Are of Samter; thx' mirfiioe was to bo well (jreawed nnd tbo 
gnna wore io fire through entail emb^nrea supplied with strong 
iron abutter*. I approved also of the plan h mnLing Bach sugges- 
tion* us jhv experience us an engineer wnrraotcd- TiiU battery 
toot ad fi«ti?n part in the attach and ven* ulrufck ae^iiral times ; 
but escepling the jamming and dibbling one of the abutter*, tha 
Lattery remained uninjured to the end of tbe fight, 

Fmrn Camming'* Point fll&n, ami \a the same attack, waa used 
the- first i-iileJ cannon fired io America, The day Iw^ort I revived 
ordern Irom the Coniedura-W {ioverfiraobt, at Montgomery H to 
datnand [be e-vaouation or aurrcn-der of Fort Snmler h a vp*?e-l frooi 
England arriving in tbo Ouior hqrheir, signalled that sho had eorae- 
Ibinjj iraporta.nl lor tba yave-rnor of the Stat*, I eent out a, 
ttarbor boat, wbich returned with a e-mail Blalcely rifled-gun, of 



15& Southern ffisioriwU Society JRajtwrs, 

two ihd a half ine-bea diamoter,. with only fifty roondu nf nmrm- 
nition. I placed it nl on6fr he-bind a flafid.bag parapet nest to tfao 
Steven battery., where il did opporluBe e<orvico with ita tcn-pe^nd 
ahel I white the ammunition lasted, The penetration of the pro- 
jci'LilcM into Hit? briuk manonry of tbe lort was not great at (tint 
distance, tut the piece had groat ae-Curacy. jind ae-ver^l of the 
shells NiTiriM-ud ihn cmhriis.ureH facing Morris Island. One of tbo 
offleera of tbo garrison rcniJirkr^J after the- surrender, that when 
tbflj firdt- beard the singular whizzing,. *ereeQ.liing sound of the 
projectile, they did not understand its cause until, ono of the unus- 
plotted »b^tlv hcing found in. iba fori the ray»tory was solved. Ah 
1 pr*o( of tbo r^jjinl nLTidud taken by the- Artillery arm of tho ner- 
Tick, I shall mention that two years, later tbe Federals fired against 
Fort Samtfcr; (r*m nearly the Sflniei A|iot, rifle prDjeetilea weighing 
tbreo hundred pounds. Mean time I bad received from England 
two other ftlak^ly riflud cannon of thirteoD and a quarter inches 
calibre. These magnificent specimens of heavy ordnance, were, 
apart iron their immcn»fl Hiifr, d Liferent in eoAS[rncti.on from, mij 
thing I had averaeen. They had l>ctn bored through from muzzle 
Le breech [ the breech was (ho« plugged with a hra:?* Mock viUOLd. 
ing En to the bore, at least two leat, and into which bad been reamed 
a chamber about I'ijrlitmnv inohea in Length nnd ftix iit diameter, 
while the rent catered the bore immediately in advance of this 
chamber. The. pfojeeiLtcs: provided were shells weighing, when 
\"j,-\> \, ilIimjU '!ii^.- till .-iiv I ;l:J lilly [nnmii^, an- 1 s='ili-l .y!;-. iri^i! 
e-bot* weighing Haven hundred and thirty pounds; Che charge tor 
the tatter was sixty ponod? of powdor, Tho first of theac gnna 
jeeeivad was. mounted Id a battery specially cooatructed for it at 
"Tbe Bntturyi" at tbe immediate month of CoOpcr nv^r, to efnn.- 
raand iho 1 niier fa arbor. Aa no instructions, for their eer^ico aocom- 
panicd tbe gun^ and the metal hntween Hil- t-xturior .■.Grhiecor' lha 
breech and tbe rear of the inner chamber did not exceed mx to 
ei.irtil im-bea, Aj^mfit ilLL L-ipe-rLaoee Id ordnanee, apprehensions 
were exoitod that tbe yun would hunt in firing wilb *o large a 
uhnrgQ And sueh weight oi projectile. Under the slrtum^taneea 
it- wi»dirtcriiii™.:d to charge it- ^ith nn empty Bhcll nnil the- mipi- 
mnin. of powder neceti&iry to move St ; tbe charge waa divided in 
t^p eartridges, ono lo fit the small roar chamber and tbe other tbe 
main bore. The gun waa Bred by means of a long lanyard frora 



Txpedo Sen-ict in Water Jkftitws ef Charleston. 150 

tbc bomb-proof Mllftctrtd tfl the bfcttery; and, tM apprehended* it 
buret at E.L-C first flroj eT«n with tb« relatively amall ulmfge uiwdj 
lha brass plitg was found alpi-Ltd hank at least lliu iUtesnth of an 
inch, splitting the brcecb with throe or four distinct cmeka. and 
rendering It uaeJeRS. 

"With ftn&b nresalt I did not Htlumpt, of coup 1 *, to mount and 
uro the other, but assembled a. board of officers to study iIil- firirt- 
<!i|hl<! ihflt might be involved in the peculiar eorjgtni ctioit. and to 
make cxperiiu^nid generally with ordnance. The happy rc^idlg 
&f the extensive oKperimc-nls made by tbis board wilb many gana 
of different calibre, including niu*k«lA,At)d lust oi all with the giber 
Blnkdy, waj that iFtbo carl ridge were not proved down to Lbe bot- 
irnn nfctn' bcire o( a giin, and a space were thus lelt in rear of the 
charge, a? grral a velocity ton Id bo rmpnrtcd to tho projectile with 
a much smaller charge, and the jfun waa subject to Ja&s uhrupt 
«lraiik from the exploHion, bwnnw thin sir-eh umber, affording eor- 
tain eaon for [be espanaion oi the gases, gave iLniafor the inertia 
Of tbr heavy mau of tbo projectile to bo overcome before the- full 
oiploeion of the eharjre, and opportunity was also giv*ri for the 
ignition of the entire vhnTgLi, m thru no powdur wna Trusted an in 
Ordinary gunnery. When this was discovered the reniumiug 
Blakoly iraa tried from a ukiiJ, vrilbom any ennridgu in the. rear- 
chamber. It fired both projectiles, shell and solid shot, wlih com- 
plete success, notwithstanding the small amount ol metal at the 
Bsirehiiiy vf the breeeh. 1 at »nts u til i«ed this discovery. W« 
had a number ol Sineh epIuniVijLdM (rumniitLrighn CharleaCon after 
tbe capture: of Sumter in 1SG I) which contained a powder-chain - 
bcr of mfps i i--r iJi-ii;it' L..:r [bun the ^aithre n>f the giin. TJh l vent in 
teat- of mis powder cha ruber was plugged, and a new vt-m opiin^d 
in ud^anre of the ]>dwdh?f ehanaher, leavaajf Lbe lailL-r to nrr^e as 
an airnchnmber, aa in our use oJ tbe Blake^y gun. Taey were 
th»:n rillvd jinrl Imisdul, and ihtia lumed into admirjibli] gom*, which 
wero efleelively emptoj'cd ngntintt Iho Fndoral iTon-tlada. I am 
(Uipi-linjtl Lhit ihn utiw principle adapted to theu-e gin»n bwt not 
been used for the htRv^ vpijnitiKie of the preaeut day, hi it would 
ac^ure great economy in weight and ooa[. The injured Iftlakely 
g^u wp^ Kul>nr<pHntly j.h<>raii^(tly repaired, and madfl aa effioiuiit 
aa when Aral received. 



160 &au(Amt ISsicrieat Switty f&pen. 

In tht!. year 16&* P while in charge aeengineor of |h? fljrt-ifiGatlonfl 
of Iaiuieiana, I allcnccd a target praetige with Leavy guns by the 
garrison of Fori. Jackson, on the Mississippi, river, llit nhjeot ftrod 
at being a hogsbvud flouting walk IJta oarrorit at Iho rale of about 
(bur and a half miles an hoar. 1 W*s struck wiih the dJtBtitiLtieB. 
of I railing or Inserting the guns— Impounders and 8.iuob eolum- 
biadfl — And with the consequent inueeuraoy of the firing- Ri'float* 
ing upon Ibo matter, I iS<jvim:d anon nfWward a simple, method of 
overcoming the dimeuky by the application o< n. ^rnvk and lever" 
to the wbnijlft of the Aasfiifl of the guns; and 1 »enl dru wings of 
E.h^ improvement to tlio Uhlef of fi-ngincorr, General Tott*", who 
referred them, with bis approval, to ihe- Chief of Ordnance. In 
I In- i'(niim: *>i il few weeks the latter informed m(f thai his depart* 
mem Lad not yet notice*! sn*y grtnt obstjuslu in i tavern in o; gu na on 
hwvinp uhjeci*, and therefore declined to adopt my invanrioo- 
When t-biargrd in 1361 wilb the C^ndidiM-ato alack on Fort Sumter, 
I ducrihtfd this, device to pevcrai of my engineer and ^riLLIery 
officers; but before I coiihl l.nvi* Lt applied 1 vru ordered to Vir- 
ginia to a^HnniL- command oi the •CoD.fcdcralo lorve tbs"- Assem- 
bling at Hanaseaa. Arnn-wjird, On My return to £batleuton in 
l^JJ, quo of Kit artillery officers, Liculci-anl-Olonc] Vnie*, an 
Intelligent and zl-;l!mua soldier, applied this principle (modi tied h 
bow ever,) to one of Ihv benvy guns in Oh: harbor with Nqch ftulie- 
factory result* Mini I gave hrm orders, to apply it as rapidly u 
j,:.v-;i..i i :■. L .:i-:i- ^1 Ll :jl i-i.i^ wliLvi iv-o ll..-n l,.,-i mounted. 
Ev April C, 1&J$, when Adhiiral LSHpoul made his attack on Fort 
Sumter vrilL seven monitory the New Irorurides, etjv&ral gm-taat* 
and mortar boal". One heavLeat piece* had this traversing appa- 
ratus ad anted to their e.bae*is, and Iho result realised fully our 
expeditions However flow or Pant ilm Federal vessels moved in 
th e i r evolutions, they received a steady and unerring firi\ vrbkh 
at tint dis*Oreeriui| thein, and at Sasi gave ua n brilliaitl victoiy — • 
dibbling 6<ro of the monitors, one of whieb t Ihe K«okuk, sunt at 
her anchor* I hat n igbi. Ilia periLneai lor me proleiwlorjaily lo 
rnnfirk ihal had thia Federal nnvsA at tuck on Fart &wmnr oF the 
r.Hi oi April, IWifS. bte-u made nt nlghl^ while- the fieot eould Lave 
ni*ilj' approached near cnon^b lo see ihu- Jort^-a la^go, lofty 
object, cohering shjvi- ml acres — the monitors, whitb were relatively 
no amaLI and low on the water, could noihava been seen fruid the 



Torpedo Service in Water DefeneCi of Charleston, Ifil 

fort. Jl wtMitd Live beer ImptfoaibLe, therefore, lor It* latter to 
Lav* pelarocd with »ny icCurariy the fire *£ the fli-c;, imd i hm [il.n. 
of jtlaek could have beuQ repealed every niglit unci I ttn? walls oi 
the fort frho-Titd d-htb cromlfkd under this GnQrmaus miwileft, \*lii*b 
ifled.fi hole* two anda fail Matt deep in lhr» wall p, and chattered 
ihe IbIUkt in an alarming man nor- I eoutd natLlicn hju? a rehired 
daring iLe day ihe. daitifljfjea of the night, and I am cnntickiil now, 
as I wau thoDj tltnl Fort SumUf, i< tbus alladmd, muai have- boon 
d!.*4ib3cjd HQd ailonrod in a few.' day*. J^iich ft rtjAult ftt ilmt tirftft 
wonM have IrtQn n«(iCJ*ai-Llj fbllo^&d by tlio evacuation o-J Morriv 
(irsd Sullivan's Islands, and h joOh after, of CharleaLoa ItaalF, fbr I 
bad vo\ yvi bad time to eempleHs and arm the «y*tom of worki» 
Ene-htdiag Jamea Island, an J lie inner iiarbor, wlLea enabled ua 
fliE mnntlia Jolpr to bid defiance to Admiral Dab3gren'j powcrEhl 
fleet and GLEmoTG'ft strong land Joveta. 



1S2 $onthiTi\ Jfislorvnl Sorter^ PHpfrt, 



1 Ke i Irw of t b* Flrrf Two Upj^ Opmtl™* it <!* UT'tarf ■•* A **f lj I* 
tirnrral Lang^m! bj {cfwral Hi J- !_**., 

[Kvin IT hlijilJinl nrrfea >nd m IliERfj ptjiuUlion JM nH, +Ml[t* Mu t* 
ijirik. wi if* *urn IhiL our rtidt-n- will be fjliiil (li Ii*v* th* fbltewiag ppp*r 
frimi nn« w clop+lf niliiJ to cur kit* I CwiMrHMrJnr.lh'f lilif. J 

Th* " great bnUbi trf GtityB-burj^ 1 hai alwii? * tfcMtipicd a promi- 
ntnl rmalltt?D \n tbt! mind ol tho Currfodcralc aoldEer. Tbi* mir. 
pawing Iti'rtW I* dnii from ib,t lui iliu( ilioiii prevail-, through- 
out Ib^Koulb, a wido^pread ™firf**qm> IliM had ibo planftcrf the 
Soul hern < iii.. Iliir Ihcrn lully rnriohml, PhtririJ into, and. fiirird 
ool by hi* «rp* ton madden-, the hi' Cora "rebel yell^ol Eriatrph 
waaht barf responded along Otaeicry ItiJ^o upon I Lai wJehraled 
■d 4 sly, IMS* aad rfrrchuinj; Iron I be heijfbu uf Rrjnd Tap, 
m-l^hl bar* been b?ar<l ami h**ded around tile wall* ol Wa*bLn£- 
Irm, Hnl hmorr, *hd PtiilnJeltlliia. TbrMI ii a j(K|i«llin>'-<^ atujuL 
Ibat [tit! are *i| the *lriiiyh al G^tlj»l"irif v ibm Ihe blood ol the 
bcnKH 1vb« jMirkhcd tbrlnB fl*rvin bill to fliL |-l-ji«h> ; and urflr thai 
upkmdld M'tijkn (if liuiLiAn touraj^ti and Iminiin Naerifk'r, I bens urisuf-t 
Likf ilia ghoul ol Uanqiio ul Jlnc-hr-rh'ii hniHpul, 1 dreadful uppari* 
tin!*, wlih-L pji)'a lIidC cht; bncLlo waa loxl In I be Suul fnim IrrHtpsi 
hraaintj Nl *urrin otl*J hlnnduri.'d-'" MililiLty i'1-illi*. Ifaivipin uml nfltw-ri, 
Lniv ilifrVhc-J Aii lo tLe individual T*H.]^rntbf3||y of what was prst^ 

:n ;l lly :i 1..-1I. L- r.L-i- -].f .. i . Thv KltLch bI Uiral . iv.ilry 1* lifted 
jfl|A Jf nr»l piTKliiircnoc und ii WHiatriMl^I La f j*l fOM^LiidtliiciJ by 

ibe H ■U-ifich l of maiy of tb*w ^rHie* ihiL lb* failure v> tni*ii 
llio tW'rjl ftT-rriT in Pcrn^vUania [ft l&fl enn be cxprtwvd ^in 
flra wonl«' u (t**twfal [t«(b n ina late paper la lb* FbiFadcIpbJa 
Tbta), Via: "lbs atom-* of <mr cavalry ; " bul mrb lingnp^B im- 

pJifa an tetU'Qltnh agnLntt Ucucral J. fe. ft. ,Hti>a»*. iu ccntimaculcr, 
who but baco (-foant;?*! wttb a n^gtr^i ol 4nty In rot ntporlinp; the 

pMappf^af Hi i> Prjiomai by [looh#t-"h nl-puS :il' i-i ■■■ :in\< Ml-iuIu'i^, 

and wHli dl eobcdicr co nf onl^rK, whi"h rkPuik^il in plntrmj^ tho 
P^fj^ral limy bulwrth h\» tfjininund [Hid lLo Jurcrt ol (i Lihvml Lc*, 
thereby pULing ouL tbe ejea. of bin own "ft»nnC," Thrro am 
ihdH w]*a bri^ii: aQ T Udubk-? [41 I be door mn] rnHl llu-lm at tbb f«t 
of a^oenl Kwcll, ib« j^al]aiil conKDander of tb« S«fmd porp^, 
wbn it pbm^rd wi(b nolobeyin^ bit rbirl'» ondc-rF, by foLlowiu^ 



Rcpbj to Gerural LMtjfStrttt. 163 

Tip biisuc^is- fl-H'l OMppying Ceitmlary HsLghL* upon tao Afternoon 
&f July lat. 

Otb-ors eonndenlly j^rjo wili Colanol Taylor, Gen&ral Lee's 
Bdjimint-geuamf, that M C antral Lon*[*tFwt *** fwif'y "S*i ncgr 4-1*14 
mi:Li :;.,"ili:iv.->" ■■:. ■.hi- ::n-i .Inly. :-i ■!'?'■ snaking tits liHhcU v«i-ii-cr ; 
and ngjLin it )ft Stated, [tint bin tllflrging egSymn upfcn tbn $nd, 
wbitb moved so m&gnifaomly to jsaiiili tha pcitioitaof iha Fad*,. 
mix, v.-ilh not ooaflpoatd of all Ibo troops (aLsnoral hnv designed 
stiouM fce, placed in it. 

And Ijisi, (*ni by in a moaris least, llns ConfcJcnito Commander- 
in-Chief blrnaelf i* now lor Ihc firsi UnU ah urged with everything 
ralnting to (he dita#lc-r of Ketiyabury, find the wbolo ibctount- 
ablELiy far tbo roa-ulla of the baltlo sro puim^dlj- pla^LiI upon hl^ 
shoulde-re by one of hifrrttoffdUutU*, 3n a paper nreparad tor lLa 
Phil-adelpbis 7"j'nw, To whom, thcircftvroH it may bo naked, cm lb.0 
lona-of :lio baULoofGeLtyrturgTie prppflHy attributed— to Stuart, 
ftr Ew»*]l 3 or liO(ij;fllr*st, or lo Goncral Ijye? Very rn*ny of bsj 
who iirs deeply iat&tttUd in lLhj subject may honorably 4Lffur aa 
to lhn(, but ii]K«i llit Splendid «HtrafJO dixpljiyud by lIk; nnk and 
Ale of i In- Confi.-de.KiLo anny upon those, tamo first daya in July, 
1863, YfltHTOf K^ted, the. world unites in pvrfpCl harmony. 

We wara indeed "within a Htone's throw of pence-" at&tftvA- 
bnrg— nnd ahbough in numbers a» esJ.OOO* is t* 1*5,00*, h^art 
any portion of either winy bud beaoiua ong^ed— yet tbo aJvin- 
ts_«e« wrro s(» mnnifeALly oh General Lea'* aid* in vOn&viliLfncu fll 
tht mem fftpid isoncentnuion ol his troopa upon ti common point, 
that the bo:irt of WW& Souther a soldier braL witb llo Lofty confix 
done* of certain vi-cLory, 

Any now lighi, then-toia, thrown upon tbfl mailer in discussion, 
mIliihIiJ I.li wcll-nifted before permitting it Insdiliiti fariha heittntof 
the fhUiro hiatorjan,. Iws iubsaLt by falaa raya tbo ayra paihet in 
itiindji of gtfnorationa yet to come. 

Tbe Philadelphia TiiXt nf November 3rd r 1STT, in coiumonlttig 
u|K*n Kdme- additional polnta fitrninbtMl ibnt pamr by t>(rncjr»l 
Ijon^&treel aa- »n iddflnda to h\$ uniaLo publiabed in lha aata^ l4*u«, 
"ft-ya: 

* •fVli.M Tl-flvri—Tim r**il«l hrCt- Li nr*ciil lllMK J. Tht&t tWll tJ III UDI «U IfeHii 

«[ MW*1B«r». 



](H Southern Historical Society Priper$ r 

"Tin* l-gtior from General Tjon^ireut whidi ntjcOropAnioij - 'n--- 
enelomircti, divcllH pnriicuLiirly upon a p.nent which bp miaboa lo 
bare hie rcadere undoretaaid.. It ik Hint t.t 1 1 i t l- (Antral Leo on [be 
butt le-fl eld siwnm»d all the pespoai nihility I fir thv ttxuH, he after, 
wards published a report ilml dilTan> (mm thu report lie mado al 
the time while under that ((enti-oiLfl flpirir, General Lonejii-ireet 
and otbcromeejw made i heir orThud r^jsf rtsi upim Hie battle shortly 
after ila occti franc, and while tliej wern imprc-KMCHil with General 
Lce'u- noble aumimption of all lIil> blumr;, but ton*;™ I Lee h riving 
since writ 1«ii a deluded rod. KOfuvrkui fcritinnl iiteouul at the bal- 
tta, LcmgiUreeL feels hLmaelf justififed JO diheuuainf; the battle aporv 
it* merits," 

IVhilst claiming Lbe sarac pri ■r'itajr.fl mi » Confedrate tidier. ^ 
yet, would not hinro flsccrcieed it, being; only & chivalry m im, who 
added ta laie. K jingling Apur" nni even o "brijjht sabretache," hut 
only a poor record, were it tint my good feritine to bare known 
long and intimately (he Com m under, in-Chief, and to have con - 
W«d with him freHpicjtlty do ring and *i dco tho war, upon the 
oporationa of the- Army of Northern Virginia. 

Fir*t th^n, kt mi flKmninn lbs charge thai the battle of Ceityiv 
huTg waa loaf by the "abBsnca of our cavalry/ 1 Tbo cavalry of 
(•eneml Lee'* army in toe tjeUysbnrg campaign coainhied of tlm 
bripjLd^ of Hampton, Fi(ahitgh JW, W. H. F, Lw'*0tndor Chain - 
bliw}, Ikverly Robertson, Wm, U, Jonoa, Imbcdca, and Jenkins, 
with a bltttKon und^r Colond White. The Aral throe named 
Accompanied Stuart on his circuit around tlie Federal army, mn;b- 
inj* Gotlyabiirg on the find of Jnly^Joncis and Kobertson were taflr 
10 hold thegapaoE the- Blue Htd^ ami did imi g,-Lir> the vjpiniiv 
of G-ettyAhiira' until alter ihu bftUleti M that of all tbo fore* 1 
Onuraernto, Jenkins 1 brigade and White 1 * haUalirtn nldite. e-rowud 
the E'ninmiH! n-iili the ftrmy, { I m.bdd en's command wan (tat ached 
aLpng the Baltimore Ai Ohio railroad, juiJ wji-% not in the flffbt at 
Retlyfib'jref), Stunrt alter B^htincj at Brandy RmiLun, on thu 9th 
of Jmiir, p larg* body or. Fcde-rAl Cdvnley Noppurtflif by inlanlry, 
And forcing them to recroe>i the Jtappahannoflt river with a In:-* 
|[10 them) nf c, E0lir liLlidr&d primaner*, tliriti: ]iijjpurt yf arlilk'py, 
anil fc» F «rat colore, 31 general Lce'e rcpertj, marthed intu Loudoun 
county upon lh& nght il utile i-ar" ihi: umiji-, mid ta^l^ onjjpgcl in * 
aerie* of conflic-tK, terminating wtih F]enBonton J fl. cavalry corfii 
and EarBca' diTiMon of in Tan try, VJJMa tho Sljjt Ji,»iu n wJ»ielq caused 
him to retito to the vicinity ot Aabby'a Cap in the Blue Rid,ge h 
ovr gn/rtnfry being npon tbo western side of Ifao meuntaino. 



Rqptjt to Gmrrrd l J ont/sttttt 1$5 

IrftTttg the hri04« fafon ntolioB*d to tuld to* pouliop. Sta- 
in 1%*b 4 in lb* tieni»t oi * A«riff i'en p-ire n hEn by Uenrrpi L*a 
•fid po#i«ted En bit report, dclenninnl \n pn"« to I ho rear of the 

Ffhkrml arm y and c-rnss too Potomac at Senec* Fall*, a point 
hc-iw^^r Hi nt army And their fcupiinl, Tim", H will Em Men, inela- 
dEn£ the hi-l^nik pnd feattftli&ri *A cnvulry wktch 4Hnnp<n<jd the 
tnnKimH of the army, Ihul ever m^trntf Oi Hie CAYalty was |*ft 
In pmipiloiL 14 lm hhc-iI by General Lnn. 

linker, in fain dispatch. t» hi* 'PrwUbnt, June 21al. (JtpporE 
on the Conduct of ibe 7,tr r T*kmu l r pag* 271J,) roftnHng to 
Rluprt> c-mimanij, Jtaym -Thi* cavalry Inh'd bui hitherto pr«- 
Ttoled me Ire-m obtaining niti»fiictory ihlormptiftn ad V> ihe 
wbftnWali of lb* ea*.my, lhe? bnd nn'ted all I heir more- 
nwpl*-" CrCQera! Hooker bad r< fcr*w lo 1 llW d r« brigades bold, 
itjf tt>P roanlrj btlWOtll bt* atmy mfd iho marching nlanit si 
General l*t* — Jchb it* bring in lmnl ■rf' ih* adva^c^l earn* (B*. 
rll'pj with C.iUiirl Whit*?'- Innrmlicnt, In pdditfon |<i hi* nivi| e<?m- 

riuind. Tin' r:ivpjij- H-f.rp^ by the return «cf Hay Stpt, 1343, nura- 
Iwird iP.SSiJ, According to a. li-tlfr in>rii Mjii-it Hi.rU:l]jii, At iinrt'd. 
4' A. (+., tliiH foreo wftw divided abnuLu follow*! II am pi cm, 1,300; 

FitK tjrL>.2,t|iin ; W.II.F.Lm, 1,811ft; Jr O.WM; li^tn-rtHfio, 1,000. 

It Ia jutijiyr 10 ilnlo Llint III* fl^ufe* abuvo refut 1 lu the u^hmed 
im-» i*ph;iiI tar J«iy. Thu total efltaliv* f lronj(lh (intlmiTO of 
<iWwt») ntamberc<l h according la WullL-r Tuytaf, n& that da.t+, 
ir>,£&. (t *m mimfl-cJ. Imm b cpnv«r?atioif with (i^n^nl ilobcrt- 
HD, lb*1 McClftltan vVcK^liltialc^ lh« hambvr of men in J opt*' 
btigm^ir. and [fcurclOPt tiikdcrEMiipfllr* the numlwr in «apq« <rf |fao 
4lbvr brixa4rf-> Tbrr* i* bo adtbctilkat«>l mam aftrr ib« abar* 
daiv atiiil Aufru+i. Atitr lb« nCom abe** fltnl, Ibe Icweft at 
Branly Wta1i(Ui fi^bi, tbe three day* flgbH tij in Loudunn, ifac cn- 
WnnVrr at WeHminp,tor L UflTvliiri-l, llitnoffr, p0nfl*flTBi)i4i, und 
other jwliiU, ofL-ui-rHkl, i^'tliiT ■.villi iUpi u*>va\ rvdut1.iai» of 
mfluiiluii tfnnnj fmru lon^ iind r-Ljnd iBftreliln^f. It U ]»rci|hjf to wLy 
ilial tlm rolurn nijoctd did mil inck«to lb» wjFnman«lH «E J^nkin*,. 

Iinhi'il4ni, Hhr H'||.L(< L „ ticilL-ral StUnrt, In bU i^-Jujrt (A'l|ficnl- N^.p 

1874, ,¥(iH^ArrFi Hifitarie&l S™'(fj^ Pepen, p. Tfl.) HFlimAted JtmLtn*' 
biHanth-.on l^pvjnj; Virginia, ql ij^HUii it(ki|„th. ] think tLii* nniti- 
Wr s» in-nbably a mi^prini; Irom lb» bent i liforma'.ion L tau g«t, 
IbLi »irn;j.lc nambartd at that liue t,600. i:H«j Bwl««' oMn'ml 



366 $Mtttmi Jfistarfcal Society Papcra, 

report.} Adding th In Eiisi nenrbertai 4,500,, (JfeClctlnn's eatiitmle <rl 
ftokertaon"e aad Janes' brijjad*,) and putting IV bite's battalion at 
£00, tbe rc*q]t is a eaviilr*- Cbrco of 6,30.0 doing duly for ibe 
main army, and: greater m nbinerieal ttrengih cbjin the tbrrci bri- 
gades Stuart carried witk Lira, wliicli at Gettysburg uumbeied 
k-=- lli.n 1 'lui... WinUl iinl tiiiiSttr^iri^ Si-i:ii-l':- niiiicji :.- 1 1 . -. - U-l, 

movement under tbc circumstances, 1 n^rert Vbat be bad tkn Com» 
trtBJLJijjg-Ci.'-nc^rii nei/niSflEan la make, Si; [General itis^"* report, 
SHtfA-fm JfistQrittil Swi'rfj/ /Vrprw for July, IBTfi, |Wi£e 43;) 
that it invoked n Ipsa c( material, nmd men to the- enemy ami 
dr«;w Kil|iiirick'M And flregg'fi division* <>l cavalry from their 
apigrraslvc altitude <>n Mcad^flank and front. leaTing only Eafbrd'a 
to wnleb for tlio id^oTip* of rtur irS&]jii, and boneo v-c find only 
bk two btFgadea ia tke Federal front on 1L3 nral nl Julj; tbil 
it kepi Uio Sixth Federal eorna, Bonn: 15,000 men, from reaching 
Gelt j'iburg mi til after 3 P. l| r {m tbe S™t of July; |£i£ it caused 
General iloade lo Hond lien-cral Froncli lo Frederick, to protect 
bis communication^ with from G.flOtf to 7,000 niiE?n, (the latter 
Bgaw is Waller Trior's, estimate, pngo 118, "Foar Ywn will 
General lies,") and prevented lb at bod} 1 of troop* Jromn bein^ 
made cW *f in Oilier h-ny*— wbicb" fWoc, BulierfieJd «nj"i, Ilw'sw 
{before being relieved) con tern phili-d tliruw-ing. with Sloenn/a 
Corp. in General Leo's rear; and finally, tbat there vras iuflicied 
a )g^ u]ihn iliteiiomy^es^irry o^*nfe**P% ncnr&,aa0v (3tnarl r B 
report, p. 70, Au£u*t J?o L , lE7G r SsKiAflMi Historical Saeittif FiJjwj.) 
The Federal army trotted tbe Potoinne upon (.be 2Gtk Jun<i r 
General Leo heard it on lbs nigbtof Ho 29lu, From a stout, and 
not from Imp eavatry commander. Stuart crosaed between Ike 
Federal army and Washington on iLc nigbt of tbe 27[h, and neees. 
«ari)y h Irom Wm [iLiftiticjn, egubJ not coramuuimto iritli (J^uoral Lee L 
Jl-e eeot in format i*n about ike tn^rvb of lln,in.\n:k invrnrc]^ ibt> 
river, and ^ftortbal ^msnotiTi poBtlLon lo do mora, Tb« boldueAd 
<}i Rejteral Leo'i* QffchAivio *truU^}", m (krowinc; bia army upon 
one tide of tke F'otomac wbilftl lenvJii^ bin ad Dmitry uyim Lie 
olhcr, made- it jjuriicuJarly Tjce^wary (or Lim to know I bo move- 
ment* ol tbo FeJeral army. Stuart, witb bin uspetieuee, aotLvity, 
and known a^ib'tj (n-r ftii-cl* wi>rfc h *tiou3d lia^c kcnl intflrjwaed 
always between Ike Federal army and lii* owa, and wliilm work^ 
ing tio^G un i(fadc'« lines, bavc boon in direct t^mmttnicoliOn witb 



StpUf to Gtnwal I<ancj&tfvri. 16-7 

Idsowii army commander, h i* wglt known ilmt Gaaersl lie* 
JflftflWl, altar erofliirtg tlit Futomac, beouUM bo wbh ignorant of 
the movements aivd potUjoii of his untagnnisc. For ilip*n,ind rea- 
son he groped in lHc dark si Gettysburg. From lLo ZQtL of Ji»m 
(c July M, (ieneiYil Ldd deplored Stuarts absent, and riLmMl. 
L-ourly wished for him, and y.-,i it was. by liia permission hi-s during 
cbsei of eavalry wa* away. Genera] Stuart esnnai, r.ber*IOro p b* 
churned willi line rcAponsjiUfky of the fuitcire at Gettyfl-burff. I>id 
mcb I j l i 1 1 i -ri ■ Arte (nam Kwcll and JiiLI not pushing ihcirsucoci's cm 
the 1*1 of July? J have always been nut of those who regarded 
it a great, misfortune ilmi these two copjm com m aniSer* did not 
continue to (orea the fighting upon thai dny- E:tob luid two lili-l- 
siuna of their corps engaged, tliu* leaving one division to ea^h 
corps, Tlfc, Juhnaoia of E well's, and Anderson of HiU'fc, nl (heir 
AOrvieo for further ^ork— -sOmeHiing over 10,0*0 men, The four 
divjyionft tugged npon the Confederate aide in tao battle amounted 
to alnut £2,000. The tnsjs ftfint the renu I st of Ike orjemy, tit Eariy'a 
division anioan Ltd. to 5S6, {Early h a roview ol Gettysburg, Dmm- 
ber number of &?irffifrfl /jfaferienf &Wfty Pd/njr^, IST?, paga £HT h ) 
leading him xtitt uboitt 4,500 fighting men. Jloth says, (uco hi* 
paper in Philadelphia Timri t September 32M, 1&77,) he went into 
ibat light vrith 7,000 musketa, and Lo&t 2,700 man killed unci 
wounded, Ho ww still bj£t with. 4I,S00, Fftini«uLug t | ]aM four 
divisions,, at l lit eJose ot tho action, aL an arern^c of 4,600 men 
Spiet-e.. we had 1S.00O men ; add lite 10,000 ol too two division* not 
engaged, and there will be frmnd 28,000 men ready to move on, 
flushed u-icb victory nind cninfldenL of auccc^. Ocncrnl Early v ia a 
letter to mc. jtlo.oc'H tlio effactivo frfpcc ill Etv^ITh anJ Hitl'u (Orpa, 
on thp fnoming of ihu 2nd, jll 26,000 inon. Upon tto Federal *ido 
tbere bad bt^?n *i*p)£irJ tb^ Firsiflu-:! Rkv<rntH (jo^ts, fsiisr* one 
bri^n.dc r Smiih'rtof Sccinwtbi-'rt divihJon, left on Ccm.tter>- Hill ay 
a rewire,} snd tSaford'n two brigades n-f cavalry, An bearing 
directly upon this portion of the aubj cct, I £irc a tetLerfn?ni Major 
Gciio^ilL llum'^wli - ,. nnd also oihj from Culo-mil Uflcltcllrr. (.Tito lat- 
ter remained oit I be field *( Gvll j-nburg for *ig%ty ■ f*qr duj.-s After 
I he liiuile r mnkiiig iJctlcbes* and collecting data, and ba* Sinefl 
iiMi^jd the -field with over 1,000 eominiuii^ned ofliiMn* wLo were 
engaged, forty-eoven of them Uin^ PeneraU Cora-enandirig, (icno- 
ral Hahewlt vrritM of liini to <jeneiral Jloiajdnvy'-: ■■ M r. EaujLeU 



1$E) Southern JIi$tarical Socwty Paf/frj. 

deKa long xludy of tha ftcld In* gPTfln him a fund of accurate in- 
formation in great detail, which 1 be-licva Lh ti&L po*sc&sed by any 
904 ellMJ"} 

LttltT fretn OhH-ilL Wlnflrid lljnroels. 

New York-, JaMo/jr l7tA t IB7&. 
Mt Dear General: 

I am in receipt ot fau* of the 14lli istht... mu! in r^p-ly bars to 
sriy, thnt in my opinion, iF tho C'onficd eralca. bad: continued tliii 
pursuit of tiouem] Howard on tht? afUrnoon <?f the Hi July at 
Gottj^burc;,, they would bare driven hi m ova e and beyond Ceme- 
tery Hill. AEtoi- I bad! arrived upyn tho ftdri, assumed tbo oom. 
maud, anil made my dinpDE.Lt lobs for di.'fe.ndLnjf lIiqi point (may 4 
P.M.), I do jtol think the Onnfederale forco then pr*H0Dt could 
have carried it. I felt certain at least of my nbiLity to hold it 
unilL nig-lii, and u^nt *v<?rd to that cfireL back to Ejenerai Meade, 
who wna then at Taneylown. FlafLSL' noting \lu- following extract 
from my Icaiimony twloro the committee on ilia "Conduct ejf Ibo 
War" on tbfil polot^-Vol, 1, pngo^Oo, March ££nd, l£04: 

H Whni> L arrived and took Iho com man d, I extended thi> Etnos. 
1 pent General. Wada-worth to Ibo ri^ht lo(ulf&p&ten>*$ioa ofCidp's 
Hill with bid dlvifl-ioa. I directed Goherul Geury, whgan division 
b*!oai*cd Eo Liu Twelfth corjK?, (hfr eommiiiidHjr, General Sl^cnm,, 
nnithen having arrived,) to cuke jh^stiesivn ^f iho high ground 
towards Round Top. 

"I mndo ftucb dhnoAUion *-■* I LliOUght w?sa and proper. The 
enemy ovEduAi.lv believing tlm" w ^j wflio T^iolorccd, or that our 
whobi ai'oiy vm Uilm-v. tfi^ooniLriicd their (?) great effort^, and 
the battle tor ilmi diy wai virtually ovcrv There was firing of 
arldlcry a ltd skirmish ma; q iJ jibjnrtue front, but that was Ihoond 
of thai day's build'. By verbal instructions, and in tbo order 
which I h;nl r L '<!i.-ivfd Irum U^ncraf Mrado, I was directed to 
rapon, *.Her h^vLn^ airbed oo I be ground, whether It would bo 
nteL'ftsiiry at ^i*a iv^rvniinuo io light th« battlo at Gattjsburti, or 
whetlnit- it ■vrm ]im*H)h Jor lLpllij?IH to bo l»ad on the ground \i on. 
HenLlL' I ■:■■ I hl'IcvH'I, ,^eout 4 o'clock P. il. laont word by MsJl 
Slit^liL-ll, n,ii)ftdt-tiUjj p to [jfliicraL JLcjkK', that 1 would hold iho 
groand Hinri] dark, meaning to uEEow liini linto io dec-Ldo Iho mai- 
Kt f.tr him.!icir 

<L A.t wi>n an J hai3 pollen mnttora armn^od to my satiafaclton. 
aikij fflir- Uiat the troop* wei<e oolh^ loi'm^i atffiiiij, and 1 felt SL'aarfl, 
I wrulo a nolo to Crotural ilflado, and inlonaL'd htm oE my views 
of thni ground at ti^ttyabnr^, 1 told him that Iho only disadvan- 
tage wtii^h I thought it bad w;tB thill it could be raadity tcrD*d 



Apfr * Gflumi /wrfjwftW. 169 



by- wiijr of Enmrttrtinff, wd thai lb« ro*d< w*r« claur for any 

nor^mnil L« m^li! ipaJct, I had ordered all the Iran* bacL, 41* 
] r»rnB D[i,Ui cle»r the roadd" 

When 1 Arrived upon the field, about 3 P. M., or balwacti Lhn.1 
and 3:30, I found tha [joining about urer — the nfl*r of our Iroopa 
with Unrrjiuff through tbl! UJWIl piircili'd by Lie C(Hlf»jd'CrjiC^fv. 
There had hcen *n aLiampi to reform mmio di-t' tln> Klavtinlh eorpH 
m they [ibhhh'.I (iv4!T Cemetery Hill, lint IL hnd not hu-n 11 rurv us* 
ccmIW. I prunnm* there mjiy hn™ lir™ t.iKin t-» l.-'iHI m moat, 
orpaniicd troop* ol that corps, in position on tha htll. BuIdpI'* 
t-avjlry, In * Mjtiii (Drnuai^n. w»v*bnwiu}{ a Arm front in the plain 
jut beta* (in lilM ol battalion* b Hilt, it u> MJf rWoUirtl 1»ib) 
Crm*(erjr Hill. u> the Wt of lb* Tanrjtown road, 

f el Onf* Wat WadyWOrtb 1 * diTJMMI ol I lie I'Lnil *Orp*, p)jt 

battery o| urtHfory, u> i^kc po*t «i l"i!p> 11 il l d on oar rigbl. The 

rrtFinindpf of the Fir*t turpi 1 planed nn lb* rijjhl an J Jeftof the 
Taney town math fXHinetOnj* with the Sell of the Kl event a turp*. 
TIsMi- vurn 1I10 inMhp* aLreaJy on tin* brittle fluid when T liad ar- 

rived nlnl Inn I Itliide snV dittpo^tirmu. 
About (ho tima the abovcd»w?rlbeil dlipotltlon* won mada, 

WillmniH 1 divlvlCii 0( the TwulMh army rnrpN nihiii rlpfill Lliu field 
nml (ijuli |i'> - ■ 1 ■- ■■ r ■ Hie rigbl iL'id i-.-i- ill 'iV,,l .,hk. iT- ■ I : ■- .-".in-. 
ol the Flni Corp** nnu| h mbKfljiuiilly, Oary'p* dlviiiem ol the 
Twelfth corp* arriving, 1 eatL-MuL Lc. to mute In our led and occupy 
the aijebor urnmPLi toward* ItoiimJ Tup, lflJ prevent uj lornl torn. 
+k£ of njf (ell, (|r*]ing wife a* m the front), 

Xvm will ptirei^e ifcst ap to Iho line I tranilorod the <omrpsnd 
of oar Iofc** on rbo 6eTd to my wnior. ilaj..r t;*a*ia! Slocnm, 

wb* aniTrd iliet* b*IWOen- £ ami * chVloelt P. It,, lhe»e tWO dlTU- 

inux cif Li> c°rp* (WiJIiarnV and G*fliy"*> were ■!! !Le fresh Iroopg 
Mini had arLUally tnant-lipJ On tfte liaUt^ 1'ir-lil. 

IMfdiP piep, 011 thip point, the rtlluwiuij oslrnet from my «ftic.inl 
report of Uinl baUfoi 

» ■ * * * * 4 

14 At thU timo the T ,n irftt And Klevutiih finrpn vroro miring 
Ibroilgh th*i l"wa closely parked by lIiu onumj. The eavulry af 
Geiicnil H 11 frjrtL wa* orcupyioi; a Firm m*Jtifni «n tLu plain t^'th* 
I «" it "! lioLiyiburjg, roTeriof; the reared the retreating rorp*. The 
Thini ftorp* bftil not y*& arrived Erom RmnTiHtibar^', 



1W Southern l£ttorit#l Stxitlg Atpen. 

" Ord«a wtt* at out* given to «aiab]i«b a line of baHte on Ctrae- 
tfrjr HIH, with BfeTtiaiibr» ocrepyinj; lhal part of tbe ltt»-i* im- 
mtdiaivly Lb oar Irobt. TLc poMiioK junl on the *'vuil*rn edge 
of LiiriLy nl>urg, overlooking iLl 1 town and L-irmirtBiinJiiii tlie fcm- 
ttictipliurif ami Tain? v tow u roads, and the Hull I more Lurnptkc, van 
already liuiriiiiMv uvuupitid, oq my arrival, by dirvetiuii of .Major- 

"ftnnn dintcuhy Wirt ex|H)ricn4<«l In finniLnjt llw tffiops ol the 
KtiM-unUj LHtrjt'., lint liy vi^iiiui u flint* p iniflfoLp title- lortiiid&blo 

Line Wq* ['HnMfc-liL":t |u dnJLrr Ll.u OQM|Y iViKn |m ftffow n*=jilllt 
en iln^ |Hn,iLiim. They |mikIlL'hI forward n liiici uj b'alile lur a sbort 
dimmed m»|, ol Like liy I Lima™ lurnpikn, tin E. Ll Wa* cawly cheeked 
b_h lln-lm 1 i -t wiir fttl illcrj"- 

' "In Cirminj- the lino 1 recedlfed material B>*i»lance froto Major 
General 11 award. Biripadie-r^eiieraJ ff»nvn, BrigadLer*G«iefal 
Jl uteri], mp4 (iftrfra of Venerai UiiirirJ * H-.,nnnmnl. 

41 A* woon ■# I be S«e of ball!* MemtiHinJ #U>vc vp> pbn^n hy 
I be rncraji Waifrvrarllrg dLrinion, Fitbi rarp*, and a biiterr, 
{Ihou^lit In !<■ riii 1 r'rtib Maine,} wersplawd do toe eminence jittl 

WTO*" thr llimpili*, and romrpBn ill n^j fompliHul v Hli* aiiprftAch. 

TIM* important petition wa* li«M by the divHtoo during ibe. 
r^mniiMl«r of 111* operation* near CiflUjmbiirH, 

'■Tbe r*r*t o[ ib« First torpt, undue Mnjor livoenil UtnibWa-j, 
WHN nil (In- fijibl lltid left of tbo Tail uptown mud. Mid L'onncMlj.J 
ivit h [tin lell n( tliu trkr^itlli torpxf ivliirli oiwu ptvil Hint pun ol 
Cujiu'lery lllll Immediately to tbo rleflst and lull u1 Llto Haiti mare 
luritpilce. 

'•X division of UioTwalJtb corp*, nnitor Uri^iulior-tioiirral Wjl- 
liaiii«, nrrivpd a* tlii'»v nrr&njf^ntrulB wi-ro licitijj comp]et«(t^ uid 
vr n» «'kinh]iali^i|, by orilcr- ol ILujar-GtiOfrnk Slijeum, poik* dtslanco 
lo tin- ri#hL aihij rmr<Ht Wad»w-unb'i divi»i>ni, 

" Hm^n-liirticnctmL Gtan-'j dir i*ioti of Ibu T*cL((b corpi arriv- 
ing on ibr cT"Biad talft'eo.'sebLly bimI oot U>qdt abl« lo wiBnm- 

IikbIf *llb 31 »j-jr.U*'Otmjt SIOC4M n [ Ol^nf#d I be JiTtJtOO lO ttc 

bi.^Ji ^rtHtn4 to |bp right ol and. ri* jf K Hirnl Tuo moaataja. esjio- 
liiH«dir-jj I hv <ic:ij»6nrg- mod EuiaclubilrK fvwl, b* W*B as tin 
iicU^'vborg buJ TitVeji-TuWa ro«d to Mrn*r " 



TKb Tdlrd «0rr4, h*w***r, wm In tliiM prifjei hilt)', Caftilhg up 
on tint' rviiint«tihbiir^ road, and a. pcirLlon of It arrived tapoo tbc 
Add before nl^bl, Tbo SccCHdJ ««rp< did mH Miclt tbo fi*]d tliat 
nvuiiliij( h 4pn]y bwniiKnl bfttiol li nliuut thi'M ml If* In r#nrof Gottjii- 
bur^, vtIi-i'imj an important road came In 1 rain ilii* direction of £m- 
rneiubitr^, (o pn-v^iH any Lurhin^ of |bo trfl of flor army, in c**t 
Gfrirral l^ce ibDuld make any mortnienC ai tbnl niini* on ifao 
evening ol lb* 1*4, or «rty q« Ibe fnorniaji of ibi* Sd, i rontider 



Rtyiy to Gtmral IJmfOrtct 171 

Ibal , bad a pcotoa -*d straggle Ultra fdare ihoi evening {•her tbe 
■VlfjwHion* irtijrb I bare already described *■ bfcvii>* beta raid* 
by wpi. portiuai at lent, fif boib ibe Arfotid and T*5r«J torpa r 
m-lj^lhl haw bcuL'Ci braagbt forwftTi3 in I inn- >.<• hptfe Culci'ii pan iuiL 
For a Hidden anoo.lt or a brief ton teat, tbey wtmtd out. bowercf, 
bavo ln'i-n frVftilnblq bflfLm) dnrlf. tn r, I. rrnci' |.i Llm mint bo re of 
Hi? Vvml <uT\t*, ftfror It bad Lilian back fruin In front oi ll a town, 
ilihI n- furnvitL on Cumolcry Hill, I hnto bacEi n Hinlpnmnt in. I^itci' 

" B|it t Id of GettyyOlH-g," |mn;f $%', ll \ i n,u; t ln'in ilI L!,-l il> HiuJi; but tM 

Ifl lb? correct n«4d of Ibia tali male, I ranuol ppiuk will any lv- 
Iftlnly. 

A* :u tbe Elevaalb eorfp% I hart ilrva/ly ■ tared, that 1 did Dot 
think there were more Iban I,QW) to 1..3W of jfuitcd men ol Ibal 
1 1* paafliaa on Cemetery Hill at lb* liipe I nrrived then, and 
r«re ft portion of ?lribwehr J P division, wbieb, witb tbe 
ftftMUrj of IW corna, wms left tbere by Howard wli«i he muneii^d 
ap in tli* morning 

in reference Uj the nombere of the Second , Third, »nd Twrlflb 

i"i| in- return n dJ Jane. 30tl| ^m- ibiail -I n i, ,:Ui, pTWaBtfw 

duty,'" m InlkfW*: 

Ktfcond Hforps, .... IS.ttBR men. 

Tilled corns, - - . 1 i.T!)0 mim- 

TWifth corps*, - - * 8,*£fl diift. 

Tbfl I'lllb E4>r|M ramn up daring the Tii^EH of ihe 1+t, afidmortl- 
ing h'I Sinl, iTora llaoov^r — sm fu-llrttrinif *k tract from testimony 
«f 0*Bflr»l S. W. Cmwlurd, rao commanded *divi»ion in ibal 
i oa ibal patbi: 



"1 Wa* in I be rear di?ition of tbe torn* { Fifl L ), and on ihe 
**fln<™prtf lb* lit July J mart'bed tbr*n-h 1 1 mi i^'tr mid along tbe. 

read (brunch MrSbtfrryiowiL, inancliin« a mil Iwi-wwn two and 
ibn-i* M'ulnck in tbe morning, and bivoiiuekL-d m. a lown rjilk-d 
]ini»MnW|i; nitd bff«rs daWJI an Thnr>nlji.V. ll." ~>id nl July, n 
*Laff.riiHtvrnl tii'ncrnl hSykfH, Ltn'ii L-oiiLuinMJlN^ i hu inh-jh^ rewto 
to my bewlfiiinrtcrit ftnd ijlree|<si tun tn umlU'Ii my m l- it, wLih^ul 
pLvinpf lli nn any coffee, at oiiee to tho !■■.•! • 9 [ pitied tUc culamn 
lt> iqoLUn mill arrived boforu nutm in |li^ ivnr of ibo CH.htr divLt- 
\ut\n tif Un' curpsh'" 



Scuiikern Hittorititt Socitty I\iffrt. 

Tbe-Siith mrpi ttitil Haaebnter oa lb* «T«oin£ of lb« lat, 
ud marched a l| of tbal night and qaiil t no a'clwk P, M. «n lb* 
Jod, before It reached ttic jfottj. 

Il hu boeft utaled "thai Slelbwebr'* diction ef Howard a caxpa, 
flh lha flrel day, throw up laiwtt* arrjunj each gHo h go Coitmtery 

Er,;i ^!i.j w.Hflin .f iitrh n.-kri.r .HMktnrli ■, ; ^ I:- d-1y ; ||,- m.Jl 

|ww,.rlul boh* which Lfaa ^netiiy codd ill ro w jmninut them— with 
iULnoib and jie-rluvLly HctcI ptal forma on tvhioh lbs gu tin wuJd be 
worked." 

TbU it a grout error: thci* werv no wurk* o\ the tin J jihot* 
de*criuc4 an thai field when I arrived iLctci, ■i»ij aLI I hat I saw ia 

tf)B T*y «f "warW Wert BOM* holes (nol d«|t> do^g to Amlc lb» 

wb*dp aod train* of tic piece*. 

t in, T*ry truly jroira, 

WlJir* Haxcoce. 
T* Otmtrai PmiiOH Lee, BidAmtmd, VtL 



Lailtr iNini JpJm R. Ilfltlielutr, Knn, h 

Yon auk, ''Haw many troopa would hava opjapojwd Hill and 
E«ell bud the *H&fk bccri coo tinned on ibo (1ml day?" For repa- 
wn* alroady ojiptaEned, I act not prepared to give., biBinrfcalLy, 
tbe exact nuttibrfrp h but J nvi]] eaj- ibm ther* w*i but end brigsdo 
that bad not been engaged: StjeWa, rrf 9ldm<vbr> JJTrtmi., 
wfli*-b, with Hie batlrry remaitisd in mc-ir* on (Virnrirry Hilt; 
Co»t«r J » bfjfft«le p of ib? nn( diriiion, wm **tit oil ioeof«rtho 
rvirvai of tbt &*tc kth «q», but wv m*i Hdn after it emerged 
(ram the town bj Ho1i« r » and the IcA of ft at*' brigade* and 

Tbifro I ■ fro quraHon but what a combined allaek 00 Cemelory 

HI 1 1, m inki wi ■ li i n an ho-ur., would have lircn hiujcohai'uI. At iho 
end el nth hour the troofift had. bron rallied,, ocemnird strong poai- 
lloim,, wi'ivoAvarcil by ito-ito wrtlK and nridur the com round, and 
Tnajjnmk influ^nto ot t^ntrnl Jlnrfocfe— wbo in lb? m^wniimv 
had rTn.'hfld [he fleld'—irflold!, in my o|iinLuii, b^e brld lb« pssi- 
Uoo agalb*! any attack from the tMk>n« iben up, 



J?cjHjr to Gtntrai Ijnqttrttt, 173 

If i o'clock <JTe TV thing wa» rhanfred; both imi« were 
it thai t-opT, and bad lh* battle been tnxT«j after 
Ifaiil Id would have been bv fmh irocp* nn nil fa tier *ide r with oil the 
ohancai of -a new bn,ctl«. At 6 o'clock, Jobnwn*! dicmcm entered 
the town; and AndtiMtf* dkt*i&n mijibt In**" reuwhed thflru at 
tbc nnffln titAA jf il bad been ordered to do no. The head of t bo 
TwuiniicarpM nlao Ksohid the butt I* Held atLt P. M.^bul notboiiijj 
n-|Mii'iif| ni . On»p(*Ty Hill, (leary'ndivihinii wji» ritnvtid to Cbo left 1.9 
pcr4]*y ill li Lijfb liitiJ h-ear Round Tup, and "•ih" lI I i iLntw" division W-BJ 

tumid to iM right #* it moTPd up I lit 1 Baltimore pits, crowed 
Wull Hilt, witb ordcreto A#!:fc Lb« faigb Unci an the. Confederate 
left, wb«p« Johnson'* division jalmiqqeiitLj.' *|h5M the nigbL 

[f, therefore. IML end Ewett had renewed the attack at G Pi SL, 
with Iheir tall commind^ the two dirittont of the Twellifc corps 
weald hftf* been ta pontjoa to neet il. Tfai*. n t-eforo nnulifd, 
would b*TB bee d i new pbsH nf the battle,, toigbl by free h troopm, 

■Tid lliF-nTnrv *Lil-j«-*L CO mil thci □ncrrlp.intw'n of hjtUt; but with 
»l fi-rii; |iri.|[iil.'iliLirN in favor of Conlfderato *UW*M, The Firtf. 
eoj-|m li ti.il been engegjod in • long ami fcrwra tujuoic, in which il 
wan L-vL«rji-w|itT4 beans a and bad fluffereil heavily, Tlit? Eleventh 
COrj« linJ also auflcred as puueb. end poi'tinna or il wore badly 
dprnoraliiod- On the eontnny, the Con federal » fjree* wo:ild bar* 
OOntlnUoU the cngajfoiacnt with Iho prcniljpo °f Salary, Several 
brljfidu* bed- been badly oat op-, hut ulln?rw had fired ftearee.ty a 
■ iii.F,,ii-i il- prepuce ■■:' fp-'s.-r.t Lee, who bad now arrifeii, 
would b*ve gitrt a MW imput-e lo ibr 0*1(1*. H bj probable 
etfotijf effort* woald hive been made to bold the position ttaiil tin 
troop* of tb" Thiid mud. Second corp* rOald V* brCGgbl Up. 
Allhvijcb General Sickle? reached the hid MX ee, earlier btor^ooJy 
two fanj;adr» of bit command errived that ot^bt — theee rtmchibg- 
the fleldi mX taneeL Two brigade* were hrft fat Erauetlaburg na 
bold tlie pa*i lomrde Fnbr^rld,.and tifnemt JlMmphrey*, witblvfo 
briKudea of fa la div ifll-on. rtaebed iIilt El h ■ I ■ I at 1 o'clock thf next 
moro[ii|T. The Beuflnd. njorp? nr&a nHflrod lo moYO up to tjcltya- 
burj( h but {rcinarnl Jfan-Sfruk met St on lh« road on hi r return to 
Till?}' tow pi, whera he want to reboft to Qeixrat lle&de, add not 

nonnKl :■; il- | 1 ^.■^^■r!i -i- ci.- ( imajh-v. i.-nli-ivl .' !.. My n.l-- l-'voim- 

In cue ol an eDgajjciEient, Low^rer, the** troopi eoald bardlj" 
have reached the add helbrc ni^Iitiall. 



174 SoviKtm Hit&rimt Sontty Firpm. 

By ihsa brjiel explanation voq will we tbat t b*i t*»t ebaow for 

a^BKP^rol BUn-h w»» n-JlJiin the fiirl hour, ■ml unqufUlfnahllf 
lb*pmrf m i'*ljfrf 0/ tfttattfe wh <b<s faLlnrP to follow ibe Uni*a 
fim-t'* (|irnu|;b ib* town, and attack them bclnro ihry could reform 
AH Crmelflry Hill Lata**! mid TbantaV briuadef* ol Fend^r'a 

diT^ior, and Smith'*, of Early's division, wer* at hand for urth ct 
im^iuiiii, urn I li:ul ftrt'd Kfcn,Fw1> J ft abor, Uolu'is llakv>, ftbd Haj-a" 
bil^rtih-H witlh In j^fHjJ figbtinjf condition, nftd *L^rrtil otters wouldE 
Iitt^p dure jfood mtvEw, Tbc nrtillcry wjii up, and in &n 4»linlriblc 
powkiGft la bar* towered in awawtl, wbkh could have been pushed, 
Hi>df t corar al the bomw, to wilfain n ft* rod* of tbc I,.' Dion 

[HmiUmi, 

I b*ir» A luminal IhL of caaulitieft Id lb* Fim and Ekvmlb 
CQTp*. boL not at my f-ommand at pirwbl. 1 1 you J«it* anything 
addilwnal I aaall b* |-l«s«i. l> fnrai»b H, if at aiy duposaL 
I am *ir v VDBn TCitb mfKttl, 

Jho. B, BAfBCLftra. 

ThcM lr((iT* flaqueatiOEmbly dhow I bat had tt knuitrn it at ibe 

tlmi*. Mm paiilLon on the heijju'& Fuaybl lor an lbi> 2ml ctmld bsi^o 
fccuti yuLiiwI. on llm afternoon of the l«l by canlLiiuing ivithrtut 
ddny t1m purmk o1 the Federal*. 1 1 will l»n idiNtfrtnid that they 
aln> jilSli-m Lbul Llio success ot an ntt*K-k irmbi by »■* ufL«r an 

hniir'» drliiy wiiilM L.jVp' been in^fltVed Ln doubti t»6Btn.l Jlan- 
uuik "H*" ibpi an miempi bad be^n Hindu '-lo rvfirm wrae- of 
Ibo Klirvontb corps aa they parsed ««r Orcwt*ry t[dl, bat it bad 
bOl b*tn taons>fqt; »ad thai when ho arrived there, about £ P. 
hf L | tor* viira flftly Hdu l,t00 or l.SW Iroopt en lio hill, with 
&a<e^d 4 » e*Talry in- Ironl; and tha-l ip lo B P. M, iho ironpf lb« 
had b^a c«Jlrvlnt J cons the Fir*1 and KJ^vnub corpa had oalj 
br^n NribfbKfld by WiiliiiD^' and Geary '■ dkvi*if'h» oMlie Tn~olllh 
Mrjm, jiiderftlK-Uin.— npnnhcrinff UfffflbflrbyP»H*ro frf Juii^S&tli, 

Tlie ftqmbiT tol k-tti'd La the Fixwt eerpn amoqincd to 2,450 — 

ttn'.v, | in ■!■ ,-:, midn(Hn i 1 . is! I--I :■ v ■. i^ rinnnJaiiiJvr -,. h- i>ny>. 

Qf LliP Kl^TTiiih, (ho llnn^M'b,) 1,200. Kntiriatm^ Itu ford's cav- 
alry nt about 2,500 f wo would bare ji K^lernl fnrw, Up la tt P. f V. r 
ot UiBUHl," op]i4«iid to &ur 2fi.0fly. Birni-y'i dkiilan of the Third 



*fhi. In~'l k 1 lJ-:-ip>iii<JD< Ibnmm ifljr<»rit l»Hl « * J la llHMI*M|t Jl 



Rrplif to (rtntrat Ltrnptrttt. I 75 

Wrps $£cklra) mre the nest troops to affile; they -ml mo n p jibrmt 
aaiiHGt,le«5 one fondly left at Ernmetubur^,, and numbered, it that 
hour, i,&flQ. 

Humphrey'* rlivihion of that corps did not rsa^b the Held until 
townrdi mfjRij;tL-™(<J*injTjv! Ilmingilirayn, in n letter io me), tt 
will be noticed, however, (hat (Je-iKral Hancock uysllijH portions 
<?( iln,' ^!w?n<I and Third carp*, hail our nsuftnU been soiddon -or Lb* 
contest bvJef, would not bn*c been a^ailabLe until d*rk. If trrnE* 
fSgnw* n*o correct I am iluiIlutJelhI hi r^iflprmipfi thai "n link 
more matching, p<:rbap? n lilllu more fcfbting," would Iia^h gnined 
for g* tbe paflflo&aioit of tbe bright* cm tbe s^cning o£ the hi of 
July. 

On the other hand. Gent-ml Ratty, in a mnalorly nsvic-w of Lbo*o 
Opflmlttiiui \n ibo December number tyathtrxi ffittan^i Society 
i\ijHTO r 1877 a (;k<sa aoane Hiring reasons, iv Inch at 111 e 1\ nus j>t*- 
VL'nted n furl her advance, mad a moto eonvLneiiig/ by tno fact of its 
being wndl known OnH bo <Er4irc'l to rnoYO on alter Lbe reirempiig 
Federal*. I win well imagine ihm, with Mlg easting doubt aa to 
what portion of the FuJernl ^rmj- mjid. tbon within RtppftftiDg 
dbjeanco ft' tbf Kimt and K!lcTciith corps, tho qr rival nt a most 
inopportune moment uf what proved t# Uro a laixc report, <lmt Mtn 
enemy ttcto adTancine; on the York road, wbieh wfuld bavo 
brought tbom in the re*? ol the ConkdcraSo troop*; ■ li-c- Eimo 
Consumed in iniTe-<t idling the report; the appuntnt #(ih l i»^(Ii of 
tlio i. riOiny'M jiin-iLM-.ri ; n-oulil nil c&rnhino (n nuiko a Hibonlin-ulp 
e-om murder tie*ilnle- to take lbe rcapo nsibi Ly of be^inniag another 
battle; more eajHchdly ai hi« chid was- eluAa at hand, \ know, 
loo, Jirtiv- easy it i^ in the ligntoi subsequent a renin, to criticise 
on officer's action, H Young man, why >JIhI j-flnqiot fell me tbitE 
befn™ ilio baulu' r ? General Loo is rqiortod to Lave said in nn 
offltcr wlvo witi commenting upon o^klh t>f ilie movcmflnl? at (let 
tj-ftharg, "«rer a» Kapid :l man as [ am can see it all now," 
il]iiHerai«s. ibe poiM. 

Kt-ing at the c-omrmincfntoDt oE (ho vat Ewell'a chEel^ofttt^ 

kruMwiu^ itifl aolditrriy (^tialiiies, i lti\htj^ bi» memf ry, G^iJ forbid 

that I hkuuld luii'rj.nr wn^l (q detract from tbe splendid record La 
hji'n IhJi bibiod biin. Ilia ccr|;a being- t&ara juhjin^^ than Hilt's 
after the aeiton, wba oter n oud b^ bci-ng tbo Msnior officer preMn(- p 
haHi-auvL'il hi* conduct on tbe firrt, in not punning th& enemy, to 



176 SmUhmi Hittwfcttl Society FUtpert. 

bo criticised [ of ooareo, after I ho arrival of Ins chid, all Toaponsi* 
bllity WAS liken irOnk KiveSi in t\ol Oivluririjr iIil, lrHh;:.pii forward — 
it *va* nasamed by and is to be placed upon General Lee. 

WbiLr* the capture of Cemetery Jliil an tha 1st nonlid hsv-& pro- 
bably thrown Meade back on Ibo already HclecEed lin-c of PLpa 
Clay erce-k. in gaining H we would bnve nbptTcred tbo Twelfth 
corps — poeaibly porriona of two otlierfl — an J tku Fcdi-ml w-niy 
Offering hglttu lHih three 1 Or cuOre di it; 1 etirp* hif|i;-Cti f would ha^O 
beer a leea forEisidablo anlajyoniit than we found It on the 2d, from 
Cn I |ift* Hill l* Hou nd Top. Tbo ConfecJemk^ loo h would btivo auf- 
ferred an additional Iobs^ bul the victor, in meat inMunefcH, lo*ea 
let* in proportion W Iho vmiejuiibcdj except in an attack on lorti- 
5cd places. General Hancock, the opposing i3>mmjtndeT, Aw.-.* imh 
aimmer*tc Otis «tw oi those-. 

To the. operation!* of the 3d of July I now direct tfbBfiitop, nm 
wiih the *itf-«r ofgyliigO"r th? wbolo ground, bccno*i it has been 
iully cohered by official reports of the higher unkuMH oporniinj; 
there and bj recent papery some of tliem bearing exhuiisLively 
upon Urn- aiibjee( n bnt for the porpo**, of examining some of tho 
statements contained in tic-ncra! ltongatreet's article, wriuen euj- 
and published hy tha Pliilaili;]phla Tim& in Us mnn of Norombcr 
the 3d, ISTT, It in charged by persona, punie-ulni-ly froio the 
North, that Longfllrceca polilifAl apftstjicy. mikt the war, ha* 
made his comrades forget his service* during that period. Upon 
I hat poiol h will 1*1 I belie vf, as General Iivn once said Eo mn in 
Las inglcm, (referring to a letter ho had. re*eti/ed from General 
Longetrect, asking an indorsation of bia political fitwn,} llt&t 
"GeniiriiL Laiigstrcei hiw mnda a great m i fttufcrt,"' I concede the 
toniMitL'niiijus adoption nf pucjh. opinions by General LtonejsLreel, 
The lacl lb at he differs widely, avid has nut newti pnliilcally with 
E be great majority ol his old comrade? since Lbe war, hat. nothing 
to do with bia ondoubteJ ability AS eta&ldier during ibooonte^L. 
I jaw bint for iho nniL rinn? cm t!;o ]9ib of July* iSfi], nt Black- 
tin rtra Kord, oji iJio Bull. Iluiv, jind vrnsi impr^ivwd with bia insensi- 
bility to danger. I recollect well my thinking, there is a maa thai 

OAnaOt be. fltaiUpeded. For (b* lost ttmni I ftaw hint Eh ■■ Eiig/bl 
before tbo Eurirender at Appomattox Courtbousa, ji ltd there was 
htill Lbe Lull-dog (eofttity, tlin did gcjmliiiL' £f:ia(J /ftJl'J tboUL hi EH 

^biob made all leal ho could fc» depended upon to bold fret to bi# 



Reply to Gatrat £/m^ttr«L I "7 

jttritian. a* long u ib*Pf w«a ground to *Und opoon Tbaw atfpj 
aharwrteriMk* »*r* a]way» diPpUved hy him during lb* fotar 
ywrt of w«r, «m| gwiwd for him I bo «m briquet oi "Geo*nd LWa 
old WIT-faorM." But wh*to Getirrnl LfHigPllrirtL WhLlcafor tbc pah- 
lir firihin n |nifi C -r which ha* generally bei i n eon*lrin-d aa an miack 
upon the reputation of General Lo*. i| will bo LTLtlalaod bj a grttt 
many; Ljr tns, IrtPAuge 1 find it didU-nH L« rewndfo many *( hij 
■tPUeintim* wilb facta in my ppMeaplaik WUtla ihuvb ur* very few 
■ bo will d^ny ilim General Lon^ttreoL wu a hard fishier vtbon 
ODCt engaged, 1 tire net^r foun J »ny ant who claimed chat hu wei 
# brtl[iin(.*LrxLflfi»t; indwdLapon Its onfy ow&aigm wben lusoxcr- 
oip+q id Independent couEaonJ, Suffolk Bind Kooxvltta, lb* rowlta 
in tb« pobLic mind were not uljtlactory, It U, lb*reftjrfe h with 
eon* porpriw wm (earn Iron hi* pap** thai wbm in Richmond, en 
T*Ql* froep Suffolk to join Oeiwml Ln if Frederic kibarg, b* 
pauiod to l«]l Mr. Seddoo (Ineo Secretary o( War), bow m relieve 
lb at Viclck'bnTjj- Our wtoniihment Li mrrfaeed when w« 
lurlbiT. tbai before entering: upon the eainnaiga g| 15G3, he 
ruded » pnjrnjKe from Ucnrral L*o Hint tbc "campaign mIiciijUJ 
be one of wnVrmiTe strategy, but defend ivo Iftctioa, and npnm this 
underatAhdlng my (]»!«) *>mmt wjhi given," and that therefore. 
General Leo '-ga^o the order at Hifl,reb, H Our wonder talmi nates 
whnti Anally we p,rifl told tbal be bid a plan to fight tba hutita 
different from General Loc'e, and it At (Jtinaral Ij« bid aince uid 
11 would b*ru been s-nLceWq I if Bi1**pied. 

Tb* iDTEiiofl of UmiyCand uid PtDDtjrlraola wu snd&ttbtidly 
■ad«rt*k*n wLth & view of MmfHStartri ng tba Padand anmy, th*& 
In Iroat □( Prvderickvbar^L to a Hfar ditlan«4 f«m lb* Cvpfcd^ 
•nUca^iLkln to T*li*T* Ylipaim ai the (**•*»» <rf both anuita; 
t« pab»|*t ciaF irpopa upon s*w ground, Ibal I bo otd mt^bt Kcapt. 
ra.lv, and with tba itica a daciuva b*L(b> ftiugLi cin«irhfn! might 
be mniK prod octi^a of gvbptantlal nsaulla, TbrK \ttvta't*tn ndmtt- 
lod, not only Ja gmaa injbaiSco Jonn to tba meniory of General 
Lot, in bellowing lie croeecd ilia Potomaa buund (ant by ft promise 
to a, nubordLinjite to moke tin- movement M rtLr*t*Klfla]ly ofT«rt*tTe r 
laotkally defonjiMTO," ag cbarjpid bf CI«n«rfLL Loiiipitraut , botauch 
KporLcd. pramiaa eontajtti p, po#5ti*o reftmtlon opon yrnpral 
LWa mLLiinrj- Bagaritjr As wel] might, the L'jaf at R^qjuiiQ, acting 
u com mander-Ln-c bitf of bla anay n bava au cciioniitt^d bioueif lo 



178 Sttdttm Uutorical Swty Peptrt. 

tb* Grand Dsk* Ricbala*, or nadir hfca dn«BHiDHt r lb* Saldino 
Pan* h*r» tod btmtaif up to Oman Pa>h>, ib« hero ol Plevna. 
Tba truth I*, GafaraJ L*e »aJ bi* *rrciy wart full of fiybt u their 
'■objeftl»n fraini'" wu lb* Fader*] army ol tb» FoIodjk, aad 

u tbo»a pnnpl^" [be Caliiliidefate chief hod ranked Lo ntfilce when, 
ovflr and wherever tbe bast opportunity oranrrod, "flnUfgiciiEly 
nffcniaive ■ml tactically defeuaiPUj" to thfl onntritry iKH^'ilJmcutiJ- 
1nfi< An Jii-r^j- ttisfMfaa fo naturally an (vfTdinhlen one in nlratejry 
and UctkR, and history rarely prim* to an instant libera it baa 
dhd eontvitlniiod on a given point to pa1.10hi.ly await an attack. 
Tba dUliiKH* liom ill bait: tnatinjj *up[i]jrt i diflliriiU m-P.L1.Dr to 
pro™*, la li**Jf rogvJsbn the wboh quaatioft. 

Aa army pc pjtueed mini mof? or flj<bl. Tb* abanrdiiy of 
^jfi^inri"* atat«MHl U ibowa lr, a-jru^.n^ tli^ fi rv* : r :• t 1 1 1 n. 
Gaorral L*i knv all ibis; nor c»n w« nrrewciJe with tin- farta of 
lb* ca*a G«B*r«l Loagrtnvt'i rapnaaion, wfaamin be *ay a tbat hia 
papar lo tb* Timet is calDed oai by lbs (art I bat ho ha* "bwtn to 
repeatedly ihJ ranooroosty auailed by IhoM wbone intimacy with 
the OonnnaDdin^Gflffleral, Eo thai b«UK glroa an JtnporUo^o (4 
Ihoir ajv*nEcji," 

IHaoomnmrilfriiiiMnflj'v** a/frf rAri uwir Id Mr, 8 winter, the histo- 
rian, iwn« in hii h - L;\ino the MiHifl aitoulc npon General Lee wbioh 
bo tioe repeated in (bi« paper. It we*!, therofor*, In li irn. K p,nd ^aiBD 
out Iwilcim an j ol tbe nlleraneri now oom plain u4 q] wrn mad*. 
TfaooBIdal mpoHaof G*iwnd* Ewell t Kaj-ly r a<id lVndlrloo, writ 
t*n ■mpd afUr Lb* battle, dcariy *iaj*d U **■ ■*]] uadcnuood 
and expeeiod ihmt Geqcral LopgatraaL would make tbe main 
attack mrtf iff tbe morning of the 2nd of Jaly 

If Iktaa report* toaiaaed tbe "ily uadrF^orrvnl of mirapra- 
aanUtioD" or bin MQr«, wby did he noE a>k hlachirl eo comrct 
ibeir alateneoti*, pad net bira Ftjbt upon the record 7 Elia WF#la. 
tioni f hi ai^epled bow, waoU giwatly Injure tbe military repula- 
tiooi of General* Laa, Ewell, and Mill. Alt-n\ tta\ one ol wLom 
ILtb, tot hi*loTj'i i*lte r lo defijud tb«ir >ul nle*« lareid. 

I propone lo *liovr f (1r?(, itwa« (i«nom.l I-^n'aMitciitlon lo a'tatt 
at *u {itlwd trr an soon sa poflaibl* thnri?fl.ri.jir!. aooond, tlic probable 
t*««H of *Lmh ao nilat'k ppnmplly Iliads at an enrly boar, and, 
(bird, to ^ rami in.- tbo hUmiiiioi ibal (len«ral LdfigaLt^vL had # 
plan lo flpbi ibf baUla different from (rcoaraJ L«tiX wbkb p3ae 
Oaoaral T^h baa ai&c* aaJd would ba.Ta bae« eDeoeeefel if adopted. 



Rtpiy to Ctnerd Lenj+mL 179 



Ob lb* night Ol July 1st two cor]* nf GaneraJ Laa'a iraj lay 
it 490*0 proiimiiy to the cutmj. rtaJr. willing), ibJ eaj»e*iLng to 
tight «* wJy M po*«hk Cn tbe OPSt morning- feftd Uro division!, 

M' [,«*-* mil] Hood's, or tbe Ibrw 1a tbe regaining oorpi LtiD earns 
niptit tiiVH>UB«Kl HOiflii /onr in Mr* in re if. 

The naln ml inference to be dedueed from their poeitioiiB would 
bo that llio FaiJoral imops bajlnnirift: up wa-util concentrate, und 
(licLiiy En front ol the two eorpm already in ponilinn, wbilo the 
force In roar wauM bo o«d Co RlUnik *t Lha irio*t vLilaarabLe and 

available point. That aocb th General I > Lnu-inijm L think 

nn be u clearly entahliabtd bj LIiqI General Lontatroet did GOL, 
upon ihn Smi ol July, 19*3, ilk due dilU^nt 1 * in carrying cat tbe 
WMbw at bbt cWf- 

G«i»/ml Karly, a ilTision^oniaaoder in E'«tCi v4rpv, in a 
paper on GattTabarg, gi"* p. dctaitiJ urruin of a «o- 
< which General Lh bcld od the analog of lb* lit with 
Enroll, Jtodea, ami tiiBwIl^mpbieb General Lr*n*eHied very am- 
loan lor in attach to be tiLH.it aa early in pottibb neTl morning, 
and altar bain^ pennaddl thai H would not b* be*L to mifco the 
main nll-tn'V In Kwult'd, front uid, "Well, It I attack from my Hyht, 
Lim untrue L will have, to oinko tbo fctUok— liGtiH&lrnaL is a very 
good flulil^F wlmn 111- #*tfl in position and (ifetn. uvo ry thing ready, 
bat he >■ bo ilow," General Early fijrtbc* nute* thai General Lea 
Loft (ha conference with the dint! net undemanding tltat be would 
order T^nnpt**** op to make the attach early the oest mom Lag-. 

General W. N, Pendleton, General L«*'i cbhf of-artillery. twlt- 
tire ibm Otaeral L*# told bin on tb* (right uf tb* Lil, w ben b* 
f#port*J to bin tb* tt*hU o* * rewmnotrtiOM na tbe rigbt flank, 
tbil be H bud o+akr#d GeaeraJ LoDjp4rr*t to ailwclt tm th»4 Aaak 
at Hint-to* Bext raorniog,™ 

Tha otAcleJ rtpona of GeneraJ* Ewell, Barly, #dd Psedlpnin, 
all wjtiflrm thiB twitimonj-- funeral A. P. Hill, 10 biiofllcial report 
of tha batlb <rf GtttvsburLj, nys, ppfakiug of iLl> op«raiipn« of 
tbo tnonilrijf of ibo 2nd, "OeD^ral I^ntgatfoet was lo attack tbe 
left flank <*t tbe en cray atid awoep down h in Line, and T wr.* direc- 
ted toco-opurale with bin-'" Geueral Lonjf, Onaol tbe wilncMea 
EblndUE*d by General Itonj^trcH , wbo wa« at thai Litre General 
L*a'i military wcreUrj-, inya, (in ibu- portion of bli ktt*r wbiob 
(jeneral L«nptr«i itrand iieoaTeaieatto leave out, but wbieb Geo. 



ISO Southern Hiitoritol Society Papery 

Eirir tu lorttiutelr a Me to *ujip1jr.> "that it hu General Lh'i 
intention to attack IN *neroy nn tbe 2nd of Jcly u «axly it pn& 
tlPftblp, and it in my/ n|viiiiOfi that be imwted ordarA to tbit effort." 
In letter* pabfisbtiJ lit the Southern Historical Jfxttly ttptrt for 
JtBg»l*fc Kid SfrfitL'dilKjr. Ifl"7, ti«»rrpl Iiong filvim varioiin deUlla 
vbkb driDOTiJtralf I bat General Irf« expected Lengttretl le nUack 
•atly In tb» ipOrnina; o( lb* 2nd ; thai, at 14 o'clock, "General L**'t 
Impatience trecamo an nrjgcot lb at ho prnpiediid in pflrtOO 10 ha*, 
ten Hi l- niriv-cfBiinUi of Longitrecl;, that ho wftH- ntet by tbo wel- 
come tid I npa that J^npilrwt'ji trnn-jM m?rc in jnntiop ; and that, 
iJtir farther annoying delay a, at 1 u clock P M. General L*c"i 
Isnpasiniic* a^ain ar$*d bint to go in qneat of l*oog»lrr*t," Col. 
Walter J], Taytaj-, o! Ucnflrnl Wi start 1 , "b«v letter Geaara] 
Ldii puL r^ni ffivcfi to ili ft w that tan did not hear Ltin order Tot an early 
attack, says, in bia article pahllabed id tbe Southern Hwtafimt 
Society Atjvra Tor Sepi*mb*r, 1B7T, "it h genarally conceded f bat 
General Loagilrwt on tbi* «f»ioi *u fairly rbajgoabl* with 
tardlnea*; ,h thai he bad been nrpid the day before by Gennrnl 
Loe " in hapten hi a innrch j" and. that, on the ranming of tbe 3ml, 
"HenGKat Le* wat tihafcd by ib« tido-appWirBnfle of tbo troops 
□ r^:! Kt- flrnilj- tacaine rwtl*** and rode baft to ine*i GciictjU 
Long* in-*: med or^n him forward," 

General Lindmy Wi4kar, chief oFarlillery of DIIL'i eorpa, Iq * 
letter to me, eaya; 

lr|t*r n™- 9rvnl H* UaduT Walfcrr. 

KatVbWNP, T*. r JriJiail/yJJjA, IffJiflL, 



fJsnmif Pert 

My Uijin Sin: J cheerfully comply »Uo n rtqnoat Lo givo yen 
tbfc tollawinjE brief etateinenl: 

I w»». at GrlLyaWff. a* I ran(iQw4 to bo to the ULitttdrr *t 
Appomattox Court bo it**, chief ol artillery of (be Third, corpa, 
(Lieu ten nnt-Gcin?nd A, P, Hill, command in^, i nivl It wan, tlu'ro- 
fflrd, nrL'«riPary for me (o know on tbn cveniagof Ifac 1st of July 
wbai [JinjirttLilana ol toy Artillery n> rajikij for tbe neat day. 1 
kaTaajfmijr i m p Mnm I hat 1 btatd GeaeraJ l*w«*y itai*Teon>p 
thai be wiflbed lb* batllc Opebrd at tb« earticK pgAiibTe OHBieDl 
-tbe najtt morning by a ilmultaneoua attack on both (Lanka, and 



ifajjfy to GenernI Lttngstreet, 181 

that Ihia eouTereaCion twk piarc with Gc-nensla Lee, LoiiRjstrwl, 
Hi]], and perhaps F.wrelk. 

But I am positive tbat in meicing my lTmlmetionB from. Gone- 
■raj Hil] ? on the nigbt*f the Ibi oiJidy, ba laid mo tbat thfl vrdcica 
ware for (he AtLflck on tic heights to Ik road* at daybreak tho 
n<-xt morning on both flank*— that- tho Third Mrpk «■»* to eo ope- 
rate elb circum^H-nniyrti iilIj^-IiI datei'mine— fcftd tbnl tbe ArtlLLery 
aaould bo Md in readiness to mpport eilkmr flaph, or to adnwufl 
in front a.fi should tn dc^Sdud. 

Wo were r«ady at daybreak lb* nast ramming;, and waited 
irapnUantly for Ifac signal, B*twwn 9 Bind H? o'clock, 1 w« tying 
under Lho »bado of «. ireo u* ar Culonid IV, F. Poagno, who com- 
manded that day the reserve artillery of my cOtp*, when General 
Lee rod* up 10 him And, mistaking bim lor aria of (rc-ncrui Long* 
BtreOl'a gffioera, administered to hira A sharp rabuto Ibi- beinj( fnett 
icatead of Lurrying- Into position on the right. Colonel Pua^uo 
ci planed ^Kit lie was in lltlt'*, oOl Longslreet'u somimand, and 
General Laoal onoo Tip-iiU^iKi^l ijiid*Li^i.Tly fLskml, "Voyv" know 
where Gvoaral Lcngslrwrt i* ? ' " Ocdgfiej Poagno referred bim, to 
mo, MJd I immediately cum* forward from my position (whore I 
had heard dtetinelly Um conversation), Hid offered t* ride wilb 
Gcnfernl L«a to when I thought ha con Id find General Long?t-«t. 
As ure redo together Gatmral Lao rannifc*ted more impatieooe 
than I ever saw bim show upon any other occasion ; abroad very 
mueh disappointed and worried tLat the sllpgk had not open fcd 
earlier, nnd very anxious for LongHtreot to attack nt Lha vary 
earliest possible moment, Hs even, lor a little whlLt, placed bira- 
ta)i at the bend of oaaoE the brigade* dg 10CTJ tbo cnJncmn for- 
ward. 

I was fully satisfied then, as I urn Im.hu, that General Trt* had 
decided lo attack onriy On tha morring of the £d; tbaL be ^jw 
bitterly d:As]3|hftinted at the prolrocud d^lay, and that Ibis d«iny 
enabled General H audio to oon«gn Lrat* hit fon'e? n^id to occupy 
bay pgaiti^na, wb3eh wt -could havo B4iECd In ibi> moPDing, and 
thin IobI ub a tfTfl&t victor^'. 

I liiv-u ttiL- lioaor to be sEr H 

Very respectfully, yOor ohd'L aer^'l, 

R, Lr, WaLILBJU 



At daylLghi on ib* brhi; of the 24 G+aeraJ Loagiirttt w*» 
■1 finmi L** k a hud^nintn it nr»ip( nil protc*! aguBat mak^ 
Jag m attack, bui tfeoenl Lh "s**tnrd tawLvod u» piuck," «o 
■•>■• ftenwml LongrtreeL ,A* General J*w flnKrwiTda became so 
wot riod *l Hi * non-appearance ol Uciicml lxtngitroet'iJ troopa, it- 
it not n fnir fimwumiuion thai [icm?rjil Loiitfrtrcel Aid isWtd* 
received bin 1 nBtructiona? Gcqh;™] Jlood i writing to LoDgatreoL, 
■ays, "Ueimnil Lee was acawingly anilou.* yoiLBuanLd attack that 
morn Lag, aad j-o-ii mid to me, tho General l« A Kllte n*rvQiw Ibb 
nn>FnlPn; km w Libia mo to attack j 1 do net wfih to do an without 
FiekctL" 

Ib (i*Bcrm3 LongUrceL'a oflieiaL report »• fled tbal J 'I*wt' 
hrinad* wu ordered fonrwd lo ll> dirLtJoB durioj; the day and 
Joined about noon qd the SeL AvriM ** Am joOu'nj [the ilaJkvare 
toiot] I Merited Intunttisoi from the CuHiubdtDg-Geii«r*l to 
nova witb lb* portion of my ronmiand rW nr w^ lo gala the 
Emraclitburg road 6n the tncmj-'ileiC' * * - *nd tbal u * tearing 
that my iorw mi loo weak Lo venture Id make an BtUckJ delated 
until Gent-rel Laws' brigade joined 1 1* dirfttoo." A nd yet in lice or 
III*, LI* official report, b* ohaHRes Hu rc+|ioniiiblUly of the d<3ay 
Df bin atlftL-k to vner*] Lea ie IiIk racwnL pitpiir to iho Times, by 
writing that uitur receiving Iron General Lac Lite order t» attack 
Bl 11 o'clock, be waited for Law* 1 brifpuU* lo como up r and tha* 
" Qentral lit ataentM." The two alktcmatiii, | t «r,|| h* readily 
ptrueived, are at ririance. 

C«n*nL flood *ay» b« arrived, with fait aiaC in Iroat ol the 
brighti Qt GellyabBFgabonlj alter daybreak ub the warning pf 
lb* 2d, »d ih»i b» troope boob S3«i int? m open aetd Bear by r 
Colour) Walton. thieJ of artilbry, LoagttreH corpa, p(iU» that 
hia rtMrrn imJJirry »rrif cd ob iLhj fi«M *toat tfaa unt hour pud 
tvpsrtvd tharartLvEi T^jidj to go Into h»ltlp, Tbe CoracBBoding- 
GcarrBl ^a* inpftriabt— trfaj the dolaj? then until 4 P, M, in 
wlitl lifiifr>l Lh intended to be bin main altiirk? 

GptnTiil LongitPeet, in hie M-rroLlT*, t'ontuitda (h*t the d^lay ot 
acvpral bonr» In the march of hie column Eo Uiu right was <iooor*l 
LtffV (atllt, hoco the column wan- movvd uudin? thftapaoint dircc- 
tloni of Llutdool JghastoB, an engineer oAlnrorthe OommandioE. 
Cflnrrai h aod having far tbo time the authority of t/uoeni] L^b 
hibaiheli; «bkh he,, Loeg*irtfli, wold not Ht uidt. Although ha 



naally M b*c*j*a nty inpatient al l*i* d-l*J »=d dtt*rovo*n lo 
tak* lb* raapoaaibilitj of hurrying lb* ln»pe fcrwefd," wifeh ha 
did by whit lie *&emt to regard an jngrtiiau* Sinking o[ Central 
L«"* grftpWr *ia.„ i»arcninj» Hood, who wn ir AlcJja"*' rear and 
not ^worned by titinond L**'* dilatory ordina, M by the naovt 
dlred T«»uW h to Ibo position wsignod Lim. U the military prifl- 
cipV lie" cirtnbli*b*d by Gooeral J^ngnlreeL in <!OrF**l h wty 
would nut U have heen that muni" bettor [a hnva tLmply loll a 
plilrton it Ibe bond ofhis ooBsmaii'l to f(n Ibroujth Lno fun* of fol- 
low lug liberal Le*a engioMr, snd b*»tun qo wllb tb* remainder 
of hi* command? 

Bvl Ja hli official report (urbfeh be ibi-mld h*TC eonntllrf) 
Lo&gpLmt »ay»: - 1 Eftginaata aval »ni hy the ComsoindingGeo** 
r*| and piywLf gaidtd » by a imil wbkh would bare caaplrtaif 
diwlQMd the Btpr y ww dsfajr ewwd in taffciag a man oautc- 
Braatroatc" (.iialie* !nir,c .. 1 1 conuiui *o him thai b*h*i "»*eral 
bnoni by Ibe blundering" ol General Lw'p uhjjitirtr, Olonr-L S. 
P. Jobnrton, i]ie gallant eflj^ueor oWroi' mentioned by General 
LGhtftlmt, toil* nm thai he r**d Ihi? |«pisr In lb* 3Ym« "with 
■on* mrpr-Mc, particblafLy that portion whom r^itreTiM ia made 
to (Ih.i purl 1 look En lbs operations el tlio 2d July" "i»d saytlhnl 
bo M liad no idua thai I (be) bid |bo oamfldeueo at lb* great Lea 
to Bocb an *utl*ni that be weald enLfun-l rant ndth Ihe conduct of 
i,h army corpi raotlng within two mll«» ot the enepnJ L, i lioBj 
*bib lbs ILeuleoant-gtaeri] w>a riding at lb* war of ibe column. 11 
ColontL Joboiioa,. and I ataha it oo «(■ nii'bori t j, wn onJisred by 
Grn«f&l L*e lo wuki? a rtfrdanoiiafl** *o lb* tunny'* lell eariy On 
Iba Dsorntnjt of fbe &L On that rrrand b* left *rmy bcad^iiBflan 
ftbwl 1A-V- L'poa ntarniog b* «M raqutrad tt *lc*itb opw * 
Immji <icluTal L#C *** bftldiog 111* roiil* hm hkd taken, *ud *ll 
wtQW ord*'ti.-d |o ride wtlfa tieonal JL.an^tM*l." No othm o^dcU 
HP lbCEivirx In gbfdicnt* to «uih inrtmodon* he joraad ihe 
heud of hargnitm&i'a oorp* about 9 A, U..ami it ww IHtb jiboul 
Ihfro tuLle* from Itcrnod Twp h bj ibo route Relwted fur its march, 
"AJlur no liltlu del*}' [I naota Colonel Jubn*tonV wordu] the 
column jjot In motion and miirrl.^'l umh-r w»r of the rid^c and 
itotnl* until the b*A4 ol ibe column ^ot t" abaut one and a half 
mile gf the podili&n inally takflo by General llwd'* difiuan. 
Ilere ihe road Urned to ibt rigbt abd led ovar abigh hill to wbco* 



1*4 Sndkrn Bittorieat Satitty Afpmt 

It InEcrmted * rnd loading bark ft lie dimlien rf Lb« Roaad 
Top, Wfcco w* nqKbcd tie btni of th<- ro»n\ I c&UM G<^er*l 
]di>h£-itirct'i million 10 che b>Ho**r wnieb be maid fa*** io paw, 

In full riow ul the enemy, fitd jdno ia n mote ncroM the field, 
•liAritir itmn Ifaa read *nd cnmyilptely hidden Ironv lfa.fr cimmj-'i 
obaervatlun, (Tfrcral Long^rtrt pftlerred [tic road, and loJlowed 
Jt UtilU tln> faaad of Ihk coin mil reaffatd tin* top or Uhj hill. Ho 
than fail I ad M^Lrwa ar1 ^ ordered. M«hh| forward, At the lira* our 
inDV«inniil wfti diirorercd no were not- morn Limit a milu ami i 
hill from iho position finally reached by Hood. Had Genera) 
McLiwft |ittiliEd 9ii by the mill* «■»■* the fluid he) would bare 
biraa in pripiiian in lee* than an boar, j'et Groer*J Lfong**trflt 
■ay* 'Html tour* 1 kh l«n by bit taking Lb* wronp road. 
The dWIty of '«v t fil boure' cannot fa* ml iri baled to G*ner*| 
Luplrttl'i Liking the FiTiiip rwl (whether beortiile bbm* 
lor lliti}. I'uL in ibe delay, in itarttag, ifac ».lo*be*i ttf the march, 
lb« limr unnH*ftiaril? fort by he'Iing Mc-Ijwp, and the Lime loit 
in jc*[(irj«: mlo action alter iJjp Line *-«• furmed. The iact that 
General Lee onlr-rod rid to malte tbe recount}! wniice and retqrn as 

■**0 1'l'HPlibk', ... -:i I !!.' 1.. I ,-. . \i-. il !i.< liil. :i ■!. .i |-i ; L U:i.-'-L Lit nil, 

eu4-b niintk wa« to ha mfidu at Ah early liAur, 11 

Uoluttiil JuliiLMtiii did not oven know whora (jenn-id Loug^rttt 
WMjininBj, II l »u|»potod hu bmJ bwn ordered to ride with him 
■imply to pjlvi; biai tbo betted tot fa la nraannouHanee. He qiih 
bo mrpn^nl thee, u h* *tat*% In And biraicir considered by Gen. 
Lgngelmrt Id charge of HcLawi' diritian, Kir« *Orp*i Army 
tfarlbvrn Virginia. I dw*U oa thtt pgLnt buw ft ia itnul 
important one, Getty tbarg vm Iwt bj )m ihie deUy ol ^ser*. 
rml Loan," 

PijcU^ how<T*r, d& ftpt wemot t» In faclirTin^ IbtL GcberaJ 
l*fcjj«tr«l v*u alwiys *> paTitrntar in f#ll«nfiite oRtccnnnt by 
General Lee l& gn9de faje wlamn, becaiiM! many of uh recall tbat. 
lb the Qn^niii^ of ifat sfiriri K caTupaJHri of IB0-*. (iencnl Lee 
•ptiI an enjtiiiMir offlcisr to tiLHinml ^ogilMot, tlion enc*mpcd 
nutir CIordoanvLlI^ m gnidohlm to Llio fioint fan wnisted falm in Lite 
wlldorrtfli*, but this nilS^«r w?w pimhfld rmlde by tTenowiL Long. 
■IrHt'e ■«)"intf fav knew ifac roulti and kail »iu U» lor bid fl*rVLMfl. 
Ae a coiiiE^iiHiap^.be lost iiii way aed re«ebad the wilderne** tweitr 
lyfour boon behind ciai*, jq«i u A. I J . II Ml VM about 14 miufo 



Ifepfy & General 1 imjifcwrf, 165 

■ Tlfltll I dkaaLw which Longetnct gallantly averted. Tfau 
IdcMmI cocao* direct fcva Oeoenil Lw binwll, *ho eilod ituu 
iB*Utipo o£ Lurigilr«t H i habkimt fclowne.* 

Fi-onrt liinswn jack lb«a r il bwjer dearly- eiubliibed that to 
Ij^nrml Tjnu^LrL-al ami ntU to (tH'tutiiI I^p, a* tbfs former tliimB, 
mukl bo attributed tbe delay in Ebo attack ol UieSnd. 

Lr-t ilk how tii^uiM! who-i ivi.](ilJ liu^e bteo the probable 
r*nulN of as imrlier JLtUn;k, Prom very n^ensfnte ilulA in my 
ihimcmIod 1 am enabled to gir* tha ioLtuwlng bi the position oJ 
the r\doritt force* on tbe £nd of July: 

I beelb do ibtir right: At 6 A, M. Calp'a Hill wai aoly occu- 
pied by H'id*worib'fl dwutgo, Finl corp*, m*l SuweW Fifth 
MuQQ txnircry, WiddttorLb'd cOtnramad being r&ach ihaiLtred by 
the Agfa 1 of the lit. Oo oar utrm kf 1 opfKwed 10 Wjdiwortb, 
wen throe vrigmfn of Johnson* iHtlimid, hlweire cored. Dbo 
of hi* brigade*, WeJktr'&. was in poMlioa faced to tbo U4\ to goanj 
th* flank of onr army. In trout of Walker lav Wllliiu'* divlbiDD 
ol the Twelfth Purp--, jiu-J. ".-wu ni^iiin-iil* t>f Ijwltwood'i indepen- 
i!rin brigade, and the fifth corpn, oscept t ^wJ'flrJ 'h division, 
wbhh arrivod go the fl&ld shout- lw«]vei o'clock. (Crawford's toi- 
llmcinj- butorw Ccjintftitte* on Conduct oE tlio vVorJ, 

'flip Hlevoiith corps occupied Cemetery IMH with tbu artillery 
attached to ibe Firm aid Eleventh uorpa, Mcopl Steven*' buttery, 
before nwiidunfld. Doubleday 's dirtaian gf lht* Flr»t corps waz 
Bind Ln rear of Cemetery Hill h whil& Ibbertaan '• di-viefon gf 
tbo earn" wp* extended ut the hit along Cemetery Rcdir/*, eathfa- 
ring Lfaat porLkii of it atdaaltcd by Lon^vtroaL on [be -3rd, 

From I be fell of Rohmoan lb* tine waaoeeopied for aboBt three 
qmrirn al * mile bcyafid whrtfa poiol two brigade* of Ham- 
phrej ■' division of Lho Third corps wer* iniiHnl. ami on their left 
two brlgadr* ni Birncy"* dJvLkiun of um« <MJr])« h and canNliinlLng 
all of AM corpn then up— bimcy and Humphrey* having cub 
loft a brigade at Kiiimelfcabarg. Sjeimml I [ u m plimya, in a private 
totlvr to triu, nftj'a " Birnuy rws*hi?d llet^'tiburji about ftunJob the 
flrelJay, leaving onebrij^ade at 12 nunc lis burg — with Birnoy thore 
Vfi-ri> |.r.il..nhi]y 4,1100', ftud at EmKtntUbiirjj l.aOO. \Ly divisioo 
(Si'<'.iin| dtvl*ioD Tbird ooria) rcacbud th« jir^unJ towafda raid- 
bight uf July lrt, leafing One brigade m% Emra-a Ltaburg — WLtb DO 
tbtm were aboa t4,W0 H aod at Bmnetuburg about l.-i'U. 



ISA Stmikan tiutorical Society Puptrt, 

"Tb* relars oJ (be Third cernt far lb* Mtb trf Jen*, lS63 r giwn 
Oflcm hA enlilLed men, icIlDliy, prrfrrnl fur duly 11,912; but 

Unr* *flne 1cm than 11,000 prawnl *1 the bull*. Uy Ltnprrjmicn 
Ei thai Hip corps did not oicmd IQ,(HH> (ifrwrion the ground." 

Tbc»e ln>ur brigade of ibc Third corpn lay a lit Lis w«l of it* 
OinM of [bo ridge, Tlitcr*fll]iMi|n'-r wan hull I hy lii-iify 1 * division 
of LheTwulith iNu-pa from the night befure, knic about UlN uhll- 
llmy li*ifffl.n E<h in»v-0 ovijr to Oiil|h'H II ill,, nrli»n» I hey formed od a 
prolongation of Wad>t worth's line, nlruiuly aniiikiLuntJ^I. In ("ronl 
Of IbpThird corps was Bulorde iwrj ort|^nl« or cavalry; and thtao 
tr»h"[i- uc [be lime mentioned, 6 A. M.. ,-x^,: «un„i l:,,u^^oF 
artilkry. eon*[imL«t nil ibt troop* (Jtoi ajr. Mirk the point— the 
the cWtidi rorpa. EIaftH*xk>, JS.888, by the return, of June Mih, 
**» i ci bivanic [trw ra;9t4 in r**r on tac ni^hi of ib# 111, <n*»rlj- 
■■ fir from lb* Federal *j> Longftreel we* from the CobfaL ni*? 
lb**)- It hroko ramp *l an early biwr h mil ■ little after 6 A. JL 
bad nraurd ilipi portion of the Taney town ro«4, running along 
llir #lo|n o1 Little Round Top, folwtt-n the Laura of 6 end £ A. 
If, Mni important chang** were mnile. JjwL un com mence on the 
FruVral rlylit liinaiii. William* hud iiwuhu-d command pf the 
Twelfth torn*, and Jaeger bad: mkun Inn d I Virion, and with Lock. 
vrcicidV itu, hiii! in*, hod moved over to CuIji'h IEiJI 4i»d Ifcirnnuil on a 
pifolQ(i|f*ti(ni of C*mry> Line. Notice Imw it-jadu was ie.erefi.ni njg 
the force* opposed to oat- Irfl— ihn JMtb cgrp« nmnt>ering h on E-bo- 
IolIi of Jun^ Jtfeg, 10,136 for duly, to wfakh wu bided a pardon 
0l the I'rrjniylvaDJa. nrwrrflk twin* 4,000 or B r 0OQ 4 (Battcrfivldp 
then cbiel of Meade's staff, teetittoay tniur* Committee on Con. 
diet of the Wwr, p?pe 423.) moved ■? r**i tt«-k (."pc*k. t» muwd 
■Ad bdd in w e rte, whtr* it ]»y qntil r*D«l up j »D to dBppori Sick- 
k* In ibe iftrronnyi, vheo its p]ee« w*<i Uleiti by the Sixth corps, 
whij'li irrLr*d al 3 P. U., having marched 32 mil« Pin« 9F,K, 
OD Ihp Ani — (Nr-irdV 1 * iwtim-noy belgr? Hie ^otnruntM an lh« 
CoDdunl ol the War, page 439 ). TbLi wna ibe largoaL ct the 
forta COrp» Mcmdc bud, lit GollyHburpt, \w\ on ths 10th of June, 
1863, niimhored, lor duty, 15,409, (DuiterntLd, p^* 428), It 
will b« in"PM[v*d Ibitwhsu two-thiiirtlK of Loiij^tpyel'* corps wtui 
tnto cntnp lonr wil« in r«rof tfao Hu-hl <*f QqlLyibarf, on ihu 
evening of the te&l ot July r Sedgw^nik, with over I$,<KKl Eden, 
wu 32 mil** mwif. Upon hh aniv*l, nbont the hoar abov^ 



Jttpiy to Gaurat LmftfrttL 187 

B**»d + be wu ordered to rriierc ib# Fifth cofp*. The latter 
mhj* »m tbeo ordered to hot* Id the r**r of tband Top;; it 
reached then uh! *r W nuitd b*lf i rail* En n*r between 4 *od 

* P. 11. Caldw«]l"fl division of ihn Second corp* oeetipied Rvjund 
Top jum bofui-o the Fifth corps j$ot up, (Meade^ Widaworlh's 
division p,ml Him Eleventh corps continued tu gecopy iLt DnL poll* 
lion until llifl l-Nmil' oT tbn> tallEo. DDubLnittijf rem *l nor] to Ho 
pDRltlun he-tore aimed until night, hiti J^^b^rUioi] 'n division was 
MlicvcwJ by thu Bl^'oihJ wrpjj wbieh had arrived it ? A- M., jinJ 
gillie Jmo position dd Cemetery TiiJ^fl, Ths lw& matinitig fori- 
Ride* of the Third wrp* left it E«tut>[[»bur([ gni up about 9 A. 
M., f^HeViDg SuJord'i caraliy, irfaicb in ord*f*d luck to Wert, 
■starter to pmt+cl the depot, of tttpplit*. Atmil lb* me itaw 
Cf n*r*l Tjl-t fint up with eight blUeriM til Iftillery. At hilt 
|HA 10 A. ». Major HtGdrerty reached lie Arid with Lfao artil- 
lery mifir iod imnaaition trtl □. A t t h i* huu r tap $■">-■ L" rat irav 
-wu ill bj, *«*ni one regiment, of 1,'n-i wihjiIp brii^de. Sixth 
cdrpa, wlioeo movements have been prvvfgiifly glton. At about 
11 A, H. General Sic-klefl. OKlerod i roL i omiii™on** h ft^d *i 12, 
ji4i'4i i i»i,'d uli com nfp.it J. and Occupied tho intermediate rid^e, extend* 
ipg h(n line to the footed Round Tup, HuumJ Top wpaunupibd 
m 1 iljfnnl rtation ; the FiJth> iL it ill bo nwolletted, w», after- 4 F. 
11.. in ii ►■.I'll in ii- r- :ir. 

] nk i rnmlul prruwil of the position*, ilrengtli, and tinio of 
arrival upon the bpiije-fietd *.( the Plural troopi od the tA oi 
July ■* bore given. I thick it will thfrw thai •□ attack ml dij- 
boudi af asari*e k or it an hoar preceding 9 A. M., mt, era 13 
M-, "ObIJ i»tw cdnabbned ui*ny «ieai«nl4 of II«f» (icger*! 
L*r knew it, Ind to □« Le&g»lrcet'* awq word*, * Wa* Lcnprmd 
with the id«i thit by attacking the Fedcnli ht avid wAjji Un n 
dfti\\t" i iiaLLcn, mirffj. Ginenl Loo, il ne<mi, u wu habitual with 
hire, h>i4 ■ carreel idea of the nituuiLun. II i« army, except a por- 
linni of tha e*¥ilry aod one division o( iiilnKry, wu practically 
CfliH!flntril«t Oil tl"i night ol July lit, und cuuld Iwv* Alufeikad, If 
neebuary, n,l daylight on tho 2d. General lli>udi.i arrived, in per- 
•0n N it I A. II, ob the 2J, fl,nd wm. cngiufpd iii ^ettii^u; h'n n^iny pp 
a&HI »rtiT i h T, W. lUi tint day. He COUilnaltdi-d it (TfUynh-jr^fuV-c-D 
oorpa ut JE»|»ntry. ?■£.„ First, Socomj, Third, Pifth, Sktth, Eler- 
ta\h r irjd TwejUtei, acid ttroo diviiioni ot ciTilrj , Tit, BuEord.% 



1SS Savilur* HWbrfest SortVJy l\ip<rt. 

KHpaLrfefc'a, *»* Owgg* — lb* two lut rwbiax tbo 6*ld tl\*r 
Bo ford (aft. Tb* FlrM cjq.* w*at into balil? An ibc ^J vjib 
S.Jii* inch fflium' Hinory ol tfcimburu, naif* M, and Itoubta- 

daj'p- tCNltlflOny — (FliO tOInhi(i.nd.i-d L| plirr Uphold*' 4ealb— p&g« 
$uB, Cotntniim on I be Conduct of thr War) j ilm Secund tttrp* 
brhipf put fit l:J,U&S trcigrn Of June 301b); Hid Thrlrf, jncludidjf 
the turn urinwlra not than op, IQ.UflO ([remind llumplrr^rt kuur 
1Q mf); tbu fLlth nt 10,130; lue Eleventh at [3.200 (.Ibis carpi 
nun be rail 10, ITT on the 10 Lh pf Jons, tiemiral Ilwii^k «iid ho 
Wuld (tot And bat 1,SW OT^anhed; an Lbe, aftnrnnon of lb* l*t of 
Jufj, after lhair iitiLtdirfoqlty wilb rV««ll ind Hill. Wndaworlb's 
>n. ui thm vfTf}'. went into the flight an Lb* Lit wiib-tjOOO 
men. and on the. rd*roinga( 3d bit I.WO anawrrcd to their name*— 
WadiHoriht U*l tnony T pag* dl3). Tbu TwrLBi* Htf^ by ih* 
rrlarn «r lb* 30ih of Jap*, numbered 8.0**, The** six corps 
BTHpbe**4, then, (to the 3d of Juty, fcwfui* the Smb carpi tenpbed 
tbr ftpld, 46,1*30 The emlry and 4,400 I'enniykaaii kwitm 
■re ri*'i Im'liided in vWa f.LaL*'hir-nl pi the F**Jrrn.L )or*e. Rw<dt 
■ml J I ill"* pnrjm numbered together about SfljOOu men ob lbe 
mumlnfl of llio 2d, and Langntr^-flt snyn lid hnd , wilhout Pictatt, 
■amo 13,000 nnjo, mmLiiog. our itTuwuiu (leaving out tbu cavalry,. 
loe h J-4li090. ti encral Lea could Jm,v<j bad Wit 41,000 in£u iu ln>m| 
Jtl d/i^brsab, wl5rrcn*<ru'n«Tnl Mcado cnuld not count upoD ill of 
bli 4M30 until aClcr IS If., Crawfurd'n divlalob, Filth peftj not 
jCclUHjj up, uiiiil iLuq. [.th-(iw»I Lan^t n*l t by an early allac-lf, 
would have undoubtedly j*ir*d Rpqiid Top, tor e*«n a« Falo u lb* 
attack wm made, (rtaeral Witt«n, Mfwlr'tcbirf af artillery (Ww 
trfi> le-iintpny before \bo Cwsnilla* o» lb* CoodiKt of lb* War, 
pturv Jtt >, *■]:» be went by General llrade'i dir*ciioaji ta Rcmnd 
Tep, j. id Iran cbn |»ini - 1 could »* Iba onnaya Jin* rf batila 
I Malt word to G^utrtl Mfadf thai ho would at One* ba^c io 
Of*upj- tiinl plnr^ very strongly. Iln Milt an quietly (J pohiib]« 
a divmiuii of GaneriL SytW C0f7»n^FHlb,) out before tboy arriped. 
Uin. unnr)'"* 1»k* ff bnlll^ I Rbould tliinh a iiiilu uud a bnlf Long, 
bi'KJiu to luh'ntica qnd ibe b:U(lp be^Anvi» vi'iy liojtvy at one*. The 
trorj])i unijdr tionoral Sy kt» jiri-l M-u-d bamty j ta tlifta to **vq Round 
Tap, and i ii - v bud a nijr licapcratti Dglil to hold El." An attack 
at that paint ctsl b^for* 13 o'c-lwk would ba^a b<eu mmj^awful, 
btfcaua* Syk«« *ai than ia reaazra babind Meads'a ri^bl aad could 



Hefty to General LenpttrtfL 1&f> 

hoc ha^o gotten up. And Mcado trHlifie* (pngo 3&#) that Hykea, 
by harrying; up bi» cntumn, tortu irately wa& enabled to dt'ivu- iho 
tnerny back and aecuro a foothold upon tb-:H important piwitsonj 
TJE, h {found Tvp t " the kflj--pqiiit of my wbole position," Genera] 
Meade say a. And again, that u if they had anteocdoil in Occupy- 
ing that, it would hnvo provenl^-d mo fr om holding any of the 
girau rid. L subaflqnenlty held until the taut." Bobold Ida fltvaiwity 
of General Leo r Ke wanted to ■.tl&ek early so as to "whip the 
Fedtrala in detail, 1 " and selected the Tory p&iti t ndnj i tted by bi& 
■bio opponent to bo bis "key-poin-k" It, aeama be would ba?e 
gained the jiDMuicni it be could, bare imparted more velocity to the 
cCunmnndflr oil Lea right. General Lte'ap.lon Beenn^ in a military 
aonae, almost faoltleaa. An English writer bun wid of General 
Lce f that with n chflnnUer aa Jiear perfect aa baa noon hitherto 
^Oiiebmifed. H> mortal, there was yet in it, for n military man, a 
Bliybt imperfection, vii., H ft disposition i.ttatpicetu.'' To tbe lender 
and luring heart oi the woman bo united the- strong courage and 
-wil] of the man,, but a reluctance tci oppone tbe wiBhcs or doai™ of, 
Otbert, Or to order them, to do thing* dinagrisujiblo tu tbe-m. which 
they would not fully cOnaenl to or tutor into,. Porhspa heroin Hen 
tbe HeoTYft of his troubles on tbe £d ol July. He wn* fully nlLte, 
On hi-* pArt> to the oeceaBily ol an terljf attack, and beaaw with 
an unerring eye the "key-point," but in view of the nnwLllingneuii 
of tbe ccmcft&ndor-of tbe troops be hud determined to bugin tho 
battle with, and who was at hi* headquartora at daylight arguing 
against, instead Ol making tbe attack, be may not have put his 
order* in that poaili™ abnpo from which tburo coo Id he no o*n> 
bLob, no appeal. Goneral Hood, in a letter to mo, aaya " I did not 
bear Gonei-al Lao givo the direct order to Longatrocl to attack 
on the morning of the second day,, nor ha-vo I e-ver believe*! that 
ho gave a. poBitivo and direct order to do so, but merely aa be 
(General Lee) often did, suggested the nltaek." If Hood ia oor- 
reet^ the Buggfl&tion had Ibii ^tningtb of an ordor in Goncral L*o'a 
Own mind at EoaaL, beeanao upon fi* other theory can wo raplntn 
bie pemonjil actlnn? und im patience on that morning or hi^ own 
word? to olbora. The attempt of Butiti Longalrcet to bold 
General Lee (otbe full responHibility of the failure at Goiijehnrg, 
bocn«M* t in aapSritof mai^nanimLty which hjia oitoitcd the bi^beat 
admiration both in tbi* country and in liuropo, be- &flid oa the- 



190 Sotiihsrrt Jlifloriwt Switty Papers. 

field of GellysbnT£, "H is ill my fault," aa he hail a*H in like 
spirit to $Km(TT.alt Jaehson at Chanesl(or»YifU. L p "The rierory la 
yonre, not mini'." will cy^ito only Borpriao and n*t c*rry co-htid- 
tion to tiia IB i nil uf tbe old Boidiara of Genijrnl Leo, who knew tbe 
Generals habit of self-depreciation. The effcn-1 mutt therefore 
foil in its purpose. 

Now let Lift scrutinise the BlaleiJie.nl of GtTiural Longa-trcei tbat 
he bid 11 plan to fight ibo battle Df Gettysburg, which. ^ *ub-' 
milled to General L«t and. refused by bim at ibotimo, but which, 
bo at lei- wards rfgr^tted not having adopted, as it wfobldj bave been 
fluupet^fui. Genera] Dielt Tn^ler, in woont paper, say bl l4 Tbat 
an j ^uly et;t iiivuWing tbo possession or- eKer£is>a of ifiW-lkol BbCuM 
he clear in JjOJigaLraet and concealed from Lee, 1m i. startling pro- 
p<iaJLiQ[i to thone p&AML'ising knowledge of the two inert," 

Readers of tin? history of tiia four yearn ul "War between the 
State* " will dobhtlffft* agree wilh GcncraL Taylor. General Lee'a 
plan of batlto at Gettysburg, in tlie light of subsequent- fdals, 
cauEd not JiiivH! i.H.n'n more admirably arranged if ho had have 
possessed. J a lieu oi bu own grand geniua, the ML-Coimiielc telo- 
Mopt^ and lb l? centre and boib ll|Lnk.i of i,hii Federal army bad been 
within Lta foeiiw. Wby abould he then bare regretted tbat be bad 
not adopted Ibo plan oi another? About nno month attar lb* 
battle- of lieUyjbn rp; n Choral Leo wrote a leller to tbe President 
of the Confederacy, in whEeh, after undervaluing bin own ability, 
he flays C| Er(!rj _ lbLag f lb«rofoT0, pointa to tbe advantages, to be 
derived from a nevr- rornmnndcr, and I Ibo more anxiously urge 
tbo matter upon your Exeelleney, JVujd utiv bdlei thnl a v^uog^r 
and n-btrr inao than mynclf can readily be ubtained*. I knit-si tluit 
he will have aa gallant ftud bravo an army an ever- existed to fcc- 
and bis efforts, and il would be tbe happiest day of iay life U> flee 
at it* bend u worthy lender— cne wnocoiLLdncceinpliB.il more- than 
I souM |rti-torjB, and all tbat I hava wished, 1 hvpn ydur EkscI- 
lenty will nltithuw my rcquaat to tbe true roauoDj, tbe desire to 
lervc my country-/' To this- Ibu Hrtnorabto JnflersOn Usyl*, in 
Ihe- -course of bia reply, respondc, HL Hut auppose, my dear friend, 
that I wqto to admit, with nil tbwr implicalioe-v, lh» pointif whleh 
vh3u present, vrhero am I to find thai new eommander who lb to 
{kis.h,-km the jjreaier ability which you believe to bo required? I 
do not doubt tho rundinesw with vrhleh y*y would flvo way lo one 



Eepfif to GtneriU Lsng&tttet. ldt 

who could a^ennnpli^h all thiL yrtu bwvn wished; atid ymi ml] do 
mo the juiltc* to belkvo that if Providence should kEndly differ 
fiDHjli a person., I would not h<j«jtalo to *.?&[[ myself or bis serpteea^ 
To ask roe to aubatitgto you by soma one, in my judgment, mgro 
fit t* command of who w-Gnld p-wec^s more of tbe MnSdooco or 
tbe army or of ido refkctlnjj men of the. wtmlryj is to demand pit 
3ai|M)«ibitityr" 

I grra extracts frO*p tbeae two Lattera because, aoma |wo years 
*go, (fcucrnl Leo'a wbole latter t* Mr. D,itih was reproduced in 
fioci* cif the public prints. It wjb followed by General ^i>n^tr*jct'a 
loiter lo bis uneie, (again rCrp-uMtabcd in bis paper to the TTm«^) 
and whieh ftrul gave to the world the inft>rnis*iLQn (bat another 
plan to fight tbi» great battle bod been eoufiidercJ by tbe Com- 
mander of the Ctahfeduratb nrmyr This news waa Lo turn auo- 
cwded by uii extract irom a, letter from Geneni.1 Lew to Gcueral 
Lon£atreor> where! b he Hay*, "Had I lakon your advice at Gn;tr 
Ijaborg-, iniujad of persuing the course I did, how different all 
ifligb.1 Lave beers." FollnwEng tbia. came an cilract from a latter 
of Captain KofFo to General Lon^mreet. The captain bad boon 
Sent as a bearerof dLs|i3t&hes from General LongxtHsot, then In 
1". :i --- Tri:rii";,:.. T . c ■ ■ f ?-.- !i ■■ ■":■ I Lcc a', Oraflfrfi t.'o-.irtEiiMiiK 1 . In Lbi* 
extract Captai n G*He telln u& that, "upvn my arrival there General 
Ijm asked mi in bis boat, whc:re bo wad alone, with t'.v<> or three 
if art hem pflpunj on bis fabto: Ho remarked that he bad ju^t hacra 
reading Lbe Jtorthern offieial repei-u of the butib: <if fj ut tyiburg, 
and that h<j had become witisfkd that, if ho had permitted you to 
carry cat your plana on the 3rd day, infllead of making the attack 
on Ccmelory Hill, wo would have been sdcmbhIuI." 

These litlla astfatUa'hioliGiinfral I^ngftlTxjflt uses apaio id bis 
QHrrail^o, flcflia to appear aa a desirable ^oimettlca and to t'mg 
out a piihlir ncitift.« r llmt tbo yp«rgflr pnJ abler mau referred to 
by G-oneraJ Leo wan the commander of bia Firtt army corps , and 
aa ther^ pru witn^H^^sj *{i' r \ living w ivttify that (tvocto! Long- 
*irCel once uid iu tbe, bouat of the lat-e Job a Alexander, at Camp- 
bell CourtliQuw, jimi- »ftur tbe mirmuJcral ^ppomaltox, tbat iti 
««a4 of another war be would narer fight under General Lee 
a^ain, it li fkir to pr^iiumq tbat bo, Coo, was couacioua of bis own. 
eupariodt-yj if all thin be tree. 



1 1* - StatAem fluimcat &*iWy Piper*. 

▼«T «"J <*«* «*r* vA able to reconcile tbeae reported niter- 
MW 4f General L» wiLb bet* witbin m «vn kotfrledge; and 
Gerjrral Ixihgiire-ct WR& ifkrd more than one* to ptabliag the 

wbdc leiicr iLm; \nf claimed lo hare rewind Jrtiiu Gcntr^l Lee, 
thai wo nwjjhl «e ibe cormoctLgr before and alter the abort sen- 
lenaa lir |wrmilLcd only Lo bo known, Hit »ply (4 iImn wm con- 
cluded In liinlj" laih^iiigu lonn^n lo the cihrjidry^ and lie Jailed lo 
pfodueo anything moro. In the Bittttfrl In Ibe TVfflM, once a^ain 
appear* I be laiinj suniL-ncP, '"only thai an J nothing mor*." Jt is 
poveible lbal aEler General L^a'a p|n4ii bml b?en fnjilratad and 
blpoppcufiuiiiiy ]wt» be woold oitunlEv rv^rui thai be bad not 
l*k*n the advice ol oad wbn urged bicn not to aLLeek, 

In Lb* K«.J. ffnJot« h "PcFidoil faniiniKeacte, Anecdote*, 
ud L*ticrt of L»*," page IK, we Bad Lbai Cemnk t«4 > in tpnk- 
iofl (to Prok»*or Whil*, of Wtmbin^ton and Lh L'oiTWfeily,) ei 
t br lrrrparable b*» the &H»ib bid •u>lmincd in the death of Jaek- 
KH,a*td with emphatic "If I bed had Stonewall Jukeon At Get. 
tyibui-g, wt ihmilJ ha^c won a great vkltiry." Hur, by General 
Lm"p Or General Loo go I net's p!mT Tell me, j?ou who ktiow 
frcltftOft bu»L, hi be bed been in cootm* ml «l trwp*. nay ftjjr raitaa 
In renrol tha b*tLle-fi<dd on the ni (f hlof 1 ltd lit of July, 1363^ and 
Gtnend I*nc bml hi^ioesied to Itiin to ntCwk Irom lilt right on tha 
morning ol the 2d, what hour would hrt ham Attacked Mcsde> 
'"bey- point" on Hound Top? Would tht* imur hav* Approached 
bearer |fl 4 A, Mr or 4 P. SI.? For General g^e ba* wid, "I bad 
neb implicit confide nt* In. Jackson'* skill and anergy that [ never 
troubled BJHll to girt Atw detail*-! ir,*!; ruction* — ibe HKMt geme- 
nl i H H m l f c ti e »*n ill Lbal be needed." But m bearing apoa 
fbie paint stronger, if poatible, than Uee wiib for Jutk^oa *L 
Geltjaburg. ia ibe ioiloripg language ia a. I*|t«r id inc. fn?m a 
jvntlQRianoxlPDtiTely koowti and utiivcraailj- noted For fhd pnrity 
of bla ILb and the cnn«:entiouBn«e of Lie rbatmtt^r, And wbo now 
worthily fllle tbe r*spo^Hibl<! prtflitiw ol Governor of bLa SciL*. 
TIiin lullor wbh n'rltCvn Homa two j'carii *^() lit ru*pQiifci* to n note 
of mine lending bira Lbe publlnh^d *onlrov'L L r«y bclwuon (Jenenil 
Ltn*|ral fti«l pi>d Knr|j- m reference to UteopL'rruiohM m ti..-CL^!*l>ijrg-. 
Tin 1 luffh ctmrH^lDr of Lh« writer ^'*** t" '»n ■inltrMncutH f;rent 
woinjlic, but tbe Letter being e priTal* onu, wquLJ bavo been ktpt 
Irani tbt publia had not Ctn.*T*t Long^treeL p«nded what be 



term a "til* weak points of the cfimpaljfrj of (■^ICyvbur^^" in 

juttnifniiijf io nhavu ibc '"cigln" mistake* COTEBlitlHi by GAnflrAl 
Lee. 

The hmo of the aulbor is not mow piTen, becanH* I da nnl wsili 
to draw liiin Ltitrt the dfceuttion, bulk is ru tlifc disposal of a.nj' flro 
who qmjs'tirjns ibc JjiclP. llis IaUct 1w>ara date April I5ih n lgJG: 

" ^Iffl^ar- <3(Tju*a^ f FtriltirQU LtCr 

"Mr Hilar Ser: I airt. iti receipt to.day of your Ia Hit nf the 1-tLb 
intt,, with its J ntereslirjjr luotriinires In r^iorAuc* to Lbo buttle oE 
Gottyab-iLir^. I bavA not lim] Lcfcure Id fts3low doitely t,ho c-nntrn, 
T«ny to which the article relAfr^ but 1 rAinAinbtr p*rfavity my 
MtavorflBlion Willi ffenej-.nl Lee cm ttiia iiuhjeAl. He *a>l plainly 
to idq L thal the- battle tcatild ham btt& gained if Gttttral J^w^frett 
had obeyed the Qf&ertgiwa him and halmade the aifatk (urty I'lrotanf 
it/ late..* Ha said fun bar, 'fr-nemi LranniTM^ wlinn nance in a 
figlil, WiiH a moat L-tittiLLiiL noldiAfj but bA w&* ilm hardest man Uj 
not' a I had ill inj 1 array. 1 " " * * * * 

Does tliis tfistimonj' fira-s-a tktit Generat Lot rfrgrAUcd that he 
bad uot adopted another's plan to fl^lit tba battl* ol GAtlyaburg, 
or is it not cumulative to nil the other we]]- known facts? Gen L 
Flea^utriLOii, MAadA h s cavalry coiumaadar, writes a paper fat the 
Philadelphia. Jj'jiw.s, January- ILHb, 1S7B, In which he Leila us what 
b-cnaid to Meade after cur repail*a on ibn U"l h and this i« it; "I 
VCkIli up tO ■■ i rik.. ruid ]LfU:T COngrfttmtdLlnjf him mi tliu HplAiidM con- 
dwet o£ hia army 1 said, '■GmeraL I wtIS give you balF an hour to 

fhniv,- j-niLrscM V- grAUl gAmfttu!. Or.Juf IliS army to udi'uiii-ti -.vliil A 
I take the caralryL £t-t in Lc^'a rear and Wi vrjll ft rush tba cam- 
paign in a week"' A Sandwich I^landA-f, knowing noililng about 
lljo war eseApt wLuL lie mi^hL read in liicfo pajwrs of (JAaerul* 
I-ipngmtrAetJirtd PLeaaauton, but of a ItaoiamcaQd bcnerolenL JEi|Mn?i- 
lion, would inwardly rejoice thai if\sy did nn% ertminand Ibeir ro- 
.1]:.u<:Ilth! nrmif* la^t Hlq Itiritorlo fenL of ibc " it i IkA any Cats "shontii 
have been etlipted by not oven having to the public Lboir two 
IftLas. 

Id con elusion, Let our fancy picturo tbo i^rim veteran a of tbtt 
Arnaj.' df NotlbArn Virginia. |H!ll;uiJ*;J In Lhuir cj|Lnip-^njunidi in that 

mopth ol Aiigitvl, 13^5-3. to bear lb 5 aiinooo-ccnmnl 4 bat Mr. I>mis 
bad acccptAd the Msig nation *?t ihuir Al»ef t wovkl ibere not 
have, twoppddt from. Croat In roar, from flauk to flanJi, *'Iit Jtot ett 



l#i SeslJun JJwfwvu? Ss<^rfy /tajiryj. 



' f hut wbeo tb« - ^onngvr jmd abler ram.™ v bother b# migbi 
ba, uuintd conouBd, ihe m Datum of ib* Pinnndi nr ibe fide- 
Ion (miim brunib i be ruin* of Ponprii 09* Id not be more sitabl 
Ibftfl Iba miaul of th«e facroc* la dug I* I^ro'i adcAqujot, " Fwc 
Irf flai." 

Aj'e r in certain a* that fcha day will roll nfuunJ, when "lbs 
Moral* ef nil 1"NLr[j* Hlnall bn divcl'iimd," no mlhj would iLl- Angel 
of I'om'fl liimt dinned ]-er wlialrs nrnl «li I n I nH r»l>w* En llist hour 
thai Ocm i! Nil l.««' bid furowfcll to Lliu Army of Northern Virgin]-. 
■nr] mniinLfld '" Truster "" ia ritiff awny from bin pcofite. Tha mr- 
r&EiiiLion 4>f Lhd war would indeod bnvtv il rn.pl i rj j J the duliH of 
"lb* youn^i'F an J Abler man' " 



(lflrlil Bfh«rt at Cracnl W. S. rnrilrtn, mirf of irtfllrrj, JU *, T. 

|Th* fnlLciwin^ fpori lilt nfr»w d*bi» bo*n p«aH IiTk-1, acd tu fir *■ -;* 1:jih» 
tap nrltlh*! HA. from whtch We prinE 1i Hi* n-nl^- «i[._t In eiltltne*. W* *" 
tnd*1rf"4 fa M» dl4linf«|t|b«d Hilbtfr fcr lh- prlrilfgp uf idillng iL In uur Got* 
ijjlmrj *flriw.] 

HiAnflVA-rrHW AnTILHKY I^nn, A. N. F., 

5>uf#iriJ*r' [JW, 16^1, 

UP.V -**»,: A import af artillery oHntfohi iJni'inji Ihu lite cini|>*ign | 
hivn nuW LrW haluiF 10 iabruit. Il am b**s ■oniuwhil p«e«.rJd. b}' dylsxi 
4tt Ifa* |f*rt -rf hiiu!i<?n cwnmisdar*. 

TUt «p»**n MBmu r,*a; ysi*Scrirln}njr- t **rlj In JUy, hiriripf malted 
Ji**ttr'-'U«I j i.» lfa« fnrDj, apBcrtuailj nt tllawtil u* i»f ».|^irin^ lot-ia and 

«4tt4«f r*»Jj for JUlbttqutftl uftim.\:*at T« Lhl* >rvL mT *n*.' s l+i *-*** 

jli'a m il ibr™***-^ ifa* bmit«fXif. Wan b»d b-*» in* »e*r*l j^u ia 
w dlMrikiM ( i*nl (bt Ant npi inbi aaira Us* M*ijr *#» h^vdinJad bM 
ftM ** '•'h In arlirinT hMM>ll4Mi iTrntfitiu fear f— ^» U.^ii-H'*. 
I ttta W i a k^Bf bukCk^ilf ^aiffwd ud nil fmm&ttmS; mat lit 

pf^r Twh !>>T[* b*J r -p BBiJrr t ttir^f of 1 lulLkM* rt.irt 
OlLlk+filh flf Jnn,r, *L«1 llM-JArkliub^ -mrtm Ih |K4^KM f*r 1 MMEH>T*J rf 

[fprrjl bhiduiiirLtrt Lib 111* f.nw r#n|:|ipT, r |]|p FnTtl liiii Jfax'iiivd fujf.i KitJH" 
almdj 1 in+rr Wt I'l^srf CuljK[*r, lb* »Mnr *pn*« J *<l In mair fur« o|^|U9i.!i« 
l^ndfirii'ttbuTg, ind in lilt •ftBHiouHi "j^ h-rf n ImiTj- mUtWwj tn n^r Ili« 
m-, ii Mi nl' \}trf\> Kiifi. uiid^r r^Tjr of triiirK lli^v 0i4h li!ii>h«-J, u *n.iit oionibi 
hpihrti, il |wiMEChi41 tf-iijpn nnd riiubnl h<t«ii a bmiy itf i|lI»|iii-v. Tlai averring 
ud Hiafulluwtnjf mnnting w«rfl «rnr>lOTf4 In ndjiuLllif i\\* nrLlI lary *nd v ;}iti 
iHSfaef IbaTtllHVorpt, Lf[\cin1nt rrcJcrk-h^bur^ limirfkb t„r [btt ttrfcvziiiDi- 
nnti;. UnL lniJlri[|..ini bt'inp; ?nll^r»ic Uirjf lint (fan ihiivunii'nE *uuqIif« frlcl, 
ill Comm.ruliBUi^liEidMt, ptrtMmftaf hahldtr, mured r<,<rwird. J^oartiitig io 
liiilniij11"*i»i nijf »»n (i^MrjF wm*aI«v 4li*<\ iHhl r>irnrdi t;nljHbf-rr, w^tnt, iTi«r ■ 
blTniic fqr (h» rile hi, weirrLvrJ nrlv 4tn S-jhiln^ innniinj, Jnn+ Ttb. CJq tba 
alWrniKini tif Jun.* Hch tkt S^miiJ «fjp. [^THI-nAn (■■Cl^nifaL Jfml]«Bifruiul- 
HRf, *ft»ua bfed B d»}r #7 IWb befen nutlnt 0*m CuJjj+jwc, »fipmj*^h<J Vrii. 



Ofieial Rtpvrts a/ ike fiat fa ■■/ (J^ttgiivf^ 195 



ttntuf. i*i Uratnut-Cetatl lidim 1 kHlthtT Utt*H«* eprrUrd wttfc 
«ff*-1 ■* Jt^nftt Wl lb* tua j'i *d**B#a an tfc* Fmt R071I road. 

[d !■» iiiwfk op** rt* m****-'* hrt"i - ■ 1 1 J^t , t»*«sa*i n Mi h*«j 

t*tirwl IB J th* df^UP* rVT fall JJOIH JTi i i' -Tri. n: ■■■( ialu*,b.!p wrirTiti TT1* 
nmifrrtdJ "Jf >b* arlil.rnr unit-r Lh# tnmvfdiili w<*\min4 of LkvlsnuiL- 
Caliwit JUmpp. Mid lh« gfi!*nil rt«.rc* h'I ifai acting chiif otf krliJlprj far 
tb> ftir[n P Ct»|..n*l J T. Bmnt, Thn ***M l*id IhHr LTfUawni w*r* 
Bllkf ftrfBinlnlilH 1 , aimI ih±i i'tan- win ib'ji ranifar'tti 4nt»ii«-h1n I'jr In* "nrrny 
OTlnrtu «E mn'i [p« ilill »j|h wdlfli oiif b*Lt.'PJm w**r dUpcMtd ind Lbs 
n*t|>|li»n wlLh which they were i+ttcJ th* i|p«|1i nf D.jiLikn ThflPupMfl, 
uT 1li ' l.'-jLil.nt. (limnl APtllSarY," < moit £*llftiiL fchd MMulflrt ultcnr, w+H 
|iti ' '. vT Lhn pflcm «r ihl* irt«i-u«-Jf ■ 

tM* piiLrm l-<w»rJi Ctvtrlc?tow.n 4 Lhc rnprnjf, P**r JWin'i Sprirtm, oji the 
morn In* iifLh* tiLh.^ne.-u-n t^p*d, with Jflbimj-n'p 4l«iLiiri whkh rinr] rii^n.-tnnJ 
Li ■iri1» , rt*|'l hl.ia t ^IriiLrhjM-CViinft'l Amlraw*' ■rtill'TT' talla-liuo. Tho 
lh«rb ii'ik-iR rniulnif r which rwwlixl ii> lh* fuMl tit tin «i*bij uid capture of 
awl »f hLi mn, wia «|wci*I1t niDiTkibl' fafr lh* BR*i*in|ilni ^*J,h*M 
*jilb whk'b WIlLl*** foagbi inbnirj +kipniltb*n il ***■* $wt»F*, Lita- 
Un.al Cd«l**. ^b* imm i Jll i Wrtl*n la ■ (Mhari pf Ihl* kiad. dutia- 
M B l i i i i l bkUMlf by «— 1 —I >iiliWl t ^It ag t B»o l*"f»l «*B>*fl—mu*n*B*4 
■>■-*» bf* MMlhipM by; UbbU- I ■■■mini H vrtHtet 3Lfc - ■*' -"HTj l*'™- 
b^wt-CbtMfl Idim *cri Ltti rtwl . Ofi mt ■> liii *C«ip f*it(.il]j. 
tkw f i Mtwryfaii mir f ■ i —fl i, 

Xnjn 1 tlif^lim. KTWTBMJklrt %y JLitairt^at-t^JDfiil tVrUrr r ulilk-ry bat- 
tillnn r Ti»i*iifi|S m*Pfli«l by fl^rrTTJlk. »p|irti«raih^ U.nlnHKirj;, vbrm <uu 
aililiii"ii«l fiifv* "f l^i entnr. Criit-r |£b wtH *U rT^-tr^l t-t* "f V—i'w?] Unr- 
t?r'» ii»iurin llml fnF*r- hh*JiI_v n.hm,-iiJr--v-d. 1h*- i»wi, Invin^i Ln iddiliao lio 
Iwpn.^.H"i-PMi.fiLur«liii WFiwhftL^n Fl*-* ■■.lni-'inf n^lil-ijiin*. Id Lruwe hjv*- 
nl + n^nf"!" 1 '^' I ' 1llr t*LLi-riM lail ri>" mm killctl *n-J jlf'tmi i*MiLi|Yi|iri, 
Tf-.i' p*i'C"Piifc ■r.T|i*. Ill 11* *n lMC-^ii*rii pdTinni ilTihw Irin Fu4i»ntin inlo Jliry 

land pjr.,1 l J r h Km ii iii, *m ,iiii. ; il !- i", rLvfl biflilinnii Lltul*in.n.t- 

Oikivnl pMFtafl, ljr<utr<[Linit'-C<]]Hic] Anilr'""*', t,iiMLL#i|iiiL-^koii«l JotiW, 

I . ,hri |tr- . .-. .- mi [...■■;!■ :: ail-!.' ■■■■' ■■' Nil'" * lM I ""■' fcfifl r li"i ■?■ •!!» 

Infj with I^hIm', Ja*ni.jn'i, tnA Ibmtffl illivul^ni, Ihi lwi> lillir cuntLLtnujij 
■ ... . pi r urn 

HfNi«liHiHHM)f wUk th*i* mM.i*iMntj of Eh phenyl *fl*pt, Ih Ticirt and 
Tfclrt »*t» put !■ Bi-rti.-qi , nfS *rti iiap*riLtij bj bli on ■rtillirrf tare*. Tfc* 
Flnl ^iMl U4Utrtuai-G+fltril L^o-«tP»H rnmm.h.iih^, Ufi OtrMpff J44 
lib, M.U«4rd Ikf )*-J=t Umut'S CJbtfj«l Ctbril'f, M»J«* IhariM^ CrUad 
Al'ur.il-I'i. »■] Si^ir k^ktHuMi .HilbrP* b*tt<ltvni»-4lw tbn*tifBltT 
BMwbtPt -1!^ H«>d'*r JicL*T>". «*i P-.k'U'i n.iTni™bl,*fcd tW(««ldHt 
<OB<1ilBllrqr/ > t^rp* | i m n«. Ai Tb# route i4 Ihta *»-r|^ +V rt**; Ihr nu-itm 
■h*t ^f IB* Dbi IUbc*. M gQBtd ibr **f#t*l p*i*r* at tJkil buner *ctE ' 
L if (b| ■■ iiij . Ill ulilfer7 to pmH:-^1*4 brm-rim, iml frvar" 



(HhhUj dlflmh IH paimltj rbu^fc, *M mKlrbv,, vnd^r fiinnie brat, 
■CpH lt»»ii uniiHj '»iB' Adrliijyh*-!- J«tm* W kLh> am |Kh»rd cb Mme oJ cb* 
bkUalkiM bijf Ihl bbotmIIj of iiKTlirR cttInIh ai*i-hnn.|iuh* «f ih» fnrmjr, 
Actuil fHinlml, bnji^nd e* t-ilry tklfiTis^kBC. h' 1 ^erllnnj 

Tb» Third E*r™, en [bn IPflh Jim*, ItH PriJerii'lsi-buFf *n mauft fbr C"k- 
ptfj4r ind] |riB Jih.i'n n»n J*aK VmIIpj - , ri* Vr«r\ l(i-'V"l, m - iiuf.^nl^] liy ilp 
i,r :i '. i '. I iMhH ■. | -.1' I. ■■■:! -i'-A> n lj,i III ■■ Uf^J ■ I" ■-.■■-.■ -. in I J^ii'..- 
UBirlX'(jlwn.-rl GulL r », mit'n'tliis (!"'■ <llvHiMll9f U*r;iPnl« HeLh, I'mJit, priij 
Ai. I-. i .i I V : . r M .- 1 -il. I;* «.» I |i -Lin ■■ liii.. ii.- h... ii !■..-:.< 
r*t**"«, 

In |kiU «i|.Tihr*, rfpiAf'riLl htt^-jirtfrt hnln^ w\tK the yiril civtjh. my- a« 
war* UnrabV ■!» Ebtrllj TryiJi^d, On Jmi" Iflthi- *i(t"* ■ w*vk kE (J^frxcwr 
r>f tueh ATullttj pftEMnLioa utl HparrukiBBii iiwi r«ajHJ«ll»fj[id pr*ctic*IJ1«, 



lfl& &<Ktll\crb Htiforiml Sotitty Paper*, 

I marched tamrdi [ha Vrdley., *hMdtajt[ iiHl thr> CDrrjmindinr/-Ga.nirnd to H 
rn.il v for *iii'li Mr-Tin Jti mijbl be nai'irtA. 

On IhflEiLh, tb« st-Mjr hiving jiiffiLUcnily re*1ed in rump n«*r MiJIwoGd 
■nd uorrwil le„ anwed the FMCMC , »** Ttilrd an* iL Sbnpherditj™^ iha, 
Finl nl "WsLlidn:ipopt— Lh« L\imurnradinrj-Ui'jifcf*l btiftg with ilie lottcr, rind 
nijf durira Iji^p titii* Mm-. 

On WednwdiVj, lir Julj, rjh»in**r+barjr., Prnn*ylvttn!a, hrmncr. h*!ll 
rt*oh«l by «*py"iMaT^rjBi F ud pN*»ed idler* mi crTM!* 0* two d»yj, Mid 
Ibc irrriY fitlrpjg in mqo.ipn (ewnid* GEtE^ibur^.occiiiiinnl cunhrufi jbo(4 [p that 
jtreelian w*ru hrard hp nivurl r niirt iiiln-ri with (he m » i n body, a j, brfnTt nu*fi h 
W4 *F*u*di Lh* rruoitnLftin. ^Twu. d|i Yi<i<>£il of the. Third fftifu, Hcfcb'j and 
j>nd*rli,. (ho farrow "Hh I^md'i artillery tittHl;<m, the JnHut with H*Jrs- 
tefht, mrn in sdvniKc. ait fh-i* img; vrbtla i>f <he Siui-nd cwpi. EnHv'l 
divtalflrv Handed by J^nai-' autfUlan wnmli&n *H .riprrw^-hiBfl; fjran the 
direction t«f Y«rl(, *nd Hodct' fn*m 1nnt of Crirliili', hcrau*n4hitd. by Cnrti/-'* 
hitlalion.. The nd^Mrnu. *jf iba ThSrd earn* had enawntrrad!!, at G«LLpttUT|i, 
ifoftanf (he. enemy, and Lbu ftrinu li**nl wm lh* lir-jlnning ff the bitEic. 
lit pigftlfLrhpn, h*i*.evcr, ni n."L then fully un d*rt((H)d . Lt TttPjlH. ho andy- 
* pa-wing t-ki rtnilli ; i l \<n\f hi ho morn kjtIouj. 

AfU-r h briL-f p*iue nerir Cwih Tu*n, in *oo how ill would p»Tt, [bo Coee* 
mand*fc'jjp J Go'*0'*-l rlndinp Ihc e unr. nnnda to ornlinsir »nd 5Dr.r*Ma, 0101/001 rap- 
id]}' forward. 1 did lh* time, and it hii request rede nrnr "hioi for pnitru&> 
iU/r.t. Arriving ikbt Lhe cr*! cC ae* f-BftiPfifi** nifiiij th*r, n Biiln wral nf 1"h» 
Hwn h i.tlj-ffii.AjtiEing ind Leaving rcnrG under ccjvct'j wri. taft fiwtj l^il) p«~llSflJi 



cvarloohin^ tho rl^il, 3i *»>. WPliiiM , Lwo u'i'lr>.lt, and the tuttfci wn» rntring 
•nkt, MnHdtrihJrj violence, IS* irm^ ^ ib« ^ind «arrd hivinoj tcmcJiwI 
Ok Cold ppmeiime »fler the engngcnm-nE w*a ii|>fnt<) lij' tllit**- (rf ihft Third,. 



CnrL-cr'p hehI J-vPM' I.Ki11(rfcr* weir, m ibe lima of cur irrival, p-lird oil lilt lift 
with frrthnew jad ¥J™r upon (b* hf<Tltrl^» *&J infinity (hiili«d tr*n juwjimg 
Eb4 Th-irtt ^fl'f*! *.nd wlien llicra Lu rcM/d ,ii.h-i ltn«ir r.i'^f n(»iil*tiH. lJlcJ^ w*f* 
bintlit>ni«lr rnAlpKl-fd hjf tho t-d.1 lericj ui Jlelnt^w-h and IVgTiEn, potLtd in 
frorataj' out lotk-iiutflra Lh* Un *lld fljjfhi of elm foad. T v canistnr*rt Ihii 
<j:i inn^i njr liiiiible-riNiii'-'k , tba rncnij- - Mudc, iP]itH.isll^ with JiiiatLJIIrry, fu>e1t 
tlFyrl h 1 - hi" ■riii-lil- Uliiorvin^ Lh« ecajpwi of cv«nl», iJic Ciimm^ndincj'tjenV'itt 

► ■ ECMI' ■! "■■' -:' •' • '-' !i - : •- - : ■!'■■ rl^lit rtiitlJ n-.it I- r--:-:i i I :Z.'..- h-lf-i 

rjiiky t^lnwn imr pi*i(iun pind 1ht 1own vni llie thiirnv'Hi lmlloTlt* nf^t tbs-rj 
town. Mv HTvL^n wfn irn mrdiHt^ly 1+ndin-d. And ilia end*rivar wn nmda, 
Whan Hit: Fniri«-ld ti*d rh>«*fi ^■■►r- ruiigo ef Idltp w+* On; ^riKnt toth* 
right ri^rntuHile, u thrre m.i no in-HiiU }' sis-p.-jup-rd r-r*r, hDil a vmocIi'iJ lit^Kt 
a I*ipr hundred i-^rdi ttyond p^c-mod oco^jriied by itie ariL-m p. Hans lomt gum 
(Itat hid been »»nT for P>«m Sd^lrnith'"* tnlwry wfro jiotiiij, viiijor f^tnrn»ci4 
r>f rjapiiJ" il. Ji>hriBjri ; bist (■► ndvHr-i-o ll;-cn> nnd op*n Bra kai not dwmOd 
jireper lill kiBiii tnilaatry should irriva, need nf ivliia-h h*d btao pramptLy 
ifiwrtrd. Under Itw iH<-y •**.**, nmf# -Of 1***, fftim flw fl«(. 

^Irf t- Fi ri u.- K i 1 ■> p iha- raenpy jicldwl ^Twnd -an !ti4 h'ft, vur hnHaTirr ip wall n4 
inJmilj-T wmmj HnlvrtrifL-d, and HiJijilionit trorpa mmo tap. fli.rneli'i hiLLtUort 
jiM¥id to (ha rrviil,>Cijjbtljf ji*f(iel[wn*d In irvo flcht, tod than, iji.MTrtova.ref 
t hi I] nr*r 1h« if Tick wniinnrv, nviiiEad a^dert jr*oigue'i b«LLiMon alio 
iirTPTed,^hd rnrivtJ Lo G^rnftfj riphL into line- under covof , iff «* tho Fsir- 

ll.Lil T"llJ. |H'l.w,-|.|i <>|il:iin JrthniuJi'J J-kwiEWn lhJ -1... ',.■•*,: |[:iviti|;»lit 

IhfTnbfH tit my i1>nT to rewmnadiTO I hi wivd" '.'n I he righl , and eipla id, h* well 
» tjiuf i|iifSh(."b* rible, a ro*H ijLncrvoJ jiLurig n ni'infl bao/li iyf 1houi wood*., I 
Hdwritwh*3 r*jr**rd on (bo F*lrflcld rond w tb« rs'tfw ndJolTiSng Ui* whti, 
in!tsiiiir.j to ]iiit thiTe Onmi'II^ i.hd othor pun?, whicii h«d l>efl privEoul)*' 
otdcrod f.JWird. Tbb y>oiition vtat vithin ranp/f- rid 4he hLII beyond tbu tcnn 
It ifbteh Iherntni^ «■*■ fotpeiilng, and wbc-rti ho wjj nixjtfln^ bLi bitLersc-j. 
GtrMf*-! R*mHur, «impi»ji{ up frutt LrV4 (**« whirfi hip. tfOpnOiartd EpRqi Imt 
t>tcurii<d h flttl. me it Lbu pdnl ud rcqunLed Lhit our tii(arie» mirfhl not Lacn 



Qjpcml ftcporls of (he Unfile of Gettysburg. 1,97 

*■!>*&■ , At thhy wnuLd driw n uncenlrAEad flir upon lilt m*n, much np«(J. 
Unltit ii ]iiit; tit n cnflfttH'Icyl ***nuti-, lc wiwnSil Ik- worse, (lian nidlridui, T *t unco 
mw. 1o own An [lien-. U;i|i^H in Muimr*, iif Gi'rk<jn r (i bnU^LiOn., in ttwniiind 
■>r *-riv*ff*i tnttoNtf, wai ihf-i rl-Hirii directed l/i fn! Nj pun* w.nd ba TEhdj-, but 
Eg k«-n bia Imrv* *iPlu>h o-ver, »nd hiil t* StW lilt faith* orders. Having 
furlhtr examined thti ridcf-. mrl comrnnniMtuil wi.ili OJn-ul Whlfcur, «hSiif at 
*TCill*.'y, ThirJ Hjflrp*, I Ti-iLiir. r ii:-L fr,-ra»j the- biiLLfc- flc-1 J nnd rent lo in Term Lba 
C^mmiinuiiifl.tkinJrn: -uf Eli* *Enie trf frrti*, r-P[rf>Ha]lj of trw load tr*ilie right, 
btlicvcH Co he impia-tonE toward* a flnrk mtft*Jii*Hl *iJ*Jni4 tfia WWBJJ In bil 
iiC« fHiirinri. Irt hilr nli**c- ofKTistiifi* recwrrmL AnilrcW bil1*,(i"M "M E^ n 
two rt**r»w UijStiltOH", $fcnh4 BOfjt, ^-pcriC 1 up with. Jjihuwn*! divLiion t ™ lb* 
Cub Town md, nnd proemkd Ut jwn Lhu «A« tW&|* uf ih*l» **.rp» cm Ebo 
Jnft; ind Dib-ifibt I5Mi*n, htiinp c-liiof of ariii-lvTy H-ir Ebnl ti>fpt h kTii rofliid, 
if pa-mSEkiblo, *p. *ri illfir-u 1 ra\v\m t-um'^rji a wrtfliit brjin/hl ortrnmn n J in if lit* 
cdeeuv'j right. No fiTLbcr muti'k, how*W, WW FBftdSi *nd nij;fclclojed upun 
Hit K4H, 

XtrlY 441 MlC )nii+|4|M|f i?f (hfl £il <hn CBDmv. being nam plronply petfLn ft* 
Uie hsighb Eo whieb hu hud xfltired Ebo pr*T»M tnatar, tha *Miftiry ct lb* 
St-gonii™rp4 «-cii|ilc-H paiitioni from Ihu ±5rniin*.ry bU I n.nirwl n? ihc Ecfl, 
Hit jj-H,llmil Msiiit IjHlIhth.t. «*mmftndiin,c Andrew* 1 hrituliutii l*m^ mi xh* 
MtTcind kit-, »nd Cdlonrl B^itfn'j b*EEH3Un F Unddf C±Frt^Ln Ctancf, mi Ih* 
iSjlit, rur the Serai n*rv. ruiEhrr ?o lilt rig^E, im S*miii»-r^ KI(*B?, CuImicJ 
\* r Hltnft|- |i(if4*rij ihiij ±nlrti<hy Ait Uia Third cifrjr*, L-nifftp-i Vongup't baLknllOl* *n>d 
m portjmi of GurnotE.'*,. b«td f'f * *imiOft Jn HMTT*, PVom tli*> (l4rthiME «cil- 
p-ic-it jwuni oq [be ripbt artd front, in conlpftny iriEb Cvlnni'lj .Lung >nd 
W-nlkif-, *^i Cp|iWiLri JnSifiPon ir-njjrmttrl, 1 io*id Kllir mririw i;ifvi_vi-iL the 
MtniT'i nniEtan Uj-^inJt woic fnjtn*l« <if tbf ground, nnd Lbe licit mwl* i*t 
*ii*ck. So ?*» ±i from mcli a view Judgmcnl. c.'.i'nL Ln Rinunjl, *n»u]E.an tha 
*n«n>T'r- li'tl bj" iinr titwiiifj rjph? niigbt fluffed, i-lionlil Lbn n^mrlfltri. \hrja 
oflop no iirnDprnilila othrtid*. To Hlntk nn lh*t rW*. If p.r*ciifNbl*, I undtf- 
jbim-rl eo tin tliu pnrpoiaaf Ebc ComrnHndlngtCTcnernl. K^dl'i'lrif frnan Ibil 
EMHiELOn nn^n 1 10 (bo rlj^lil. xrtd. tt ftT, for Lilt tiiiu of [raring' more *r!*^1.Ly thn 
hioJe cf ipr^arb, I praitrf^d *u** dtpEnHfO ilonjf tn* Tnvina Kind iiOllad 
(I14 pr»vi'jiu HrnniTij, mid w#i midc i.wiiTa -vf JiKfipjJ ^iilM-r^d Lbn cnnmyTi 
iinrt by MH'li'Oe tvg ».rm«5, dlirjiLvufilod cNVuLrymc-n. Apjinnfiilly t ur |irii*cl, 
Ebcy im-mDd iril*ly tun<:w6tmni, *FnJI **rh JlHnTQicd ind i*ni (d tlic [*itr, WSEb 
I if hi hi f iha- tbn.-« Di'jmbfiri cf my ililf picieriE. 

H-niin-jj **ll*li*J HftviaiT ai ibi 1 c^urH- ind ihnnc^r of tbit TUd, I Kliifrsrd 
la in tSevdLkd puint in lilt jT*i r^^t^l rvnd h whli.-h f-ujEilibHl n titv rrLcnrirt 
vLnw. mil dij-pn.ii.hu'ct nuur-rifCTi- ^^ GfiktiI Lor-c.iLrtcl And il-n OuniraHnJinc;- 
Oflnverll, BrLw^on ihli jhum jniJ ilit KmincttiLurfi rond. In^catiiigr'^ Lpvnlrr 
wtr* locn in WDiin>rillitB T^rrt, nflit nunvlng U|? nl&njf ibp roul U.wnrdr EPJ4 
snurdy'i mitn ptdlLlon, Lodica of infunlry nod »rli3trrj H j^rohfiplni*^ bjr ibcJr 

Tbii front -U-II-, riflw lomn Eim", timuljinl by Colimot flmltb »nd Caplinn 
Jii^iri'i.-n , ArL^in?B» r ind nbcut iriiddhr Gcncrdil Long>En«t nTriv^ nhtl tinw*d 
Ih-e ernmrril. Ko ■Jenlc^j Cflliwipl Alenndnr to tibiiln. tbi* but via t bt 1 IbfR 
t*nra nJ llie front. I llnrtfora rtiid«i;E*J lh# Ciokm*! (ii Hi* udif*nccd jminr. 
at i?1t*?:f*ltiia prcviimily vij-it^d. Ili approach wn* n'jw m^rt hu£iirduui 
fr*B* lot flru-of T.h*t^i(iafty'^ *hn»pKwoiL-M t *a Lhit i[«KJi.l cuutlaa ni nuMiW-ry 
in miking !hc dt^Lrai otHWJTHltrvhii 

J nit therL • ihiFp catndut oinirrrf in 1lic vc<r£> to Ebn liplit ind tent of 
till fiirw«.hl rojbt, A^4i'F>an"i n'ivn'-Liii'i, Third fi-rpi. h:id moved ■■ p_ nnai 
ku driving llie rnemij fram (nu« »u*di- JtaRgufe'* hrHLI*Tj bnti^hon wu 
iooa »f[t,r Hiil to L'u-iijujrjbLu with Lhit H3ivtiLuD r jkDd hLia ■ battery fniin L*Pid r * 
bfJHltUda. 

Tbr** wkkJp b»Tinj been Unit ftetrtd *i lilt fheiwy, t^iithn view at Ih* 
gTD-jnd IhrroDd them, ind oiucfa firlh«r to thn xiglit than, liid yet biren tji»rr!» 



19S Southern Hitfwital Sttfttjf Parpen. 

incfl, icemcd pnacrticHinin. I thonrfu-rfl red* in (tint dEr«lingi, *ni wh*n ibmit 
ti> fH^f 'fit ■fciodi, 1n*t Lb* CbnainnndinET'tiopEn.! ch n*le hiruiMf fot- a nf. 
T*y t>r the ground. TTiEra being hrr* nill a (jftiJ hI-tm.1 n-f th^rp-pliOTting! tbo 
front hftil tu Tin eiamrn*d wLLh ouitlgn. «*fi*rtl ffilciu, romnit ndinff. in thn 
TJght if A-idYrion 1 * Jlri^itm, bnd alrondy ikh beyond ihe ftrthrr r^lci- "f ih* 
irml'i *'iJ ^mJiT his gniJnBcn I ±rc-omr.*rtl*d (_:■»■- n'li'i Lung bu [ha firm* 
IwLur, *t tbe nannn.ll mhtn, i.h* (ftj*>rnjui f TM n FfcirflVtd, Ac, DuIih 
fl±vin(( nf.Lin-+d Lr.o tfoW, nnd (li* tnriiiT- '» fcnE1cri«, Jst, I Tfturinil Hj U^hf-rnl 
LarvciLrtC! fur the pur pore of wnrliiuiiBji nil folnum to lliir print,, and mp*r* 
viuns. ii nvght Li- Htetmrlr, irn? (f l*p^pkLicri vt hi f Mrti I Icjy. lip m .id vj<n- 
eipg by r»tlTi*-Ti.tnJi. ni- mcil oul erf virw, lime fcniviiiji fyH-ri Mlri\p.iEr \,/>\, -jh 
HWirtpliflg ^noHiur, whiuh prav-fd objretltiriabls Wpniw exjraed 1o otwwTn* 
pJaai. 

Uti l«Fnla(j ifcn *l»teof fiictf ah*pid, l!hc Genanl h*l^t pttd frrtt b*ffc h> 
llMLen, liip. Hrtillery. AEwilIkh of my i(nlf *ep$ p|i<i dpipnlebed [9 rarricdv, » 
f»r pl* jir*ctit*Uo, |]ifiilp.^ r Cktwlfa. Alestmdtrlv ami Ilrorj'i hittnlinitt 
At if-n^ih urtiir&t, mid thn wiWln mlnnsn Em>VLit [i>u'iri1<i ihi? ^itfiK'* 'eft. 
Ookiwl A1vxnriDfT r fcj- Geiif-ril IriiriL4.iE.tw1> rti-r+cliiriu prnreeded Ll> ejcplora 
In* ftreund nil I r±r-|Jify «p iba right, nml Henry'* hpulaliiin, ifcojnn4n/iTi^ 
U-uoJ'* dp*!-lfrn, win thrown in. Ebnl jH I r l- 1 ■ L i -:i n . L"|ift-n r,h(t$e, f|H. n»flB ** 
ofaemd, lh* cntmor orj+BrJ n. *brJi»ii-<-iiSiin>nidc h ]he^uicwrrfwh.it'li r*ndcr*d 
newnry * crticg*. In in* Bf irt htCfI lery column. CLbtH'* bntullftii daSt-^fii to 
111* rlgb(, wbLlr A]^x«n.<dcT'f wai iruiinlc 1 [:ihl:nl riir n, u^iri, i^nncwliat imder 
Cfl^tr, till Ft crrald jrJvini* (a iH-tCi'-l-'^iiriHuc. Thn- flra doi fh* cro?P-ro*d 
lhreuj;3i llit woodi bnvtrvt, flfttr *»m5 litn^, ilKcktrnd, I nt^nn^litr^l Hint 
ttont tjfiln, Ai tKfrrc, Eh a *n«my itji ^islr 4 ft* Immirri rjipd* off, n^nit* 

Buoji B.f1« p Rt jUiut 4 F, M,, Ehn ccTicral jti»ull ni martf:. Alnnnrinr'i 
b:iiL,.li.n 11: 11 1,] intu iHKitLflni, frunEinr- ln*»- pr*fh HiErh4hl Hrttt; Hit 1 Iv rennet. (p> 
hurt; ns*J, nil <i i-pcnfd wiqlr rlpsr, (u i]Si| ih«= bnErn9ivnt Eipili ripTit. The-tntnij 
cEHtLnilt.l.y ™«iLrf ^fmL onr E.mrccriri. luffurtJ hvm^Ijt. WIiIiJa *n h^T, 

bowir.vsT r htp K ufti wert i-ilrnnd nwti hi- 3 [inn .n-m-d" .Vli^nn'l^r (ijCra ran 

ntWt.Tr] hi* pLera 4 which did tfltcdul rtrvirt in hiHwiirug Hurt wnlriiTis; thn 
en*m_v 1^ hii r«LP b^ilI^r. «ft ih* mounlain. Br-lweura hupuni In iIull'p^L- 
tlen *rA Mir talViTi-o, n cdnm-nitlD wit hchl. u=i I40-T4 4r !("* briiltlv until 

liV h i V Ih*^ Fip*t Stiff* (tiul * J™nrml into t»f itine »r.ri *pf rultr, «n [li(j jI q!i(, 
Lhr- !m:y-h\ i-f U i- TfiirJ onrp*, froin r>n: 3.:li.'ni|,-rit ]H.-ii3i:-n in the «n(iv r 
tirly Ipil^n, nocufMMt (lie atti-nilinn ^rf [ha ^nt-nrj- bv n dtlibfintc flrL- during 
Uis irhuLn ii^cirii- ■-.■il. UuiLH^rtuiLtv' vt»% once- or lw\c* bitiT. Ii^ my(-.-)( J to 
elwwvfl ih* pnnjjrcu. nnd «n#?l trf this fljo. Jl -tlli-kwd t ipiri^d rr[tff h and 
*** UKful in pMTtnlira ftilt ^orif+iiiffuPvfl rp^ e1| C « n «ivr rui *illiEr flitn.t. 

Ob LtiD IpEi, nt[Hi.-k w«(. nlfi ilelny«] list Hi* (OtniQQb. Atvnul. 1 ?. W. tn« 
KLkiu «f Uit Swund <wrrn. Lm posiiion on [h*.l friai ^ntrntlv *prnrd will 1 
wnll>dir«Erjd tnd rrT«tk( Mr*. Thil nt'Hh, »llTi«rui^b ih^ righ? learned I., c-lnim 
my f ^iSftf n iVniJi.ni , ^vn* piiTErnll^ ^bicrY«d by nin ir-ursi ih*<i;ih Lr^l rNlgo In 
IMir *frin* Thini curpn. Hupedn* wcwi Hi* W rrtj'* ImiieTFrp on Hi* Cemetery 
llill frantirrcr flue laft, nnj c^rviinvhding A* w>i lh«r pa*iti«i, *nr hrtilkr_T 
idriLlTahiv uStth^J, *j it weii there "perilled undcT jk-rirvfii iL|l«iIv:iii ijlt^ #^it 
with P..n-.idcr*blQ Edpj. It H ill, howo**T. ftr Uio mutt jun uininlnin^l iu 
Hround. mnl }.r*|i:itiMl ih^ m^y Cup; imfHnlrf operall-irn. IIe» thn ealLnt 
Jli'Cit l.jiiiriii-r, ijji jfDiUig rmaf jet 10 ctt^rnpfciry, rteosifttl (bn winiiiil wl:n!i 
nvMnluiitvl in hi*, ii-jitb. Thu* iLiH-nt u1i>ln(. a( ^ i j lt K i. r n : | i"h c -Sit: or» iTic leri 
and in thn nptlw, Pivlhioii ^ninvl; on (be riph'l. titttriu jnd linej well 
t>lY*nr*d — [lie enemy m^nnwhile PlreB^thejilng hnisri.'Lr In a L>ri>.|ilL>n ratu- 
rallj: formidiiLIf- :i liL ■■. ■■ ts ■* I: it-- ->■ ■ Hi- -=■ se u|" ncipryM^-li, 

Itjr dbr*i|t(jii o{ sbu CJvhnpilkndnnE:-(!ener«l the ■rtillcej alon; our e-itir* lirtB 
t-0- tw j'rvijiHT^-d tm trptnirigi, at cltIj u jKCiltilii ^o tbtj nwirni n^ of lh* ltd, 



Official Rtptrte if tht 8«uit of Gettysburg. 199 

■ »nrtn(»C«l *-\\i d*Hf-Ut!iT# Ot«i rr.n^iWrilMf^h *hieh n jjen?rii! id virvon 
wni Iv bo mude, The rij hi uncc'liHf 1 ws.7. if procljc nM*, to iw-f*|i (bn enemy 
front hi* riFiMghmld en ih»L llj.r:k, Vi-btinif (he Ihnni at* ^btjt **Hv bcmf 
(jeia#.rdl iwnrftijl rt«<tiilfct* fur ihit Rratl nHuWiji,, I fcu-nd rnach, hj? Oihnnl 
Alccniidci'v tncrjry, alrvady PuifaTnitliirioi en the right. Ilctiry'* bitutlcn 
held ibonl iti uTlijiriB.1 [rfjbcl/ir: jjrt [fio ttursk, Alexniidnr'i wii tin^r. In Trent of 
IIit }K?a*hi nc-fhNrJl, ihfa cnnvD tho WutiiDgkih nl-tilkrv bnHJiHon, under JliJ-pr 
Eibcimnn, imd! Dearitig'i b:il Lilian «n hit ]i-ft. fthi-ia (wu hrmnjr arrived 
ilnec duik of Lbn dty liohiw-,) *^|i,S irfivi:i|d r^fl?lnj, llubnll "j b*.LULioh Ind bi-fn 



■MV., ::.;■■,!. -,i iliin.; : ,. .-i V -■ M y J i ■. • f. r U J." w:ii£.*ll w .L :i- i v., hi ,-l :-. :i ■■-.,,,■ p 

a m ile. 

a judli 
d*f, iJVoiI lif TO 41 rliir(ju b-y'UeTinrnL 'LtHifiiHiH-l. ?3i0 wipn&i df jh$ &>n> 



inp curve of nboul a mile. In ibc poftlnjr of Ine^c there appeHT-cd Settle room 
fur- icnnranmriLt, 10 1'jiliL'iiVJily h±il ihv? tt-.pn arlj'jnt-d. Tc ObtnnrL ALrxan- 



Eaiinding^pcnenL wrt? npeiii--A. The ti^aljnn nnJ battery cornrnHnderi werfl 
Hint cwilioTivi huw in Arc »*i u to- w±l[li ±i Li 1 1 1-- ■.mtnunLtluni u p uiblc. To 
tH* TMrJ eerpi ai-tlllery nLk-nlipn wn» nlto £l^*Br SI*J^r Pjt^i«'i lullttlon 
hnd been udvnnLed 1o the- 3ino ftf 1he rirhl winj nnd wu* not far 1"ri>1ii ir.-li.il; 
hli (udi wfTC *Lin w*ll pontrd ; prorwp dEpec-li-^nj we-re aIao ^ivtn to hins in a 
k\1 Hi#l«t*- The «(h»r lv[Ln)i«i4» tf llii* cOi"r* K n.^f^'i Of fluTnctfJ under 
liajor rLiclinniHin, acini; in rtT-rrfe. IicSU Lhcir rmiitiiiiiti. of ill* dnv Iwf^rc, U 
did ttiiiji a^thc Sroond ciiTfij csch gp*iii[» having frtiiji iiichitf ijh:l;i1]'. l im^riic^ 
Li<iim, O^i 1 * wu lip* (£k*-n W lh« «PiTcfii4«ii, pWLlJlg of er&nnjoco (ruin*, 
nperiall}' fpT Lhn Ti^lil, i* moit diilnnL from tbn rakin. depot,, and ilue nnrfirt 
iri \ '■-n of'iht-ir [K^iLion. 
From nvtnt <■**»» ih« *xy**e*d. nHm.-k *« J^layiyt **veml hesnn, jr™. 

wliilci iht iikihf Llirci? ai]n.in>.L out rxtnnui jigriL > conardt ihble f"Trt, wMnh 
w*j m<| with t-hmgy, Hv'awy'm bittiilLon wndtring li if w-jiiiIjd tdS^icot !«■■ 
*lc* 

At ]Q[>c;Lh, nit"j[ 1 P. Jl., aa Lhc concerEcd. i ipin.li, cur ptrrt in pMitinn, 
ntvtly tfiio hiundrHJ md dfly, jiFrf-n^dl 0F4 ji|ab(( tbn *nij» liste, (pum rlgfat. Id 
lift— fcilvw l^ t*twry hti«"p aTnich pnrfLiiml. b* Jlf*rt^ h ='* *i-^irft frmlti 
doLlbcniticii *nd power. Tlie enemy il- plied w:tb their full f -re* Sn nl 'fChtJf 
pit tTCill^rj.' ocntHL hiii., jif-rhip*. r.nvf t Ij^rti nijv^J, nnmLLing [n^utuer ill* 
bjuinbcr tti<l cn*rajcLTruf puKit, ihd tftn iLiithI Io-ii ^t l"h*-Oft^flnt. Th^ivtrneO; 
ili>isri' e belwcf-n eonlnliinli wni, nbfiut 1,-HKJ ynTJj, Mid tin 1 rfl"r>rl mm hih-h/.j- 
|#?ily **Ptnu..i <jd boLU *id«. IV kh Lhri rnrniy iliere via*- ndTur,tB£/\ of eltva- 
lion fcrvd nrfHectEoB tnm *»r»ll *n^>iPj; Iwt hi* Hro was nJitvuldytjSy mrti* op Itu 
diipt-rp'-n,t p wKLIe ran whj coniferg*nt. llii iTuop* were iitHucdl ; on r* d i [Tilted. 
Yr"*i chcp*fi>r(!, ^iiflVrrd *pn±rc-Drlj naitr-h. In*, iirc-it ^iimniincLiin wjti produeed 
in T*i* ruiih*, nnd hl< fetl^Tirt irlrd Id *iidi txtvht i)r|v.-j. i^*T iip Ai^iny*) n to 
bivf ERiPured hi* defnt but fit the ciLnurdinDTv iljrn-pLh of hit TtDtiliwi! 

Ppnftred:K.({ njfiiri (D. inn pi^Jii, l<i p?o aLihic in* rttiitt-inaWd Pui'ijnec ot tbrj 

n:r !!■ :v. .:.•:. ,y.\ '- i-.-n i . xj -.■•■.,•.:. :.. | f^. ir..!, ;■ -:■=- ■: ;; ..|!:.r il i lKi.il llii t, ninny 

bidfjirf gci(inj[ cut of ct low in anjunijrjltioii, and tne nSliintp-ortunL qu^flkill 
of ^itn-nly reCtl , T<<J nsy L-A.rfi(-i". ncr,n.Ll:in. Frrcjiirnt jeidIIi endniiftrinp; tn4 
Fin il crrrpi nTdn«n>re tmin in Ibn cenvenient kir*Mly I tind »^:unrJ U, tt hid 
bten TtrnovrJ. fdFTJier ImoI. Tfai4 nocr^iitiuodl Longer hruo for ruftllifip 'jjiiV 
icry. Wdrl ■*! wuwt, lh^ ir^ln I1**-I^ wm vijry iirrjiud, u ib.Lt llj Jtoelt wu 
f.hi-1 cxh&nttpd, rendering req,uipS[e dcEflknd uip4ik lhe- n.*vrvf it* in. fnnTi»r cST. 
Tto wtioI* amtiunt wm tnup. being mpidjlr reduced. Out n;+ , *n* tr> k*ep 
un- iupi:lv «t ibo T*ie rtcju.lTi.-Hl forf-uuli a i/unnift prvved prn^tiL-nlLy imp-jnible. 
Th*rc nvl *-,\>v. LherefOr*, tumrO reJmn(ihn ul" lh* prutPpnt^L rliN), uiiduim 
lack of mpjuirt for 1 he rti-feired ind ittrmpLcd nd vnn^e. But if Lh-ip *nd otbtr 
eiuMU TiMveottd cu.p iweenlBiriJiCi ^nirit^ ffurn bii ptiiLtian,, bn nun crippled 
« t* b* FM™p*M0 qT nny/ ror?n.ldijijt« ulutentent. NigriUjtoMul <u](i(ta rar jjnnj 
in (heir ndv^ncud pcHiticni h ind bid cur rcwaurcet. n Halved Hmu»iini(ivn fw lh4 
■ rtilldry Lo piny jmnlbcp dhy, Ehn tpf-mrnduii* part it 1W] jH-pfcrmtd on th ii, 
hli *tranijhfit4«i>uLil *i?itfl|5ji- h±*4j *ulH.^ v. ui* -itnj gauhiy fruca F^ut ablI 

nil. 



£00 Smtthtw Hi&torfml Suticfy T^pcn, 

In 1ne foftnplra m^wiw dinrcEcd. for ih*i lEh, mj eih vu gleca h» (fan 
what* ILn*, ITl* bwttErin *in 111* riphl And bofc wop* de*>ri fcArlt -nftJ Jsi-pl 
r^J^- T*ir finiTKtTirfr*. Twn- tatE^rftl of SaffnCftft baEEAlwin, Third CDrpi-; 
EwucT JSAhlfmftu'f , Ftf*Er-flrpy>i jtndonD'if Jonr-i- ,, r Swund -corps,, urtf- rtfuhllfci 
to ri''|H.'n in 4>"[H7ni1 Imh-xlen it C**k Town, *bi| *|4 i*i puiiTiiiji^ [he main 
■p»uiun train buck Us Whrntutipun, Th-* kiEEalEan* pun r* fly nmAiaed in 
|n>T4i;L"Ei mrat of (hit 4p;v. fSnjEtii n jr. h«j»*vr p, mai atL^nspU-d. "by Uhj CflGflTiy, 
Ttinl n=i(ht pfE"Pkrjr nnd Infantry ulJ m&v-td (i> (bo rtpi 1 -, 

A [V r iornp cu*u*l I lc*. I nddfTIE In pari En the [m>pnp« of ucb ■ t»l n. Hi™i(b 
mountain* in j.n Mh.riiiy> <iuntrv i 11 iVil/'d by t-jiTiLity dctui; tiEiitri(.-, th-p lifii. 
trritj Hi-^imjiftqjiiir Utncfhl irailwdfn *rriin"<] wlili ihi? Irtin Al WiHLBmsport 
t«t* oh- Ihe (rill, *rvJ op (Jt* ffUl J Id Cn^llehE Mrvicc in rcp-zltinjr an hlbulc of 
ihr rm'ni y. 

Ob E** Tib 111-? nitillcrjf, wilh tho nfldy -of (hr nT(rtv t «irmnp*J nrnr JTneera- 
l^wn, »i;lion'. nim+rlal u„-lil>nL nticc Icniin? U^-LLv-ilmip. Hfin»i-.J hdIbmIi 
wpre, huntwer, rmu-h rati,!; lie* I. Kind ih-c ]u1l« gpfftily wv-fp, «lawn ha- ttl-c TihtiI 
•optE^ Ihtj- h>«J *ndur*>d wiifa Hub( for*, iifld if h*n* L \- dnii£;bE in V™di renv- 
flerw] Jrf|> by ccmurufjl tufcn^ ullh tinmbcn Tednctd by tuna (n \mV\o- 

Ob tho Silthj hi Nek Ln'hr>Ej Ihrcnlttncd by [be *nj*ray/, p,b.i.' *|-ii llftry, i^rtahing 
111*: hiijiofnl M*pKim-i<imiof ibo whii^ ant'iy, -mi-iv-pmIj- juiTEicipatfd in firntin* 
6n HEcEidrd und Furling Hiifl rf balil*, -whusc kit reUrf mi hr.lgHEi wmI of 
Hijfrru'fVr.n., *[h1 frfjfhl on ih? PoUimaf-, janLT ivillfi b?1i;Lv WillFHmi-nJ'rE. 

In fiUI ripertmiuii of a rftt-Wvo b».LLl* Mm, Ihiu army wni by tbD Cam- 
FTiindirLi-tr. Ji.-fi.t fn]|i^;l nj^jfi fur ill dJitioji tlTuitf. hjJ I was *|v.^Jhl(jf 
dircutML Ili ((': (bn, r^'j' thins r o,, 'i' 1 '* *"* ■*('W*Vljril*h*d liy thn nrtLllerj. 
An^Hinl itisEjr for Hire* dujt, JufLnj wliicft lh& anrraF *ii wail*d nuP, my UiL 
imrrsica wct« lilvcn, w>(b lW v( ulbrrt, Hi lhf iwnrk a* imBWHMat tnj 
|irc]i«r*ilfln, -Thn rnwuj, Iwiwtvep, pipnilonily fw*ber*\ And it brtrar undwi- 
MMd Ui iw-iriL liim lar.jKP, «ff mthij- hd un (lie nielli of ih* 13th wtlhHrnwn 
btthrAMitEPj banH hf th* PmismAC. 

[" Uiu ttov*ni*>n1. nprtiJBiily Ipj^IvJucj uitlth Jiitwr, jtrnllT incnufd diffl- 
oullf inn imnuMd iijmvti (b^c rtujran^ihk Top artillBpy oj^r*ilonj by [bij 
cnfHiiltd i^iMlilSMi rf hart**, drftwinc Ihroniflh ikmli »p(urnud w\ Hi laid. And 
b/ Hi*t-mj|fn ilataof tbn jirop. wb^-lfKMnnntJ iJn'urhutc jrniv, Irn in m:iL hJI, 
to cm -raiil* AciiM llif (norHOvn tuidpj H ( Fal]inj^ Wiicn. S(tl|, (ho Ip*K w*i 
Ch«|lUtly Ln-.ilfr!h.l!*n, And in [fan muin iittftiiMly *(cvnipli r brd. Withtbn 
SscTpCi"!! cf h frw cuiftmni, *b»n4-fin«l by m>me ufflcan b«auio tf Ami conlj 
Jtaw th*m n<i lum^np, And taty [jun» [c-ft 'hy thnuc in frhtrgu hi liJfe TiBHjn, 
th-ft tpfplnjpjj. -M*ra rnliTely rctvu tiy nriMi of [ho H(^i Alter CTv^jinjf, U«- 
tBr'tpiini weroplArrdiB rwiLUoKi (xh th* hi]!i }n*L iKbow tnt briA^, m>i«+()t 
QurnL-ti'j un lh*( Jdit ihnf. Lint't lij -pound J'^rruU-i wi'ft »l^.i [ni|.;^L lomg 
ditTHhfe fijrtliiT ifuwii, nnd Jluri'i Wh-ilw^rtliU hjifTicr up— Alt Eo ippwl ±q 
fei jKsi-kJ ndrancA -of th* fiiMiny. A few wnl j- uf bin pi n*, lmwe^np, Jkflptuqrfpdris 
■nd tiipi-w il ihijll (ir l«i>. tK^.iu-'h Ebnj -tock -r*p*) lii li-wjt iHilofviflw. A hi>pIL 
b*dj' fll 1 ikumEdicnf, btnidn, vanturtj rp-tllrf Imrtr,. Inai thc_T it^r* ijw^dilj 
diiptrKil hyitamt. w*llHlir»,.-1*^ |hi>;-. H j, n d rnnno-ji woraih^n rLrtitml i|(i]iKng4r. 

In tbe PpBP,FjflvniiiB eipcditiiin cur iPilJlopy 1(3*1: Jn lh« Spirit corni 2 

efflMf* Ijiltri nnd G wu*iBrt*d ; l£ nwo, Ijitled, Tft5 wwindod, nnd J2 mlH*lne. 
BVcund 4»rp»— 3 ,.(KcfPi k||1oJ p'ld S wwndril: 2g mm klliftd, Q\ tarflunil^, 
ind ft roiiiiB(?, 'J'hiril corn*-™] nfflc+j kilk-d, D ■"^'miniiHl, hiiJ 2 miifing; ■ 1-fl 
Jn-th fciHtd. 1*3 vfimndtd htiJ 28 mittln^ — HjIhI,. B-cffl^tri killod, !i^ Tvau inlaj, 
i-Tid S mining; $5 man LHlni h 41 1 wnaDiled, And 1& mLuJBg. AjfffeijAtt-™ 

Uf E ns #JT1c«t In' , CJfilAln, YfVMt, CibclL'i bAEEnlioD, Firut ^nrpc, elkimi 
Ehi' trihut* fit e'HoAil n^flor. Su- H-IJi«r ni bi^po unQIfiriiiBj; mpv# *r,J 
fJBt-lonttjnr^jr 'Iimit k-jl-hI She Qnalf4i?m<;y In lw +irunb Hjr 9S.i?i*n«L till 
tell tlHUh wounded at OniyttHji^, and bni find yintded kii lib fop bli 
country. Iift>ld«4. [k* two ttrrKtublo gucii mr-ntion*d"«i Lojl from failunt i>f 



Qffrtizl. Rtperit of iht Battle of GtUtfttmr^ 20 1 



hi anr pt Arm vf «■# «imU*1 |rii-n. *f aU«h 
p lift M lb* Ida u mwlhW. ■*• mi ml lu ibi t<mi. mm captarad 
by hit nr»li?n «iii * *»* »»b*>* ft"*" «** t»«.H.. 

ttt ***■{*< AhUW Wm on tfcw balClcBrld M (imrikmrj , tbm iA-pound 
l*HTn:.LL'i, L.Tit J'lrrJi riflt-, utd ibw* 3j>p^iltvnV,kll rflMljrlor tii* tg>iiu|, hiEf>- 

1-n 111* tmcrtLkTU iK'it imipcrfscllj TTBKifVd., *S«I* and ifHHi, alranit -with- 
out f-irr'fiLli'E^ nrlnwJ in higii d*u;p« tan lmpnrEp.nl vprlnn irf courfcgfl, fofiE- 
kidn, *mi j*|l<isc*] ihrlnbrhp from im amgw pvl (In nil <jf dni,p L liny 
hxrjilrit Willi inpml nJflifv tt?<s hn^Mi^tniiifrnLlsi Jiin friflinBriniOa^drijarQ 
fcMViW In mi annmy'i country; nlicTintnk Iim.1 aiuI |..rolri.tLt..l itcrm njcr*- 
Wllhl Otrttf Irlili. Tfifl *rlj hjlli git rj'tiv-lnH^ nftuiil ilii ih.-hii;*, ibiL wi'Sti 
Br* Ihi-f* iptodUy viKhilp(nI : man.v, Lh-trrjfiiF^ *t»t n Ih* miT»i<$m |r4m iJiinl 
In tfili li'n-jf nilJ'iijniruf-r riinOi^l. t*ubirt|urjrittjr on Lh-p ni*rcli i^arcelij itti 
*■< nniLiirniiLd Uk.nl oy piKjrlh£ Fill) JnJC »iil ftlrjhL; Vflt olL I tin tilt) Whit- 
•T« »lw iwrufffd, w** Hfiil ■■illi m^T H"('»lwcq*id" »lt4 *l#-ujy r^%- , "lql=iHq J 
14' htn fr**t mtrlt It » [TtTakiin, in Jit i-i<tt- i n*i *ii"» imn trirod 5 (w 4hIib- 
iptl ttn4 -m iiIij^jl 4ftBf*r df injiiti Id* l> iti b^ri : r*ruki emi of tpcciBJ bnoisrEL 

UTW bawl TBf pa.n(Hiftp< fcy »***T1|J roiTO*vH**i. "B— ItHfU pT~-n ( 04 

WV- Ob bU awh dttaibi Hid. ill Ikt mlmAi* *f npflnttaas ■ ■" tibCI 

UlW«pl|liiil b <»>BLUl**d IB tfc* M-r»Htt ffrjKiHi "if Ut* 4iWB* fjiuft «f UliLliTJ 



■■mltlif thai- am mmn &m U W »?fc^T*>t m tfc* **»^itt«, j*t pr»t*ful t<n 

nutl hi> b*«A Mvni^ithfd. «vJ for tfe* tlill Eprnulni UtrnUi *iii wbieU 
«* m *iukl«il Li> vidld [bit prtil itdi dJ d*f«-nf*. 

Betpwlfully. yivur ohlkht HfVIRI, 

W. H, fRirpLVTair, 
flrij«rfi*r- Of n.Tf nJ nAti t-lAi^ n/ Artillery* 

Qtntral A. R LtR, Com ^flB-nTjij. 



Utter 1t*b finrral t I'. U-nn-lrr. 



Jb>. J. tftt. JoiTH^ .^mrtpr>: 

Pi,** ftl* I T*« kUff »f f>fc**l J. B W *I1*» L !■ fib* Trim; So. *f li* 
fc^itrf 4 Jfut w iiu >f 5<>ri«nr ^wrv, cmprl* at, M? hri*x*aB|ty p La Ibind* 

Mtjmti ti»ur fiiiie-r* vttli * "brief jkhva^ *Lf>liDilltM. It Bitfhl out l» u«e«^ 

nrj »-fr» ynaf fipiji r* f-o^Sfar^ |Q |.h-Mp Whip li«.f» alij' jitlHtl] tBD-wLcdf 6 af 
lb« iul<J«r1, bill I trail that crcn Lhc>n will ricui> tilr ■"Krfi ih^J rvtn«nibtf 
thkt jciii r fi»t*» litvi k very widt « I reutktiaii, irvll w! 1 1 1m T'frriwl lo for rDin j 

T»»T» In ir«ri*o. ] *Ph"IM-, fb*f*fi^d, r.-i^nnl 1 . ' • . ■ . TUlad ill IBEIU il fciV- 

lnj fulifly rUin-rd lor mTiEtf ■ poitll-nn wlilrli J \\fh\ h»! iHi:ijf,_v — 1^-wlL; 
tlml itf h*¥lBg t*-iniTnj.nil*d In tbu acIIub «.L I'lnLty.^iir^ tU af lite HTEiiLerT of 
Lon][*1r««"k i*»p* "II lK« dfld. Rut 1 ^Hl ^nJ*»vipr 10 be u biiaf tri'l ±4 
ccihrla-nn hi ]njhI Mb, "Thn 1icU, irbkli ara n-aEMTknn ki v*+if *iJ r vlfillf odour 



iTnl prlvita of di , *py bittrrv cnBM;rn*il In iliHEn, m u PulU'Wi; 

I .I'f'iiiTl wltk my TikiKhim, mi; m: lK.p h'ul nf tl|* I'lFluinn. but *t Lh« verj 
Ullcf m h JnHng luarchid in tbu.% hinrnTitk tout ■in»cip-f'- I"i*i1 pdaUlufl f«<a 
Culpapfr to fl*LLjibaif withoat out* liKTinK th*ii«iiiFpri»Mnpn of u Hfio-nlJQK 
In tk* ImiI hib Oil niiiiiB. ijitMBi tfttr mit ir-rtvpt {"ifIuriI Wittoa hi-mx-li 
bf^Mllhl. bm *n «rd4f U Mfmtl tn pemn t» i7#inn3 l^h£»tf»*L Ub idtiijf *i, 



'20-2 Sottihem Hi&tcriml .Srjrft,^ ftiprrs. 

I TU OfirrMl. t* (dkf CpmnnAfid vf nil lh* rtrtiJI* ry on th.r field for acEinfi, bat 
to Imirp Colonol W>rlon'i uwn hittaliuei when it will ihr>n In bivouac n+*r 
|bi 0*jbr.<nrn r«d. I did ink* ih* eomomrid *ihI cjtcrciKd it iicsi^lj, and 
|WrTur>pl]v poll iti f4)h(|vh ***rjf b«!Eniion, aiuI i i -' n. r ] t" *-vcry hiUlcry, nist+n-l a 
n jmrL of lOnry'p baLEnlinn, on our rilmn* iljhi drink, wbi-rfo. ill* pft**H'T4 Ifl 
lilt ©MUr* did But tll&w m* tlm*. t» nl?lt. 1 did run ma or bur from Culon*l 
Tft'aHona^nin IhaL dr.y. DilrinR 1he niyht liii own halldlion, undir Mnjor 
&h Ionian , reported to mo, tr.il I niji-clJ' pliicat it in noftiilrin ln-rim' iluvJi^hi,, 
ITid tftnr ^■j'alj^h?. prcr-i'mfd lis jKr^iiwi nnil p*''™ 1 urtry irihcr b*lL4ion in 
Ehn corpv, and iuptio hnG!cri(i luraE niu from Lh* Third cur pi. TkroiigbiKjC,r.bat 
d*y I til in llic moat entire and hcIjyd cdiii ni*fii| nt 1 i]iu klipl*. IIim.i df ^nni, 
And «h«y rfplMro* ivlLb th« litr. bxLU. r / l»tt at ni^hEr and 1 ha™ n-mMinmlir 
ijenonan** until Lbia Jayr Ihit my pcrenuH] uipcrT ii.lon. iu nna e-jculiLitra. 
Aflfcir., ob tKo -tth r I wdj ecnt foF hv tJoBnral LangrtmE Ht il^lipbl, and jhSI 
[ti cTiirgt flf n, ft"* hr.W*H*+ wbkf>, with tha infantry, wvra held to cfror Lao 
retreat uf the rcil. Fcrmit mt to add brlt-f rxlra^tj frem * few, ikic. iJ iiiisny 
t*M<*T* Ln mjr jrfla*M*Lon r from tho fch-tt II v^ i*r.it4U#t, Elmt liny *UWIru'lH* 
may Dd real 4n r=ij' (WW *urd alorw, Colonel II. C L'tib-dl wnto* tout; 
» 4 ii You ladn un Jiod s-hid yuu wore ±nij;rK-d f,> cbr< Mummd jf thr uni3- 
VhTJ for (bo flgbf. lUltlug my biLL*l.„h. bfv rud* U^lhw ly tlM rrviH, »h*r» 
ft u »*h owed mn tho ^Mllionl Jf<iUL hud lolLTbed fur my Runt. * * In iIijtE, 
tou wt-r* ptntrnlir rcco^niznl ni Dnn-rL-iii np( » ^tni'tit ^ammaTij (Vir i"h*i Tlgb(. 
iy Hl^, ftM Lho oilMr carniutrnti I ws* in OodEatjI wiUi. • * SiniiW 
■uEbnThtT' wru- Hr*^ ntnElf' confcrjrd on yoti— Jar [njbtDUD. at Aihhy'i linp, 
Dowri-.-+viJL", unit Daln.nj'r Jkt dinnr^l Lti vSII^. ?i ChjIii^mL w . Mr Uw^nfr, (ben 
CVil-iM Witlmi'l OTFB nckliiW.nl., "rite* hn4 Lhat kte *n tho nigM of JiiPjt 3d, 
he- " lound wifon nnd LVMi'jl Wnllon on CtL<htowji nidd • p-lcpt iifiiil diwr ; 
AriBir JirtTnt on rijrbtf iiddlcd and rcJs E* fPOBE, PifhiE- i*«l Jr^n, left $1 
JiWtli MchnrJ ti* Wmlnngt^n nrLlllerj-, undvr Kihkm»Q r e*i: rrbn ty yur 
rfurmj (A> niflrW.." 

li*Jiw H. F. li*nilijman w/ritfl mn, IJ TiHiil*t*d Tit*- buCdilLvn 5h [Wpiihn 
JUH. [4. Irft of ]^4(b (ircbnfU btlcrr* ilnwn n day, and nl driwn. corr«;cd iiijt 
■>wili[>n H> firnnnE h n cuE^ndr/ Hn. v from thr*n*TiLy. * * JJurlnj; ihoAfigi^a- 
DWfll I T* member yn 1 tr viilLlng mjf efdOHiuad Eo H n^l hixw ■rntinni liun nut 
liijldjnp out," OmMil J-ubn t\ lin-kL-ll. thrn mHJor uf Henry '1 t*iLL*3icii F 
wr3i« mo-, » • «] roo«Tcd an «dcr EYiiiti jr^n 1^ b*lnjf li>ra^ bpu>t?lt* f>ffm 
■thnj fl^jlit iq Ihe ;rf±rh cir-.-liird bint in rrjrurl ^ joiij Yoii w*rn in cjciin'nnd 
of tta Mil? hi fur n* I kn*w urchin*: atK^il il nnd WhIedti wai ru-v*f on tbn 
line Ijo my linawted^o. Yon, (inv- 1 mo iJhI*-.h ^ a^vatit* frTi f»J ,;■ [4, 1.1 1, 1; "d> rlgbr, 
Hid I lieitH you %\v<> oeHrn. ti> SCtjur Dttiriiipf t* idTBDHjon fail IfrH. In irh^rt 
it wAi nnEonon^ lliat you worn in command. M C^piain K.. IE. ^Lrihlin^ of 
EnrliiB'i balLiliorr, wriira, "I uw y»n fr^utmly oil. lh* tint*, M I miipuHd, 
ifirr.riii.iiiri.ni^ rll ihfi BT(tl|*rjf, In rre^utTil ctiDrprHth-n aCbtrwirdi wtltt 
CAucr artilkrv ufflctn^ it wii ilwujri ujijtji'.d *■ a kn<jw,i fidf: thii r«u worn 
[n eonsmuid. T*ra in wumi (ivl n-sn iti*.tfui(i,ifii *Hane to direct my 0^?. I 
B0V«rl;ii»- Coknki'l WnMun during (hi driy." Caplain II. II. Cnrlt^n, whom 
oiECery wai ono of the n^aTcit t<t Ccmttc-ry 19 il], wrlij-* ntf, " Mjf Iwlttry iu 
put lii frfliiEi^B by yiVdHf-1 r In frvihL ^C Ciinttary HtH afroil thfrrt of fwdf 
O'clock C-fi l^lt mOTriih^ of tho 3d, I rvmpni1*r diiEinctLy ittiiif; you often 
during llie dny. H * I am i^iBddmt iJil *liolt Jiii* &r iHISLrfy ^fiiiJtKd 
Efralf illo^h+r ir.d tnilrtly uhdtf ypi'T ^'lptli«-n-;l, * * Tmu wlvniirtii pny 
bjlEEtrjr aPltt Pi-rk*1t'f fh-Hrse ind were urcMiit and g;ivG«ll tie ordc'ri iuuuE. 
■dviriLin^ and firirifj in jrf-nion, J ' 

ThfJio writCH a-f |jr«*tn. o^tty tmEEiliu#i felt til* (eM tSreipt rfl-jr own— fnxmi 
wbkli it it u Fin ee i.v wry to quoE-i. [ omit mint corrii-lwT*tsrr5; leECtn from ■Ch1T 
offlcen of Genertt l^to ind Gfntrn] Ijon^tLroot, And eon*liiitr: witb tho f-llixr- 
Iria; ^iptlw"vn ji*Ef rtifBE kddfi>M?d IU mt tha Wb |n*E-Eit ty y*n*T*! W. N. 
Pf nd lh;[j.m 1 thrn chrcF of rtEpLIct)' of tho atntyi 



Official Report* $ At Battti ef OHtgtturf. M$ 

"TWl * r 1+ Itw Ui»of tfa hant» of QKtjnUqt. Crtiuil Whiten wudsfr 

•»rf :...n*d ■ "hit j af *ivi11ftt *f lb* Ftrrt Wf*, M tmuj rfehllj *lila, **4 

lh.»( Lbrr* m ih fnrmul crde? iinwd diiplirpMr kin freci iJiae fy^jiin-a p-ad 
• u-t*Li|nlJ<'C lf'Urnrif. Bai rcu *; tfcn **rs# lIwip trefulU Juilk&ri in afflrrniiiE 
li*l.wlLh mm sat ta ■nihil? Ouborl Vh»llnn, j«v fcrr^pvlyiKj put Is th*T^* 
af th* ahiilLi ry >■! (bp Fi rtt torjii on ih« L^IJ- *■ ■ yvungfr ud iivrr ■rhrfl 
tFipm Mi » Lralnri uffl«». Tbd dlpprtjisft wm (Irifl bjf GiBdrtl Lmr-gitrwl, 
Irii IL hul my pmJ^ ►p.hnl&n."' 

1'lip Imff 'hJ" limrml licnptrert of Novrailirr flth< h which Cblonal W*L|itn 
jitI ii I*, 4inl_¥ pi>n llicti wiili :ho • bav# in tivl n l] IlluL 1 krr Ivwl iL ih* h(i B J ^ J Lkd 
fukinm, ir.it In Iilii.IvIiii: Kmi CgkubdI Wallah »*■ «r.i»piiL— #rv trtlh of Lh™ 
pnlihiii I >in mr* 1haL Colonel Walton lilm**lf will tilmLt LhiE. GanariL Lca£- 
r-lr>''( Ii n ii<ih '.■■!'.. 

Uwufil I j hi fliLffi*. *!»•> tifcto LfrU hi ci>mii3ntwj pi> M p(nk**f eflppr, but 
U li» !?«■ faM nn irLillflrj roan nun J, I Uml I im 4i(iiml>!i in hurioi; fpol»a 
or k ■■ Hwh. [I Li proper ton uy, In [-lininj, [hit nrvly *v*fj Ip'.:*-; ffw* 
»hi*K | titi. t|ikJWt 4Kpr**M* prrwiMi! T"|HTt *m4 |Llh4 f.-flin^ [vtrd 
t'nlnfi«1 11'«!sjip, *r£la ■ach rarptiM *anl ivnvl Ihal b* iboiili bire breed 



thu iiiTit'Miil itna uliliJiBnt >f HkIp" imhh(u *nt»fL*jrj it* fc*]cr»^j 
lUi'b ibc tmlh *Tbij Ptalranl awl rrlimBM bonlui 

IL. IT. Alexjlkdce. 



804 Svuihtrti Ufstirittrf Smtfy Papers, 



Remarks cm Ibo ^ nmtTlcnl SErenjlli tt Roth Arnale* at UcUjrsbniT bj 

CorMo (fc Purls. 

[Yta f, i ilii I nil with jfTtn? plmi;rt [ba fallowing -piper (ram out lSliIibijiiJiThJ 
iTsi'n-di bdiI onlj regret Etiel a clem, winc^Lulme Jicit-n fnjrvt Cotaflil Wtlttr H. 
Tnj lor, poi nling out the crrori whiiib line -Qou.n t kLI II bgldi ( I n i(.ilt(i &t \\}% (Ut 
#plrL[ Sfi T-h-lrfi ha write*), ii crowded Lata- our noit Ti-jciiliLr."] 

Th» KinTr.i fll bulh nTmiH generally ejrtb three I^hj fc-T t*cli bxtfy rf 
lrw|*, which flgur** it L< f*;grt(t>t list "to- enii.1*lw Hie gtfg with Eha other fur 
the iiirjiu jiri:iv p nor (■> «™j'iire ihe one with a dioVntnt one In the opjuu-llti 
At-ttii^, Thru: ll^ij^-t i-kt'W^J the number i'f otDccri and Kit J ici : iiL, g-n (4i4 
wH>; M. ]inri*nij SJ h pffii-m ?it d^ty. Tha CmcmeLKirj awinluwl eviry 
Bull liftUiKjffiij; l» ;5|i; rt-jjimcnt. sillier p-rcicnt 01 nUcnt on lcnvc f lick or 
'■-.;'■! '■ \ . -t wilbaLit k-flvc. It J-nifijiLiL.r-'J itt t'jtb armir*, Hi certain i|nw», thai 
the abntni*** LumtaM i» [brin eiiivihi^l of the wh*3a force. The ■crand 
«*Ltj!«i-jf t"n-l«iiir-J lurtli the- offlLTir and men proant for duty, and iSjlha 
(kli' hrd en pprelal duly, undfr nrrnt, briJ in (tig r-.^imgni.*! am hn luring* or 
oar p» WpiiniV. Tlifr JipiiJ>*r*iuh brlyrrtti ihefe illfTrtcdt ckjjei if^n fnrt- 
nlpJii't MtHv-p campaign U wcIL illuttni'Ltd by General E±r]j~i divii Lariat 
rtHirn Tur Ihi- Skill Jan^ whk-li hi ai fbl|c<wi,! 

Pn-ji-ni tut Jutv (5^1 CM?eLjwj]„-&,S3flj parceii l*jje, »7, On detnebed icrric*, 
■"86 i |m rti-h l*re, ".J. Under arrat, 31; r+rce'nLan;*, &.&. Sic* SLiL r 3^2 j 
percentile, i.l. Tail], C.J7] j |h:t<iM: l^pv l(K>, 

The tutnl Ii ih* flgur* which U gi'ivrryllf i;N¥*n in Will nraiici uliern onlj 
^nn I* j;tvtii 4 ihfl nijmtrr of tbo nun on. deimic-htJ i*\rvi<:-* Inin^ li*blt ta v»rj 
irtntij Ijuhl day fctuli^. 

CjJLfri^-it^ Arm}/.— A<*flhl:iig (4 111* Tr:urn or lh* ilitol iEay, thn vtBie- 
tlv* hlT*rsc;lb of iho Army of Northern Vlrctnla mi : 

rrncQt: Ififanlry, MjSMd C*V*I^Jf t D,*sSi Mtlflltry, *,+Bft foUL pn»oai| 

If LfHJ ptrevnt^g? of the man on dctic-licd iw-Tvig-ri, unrlf-r n.Trr>t, i^tt 4n tb4 
lick Ikil msa Ihg umg fcnh* win>lg h T hn^- nt Hur Eirl^-'i diTi*lon, nnd iniw 
*rmy h*it |iTJi;t|M|r In^n ir.cre»ird an diiminithcd. *« iliouli Cod Lhn flgjurfi 
npntDtitinr iTic mi'n rir«*jit fur 4luly *'. lIlh Lime (*t-h tiifpi hf*^-li(:Ji (Ka 
n«nl« r>f lh* Po(ijin»« ty « HkJcwtliri'or 13 pti cent,, whScb would ji^* lu 
far th* ihrgg *rflH W fc »l mtn. 

( .!■■ T I lu'li'-v,- th»: SliuHi two touna (C-S.JKifi. md lfl,WIJ rtpffWhl filltj- 
thn wliult liTgnjfth e.r llifl Anoy of KenTitm Vlrsinii wben ilinvndsil Mnry- 
l»n<|. Thrmigh Lh« ijpCriti'jn vt Ifaa drill t <hs LlJiiLtLve ■.IrcDgtb of enflh ri^d- 
JneaC had bean incica^cdf jftcr fJhnc^riLkirAvlJtp. Th^ rcvitfK^iH J'*id rrcti'nad. 
fo-me MondH bf:L>n^fi tbn 15;h nnd. the 31*1 cf May ; renin mom rnrnc brJgrwn 
thu ]-L»n-d 10th of Juticl Van Borcka tiyi ihir tbu nutmanCi af cav*tr-y 
*rrc litrgcty ErjCH^jL-d in tbal wriy, bii-l I a,rd tig-L MCLiB<d %j 'w:ti **g^ il*1*- 
■nciils, and dri ufjgr 14 phuTC lilt facl, 1 profM** to- Faiuulate llic ivtraja 
► Irrr.^ih yf ihr cvc\rnm\j from tbn knuwn fttren^cb vi KVi-ral carpi, diviiLaaii, 
ot bri);>d:Ej a ftw day* Vefuvg Lh* baLLl^, ha (LLnd.-d, hv hfliplilg ndlbrvrLLl^, ma 
HCfty bj Oflafal Ke^tH. I have piehud <iut (lie lollowinc; Hctiru? frarn th* 
W*.ltir*f n-L ^f (J'jm.ciJfTBie -aflli+r*-: 

Ftnir n^imecirjt! I'rt^giii, 1,1^0; jvgfxjji' jkir- foplnwut, %T^\ jina^ni tor 
dljfcty, — j iWTHj;(i |»r n-Lrin-rnL, — . Urnming'!. Irigad4, 

ciillitcvn regrniLnt>: Ti e«cnt r 6,<T1 ; ivcrnf: per ivcjmrnt, 3Mf prcmnlfpr 
iluly , (l(>4&j av<rijj* jica H^Lmgat, filfl. E^aly'j divLfion, wiLb oaa aiUarj 
fld" atqhlgry. 



Strength of Both ArmUa ai Otftysfyurg. 305 

BtrCnKwn njimcnt*: P-minnl, 7,00*; rn?or*jJ* p*r rfEjiracnL, 41 2; premii 
fur AtAw. — ; *v$ri#a per r^incnL t — . HtlK'i- di^iilon. 

PLftH*i rtgi in-c nVi : flrcfcnt, — ; aTi-mcc po* r?i;lnief»l h -— ; prtMnt far 
inljF, MM; n\pmjfe per ffljSmsn!. 393. IPicNotS"* division, 

Fifty-<1irr* n^\viat\\i. \ Ifrtieot,^; iTrm-! par rcgLinpnr,, — 3 present for 
dutj r ll.irt};: pvi.'rafr* pnr ire; imc-ri^, iSft. FjpaL carpx. 

k^il! bcsorn Llut Lhn av*.rng# or [h* men pfrttUtE for duLj in R*rlj> 
dlTijion If c-r*cdjr (he *Torngc bttwm Lbc lwa. ullier fipiTci (£99 and 330)- 
wc t-*D Lifto \\ _ ilieTi'font-, 111 iha rral ilnndnrd of p.ha r+gL-jrtHHEiO i1-rrnpth h 
^hH* »* ibnlL t»k*j iln>, EaTlr 1 * flgmirw M W=ig [!» lipweil ha tn[D for ih.*. 
*b&-lc of Eh* riffl p(*«iil pee regimen:.. 

Acr Af-ilin^ hi ihc labuliir i>1'.irn- of Ioafm nf the Army at Uc-tiiitcit Vir^Ehla 
in the Onnipnicn nor 111 of tbn P<ur,r*n!.pe l fuf-rildiTi! [hi me bj (hu BTcbF^o iif tbn 
UniLt-d StHM "if ftprit^l hn6n(» Lh ir n r=nj; contained lilt regiment* af inl'iiTil rv f 
md nailffi,t* bi. TfnM.it hu hfkgrj ; and Lb* mibhijiiied by *0V Hid 3J3 
wnuUl pL™ ui rt-ip«3i vi-l v SO, ISO mfn-nlry men pfyien;, And 43,271 niwnt for 
diitf. Tb«o Jfi? reelmoftri if Infrhlfy Veprc*en1i the force- -villi whk-h Irfo 
invaded: P-rrin»j.|van'!iH nfter he h*ii left Cotic'i brSj3.ilft m tlinnvrr Jiiritdori, 

■laij-nlori 



or.r: -"ii^i iijr n L n.L Wine heiter, mid bid i«il lwi> i-^jirnim;* hick lu Slau 
Kfl(h [liu prison*** fr^ l"h^ |«L»r|ita-*, f he ni£«Ji1i--n eT PflLtiffrcTr'Flirijmd*, 
>nd efjwdilJy [fan innrearc bjr Ebn dnft, mint c«i**^il«i1 ly £u.-vb mlsed (ri& 
foree iif Lr+j inlanLry T10MJ1 of Ilia PiyLaratv hy trxt-jL g-jflpfl i,ujn ^.hftVf: cli4 



TS(i*m of tbn Slit a< ~)&*\, glnrt (b"t <t*i<? SLn:irl'# mmrnHfidi flf cnvHilrjr hnd 
been ine-Pf-*i(sl bj- Jsnltinii 1 brigiifa of lv* rc^iin«i*s. MarMivcr, lrttbod«t> 
cccfiTi^r r i|, -K-hieb ccritnin«d tbr«- regiment* af (ivilI ry uriil At lrk^L ± ti-w lmiir 
df(4l irilin* rjr nnt *^t«iiiii1o^ fop In ih*' a.Wvv IftT Tni;nitenl* t ^ml ^-n' 4(a1ioncd 
in Ihc Alliftiiin-iM *0"ii*wKn( ab6iLL ftuiiintj% L think t jointd L« Jticvu cbn 
Pa1onj*f. PtT.-ir' ilicpt- n ii H i 1 n .> n e> SImhtL'k eaYdlTj num bortd tuntnl^-flvii rpjjU 
mtBM] *r>rL Imd an ttiD 2] jiL of li»y y. WlJ nii-n n««-n i, ■» h IlH fji v«i a n ■ i.t*^ 
of KL mnn p*» TflglriicnL. Th-I* ?[AfldftM wntaij tiifl ljWH hontnirn [0 Jro. 
kim, i.hij 1 , 1-13 to- Jmboden,. and in tbn wao-lc- ]S,!14f [irrvnt, or*l Cba ± n rvn> 
TAlM bt Ebn irifnr1ry r l^.-STft [imnl for dury. R-j(, o-f ff^ino, fti«n both 
Spira *hnuld bfliWurKd [N wv**d l«fl *f iht WiViJrj- nl KI«rEira*idi nill Hnd 
UppM-tir-sU*! -urhieli, tcing- ihiut l,10D h rediLcei Int i-lrciijith of Lh* e*i*lry 
W11*n tt CTMCtd (hi! P-iiti>iiii-t (o tlinut 11,^** pr#*fnl, urid 5,H.T3 pi-MCAt ("C-r 
duly. Thfl ^imlry hm fe*ing *I>1* H> Wl(4 In il» Tupid mnTvb» nn-f diw on In* 
link ]j|4, 1 iIihIL from Lbn flr>-l -ti 1h-n lul [ttu fljfiiTnp dnluct ignin -jA p^r rent, 
on iJlnl lend, wliicb brtn^pi dowji Lo 10,B44 tbn numbt-r of oivalTynicri who 
cromed the PiM'Tin.-ihc. If wo rrvkan ]brtbu<±r-ri'A in-funiry *.l h-i:i!_t 'il.M> pr***ni 
ftn im\f J wi) jjti. nftOHlingPy Hi* foUmriog Sjnifrt. allien, fwr (be ™^*[r^-mj™ 
pr*i*-j|i for liu Lv, *n ritber ]ow p u lh* nura deuuh-ed fm dulj -vera L*m 41*nn«- 
ruiji tbin Ln ih* infftntry j 

1 n,6ibjErj: pr«Mn L, lW.159 ; pM*CH L for dal} b DI.M I . A rtiLlcrr prtMnl, iA&t • 
vttvtnltnr dtu.Lv, 1.1^0. CiT^lry pTtJt-itL, tO.Sfrl; rirejf-r.t for dj-y, !r,H7g. 
ToUl pntM-nl, T^TSa; nraifEii f#» du(y L W,6SB. 

At tt-v nrCi I Ictt Ii=mJ nc Jlim uh ritinsn*d disLj- ill Uji.mi(eri r fimrdr, Ac., I 
hivq deducted, iD»1edd of 13 p<T f+jii.5 on.1^ E ncr t*fl1. for m-en ah. ihn *k-]t 
lilt or uodf p *rN*i ] J.OgO urnu tlrenflly ^'^V^ fi(fuTn iT il cmlntrw *pt 
lit men -Oh *ln(V witb tbe ETnini >*f Hniiniiniliun, whicb i* n mililiry duty, u 
tt£i^e» i-nly men. per gun. If all thjuc troops wtr-r rii>L al (.ii-LcptbiiTEf: darlnjr 
(be »hol* Utttr, n**ry Bftinflutflf ih.*w w*i ^( * -MKnin (iine wiEftihi rtteh of 
liii: dr-ld uf LkillI^, nnq ttiun-riirc itiidtr Lbn bund nf UcneTit Lf«. Actordjrg 
14 fielH'rml f^jIdEeLonh* oSciil Tcport, tbn nrLillcry wnn- dlvJdtd ta It b*t- 
tiiliojii., 6 (o cicb corn* ; **t-h tiuLiijn i-iihCuitiLHl ^ bttlot;^ <?t 4 tjMifrP eiL^i 
whith iiim l<i pin* r>0F Ji*((*.lWn.80 per eor[», Hnd ^0 for tbn ™hok. tm whii-b 
■kould. b* *-ddi!hl llie- horn* »rtiII*Tf , cojiliiininf; o buiinkM of i jputii Du-fa or 
Sd puiu, ind on, n n rigid a ball*! y o^ 4 ojuiiti Ln. Ktrly'* dj L, v 1 4. i i> j| , -ar 3fl5 j^iini 
In lbn wfaria. I rtofon, tbhhiffrih), (oo *Jide itMni^i nf lh* Arcoj of Morti- 



£Q6 SoisOtem fihfari&xl Society Papers 

«td Yiigiii3i r in FennpykirJ i, it nbnat T4,WW prevent, wnl of orhi:li ill Itul 
■Ti i •- , ) ; l"H n vera pretest, for duty, and Stfl- gum. 

Ftdtfal 47-jaiy. — The cffectivei itrengtb of the Army of Ebe Pntojrcic, 'viz.: 
Tb* number &f the emu iropcrltd *i |>r(janr, *t lh* (t^« rf (ho bddli, U p4B>y 
jf i vcn by Gen. BulLertitol,. in the teatl-m"!^ before tbn Om mittce on (ho 'Conduct 
(if f liu lil'tf , |3ii remainder citculaicd from tbe hvnn^e per regLmneit, *nd 
agree* in it* ldul with H £H*W jjitfoii hw General Mc*d« te tV BSl C^mnijiif* 
or mentioned in. hit dl»p»tclit*. Wbdnaivr Fcdeiil hBLkiy. Rtk'-i it In I Ibej 
-r- * 5 1 1 ^ Oii-ip fflicli^a htrength, the Bcurej Tcnrcy*:tied' t,\tti.\t *'A Ihe men pre- 
Hbl nml jkh only (bet* WWH frr dmy- T* Sn J |S,e rtarnbnr of ihinw W« 
cinnat tird'jet le»> 1hnii 11m iunie 13 jkt <rnt. hi for (lie CMifmlrrMs mrny. I 
htt^v noiilivr-Ly it ill iJie difference, wui fjc-nerAlly Lienor, lonrictLcQH i> mucli 
a* IS p«i rtm.. bt If in (rj« UoIob atmy the wamiirni **ru rwl tftWrtnl m#n h 
tilt iiuoikr of puHjdj, heepilal mm, etcorti or trains, Sec., ™*j muehlur(£flr 
th|B In iV H:iLLh.rr. r i notci. Here are r.bc d^iircj dertreid Iheti 2tJej.de' i, Eut- 
UrDffl J r S h (Mi J il*r 01 Tltr ttRleWHll* ! 

Infintry and di^i'-i^n? nrLi llwrjr rrewnt, 8T,.5O0 ; presenL for <li\.y f IS per 
«aL Ibjj} Tii. 12-Ti. Ca T *l.ry projent. 12,000- prcient fur duty, tO.eiO. Emm 
■J-tiUij'jf, teafauirl^r*' MflOTi, ±l(ntl carp, <SV- jiTWcat, i,4Wi JHeMBt for 
duty, ^71:.. Total preterm lOiflW- prei+nl fur duly.. 91,360. 

flic number of Tc^imc-nLi of i n Ian try wu, HccnTdiiig to Dr. Bitei'i bible, 
EA2, -cr 1 1 i ■: 1 1 , by a. ? i - : rii ii r !& :h b t ^ oolncideno*., jj ivia ta average of 341 men jiefSQn-t 

Ftr regimeni, »i:hin unu ?n*tt (bo ipnin meni^n jn in l"*rly'a divipivn. The 
Liii-rxl -f^j; i zn rnti ware crrLiinlv not p-tron"CT thnn (lie Ccnfcdente <dm. Thm 
FcnAv^ l»,(6»T hjf thfl i>|Hj^*tLuo iii th« drfiftjl-iLjwuvcr'lLttiitaJ, thn^bj. ic^iiis-fiil* 
in tba Houlliurii »rn»jr Wet* ftt Ctrt*tU linie*. t^(IU*d tv r*cTult* h wbile on tbn 
V niun Aide-, * htnortr i. new eal I of volucilvcn wi» mode Lt wu br the creitlon 
of \vcw rtpiftSi-M*. Itti H »*M kBftwn fnf( lIuk ui |o«m «j » rvajlntnt left- fu* 
Ihn iimv it c^ijimI ahocvtlie? to- recruit Ibelf, Tho old TUEnneiili beesme H 
tbarflfi>ru, mejr: jScr:l!ttonit, »n.d before tbe lime nf Grunt vcrj Jew of thuo wero 
tMUaiiifatst 'lln. Ki^iih?* jivtB by JUidc *bJ ISiiLuriii^l, ilii ih.l ,r,i>w^ » hu 
been alk(jt-d bjf Ut, tfnteii«it| tbu niba Wrne ur^ni the r-niLj, ni>r, I lb-ink, n» 
C^nfed'-iMic writcrt lini'a B^riisJ,. only (he mtn pT»onl fur duly on tbn bailie* 
fluid, W( #11 Uii' nnnc xrbo il the lnorrtLn^ cM u'cre. am rcriorusdi jb.i.-f-riL, wbi|- 
frvcr in* j- IK; tJidtf (K^iijiblJon nt ihaL i\mr. T\\* mot, lin-own :« hiving feMMi 
off Ihn Tiinlc» not being irnnTiillj.' hegm^tud iibtrnt tlon-DBtoglvolheTn hthanoe 
!■■• ju--iri viiliiAiT Inunn ibeir jmy, th* uiuil it[^cj[]nn ware ic fict t-ntbrp«U jo 
■fau figure-. 

fffjtui'fii.vi ly Sir-agjiittg. — There- trcre- Jlrifjcjloij od boLb ^IJrn, hut tfit. fjafl- 
federtilm, Ulier Nf^mic-Titesl to lonjf En^ffh**, Slftvidg lift behinJ EbQ iiclily 
num ind brine; in ■ oduntry when: (be tlwri^\-:wm f^und noi iafeiy, hod mucb 
lf-j- innn 4he Fi-demli; there could he ti»ne tn, =Mutrt r i nvatry Hitd? ih-r pni- 
upje Of ibf F^innae., ns evtfy m»ra wli(j £popf>«] flfT imd to b* reported \i>tl 
±Nil eoiiiidend ni- niiM-ki^. Tbe ttrps^liii^ whi hIw»ji very lnx£c in ;he UfiiiiTi 
army ; it wjice^nof'ij.ll}' i^ in. a rricnilTy counLry, wii'-rt- n wai i-i..y i». j ihr mife 
lo dniji out frvm the t.nk* and remain Jm a tloH 'holHild. I rtt He- reaien to 
doubt General itoubkdpy'4 ilnl-fukenV lbh( nn tbe lit of July, the Fint corpai, 
%b4h h rcicbcd ScminaTy Hidge, niter levfTi] d*yj of h*w rni.rohjhf;, ™-«l 
for Hit tiinq bfllnp; r*durcd Jrocri ll,iMl m«ii (jM^cru I* S,3W flghling mtn, 
llnny of tbn ttri^hri )ubft*d tho armv bflbre tbe end nf tbn budlo, hut it Li 
Hot t hipb *ttlnjpile lo rv-chun at 10 ,000 the tola] Eom cnEnItrd 1 by *tr* gffllhvg, 
■u pon JiffunEini. Cdifrt at the Army *!" ibc Pcnom*c *( (be *friv»( of e*rb on th* 
baitle.fleSd. l*tu* recliwi i-nly o,D00 *to^r:ler* on the Union and S.fiOO on. the 
&fiii th-r/Ei ildc, and deducting both camlriej wliicfa operAied -AuLilde of die ml 
field of tallln,. I thick w* fun %±y lhat 3l«jde btvi^hi *T»ut jr^OOO bhio-b«l- 
llej. ngiiml Lee'i (14,000 gh-y-onrh. tkhd BOO gun* sgiiiH KB. If w« wat* 
it) L*krj no noLiee uf the ■"•Jiggli'nti Ibe figure* veuild be Sl r 0lXi igninit Hnnet> 



S-rwjifi */ Btfh Armit.it at &ttt/fxbwg r SO? 

woil let* !}i»ti 6T.0W] wbleh flpttrt* *T« cert* In It, en both *lda.abriTD tha 
mi?k. Tnkine (he mo*t fkrorabln view I'm* lh* FVl*Jpl *flFSv, St would q'heq 
li»v* Iiwn nLLhfP M>nn'T}iaL ](-u this thr**^ tenth-* at aii-mt^nn! more- " n»n t 
fourth rtnjncar [oAtl (ho S^nlliMn «B0r t miracricil iitp«i<irity But mi erctl 
fj (hat ar«^d! bv> ntm* Con fed cm Lc wrlWr*, but which, it lh# lihiu,, [14 <ia* p I 
belief *iii| 'iririil :il MV:i<to'* heidajiiirteTi. 3i.nc* Ili6 ArnfiV c-1" the Potomac 
nun into cjcbtrfnc* shtrt «i4 *twn.j* id.lipoil.tien to- overrate tbg nmnj'i 
aurttDricil itrength. 

IVflffa-i dlvlibiici ^ibbo4 bo eounied id Inid return,*" U flevot w*» within 
reioh. oT 1I16 ritald of bflC^ln »»d uit icft at Frederick to act u 1 hind of ™t* 
port 4o eo^«i tlio pmriion of TVa*l: i m j !. -i: . 

Cffneh r * militia TTii too tiw at (lie lamfr W Wv* b«>n *ii'hje<rt#d to fliioh in. 
ordeal #1 1 dfaWti £ghL Set (bo open naid igD-inrt Leo'i- v(.Ujr»li M>Si1iurt. 

Taum* an IfctA Sidtw.— T¥"d h»™ now tbo Be Li I (IgoHj, which precludo nny 
ftiFLlrtr Ji*cii**lon on that subject ; I nckriipwU-dpu ray HiJilikft p-ulii1*J out bj 
Colonel Al!in, rtih«*rft.ll>£ Ch* lftMfl .yf the <"+nfcdeint? Urmjv nl be *aKrt-0*- 
ledgtj nil- regarding In* lowrt of (lie Th-i nl (ivi-f.<. 

Fto*ii ih» returni of SuiapL, now Id my hn=iJi, hi* Imp fin in* 3J a ml o:i tin 
id ol'JulVf *m 11J4, flriijl iai'LuidiBjf lruboden 1 * and Jenhin- 1 *, muiT krt ^hnive 
Sift, wfaibr, an the othrr bind h trt IBll« dftlust from the 22,T29„ about TOO m« 
lost toiwwn ni,a fid and *"h« LSth or July; thonrfort (ho wbula CoBfooejal* 2 Ml 
at U«Uftb«rT( mxt hiv* bn-n nbout 22,2Ufi or 23,404. 

TJia offleial ipjurw «r* frir 0i« t\-J*f»l*: KIHiJ, 5,Sai i woiind*d h ia h XWi 
Bfti*.SifiK t e,(Mi. Tfli-3, Sa r 3M. 

F.ir Ou> UdtlMfflllf*: Kilk-.». 2.(Wfj; wwirdcd, ISjiflfr; Hiililnfi, 7,-KM- 
Talil. 2E.1SB, 

The- number of Ck<Dfcd<ra?c priiwicn r<-prt^l l'} 1 Mo*dn w^» ia,Hi3l, but u 
lbi»Djjnirt jfieMrt 7,S*3 wounried nTLianori [TwitOd m (}i(i Ko<)*Tn1 fciMjiLtali, 
it IcHVCi ■ belli tic* uT €|3n9' ^+LIJ jic-lunDni jnlv, vhicu icTcr; ■*■''-! with i]i« 
&iuf>deT*?n ilal*nwnt, ibout > llioilWild of" 111 « nun reported Tniftibg, 

nyieciiilJf fa tkKttt'* JLv:ii»n, brinp rcnlir ^u Iiil 1*1". «i< c^^A-ind. 

TheiD ii tlninfDrt )1« diKITCJttncjr P*lw«n LbtiE i;«m, 

Lout* Fait-TPTK DtiBi.EAs*, 

Csmlr 4« Fart*, 



EDITORIAL PARAGRAPHS. 



Dl'K C'-iSTKifff.T'JTjJ lif.'v* pl*wd uii uiidur mmiy u-'bti^ntioni for tli* vnluntb* 
pip<rt r!icy bnvo fuffili^iid us, aird we bc£ llint they ivill bn>c ] ■ nt i -c; ?i ■_■ c If tli^F 
triiclij. do Cim! ifipue promplly. Wn h»y* on h*nd * ftll rah-uf ot puntn, 
Topiwti, Ac. whic-li wo in) unikul !0 puhSbjh *l tbfl *»Fllnt po^ibl* rnonaent, 
6*t wfttr* URtbb* «, fi-vwl iiiio our puffi mora lian. Oicy will hotd. 



OS I-*'JI 137 (SiHrin N*.) (bft tfp*j in*k« <iano»l T*ylo» *p»V of "(li* 
fkltfQ itt ItrtlQ'ii," wli-tn 111 wrot* " /'j^K'T*,.'' who wit, at tbc timn Llladed lo, 
|na TVit MiciiEuF of Ljjii tba FourtHnlti. 



308 Southern Iftatarical Society Imperii 

Otra Ge3k.ha.i. AtiEicr ia tli* "Wwi, General George D. Jchmlon , cnriliDuu 
la na mosl iik'CMlul in hU-rarivnn, md to m-tel & cwUial reception wherever 
he gar* En Ten nrtit*. In Naibvillc b dnrfcivEtle., and JHchion ho hiw murfd 
molt ihin SGQ nd^ritrn-. He :» jn«-L tocinnini; (Jic t-nnvaw nI Jlrmphij. 
"W* ipilr cOtnfi'cnd him n* ft pnlJhr.I roldEer and nn >corcnp]idlicJ pcnllcmnn 
pvity w*^ wonJij- Hjf confluence and rtl*cin, bill tw needi no introduction to 
Jib t*«T*dM if iJi* W#*Uw:i *rtsjf. 



Ovp: TuiF f* CllAnLlHTOP, $, C. h And participation In in* 23d of Fe.biu.iry 
(thiVr*i.l'n- h »■** A iirinl ioHpfenfol Cue, a£d we made nolw or tame molten cf 
tjrtdal JrfldjtJc Inlfrtit, bv>[ wtltt of >p*0* coiiipt-U hi to poMpnnc. Ifarm. "We 
V*t* *lw fenUAftl* Sft iMUrinjg M Mir *.£*&! f«f SoihK CHRjIlilt Colonel £irn- 
jnernnan IeiyI^ * £*iUnL i^-ldli-p iiltI excitant jg-ArULtnun, who- (l BuVlrig ft 
nuki h . iiKC-ciifu.1 cidylu for lie- Society. 



Our FjniHdJii. PjwtFTiCT*, (*nr frfevdi will b*g1*d 14 taffi) totitin-ue t» 
grmr pric/fllcr* unJ if on? WeCpl* "cap lip fa prepirLliiri t* ihcte Of (tiu p**t 

two month*, w<jwill hnvfl tjr far iba mtot fDco^r*jjlTijf r*jx>H for our neit 
uinai.1 mcL-Linj- which we biTO ever h*d. 



The fiKTCTfii (iv the Sjeot df Yr.c~jCKnrjnja. by Mnjnr E. S^ C-r^orjf, at Ilia 
P*l*h^nnj; Jinferr run! Hi^nl, whErh *i* pcibliiTihl Sn a MMMJt ItaU «f She 
niitiiJ^lphl* Irwtdy Ti«*tt, 1« Uli e*rt*Jtrk£)]f prAjihir, entertaining, anil faU 
Uili|« pP|icr- ~V?4 liopciJiil Till »u«e*i Ln jirvduring $o r**d*W* anil VilyalnE* 
1 ftWlch will indues Major Gregory t» trjf hii hcLta pco ors iMliar tC4BH 
thriiujjli wbich u ■ £>11uit loldser 3ic puiod. 



Tn SirTCE or K*ht _ * Soulh C*ruiln* batUry, M glvta in lli» floqucnt 
fcliLMtKri pf Mfi;0T P. R. Karl mtii! GoTtrnor W±d-r Ifurnvjjo-n, POUlJ b*v* 
i.jjjiijrt-3 In ihii number, bul llii.1i wd fen ariLLiuj for * cerrectrf t ^ of &ot- 
f rner U*EiijiLLi. r i j jprecb. 



SOUTHERN HISTORICAL SIM PAPERS, 

Vol. V- lliclinuiud, Vu, f May, 1STS. No. G. 

HVTTLK QK HUKr'KEESmJKl)\ 

We purpoflfl pabLi-^biifg during tni* y<tnv n nijipbcfF of reports 
Atid other pitpcra ransoming the operations of our wealcm arjflitH-; 
and wo fool bufo IujU our rtnd*rn will thanifc uh ftjr pn«pnim^ the 
following reports of Ihfe b&Ltta of Murfrteflbofro' by tho lamented 
BrccUni'LJgo and tlia fpjllaril Crcnorul Gilmonr 

lLv|>uil an* [;cnor*l J. Cr BrwklitrMiic. 

IIeA.IHJI'AHTI'K'. BhICKIMHI&Ue'u DlTEllOH, 

January — — , ISfiS. 
Mu*n- T. Ji. "Rim-, J.J. Gra..' 

[£:■! [ hiv* tbn honor to report Ilia opcr*tkini uf tint diviiLDDaf U*q- 
ICDhDl-Gf-n*Tiil HuTdWuicTp* ia thd IWMl hiiHta ot StMie .River in friint af 
3d u rfH*tb*T*". 

Th4 diflTicLcT »riil co-jrin of St-Hin wlrot toA lie niiurc of 1he ground 111 
frcnlof tfo& town ire wcSL known, *rvd u Ihe report of in* GcjktiJ Cu rani u rid- 
ing will ii4 duijt'L be icGoonpnaitd by ■ ifcctob, LL ii not Qrcrcury la d^rlbfl 
tbeai lure. 

Od th# morning of Bunditf th» SftUh, of Dwftnsbtf, fn* bf^wlM (nored from 
tllfllf tncirapronpl* *nj took Bp linn of l»til* *b«i*t oen *n^ * h*lf milra Trom 
MurfrMjbbH r Ed th* CuSLamlog oiitnt: AtUrar hri^ndri a:i tbn rb^ln, tajili id 
tljhl n-'Liiif; c.i the L^cin^r. ro#d rrnl iu< Ic'L *il4Tidln^(4Wbn1i thr far<Lov«r 
Sttian rinr ■ ibw! tl inline* b*W the ilp»Lroy*J twidg* on. the Nubvilla Ujtd- 
p|V«i Pr&HOfi OH. tli* 1*1 of AdnTii*i P^Ln»i?r -Ofl tholiftoi PttUon, nns£ Han- 
*G«i l\>Tin!ng lie l*ft frf (bn linn, «!ih hit Inft rWSog on tb+ Hg'hi tnn^ *f the 
river nciu the foil. The- ri^liE oT Mijw-GenicraL TV l thru at LtftitLViin 1-GeflGrm! 
Folk 1 * cot pi, rt-'ly-d cur lhc \tti biak of th* 1*7*1 mil ilJghtLy in u!t4)|K4 Of 
HftnMB'l lr-ft. 

l l ri(jmJicr-U-en<ril Jickfcrti tmi'in.^ reported to tnu wLlb ni» ramnmnd, wu 
pticrd, by tbh dic^'^AQ of Um Li4illtl4n*it-Q4nifii9 OfiUbUbdiEkf, upon [be 
cut lidD of Itic Lebanon potd, n-n contns»ri(Llnp gUJiipd, *. HLtU Sia idruHol 
the right ocf Bri£*dicr-G«ie»l Adiam. 



310 AmlittTti Jlhbmrai Saeitty Puprtt, 

Uj JirUi» fan*) tfc* fe»4 liu »f |b* |%h wtacof tbi fc#mt, *pj*r- 
Q^fifTil Ckturna"* JirWon., drawn up Mf&aiii: lMjftdr+d. jfftfti*!* hf*T. fcr«#dj 

ihi hcond Hfl* nf (tin i,n K win*, wtill* ttu divli-nn iJ Uijn*-I]*fi*r*jl He- 
Oe*ft, Uluhr li* IhnmpdlwW dlf»<'(L,ini cf 1ht QfiKTil Co-mrairidlnf, r^-rapciud 
t*4 TfW T» »- Mtp lift* fp^a^Mt frenn l T fi h> rlfi Dt ilooj Ibe flfs of ■ fomt. 
HH M) «$*a *p*c* af ppjr kMM purdi, vbkb rawnpM fcj Wri JUL i 
VlM'.T «f Fkwlen^ Mft»J* r wLlIi ih. Twinliptb Thidok* tft rwrn to *op- 
pu II. An epEn i"IJ Afgfai nkmdTtJ. Jfirfai In Mihb m brhdxl nl^ng jir*i , l l r 
Om* whol* IroBt *if llii ILiup, and wu *Hjiin.dtd Ait H** nip^u, ililn by ft Jind tff 
ferM ritnilir (4- (til ivrnpifj bj- si In [bi opinion otf lie- ljiul*n_»&t-G*n*r 
r»: i% m.17 i-a.r.j ■«.! ■ ii! tain pIMaa HpwJMp ■ «w tfct pj ,-i ■] itfitj il*. 
M>4 ihrQttytj cum i m Jlay, vbu b*d jmtwmUJ' baninlgl tb+ It hap, it wu 
III* HM»|(rtt papilla*! lilt MUire af lilt grviirid Would itlow. 

Ataul ill bniidpftd VHfdi in fnmi tif HtlPuq'* «hl*f WW +n umlrn'iriiM 
which ii wum dwnnpd Irnportbril to bitld. Il «hii iiiirnLnd ihi gruijml (1(*jiSbj 
biinli tbr rim !■ lb frail wl «• Jl* left, ikd flu lb* pule, *6 lb* i*4 
bub ercvpied ty (In ti [lit *f Wilkfrt" I In*. G+t+n*] Hunt *Ltt lb* Fhit* 
Grit Alib+rai, l?ip Wlilb and Slrlh Keotuckj, nnil Cabb'i batlvrr, ill of 
iUnuih"* bdgid.?, «U wilfr*l CO- Ukn tnd twU llili bill, wlilnb h* did, rn- 
pulilnp; rt=rfr*J brfii tiiu-ki af lb* *Mbry k in J Uilnj; wrt* +m**I1pIiI oflktri 
L judl to lb* toft idJ r*u of Ibii jmiIUdb a f niil I 
h» ^Inrtfaw of ll^or Oram, mj Chief »f 
Anil*"r_¥, <ru b#4dl durlnjj ■ pwft «f Ibfl opcnfiliHU bjr £cnipl*'>i bitctry ef 

KB[wl*On fGQL 

In Lb* pfltrftpiih ft TtM*J»f , ihp fdtb, I rtotlvtd! Iniell^fcnM fruni LitJUm. 
uriJipnrrpl ttpfir* lb*l ;l)p 4i'£iSD4» nJ ClpbvtriP »nd MrfrArn wrt* t* hi 
tnufrrml to 1-t* *i 'mm left, »-fl J n^n mtter n «r«kv csaw M M fm« tb* 
G»i»L C*m.m"mllHi to hott til* M 1 1 »1 ill buanli. I fmn»«ikt»lr raur*d 
tba lomiinuVf «t IInriHrti'1 £rl^m!n |.i Ih- >ii'l *p.i| HTcrisLbfn*! Ccttft bub 
tary wllli h tMtLrini ir»*n 1m<M"*\> bilKL-J" iPid n iK(i«ri ffolu SloMhilt'p 
'ft'iiliipiCHip Anillf-ry. Ai |bp «■)( Utmr A4*r1Ml p tripwJt WU n»Tod fi^m 
tl* r%fct miJ 1 1 rn> 1 1 **■ Ih* t p *4* i vtixivaHj r*M+i*i bj Hifcf<*'< brip4*. 
jKhmn wm nn*i*l to lb* w*i| *14* *=f Ifc* LrbjM°« rt*J C^^AIihM wili- |J)4 
U«n.Tp' linn 4f h*,LLl* 

All ihf d^uinl ful df Hrimp t\vwt TfBj new Cm t* bntd by mhe ilirifiOni, 
mbhli In ■ mdstI* I lti« d id ihi[ ■*[ l+4i'l fpins Lb* f^nl to Ihe J>|ihi"-ti rnwi, 1 

4M Hlfbqp *=.Jf gwnttml Ht* r iJiif- «J )K4JUM) in wIthit, b«Ma lilillg hw 

fiinhiblp Ln *tl*T r«*p«N, wooldl h*f# wH+bcJ. KtailJ'-i'blj I'm Latcfnl b** 
(■■r-rii mv pi^bt iml 111*. LctwnHi rcwd, Th* qa«ini; did nraC lUfmLhi aEUclt tbi 
bill WlLb \t\fti\Vrj\ lniL aup boon* Ibm cojiljoupd to mflr during all th.* op- 
#(-*iNim hum htiTj - ph-p-llin c- Ouw trtiilcrj »1 Lhit poifLlca cift*ni did p*w3 
prtilL 1 * lit diTf-rtirc lb< f-rv-MDj't Br* tr*m hit bUwiItie rioa »f l*ir»Tili7'. *bd 
+tp*<4*Jlj, an W«JkMdbr the 111), nnp*y to trmfciiH ■ ■ !■ ■ ! »f tfctJr fo* 
mullaiii an Ibn w*H Uhk 4f |b« rl*tf . 



QJfirhtl Rtpwis */ tt\t U'nfffc cf Mnrfrta^orc'. Sll 

On Ihi morning of W?dn<riJiy LS* Slit, ibe ImIiIr *p*n<d 411 Mfe Saft, 
From mj fr.mt l^;f.iTHiaH<*n ra^i. |a 4m fram f»e'»h.'i l-..y»I-t f>i*r* Ln 
rJtib*r tkal Ik* *n*mtv kirf ag .i H l i li) 44 !*■) fori! M*w, ■•*« a«hf •* *■■ 
|Mwiti4«iB lltwtflMl)-. TH»p*-^tfrtofe**tT«rt. ■ * • « 

About lof <iVl«i A. M. 1 wrkvfJ ttr-uflli Drfwnii J, ^i^ddird Jchn+Uio 
■ * u j; g rrf 1 1 1 ■ Ti from Lh* fri-nt-ifcl CnnimHirtdiiip Lit iimvp agamiL th«* papnaf, 
Ebi(#i4 -of nwphLi>|; 1i]i iLlirk. 1 1 find IfaRlCclontil J'ihn.i(nfi it^i riled Ji it rji 
order, bal u I mnrpd at wui It It mri hi»^riii.) I fiwfitflrd Co flpht wi lh* 
[hhieo. L th#n ■Kt-vpM. hit raripmlflp* iktl lk* *kj<« »f ifc* 0»n+fal wu la 
flaJc ■ «tt*wI«* \n fR-roc «r W Wi, mj Us*. *trtf I HaitbM'i hripfe, torn* 

IHlfnaolio* El llit oirrttfoti (Hrfni *M fka ***«_* >•■■ i^ppv^d to fe* 

»4T«i>rinE. W# 1*4 »»P«Bjrf ntwul kaLFi mil* wIihb I tocoI™*' lJifvUkt* Cet- 
**i«l Jn|rrii1>7tt ¥*\ OTiUr jVinii 111* ItsntrpiJ Cum dim n.ilrvj; to ttnd a.t |p«t| rrfi* 
brEjjjtd'Ti |(i tbfl uifiporl of Lipiuk iianL-CJ«nHraL Frilli. wLi> wii b*rd |irr«irj, 
iiwi ii I racMi]l*c1, lm r if I cou-hl ipan? th«nv. I ihtMtdlRAdj Hn L AJi.ni 
ud Jickion, indi: |Iw ■aim \\*om luij^nijil hit ■iarani»=i!. ind p*»l fo>r- 
«*t4 Capiat! Hl*a*a«raai wktk mmJ of mj f+rort, and Ca^iata Qakjaial 
and 1. iiaitaaal DamfB *f hi #liff, with orden to 4nd icdi r*p*ifi villi rrr- 
laijilr ilii po*lLl*>ni arv] nroTrrrirhLf of Ike mtraj- rtoeh afflfj mm fliilrr r*,rai 
from LLw fli-nnful CtMnWnlidirnr In CiviiKbim lb* tHi>VnmiBL Tfcn tin* igiEa 
ad nnt*3, krj hid nut pUMMdtd fhr wblB £ PHtlred Ml wd»r IVom lb* Wen. 
tnl &iann*rtJin|{ thriiugt^iltintL Ji.tLruLtir.. t+p**,l*i fcyCoVnwt i±rm*t\U\\,to 
Iwr* HtfiK-n Jn pnltkn *a lb hill, ud wilh lW t»^»Ait nf bijr taMtaM^ 
fa Hjrorl il o*>r« k> Li«tcB9Bl-0*«>fr>l F«1L. Tli fci if I n of |>>*tiD« u| 
Vilur vnw llPhwdiiltlf mnwd bjr lb* lull l»w«df Hi* font Irt&r* 
rnf'TTfil In, Cbdi lh* i>Til*r of th^ G»in*l exeHJivd wll h (n*it npiiil tjp, | n i\u 
memnilmp, rMEh-jf RifWiTit L" Hi* jnHirlnti OccujiEod ii>- lh* UmeralComiiinid. 
ing and Llfnji*fiBnH5eii-«ii] Folk, mm ttM whi bunk "t U» rtntBttd > ILttli 

Ej T LjmTli* fn^il. 1 HrL«^d >l>l<«HMiiM M# i|lac4Arii th* brlp4*f rf Jftck+M 
tltdj A^bi rH#ilEsf ft*a a. t iry hci In ef u* ihaj. 1 «« <JJ<vri^ fa^ 
]J*ut^hktit-0*>Hml ffbtk to from wmy lix whk na rif kl r&tLiij ** |kj* r t f *f 
ind ilj lift «■ L^nJiQ^ tvxi lh* *p*n fltld. CKviLnf lh* Nipfcilll* tur#i|dk* 
i.Icioj-1 at ■ tIjbIh Rtigtv, Whllt- my trrinpi wer* pnminif lhr river *rvil ifMLlnx 
Enio Lin*, I wd* ftfT«*Pd *Hli « |HifL|iirt ut my "mfl", *i»i*l*d \l>j ^rUnmnn »T 
(.he- iu.lfji cf tinivtrili Brijii >nJ l h i>lk, 1* r«LI_v ■ml j'njm AJiim' hMKft'F'+i 
whiek vu fklltn^ bark tail i_r lx-lw«-n lb* lurnpib* ulJ kka rl»*f. J^rkbifi, 
■ nek ebI ap, kad j ilw id fartfc'r btwanki *ar bffL 

To«Mfwf**f BhKrflnr-Uwrrtl AJHivf wri nlM and pluvl la Uu 
■eroai 0>t iltll bthLnd a low tn J vtiri itn.pmtTmV bn^Lwork erf aarlk aod 
nib. TfciMB hiljjiiJrj diJ nub kfiln ielsr iiia ii.-thin that h1»j- iJ wlitrli , Induod, 
cl(«*d potin after whb Ilin <7]iar||4 *)f Prt*lon and l'«hiLnrJ. Th^j- had tlinWod 
wcrn-lv In an rIIb^pj <ap?a tup*rli?r runnbrrp, r*rj *\ran[\y p^ttJ kltti ♦**» 
Tji-.hI Ut hjuhUfcW >4d pewirfiiS kauttta*,. •b>kh kid npvJnl alt ptTt+t.&t 



£]£ Southern Historical Society Pttpera. 

G*tsrr*i JLd*iBi bat-ia*. mind a viae! wniJa (>ll «.ni.l_T liarling bh b) T 
pit, Eb* HBamt Jinind apoa Coloail H. L. QlIh«b. who dauaanAa 1 Ik 
da li -* Ihrdufnoal »11h pnarfcid «njr*u» und phlll. 

FmUin ted Pifcmnr Imlng uirtf in kin*— PmLon or lit rljhlr— LicuEnnitriE- 
Gon.*r»l I'oit dii*cwd we wnni**tK* icfo«« tin plain unLLI 1 ouMJUftwr*! Hit 

Tfat right of RHJ Ufl* mtad on Hi* H*(f ■J*Qii frftffl th*«9U*4 «f l«.t 
NHlM la adraacLnfr. red. on or <ttry ai; !■■>, «hil# th* Ifft touch M * 
ifairi J MCdt fe»m a>bwh tt« ft? my bad oaea driven daria( laa d*j. At 

Lhi ^ipoaalte aitnnoiEy cf Iba plain a rmkr brake eilmdad 1b. (roaLof FaU 
tttr't wl*glf lion and iwo-ifairdi ot PriiiwTt liony tn* ratDiinlng-ipaci fcu ifa» 
rivpr Win- rompatnlinly "jn-rt, i*hli *7iipnm*n.diBg lW*Hp t and EfciPOiijrn tllll 
TH Ifc* rill road in>1 L4f*|i|kr *(*rly U*» bjf vkdf , It Wat mjpp+ld tlHt lb* 
«■«;■ Itu im atralhl I* *a*s, hot Ite m i rti riwrni ibat l> *4«**clif 
cur Hghl wrf fc-i* l*A Ik* bdtat of ti»(*rt anajd. far" aa- *Wl» «*f W. 

Th<** l»i> bfifjutia, p*uiB|t oier l3i« trwnt Ijinj behind, lie nib, dwt«A 
■jctuwi tll*pUln 3d «srj Anpordnr unJor I In ir* oft to pnpniv'tarLillcr^. TVe 
had piiL'ifupd bul b ih-iM dl*Lan« wlirn LVUincl (Vrtara ( m,T »cLi n.ir Adjutant- 
fjri,rf*,l;i riLIrd my aE4*atkin to a ne» baltrry in tin Kl *f Ukini; pn»n>na in 
fj»al al *Qf riffal fcn««i i*r n*r>pj kj« i*J it* ti«*r. t 4to«t4i«V]r **flt 
bit barb to Snj WW aUtf hry ** " I T thiwrj^ btHHaj- HaJUi&JaaJ 
placed In pntitiw lha WuKln^n. ArlilUrv, Aioui Ibd unit Ijbmi Ci^lrv 
B. r. R t ¥rnH Ttp^rtiJ hi* ImUMJf U* nsb f ifn| r«ctkit| •!* ord«r l« t*l(t Uj< bait 
portion pbtouU flnd u4«ltflfd th,s tnawy, B* iiactuM^dd In opining fa 
vlu-m i.ri#r oanr ILu* bid f**»rd r^rwirJr 

A umlgrf ulii l H riiM^H flllbl aloBf t>* *kJl Hlw; W ktbl* 
4t*rf« lk> * niif Ihm Ml opHi tr*** 'i tifli *bJ C**Uf . Ik* <*iMi)Hrt 
iMMint^d to aaa nandriri in J jn^-flT*, TH* Tw^biMb TmBM***, *fUf 
dflilnfi Lb.D Hicmy «Ci (tin NuKt «f ill* H»fnpHl# 1-nJ U^lntl lwniHp-fl.»* jirlwn- 
*T*, im i»Hnfiellwl 1« r*U lueh t*^.--ri. « Tfrjf 3i(?»vr irLl llnry and mu*bi«lrr 
fn. C*l*a«l Eudii('< ruaiBa*adiLiL|, IhLbj w+i*p*1t mt'Und*it ; bul h ki-rjil Ilia 
prknm and «-* r i J ■ 1 1 ■ i (4*<*Ma™*&d T** Faortt FWbdk aad HxlHtk 
S 'i i- *'jl|ft* ■fi«nJnlir+J HThKU liidli uk* »t a burnt Imit iC^aiali) aa. 

("!,i' ".rfL pf Mi-- turapLh*!'' Uric-.-* uri 1 4ii!i.-r cl <.Li.-!h*, i,>..L w m * f,ri lUciM »Im:h 

lllTQ-wn (filui pmu c-.iiiISji'iuii. Hfrr^Air iiroral miftilWi Ihay -art* rSpwai to 
a d^irurUv* mi T^nUHtf afilliiUVf Are it ibofl mntni of arUllory aq| 
EalkilTj. Ba! |l»y ntwtttadft t±llsiJ lii cbrlr eiJLitt brifkilr**aiaMadeE l Ba4l 
mhtaf vt;n> i LJJ J f * khm ta* iauj^Milfij taa£*, «Wrrd ii* radar fl>44. 
Tfc*«B*ia^ fe»i nlirad from kae eedan ibJ «u in parflina la- a flild la Iba 
lYitflt *Jii "l(hL 

By uhiB|{lri|r tbd fTunl of in* camnritnd tElahlly fo#*rafd Lo tbn rt^nt Inj 
lian *u liwupnl -panH'li l-i Ih-aL «[ (Sin *\\wmy t»d *« tiirtn^l uft*nli« i*\&* 
t>t Efa< ndirk Ab,«H ibh !H»?, n'n a iling Litmi*±.bi-^rrj.p*l BihIb, »i 
«tll l^trlOir &***• «****<■ 1*# ■*>* I* ri««k£**a* pwttlaai af lb*«Ha»j. 
taJ fiKiBil hJoi ttrnoglj' potlnd in In Uaia» of Haiti* vtf^firt/tA by Ruuiariaa 
1;MVhLm. On* of fall Han bid ih* r,rg1*clJnfi *>t U» »H«ad flttt, fwajlii^ u 



Official Etpart* s/ O* BattU of M*trfrteAan\ 218 

Wi had ft»»«i.l»+rr. *■ ■■»■" ** "l*!"** teWd- 
#■1 ill MM 

It wm 4**»*d Httla to Hi*** «Ltfc ti« H<tt* yrf*«rt. Si^fct «i bdw 

upttttrLlnr, HN^«ftily cbs ranainder rf LimjL*fl*nl.O**i«'r»L llanWurtTB* 
MB" u|f»n Ibi Wl, pBd with MtCowii p c^bnm.iid mil n v" c ' ,f Ch*Hli»=n* 
pr*l*rvR*l Lbi Ilia* af bulla in. lliat dltttlUjn. Alum"* l*rfcj*d* nl» ■jipfarrf 
Mi tbrnOBo. on iht rfclm of Praion, Tht M™J* H ¥pU«*I Jn p^ilip*- 

Thu CfHtnn*irfJBg'a«i«iL *sp4cLlng m »lt»ch llfH"l Wi rlglli lb? n«* 
itprtilhtf, *rd«M m* during Hi* ilgM, to rwriwi ill* rl**i wllh F*liWi bri- 
(„ln tjnfuw dajll|flH Tntffioaj JHflpnln« r*lllH>r ■■* If* pfl*lLlon «□ ifet 
right uf J[i.n*on. Sm p»IMP»l flBirafffrinFnL uci-iirrnL nm Ihl* dij, Ll« IfvOJi 
fiamllr ImIbhj impju?** 1* f* pi* nil blag lit* lBifn.unitl*B, s*ol<ln B ntknf, 

Ob Friday, ib* Si o# Janniiy, bnog dwiiH.™ l> urtrt*lB Lf lb**A*«jr «■ 
pHabtUblnj h^HiK.n th* tatl bm* "t tb# il™. Ll«*»(«*.i*l'tM*Bi* >*■£■> 
phv ud H*fAt Gniii. »fil C^umbi Bj«»i butt** *ad ■ pwnto* ** «*• 
WatMtfm ArulUrr. ■»*•«/ LWtitt«*«l D- C Vi»»** t »«1 i»«*td * ™ 
1m cf •klraliUn lanrd. tin Hjbi. *a4 «rmfwl lfc**»nf tfc* rt^a?, *bo ud 
tlvumd F «tbi|rt a thpaund ywrdi fr*» lb* nM b*«l af <3» ti***- ^7 
Han rrrftitrJ k ilnWR IKrt *t ♦■.LfmUlwfi. wtukfc *" driTrii t**4 a ral- 
lUtrall* dLilatic* l>J oaw ifaarptbooteii *ad artlll^r*— th* laU*f IrSag 
HTf.r*l Iwimm k th* fl*Ui La which th* *fl*mjr h«i 1»"*^ indwr, A* 
Ihh limn llin", *p.*iBij.knSHl tj Majiir f ltV#|l n of Lli^HOBiJit-Oprrtfiil Bit* 
d«i ililT, MnL M^l^r Wilion, CuJummL nll*r», mil H^mniiBt- A"**- 
Inri-iiffi rf »^ o»n, I pr««Jfil t*i«roi Lh« luft of aur llii* #J liir^ 
ml»li*H, wfctflh |wud Oti-^ghi * ihiek wwh! ■b-nii (UM jC»rJa Sn fniiL«< 
H«h*^i-J potlLlon ind ii-Wftdtd i£i tbo rLvn. Dl«fUn( C*pl*lB. Bmcqib, rfit* 
ttlnlli, mJ Cft|.Eikh SlfcliK-rfili* FuBrth Kmlut'fc^, (ftilriM 1*;*. »■■ rawmj'l 
,liliH^lih*n, tp* w*M ■B*il*d co Hfl tlni He "U *«up]flnt »hb. InEislrf u4 
uilllrr; IN ««* *f ■ pntl* »l^p* pB ik* ntl fr»F> if ib< fi^**- Th* 
* rf Ik* *«* f«™«l 1 liE434 K« ii" • F%bt UiijU viitj Hi***'" ^B*t 
whKb *Jpi *t»tar of ttM psrflp-pif 1 »■■ ift»#^*ri* e**H*4 » •fl*efc» 
dl^vkt jiMMt IfiOOjmt^. It WlllW ■!■*« gWM* BBH.OtH* »"* J"* 

Wbll* « in i*i**?wlo« t* ufwiiin lb* fare* bI (hninMeJf, *"J tb* 
MlallpB rf Um grouftd ?fi tb* HJt b±ak to llnl vti ibf »i»i b*nb «f th* ihh, I 

r«e*Lrr<) in "nkt F^Bi cba Oonaniij]diofO«h?rijL t* uport H> bin l» •pmom, 
I found hiM « (ba *«1 b*plf u*»r Ipip TptJ brl.P* ih* bnJit", »Bd nsMived 
from him m 0«l*f Ui fmni my diTiiiu<n tit t*0 Nbn *r,iL l»k* ilff ctwi I liBTt 
J.u*l dwpflknL wlLli Oi* IrvfinLTj'. Aftrr lUln* l*i* I **» L* trlfifl tip tttriTlit- 
l*rj mil *nn.1)l|*b, ii no lbn creil, taunt i-nc* to bald llmil unfUMb the tne- 
m.j'i liftr* M Lh* otlwf ilde of li* rL*rt, P»ir»m imJ WH»ft*B. <****. witb 
KD9«.<«tklrw-inJ Abattrr?, wita B>JfH"i ^i" )■■!"■■ wh*r* (tajf rSuKt would. 
mi w |fB lbi n#w Hu# Pfb*«bs tbouy ba tV,rra«d, ^ilhi Jlr^lrti, u kbi G*nr- 
rtl LflA*«i*J mi, W pr***t bsj ri B bt ud c^«pvn4* Lb ibi HUok. CkprtJB 




214 BmriAern jRistwitfil jSaacty Pbpzr$. 

Patupden wtt ordered lo imparl (4 m« with fait mm and S*Bif[«'* Tj*»*tEei nf 
H»polter, gum, frpfeinWrigh^vhe^lLhlliihitLciry, bi4bOTd(il*th*dMttt 
d^J* otkre-, wii ordered EA join hit brFgid*. ( Pr**ton r *J, Tic brigade* of 
Adpnn and Proton, which, a/lru Jaft en th* wwt ildeof Ult tivcr Wednetday 
aljni, h,*J bttn ardnrfJ 10 rajoln m^ A4 ihe motne-i-. <yt my *dv»nro put 
jrtlllflpy ip Lh-» ceoEar and <b thm lift W** I* oprn n-n the- DBnnsy, Obg jfue 
from our Mi5E«r w» Ebn iIrbi] Jbr- Ui* *Ll*nk. Tbn CorammrfiryrJJtneFal 
desired (hit (be trtrnTFiunt jbnrcld bd BiaJt wiEb [feu k»ir pou.jb.ba delay. 

It wu naw £j fc'e!w:k P. SI. Two af Hit hrJgadM had. ?n march abraE Ewo 
mitw, eh? ether [wo abraE con milt, fl hl^aditrrOcrirrat Pillowi hanilfj 
reported fgr dmy f wit nwipnpd h F Lh« C™nrimaiJlne:rU*f| fT1 J u? ftlja*f?a ori- 
£*u>i and llit O-o nfllrrr returned command *if bLx rv-f^i iili^h l , and wu 
(hr** Eimc» wounded Ib ih* origin- nnfiajcnicDl- Tfca Jfinih Ktntucfcv ppdf 
CobtV haEEJSry, undsr ill* e<min*ilnd; of Cobonal IIobE, war* !bft to bold :ho 
bill '0 often rc-ferr-cd (0, 

T-h* dSriaion, iftflr drfufUng In* torn* oF WcdnwdiV', tlln irwjw 5oft on 
Hid hill and mnnpaniea 13 ipwkl icr*lor, conjiiEod of nxm* 4,-Wft ram. 
It wu drawn Up in two ]£qm, did int. In. t n*.r-r*w ifcirt of woodi r Us i«cni 
(nn> blinds jfhuii in r*mr . Pillow and H*fi«U formri (lie 3nl bine, Pillow 
flu Ebb rigbt, Proton japnoKid PJ33&.W, Mid Adnm* 1 brigade (commanded 
bj CoJuonL OIlwfttiJjitpniirErf H*n,«fla. Tbn «rLill«rjr WR » placed in rear of 
(hoitwnd line undn ordan e* nmt with it and oct-apF thn fitiumhi ,yt (ha 
*W]rt *■ wren u tie Infantry tronilld rouE Ehm encniT. Feelinjf bjisIcoi* abflvt 
»y riRh( r 1 »nt two- LUnTadktn k »uo«*iioii lo EnnnrmnicaEa wiLh. PflgraTH 
"Fi'-t WIrtE™, but recc\ve4 na \i]Ull\%tMt4 an to the. mornBriE of uuuli. Tb* 
JnLr-re.l b*lw(K^ irtjf laft and Ui#lrDdfia «i ifcr, Mil ua* tlpHdy tM> great, tul 
I bh<t a baitrTV t<i *tich (E. with a imill infNntfj iup[wsH- 

Tbcr* waj nDtblnjf ys jitflscm. Ehd e-neiniy froan obi*Tvin.jf ii«rk>- tit uur 
Blov^tEfsiU and pTflp*r±El^n.f, To P*Mb. Tiim it wu* Ji«w»arj- Eo rna* an flpon 
Ppacttiz mHnn lundnfJ ytc4* in w|Jth *Lth a gtnEta UcftttE, Ttw rirer 
wts iWfWf] bundrDd jardi In mir a4 hk p(MHkrt h tut dapurWd lYo-in it con- 
lUtrtijIf ■* it flowed tawinfli bh left. 

I hud informed tlu OunmaBfllng-C^n^r^l E&AE- W6 w4uld be read^ Jo 
*ij^iirif (1 at 4 o'cJnch, and precisely ±t Ebat Ihfjt In* tlgBnl ^idb wii hiard FnSnS 
«ur (-hbeo^. IripMnEljr tbo lTDopc mored fi.-iwjrd at a quIcktEoji ind Ln Hdml- 
nabla urder. Th4 FtmiI lana bad anyiMiali flicd, wilh oiden to dcllnr or.« 
T«Hej isd th«1 V** t-h* bflj^nc!. 

Tbo flrn of tbn taoaiy'i trUSk/y oft Irtlb iidrt *f ills tivir tonSftltncod *t 
Kkjii u Ebc troop eMij&d (Jm>ji*ni Ff^ftil. IVhpo )*s* lh*ri hnlf th.o ditlanoa 
acTM* tne dold, tne, nulck fl^»*f Colon*! U'JH*e* dSn^v«rf a ibtc* **LtndiBg 
comidcrabl^ bn^card crar Tljfht. I ImmedLktvly dlrctV^ Vi}nr (i^vfi ((i 
nwv[ a bn"cr_r to out right Pidittirtrn on tbem. Jioatcn(« advanced ^VrljJil't 
T>*11»tv *inl eBbrEUritly chrcked Ebair moTtmBnlj. 

Bo^itoOul- ITni) T^irhnd llir; eiieiiij'i poiiliori hi* nrlSlleTj.- flr-fl h-w J bH4Da* 
beauy, arequto, and d»(MI«i(w*. *I«iy ofl**r* *m] tu#n liH haj 1 ^* wo^luaadj 



Official Rqwrti ■of the Batik of Marfjv€sfx>ro > - ^L, r i 

wlllt(.hetr infinity i pet *er bws fello™ n«h*d forward wi'.h ih*- uLibml 
deltrnniritlion, And After a brief t'i±t bloody ccioGiel rauLcd both the cppoJiqg 
Una, twit four hundred priionen rmd iprtral Sic/9,, md droif* 1h«r H-Lillery 
ind Lht pretl body of their infnnlTy actum Lbe riv.rr. Many ™*re filled *1 
the- w*tor'* rdjrc. Tbrir BrLillOr/ tuok t^me by ill* far*to*h; in «««idnr; lit* 
rtrtim, A t<W of Mf lain. In in-nir Ardor, Actually cro«ied crtr before they 
could ho i-iey-viiciE'-h], cnc*t of wJiom lubteouenlly Tnorinjj up under Ihe w**t: 
bank recrojKd it a ford three quirtcrr. or * ml Iv ilwve, 

The. *rcortd lime hid bultwl, when tbe 0m *J<li;i*gc4 th* *n*my'* infinurT 
•lid tuL-d di>wn under erdenti but Tflfy iwn lht^JMe»ltt?* In tbn flrit Hnn, Ifan 
fact [hut [it ■rliUar-y tfn llhj i>py4*i« b*nk *M rnen* f*4»l f* LKm ir*aaJ line 
tr.AH the llr»l,*Hil Ihu e^jferBWi Of (hi Iroprt, imfudled (fa™ tar WArd, And ■( 
tK(i i.lii.ihivf rfitiriiMnt, Wh^n |hn ppjuMiag Infantry wu routed, llio two NnH 
hid Enlngted tato mnc — the- Duly practical ineenTcniience. of which *r*i tbil 
At ic-vernl point* the rulii were deeper than i» hIIu-ivhI by a proper Pl'UlArj 
fbrniAtlon. 

A strong Ic-rcrnyT the (flirty Lwyettd OUr titU'WO H^;h>L yut rpraiimod on tho 
MUt- tide of theTflttr, PreMQtJyA Buwlln* at bAt(2o Apfwarid on the ml 
tick directly Djipoiitu <rar Irrap* And opened Ore. while it tho HHt tiny* 
[ire* diams crowed, in front of wut right And Adviiicsd to inn Ml»*V, Wi 
weie compelled to- r«U ewslt- 

Al IWm U Wat Ififenjf y hid w-aa thn Tldjt; e Mijor Gravel mdvjkrvr-c-d the 
■TtHlitTy of Jlift :4ItSp ton Bird optJied" ire. At tbo turno- time CiplAin. KobcrllAn 
[hrfiw fi>iwiihJ L Sempla"i hnSliry tawAidi our ri-jhl, which did exctlipiit !»'■ 
Ttn, Ufl did not Advance bu own IfuHcry {which m Ui m*tu l*k*-n jxMiiion. 
on, ih*i left), lujipniof thit thit pari or Lh* Oetd liid not. beuP. «l<«r«d of tt* 
qotmy'i Infantry, Altb^mgh nii+lnl«n i(\ (t|if, f iiwe T-he o^^rBy had born drL- 
Ttm unm tbn TiT*r, ^ii I ff^rd ll rt* fwtUMtm tbtl th* 'baUnj wu on-l 
bpnu^h'. forwAid. 1 1 would fai\c tVen ■ Tiin contrfC 

It now nr.p*4Fv-J thit tbc grt(»n-d ** Iitd ava vu comnaindpd by ih* «■*« 
tdt'j bAttcri» within cuy mngi on. bilUT ground opon |bc ctbor tide of tbn 
ri¥cr. I k now hdL bow miny f^ni K« bid. Iln bid «ioua;b La iwmp Ihfl 
whol* frfrjEtiiin from thi- ftwnl, (he kft, *Qit the rl(li1. And. lo T«nili-r it wfwllj 
un<*RHtle bjf ««t frrf» pT***Bt«f uptllt^y *&& ijifuntry. Tba IrtPbncrj, *ft« 
j-inw-in^' ibi <:r«-l And deuenriiu^ [bo ilhpc hj-nr«rJ* Lb* Tlvor, w^rM In lomn 
meoiiiTe pT^l«t J «l, ""d iuffrrcd. Icu i-L ihit period df th* s^iln-n linn ihfl irti]- 
Iflry. WnloiL Lhr«o gant, uf»rly All :hu h U T-i* b-jng tiLlnl, mfii nui b»lDg 
too time tn mem to tlnw Ihe-ni off bj h»ml- d:i- *■*- 1'^^ ^ uh.ip- th^ro wm 
but one boy left [Phvmis- Wright, cif Wiishl'i- lii«uTjr,> to liinhwT thi pittt, 
ud hii jlTcnjjlh w» unc^uAL to it. 

The cam mind fell back in jraio di«rJt^ h Inll wLthoul |be Oi^hlfrl tf p»r- 
Mie* of JiATiSc **d fvfii*irti4 liohlnd [toberl^ft'i b*«S|py I h ih* narrow -kSrt 
of llmbfT fron whicb wg oenacj^fd en- tbc iuauIL. Tb* finetviy did rwji. puItadco. 
beyond tbe poiilion in wh':cb be noaLTtJ Hz attack. My tkirmifben q^n- 
tEaucd Co «eupy a jurtof tbc flcbd wur whinh irn ■drinctsd until Lam ArBn]F 



£16 Southern IltBicricsl Society Paper*. 

r*t1f*3 tiOtt MuifcwaboroS The ic-lina liJtfj p^Hnat win hour- and f**nlj 

Dlini.f -. .\' out KtlN illvinced tn the ttlllik H-Vf.'hl f,-.|-:if( ,if hr|:i:(ry w4M 

hurd. faciu Hjurrt-Tiltr, apparently directed if»in.a ihfentmy -0Q ;b.g WclibT.nk 
of the r\var. 

About iwl light Ilrigii|itT.aeinra& Aiidama reported, to mo wiii bLi brl- 
gfclc, llnd remained Ln jhj*IUi>ji *i:?i me ur nil lln army retired. I lock up 
II IMS or buttle fur the night * Unit fll Ttiif «f [Hrfl Held aver wbirh we ndlrinrtd 
to iifl *M*uli, nnd Cijjtiin Kflbertitn *i »J r^MtditpfBtd tbe mEillerj in 
(b* pailiioni iouiciled fa* it 

Vttij at (hu rejwrLi do not di^Hmlmtt: botwren ih* lr*M3 -Of Wt4fr6*diy 
mid Frldty, Tha luEil Ioji in my divipian, eve luck* .of JffWarVt command, 
Ei J r Hli, of ■liii-h, I think, 1,700 necumrd on Friitiv. Tbn lou af ;bg enemy 
OB ifait «l»j- w*i, 1 ttilni, srojtinr ihun &nr Own, tinea ba iulEEred immtnu 
tliHghter oelwern 4114- ridg* ind (bo nwr, 

I Winoi f-urbtu to riniL-u my HdmintLou ftr lire ^nitn^f- and. eoniLanfy of 
|bn t»op, t i,bi.hiiiirij uTtn after it IvuraE apparent tlint the, main a-lj k t cajld 
nnt b* *ft£ani]ili*h«4. fhryOnd tbr general good conduct, a. riurubtr nf rnliiled 
una di*[i]*yo*t a( &\ Kottni peri<n)i of tin acEEcn tbn nnl benne bravery. I 
rejpectfaELy *ii£g.dt lint iulliorily (w given Em lelerl h c*t?pi1d number uf 
[fan my»t dijtinsdubtd in «fh hrlgmlo to- be fee ojnni ended E4 Ebn PrHideht 
for promotion. 

I cannot enumerate all (he bravo iifH^H vvh(f Ml, r»r the (Mug w-lio nobly 
did (heir duty ; yd I may in pcrraLttad (0 lameiii. In CMntmoil u*li h. 1>iy t;rai, 
the premntiiTC death cf H rl LliiliLiP-tli-rji-ril Hamuli, Tho rw*lvfcd a mortal 
»"nJnd nl (he mom mL the enemy bccjin la a\\vti »»j. End**«d ta blifriortdj 
by hih pf Lh-^IjB virtue*, iuJ to hii «.imnii.nd by tbn rigilirue wEth which b4 
ff)*nl¥& 5(* fbtth«*l dfid huafr h h* nM, bj- (JidmivurrtE trtt!m«[»y >rf bid IriSlt- 
Uiy MPCrilAW, 4Q4 41* iht dn*»L oSirtrt Ihkl ad^rclfd lilt Kr^lt* vt lllp ttob- 
Cadcn4< ^1i,l**. Up*h hit tilt lh« MmrmnJ itarulvbl t>H CuEcmcl Tmbu^ 
whs In «jii*thCT ^r^nluiUn h«d 3o»^ *bd fcb-ly ^Bftrnstnirt hnt*L Of lh« regU 
dicbU compo>ln( ifan bit^id*-. 

I '.irni'jt c-loiB without cipm>iiif; try DbLlgiidaaii ta the gentlemen of my 
i<i.nT. Tbii ii no Jonnil ■jckncwleJcnn.C'jit. I did nctrr fai^et lbi.t during 
alLlbc urifirationr Ihey were ever prampt ncidl cheerful bj night »rvd diy Su 
carirylng crdorv, canduetln^ t» ihair f*il(bDdi KflQ-iaD[i- iTtd brLj^idci] Til]y- 
img tronpj oa tbe field, md, indeH, in thn diicbii^e, oJ evnry duty. 

II girei nu plnuure Co nim« .Lricul-flnirtt-Colnriat Burknerr, A. A. Q. t wio 
luibunl 011 leave-., baE nluinnd. apen the Srst Tumor oH battle; Crlone] 
O'hTurpi. Acting AdJutAnt-GeneTN^ Ijieurcr.xnt fJrwk in ridge, AEde'dc'Canip f 
Mrgisi Ornvci, Chinf of Ar.ilSrry (Iwice wcnindtd, iud bit lion* -IipL Under 
biioj; V\p-i-.t H'ilwn. Ae-i'lnnl lnipi-vWiM3fr,eraHn0n1* (bdl) i C*jpMiSri&fia. 
fl», orin*iw* wfflrtT ; Lituwn*nt &i,rt*gh, wtnlf vewdvl, C*i^l^* ir»r- 
tlri mi J -Oknuin, otf nsj rolypnor itiff, wc^r vU^i tnj «ffld?nit, Tb& ftirmar 
h*d bd. hrt^o killed ubfcr bin. 



Official Jf^Jftrft 0/ the Battle of Murfrusbctro\ 317 

Dit, Heuitii fttad riWITtf*!, Cbitf Burgfton »nd Hedicjri Impnlgr, war* 

u»rr- nil Ulng in »i writlorL t* tfi# W0«Bd*d- Df , &l«ltlBp+ &r<rki n ridg*, A*iii4- 

nnl Sue*,™^ »rfniiin*aicd my hf*flqcJn.rtaP F *ed pUTWMt hi* JuLiw fbrUUJjh. 
li* &e« of Wtidiii-MiihT, 1 . Mf_ Itiioknij ieii! S|r_ j?iB!±lng.$r, of KinEiajLj, 
olluhrd t!ac-mj*3TM to eie Bar 111* oc^uli'Q and wart i^tlvti *nil, i*±,loTj*, 

Cap.1n.iii Blic kliini, eomsnin J irig- my escort, q¥*e- conJ and. Tlgitiiot, ni> 
derrd uKmlij mrTlsi?, K«i wain wvem] tald rKCMkObaB™. 

CIiulu ChoulAEd of Lhtp tworl, ac:injj; u my iprdjjHv -on TV*Jn«day, dtl- 
played mut-H galliEitrj and in killt^n^. 

Tbn ifidt TijcLrL-J thtfom da_vbt*ak on (lie moraine; of l"hn -4ch if Janiiir-y, 
My division, moving *n the K»n-rh*it*r Hid, ni tbn mi of ]I*."ii«'j fvr|:i. 
Tin 1 IS'inEEi JScTHunkv, Forty Dm Alabama, and CoW* bilEcry, ill under Eb» 
cammjuid of CuI-lejdL Hunt, formed * iprcial rcu-giurd. Tlfl rn*my did rtnt 
follow lil. 

My **knW*l*J4ltt*nU *t* due (*■ CVJu-ftei' J. S;.^3Jnrd Jd&OdU, Lieutenant- 
Cohwcil RtTtnt, #snd Liiy(0P*ei-Oi?lisnt1 (j»rn« r h i>r Q*n*rnl B-agg'i- iii.fr, nni 
to Major F&ck*.tt r of Li<wi4H!«jM5i;n:ir*L a±raaa't *t*ff, for itrtlcM (fn Friday, 
th* M of January. 

JiTii'L-cLfully, JW-2W obedient icr rant, 

Ju-uy C. BtiHiiLsiiiiKiii, Afa^K". tTmeraJ, 5. S. i 



RppW-t Of CutdMl H. L. ClIfaHHl. 

HCkLRL-AtlTJiJ!!! AuaKs 1 ButUXHE, B ubck ls mWk'b. DlYUIoM i 

bUkDEB'A C0H23, A. T., TULLxflohi i January Ilr4, 1B0E, 
fAf«wf T. O'HaJiA, .J, A, A, <&i 

Srn ; 1 tag li*?* (4 E-uOhrtiE lb* foltawin j ri-port of thfl jwit- dfcijrt ojr tb« 
ThirtoenLh I^-HjLiiiEJi T-oJuntMH In. tl« action of the Slit: 

iV* titm* ported on tbn lEght of Adiiiu' brig.* ie, Ebn rigbt of the regiment 
ruling near tbc river ind Eba Lwo kit campsnict 4iTDrl>ppLn.g 1ic raii-liick. 
Wl sdYnnfcd in lioO. of b*EEla 1111I1I •ki rtuciinl Eba ttuuici dciiTGjfd by Drti 
*l::| ;3i(i |H.-i n i; nl ™li!i.ti ih.« ground »>vtill«l inEo- Ai n>nf.idOribh tiHl, llfs^-bbf 
Sowmyl* iK* 3lri* of ih.« caopi^ ^mJ *h«ru Lb4 ri'Mr <urti*J »# ijaiL4 «brupilj 
to lh.- rl i:lit. ~W+ liero Ji*ls>j In OTdkT Ehnt dl*p4*LLLcri rnl^i to tn*d« Is ptrt 
tli* abEEuln in Iroat of a*, itm Tdgl nisnt fitKl t4 tl» Th I rHiTith— "lid 3S*t*oriEh 
lyvuiaiiai. Ttiinn l**n-» hiving b«zi thEi'W 11 1 ej 1 1> cvlur.^n. TVc ebon idviriiti 
Bp Lh4EdCi"Dh tr*Tinff q^iitt an unoccupied if ■tin L+I'A'li-h 1J1* lijfhl suid Lb.g 
l-lv^r, ^ i«r|iJi|.|>g lh* u!et»Lri pwilior*, 1 diHcrerod thcf-nt-mrraoTtnj Lroopi 
impadLj' dowEi tbn rirpr on hjut rlftj, tn4 p^lnft ibefn nUo In ntntmili in Lh.4 
comllclit on our fi-cmt. Riding to Etui TEiil-luct, 1 u.v, B(A SYmEf ;Wn fiHTjf 
J*rd# Ji*t*nE, m Mai oflnEEla of th* ennmj. using tbn *mb*cii[an*]il u * br(4Ut- 
work trid (o t^nn±l thflin. Trtrrt uwr iroopj, mi the low-ground to oar lnft r 
Tb* line of lilOn otj tbn Tuic-Lntck, u thai line of t>«.Ul4 -4B tbt riTdr baok| 



218 Sotifhtrn Historical Swkty Phptrs. 

w*» il right iDcLca tn our uruainji Urn? , inJ Ui» fMttjr HMtfld M* It* 
until n nn linked. Ite hum u I dlsMViirti ih* vttf/WttrM *f (ha *s*-tftT, 
I r«4» *-t™* %fc» t*iiTT»J ud Infrtnd Gonil A iiu. riiu,kmii,t» 
1*4* I* k^uCb|itUb * iitn*lr rfcihgi ia oar |WMimr*p. X«WT*r, from lh* 
nwrami. «f oar rimtt In tfc* ft** ST tb* tmnTnjr, thtir Brtjllrrjr hid Nojrt ■ 
cwutABi An* upon Hi, wVih th* Art- of 1*1* JtifMHTjr wm marred, f tPiihrrlnj; it 
Lb» mono difficult, In «j!i| 1 1 Iitl lo tba broken n»Li|-ru hi< (lie gmiitul, <■■ rkmta 

DCW d<P|Al|||vB». 

TW irU In* ti rewind in from tb* rl**f o*nk ud dJn<t*J ap^a tta 
Iwtmwf T «*Wf* *** '*■>* ii Jl i w JWI C I u l li J wfcWi liVtjf In w mr. 1 hnnt* 

dii.l#-1y nifrved (is* itrjbtrnl •™H*^ttick bj [fa- Mptt-fliak lomrdi Ibi rirrr h 
bol e&,l lnj; ■ front *• W*3l W *■.&*; I fig St* opch ujwfi iw h t coram* n-j- <L • hnlt h 
■nd rtpL*rii|lri»J to con1**L iJi* fle|d r Ti«5 l%l>t '.if lbs Mji&irnt Jtucl tVrin for 
■ f« inLniUMi bul UQit»r IhxtfmnLnrtd. ir*t gnr* w*j. Tb* in*n tmlanlLy 
Gued tin dirwUim in vh>b |b* wwimt 4» CUB*. Bad tUf cwMl MHH (*k 
W r i «*n eaaMNt la b#U lb* Wi ta II* bMllltM, A* iW* ■■ Ln &aot 

iBM bnrieeftio'J I fril lb* BOCfMkif (if blAtTMt^ OCT p*»ilJ- 'S uni:! 

lb baluc* of EliD toirnoV. *inaJf ULln*, bark, ibHild |nuj ttib ]nwnl at 

»■■! 'I il •■■ «-Ti- r-r- ■ ■■"!," n the r i .; *■ : Bfei ■ I : fi ,-■ I— ■■• > <.'.<!!•: y 

lcat h lri*ro Imd ttf*n a nriuohi fainter force tbin Ibi jhL nf Lh* brlujuir, whtb 
«t<t_v H-lTinlRKQ of pofHton, W'firlnB ill RQlin foinl ud CDfilafjInf It* rigbl 
flan i I rul Im( if pi>n SlvJ^ir A iwiln (■> form *n njr I In* ud h#Ij4 In tti J*frw* 
In * Br" mi mil) ta iliip««*d bb taiuJcqa of ilnpihumi ■ I t^pmuL 
TT* «*» wb h uiW la birt«tLi»* ii# htrjb^tMibd Pb lb* hr^i of lb* ful i«*4 
n*tll tb* jrft f^rii&B rf |b| bHjt-4*, dTi*Mt t««V bj ■ »t*«H <rf Ullltor? «=J 
jnfknlry lr» on 111 front in J niink. liid m^1i«J k paint tw-yaiiil oitr II no. Tha 
fjrrwuDiE wp* niiicli brok'-n ; a i-'titlnuou* linn of bitllt mutd iir>l ha l^rnud os 
Lbp hill,. Hid ibl* *■* go* of lb* Mala naiotic why [brtv *u hbd* tfp«r*Dl 
lirtyqUrlV* ta &H*E£ bKk. 
£ *bMli 44 tt^wtk* tc ih* «Sc*n. aad *■** «f tb* Tbirvmib L*j*M*j*j 

TijJubt-f-rw, Jld | £xil *L*W I hit tLij J.kf.lii^ tb» tnl ^(i*]ititl raf B^Uiaff, ]t 

b di'fll< jlc fur iri>jfd lii ititid llrjii »^.im- phr«L imIJi, undtr a bm*JF flr* frwi 
|bn front itul tui (lie flirjk. TliLi wu jm( -unlj* 1 4i>ri* far *ghi# nilhittiv, bu{L tt 
[fan ouljpt inil ur.tLL the full titrca at th.e *n*ni-j vru dtT'jtn[+l nn nur jL(-rit 
Auk. IV* droTa DwFk fail Nabob oar froal, rbirfln; btycnJ tb* f#iwi in ta> 
Oatnf'14 Mrf n*csD( tb* cotor* «f Hit C- Bfo&triEr iquhil. vbbh bid 
p HT IIW>J 4fHBbg*i lbs i»r«f hi Ail pnilb* iwl vboR d*wl murfctJ 
pliinl; iU lift* rftmllJe. f Bnid lb* wiari tbil jtta nuj relurn lJi»m »o lh*. 
cillinl hrpihn*hi( k %br>K br»v^ il«mJ ip^-l* Lli -ri 1 1 ■-^ t , 

Mnjvr tli*rlm Oui I InM^Ll Hit IJ*g^rnn(.t"i.|nh*l» rmumpnJIiijj il-« riijlit, 
»Jltribm*J nsu*h 1^ «I,«hIj Hi" a*put«il Un-H k n-f &d«iiMin*iu|. 

] hi lM*bM *JiJ*ny v, C*|i(ubi X- 0. Tr**)f. **1inf Majof. ud In 'bmrfm 
of lb* Wfl mlBf. for tb* HmJIiihm «ilb ahlfh h bw*wJ bfnH «*d fct it* 
bubiwt krhiTinT bb nrUriBEj. 

Tfaii oB*-t hn been m^nt-urwl In itfcj wwyti if Ypi-U-m ImiHm ih whL*ni 
tbn Tr^lmiTH hbi been *fi(i|tnd^JiliJSoli, ^urmtatfU""'. P*prj*lllt— ud burins 



Qgkial fitpttrta cf tfc Bal&t of Murfrauboro: Hfr 



k>i kU h* la iM* m4*mi I wd* wf*tf*J>yii»TnlH» u t^&rctfcU 

**JBlM#vrtto*j rf Mtf* HHfttC 4A6H1 

To C»pl»l** K Inx , Suhi^i, i-ftj Una. tfct* jft*Sh *f bjivlngbrrnt Lbr-m ±ia^ 
MrliiB »iili i(f**i rfflcifarr tnd ehitIcmi couric* it raiKH-|*L|jr iu*v 

^ilj jEili Hugh II. Brin icced mjlb bsrcnilng m?lh**« *hd aflticmej-, ud la 
die rahir-betrrr, H*rp*"«- ftvp>r Tuoremr*, »pj H*r|TBAB{.HiJor j«bh f*fr- 
Tilt, pr*r*L rnrtill It dut Pdt littr Jltrfcjprd *f euhomI dinj't fclid toldlwlj 
con-duel. 

liVw i! ini'.l 1.1 ih* mrrfwi KTtUliv »nd w*r» rut isngtr, «r>tii*t d»T, 
Utidif Llm (eftalrj flr* «f tiia tnejnj. Lku1«mnH HeptMiril *n4 Smith mra 
1l IU«| Ed IhU itUon.— thtij vek hr»™ inJ dv-utr-l *u1d.|*Ti . 

A t*fii*iw» to tint I Ml */taju*lli«* wpM iJi«w lb" h***J Lmtiuitilncd ■□ tall 

KlkiB. 

I ban Ilia twain Ed remain, fvmt *kr*d.t*ii* miial, 

EL 1*. diBMP, O l iml 



fi>p*rt rf (Vk**l Gltne* «f Op*-r»ll«« *l J. Jim 1 Brlnd*. 

|lll.lX|Vl>lti.h* AfiAM* 1 Bttoilfrr., fiVCCKINIllrilE'l DlVI>L1>^, 

Hamiee'i l'OBrTl r 
N JJaft TvEM, boh a , T in N, h Jtrfliui^ «(*, tW8, 
OWdnjf T. i:r![m* h .'f, X, rj, - 

rim: On Friday, JiMlKJ M> »W|* in pommarul u>r Ad^M^ , bfl**4*. I ™ 
qnhnd ftmrfl iN <«4«r brtL* nn Iba l*A, wIhm I *m r«-n«rMri|f tfi Brijadiar. 
(l«Tiiril Pi*»lfll» t rtaaOBMMxtef 4j»tabn flf l« b»ljf*i*i, In. hppK I" MlJiP- 
4Vfl*nl HrMMiirldfT, *Uf43*bJ£fl WBHurultr , Ml U» right irf 9w»* «T«- 
] m p3a**4 IM ■•vkpMI fcy JWlSMlf, about mi* pmiuttai and Stljf J»J^li I* •*■ 
r*>r uf HiiiEviirt-CuAnt K*c*mi'i br,*>]#, u apsraortlft* Ilh* Lft it* thorp 
to b* m-wl* 

In ^h iJ i m rp to *f4vn bra finml BrrtUurUf*. f pasted & mhth, mf 
itiHii. of Ik* ThLrlT-PwnJ AU», Otatl K* K ImUJ, ud ■ t*U*M.>n «f 
I^MiMLtni itiqiiirrliff H*4*f Awtlfj, «»4*r lb* w i n d of Col :m*l Mc- 
Klr.Hr j. In tfai pwlllM «CM>pM fcy tb* **C**4 H«* «k«B ftmwd nwrifiq-lL*. 

T'Jinii j ii |UB.iltiitii h«4 ItTltLr twn-fi *5lt»il «TI>> II I hf- £#iiirr*L i:|vihn b^jfia, 

■nd t irii'iiallktrl.y aiAKd fDinri m_v Lin^ romiplknj ft ttrf IWlttAnih. Laa- 
Iflnh,^ h-uIi*...| J J iLwl reyjiuKnl, Mijcn Quill**., and 111* Nliltwnih l^mililiiiieon- 

,. |„|„|..| r-L'HI!. I.I, M ij.-r K .. :-.|.7.-. Tlir- mii-.-i >; I •!« In- Ur,:n\ri ri- .-mJ 

Hum k 11 vnrj nwll pro**rveU HMJ3 ill* thl trHfiil* HiTiftfilly enjiRwl will 
Lht fiMPrnjr, *r»ft 1 At arw* h.ltfnl lIio m'niiik I in-: mil tirdnmtl Ibidllnn md 
Iti«ti to Hfl Hlmwn, h> u 4o cot*t Lh*m fj<mi 111* inrmy'i tM[E*flH t >flH44 In 
v* win dnwiBf. IV* drov* in. liii ihlnntih^r* fr-nn ill" Mji^wkca *JitV tiui 
tIt*t. ] Ibxa rod* IWnrd to tin B nt IM i»i tb> «4<Mi art |k* rl/fai ta am- 
■jaJL vim 0*JMnl UiA*M U to It* i^nkdUr *d*M>l «k«ii lb* HCtwd Um 



220 SomAan Hbtorieel Soewty Poperi. 

■h^UowtolhBppHt- [ M *ut*1f HhM fclta wb*v fa* m ABC*, 
aatd, I i h ii »■!. w> aetiomJj wawM H W dJUafcL Mtt, fa.m u-mftwiiag. wii 

M I drWrteLtad BDt LVBgag* I fa* *f-iV.Bj lift*. UBHl lb*j (tit £»■■"* W1JT. 

Ofw*I»1 H*ut«n tmd bird]y (all™, ati»frr*r, vTirn all hla* b*f>tj [* jtrldj 
Hi aftitf a fiar RXiRtbU m»liy of fall nun viph falllnf, la li< n*.r. I uw 
Ilial lh*]f n**dtj tuji[wiH, grid fi'inff b*fh to Hit- "■■■■rut IIdp, imlanlly &rd*ri>d 
|fai rlijbi r*g Lmunt. (TIHfi&i nib LnuMin* nluntiMff, Major GnJLItl,: to hutd 
by 111" rlrjbt flank, En -.Mjr k. i»nkl lbo rlrgr, townrui whfcb wn were mnreb.- 
lojf, mit I h in lo auvuc* In ILn* at b*Ul» (ftwifii cSe WiMdt ; ini bating 1117 
n>ar**d!iiLil«J by a round Ln ridtag bftrk, I dlipittfaw] Capliin Lipuwcnfa to 
jd»* lh= ism* iKril*r to 3f*jr>r Z«c(iiitE», rnmniiiBillnj Ilia Sirtwntb Lm- 
H*n* "alMFHwn, already nsJ&r lb* fatah, I n»wi Supldfj hrmrd il* 
rl(F,l r«^Lni*c,[ *r.,L i.>in dMip^igrd 1b* «nmjr, urvd'p bmtj drt. I |ir*wq±irtd 
UMl la* ftvtewtb via DurUf bb4«? lb* H**f e**b «* *« bft, Ea Iffioidui 
«1lb Ibitfatiil faf Ca^taLa, LlpMMk. 

TW WMdt *n full of m#(* *ap*r#ajiy i*- (">« wof rit tt, H"*aj rf 
!■»■* rW*M<a «B h Mb*, a*dj wt ri*i»r*4, &lilAt *» ma; Wurt at 
b«p«J » r»*lii-, ca tbi fmribij* Md* rf a-blr* "-** • J^**** I s *** ***»■ win* 
*" illrd iaiiL inrti "briAta from Ifanr BHBnanJ*, vfao vera ifarftcrtd froai 
tb* rr»my. but f LM-b im ]fa*5f <^h ftjMrti , Lbil lb** 6ntt1d art*itoj.lipli Dnlhim; 
*r*Iii*L him. I ftirnsnd ;b* (L^blinr; linn 41(1 [!■■ f*ir *W»-*f }Ji* M,w|fi*, oa ld4 
Ltiwit >|d« cf (he 4Tt»1, Jiod by a **M-i3Srfr1p| mtky |Hiuiredi LnLa Lbs idv*.!!- 
dnf HfiM ^T ilit- rnrrDV, brolr*) indl il liJK^my] It, Wbf-n lbil UnL cinn-p«ttlLn* 
fiivi' *rj^ (linr* mi 1 iDO-rTMin l*r_v in II — a ■ 1 lh | rri 1 > I < :< 1 1 i>f flrc^— tnd w» pn|iind 
1^ fb*P(i ] hilt, u if 3d tfcn tnlnl.]ii tit »fi ajp*, innihor linn of tha cn-nny, 
HlMitdlnc f«r tajrond. Kir r3glit r uminifJ lb* toil politico. Th.ii ru dti- 
piPM«l. 

tYrMn Lly * (mmnbtr of ii,5rmtih*ri mfrfrtnA voi cnir rlfbl, and wa wtrm 
AM «poB from tL« lift f 9b ilii opfKHJia iM* *f lb ftf*r. Tfa* own in Hi* 
rmKlu Wvbi im thm r**r t^irf Ibfw lr»», l«<4 i*«» -tlnri sllWtj 14 *bcn 4 
u4 f*u* Kakk lb*T "Jtf**HJ to aaJfar. 1%*!* «M f TpibUll ttttraibliiAft 
h«i A* iin n ifi ««flit«±4dj it* ii n il. Mpk. Mri i if Ha* <**• «* «r 
Aw, abkk focppd ol [ aW**l I* at amt •«! ^r^ k*A *>«* ■*?. &**g 
UiTtMf b lb* ip'i 4tM aa lb* riful iff hi b la* rear. 1 mattA ttt ear *.f iraaEHI 
It-A aM «*w Lb* immy m :d hnwj ILimh an, 1li* '.'ji[''.n ,to banls, iad ilfT*dy 
fa^lniilaf te mw. I m* at ob*» l.h»t w* woul4 t* f LTel^pfd ac tba rigbl 
and l*r|_ I iird«-<s3 my n^msiarvd to fill tmrk. It wi» a nuttar of doubl 
UrbplfaiT iblt tuald be icmmplbhrd. fuocwtfullj. Scafrntl/ ■■># «ni ismli 
fa|«r lha ii|*srv Hull w toff rlgbt «Tid rtar wlllmdl t^lflM illdL &&m t lltbtr b# 
Hi lh-fWm:ry 01 h^ (b* bttthTlft «f tb» anrmj, I (hnnW ohforra, tbjl; franj 
(lia mi'hirnit wa ifpTuicl-iud iLe- ^t^vaLfdj aE r-. -n n-;! n+ar lh,a rErar, Iba batttriij 
4f 1}i» tfttftijr, putfad on Ibc »ji pulla ilitn, puur«d LnLn mar ranti wilbnaEioUf- 
nlMlAft, 

AJ -nun al hi wai Awirta from tba hlgb ptfvitBjd "H tbLi ibd* bLi h*fUf Lm 
plaj*d 404* iL Ult baUnio* and batutffj <uo**n, tntad gb iwtj jpot tnta 



fifL-iai Reports of tk* Battle of X*r/rt*frn\ 421 



wfckl* lb* *« iri-rm. Il **» t°* tlu rwM Itol •*** » ikifpcM&rtrf 

(lit<;r fc^ulM, ud bartaf *=e the ^omlwrn, « »■+■ (-e<*J to ibfln&n it 
A*4 lit Hcmikb, W*, ft* lit *3U«jnlin»rjr l-*i ** MHtiinvd, indfar U» i*C* 
tfcal E,«rly all euf nwLeJid u>d killed wrfr Irrfl cm lb* B'U , ITudpr m t own 
cWtFiCiun MfMil p*rt3e»b™niiE -Off *vundco win-itn4J«*t ■* ■"■a « tkoy 
tnhttd l*e «f*« ihU - Mma J< l**rifiWp *■* lh! ** !"•' * ,wa " ^iln^, , ™* 
klllri M *«md*d tnlhi»»n»lr- <J^. nf Iwrnly-rin^ fitfli.-i.-n who wcdI in» 
tk? Jlftki,. fmjrt*en w*r+ T*nlind«il K *nd moat nf lli«ik **vai*lj\ ind M tbn *-v*ot 
jpny pnntn t I fc«r, mWddij. Thii in En tonThlTt^iiLlt LrfiuMiTii V(jlupti*™i 
Kfl^r IHiatL** (fullM, '>f whwa cartdticL I cw until ijtftli In UtHH (ao tal$h. 
ITii rwf Inn-nL tal«V*4 UiToagluMri tiki ItfMMii CiptiHn ItynPi, Llp*«[iilj. 
FLbjt. Blii.hp. utwl M-Klfiil. ud Lieut L-5*jf 4l*pS*jird dt->Lagt|bb«l itc*dj- 
*■■ *a4 *rtf ■**■ Tfcw lou of Iku ntgLrnFRt wi», In l«u •Wi WJoni, luting 
Wfk u^*(W tmH Don Ikui iA fctifl*, i»J »l»»t»rt elSWf» *Bd thrt* fcahf Md 

ud lkl^-1«d BUB k[H«d. Mi Mlli, HW BfallBf -Htl»( M ■«>? ■* «*» 

ItibpttL 
H<-f Ztrhrwl pttHtom tuUd kEB t»4rfM 4> ik* ■kirtibbn of tk 

ml j uJ la kold triH In «i*k ttt fhml rf «.f fc*tt*ri™ h* ****■ Him. AftK* 

Uttribg tin mvfi- iMm In of oar crwti fc*Lt#rlHt, Ufvtlttf wElfc IkftLrflb* 

■?finr Jwt ofr**p», tod tbn imnvJqiiW fl*»*l'ifmv-'ftS ft JnlkntrJ Eh h«**y 
feh*"ilu«|[ ilw apprtfu Wil below bliiv, fifftf rtbid »ny *rd*n of nEar It™ 
n^hlnc him cr fal4 Joining iul He nHi*ft4 up Ibi riVof, p«rMi*d bikI jp1a*d 
lilt iwtti, I WMfntled Ike wlael* «»mmd un thU Mm *r»d kgU 4tI» p«l- 
Uun uhlfl uil-P b*lt^i"^ w*J iwmtftd *T*d »» nintml, In ofctdkaiici t* oritr*j flQ 
th-t r5|(h.L of bfl^iar^3«DiirmL Prttlifli 1 * brifim. 

Very iMjrtvtfullj, juur »lj*Uftil mrvuht, 

It. L UlluniM, OjJoiwJ CbmuM**^, 



SoutKem EtHmcal &xirty Paptrt. 



Irtltr ft™ PrwW™i DtTh— bfl/ Mi Ur. Hntrr. 
[TV* pul'li'lr 1li* Mln^iDi; letter*-, u *i Iiitp dom* llii i^rsrl^ut ptpen <ra 

(''■>■ U. I ji ■ I. mill -.11 i'.-:i:i:-.- i.l -if !■-. r ■-*"■ . > V ■ . ■ I" Hj lli.ll ! I. -■■!■•> I' i T . 

»:< I Ini.il, ».i !i.-|- I!... &Ul\t\f> i< I I |-' nil -« "i * « II r.ir» . ,ir.t.<i;L U t'nH 

Ifal HDlKWir, »l JflUL In OUT p»g«f J 

Mi9ft[«*[PM Oiw, jtfrtPrt 3?(A, lim 
JSVth J, W. Joxna, D, D., 

£kcr<tat\f <tf Souther* Jtittorfaii Sneittif : 

DUI Sli:: In the Pewmber number nf your magM-lTJO ^«8 

published an article bjp lion. EL M. T. Nuttier-, purporiEhjr to b* a 

reply U» mj *o*w*r to hi* prerioai irlkle published lb i North- 

♦rti p*p*f *ad raprtd tbtO your teagntrEna. In the beginning of 
hi* mcow! snide Mr. E tinier nm Ifaal "no olntt wu 
iplrndrd " by the (Lml MIC. Hi* Hgb| to deviate whai wan bsi 

Inltdtion i* admitted, Whether Ui<" MMtumpiinn llihi my action. 
Itt ncfidlbfl KHiJtnin^iOQci* an pown H" Mr. Lincoln fl*vt aminrance 
thai tbey would b* received w»n to 1m jtwrlbMl, not Lo tbu arowed 
de*irw far frltte between itio two rouoLric, Jmi t m* presented by 
Mr. 1 1 hhNT. to tbu nc-antly n:(!Og-hin'<[ tluhtfiM- Iruni publsi; diHtial* 
iefnr-rhm with ibu Qdrtrftdtttitl BjhxmhItc, nh lo ba con«ln«d mt 
"oiTuiinIt*," or alJi*rwifle r «atb iiftih will deddn lor b i m m* I f , accord- 
top lo hi* nandn-rd of pe-rwivtil aid nftMal Iinnor, 

I will not (incumber your pagaa by following the viirbose and 
roc t radii; tary artkle tbroogh ite windiojpi, but villi hare Mr- 
Hon Err. wbo WU ml ana Lime Secretary ul .State, pad ■u.rWqq fatly 
a 9#ualor in tbe Confederacy, Ia enjoy the »b*tl«# i be aoeka under 
M fajtiorafiee ol Lbc iJd™»e# and w nmn 01 lie Pmadnt of 
lb* Coafbdwrmte Slatea- 

Tb^T* »rr , bo^-BTer, ftw Tirginiin* ol thil Urn? who car bo bo 
HH|« Infbrmtd u Dot lo Lnew Ibtl lb« rKr*utJvi dtpuriMtin gf 
the Confederate 6o»eroment, vilb Ibi* uew Mirj Imok' bih! papcra, 
»w reiriuvod froBa REf liiriond m D^nvlUr, Virfjihk, wLcin ilivarmj 
wbioli coTt*rwl the cwpilal vaa coirv|i«lled to rutnuti and that at 
lUnvlllfi [be PrtiftidLlil issued on iddniM to arouna the |R-iipU: lo 
tho duftiTiM of Lbo soil of the Stite. Yel t tmportlnjf; bit phras*- 
ol^y Iriim h^ond tbu cOunTry of the PrtmLJottt end bit Hend^ 
Mr H unbar denoDiuBt44 that removal "a flifbt," and 4UUa iL io 



fiepfy 0/ JV**«totf Dam to Mr. HmUr. 228 

dq history of hi* flight from KichmDnd tv ibo wo*!) io 04A^in r 
v.-]ltl- ]h- v.jlm :;jL[ininMt h Iulvc [ n^b it Htaled that liia bead waa 
ante turned towards tlie enemy," frc. 

Pcrhnn? (he wareh After SOrne uew climni into- which Lo rould 
" CVr/tNt'Mika plunge the most prised of his countrj-'s pourt*- 
moos— i. o. f hintae-ll— prevented Mr. HmUer [Wulruriain^that tha 
President vtjlh it Danville exerting himself lor the common de- 
fence, and thai there recre g^jn in ttfe mnl*3 fd Lec h i* ar-niv which 
a pnlriul rAighi hi.** litLfrd more uaoEully than in placing a trtrt- 
cat j' of '"CUirliua" by h-topir-n far frvn* the lidd, where the defen- 
derail his Stale were gallnntly (M>ntandi<i£ a^airmt its invad-er*. 

I will not further consider hia sophomoric twaddle jibnul Cur- 
Hub and the murder of the innOWmtaj or hia lame effort to show 
that he meant only — that the phrase, ,H lbo lvr-0 countries,"* embar- 
rassed Iho commiBsioncn* in their ptogrtss lo Hampton J lends. 
Indi-L^l, 1 Hhould not have deemed thai liis article reqaimd my 
notice, but ibr Iho untountU'd infdnuatinHi that a confidential inter- 
view v.-tiinih h^ had held wiih. me had leen rcpfcrLcd i* my ^idit, 
and, by them u*ed io hia injury. 

Premising that 1 have no reviullpetioii oi aui^h an interview as 
ho describe!', I musi es press my turpriHC that »ny one « h <;s i.a 5 d , 
after Xbv ippjfl of thirteen yeans lw * b >& lo ttj^rt /sifly a WDTcr- 
fciition of whieh, when it tnded, he never cxpeeled to hear again. 
I do. howe*er>rcnnonraner a vlflit mado to mo in ili^exaautive Quite, 
kiiiih: time alter the Hampton Rundii conference, by &cnaloni Hu ti- 
ler,, (Jrnham, uml Orr, to. induce me io oSttt to no|((iiJate on the 
b^ia o( ah;LDdoning o^r independence] and that I idoscd Lhe erin- 
YG-rsatiore hy asking them to uend m* n resolution of the Senate, 
p.nd promising to maku a j^iw^t reply. 1 awemhkd thv CnhineL 
aa soon an ih» Senators left me, and madci » atatemen-t to them uf 
tbt iihtei-piew, which I -w-pnld not have permitted to he held C*ra» 
fldeiUially. J then went to the h&inw frf Senator Hat&wall, who 
was Ell p atatid the m inter to hha n and asked him to joe that the 
resolution cxpwlisd should b« so un^quivftml thjit my is^uo with 
the tabal ahoaio; be di?(in<;(.ly underaLood by tlopcopk. Then, 
lor the firyt |im,ir L , my iallh in Jlr. Jlunter wm impaired; aod e<>n- 
fidenc* iaa nlant wnich vrill not bear "lopping," 

That ins should haw thought I dtalraated while jet conaxtin^ 
in him, muat find ita solution oleowhera than in my eanducc Far- 



baps hi« ^HR|vl«iQn. originated in the eamc source from which came 
lbs unfriendly and mjariona U>m± which it appear Tram hid own 
btalbottbl ht employed secretly against mo. 

1L fa true that I believed hi* Mtihlnt&f diminished by b3s timid- 
ity; bat femora having the advantage of Imb philosophy, aa 
ennonadcd. in the. article mur nndsr notice, ] had ecncludcd Ic 
lake him 4^ <- i:-i3 [uui.Il' him, esteeming him for biagoad qualities, 
despite hiadefcc tej and now regret lb at these last have proved 
greater It an wiuj Mipnofled. 

I bare waited for answers to enquiries About the only point in 
Mt. Hunter - *- nriick l* which £ M&ponno nu eosftaidcred ebhga- 
loi-y, and this, has delayed my communication lo the present- dale 
Of ibo aid* ^ho w*i>* then iLf^r i<j mes, ob« ia ftbrQnd. j tbg answer* 
■of tha other Lbree Are annexed, and they require no explanation. 

The characters &f lb we gviitluntcg would reader tahu ifaan 
Hselefl* a defence against the absurd sntpieion thai tbey were 
employed in ha-clt hi t i rap gossip abdal a visitor t* lh* bouse of their 
chief. 

I remai n yours, lespeelfnlly, 

jEFFBFtBfl-N Daves. 



LlXr.M4T4H, Vj^ h 15M January, ISTft. 
lit DKaTI FRIISD: 

I mtiv*d lul w**l: youf loiter ft fhe «?ii trwlMl, Ami sbawtd i? to Colonel 
Jdhniirmj who laid trm h* w*«id write t& yw <in Lho mej+ct or four coqiiiry 
without (JhUv , 

To (it bt*L ef mjr recolbKtlon *n'l Vrtk-f", I Bor*r h«rd, htfw* Iht rrcvipi 

(it vour tcttrr af ilio Jrb Ln*t*ci[, of Mr. Iluorc-r't kr:tiri,-.iw wiili tth.iii. In tTit 
intend! of f**c*, referred lo in Itiv letter puliiiih-c-d river bsi ii^Ti&Lu rd In 111* 
iJertrnfeiT number oflho Kwttsnp Jfifivrmit Sotitty Faprrt, whieb I Livd juil 
r&fcd ffTCbo Iftl timer not de I Ttmmlwr L" hit* dTeT bunrd a word from 
JW th.»L ^auld t» r«p**ta4 I* nil if lipiTajr.flEnoqt, 

I do nmcmttf, liowcv-fT, that you wcr* not En Id* lubll of talking Lu roe 
■.two! public TDkttan oul of th<i line of my dutiei, nnJ wiEb whith ] JisJ no 
ipn-.ial conctm. 

U'i !: -n iiiv :!::;-.:,> !"r v,:ir kit: ! w:-.l:i ■. :i-.if With iflljr i-i-rv ■ x : ■ >■!<• I r:iy.-r,, 

for fhfl h*.ppln«f of yonwolf »n^ bv4i#rwl4, I mbsiSs hlthfullf , 
Your fritnJ mat htTidI, 

G. W- C Lie. 

Bon. JiJFiaaos 1?ATE5, MUfiuippi City, Hw, 



RqAy sf Pruidait Dad* to J/r, Ifunkr. 235 

Jfw*. Jrrrctw* Dathj 

Xi l>krb KJBi Tirar JrtLw bal brffi [wtItos etWfif P»J lUaHi™ to» 
fUlnrffil »f ill* W*". B- M. T. .hWltkw. nudr- H* ""« *M**p*i* flWsrioaE 
Swiejy f%jP*r* for U««nlKF, 167T h pgw *» 

Sir. 1itinl*r, P"flr dDtiflhfc* WftliliHiUpil o*ftr*HHJDfi "id 14 I**** !*«» 
triliLMLh y^ti, ii^»: '"After « Jop*raL«1 t if*T?*ljf •fcr«l** Wl'etrmopfl 
ftgm 11i1i ronvarulinri j Tmtioon, ptrhirn th.0 nail J*Jr H ft.ir, 1 imtrdilau 
truKftl til «*r H!cfamsnd ibu I biJ l*f& llwrwu^hljf ««iqii"ri r bid nA- 
nlLhO. unit *« flpi]m«ip 4o mat* pelt* -an irtw tefmf , wit* biw.tiw vfliti dif- 
fMr*fto|r. mn»rit. AnMngiL <rili«n, Ifaf PWiU'nll *ldU w*r# iftiJ to ba 
tt-r\y 4 lh-<H Jn B pt*M »i*lm. Hw>» dW UH* ftf b*U •' I*»» f *° ■ T ' ' 

At ihri Hpbp> J«l# nUi, « duty »[ Kkluwi. •»** (MpmmU Wood, Labfert, 
u>J rn r «ir. I cu «»lj J|«li SK ■**■»*£ [1 b w*7 JMnat, «JH+ ifctrtMft 

^ ^fc.irtil»IiwhBJail Mr MwHTbit^taarw 
rjU> fH m tb»l 4"JiLl*d by bra. 
t 4- rwwwfcw ifail i+*t*t that iim*- tint 1* I* "jr. *«rljr to |M4— • friend, 1 

lij,. hhi »£. JWTi *kQTcb, ud lihsd iJmotli th* t*|ip**««u wbfoni Mr. Men- 
tor *m|ikiji. Hw futfier lEiltxt, !o Snjf C"*L »iLTfprl«*, t-li»l- Lh*ra wn ■ c*b*l to 
\\W rfciwpi !> pBf^rifdlo M r, 6*"hi * Bi I 1 "' *'■ " |M|1 * T * L l •''* **** * f *** ^^ 

■■■■■ . . *. 

It win m J wr prii* iwh1*r, lmp™»*d thlt iIJhUI m*. fl»r 1 wuripwod *.Ti*t jout 

r*.lnl»t,* wLtk Mr. IkfiWT wow of lh» tfiW< <*iQidmllw.1 tkmsw»H 

I -n^N furtJur iUW. lh*l I d» nol WI»t» 1l t«MLMa for jm W h*T» 

i«**»ln| "5 Bo»»*[w*llffli «ml(hnll4l Jn I Up ch»r*tt*J- Ttw w»«Mp] I* 

BOfw^<T Imprcb-blt la m*j upKll- I *■■ ti^ HtLi^ ipip* T*tp; I nwl tw 

MHfallw M !b- *•«. 1 nwfa Irw^-"^ w+t* ]f» »• fc#wi*bPKii 5 ■«■ ■*" 

rt«ih*ri^MVP^rr T**f *M««»taO «• IH*^J "* ii ™ lhr ' te * 

cwwwBlly w*B*i op"" IBVll^f «b» •**• A* W"" 1^* lfflir t «» J«t 

rU«f .-* fep rtUi.tk* Ti«r Vrtifetw* *IA J^Pffi* rdrtwi » fw*^. SI* 

I tint kliPiPi, ujb13] liir odn*wt*p4«w» »l i ^r4 f »*« »J i*t*p<. lb* tludrat 

TwIilfDiil nM bctnwwi M»v BimtHr*i»a ymitwtlf. 1 JlrWW Uul bi p™ fr* 

^UWiilj c«ih!Ip4 if you, in* ttb! rte*M3nd. *J lh t^'f*" iH™i *Kh you. I 

hiH »l*i^i h**rd jrou iprili rf Mm V5rj[tlj . ■ evwn iff^iimnwly , U ti tnrrt- 

(browlLh «f r*p. Ibil 1 Jrtm tTrnl * dSH»r*int iL*i,r> *( fwlLrvjf Pftktk 

T'?"]' iLin*roIjr vour", 

Wh. I'nHfivK Jji1IN»"is, 



22b Souihfflt Hutiritat JSoetety lepers. 

GdtYMTOT^ SfartA t\tt, 1ST!. 
flee. J. WlLLIaM tMtXt, 

Set. 5. H. tfestiiy, .flwnTKmrf, Va..- 

UlAR &1R: I b*T$ quit* r«*Tit]y«*fi in th* S;»(.|fni fjfwten"™; Sw^tf 
FuptTfy tw liwemb+r I ait, a ceraofiorjIfrnLk'n- from Hi* Itar., it, M, T. Hunter, 
«f Virginia, purporting lolw i Tfjalndor (■> * letter Of iJle Hon. Jtflfnou 
Xfcftris, ipp*4TJD|i ic tbn Novcnihcr riiaoiher cf th* ^WAra 1 ?* UiiUricnt Society 
Papert r in, reply to a former camrannieallon of Mr. lluf,(or on 111* wtj+rt-Of 
tbi ■ ■ Fticn Coirjnnp*ia<n'" ccdfcreocc it IlaiDntari Rojntj. 

The paper of Mr, DnvLi I brtve net lecn, but 1 deair-e to advert brtofly (o 
■nana of the rlateme ill* contained in Sir. Hunter 1 ! rejoinder, which I brlio*t< 
hit cflkinl reintivni. to iPrtliiieni Uavij.ru a member -of bii ■ tiff., eel rmly -r-n ll- 
Ita tut qijuJifv nit to intelligently consider. 

AfWr wlalifig Ebftlhalud aB lut#jvi«w irilli trie FrejIdeDt, skartly rjfc*t- 
quentljf 10 [bo CrUrhrMHt, n.MJKrtl.lh^ tin Urgent nenMsily of hue eSotEi to 
prCCU« tOT*n* of if e™trciod«ti<Hr! from thn GDejiyf , ^r. Hunter proceed! to i^ 
(jmgcSiBJr 

Ji Afl*r Wfl lepAMteJ. 1 X*K*ly **p«leit to hear mors from tbn conTerio- 
:iini| WC *WH1, p+*b»jn (bo rvo*l daf JiftOr, i heard 5l war bniitod all avar 
Fkliiii*ftd that I run 1 twi thopaujbljf MHiitiartd, hwUubmiited, and iu dii- 
jwwedi to malfe- rn-u* on any Imraot, wSeb JP*Hf fltrMr- iiipara^inpT iflroirai. 
JmottoiratAepi tht Prttidtnt'i aid* *tvt *ftW to it/rafy tfwcuarfpy M«e fl-ad- 
far*. How did. thtj get hold, of them r It Li tffla lint* **1 no pt»lt.i *t pledg* 
«r lecfrrcjr iD lh<*$ WQi'i'mllPDi, hut from tbeir naluro aiid ctre:j:o*L±ii.i>Gf 
dlieLujed, their eaiirLnfnii*] ehantotOr w*t to have hc-en implied and one/lit to 
lave been rupeeled. ' ' 

At the tLicc of Hie nJlejad tii1t*i l ltw Mid Hbt^B^at^- unlil bii ciptuTu, I 
hadtlicTionor of being- one at tbc " PrMidgat 1 ! aid*," sad *1* moal inLiraitelj 
nnd rnrilinllf auociriled wLtb b-int and thr. KTii±linti|j; roo-ii Imd "i VA* otnein! 
fiinilT ; and I beg [o anj', LhiL he never ijiolea w-oni to- Pic On tb.0 lhtnL-0 Kjg- 
gwttd by Mr, IJdnttf i nOr did I ever farir a wonj |j>*ifn bjf otW of bh 
"aid*" linnJvlnj^ irjjp J Uj>4T*gomcn! rf Mr. Iluoter, or in^lcaihg tkir inv 
tacti bid two jjott«n "hnJrf. fjf" hr^iWlinc; tbc allegHl or any oilier )*t»nr}** 
.■!:', Mr J: •.-,■■ 

It it alinoiS tncrcdlbla to mo Lbat any ci»? nt *l I acquiinUd iri:h EbcchaTiulcT 
of Mr. Davii cmjld indulge, a nurildMij h^wtver faint, that he- njuld biTC \kcd 
$*.yt,y>U> at ho(fayln^ s T M*t Or of brcnkioji faith.- Of alL sun bn u -,1io tut to 
whioat i^fb lm|iijt*!iiiTi MmJiJ itUcb. 

It ii WjS*]Sjf boyBn J belief thnl bn coul J have- tolerated, much |#» in T pir«i 
in bli ilafl, any a*«utc H]m}i (he rnotJT-n or charaeter cf Mi. HiinUu-. 

The Confcderno Pratlioivt Wit iuanearurib^r jupeikr te iny ■ mth ibin^. 
"Whether Mr. Hunttr 1 * (jrwl »l((ittude for ' p »«OnlnHMialLcn" btcanic tiiown 
H> ibe puttie-, I konw net— It li not hi. all linLillflj 1 ihaL the vinwi of so dii1:rj- 
£ulthed a genlleman wen dLrlned by bu cocnri&f r* arid Mj^riatat in Cf ngrit*. 



JJtp/y of -FV-rfiVtaref Jiavis ft? Mr. Hunter. 2S7 

It may Ik Lhit Itic couth ctiirood by Mr. II .inter to liare been RjdTLArd. i)^ 
Ltd,, wiyuW bave b«a Che hikt. Indeed, in Ifac light of [be ]i?r*tnl, Et migbt 
liilre iw*n ™w hal lo hava fought il nl3 r nut to Hito surrendered *t Idricolci'i 
call far IfijAflO men I 

But whatevcT men. may thinfe of that, I b-ili-ftTa II will pet Ihh wn^(Jor«d 
riliavaganl to mj dial a proposition 1* fcUTrrnde? th* mixn And ibandA;) tbn 
baltta fur Nted-SCn, afar IDS conference- at Campion Roiujs, would biTu b«D 
HCei-r+d (arof .msM^, <tj J frtin^'l by the army and the. people- u lir impiritLuD 
rf riLllW piitiJinplrettLy sr lrt»*On. 

I 1i*,t# tbn hertor te t*, jfeun »*ry (tuty *&<i rMpsHfaltj 1 -, 

F. R. LPBB«nt, 



A^ A SOLDI FR A?in CIVUTAJf. 
hy illlrllUIi r'.iiisrv 11. HiiriT. 

The ^nr which placed Gencml Grant in the higb position bo bo 
lAtely fleeufwed, is flu recent and waa eo finrct, lb at El \& uatueaj big 
con lc m porariefl should entertain opinion* widely different as to Ibo 
OOnd net. and capaeHy of the. fluceesRfel gauera! wbo fin In:. I i:. 

Et*i EotflJWUfli critic* baie bean nilfi^j.cd hy iK& flood of raift- 
tjiry reports- which bave been poured (brtb by the able and i'rt£(- 
HfoEU lliliarinn* wbO ntfeompain^d Lb£ >H>rl3iL'rii Drnin's -n,u<l toelx 
diaeriTit [nation bus been datEled by the j*Jarc of the $rcat results 
accomplished by (iaiifirjiL Grant — e.o Ibat Ibey oftentimes seem to 
overeatim alo bis rapacities as a commander. 

On the Other riund^t huS bOen difficult (Or llifi- e*nqjujrY$d. people ol 
IJid Soiiili 10 recognise the virlrjeaorovoa to admit the high eapaoi- 
ties- which mny bo found in the Ic&dflF* wbo have wrougb t us no 
much ot]I- 

JJut lb ere- are indication* or a returning* Bene* o-f justice in tha 
fnjcUonfl w lately arrayed against each other- In IhabioodiiMli drama 
of modern times, ami n* the era of" jwaM and fraternity, of which 
'wo <t( (.he- Sonib hfcvo beard *0 niacb and wen ho little, it near ai 
band, a di-rtuwion of Lbe mLlitAty eondiict ot th* gr*»V C*pfaina 
•frhu ltd the ^ppofllm^ iKjfttn :nny now hd condacled in b apLril of 
Eairoesn — and in eucb manner aa may coLecr-Fe the 3n(^ro*t« ul 
blabory. 



229 Sw&mi Htetwitttl Swiety Papers, 

While I cannot agree with the extravagant estimate ai General 
Grant in whteb tb<i popator AeTrLJinOnt £f the Korlhori] people of 
tbtfie Tin i Ltd States holds bim— nor with lliv fo^tTj but stilLovcr. 
estimate in whieh be in be-ld In^- ctch clever Engliah crilSc#, I 
bava never been of the number of thoaa who drsplied hiiin aa 4 
Gen*™.!, or who attribute fibeses&e* «H)stonBive wilt the- greatest 
theatre q] ^>r the world bos ever aeen^vrhtthcr wu consider the 
vaatneaaof tho country w*airud by bis operations, the number ol 
the tatt1cn»4r the fierceness and duration of the airuggJo — to sheer 
obstinacy an J to mere Lunik. Wlmievcr the politicaL enemies of 
General Grunt ([ believe he baa no personal cinsiniew) may think 
about bim, t-bey cannot deny that biaenreor ban been moat ostm- 
Ordinary, and Hint no instance ran bo found, oven in Amcr:ea h 
wbcfL- the fortunea of locn nuctiafllo mom suddenly, ol auob 
a1 range, evfjntfnl history aa bia baa boon. Uorn and reared in tbo 
HilfrtplG JnLh:tfl rtf ptiuii nCOpli; in a wflhtem iown, bis nnppointmcnt 
aa e cadet of tbo United States Military AeaJe-my ^p-rned Lo him 
hi* first nccjuaintsntfic with associates o£ a higher onlturc,, und bia 
rliV. opportunity lo measure b:iw:*df with thyw whom it ban bacn 
bEH destiny lo overwhelm with diaaaterfl, or in n;u-n.rd with the 
highest priM,'^ of their profc**Eon. The Academy waa not, how- 
cver, a ephero in which bia peculiar traits eon I J find aeope or 
iippreeinli mi, fifr sifter the- foor yuan" course there, ho gradiiiLted 
oaly. rcApeclably, and was remembered as a f«ir mathematician — 
a very good fellow, And notably the moHt daring horseman m the 
riding echoed. Ilia featu cd bcirKcnijinKhi]) have probably never 
been equaled there, When hia turn came to rid* at "the leaping 
bar," the drugoon is i n aLteudnn&c trould lift the bar from LIk: Lbree 
foot treaties, on which it rested, raiac it as high ns tboir beads, and 
he would drlte hia. hor«H rjvnr it without a graze, clearing nenr si* 
ffetl! In tbia aLono tan 1 recall any germ rif the character which 
baa achieved for him th* preeminent snecesa he now anjcyn. I 
nc*t rememherhiai aaa quartermaster nl tha Fourth United States 
infantry in M^ntorey, in the (nil of 1SJG — where ho wnM ikiL vl-i 
esteemed more than * very good fellow, with good aens* r self- 
reliant, no had habits, and a shrewd judgement lo hoiapc-flcsb- 
There 1" left biro in UiH)pnilM;r, 1&I6, and have never ainee, to tbia 
dny. Inid ayca upon bim; but bia qancrTo the TJnLtcd RtatcH Army, 
before the wo,^ U fully rtftQrdcd and wcl] known to all the world. 



Ho (jontraeted ilia love ot drink, which. Anally Lost him bi? »enraie- 
f=ion, and retired into ckil tile nndet 1 ei^atnalaeeca. of tba moat 
depressing nature j be strugplod along in oh^m-ity, wilh narrow 
means, sometimes wbijr p tmmetiruca not — but never charped with 
intentional wrong 4oihj bo anybody— until lite war burst upon the 
country and bmbglit him At onee to a prominent position in the 
Federal army in the West, Anil Bitch a rc'rriutffl] of dealing aa be 
wrought during tins parting lour yearn baa never been known. 

Grant's. Bhst military uperntiona at DcSmont wore nOl regarded 
as auspicious of a brilliant (<itur«- Hut Ihe capture of Fort Don- 
aldiion wj» masterly, and lent a brighlneea to hia prospecta, which 
was ftooit after dimmed by hia defeat at Shitah, 

Many of the parLieipanls in the bnlltoof ShiLoh believe that tut 
for the death el Sidney Johnston, Grant and biH array would bavO 
bean captured before the limoJy arrival of Buell. 

Although ihfl Ijliith:1h of Sbiloh were won by Boell h Grant 
reposed upon them during hoielo monlb« of inaction. It did not 
suit bis government In pLvn them to Kuell, who was an in tracts 
able offieer wbeu the policy ol Iho government bMrnn<: .'i'iw:^ \t> 
hia conriclione of rights Thinking men, an both aides, belLevod 
that Sue!) won the battle oi fibilob r bat Grant baa ibe reward, 

tininl'ft nex r < enrapaiga w&h in .North Mississippi, during tb* 
fill and wiater of 1BGZ. It opened with iJiu quasi victory over 
Price at luki h which vrp-M followed, two wecka- later, by tbc ropulae 
of Van Dom (by Koaecranft) at Corinth. 

Ef otwi tbalanding 1 be great ud van lagefl thM^sucec&MJ&Bave Grant, 
he ii t teriy Fulled lo improve lb em, and lb rough h i* i nation und sdug- 
cLhL conduct the wbok of ihi* ■■upnrta.nl campaign was completely 
defeated by Van Dora's brilliant dasbj at tbu head of two thou. 
bind horsemen, into the depot of the Federal army at Holly 
Springe. In one day Tan Dora deatroyed lb rent months' supplier, 
for sixty thousand men, and compelh-d Grant 10 fall back a ad 
abandon the invasion of MieaiftJippL fiat the Northern govern- 
men t <00n began tba organisation of another ami greater army, 
and lo the aurpriao of u* all, Grant Kit placed at ila bend, 

Til.-Ei wiLi* in:iliiiO!Hnd lu >.\i- llilr,::-- ^l' m,:iw I k- i.i^l'ri':i; f I'rffi 

of tbat man h wbn, jiftcr triSiriandtiel wLieb had cost hotter men 
thair emmtniaeions, and ia enito ol widc^pn'nd charges <*i drunken- 
neai, wu again entrtJaiad with the moat imporiant military on lor' 



3ft? &tt£tam Historical Society JV/mtj. 

pro* *T*r undertakes in the W*»l, Bud wiib ib* pni«t amy 
tbMl bad rt»rj?« b**ij mrar raided cm!»id* or Virginia. Tie kv 
wu iov tw» ye*™ old; *nd in that nm» Cnnl'i career bid 
firahrarpd the doubtful affair of Delmonl. Iho capiat* ol Fflri Pon- 

aJdwn, lbs dHutrona fimidiy at SIHIph f tho battle ol luka, En. 
which dj-aot did not tighl at all, bul by hli tlawiico* opened the 
way (br Pripe'a retr^t, ftftcr bu bad rqmil-odJJloHocran^ the bat- 
tic of Corinth, i*on by Roaatwa. during tfrqiiiV abwnra., who, 
on Ma return, ruit. only failc*l to follow up Iho buaLen army ^f Van 
Horn, but Allowed il to recruit and FM>r£#niw e]ntw by blm r and 
when at IbrL be did marcb against it„ be m.i>»ed (WLtb QVejfWbitra- 
infj l«vrp^djio tftuiiionsty and stow ly that by (!bri»t«iv« be w»« only 
hi day*" re* re a from L'ortnib. wb**t bin pnemj 1 bad been ilaiwl 
d*atrti?nJ tbiw month* before, Thii onroftJontble inaction, and 
lb* |r*T* Dtf l«t to guard bit drptrt*. g>te Y#o IWn lb* oppor- 
lasHf I* §»*■ behind bini. destroy ill tbr nuppILt* of bii array, 
Ub4 defeat bit naptip. Y<d, all*r all ibii, Mr. Lincoln rwog- 
nlrrd in lirart lb* qaaiities essentia] (nr ilin- pmf»*lj] leader af bit 
armle*; and bo tben rxJrtBpd in bhm fewrorflbty bin abaoEnte 
eciblilmnr*; nnd tbcre it rested, thrimgli evil rcpuri and tbrOagh 
good report, Ui the. very ocid. Whal iniuld liini do il f no man can 
tall; but. be did it, and the reauliji nr*i hi-fnr« 4>l 

I w||| n*»c dwell on lb* etabnequenl military operations of 
Oeneral Cirant. They were on a grand «,'*!*. He wu never 
illntcd Jn material nor in men. H* would never moT* no til bit 
tatinrtataa w*r* met, and ibey w*r*- ooormsa*. LI* *oon found be 
coild only drleit oor *rmiea by orortrhelmLag ihtm wiib murk 
gmuer »nni**. and be bad Ibe fore* ol will to eonpe! bi* gorern- 
HHD(Bl 10 IXimiib bin with *arb ■rmamf-nli 11 qtoderq war b*5 
aim H« r W* eao ilnoM belieTt tb« *tu-t i<* ol Xerjcu *ad bit 
Partita bo»t*, iLtn am retneinb*T tfa* b|«» lio*« and \hi bin* 
niHH wbEcb coTcrcd tbe Bala bfyotid YoBpa^a r&3ai, aor^rd and 
rcwqr^cij ji^iiihi i be w-orku arou nd Vithnbur);, bunt over Bragjf'a 
Altcfni*Led lltion about t7buLHnrifl-,t;n, ami »w*Tm*d o^er tbe Poto- 
tnaciio oOuulluh* tbouHonds to attunijst and natleiupl Lb« deadly 
"ou to HiphHiQiid," un[|], at lewt. two hundred lliomiand «\ tbem 
anf«Lopdd all Ibal wuh left «f tbc grmiiiJ (jM army of V'ir^Lnl^ tbeo 
r*dae«J to tiitfbL ibou«iod way-wnf d. »t*i-*itij(. but deap*r*te men, 
wbo only availed the jigoai ol tbeir vblaf 14 «b«rp «pOa lb-* 



Qrmt ms a Sttrikr #wf Cfafluw + 

ailed Mbo lise* before them, Ton* their wmy Ibroogb U> the moan- 
Uin», or die together ihere. 

In ctlimaline; (irut'i clBinu is ■ jjeBeral, w« mail admit that 
ono printed by whirb be acbierrd M« ■(mcee* I»id™ qw, It ii 
kllpwtHh thl* count ty m the "pnndfilc *>f attrition"; and. being 
• newly-annDtiutpd principle ol war, may bff appropriately dlav 
cunwd Ji> d pn|Mjr Like thiw. Whatever \.\w mWhmty aiuderil may 
Mini hi drum'* earner to admire, hoaliould not urudvludLy adopt 
lhl» "prinelple of attrition. 1 ' Ua m an ity revolt* at it and history 

will nrriLii^n I J ran I fur ttn; i-L-eMei*sniS#fl Willi wliiL-b he dashed, hit 
tnen td duath. 

Id VirjfiniB, b* either rouLd nOL Or Wotlld (Lot maJHTOTTe, but 

kci'urnii; ibai tor ewery thousand men wbo were elaia by the rifle* 
of lb* army of Vir^LiiLa he would wilhia lea day* tim* rewire 
n tcjwAl somber of recruits, be pnwrtred is * criminal manner 
in tbii r**w principle of w»r. ll ia quiiw nmu table Lbat the lac- 
tic!! of i ho lua Commander of the Army of lb» United State* »nJ 
bl* nuretuaor, t}e.qer»l Sherman, were «u ■.(■ variant*, nod yet car. 
ried both men to each tubstaalial pewon&l reward* 

fJf*Dt announced and acted on tbo prinrlfil*, " I iicvtr KiQffla- 
Tre." 3liei?piapiik juiLcr jttvghl when ha could avuhl iU except at 
Chkbannw Ulitff, but iti tfao tfrcalwt ot living miim>iivn;rt. 

Wltl^Hit doubt firjini cnuit ha held reiponeLbla far the stoppage 
ol tli? i-icbah^j ui" pfiflo&sm. which van. the mo*L cruel aet of bt* 
plan of attrition. No parallel can be found for thi* double crime 
agalnit humanlty. 

|b erdef i bat I wo haadrtd tlmmiil ifcellf fJWtW be kept 
from lb* rub* of the ConM*f»t« anajr, ibejr war* incarcerated 
and Harmed deliberately in Northern pri*on». while > grtiitr 
number of bin own men (^p hundred pud. elaty Laonuod) were 
toBorod to languish in Southr-m pritonR, It may bo mid that 
Grabt"'! tiuperioni adopted this, cruel nn-a^um. Wbilu I am ready 
to belltn-n i% whj cod form able with their war p^lk:y, 1 em qoL resist 
the aonTLrlton that Grain could at any time ImToopennd uLL tboae 
prJHtiiiH.. Nwnb and South, and have arretted tin* mti*l -Cruel of all 
the horron of tbin dpe*dfiiL war. I h*vo Men fanlkman who 
were cotiflbdd. in Nortborn prison i Eor more tban i-wa yearf, and 
wbo bare tuiir^l ma they nftTof, duhog the la*L year of their 
iRnprboemeat, Jcaew what it »as to b* lire If em the panga of bun- 



£32 Smithern Historical Society Papfrt. 

gorF AltboHgh w ba*e Sieved the gttateir part of our dead from 

Northern MClil, likVHJH thoUBfltld Still sleep in ihcir Rrairt:* nhnul the 

prisons, Dtrring Milk cn^ iwo year* treaty ai* e.lioiinand Oolv 
fedoram p T is^nor^ dii-d ciJ siiirmtion -and hard trcLUmontin North* 
em pri-jon*,. while in ibe «ann<; tiroi* iivc-rily thousand Fedcml prir 
eoncr* di<!i3 lei the Southern prLaonBL And when we rcmcrnbor 
they vi'tn all young able-bodied men, how cruel uml im naecaaary 
mutL have own the hardship whieh kilL-d ihe-m, and how crimi- 
nal the author of Ihe-ir aufferingal 

fiiill wc muat recognize Iho grcnmapacitSr* of ,1 g£rn>r*d ■w-]iii.:Ei 
bore Grant BlvwErty cut to bin hulw^, fti»nt£(imcft through disas- 
ter mid defeat, but over onward Id Iho ultimate an«c*jssJut end, 
through four years DTaurging wAr. PrfremSnently he poE*0rt3vH the 
first und highest rtt at] virtues — count #0. Hui merely that phy- 
sical courage which cnlmly mcot* peifflonal danger, but the courage 
Lo oxcculb hi* owo plana, ro^ardLess of th« opposition of all 
oppqaarfl. Hisjndgnicnl oE military roan is good. He: gathered 
good m&n abom bins during Ibc wnr, und nunl* them tf&irk and 
flgbl. Ilia reticence, hu twM-rehunc*,. cmd bla tenacity of purpose, 
an the qualities whfch ho.vo mainly borne bint to fortune. The 
iumMStfof bis military operations ha» often been attributed to tho 
toe nacta of one or another q( his general^ who have been Bup- 
poscd to bJtTO a mora bond" than hdd crili-c* are willing tcrnc-cord 
lo him; bo L Ibis Ian great mistake- Grtnt haa "head 11 enough 
to conceive hU own pluns, with nerve and ability to ncoampliab 
Litem. At iti-o wimo Itmc he dot* uat lie^Lcate to uhT: the opinion b 
and sn ggestions of b ia subordinate officers. A re mm-'k able i iisiempa 
of lb ia baa been totaled to iho writer in such manner a.i en Li ties 
it to (nil credit, and a* it is eot generally kuown, 1 will alnlo it bum. 

In the sprint; nf lAftA Grant had failed Locnpluro Viek^bu^ghy 
lh* eanat through wbieh the SliBiiasippi would nat rim,, and num. 
monod to his bcndqunrirrii an Tnniiglfl P oinl, oppoaile Yick^bnrg, 
GencTftls gbarratin, Frank Blair, and MoPhtrttift, nnd submiued tt> 
them in council ol war his plnn of foiling thai plaec. II* invited 
their- opiisionH upon Lt. nnd called tir^t on tierieral MoPhenon to 
apeak, MoPber*on wjls aajoaiittd by our officer* thw ahl*si gen- 
enil in the Weaterii irmiee r and his gcntlrtriaiitike- eharnctac bad 
impre?&fd itwll upon his anemi«a r while he was hehJ in hE^b and 
jubI c*te*m by (JaiwraL Krant, On lbi« occ^ion ha expreisad bim- 



GVtfj|fff4«f Awb&tr *&i fjftlian lit 

•ell uf>|>o**d to lip exmlfoa of the plan proponed by final, mod 
gave hi» rv^Kibi aga.iaU il *ilk fiaath rartidtlboa* and fore*. 
After faea««j( bin Unit called on Jtberrnaa 14 "tat" bi« viawa, 
WOM-ll «M dpnp wilb n flncTipy ehBnutrl-mlte of that tomiBfindfr. 

He id»o oppoted Lirant'a plan. General Frank UJ*»jt wh then 
invited lo flivs bti opinions of hi* Command I litf-tteiioral'ii designs; 
Inn iv ! l I] » iiirn.LL'iLY and fmukiji.-hM Yvidi.li iin him credit ■ 3 ^ ■ - 1 i 1 1 l- 1 3 to 
cxpn*** idmneif upon the question on the ground tbnj, be did ng| 
I. i'l juHtilLunl lit j-iv imjx an opinion ahar the luperior vriudom which 
had bkH'ii evolved before htm. LfraiU dinipiH*fld Uii* eouaeii ve'ah or- 
den to rrauem tie at 10 A. if. ihc ncJtl day. wti an ha wcjuld comrmi- 
tticalo Lb* ri-inli, <ii hia exmsidefation oi their view". Accordingly, 
next norniP^, on Lbc recoavTPiPK of tb* (*««, l**y wero 
informed by (Irnit ibai bo bad givtik fall alteolion to lie opin«ana 
eipn—cd by then, bat that be bad nol Wen *t\*k** in bis em 
plan of operation ; itai Ob mottling to thesr re»|*etiTO bcadqvar- 
l*rm they would (Sad Lhc order* Lb at had almidj- beeti tuned for 
lb* movement, wbicb woiiW begin «t utie*. That movement c*p- 
Utrtd VipkuLmf^ - 

Abundant other instance*, ndphi bp filed lu nhow ttial t *uch u 
tl wph, iiraiit'n ndluiuy policy wuh :ill fa i* own. Nn iiiJLin'iiilr&llad 
iU And *ftanllninn h* not only enforced it oh toiliotanl anboidin 
nateh„ lull on hi* gomrnnwnl Stwolf f 

It bna cilten been said, that General Sherman leaplrud ft&wie ol 
Graal'e bappieal dccHioiM, bui Tintwiili«intidih±« liranta t^encrosfl 
aclmotvUditmeeU La lb* beautiful letter Colonel ■Chewiisy repni- 
4mtm In bt* banfnpbieal sketch ot <iraat> and *bieh Grant wrot* 
to Sheraaa when be wu on the it* of |T4ibjf lo a*«a,nt* coainiaad 
ot (bo tflf rftba L'ailed States 1 cannot believe it ml all prob- 
aJbta that to vrralk ud nndl^nifiFd p. rbhracler a* Shtnnafia 
could navecrer inBueEiced Gr»nt moebj and H » nin^Korihy in 
lbi»eeoncclioii, that irreverent n-nil v#ip}tluriuui as 9buma*n i*, 
Oram aim.' •-■ ■ i.iu.l iu ha ilio tibjL-tt ol fa I* real rii»|n>?' Il i- ^i' 
more hkeLy llial Sliemaan, in tbe only hnk|innJeiil tiporalioflili' he 
evur iiTiilmurd wbi«b did not raftult i n in ii ure— I nfiUa-it LhQM from 
Daltori Lo Atlanta — wan aided by lfa<* nonnd memm oE hii iuperior 
coFiunfloii^ir; and E have soaix- diniel LMtimony on lb I* point. 

Durifikf thee remarkable cipcratNn-i-4 n S.jiiLbofft (jenbLdinan was 
pcrmiLlrd U> (>*** Ibrodjfb the Jiaet ol bolb Johnston anil Sbar. 



£84 Stmtfimt JUitcrieal Society Pnptr$, 

did on an errand of mercy and atfccsivn to p« aged relatiro north 
of Uatlon. Ttta miWrjn jLetjhiiiptiahed, lid Traa not allowed w 
return threuyb Sherman's linep, but wh required to go La City 
Point, on James river, (o gHn jmixs freiin G eneral firant, Whon 
tba General was informed of his arrival and. wiwhe-s bo wartcuudy 
i&utfor him lo come to hit boadfjusrterft, and an tared freely into 
eOnWrftptton urjlJi hirn., and kit U|rf}n Iho mind oi my fnsnd the 
impression (hat tioocriil Gnml bim.*elf was ihe reat faus t-z jntrLimi 
pi fi barman's anny while mauceiLTraing in fr*Ht of Johnston- before 
Atlaatn, He flsplninuij thjit by the. aid! of tlu* oietlric telegraph ha 
bad J res and inutatil comaiuriiijiL&ion wiilt Sherman, and ilalew 
(lira L'v-ery night they poseed some time in lelugrjtphLc eorivcraa- 
lion with each other relative 10 tbo cLuy'fr more insula as well ■£ to 
lbo*o 10 lrt mp,il« «n l bnj morrow ; and tbo inference i9 plain Ibat 
through ail of that campaign Sherman had ihe. benefit of Gram's 
advice at every stopje of it. 

Alter Atlanta was jxiamJ, Hood baring removed bis Army from 
Sherman^ path, there was no longer »r»y obstacle to bin " march 
to tbv stb- 1 " Tt Lay tb rough a pleasant and abundunt coo-nlrv, 
oecupled only by women and old men, amj Sherman eonLd no on 
and have bift plen*m-e of the- mtproieelod people — aa be did, 

Eicrimg: ihe- conversation before recited trenerflUJrarit roaliLrked 
to my friend., "When 1 board, air, thai your government Lad 
removed General Johnston from command of Ibat *rmy h J Ml 
as ib neb relief aa If 1 had hern able to rmpfor^ (khhthI Sherman 
TTitb a largi> army corps." 

JbTotonly: has Grant been capable of lurming and executing his 
Own ptanH, but w* immt give him credit for ability lo handle tho 
great arm ies bo lorccd bin govorain<:ui t" give hi m. with more 
faeiliLy tbannoy o( hi« prerlcce*$firfl of the Army of tbo Potomac, 
TieClallan eseepted.. When tiraot look cominn nil nJ thai army id 
had been cuoccimivcly eommijuiJniLl by .M eDowell, MeGLellan. Uitrn- 
eide, Popei, HnnJuer, amd Meade. Tbc Army of Northern. Vir- 
pnpn l3«d ^truek |he. Array ol lite Jfotomac under all thcS* gOn- 
eral.1 Sr-ri'-itriivi. and always, except at An tietam and »t GeltyBburg- h 
tbo Army of the Potomac had been utterly d^frattd, arid could 
only be marched a^ay from tbo |>rt*Cnco of lw victorionB cnomy 
lo be reLnlOrpciil, refined, und brouujht bacfc again after rtpoae and 
Ts-.'.MTm'ULi-rii Lo attempt anew tbo "M to Richmond" ander 
another experimental g^ner^l. 



ffrmir a* ■ Sehtitr and (Fi'ilt'iffl. 235 

Abti«L»ta w » ilrnri) batik. It made Lee abaadBn. hi* firafr 
campaign beyond the Potomac, uuJ tared the red«r*l capilat md 

ramc. But M*-* , [i'll#q was i M bigh-bred, iw broad in bis phjiao- 
lhrnphj H too boneat a g4UE.lem.an. to vsiw LlnmLq and itt*nton, 
TUrrrfiin: be wpii mini*!, e^on, after a «rTiee to nignal. and in 
ipito of the fact that he vis knowo to tho t'on fmlurnM anil t\;d- 
erat nrhiLi^ n« Uie mOHl aooomplkhotl of line Federal oomnaaudera. 
A I Lit lira lit caiuo to itiu Arruy of tlm Polonies it navtr left tho 
flflld. Ji wii ponipbcd more wTarvlj.' undir him I ban it had e?er 

beoH UndiH- Rpf of bis prtd Cc&uiuw*- Softi* VTOUnC* idnjw that it 

IopI 100 iik-ii ' — one hundred thousand n»» Irom, tbo firel 

mMTtai*lit IB M*y, IS**, lall Hid ball 1b of t Vhl Harbor cloned, ill 

Ju«c b IM-lf Yet G not racer coffered ll to get beyond bis pob> 
IroJ. After bia rrfinLns Jl Cold Harbor ho cooU| atf J»t it t» fight 
any more tbm, hot he held it b*bt the Ttelorfoaa ■rmj h and 
marched it in order by Aunt na hi* am ba» dq the Jam**, wfctte 
he kepi it till the end. This was what no either roennandar of 
thftt nrinj- bad ctct dqiif, nni] iilanipp htm an able flu" no rod. 

He hu been n*vtr*ly cril5cLfli!d for fighting all LboM buLLk&atid 
losing «o many men to gain a poeltlvn which he might havo 
iL'ntiliL'iL without any loaa at ill. But, in juntkiL', w« can say bo 
*ju» nut ^hurgenbta with want «f military iNitwcity [or adopting 
that plan or cainpaLgn. It was u mural, and na| a aLmLCgiral 
error, on hip part. Prom unqnontioDibla anlborHy we know that 
wbch St'ititob firm Uild Grant lb*! bo Kit Ui be placed in tam- 
omud of lb* unfai of Vjrgi nil bt iu well pleated, and said : 
■ I »haJI at Q*e* *b*age lb* pUa Of QaJHIpftJga, and Tnp.be nay base. 
*C of«nltg>M ipan tbc Jim» Htot *oath el Kieb nonni. ' StuhA 
•a i.1, ' Xri j-ms mm Dperal* frtm lb* nthit itirrcEian." " Bnt,™ 
mJlI linat, "if [ do it will eoel am one hundred ibonsand raen 
before W| ran £41 1*3 where arc lid Eukr lljclimunnl. 1 ' " Well," 
Hid S|fln[Qr» h "yoo shall have tho bundKil Lliuti*iind men to 3o*q 
ratber than Lbix njclminitttnirLiisi, by ahflbduninj( Itn [iLin ivnd tOQb* 
Of ofinratLiiiiR in wbie-h wo Juvo ho tun uf pcmbl^d Bhull he con- 
vluled befhro the cwthL-ry of having jutr-HuiLod in <irror.' F 8«id 
UmiiL : ■■ Jf yoafurniflh mi? the men to tta it I will <sx<*b nt* yoar 

plan." &O thll, Wb:l« be hftd taililurj, h'»]*hl- ky L»flnpreci*lO tbti 
■Drroiibdltig^ wf (bi> StfreLiry'H campaign, ai»d to turmmnf ibf tr*- 
mcnJ<»i|H plauulU^.'r of bip Caen which i| wuqtd IqFglTr,, be coo-r 
ll«d to bo the inurnment at iu HjecqUon ! 



•.'.'■.'". Southern Bittorieat Seaety J\tprrt. 

A fair review od Graal'a carver will not rank bin bijgb amongst 

la* (jr psral* of hfstory, and will nnt d*rni*b »ieh ilto*t rations of 
the an el kgru will ftiBSi ffliLLcury M.eh bo »tildy hi* I'strif-mi^nS.. 
Bat lh*y mny leurn Irom him bow lorlituil*>may retrh*T* e*en tbe 
M&*t deprcwtmj personal 1*1 iiifot tttM*, nhd. be* po-pi-urnc. in war 
arc Kelf-rellrmcfc, ctnifltarty, and eonrn^ Tlis*s were the peculiar 
eapfteSllfti ftir war which Ihc United HlnlM Gnvarnnoenl required 
of him lit km; m-o Twenty.. And il i* il cnu^nlnlkw Etfumbv Irmght 
fijj;aikik[ him \hat bn pMMWed liit-Jti iiv mi cximtrriliiiiLry dejj™** 
and that lb* tmI waoureai of Lbo Northern malm, wielded by 
bia Inexorable will and unyielding tonncily, w«tp inBuper^blft by 
oar unhappy people, atid w&ntd lemjf brtot* the final L»ae ha^e 
overwhelmed Any other amir than Lb* Am; of Jforth^rn Vir- 

1 ban endeavored 1& place titatral Grant fairly in tbii papT- 
1 aWali* |a hi down, naught to malica, it t can nothing exlenimUf- 
I ■brwld not so thn if I did nnl acknowledge »n« -hinthg ebarac- 

UtrlHl*! which hn.% txtt heen the accompaniment ol Ibo highent 
conmitB. En (he whole conrue of hU iMiriMT no art* or word a of 
pantotial i-Minliy or iilauLL to hie prinonora or rjlliErs whom Iho 
m kfurUi ne« ol" war threw into hin power lmve evmr beer* nLlribmed. 

10 biin. \ r ifkshlirg WM biA first yrfnl flalory J It Wft4 tba TOiy 

oolrninaliioit of hid career; il nu won nM-ttr ut»eiaropkd effort* 
«ad cH»t of timo, ol 1,rci*ijre, nod rd blood. Hmbt cviuc-cd no 
vulgar null alien id hii iriabiph*. lie neither did nor prrmiUod 
*uy irttorinult or Injury loany H t m bf *t lb* waque red Army, 
hot «bo*ed owry attention, boi only to (heir material want*, bat 
lo th* It^Ltnjr* of bi* ppTfon*™. 

At lb* tbtrt-mitr oJ General Leo* Grant evinced a wntidf r^vion 
of hi* fatten enemy wonby of all honor. II* indulged in no 
"ata^e rffaMi " c jnrtt p.1 Luna over hi it j{rand victory. Jte ^raoled 
ptvmpLlj' the iiirmi of surread-ar propOMd by Ijcp, ob»rn>;d th* 
iiimxl ■ sin-iiil rr-fi|ifct Tor hjn- It-dinu^, provided H bDTnl Ij" lor lb? 
iMiaifnTl jitirl (riuiH|korla(ion ol tho mpLiVo nrmy, 1 l r 1 ■ I :il^t!Linii^ 
OT»n Jrrjm unlcTing liitbnijud, prot-ifdud direct lo Ctly PgEnt^ 
whence ha embirked lor biet oAm tn Waphlh^ion tiiy, And 
iddrcwiJ bimwll to the ftnal dntiti blagiwii eonquwl bad dcvaJvsl 
upati him. lli»E6ry hu honored the joaogj Napoleon lorrcluBing 
to bumiliatfl old ¥funaMTby bb pf*a*ae* al Ihe capilalalJoa oJ 



Grant as a Soldier mid QviiiajL EST 

Matstaa. So will it honor Ci-atst for Ilia reapeel ha showed to ibo 
feeling* of his Wnquored iocs. 13 q was capable of appreciating 
their high courage, and bo did oifiif* at tluu ttmg (4 FC&tnnn ibo 
farotily ol tbo non-combatants vf th*> North, and to Iran qui liie 
tbo unliappy people ol (lie South, than waft accomplished by bia 
wbolo government. 

(Jrant's tawpotfLinu ™ belndf of GeiteraL Lao and bis, bold 
resistance of the pnrno&s of tho fjorornrncpt lo disregard tho 
parnhvi wh-U-li wq Ika J gEeati, jjave great Lope to our pmstralo 
people tli at be would worthily sustain tlio grand roJc bv bad 

EWHIll mi>l3. 

Bat in eadncft* and sorrow wo must now lucn to the- rM*rd of 
bia eivil life, and as wo road JL foe! that Grant misunderstood the 
value and the uses of tho great opportunity hi* sword h*d plaeod 
before him. 

Had ba justly appreciated bis high rcsponsihililie? ho would 
hotet bare soSd himsctf to tba party whoso principles he bad all 
his life opposed, hut content with, tho lamo hi had tanied and 
with bia position n* head of tbe army, ha would have remained 
faithful \,(t biji COnvEctions, WQfcE knowing thai "iLli him rrnUid (hn; 
power to restrain the reeJdess men who bad been undurmining tbe 
Ii»ii:>I:lLijmj( of tba republic, and who baw Bought lu overthrow it 
for their personal end*. 

Instead of turning a deaf ear to the allurements of 1 bese con* 
spirals against hi* cOandry, vra bave seen (irant ejlently delibe- 
rate over the priaea befbr* bim ? and then abandon bia own party 
and pass at once wilhotit p^greaaion to tba head of that which 
paid him h«:H1. 

They won him from hi* |if_a-long allegiance hy tba high prise of 
tbe FruHvivnvy, and m aooti as bo gained It he began to prostituto 
it CO tho eeeoiupliflbmenl of Iho design* o( tbe basest sot of poll* 
licians thiu Opatthait has aver known, and to his own pergonal 
convenience and emolument. 

Ha gathered about him and Ailed tho most responsible ]>nsition& 
of tbe government with vvvnl pnrLiflditFi at Ineompetent relations. 
His "republican eoort" becsmo tbe foeoB of tho tbiiel g^ft-giver* 
aud gift-Ink tT* of tba land; jmd Irora tba moment of hi* accept- 
Atica of tbe supreme- power it wae evident there had been no 
'^ft-wcctnoM fvr him in tbe ueas of advereity" for having been born 



•2 > Smti*n Bukriral Senrty IhtperM. 

ui ftlwayi liifcd itn poverty i Tb* owe rttarEy -narked polk? «f 
bit tight J*ftre' mgo wis, that he never intended to be 



any more-" 



In flawing the history of tbi* century hi will be Ibipoaaihle to 
And « nib id lnn-ren of acaLfHitiinship, or of evidence* of broad 
qnltattal poLL<y h u Gran fa bjw btwn. Whim »a eoneidV* au? 
iOMiKii nrintfconfl we cad point oinIv tb vha Hftiiiunn upotiulaLJou *a 
ftu eflori. to extend oar influence. 

Abd whm we tarn to our donn»(k ftfi#!r*, w-e *M( tb* «d apee- 
Iftdt o( Btftten overthrown mi] eobatim 1 1 on ahd law* net aaide by 
the ro*tj wbci hid nworn 10 protect Ibvm, ind flll th" right* of ike 
people •BbordiiiiUd to lb? one pritn* object of plftcfogftcvDlnlixod 
power In lb* b*ad* 61 bin vbo »** ipnfwbt* d4 rt»te*niMiBhip 
broftdtr Ibis the bound* ol b« **& f*r*on*l eoBYHletK* or p+ra. 

To ibh condition be rtr**a to reduce 0* a.11, tad Ant taught, w 

secure (b* pnmin*tJoD by bis party for a third pr.-*ii!*-niiil term. 
W li en I but effort tailed, bo thought to- ponwmij by freuJ and fort*, 
the control of the gavei-nnscat, and hoped to keep it till bl* life'' 
end. Only ft fi l w months bave pftwod ii(K« the, people reallied the 
danjjorln which wg nibbd, and romi in their anl^htand robittod 
ihl» umtrpur and scattered the power at hi* con fn derates. 

Thow wb*h b^-ve bdieecd in the capRHlj 1 ol our people for e*3f- 
gftverinnebl, end who Lad brgiih to de*bftir of the republic, P*W 
tilt* heart agiiv, tud once morv 1-ope lo *PjO}" tb* blowing of 
freedatn. 

Let not Grant nieconfUne the recent bonon paid him by the 
n*QB*tT birpl power* of Europe. They are but the irifcuirt paid 
by tboet who owe tbuir offltea to forco to the military pro we*? of 
bin who ha* evtit teen ready to ns* fate* to perpetuate his 
power. 

They only defer, they do not overt hla ultimate dealiny, and 
whim be returns to hie pGOph b* wLLL noon paaa, lallowed by their 
DiinwR and contempt, to bis natiTG obHOMrily. 

Jt in Uitr-hftf lUble ubd ol liltlo profit In •ppfinJile u|H»n Lb^ rsm- 
ntut of I1L1 life le-lX to htm, But we aty well beHBTQ « tie dftyi 
will bo lew pnj pfiL" Without t»*te lor library Pbd ijitollcctual 
pbt»uiu, bereft ol power ud oi iaijenee, deeertcd bj? tho» who 
her* bflDf ab««t bin for what he gm Ibwn, witb * growing pro- 



Cr*if at d SoWmt *»W Dnltn. 239 

|WB*iiy for lb* vpcciil «d tbit W»cta bitn., wbm lb* auraing tde- 
Iffilh* *h»L| ar, r . .-j n: e Thai Gri.nl i* dtftd, Don will lament and 
wonder lli»l rapaeiliM ao good, with i.[ipi.rturnii««gx«*i r hb(iiLld 
fraiL ■ conclusion m> impotent. 



MrnlllEtl M> STRESyTH (IF TKK Jilt HI 13 AT NETmniTltG. 

ar lYiUiKie- »iT.Tta «. TATLam, a, i. 9., a. a". T. 

(tli bltawLan •ipLioitioa artd »roKlfcfi nf D4i £irra*r irliol* ru he,L 
»t r,.|.jti»! T^tar iLnalta»RnlT In 1ft* FhllwJ'Lphi* HrfMJ ibh! C4 u. W* 
im^Ut tjf "i "* l&ftl «l* paWk*lw« it **T t*f*r* ■»< t*» aa»roidallj 



A* my ae*oa*t oi lb* b*Ule ol V*Uy«b".?K "*■ ■"* giT*o lo the 

pliblii' in J our rolnran *. 1 r*r*p*ttf ully **p ip*c* lbfrr*m MjmVieill 
In teat* lb* following explanation and wjfMrfiitui oft be atmeiDeal 
tH the ulnngLb of ib« CoBfiMteralo Array tb«n nude in thai cmra- 

pnlgft: 

1 wctilu premiu with too mention of Iho Diet lliHtt two .kind* of 

TPtui-iiH- of llm f Irepglb of lb* at my won required to bo raado to 

the D^pftrtW^ttt during tfao war — ill? <"ie o "Held telurn," m*Av> 

Intti a uionlb (on tbe loci mod 20tb). an J lb« other a- ^monlblj 

nlnrn," mode od ib.fi last day of t*ch rounib. 

In lb* Held return* thin; wu a. coin ran for ibe H pjftwr* prwnt 
for G»tj," an J no* for "«bEhu4 man pnHDL lot duty"; tba aura 
ol lb* IWO would pfe lb* ,J *B«C( \it te-lftl" ** g*ni! rally aa&fT- 
ftood— ibal i», I be fjgbliog *tiTO£lb- 

lh the monthly import ih* arnraa^tftttnl *u dil?«xnU toere 
vat ii M>lumn for fs-co flr*de ol oflfcera, bnib of ib* line and *taff, 
and aJ*o a c^lnlnii for j&*rg*in(#, onr for «ir[iOT*K And ddo for 
|iri*-it'*— *n'i»t*?J men. Them warn thorn » iToLiiWb beaded "tffat- 
l\w l«tal," ivhieb eiubifaiocd only lie cuLlhlfld men proaont For 
duly — iIihl ii*, lbs n^n-corainiiBL0iii?4 Hla1 h hl^^phih, ta^anilt, 
and private*; tWa beihg bo ndumh fi>r lln» Ji^gr^ffflLe of lb« 
tontmlanloned offlfierftpreiwiil for dulj, 

Tin rv am- ninny ineiboda of cotn[Mirift[f ttic *tmnjftb of oppoaiog 
arraitft, Tbc one adopted by m« w« lo lab* lh« ^uffcctjTo igtal r " 
pr (be ium of tbe oflesn and eaHited men pnteiit for duly r 



240 Southern Historical Society PQptrs, 

deluding ill eoii9id?s-JitiQ<fl of Ibo HnecLal ot eilra-duty meo ? those 
fticic, feitd those in an'c-flt, A a 111 is manner of estimaiing tv«s 
applied to both armies, it swmed to nm lha most equitable and 
sniijifaetuiry. 

Id [jilting -ranted from lln returns, on Sic in the Archive Office at 
Washington, I aimed lo arrive m the "rfflKtjw InlaL" Ttla in 
(to "field return*" wftft rtjulily determined by adding together 
the oflWfft and enlisted men present for dd ly i dm in the eumj of 
tfci l- ,l monthly import* '* pi w^jl very lm'.uriiL i-vrav for one to lake 
the addition of the- column headed Lj effective total'" ns reprint- 
ing tbe effective ^tren^th. Now, it bo btHpfvun-ttA that thu basis of 
my estimate of tbe strftpgib of General Lca'aarmy at Gettysburg 
was the itofnlMjj report oi toe Slat May, 1EG3, mid not a jf*M rfiurn. 
I therefore., look thaloLpl runinnmt ui thueolnian hejided "efTeetipe 
tolal"— *is., £3^3112 — an repreaen ti n% whal id generally undenjtood 
tyf tk*.tterm> and nnder the imprts^on ibut the eatena-Jona under 
ll nl column cnibniced ih* omeere and men pr*Hent for duty, 

I was- tho more nalurully led into Mil* a*roi\ 4* Mr. Swinion, 
it hose figures I 3l<li] before sue, bad done precisely llic Ktmi thing, 
LiQulendiil-General Early having u'ireon.'d my aUtmion, an the 
SJlh Lnelant, to the illserepanev' between certain flgiiroft given by 
WeJieral Humphreys J rum the kvtiio return in the Comia de Paris 
and ryj- awa, and having raprawed hih npprcScnuiftn that I toot the 
Jigur^ ir*m the column bendud "effcrLive total," Inasmuch aa, 
excluding tbe Gftv&lry, ilia fltrcnjfth <jf the army aa taken from 
tho ficLd rcUirn of tbe 2Gtb Slay, 1663, teh gnjftCer tb*rs that 
tafcan from llic monthly ivjiuri of iLd 3 1 it May, 13C3, J began lo 
inspect that the officers wore not included in tun cslintnln givnn. 
I at once made Rjtplicatiyn vj ihv W?r Dg|«rLtnant fbr the infor. 
mnliot neceaaaiy to vctlta tbe matter, nun Imving bean kindly 
favored TFilb a prompt reply t* wy re^ne*^ I haT* b*en enable 
to review my figures, and find lb at lite estimate Qf uLrfiJtgLli em tbe 
31hI M»J J , I9S3, doea not in^lndis Uia rtlBeota peaont for duty. At 
that date lha eflVictiTO sirqngtlt of Ueinjral L^s aTmiy hpif ns lol- 
(owa: LoDgatreci'fi eoKBmand h 2S),lf I ; A. P. ULLL'a command, 
2b£S$- r eaTalry, 10,232; anilLory, 4J02. Total tfftxtfot «f til ai-mfl, 
7-1.1,' I. And currj-in^oul Ibf samp rw*ft03iig aa lhal origimlly 
paiwed, 1 would n*j lb at Gen oral Leo had ni flettj-flbnrjj, includ- 
ing all f ha WTalry, G7 h O0(J meji— IbaL is lo Bfty, 5^,500 infantry, 
9^000 eivalry, and i$tob artillery 



Strtxylh */ Bath ArmitM at tffAfyiAvr?. 



1M1 



Of ttuiH tbit onmber n oat milabli to bin it anyone tim* T 
m 1 lnv* yrf tjob»3j *xT'-bin«t, but t jtrcler la bdf>pt Ifec grqM 
biflntarbb »bowti by tie official rafrfrtli; bt»J 111 likd manner 1 
WfrltM pcr*i»t In WtiH»Hil!JJ tbc ftPC-npflll nf the Plural ftrrny by 

tbi wtnl*tiiDHt of ttunuruL linker kn General llnllrvk, maJe an the 
27 Hi nl*i at June, m lite tffect ihat In* ■' *li»l* for** nl culittai 
tsith pi-an-m fur duly would not qkccvi] IDft.lHHI," 

Ah (iL'rujniJ lluukur thuti gutu only kiln rM^fr'if rwiwi present for 
duly, porhflpH llu* fi^ur^* originally ((mm J»y riom l l<« mrengtb of 
General L^hi'x army-— tbni id my, (m.452 «d lh« 3Ut May, IST3 h 
IHtt 62,OOD p,L fttfttf >l*i4i-£— -thriiiM bfl ^muirj^od Lb thtf <!&m|iArt*dn r 
** ib«-y f*j>r***nt al*o bis thliji&l mm pr'nwnt Jor duty, 

Fw If w« add to tbe 105.900 *,q||*t#d nan of tb» FeJeml tr« 7 
;bf him pmporiidb. ft* ofljeert u that found in the Com federal* 
tmj. it WOl)d F*4>0 llo oflcclJT* »l/^npt h of tba lunner 14 tally 
ltft.Md Ob i bo £7ib d*y cH June, leur dbje pnrrtoai to too boUb. 
View i hew figure* u opu will, Lba difpuritj lb uyjuertcaJ Hreagib 

i* H'TJ #|hpprBllL 

Iliriaricbl urcQHcy oeip# my KrvMt «iro in all ilmi L bure to*ay 
Upon tbU »ubjbLit. 1 bnaccn um&rrteL tbo urrd-r into which J hbvo 
llmdvi-rtuiUly lullun alo-ng willi Mr. Hwlnloo. 

ttnitfl 1 * $f liW Xrmjr */ Jfpr^«m l^^te, M*y ?1*f, (W*. 



^— ■— - 


F, w ., , 


b Dbtt- 


^■IliTITi. 


y- .i,-. 1 r,.*u. 


Ubbata 


IWjlL. 


ItTnTTH CtUP. ■ it kid .ll.il . ■ ^ - ■ . ■ .-. . . - - . . —-..--. 


MM 

1MB 


11 

«7 
lit 




H**-|' , « p*»tJ-«» ... 












ToL*l Pint Corfa...... ,. m 


Bft,S« 


t,tf* 


55,171 


Jferourf .drp»j Owy#,- 

lir ll p t bH ■^irllT....ii_kiidi-i iJituKiiJiiMdkiij.bi i 

A. P. lUll'i |]LvLii.fl r ,„ pr „ r ,, 

HadN 1 iHvdiiii" 

JcihaniiiJ JDUElfDD 


■ biabi'idbbkibhi lib 

K.ni 


11 

e» 

tTl 




Tvl>L t^vuBit CQrp*. J . u .. u .. u . u uiw 


ar.Tii 


U '.III 


w.^fi 




f.dta 


TAB 


10,2*1 


ArtJJhrj.«„. rt HK— 


€.*» 


^.- 


^ ,7<m 



tt+M .#•***»* "*faij •* JO"*™. VL^tii^' 



H1U 



24S Soutfxrti Uhioriwd Society Faperi. 

Cotonrl Trior's H^plf lo Hie Count ef Parisi 

^oai*LK h Va. h JfattA S, ISffS- 

J?^|:. J. WlI.Lt AH -JrtSttS, 

My Deab Ma.. JvNisr 7™ tomplianM with yonr request, 1 en- 
clfl** hcrcwiili lLa topy of the memorandum of Hi ■*■ Cnuni of Pm-l^ 
concerning the BlraTtgCti cl 1V> i«-0 *TmSs* at GtUyftbuifg, Mat to 
roc by Culoitel Allun. I h&Fa only found time to rca'l tbo >!inn* 
lo-iisv- It ■*. :11 my judgment., clu condusiYG ptiuVhCO 41S his ya| 
bc*n proMJ-nied of Ite j^rost disparity ift tbo strength of Lbo two 
armies, wlicn 0110 vhn di-dimtA t-liineon per eonl. from tho cfficutiTe 
BtrcngLbcl llnj Anmi' ol tbo Potomac, snd mjikta a further d*dua. 
tion <?t aaron per 4411 i. tor t'bo fttrn-^filLnjj fr^nt that -army;, dutlng- 
A period of faur dajBj white b* aligns, tut four per coot. for tbo 
reduction of tit? Army of N&rtbern Vir^inia^ (rvm, tbo bimb cA-d**,. 
during a period of nearly -on? mOntV Rhnald yot ndioit thai lb a 
former army exceeded the taller "» numerical strength by "somo- 
whfl-t move tdfliione^ourlb." J I uppaiira 14 mc, bowwerv tlutt ibo 
C^mit lirDcMsaarily Biirroim'tN a plain matter ol faetwEtb perplex 
in-E qmsalioni involving raucb that In indeterminate, and Aeektf. to 
roach, a result by doubtful iuferuneefl. and intricate calculations 
whkb i* reiwltfty ^ttainablo by dLrout, pwitiiro, and coiaternpora,. 
BHU OVidunW- 

ln tfat Bral place, I do not b*o the iioceBaily for attempting a 
comparison tbnl shod embraco tbo men on rstrn orspceial duty 
wiLb both armies. I would tiot object Lo this if a aatiafuelory 
re*uh could be Odd; but wben tbo most ponitiifo evidenco w« liuve 
xclaLea to the numbers present wiih each atmy fur duty, why not 
limit tbe companion 14 these? Why not aeok at once Uj ascer- 
tain tbe number of men in line of battle xyni table Tor tbo figlit? 
TTfeeii wo >-]ji::ik of ^fam and H>nlhted moo present for duly," a, 
clear und^T^L^ndiit^ i? b:i<t of what i.e m«int. It inottoru not bo* 
mtvciy men wctc with tbo orepiniKatum*, or sig-k in ombuIaTiMiB" 
tlitj took -*o pn.fl io tbe %bi 3 *«d aoioc of tLooi wore, perhaps 
bo fur t-uTii i-JTcr^ (ram ib-e ateni 11* not ovon lo bear the giinfL Bitl t 
apfirt from Uii^, it ta not uo ««fty to dtteriBine tboir muenberai it 
h to fl^e^rtain tbo nprribgf of tboiw wbo were prf:ont for duty. 



SbtmgtA of &xk Armkt at frtfyafer^ 3 f>> 

Tha rvlaraa 41 bath innwi ■**» alike i« ibit, fut: in *«k 
itwrc wu * cnJamn foe ibr ^Bl+t* "ptrwMil far duly,"' ukd onn 

f« the eiili*lc4 men "present for duij'," Kiiliwlv dirtioei from 
lata, but under Sb*£*nrr»l ]ie»rlin[; ■■rrrwin,"" koh uparaCc col^ 
umna lor "extra or special duty," ■■ , »it-V 1 ." and "in irmd." Tbo 
oilrt or *ji«1«|^nty men mrr, np. i ml*, an Kjrdce with Ibo 
Lraiim, and vara DCYor conn Led by inTjiinrmal cniHimtnrt&ra with 
un bn tlnMr reporta ol Af mw prc*vul (op duly."' Without diirtos^ 

|nj[ llio pnitii Ittadd by the CoiinL, thjil lb* " Fudenl oFRm» g»Tfl 
a* what they Called their tffttfxvt >, r r- n-ff.'d llk.v fl^iirti rtpripientijlg 

ati th* m<n pft*f*f, and mn -mly iln*»« |tfw#(if frr duly," I would 
cull mention to the fact thai, *n b» nflU-iil vnrr»pgiiden« with 
the <ieneral £D-Cbic£ ti«neT*l Huokur, <m the 37th day ni Jum, 
1863— lour d»ya preiioa* ia the hattV— ii*.Ud that hi* -'whole 
|art«ol ttkiuttd mtn pnyU/nr aVy mr.-.ul L hot clrrcd t05.«t™ 
Hodect OQl qu lilt lena "effective ItWOptfa.," hat ■ tnliswd me* 
prc*eiii fnrdHiy." Evidently Inwe flf[ur« w»n taken from Ibo 
column beaded "erlisl*si men prcurML f if diHy." Xow, whj will 
ill Lti« wrfcism on the other fide pui^i^L in Ign&rinfl thin evidence 
or Hie fidneral of ltiv Army of lbu Faiom**? Thin dUnntcb from 
<■*■ ikL-rnl llnokor to General tiulkik wu urn I uinlur peculiar- cir- 
ou m Hi allien, Th* former de^md. tin Im^rut** u]»r?ti lIiu latter the 
newmily far rflinf-ureLn^ hint, nod Unit llioro "mi^hl be no tnEs- 
lifiijiirRiuinJin^," be inform* bi» u«tnspiur that hii whole jorc* of 
(filiated men present Jor duty will mil v-gmtcd L(Hl r OO0_ TJsig 
♦TldainJa, written down Al lb* time hy ib« (ipcioraJ ol ib* Armj, 
wtlb lb* r^porta ol hii sabvnJ i r>aT r* lw(or+ him, i* worth ua til 

tbpl •aiiaitrtd only by tOB Lnri>l ■.^Ma «>l tha dfin^r*, si 
TThlann, fiv*n Iron- memory imw tin* ahcrwarak, u made lb* 

kw nf ra.lriil*!LDr h-f I. be CotitiL G*nfniJ K««4« fainwlf tesli- 
fti-d llin when ha Kmlt command ibv nmirtii hbowa him culled 
for 14>&,C4H> men*— tTidemly r.b«i amnie Irom whltb General £Iook*r 
derived hla fijrLi rea— ittLfaoDjih he erraneoiiily/ elaimi liint taoac 
B^iire* entbrBHd ibe gumnrtn At MivrjMir'* Varrf, titnotuX Mendo 
alia lnHHed Jroirt wiL'tiiiOTy, buHure Etia t'«n^nmMiniml Oomraitt**, 
ihut h\> baJ "upon thai fatttr-JhM," ui nil arm- af the HTflfl*, a 
lEUla narj« 100,090 men: whurHw tjl QflWrt |[l VHa bLm hgt Si.uW. 
Bar*tr H tf*i»ent] SImJa did nut Jaeldda In Lbia ttatrmant the mea 
OH duty wuh the Lraio?, 



Hi SwAtm Bittannal Sorirty Psprr§ r 

Thr train* of the Army M ihr Pmnm «* lb* ffth day ef inn* 
If «* d'lUntlt** rlrin^ oal £?r a ron»idrrabl# di*i*Jte*„ fe laJ^C por- 
itap bt-fcnjf ■till In Virginia. J* it f**aqn«fclv lo unppg** thai <£*n- 
•f*J Hooker,!!! bl9 c-ndes-vOr t** iniprvn* UJmn Lhr Vfn.r D>'purtiiii!ht 
the meceBKily f'nr givlnjf bin additional ttiNPpn, wuuM embrace in 
hi* report of Lhc enlisLed irmo pri-*vui lor duly nil th***fl on ckCtd 
<Jr fefirdal duty Willi iho Infill*? The |H' Whpi Lnjj u ol oOeoPfl to 
men prrHfrtH iw Jiity with (fa-o (."nnrwiVrrkU'* ^ii» uono to ten; 
»||i3*liijl tho*iLiiic for the Federal", and Ijimpral Hcw-hcr's rflV^LiTb 
elrf"ij!lh on Ihr 27th oS June wpj* 1 IJl.BOO, Tlio Omul claims Ibtl 
tbn lOb.MW r*|H¥»nt*d the tmire [in-M-iit afrangtb; of ibp Army 
o! tfa« PolQ MC including bOLOIlly «Bt«i> fetid neb |>rt**hl for 
dity i hot ltoo*c vb extra or tpaewl duly , IIwm *itk r fend Iho* in 
Ijttt+C. Ilul 1 do OOt think he ram *u bat tn Hal* I hi* in iWJqL* 
eorKrwIirimti, a* it i*, I* lb* te*tinaoaj/ of (ieornl Hooker. Ho 
thru drducL* I fun tbi* 105,000, Ihirfwn, pdf opnl, far mtD « »pa- 
dal doty, *ick, *nd in urraaL, abd ,fivr« ftJ,:t,'iH on [.ha number 
{aHlfti fend men) pncenl for duty, The** fl^nra* in further 
reduced by in nl Intrants at £,000 ihr nlnir((llhjf. en J he eetimulcfl 
tbocffaoipfe ttrangtli ol tbo Army of lhe Potomac ill Gettysburg 
a L Krp.lHHi u| >|| Arms. 

lit regard to Lbe strength fff the Army «[ Northern Virgin 1a, as 
given In bii paper, ffejU •K.fiflCr, 1 dm but tbluV he !■ mitcb out of 
the wpy t Although I do notujfne with htm In hi* rvwm'iog. But 
hi* frttihial*. L* tueod qpfin Ihir t-nVc tn-e *Lrr npth nf I hat mttity i>D 
the Slit Way , lr3#3> #4 given in my aoKntat ol the battle — that it, 
toJBt- A* hu already tare fHjblu ly >irj v<1, tbw fignrra did net 
inclaiia. i b<- ufl(krr» prewiiL for duty. The total effective at that 
dfete waa 74,4111. The Cemil wnqli),. iherflor*. rerny t4^ dinVi> 
en™ in pj* calculaciurift, and thua ibcreairf fala numban lo tbqot 
73.000— Inlly fl.OlHi In «xct»d of our real atreo^tb. Althougb it ia 
pat»b Hiy compmuensioni why the Cunni iJiauM dede^t 6,000^ for 
feLn^KUnK iroPTi (hr. Anoy ol the FoIoibmi in u p»rLiHl ol fbur or tivo 
dnvp, ii i id nihLy u1](i-w i,5flfl for lha neducthn by llic -winm ^au^e of 
Ihfe Army qI Northern Virgiuia afior (L Groaned Ibo PotoraiM^- 
eenrly * muiuh — yet we can afl"rd to fellow hi»fl»t™*t™ c*flLatid t 
Jbr fell tmr|jOMO of cpmptirifl^o, |in>vid«l tit? tfitimony of General 
Ilooker, gi^eu fuur d*yi» proTioui lo lb* epognolar, it neoepLtd by 



Strength of Botk Armits *( Gttlytb\iry. 245 

bin M * fault tor determining tb« fLmglb tit lia Amj of tbo 

I >.. -i . . >ii H • n 1 : lb* misi.-*.- time. 

Accord jug la th" te*t irEnrmalion I Kill 1 ba*e r and *IW * c«t*- 
fsliSHdy or th* subject, 1 tbink that li^nora! IjW« *lr»P£lb it 
Get t J.-*bnrjr P nmbrnfcing hit enlinj rfliifclle* turw of H-H ariii* uf lb* 
HTvSqc, Jrrjin StvL La lut p waB> in round nu"nW«, 67,000. So, aloG, 
■Hot ■ onrol'ul iwiew of nil tt»Q evidimci.', I would «riy l-1»*i Ctfiorat 
MtikIlh had ulionl lQS.OGO. The Ccmnt con Lend* Lbal we Hbnuld 
LdgIiliIc J one*' and Rnh,;;rtW>n> bfi^adi.1* ol envalry, tW rcaabed 
Uh alter Uil> hnttle; but be u cant a\ lu e#?ludn Lbe. irwps lakea 
from Harper** Fflrry by General Hnda and »'iL to Frederick, 
Tbrra i* #■ hmch reilan (or L-*ui»l!bg th* Oil* BJ ill* Other N«v- 
trlbdc-*. L do touat tbo two brigade* *•( c«**Jry of Geiwni L*a/* 
■nry, tail do tiai taunt ti* Fcdrtih at F^r'l«r»c1(- 

Qn tba 31«t May N Geotnl U*'« «ffretE» was H r ISl. H* 
rorciTf4 after ik»i one. brigad*, Frtlltfrew'f i bai, i« olT<#t tail 
■ddiiiuio, wo matt ded urt Or**'* briptada and on* oi P«;tig™w> 
ngimfiLM, LelL lei Virginia. TJio naValr} 1 , uoder Jeriltin* mhd lm- 
bodim, wu iidL embraced in lbs report rf th* 3I-*l Hay, ami mqrt 
bo added. Tos two brigade hiiinbuhud nbunt J h Ofcf) in«n. Tnia 
wan nir-id hy tbe ]a**«u*Liiu*d by lb* brij(»du* td llmripion, Fits 
Jitf, niid W. 1L F. Leo in tboir ancoitntai'* wllb lliu eftiMny Imioro 
*nd after cFnmsiiig tbe Potomac,, and by reason ol tbeir nard 
ma™bkiijC- Geneia.1 Lee says that "the rank* at tin* cavalry wore 
Ulneli rt'dut'Od bjr it* lonjj ;ind ardumn minrh. rvpOdted COrvftinWi 
abd iniufficLtni iU|t^tE«a of food." Thtfit I bo aria;, in il* idciTa- 
taetit nufib, in Lfao n^bi:i>^ in the ^allvy, and. in pnardf fur e»p- 
Lafcd prop4FtJ 4 *u reda^ed abuat E*n ppr c-hl. A-flrflrding 10 mJT 
mimM', wa bad 53,540 infkntry. Tbcrt wn aJna diviu^t, end 
Ihlfl WOWtd JPT* *q Bv^rag^ P< aboiH $,Ol.ni I if,,,.k n^rlj ^rry 

lirinji divlijoa fionawimcidtr of General 1j*^> a,rFiij- will rndn™? 

lb*-*o rijinrea, 01 MTilr/, I thin* ilium wv, In round number*, 
9,000, There were Bcnen brigade*, ouuntiiijf Imbnidt-n md Jun- 
k^Tin — ■(» aVL'rqigiu of 1,300 in tJtt? liri^di', Th« Sv» wilfa iLl'. atnjy 
on 111 I* 'i\< Miiy bad an averse at lnU 2J(30, and Junkin« And 
IttI bciclnri bad uri^ihally #d 4i^-Rrugih nj 9miI L,li(l(K ihiiwnig an arig- 
iaal ATeragv ol, eay, 1,9*0. Thk r«duc-tlott in tlm cav&lry i^buts 
tw'nidlilti one, iron*ld(5rirg- tb«r wr*It* b*(wijfiii tbe 3]«l J[ B y 
■ad Ut ol Jalj. Tba siriilleiry I uui at 4 P &00. Tb.u ibrt* «.fnk»o[ 



246 Southern. Jiistori&d Socitty Papa*. 

ocTTice than numfcerod „, follows: Infantry, S3,5uft; cavalry, 
& h 000 f artillery , ifiOO. Total limVetive of a \ I arms, 67>OQQ, A galn^l 
tb to I ft u* pat ib? m i m ma m (i u mber, as elai mcd by GencrnS Moado, 
"a lilito under I0&,GQQ men" U tuo Coun^ boweror, penest^ La 
giving Oencral Leo Ibo m axi nnim cfn-diivii stivnjrth w=Hi which 
he comtnanead tbe campaign, say 74,000,, in ee/illy and fuirike&s ha 

fihould [ml thn: Army of Lbo PolfiIB:jjC at Wtlftl 3U fcOfnTnnrute-r 
Btntcd it to bo on the 27 tit dny nst June, <ris. : 105,tHW enlisted men, 
or about ll$,u<}t) cflVctm', oSteeta and enlit*lL-d men, present for 
duty. Compare our 6?,tWH> ua ihctr IQ0;QQO or 105,000, or compare 
out ? .($00 to tbetr 111,000;; but do uot tflnipnrt *«r mas i mum 
74,0W with their Minimum JWjOflft. 

Youi:*, truly, ?, S. Ta¥L6h. 

P, $- In no article con tribute J to the [PVi-% TiWi of Pbilndat- 
pbm, Woteli 10tb, Gene ml Humphreys L 1 , £. A., miber confirms 
piy estimate of the utrejigih of the Army erf the Potomac nt Gct- 
lysburp. According to hiaatatcmeul, Hi a miurn tit that army on 
tbe AOlh June> ]£!$&, showed present for duty, officer* and enlisted 
men, 519,475. He Further stuwa ili;it "Siannard^ brigade, of firs 
regiment^ bin! Lock wooil's hrijjrmJ-c-, ol lv<3 regiment*, coming 
from (be Department of Wh.$M ugLun. mi I th« Middle Department, 
joined tie Army of lb e Potomac on lb« morning of the 3d of July, 
and eonfteqaonlry they weru not on the return of thu Mib June. 
Two regiments, of Btannard's brigade woot to tba main traina. and 
Lb roc joined tba Fir&t (Turps. II lh n^iiLwinn nre stu-.wl on good 
authority to ba?e boon about Qvo hundred each — mu-ch larger 
thn the average, of ilw Army ol the PoKmme-"' TJll< *n.me est?- 
mate ta mada by General Humphreys ef ilia airenglh ol Lock- 
wuod'ft t^o regiment*. 

If we add te i be attengt h of the Army of the Potomac, an .i Ji n vrn 
by Ibo return of th-e 30th of June, viz., 9&,47&, the seven regiment^ 
ntunhcrtnjF five hundred each, that joined it 6iibwq.uently l thoro 
reaulta an Ibo -atrou^th ot ilmL army m Ge-ttyfl-bui - ^ 102^975 — say 
10S f 0H)™ — diffortn g von' little indeed from my e&timaLo. — W. JI. T. 



N. £ Beitery at Ac Batik a/ fife CWfrr, SJ7 



n — i rt S»Na Cirallnj B^ttfrj ■■ tb hit fa rf Iht CraUT. 

£Wa *n1y mcT^t Lhit the publir*ii&fl nf ih* rulburlm narr.l-iTa hp i>i>- j^, 
linH'«]it.ln ill 1 Untntr'i battery hu him kon£ 4*lny «L &j clrcumrtineM 
biyenil our mitral sj 

After riWUliivff Captain Gordnn MiiCnW* nrLitlc In iho SjinJA?™ 
JfijftjrH-rtf flofr^ /"Ippfrj on the defence of l^^ir^knirg, I tbiob I 
beve lU ri^liL to find fault, n«i with wtmt li written, htii what 
wu omliled in the irticfo referred Lo. 

J claim i hat Ibc foatWry ej^unniindod by m*, And ctunptiKid. en. 
tircly of Jtartb Carolinians, 'a emitted toih« rr^dit or prtcectmg 
tb* Federal trtnv from entering P*l<T*bnr)J OB Ibc morning of tbe 
tprtngiBg of ib* tain*. Tb* Ik(i in tbro. Tie mine wv> »prnng 
abonl daylight o[ the 2>ta of Jul.r. and w** iiamtdialeEy loJI*ired 
by I ho caplLarw and occupation qf our Itno of breast-work* by the 
teeny. They remained in the worltH qnlil 4 oVlotk before roafciiij 
prnjuirnlLnnB for the advance. About iLul iltee th*>jr reformed lina 
od built* and began ailvaefring toward the cily. Flutter's battery 
wu no*tpd In the main road near ihn flwi Hodh, nlfiin fwo hun- 
droJ yard! In rfW of tho Confodflrato hrMml.worku, immodulely 
in reap of lhe minis*, Joriainy what n%bl bo conpldered ■ wcoitd 
MnOj bill etitlrclj' witboul infantry unpen I. Jraiuicdiatelv upon 
Ibo ndTanw ol the enemy ve opened, on thera with -lirLI u d on- 
bier, and ihry nwi nvajF.Dt shelter in ihelt trench**. Id a fear 
minttle* they "gain formed and comnu-acod advancing, Again 
*« opened, on I bra wilL oar «Js gn«i r Tb* mean- pnwd 
•Lradily forward^ when oof j*qnj we» doable chprgird «nl b ca a ti- 
ter, and a deadly Are pgand in lo tbctr rank*. Tbrcr (in m were 
tbep brokflP, and lacy fled to tbe worlfi and ihcr* remaJnrd until 
oar jtifaatry. ijnippiMed oE tbo brigndej of Mnhnnp, S.ii™nJy, and 
Sandnra, Jill ondef tliu ea-mmand uf Mahone, arrirc^, a.hd. wcto 
placed In piHiiinn preparatory lo uiiLkiiu- \\,m flnnl vbi\r^o, wlti^b 
T6»ulU4l In the refjihlinro ot the work* nbau l iu'ufak in the day. 

Tbe ire of tbo ciie-my, from, iiturly ono bimJred giin*, wjm C0n- 
c«iitra(od wp&ti my ppiDpaoy ft»r two boup*; hut amid Ibis KfrribLe 
raJ.li <i| deadly rai»]l«A ibwe braTd North Carol inmn* stood to 
tb«»r j£Oti» and rejigl^d titiy advance tnftJc by tbc cDcmy, bold- 



316 SentlKtnt /folmvnl Soritty Pvprrt. 

l«|[ Ibra in cbrck ilnn^ mi wpibnal inlwiirj uippoH, tinlil lh« 
tiriTpl of General Braurr^atd with lb* Ireep* wnntude*! by 
II aliono btfor* mentioned, 

We d#im. Lh« Limitr ol muring th« day, an J ji ^evc nltn j wlm 
tnij(1it hnVf btjen a very esrioiis ivMl mni |irnlmh|p !u** of Po- 
ll* rwlmrji. 

No fm* ftjiPis llicee wba w-utiI ihrnu^h ilu- flury rmli'jLt flan fnt-m 

tbe ■llflllHl CJiiKvpli^n til Echj lurV ill' IliH JiLLatk. Not ItiSft LlifiD 
JtJly ftb«l| a IfiLniHO W<?r& burled It |ln' MirnjhHrij"; ilii.I tint lor ll.fl 

prunieiiori ■ fford«d ib^rn by lb* pldm oF Hit* road, llity would 
h*¥p bfen *nvpl riff the fkc* ff ln« enrtbr Tb«m ftpn tbn« n™ 
hvittf who «n copfirra mr »m™cni; and if Ibk ihoehi atMt Lfao 
«y« at lb* gvmlrmrD ftugtiinot. #1 lh**« dttaJK tbty will drabt- 
liudoui itiif justim Th* LiMory or m bailie nnDDt br truth- 
fully w rit ton frvra Ihc- Hift stand -paiitl of ■fij* oti* uio, ml [bough 
pnwepl in ibfr e&£4g*taciit. ]( ik ijui.', 1 Jii-rirlrjiv, t-ii ( ii-r bravn 
pirn who composed my rammnnd iWt ibey should be pHifwrij 
plifpd wp«n ih* record. 

Wn do not wish to 1cm«i lb? clp'sn* io which the miaroui 
troop* oF olhtrr w>nnniin<lH arc 1'infilMl, hut kt us multa *uch c^>d- 
IribuUoDh wi the lulur? historian cm work inn> a cuiiLinuuuK n»r- 

tilluo urid do Justin to ill. 

IEk^hv G, Flahsieb, 

jMtt Qstftni* Flanittr'f X. & Battery, 



jiuOaf to Gtntral MagrudiT. M9 



J»nlw to Gewnl Mirrwfcr-Uttrr IW» ■*•* P- ■* 

l&EiiTok Sen Tiiiiw licEToaicvL SorltTY Pamb*: 

1 hnvii Ju»t flushed Colond Taylor - * tatualil* kw«k p Fl F&itr Years 

Willi ({«m>rnt kt," 
Or ]>imo 4t», jn t-hn hiMary of Malvern Hill, il in written; "Con. 

• Idcftibll! ili'lrtj" "4W ri['i-:ini<>iit±J Lti tliC pnr-uil 1MIHI lTl« FlUt that 

th" ^rniinfL tsur, niiU .iiwii in thi- Ci»iili>d«nt« ceraM-ander*. On 
Xk\* o«B*ion tienerfti MagtrnJer Look the wmnjj route, end but t* 
be mulled, tbertby lowrtj: ameb pr«i«m» tira«-"' 

A- gup *r th« peninsula army, j*bI«u Tin tbe r*paUUo& wf G*u- 
ml Ma^rtnkr. t "rile kj MigpMi a corewlpafc ol Lbit *tal*m"l- 
At kmrt. 10 iwmid another mount wbkh we bail of lb* affiur it 
lb* Unt- 
il *V qiidet»t<MHl Vhfh W* kit tbe b»Hl«hftp1d Ol Frtiw'i 

Fsrtu, wbieh we racbrd tie nigti btlhre, titer lbat action* tbrt 

cjul- <n!iMHLil v»k t*J HluVi! to 11 pnjnt hn^l k| Of ■OUlliMML *>f \h« 

poult km it bold ft* tbo tallta of Malvern Ihll, and wa wcm be. 

ptieti/J to ropati Jt bdiorc tbts tfiuruj", We win to tutu E h*i QjMXtt 
nrtd. Unfortunately there w^n; Itt" pulli- ui tl»i*"l imlrn— Jin «b| 
and a iiuw qih>. Wc wtTu (allowing the former, wben Lbo uriumo 
waa lmllkNj. n»cfi flr twit*, without apparent reaaon. Pn.-i«*Qily 
tbe owl of tb* colore n, at wbicb rod* Jkin^rrvj mud Majjmder, 
«n runBteir-marcB<Ml r after *e bad ^du about a ""I*, sod ** 
taroed Id it Cm»'* larai. 

A* 1 **■ ai*Bding nnr fie eoi™*4 ol my r#li«* Bl . «*iT*Tsing 
Kiib bint, a» hJ (1 tbi«A, or General Magr?4]«0 tod* dopjj nr 
Trent, and lb* enlowl a»kcd Lira I be nw«f a| tbw» bait* mJ iia 
MtjnTni-mmK'b. He replied lb»i thrm *n a. rliffcrtncr fli opinioD 
twtarPh GBhenli Lor^wtrccl *nd Xflgmdcr a- U> \h* m*d— Lcnf- 
■Lreol iii«U(inji tbit ve wene goLr^ wpoii^, Uig^udrr tba-t we 
wflrnj i-lifbL, an lii* ffuFJc wsw a mini wlin Imd fmt bunlod ?»nr tbe- 
counlry, itml knuw cvaty foot of h. TltiM qtileled ClaiKirtl Lioivfi- 
atifpuL Lb« l! h»t (into, but b« Mwn bwama 4iK fl i" diriridltBAudj ard 

tljflU G«n»ml Mn^nnU'r naicl lliat III nur dllWL'tittrt Wa4 vhnn^ed 

Gctural [ h r " [r ' -i ni v " - -' l^* order, »nd be, o-J ^ptiiita,, would 

Obfl)-, allb4H|{b hu knew we were rlgbt- 



SouthttA Sitf&ieel Society flaptri, 

homjplT**l turned m bick, uj Ihco we l«l lb* raJnbli linw 
tn wbkh « minht ba^e anticipated ibc ctifmr. J* MigrtJw i*d 
bnti prrmiiitd to pxocttd., perbip* tbf rt might bare been & dif- 
r«»nt moll, at least to our brigade (CgWj'pj, *Wb nnffLTL-d *a 
ICtfOTmfy- I hot fl£Wen<H*n. 

Onasf bi*oM command fnik that It Li but jn*t to "ON Hug." 
and I ho Idvo *to bora him to i^muvti any rwQccM*B iram Lis 
ipiriimrv, liuwcvrf ftHghl; (or it vrnt alwnyn kill lltiit llio General 
aevflr revoked full credit for the «la»(«rly mating in whi^b, ha to 

long (fBttrdcd tb*itw,l flpprWL«b ta RitliitiomJ . 

F. G. HosEaT. 
St. Levttf M*. 



Tht First Maryland Canty, C 8. A. 251 



Tie Pint Murjliuiil CfrTalry. CAA. 

In tbo JIareb, I H7T f num. bfcr *T ibo Shi/A*™ /fikfarfetfl SMtfy 
feptn, paga 13^j Mr, T^ma* 1 Kcttida j\ q<i i CO noinronlionaliy, I am 

Batiefied, Jnil* io do fuLt ja*ti<;ci i>i the- Kim Maryland Caealrjf, C. 

&, A- Tbo impression conwayMt by bis article m tbat lhn Firtt 
Maryland Caralry was not in 6 be Uonfcdenito uerrLce until its 
organisation a* a battalion, in November, 1SG3, A foliar biatory 
of tliiA command will, I am Mire, in^rcat tb^u wLo &urrivc, Ttio 
faota 1 giro a™ from m>' own Knowledge and from my diary, tspt 
daring the fir.n,L two yoara ol IIKS war. 

Butore 1361 iberewfrre organiEod in Howard county, Maryland, 
two cavalry eontpaniea of iron 75 I* 1*0 men wwb, Tbey wero 
imposed of tbo cboiwat material of tbo county In ono com- 
pany Ibcro w*te Aoranleen members of tao Doiraey himilyi ifi tbo 
Qlli.Br company, *JcTea members of lb? H=ifl& family, 'flit- Grab 
company organised waa namud lb* Howard County- Dragoon^ ™i- 
mandsd by Cftpialn Geo. R. Gailbfcr. Bolb companies -were hand- 
aowdy uniformed according to United Stat-rsjirmyrtjjulationSjWflli 
mounted, and fu rubbed by Govorjior Hiek&Tvitb tbo l?Cst eavalry 
Babreo »T»d Cflti'ii roTolvmrr, When tba indignation of tba citizen* 
of Ballimoro burst (orlh at lha appcanmSv, on tbo ISJlb of April, 
IBSl, of a Mnftaaebnictt* rcg""LTfiJti marching thr&bgb her street* 
10 jrtftko war on Hiu Sou|b, tbe Howard, Coutity Drofjwns imma- 
dlately assembled nt Elllcott^ Milln, mid on iIju ncHtdny raarehcd 
int* tba c-tty and placed ibfcmnelvcs under tbr command ol Ge™- 
aral G. II. Kteuarl. This action, and th* aubsequent Iraiebery of 
tiovflrnLjr HirJift, mada it necessary h wban quiot wn* seemingly 
poatorud r n-itber to diflbai*iJ ilia cornpanj' or 1^ mareb Ll South- of 
tbo Potomae- Early in Slay a largn ponton of ibo Dragooufl, 
raoaotcd and ^qsipped,. erpiwed at- Point ol Botrks and rendes' 
vogfrgd at- Leeaburg jii dur Cflplftia KaJihe^ Jitr* ll"> writer joined 
tb*m ilay W, 1801. M tbnl time an affiorl ^b4 made to organiEU 
" tbe Mary]*ndl IjLne." 

Tbia prnpofed o-Tj^mniEnCion fniling, ,c tbe Maryland C»Tnlry," as 
tbo company ^a^^All^fl, i* urcbcd on tbe 13th ol JttrH tu Winobea^ 
twr, and On tbo 17lh united wtlb tbo Cavalry Mgimenl tmd&rCglo* 



£52 fiotilhtm IlisiwKal Society Faptrs. 

nal Ahpd* M<;T>inuld. This. re^iflieht \tm% ordered to liomnay h 

V»„ on Lbc I id Lit oJ Juufr, n'hflru t tie Maryland ftocnpany om:iuii|wd a 
and puricirmcd picket duty mi-il Jidy IStb,, when, owEr^ to itonio 
diLnai inaction wjih the idle lift ilu>y wrm Irrvdin.^, Hie conipnny 
withdrew frora OoJonfrl McDonald 1 * corn in and, and by Forced 
marelte* pla^d itwtl under ihe nirnm^ntl of CoIoilu] J p 1J. B. 
StUart, and LeCAmp Cuinpany K of tbo PJr«t Virginia cavalry; 
doing j*m;Ti excellent service during her connection wkh tnia 
famous, regiment, Mint nl Efic retreat from Mannum* Colonel Flit.* 
hitgh Luesind, ll Givc me lLi> Maryland company and tine- hundnd 
other men, and I bill tut-p McClclian bafk u rantith longer." 

The tympany readied Uilpiil-miuj cm the ni^ht^f the 2fttb Joly, 
and parcicipuiud in that memorable baiiL* of the 21 al. About iba 
£fUh <hf JjiIVj near Fjurfiix CiniriboLise, tbe com fan j- wtp* (or the 
Crat Li mo Ittntortd ii» Lho Co indsderqlq State* Aritiy, a*d an elec- 
tor ol offit*rtf wjis btlJ, remitting a^ iuIIuwm: Grorgu H, Gaither, 
captain; tjeorgo Howard, Sm I kiitcnaul ; Thomas « L-iftHH, mjeord 
lieutenant. A:i well art 1 fan r+meinbL'r, the tympany numbered 
fifty members rank am] file, 

Before the an? year for whigh this* enmpany had onlialed had 
axjilrcd tbe tiiiiL- uf enlistment waa nnau!rii£iu;(y ex Minded lo two 
year* more, or (Artff y ear* Iroui lbo dafe or first enlutmtsnt (Sluy, 
ISGi^ During- ibinj year the-re bad b^uq various changca arnun jr 
the officers; Corjk>raln. Brown nod Bond bud rmfb risim U) lbo 
grade o1 ecrgt-nnl, and than lo Erst and Kiwood EiculenauL 

Or Saturday, .April £6,, 16G3, a new eleeiion occurred in the 
cfltujjutijj rotmlting hi the. re-election &f George R. tinitbcr, eap- 
latn, and the election ol tf. ^V. Doi*^ 1 , Jim.t Ijc-uLcdaot] ft\ Hobba, 
Wtuiid liculemani; W. CL-*i] p ibinE liuiileiiahi. TJiu name day tbe 
niin mri I y of ilurty-oiia u*rt h juiiiiiaqL io OuEooo'l Kitfliti^L L^t, 
aad aha to Gcatrul Cevrgfl II. Bteuart, by Jqmu^ Clartj asking to 
br tranhfiirrcd a^ cavalry lo Ui« "lb? ilarylaiid Line." Th<; reimlt 
lb llnifl nowd in my diaiy: ■' Monday, 5, lS f 'CS,— t'ompnny (o be 
mustered out ai\ VTudnwiUiy ; Com pan} 1 Q (iba tit Iv a««omcd by 
tlia nMiinrjiy, in josl raibcr,} ia ip bo tran-Bferred to-morrow. 
TuoBday. B, 13, J 63.^Licatenfli>L Bond L-L'tai-iicd irnm Ricliniond; 
Cn-mnqaj- Q tr*TiHJej-rcd and mpvfl towards Riclnnond; Company 

it diitliargWl." Thlf HOSt moifvnfient Of Cum jkh n j- Q ia rt;t;iirdi;d 

in Go'dMborougL'a Hiato^y ri( iUl- SJsvyland Litae t p. 19T, On tbe 



Thf JM Merj/bmt frraby, C & A. S&3 

1Mb d* Mny, 19(1,. <Tfaqr*d»f >, cighlMii of ib# thiny-on* a*wnv 
bUd at Kicb-mfthd pad or^dfiiud Compan* A, the tmclru* of tb* 
Pir»l Marylnnd «i.T»lry ■ ami the rullnwin^ o(Be*r" were rl«t^i 
t'lifiliiiii, tii'l^'lvV Brui*n; EV-L f ■imnr, FYii'ik A. ESoiid; 

Si-f-unnl I,|fiiHfriinit. T bo-ma* (jriffllh; Third L.ic-g[«nnnl, J*rm L * A, 
Yeolh* Pu*. Tht nubnw|iiijiii bi»torjf ud t hi* a&mpdny ih Already 
rMOnlnl by Miyor Uold^orcmub. 

During iu ponneutl n with I lie Kirnl Vlr^ini* Cavalry it won 
for itM'H" 41 ropiriminn for luiii'cry ami IilIC hi lul i^« M in ilii* ]iei-ftHTrt. 
aneu oi duty nccond Lo new*. Oviny lo H« nmlwiaL ■■id ^xcHlent 
wjuipiTifin, it tr»" irtMjnciiiliy c»IJbJ upku 14 dit eiindely; wu 
In ill lb* tnrouLtara *• kb lb* CQ«my in whkb lb* Fi-rrt Virginia 

CnT«liy wpp Tfifjagr*!, frum the flr»I bpUle uf HpfaUt** lO the 

(Btt'tf riti>: -"Si ■ l" ibf pVapMy hi :ur iVnir.niA 

li i« « jmt tribute to ibe belared Culobel ftidjfrlej Brown, who 
wu kULtd while gallantly biding til* ton ro«p4 in p rktdfiwiu 
rlmr^*, June l h I5&I, ncsr tb« Suitih A tint, lo nolLca that, Irom 
ibo dny Jip EnuL entered llnj company *m m priTjmj, he won and 
nlatnad lbs confidem;* iud lore dI bin oontnidee. Ilia frlthJul 
devciliuii. In bin dutke tia a uoldior won Jor jmn, hm» by nlob, ibe 
[wpitlfltii liu luild— Bft-CO^joirt*l 1 ,HL'i , | 11 'i'*iH 1 llwilenanl^ explain, major, 
pnd llpiiiPniLiil tHjIoni:!. And lh« earns trJblale Is ju*lly duo Id bit 
breve ftf-llitw-in arme, CdO"»rl Frank A, JIdihI, wlio pIbo entered 
the ranfcp a* p pni'iie, and filled each grade qI ratik wUhin ib& 
gilt of hbt wmmand, 

krowKMnth, Pa. t JnJjr 4, 1ST7. 



Historical &<vty Riper*. 



EDITORIAL PAHAGHAPES. 



"TNfcCfeprKfiKliMMlIaiiJ!" il CI»|-k*Liin F & 0,, it UlutUia wl^ch 

<m» Kit .■ JitJ ^[XTLiinitj cf Tliltlnj Hn«m1 Uitim forftilly, and wbkli ttauld 
Mtnmind th» w#rtn 'fminllic*, ftrw*m f ptjwi, nn4 ISbiml *™ir Lire (jam of 
|KillMiltiMf.l*1» ex^nb-w-hcTe. 

Srt lnsBtf afttr |h* <bt* cflbfiuu ttttyell*. dm|i4 Srort, Cwoliu 
«nMH dllMlied I*«UUUH "H4II" taw |fc* rib* **| AMtfklan of 
OmMwm* foMWrs wk> pi* **Lr llm «r «r* ilabM 1b tfc* (*„ *f 
•■■Am 1 ■ lif 1 1 tin . A coairftatk* *f f I. ■*Ji %f ■ pow iMw.u 

laaub «f * " Ifc-w" is BahiBOf*, in Oto phiII fctftatihi of Iku uUf 
tbullj; b*ft*¥*lwtjnflm i inJ oibl* Vd 4»» twfc bold *f lUfntapria; 
A WUtag, unn th* Imdcrfg twDrt af ChirUiuh, Mad iT-rrr *a/ usiufcCe for 

Ibf ^fpow, «u ranted (th* jxrr^ecEw of ill* ifbitne morl^i[ilpi^ W prfTite 
pn*|wr f y u plil|* far p*Jfn»ttt *(* th* nn:>, id J bvu »Jrj» b*tn punluud; 
inil ih* fotfrprlH Lu iu«***l<d h^dni ihn mint Nwguln* BiptflUti»nji of I La 
[Hindi, 

Trm Jftmi li imduF lli« rn»ni£*™nt of * '■ Uoird of OntM; ' nnmllrtijj, at 
LhlTlOun, Itdin. ildhl bjr ih* iJvLrt ind ctmriJcL irf » ■> carntiaEnfri '* Ami liny 
AuudiUoti,'" compuad of irimip'1 wtrnlwr*, whii ^ $3(1 per ignun, and |bf« 
Bwtolwn. -who ptjr BOO. TlltM >r« tw* Is Lbn Jlortifi i-xmlr-thr*, ** r h*u 
d*njttvt-Ti sr DiiMimt HWtrt, Md iblrijMU Cwhtoii* Tridft«. Tim 
■mm i« »u*LiLn*4 Hi M flBHkt axpaadifan *f |||H #6.000, i«d it snort 

« ■ .itci.ii'Iy *r,S Jiiditrir-^H Si»b-.»£<rj -t, ),:: . ,f it* .3r[.»r(nr r-'.f 

A **Lb iJuwjj-1, in? «JI-reaiil4Ud -ai "-'" J ^ t - t j- ^ -j 1 r::LJl. > papieU 
tb» wttJI-^lKHplNvpl Mid irTCUu£kl uboi.Md u #iuBlhiJI<>4 Eblo Uw pluu 
■ad Ihi pwil HWtUiDl vl tfcc iartilnkMHi. w« uq«/4#nL L> ^hhH^k un r 

*»flf lA* * Mvia *t4 »r,Iigi(ea*d i<-il with wbkh Ut# tffitn of cb* B«m< 

ka K vhtHd II bi iddU rj,1t»feH*if Ll^nl cnnlrlbutUnH fc ? h»d befar* mtijn, 
Aiifl, iUP»]jf B iit InrtlUH.'iDci wlilsli Li «nJ«itvariitK k> (ill II II In [uri Ldr [>led^ 
w» rn.Jt. nut br«V* ivldian whrn ttBj warn V 111* fr-jnl— 1„ r^y * ,m±\\ part 
of Ehnriyfat WQdWtllltuen who <i\td for ut—^^ IwwimniiinJ 1>i# obwribl 
lliJf or war/ |ruf hi cf thn 5<WKh wild J» Eiul wIIIihk |a rfjindiBl* Ilia D|.>t 
ifrrrwt obHg illnni. 

Mr»- II, A, Snewdnn, PMudViii, a* Hk J. A. Adjpr, lOrrttpohdinE Sec- 
»l*rj. «*m3Gj Hki plMMKin M-miiiiiiltiUJis »i1h inr ifi>« df*lnt.g Fmrlber 
lB.tuitu»iii7ti rx>n«rninj lii Hear*. 



Ejumta *r* trail l m a ny fat at** wto <twpi liko vat latt b« wbicb 

In (Uq«f*l flu. [**-+ ITSkl*, ptg* !&■ flw**** ft***, farta Ihe teflrt*], 
-oetiip:.4" ihiniui ru4 wk^U Un a*f* IA, I a 4 14*1 flf "OmTtut Wptf* 

hi, M*uV'i Ctilaf ef ArUH**}'.' 1 k ih«iU r**4 t*A*/ 1/ Jt-s-R^rj. Pm* ta i. 
■'*u*Wi*J#J'' tlh.julJ r**d ll «iuJi(d;" *.n.d ^n uuli paf** |n»t*a4 of aitakti 
X Didn't kip>poLnt r Itihoubd bo " utttatfat. - 



*' TltB AkCKin lIVRRAV '' tX IVaitlp-jfloni hu PM-HfJ, from lime- 1o time, 
i,.r..,.|. r ,i|. p. .-,:i-.| h\.f ■. rll» l!-.-iI.-. LiiSrh.L T..lih,' UVI i I'm ..t,- | f.-w , 

lU owwhail eutfjtarB,** hi" only wired to ilinj^n ibi arijmiti? if [hot* 
iMMWHed in vim]] matter*, ud 14 M*4(* |b««a ill Hi* »'»* inxiiiu ta liana 
*rt*p* I* Hi* rich tVrtivf EMUfftal *»» <i* tmlu*+ hkiUrr is wblrii ilicrci-nuim. 
A Bin IHanl **+ri* I***** fc» |«nfl ■Hit Um pnt-rnl Srrtrlafj rf War, afea 
Ha»tf«ir fHllL fc*r* neanily ben iH««^ l» Iftwpfrl import* a! >*=<*. 
Mife. || till*. Ill* oalnfie of awfif mc l*j*t* 4 ir aa na |> |ntb*4 ay |» Ottdfei* 
anlH. aiud uf«a to •nrj writer ™ Ik* cfbf* j44* wfc* adgjM 4a*m to dfim 
ouj Iwlin -r Miifj oar hijlMT', i*t fcataaa* af pttwal %a all rlgbr-lbinbiing 
nun that th«n ban bMndeaii^^M ****** hai n"r b**n ilcnled to inj Mikcr 
■fbir Mi Mi* Lc traCh, till WuTiIb^Lhi fW( of Kirch L-t pnolUhtil what pof- 
pfiKvl (« b* in " lh(*tvt«w " r of on* o[ 11* r*-|nvfl"»« will) A^itlAn»U>>oinU 
TifWhJflhd, lit a-hlrfl ha drniu Uial ur«H I* r*fuMi| H> ■ ** iftvg W thn*t wlm 
BliprtH III* 11l#in In jiroiBculina; hUn eklm* *g«'«>il 111* flomnBicnit j ind 4 
wlillf Ikd* l» not dfillrjcttj Ha[i.tl, ll li itHiiLjjIv liillinilro llial Hi1* ,1-a* aivnyi 
•tatt fttt t-ulf nf tie Btparipomt, Kf", ■•■will 1U1 Gcnmli Towni*iid the ju»- 
|Ipa \n b* LI* vii |Kit lbs rzpvTltt mlir*)ir*»ntiJ liim, or *1h EhiE hi it p4rt6&* 
ally ipBuTJtBl of wlial tii rt*~jrp±J 3D H-frnnw 1w iHnn arcliirf*, Al *U 
•TfLli, ■» acid HMln rr*t* ,,nfl m F™* taftH* a*j Cair Miboti*,! I**4 6*a- 
•fal IILM Iri?* Is **]n to p* an*M lu tli 4i«ti hntl* l*]uru iT.d *tH 
twtarat; |h*4 Otfirtnl E. P 1<>u»Jm, U-ii**l fa Allan, CoWod Ch±iU* 
Kinbill, tad a a inter rf Wiinl* patkn** ban bwa rtfatcd tb* 
friTlkft •€ H*i>( papn* wfcl^a thtj ■i*b*d fcr f •n'ly bwlurpcal aaiy lit ; 
tktl tb* Ki«tvUt^ D»j*ttaicoi of klw Suit >if Viriknia fca* b«rt nrft^r 
hrfbawl MKfwn> b*,T| tufied iti dtb rcroftU, wblf i> w*t» Mind. .bJ **jtw£ 
off aft>r |li» rtiptur* irf SkbnHDil i thai <Wvarnur Vin», uf North Carolina, 
bat lint] r*ta**4 im*u to hif «wo M4*f-boobi to Jlinron ^faarps mad* 
afdlnrt him (Wim (irblri eHrtf H ^ ilQ** lattsn TuTRlibwl Ti^ lJit Depart- 
ttimiL ; mil LhiE, In a ngyiWr of jsiilM.net*, Ifann lim liMn llili w*ni lahfiiir 11H 
of Ihi-in nr.'blvni 

Hul Iha cnrM*p*lnl*nfiJ b*TWMTi our J*mlolT pi>iJ 111* Wit Dr;r'*rLmni\t 
«.LLl 1* 1 lit. whn.lf iTLilLtr DCTDnd con Lrt"**r»y, Tbili ™rr*jw*iff; l«* *»t m*-ng- 
uralfl Ly J**crrt*ry Belknap •■'(t ■ vk-w h.!T uli-i.jiiinj; i^rb t"nf*«**r*.l* 
4wuinn>nil«. M7HITE", 4bh, H war* crfii la Lb* E-ur**ui at WaibLtif-l^ni. Tb« 
' of tan SoriHy pru*r,plJjf nmijtiBiaa, and ••>***] fr **** ii* ^fi*rt- 



&UtAfra UlihwiMt SeXiitof Pbpftt, 



in rif\ **f i «ptci flf auJi 4unBi*A dt 4f i i rfrf . TUf tn* refuted, 
4* lb* p w i ikml Ar D*j*rtM**t JU># mr *H**mt *my w wp*ra 1/ thw 

f*nW», mm* mtd **( rfo to. A funlW i^tn-H p«irnj*ni^ *Mfa lb* &Bf«rUttrnt 
diiNfiE S»r*^UirJ ton,. Cameron"* umlnklrttltin i#flliwd HI An futtfeer c«nm- 
Hint, dinfil lliu tftmhful jjdb of hiving d*dWjd#| M«ti H Jdoh u C w^m i 
drim ifai publ killon of Lbe ArcblT*. 



SODTHERN HISTORICAL SOCIETY PAPERS. 



Vol. Y. Richmond, Vn., Juul\ 1STS. Nv. G, 



Grnrwil Lflne-xl.rM't'j SMsOtttt VtptfT Ml toUjr&bolTg-. 

W« nguin J«|»nrL fro in our gcnoral rule *£aiiia-t copying article* 
whi-eb are published in older jiprLuiJiculM, in nrdur Unit tfo may 
jjivn CjkjultjlL Lunjptlrtat tbo fulltat opportunity of pulling <m 
TfSQrd. liia riewa concerning GflUyaburg, Wo published Tor tba 
flrat time bis -official T*porJ.; m> bap* piihliabud a. numhiir of tbo 
rqpOriH d guLkBL ofllccru belonging U) fai4 c*rps; and wo bare 
published lcttar$ frflrfi liiri division commander, Genera] Hood,, and 
hi* »rtiU*rj iM>rumaTirJcir*. Gujnornl R- I 1 - Al^xniiLil fcr nnd Catond J. 
B. Waiton-, bcVJ^n luJt own narratives in tlbo Philadelphia. Times. 
Wo ngtf copy froio the. .Tim« hia second pnpur; 

I i.[Q inducrf to pi*p*rfl»Ti *f LldC nin thn e*.mp±i£n of QeLlyiljDtgi, *uppl*- 
Hiaotur 1* tne nme llwL *pp**T*d krv ih« wJuniD* of jour paper lonin wtfUt 
■£<», 1lial I mnv CQ-TWrt tamo ilicjhL trnti of print or iTHDKrijiSinn Ebil 
occurred in lh»t ft*|>Ofi iliil I co*.v mike iodic HJdiLiontl itntcmtcid, torbid- 
ion. in mv flf*t p*f™r Ij t«™ dJ it* l+nplt; [but I Bfrv <^rr*cl»s ippAK.cn 
LhJuHKm L« » veij wmtbf oScar^ ind, Jitt and lt**t, tti m»kt Mime *lLiL*lon." 
to ih* bU-fl*1iJT&d and iplunttie Klschl. pjwwiftd bj (in paper from ucHaln 
w<mty (vldl*H- 1 prepared raj Urn pnp#r *bh jftnuicc rcl-acEaTicc. li wu 
hfrMgbtlnto (ihtanx* hj the rrqiuML of th» *dHo<T -of the STitttfj and the peti- 
tion of tbn Coratq Ju FriFi*, in *h!tl| to publicly kDnnuoccd bii inability Iti 
tuUl« d*nniioiyf*Tt»ln poiaCt of tintl i-ltAi^i^R, irnl utctJ the iurTivin£ Uun- 
ftforM* jfflMM ta civn tbn IbrorJ H-siJ (b<i d*t»IL at the- inriuiwi frvtti tbedt 
paint of tidw. ]L wu jutdflcdjA Hi? t" mind, by the- reflecEiun tiitl Iwu, 
[*TSi*pi, Ihfl only ptrwji livth-B' tvb^-wuld ciplnin ITie motif of ibm rflmpmign 
■nd Lh* Itwc r(***n» qP i".* 1hLLiim>. IL tu nude Drsccnarj- bj ;lic fnc( Lhl( 4jI" 
BmACcurr hliL-UTl*il*i (brgugh mLunpraluniioD or mniievi kitd iChTE/ All 5*0t 
TK4g, 1«4J 1lM«ky imp«MrHTii*J thn plan »nJ r 0T^««« of tba.1 Ijimi - ■■ ■:■ . : n .» - 
i^fj sad mlutatcd it* f*cL*, ind diiUi^c** Lti FupoaiibiliCiu. The Qnnnl* do 



258 SifUlhfrn Historical Society Papers 

Unfit *flit Hit gfiKral hinariftu, IimI Ibcy relied upon, lJicia rtMtflHflnr, Eriile*d 
of IndJBtg 111* EBiit *o1«Efoni «f ".>iii. thb srrnt problem of ihf wisr, would Si»t» 
PiAd ll iftt<i|y*d 111 filer* profound ibwuriEy. 

Ill tiky flr^.[ *niij]h 1 <]&J*r*3 tbnl lliu I n vn-ion- uf rcGrjiytairjEa vq * IWF*- 
HfUBl (bit Qt-?i0r»L L^ anil li'ii (iVjBfU. ughwd illoiild In dcffliuLv* in LMtkt, 
mblla. of wufw. It wu offrrulva En Urattgy ■ lHme th* cmnpaifn vai cmi- 
du*1*d on tfcti plan udELL wo bid l*il Ch*mb»rtln>rff, whwi^ owing ta tlie 
atttiw* of our cavalry, and ou-MMJDKflacrjr. igmifiriMi of tr. n enemja wbrre- 
abmiEr-, wc collided with Efarm uiicxpecl*j!ly , and fti*, Oth.tr»l Lcr bin J ]»! 
1li* milch In* cquiponic- 1naL umiak cbninciicriiwd hlni, a n-:l ihronph eicile- 
merit and Lhn donlE thai crarolopod Lhc- enemy 'i irutTOmoBH, cbrllgfti lKd 
irliol* iilnd -nf tb.0 nirtplii,c.ni sivd ck-lifcred a ballln nnJtr am I ji mil C-It4UIHt 
HantM- T dfdared: ihit thfi h*Ul* of Hi* 33 ni nn! lost Ibraugh the tardl- 
f.(*i of Jlnt Pint turpi, but t nriHtjjh 111* ftiSiirt of die- [rooju ord^rr^ (a 
M-*J*flratchi-do*a] ihnL theia %*• no order ewtr hi Mi (J for a-i«nirii*a1lB*k[ that 
ura i-jt-h J'tJit ranld have been i.'iacJ, acid Ibil the Firtt Wrjii LtaaLd net ptw- 
libly baro cl1uk«d uHluL limr: Ehn1 wbn it did! attM-k I Ls imivi'mom w*j 
*H.kfned. lij 1 lhn ■£erHlgO-i»il?ri(--v1' llie HliTwLing trifid*. of fiifijwiTt undtP 0*n-> 
crit WFpHX, unit wa* rend#r«1 hoprlvft hjf lIw f»i3i*ra of Kwotl'i carpi to^o- 
opcrala, ill line ®f biLtk hiving bfvn brotttn llirwiph Lho ndTico of fi#n«*l 
J5arlf,*rn3 thai. In Ehii attack HW'e a-iiI. MoLa^r' diTiiioiu did tbn btftt 
flgCilk^ -3v*,rdonp on any fold, and enttKuitorfli niij Jrtfxfr b«li virtually Iba 
■wtrtte of ill* Armj cf Eba Potomac-. I lirfd ihnL tK-c n'M'1*k*i of Lhn Gctc^i. 
biiT^; i.-in-.T'iirn , f«tc; 

Vini Elin cbniigl) t>T Ehrt 4r[^iinl plan nf ihe cjrijtiiljfi-, whii-h **s (i> 44 
diihohyfv Dp 14 fem LUf F«lrtnl» t* nLUrk iu : vrivni. Hi ft L if tbn JiIhh «u 
(4 bBTC bevn t-li*-ng«4 *l *H tt ttvould liriVt b*en ilonu nL Bnr.d.v SiMiMi, nt*t 
OilIjhjcmt C*UTlh«il» F wbijn wij c^nU h(iv* M»ijy;hl Ifw^cr in drLnil »n.l prot- 
nUy hMt-C cTlwl"^ bli»mi/j third. Lint pHuiatl ibontd n^vcr kit-o b**n p«- 
miLtad tfr t**v* tile-main phhiIc- of rrurch. *nd (bi» vnd wr *ffitf into Lhn 
enctnv^ ^■iiiiItt without caviItj fn» mrnifimPMncti or i'n^p.L-i :■■; piirpwiM; 
rivjtih, ctikE Lb* erU*tilJ!g Mi'lA klHlkECJ on the ndTiram of Lhc fi-dtril itdit 
in tli* cuhjh! #nt«iTI(*T of (bij lit tt WiMtnJgbby't Kun. should biva t+cn 
puilicd Hi rrEEttftMra. <Ji*t 1)^*18116 (umSibEEtj «n« of III* IV» oppwEunilio* 
Cit*t l"urQl*fcifd foE- "[wnjijU [hH-ivkU ": *fth, |ba |Frht *(rfirld hump bGr- «t^ 
-|*d nmmmii Irt M^df. 1 * TtphL *<nl map *Pi ih* Piltlit uf (bo lrt n and plac+d 
l«Ew«n h i-rii. *nd hi* ctnitpil, md th.11* fopcwl him yn nt1*«k hi, *■ h« ccrLiialj 
inTcrjdfd itoEny; *islli. when 1 illacltcd Ilia- rin^ni^'i left, fin lhn 3J, Sir* 1 3 
■ bmrd bfrvf miiTiil nl once- ic;ii.n*t bii ri^Ti*. nnd [III) lOioulit htvc vhtttitntfi 
blj craE», Bad. [bull pr4T«nkJ M C4HnnEraEl4ti 4f (Tic irliok Fcdcril army at 
tli* point I wit uuulilrig | wvunjb, en. U19 trwE-fi Ing «f (Im -&J we ^bnuld jlilt 
barn m*v*tl 14 (be Pifbl, an J rn±nw.ivf«d (b« K*doE*l* inE* ULukina; 01; 
acL'tith, Lhn niMiilL by l*5ukcLt r on (lie id, jbnuld nETC? hav* b**n nbiijte, u k 
tiiolj r.iit hiv^ iiiocwdod by any poni'bln prodigy of coutljc; or U#lJn>, Wnuf 
abiolutrily a bapelcatv aUauLLi 



Tim B*flfc of ttrtyffjn?, 2j» 

ft**p*4*«P T myparm with tb* uil putkwUr pnjrf. Jf<il i dftf h <n» 
of lb*** h«* fc*«i «de4rin<-tftJ. TW ti«ifc of a <*«f '* Strt, *r lb* earnrtaen 

•f * tbt|f,l* opinion lil<l 4LuVb Lb thil utieb, hu KM b-*» *9I*«ht*iL T«y 
h* of th»m hup* b#pn quticuBKt — bobb of Ihttn flwpllir'fwn. I bin been. 
■uhjpvlnl tn • Iwnl and inwlwrenl mphIC htt by tvfhla jjwitliintii wbaM 
HhiI* 1 pfltrptita ct~ mhrrpmi6[3Eini£ frtjf IWiri b*i hmidi* nulii'luiii, Mid ttfr 
4fii|i.il Iff a hw <"|bpt* *hf= lu|li:-w ibHiUjfh I pjnori.ni* i*r Innvocnne*. Wiihn-ul 
pK>t-**Jirin il I rr<<-LLjr i.£j»lTi*E Ebn enr-nLUI j'»rl' r>T mjr n»rr»Ll ?■!, Lhry ii]i» a 
rtiriknf Hit ■■hjryllAi} t-Jli 4*h<*1. On* of Ehe i?hl*f <■!# m»rili nf lliji lora-lom 
WH f*'* 1^ Imifjit In 1k* fȣ| Ehil, filing to vajnilf v-etlfied In Ihe JiGaioriblii 
wrloi fit my HnrilfT, which hHTE vlrEiuLk [-■hFi-Ij-m*] mr Tlr/lH prrp pud 
uh II ■mpopillilr' Fnr me lo Write, Mv* iimlir |-*m mJ H»M.r*Jnl, I hivr b**n 
(h>ai |^U«j In, tKfi pTTp»r»(><i|= f>l* "*-J iJllebs ta hf<*|iL lb* mct-Lc* esT m piofa- 
•Uiiil wrlmr, jE+st^nrt!* it-hltrtd m* by 111* rdltor of lb* Tl^n*. L'ptra racb 
tPltaf nmli h thbf 4e» bi tNinltf rwrw* U baiU iMrf bJrtvHe* tsd 
*J*«4 ■njift* H»*ill '1| l fa JU mm pillhl >j*i Jttjpw*ff»L 

l*p Inl palfr| 0*1 ftllTlll jHlMlioa h lb* MUb" IF frUT** 4* Hpct *M» 

HfBfiid (*t •■* Qtilpharg, snp^i. 1* mr- ifil ink hi I #*thft*d lb** «■ 

1*4 «,«» In&fitTr arvd (Ik Fnfmll *%«»* *»H*? i|»Tl«C. *JTl4+f, th-t |1um 
«?*■ |b« blabnt ip»n of ror ft**** **i lb* liiw«i( ftf thnlM. fttucnJ R. R. 
IlkwH, In M-HnmonLin^DU EhM *i|5*nic-, i|U*BP^J wllli It iiju.il* wiilhljr. Th* 
IHklB p.-.ln L 1hai ha niifcc" f* t* i|as» frvwft *wl n ^n r t » Af m m at Lhe PoEihiuk ' ' 
lh« folli>^lns{ (iprnitm-pll ([>*j^ SIO): "Th* nunibfir *if infinlrr jirrarul Ibr 
duijf kn Lm'> irmj m tbi Utt af Miy, ]B£3, km imwIwJj fffl^Eii; I Iran 

I l , i , >.•■■ , I I- ; !■ ■>■■ 'hllC 1. Il' ri i .'■■■■ I'U ■■'-( ■>■ W' ■• ■'■ '"■■'r,!-!^. il n m . I'Ii:li i- 

Imm liurij. 111* ni^rtilniif rop^rt thawed 47, Wd Wy>>fi*i«, 4f nbnV* WKWW 4f t.11 

IMHk" Tlili l1»lrIllMlt Ik CTrtlJllly "t]il« il , kn|| (li«r«< «hfi ilbirFf ]ili-hf LH Oil 

lli* ho" 4if il tbil (braid birr »l:,i-1 « nJuitUui inJ v4|aMi vrtter BhjE Eo 
unrl It: Pint, »nj- rtw Pt pI5 fmmlllir vibb Ebi hhJnfT •*" ■■■■ emuupi, or 
»M Upp Mwdlnje p*i*WHjf J4n mmt biTfl k>m IbM lb* Ibrw Earp* nf «*• 
«r«qr ww* *tt*r " E'n[rr*~ "-* «l ChaHbmbar*; " *E ill : mmd, is i* ~tU 
faw«> ib*l *bt MpalutiM ipn *T.ft» ba jtifcli -«W ••*• i*<«l««i « 
Imhalry btc^ alua* of "»f*i »,0»,'" >n4 [hw ba**> Wft If* nmli *0 Ibfl 
■iiawl* Ibat Mr. SvinEoa unihi to t*i* *»# lb* ■***#* *ffp* <f |b» Uf Tiet 

If OphtbI Diwn D*d EutbfftJ SfiBlon'J MFialLm* «IchLj fa* boa Ijbtu 
ijtk»rfr*i| Ebn( Ii^pc 3ft5j be iijj: ■ 'Gem-ril L«i r i ai(r*(»lti Ecrcv prrwHTt 
far Juty Hi#i |Em |ti| irf M»j, ISjIS, ni e*i«J ' ' Th*** »rt lh* p"^** ^t** 
Lli*,k b* pjIvh^i tin pign 310 u lilt ig|;nKRl* «f lb" Inhtiiry *|bn«, Vy Inftr- 
nhillihn up^n. thl* nubj^t *u la'kcn friiln ()p*ibf»I l*r*.> ni»h ItEii. He ***•- 
maloJ hi* fornt! En- br, Hncludlng tit* dtlfrdliflflil* thkt wnilld Jm^Fi Hoi nj Eho 
hn**ph h *i trhdn nvtt TO 1 - WO Un lli** IK'Lb of Jilmp, »f Lhn lit trf Juljr, ha «4i» 
BL»t*J Mi Infill try ii ^OOfl bijMi»t*. If Mr. KwlnL-iri rotciTfd my iiLFjt> 
biiIUtv frimi m* u[*n tb« wbjocL Em r«»H*J Hip*, f-ir It w** ill Ebnt I h*4, 
Hun 1 bir* ira*i ill*- rejwrt ef |b« A^J^l~tn-*inr.rr*.l nf Lhf Ai-tn* af Jlarii- 
*** Vlrffibb, l»b*l^ puHi*l"J P I *■ Lulii*l is bill*** Ok*l <**±n>«J Lm 



£50 Ehuthcnt Ili&foriMil Society Ripfrt. 

InttaOfd in hit tiiimato two brigade* ef Pickett^ dfrbtcn (J«nkW and: 
OdrW't) wbkTi were, trfl in Vipjflnli, or Hfttd ether deLacbtricnh mnda during 
ih* rn*f^h. If ibi* iurmiw i* ctanci, \\ w^td unfa; tbn total StfiirM <Hir^d- 
epihljr ]ui (ban ] tfc** ibcrn, ] urn ctrUiii ihe h*E itrength of Ml UrTnJ 
«H1B9t gft ibfrrc lilt nunUr filv*n Lrt in.y [Irrf arLicIc. Ap n> (!ie itreincjll] of 
Goftflrr,l MtndAli arrrsj,. J like faEi q-mj, Jtau-iiirriL f« that. In hi* cTtd*n« 
|aJt*n bflfcKi tK* torammre dd Uii Coitdma of Etc War frujso 331 «f ifatlr 
Mrwrt) h* aayr: <■ My iLrMisub WU ft liLLld under IflOvW^jjHJtwHy fl&jOM 
TrtHl." 1 tried in raj nirralirt. Ih* fow^i flgurei that be (aY*. In jirinlinjf 
(h^»rtk)iHm rnnde to rtpiTar :b»l M«»do Jlnd 65,000 LnfrntTj, It •bouM 
1ut« Wl> SCvflWJ men. Th:i murb u U* Lhf cMinpiralrve ilrcnifLh nf ;li* ^^r^, 
armies. It ii l,hn tr«(h b fetid will iland u hiuor-y itial Al*ad*'j irmv wm 
ntarlj- douhle that of Le«\ 

In my Grit artkla I i:!*iCii*h.E eIia! mj itoo|w fongfaL an. raHraOrdLnary- hallta 
On Ifcw 2d. I bKcltd thai my 1 3^00 men t| rinally chirped *g*l a*E tA* ^hrin 
F*dot*[ *rmy, racounlwcd. n*iriy flJ^JOO *f Lp-d enemy, ind bro^r- |]nt ifer 
]inn of frtrMh lwj», unfit at leneth, aftnr thr«i taun of Efac b«l flfcpisthj 
ever don*, thny, foiled (fermfelrw in a ffelfM I too*!" bitlln ehaTjtlnjj UO 
Fcdarali irjrrorK-heo", An**»d fln Ceni*!ery Ridjjt*. Then, ■wbra cat-LhljJ -etf 
IsALr numt+r lij In, t(uHr bloodj tracl, dead or wuunded, ind they woe* 
«tp<»rd in front ind j1*iA ^3 \ n o-prrwhjeilrning At*, ind 1n<ir iiipfKitllng 
bN^*JI^ had pant utcaf, ±a,\, LhorA wai no ±ljfn of frtttivfr w itratfjie 
**-*pr*ll^h ftmn IbEbr ccniT*Jw r I OifJ^fftd Ebcm 1o wS^bdraw [^ iht jKHch 
o«h*rd inat T^f>- h.nil wnaLtd fpi>:n cfcii Thi^l qroqi* airly in (}.o oil^priiiiiiit. 
Thiiclaim hi* V«ti MvfTclyrriticljod. ]L«tn t»**l*blii.hcrl hj (bo l«*LliiMinj 
cf cn-ry bannl *^i! w#]3.i n r<.irm[J m.in wbn. u-pj 3 n tl>i( bitttt. II uL I reljHt 
fcr mjr praoJ n]win tHfl oAuf«l nport of GfGflraL McrnJo h:mi+]f. IU [»»*« 
Lni* urort, Si * ill b+ iijqii> mWrri, lliinkir^ LhiL (ho wild* <a jxriicr rnn of 
LtG'r. *rmj had cbuptd hli t*»l[|im In Ehr afttmo*in ^p^ r,h.A ^il. Bo uyi: 

'■TliA Third cbtm r*«Lv<id ^e- thock. mwl henilfalU, Tr**« iVmn tht 
Sroond -aierrj ant liy Sij^iir.fJentnil ]f»nco#l( (o ftjvtf it* irghi dnnli *j |.a* 
ThiM CSf^if *»d wtm an*i the u«*uH ™r7iin*nwd. * * ■ TW Fillb 
torw nvwE. Cnrtunatrly Birknt JrtiL whA j-.iwiiiun on lliar Uft pr il« Third, 
3lii}ar-C3C'neji] AjrJf** ^O-riiiripindlnjr, immcglijtFjIy «rhdSni£ a f^re-; to hhxu|iv 
llo^nd Tfrjj Ktdy^.wne™ inuHl huUm tJ.iBUmt m mamlaiiifrf k (ho #11* mj 
Inifelnj- dwgHTale bul niiiycf fi*^S nUemriU tn ki'uk J(. N'lLifilbplandirjH: 
the xtubWn rcpl>t»rjc« of Eto Third cmrrrt, uilfifr Wiyiir-GcncTaL (fii'ptw 
( MpJ^r-Gtn^j*] Slrlfld hiTins - bt«n wountjod. tirtr in the aiMiMiJ, iu|i«NuTttr 
*F nu.rrit*T *f ™rp« of th.ft fiitniv thpiblirifT him to «i±Lflank Ji* pjdvmcrd poit- 
iJmi.aurieraL Bimcy ih c«lnp«lli-d to fall liok *t<i tthrm bt bind ll a iTevI 
or/lgiinlij dtiStftd e» tw herd . In- Lh* mMrtLl rtvo, f+Td'iiHiDEj Ih* (wal; r-x«lii4n* 
ef Lbr t=icmy. Lbr Siztb corp* (Hal<ii-rOifmTal Sedgwick] *ti& p*rtflf tbr Fir»l 
coirj, 10 -wbih-h J bid *.ipj^r=i-d Mijcr-Uorior.il Mi--* ■ ■- -■■ . f.irLic j'hrlv Liici- 
WiidTi Wij>UnJ briKiJ^i hiftLht-p wi<h dtmduntnN /rojn tba Rcc^rTdi wm, 
w«r* tri^ifril nji *t diff-rent ]ir.rlixii, *n(t jucccodid, 1«ijpHhor *j(b ih? pn^nnE 
r»iiLin» of Lhti Fifth- ei?rg4 h in rJi'Hjki iijt and Snpjlly tOpuHnnc; Ebc tHitilt at 
lb»*jH3ny- * ' * Murine; tfan bcary .+««[[ upoth coir nitran* ]jft, por- 
EiuDurf (lie Twelfth corps wero HRE *l Hanfrworninitt." 



Tkt Battle vf Gttlyriurq, 281 

Ts ***«• 1*+» ip*rife u»| prf tin proaf ilitl m nndatin, 1 mbj rid 

A* NMlH^rfOmnl Uftrf*. rii*. Man lb Coa*»rtM» **> a* CmpIM 
•f At Wat, I* wttieh ba ujn Hptm%} V f vt tfcla bittl* <rf ib* Mu My 
«("■* »l«fc| fii*i* "ii tarn b*ld bj^.lnpjj* bngilaof tkn Tvrlfth <*rp*, 
nniBiiDdvd by b+WMil Gree*." Thin |}|* twp ••rp-'-inff wnr l),K» uib 
{lw*i ddrlahiru &t mjr ftifpi} wrro u MLawi! TblM enfji*, 11,106: Fifth «rp, 
1<". I::>i ; s-- »>'■■=■ | , !"■ I"-; v. ,:,- .. :■. ,,., | r i, r ,.. L ■...,. I.,. Wu.-l * ^1 if.-- 
U*ld triffed*, S.IHW; EdIh.1. 44,442; Tfcfl iKw*n n^um it* |i*Hl foiun lfc« Cpb> 
(r™iL„iniil lUparl, imso 42tk T* (lnn* n^*™ Inml be ftddnt Lho iJutnclunfjiti 
ftuHft Mir hIIitt rwia *niinirri.1*d h^ flhtvuL M wit. A* h« Ei up*, rnirnjfD in 
Xli iUl*if.^n|.. | bare no-Mnifil* 'Jain by wbltll. I ril* tell iirrclptlj wfait 
thate "dfl-ilimrnu '■ wrtr. A* Gcnrnl H**di MttH. ln.*HM-f. lh*t h» tfffl 
feal ■ iinsjl* hngnfc i* parr] fail iitnm right., t.nd ■■ ha hkd at oat Ac 
oWMal rltavber*. H It -w-Bftpbt-j to t u p pi I Uurt tHw t u fcafr carpi ma j bn 
MM M tuaaj h K,HO ran, «4h*# ii*ri ?£*** a f i U WM Fa liJ iboTr. Indeed, ifau 
•JMlHMt tt au4l» In in *31 p»i*htiii v ■ Wi>-> GrfM1*l Midi bcStc-red. acd 
■Hi fMUttkn til btiiMtd, ■! i* ttaprfc bj titatr ewn ma L HiUrMdr. thmi ib* 
■auall bmI* hj my tkaftdfaj rf btw»* •» mllj lb* «n>*l »f ti* whole of 
Ln-'ir imji II It Uit tir Lf+iantr rbro, Eba.1, uM" i>|-,i kjlipf. hr mintd 
♦Tf+^l^kPE Lhjkt ha cuuEd (rt bLi LviblLi on I n f ruiii ih r Lta dim ■. ii^i..-!;. Eg 

■ »jv ii I -p.. h L'. ! I- 1 ■. ■* '■ ■•(- K-- up bo Eft ■■ nlj n ^ 'I.-' ■ l-n.-n-!" ■ -. ': ■ nj-.r 

Sty f..riiirr pi 1 1 i t .j{n. Hifr-'fiiK, "lliit mj lA.UM iiirn n-i| flS.iDUO «ntTi darieg 
Hi* lbl*« brviir-.' ftpliliiid (liai iTif rui>..ji, rr will But Lr B lnniUip,™| nnLlI thi 
npcK Vt dlnpnL Bl««3» and (he iBpjurn ef las 1 Ti>j i ^ <--r« ■ L 1 1 b; n ] Kt|>«rt iblH 
hiV* brrth mfwkhntiwn ; ciinccdrnff, cf courso, (9 lb? Irt'lllilrnl iL-rin^nmL ol (lls- 
toricil iuttn»r(it |.hp' (h? ,L rJcti«;hknttil>" <if aihur por|n wil liifnrJ rariy list 
W* lnH-n pibcU/ "Jft r OI» men. 

It tii» Tirf ir bwn riiimivl iKit ve- m#l thLt LrnSurJi** fntr^ nf l!."i.H.IW trw'p *.l 
HH (JlMi il«-t" Nil it been) iLlimi-d 1||j1 r«i ll iiiil **Wff MM -nf ihrtn It-jrhl 
|l » llF la «H ok**. D«t Uity tct* dnjfi ef (Kwn ull« kurb «f Lb* i«3d1 
M MM v, rmd tM* faurricd. U> «ir frwit ud iniM d lb*r*. nx4DL«f t» it, tit 
Ik* MMlttK IbV mM. ir iw of LWtb did -Mril -t-t u. «r hih* Ht witi 
(Mir i nnm l wi El nt m^ EtraH ibrf <-aU Ml tWoM (knwf b Ibrmlid, 
fcUk- uf ItwEi- *-■ Irnp vr nrarb bi tIH Ibvlr EijKtriirtw kbr befeds wf 
Ibiir riibai^ifn, ftnl [bry mv tn p^ttlofe aiHt mrT C-t B*ttlt~-mdT u 
rath Ja**i upnn nt iTir enmmtn-. En>* liiti iwit In rfofii «f lb«rn ni brpi;*fl 
Tfai ntvrfjrf *f Lh->-|-r fictMHf* Lit r*t(l1'i*r(lM( tbp p*k[|*ni and tbttilnEnrf 9W 
imb» m wa -iiYMfd i)r», v«t ifcHii >* ttfreHv* m ih*tr aciuil iU/Q4j WIHl" 
Oa-dlJ h«Tn bnn. Ai lm llin rwraunti dJ ilia L^BVlltltKEl. t/rtj^ff inj tK* V^W 
Yi<tk li'iipW, [hpjr war* ri>t jjivn Mt- itivitmDQLi i>f litiliirlpul rKoril, Jjitt ■|n*ply 
■u i^iritMnptihry »r G-pn.-CTml Mi. , hii-r'n1»Lrnirnl>, wtiLphi *r* , nf ivmrj-*, EiUtairlcil. 
It VM fwt |m? ti 1 1 1 cTi l>> Mijmp thi[ Mi* repiTPfpntNlivni nf ihiu |>ii.-rr* ir-ould 
bun* whk| jf »4*nl ph[» »-m- ictivrlj-mpapad En tna bmila tit car- J Jd. Th.fT 
be**. oanirnMd thi afi^unc |;i i*ti bjr CtsHtd laVsdi En 1 h* bfUtt i hit [tit 
wb»h rf lb< OoiMmlt jjiay in *-ojj*grt| La fb* tMHh» ind Sd lb* Hat*- 



I 

2U2 Southern Hi&lwi&ii Sawtif Jfypers. 

cdcqE ttuL my iwuljr the- what* *f (hfr FtdJ&ril t-imy *iw moused in ripcll lug it. 
Afler a review, I her* lot*-, of iho wbuLh ilj.ui.tlan, tru.l n, tntotnl tiding *f 
cyrrylninp Lhht bu Lct-n ptibl lulled *Ln** ttin ni^H-ic^rn/fi *if ntjr flfil AtCh?lc , J I 
*Ot rWlfltffleJ ill (fit "pinion lhm cxprcii^d Ihit my troop* dill, rni (Ji*l »|"1«t- 
EjiXWi, IJ 0ie t«*L ihTW Jioun.' B.ynling pr*r dene hj inr tronjri tin any- Held." 

Iil iiii ^f.i-.f.fi.l iini-mMf* I iliJ not give ■ detailed critic-inn or nccrciEit tit 
|bi> L»etl«L morflruorm {yf [ho M<1 for (wO r*i*uSt: Pint, m/rcmp»|Mi friendi 
idmoniphciL nsri th*t iu_v tt\kH> hirl i;pgwn qij.1l* long, and th»t it mi klrcmdy 
clear enough to uLi*tV the rno't ilrptifil Titlii-j; i^hiBiI, I ■liimgbt 1"m1 my 
.■Million! to tirnn, chuic, nnd rcTi-it, -wn^ld ifrr*[ [bty jrjiorqtlori *f lh«v who 
h*il Jniifc^nnflvMl anil therefore miiropre^ontnl. them, and U11L Lbcy wuulnj 
h«t*n 1? inik-v ppufK-r rxpln-natien nr-il corritLLoni. I fljid their diIjiJi, how- 
#V«, *J AW*& »ilh Jinrjuilicfj »r.J :.ry. -i^fir^d opinion^ 1hnt it tecmx im|>cri- 
tl*« I inMilJ^x]ililntnrrvl#[KKriK)t«orL*itlci! rflov4«on IheiH.and ibree*«m- 
(cwion rram even Lheir rtlutLnDt niauLluF. U * vi nj dcEnonitmU-d beyond e±r\l Lb 
ip^ OnL Aftk-lt- [but Genera) Lee rir-TTT -nrikri.-n] n- mnriic atfuclc, Lh At he, rirogr 
oxp+ClcJ unCtPildlhit it uaipb^-fiolly irnpouihle to hive, made ihic, I *hxll bivb 1 
f h" v tn*.[ #Ytfi If nfi* |i*J. IhH-ii inn 'IP it wuld roL >mvv bcLtercd Lh*. result that mj 
HChlfuwl by :ho ajbinWD llttai It will b# pruned that (he biLLle njiJt hj 
mv men «MilrJ no* tava bttn «i> Inipnwfit, i,h, pUn «f (Xniiim, H ta Dim 
Tfrni Hit d»j. Th* onLjr inw-JidniMiT <h^L wftild h^¥« eriMOil , irr Ctti» jiramiiou: 
ifictwf, ■«■»! fnr Ewe] I lo litvr mn-L-bi-d in up^in ]lr* (■f»Oi(*Jf l * Tfglvl wh'.'n iL 
wi» guinlcJ bj' a linijl* brigade,, run uvtr tbi-Lr u'urb>, tuiA fuiL iijHifi ijitif 
iOb- w>iLI,- T I'nL^^-J (lium i« fr^ipt. nnd ■"liile }[ill lny in a. ilircAccnlnjf putU 
lion id Ibiir ctnzn-. 13 id Lrii*- «o-n|^t-ritiv4 rHu-vumnrn fell intuit, tb« lutlEa 
Trrralil, in ill proUiuili'lv, hnvc- lurtn cite*. At it wu, n'.i*]iijH)*l5ii>fi L>MInMH-ra 
uiiivr Hiy chirgti ro cningc in th« iimtm mclbad ur ijiLritof |3)« uudEt ( 
wqli Si*vc<:Kj,fip(d i*n. ifftalT for ihQ r)*;nrr, 

L.[ in brnSjf t«v|«w tKu |Lm*[kini Oh Ihc niorjiiiig of [he M. Darinjf Lh* 
niftbL of tfarj IjI GMiiJrtl Slvlili>* r+*[«3 will, ih« TJiiHt cohji* upon tbo prtjuod 
Ijinjf bo(w«ii G-onsml ll*n«krk"* \ttt*hA Him oil T^fi, Gtmsfr] U«nTj1t Jl viiira. 
cf IIm- Twi-lf'h ooTf>* occufivmj iiirt *f Ihn sicn? II n»- <.>oiiCfti.| JJ<*hJ* Ti».J 
girfn tfcnt-Tnl ficklci '>rd.tr* 1o ot-fujiy Hound Ti*ji Lf il vera prHC^it^lt; Mid 
Ca rtplf to hit >|u<cLion u to what cort of poiiLion it hai, LiuEiiitiL i^ichttf }i*J 
*n(.wt'ncJ K '' Then ti no position thfn. 1 ' At the ftr>t Jk^inc of ±(i I vHv tn c[tr 
naki an the JJ. Cccier^t SitLl(* brt^iKiO tpiiTvhWitiVe tbtl ** -w*rt itwut h> 
■Itijeli faim, and i» Tcpvriied io frnnitr.i ! >[■ :i-.h.-. A* »ilf inuVF jiro^n'-B-iJ hii. 
ifipT'jhHntlurjt were connrnird, Jind. btiog liuuv ii ilia- pufLfclnii In wKlcti Ml 
tio<>p7 h hU. "\kvu. left, and cerLntn 1hnL h<- mi hbcuL ti> r*««ivi! battle, he- nYLfr- 
□i5n(sL to wlu the- vnnlne;e prounil in front of the jwieh orLbirnl. Without 
*-»*tlhiy fttJ Ohd*rt^ ]ir purhi'i) forwuTd and buo-lt the pfH-itinoi il-Mircd, Mno- 
Wnlli LK« T*fH>lti roiJu U^imhI MomLo draw hi* &LL^ntion to wr part of the 
flriJ K md r2in.*lLv ho tvu.4 Pllt jwt in lime to ht (hu b*L[h ^b. It will tn 
■ten, (here fore, (but tit iidtml HktSW irtivvii, ^tuL ell (h* nooYeaiejilft of [bo 
J\tj- r.il ■::,.• n • i. i..i. ; • .■. i:i.- ■: 'L :•■■ •/•• ... I hiY' fullvwid my 



The j&irtfe *f Gtttjrkiry. 



i (snttiKT. h uilH vVa iht bd tmi bOi Ha4 |fc* ftliata: 

harp. »*»* »*f IkT H laEer, »*■ ifemja lu*# mm l»* rvBatah ■**»*/ J»H4 ■* Ukt 
4kL *n| »lt* ■■•■ mbw ™«IU— tierpl thai if 1 bid a11»r*«S <4fN*r 1 aBiiBli 
bȴT 111 .-I (S-rmf y'i division of th* Twelfth (tfrp* In my Lrrnnedi*!* rrn&l in 
■diJIllnh to <h# TblrJ rarp*. Thii rauld ewtaknk har> !«+'! Hi* rtfiSri of "a 
Mnrlw al1*n-li , " 
OiUiM-l TuyUip, 3b nrfffrinj la |bp lroiir m* my lialll* <H\ Hi* Sd, "JP*: 
i: i r .|-, thn key ni ihalr [■•■■■/■•:• -.-. 1 1 a . - _ -, a i- mi' hi i-i | ■ ■ ■-■! u Ll r ■■: Til- 
ing, **j IHj* b*ld In for**." The nni«r 1" iliSi iULpiiii-iiI, ill reel and 
ilUhurillUvr, It at hand. GartamL HtmAr lay*, I" t'wiKraJnnal EcpurE. 
paa^ naa : " Ininnjdialilj nyon die ifjwnin- lH 1 ill" fcaltnrl** r) which b+g«n tb6 
baltl*}, I **ttr MnnL iladT rfl«r+ to hurry Mf> iti* o-lnnin ttnd*r frmeral 
«»■**, nf Hit Fifth p*!*, itoe *o lu way, awl wfclah 1 ripoatod "imad tun 
raarbad Ul»r» «* lk«l TtUt*. TV friunu adfaMiB ntpUlT, naebad A* 
I In a ik*n ll**. 1*1 &*e***l S*fca* ™ lWlR"*4**r ■*■■"■■ »J thiw 
• alfMf *PK+ »f** Rwwl T*f BMBBlam. <*W* t aaam! """"» ■"■■ 
M«>d> »t»*«BJkt ■■■ill, t* drive tai orar fWn II 1*1 in* «aw ftwtbold 
bbob Unl ■»*! laalinnU B4dIiiM. H Im lb* W4HW ■»*• Lantad la ipwd 
lAU kkhtt-tUktr <■»*(& toa *Td It* knob *f J*w*4 bpb audaWlT fiwn 4nto 



-Ob 1* th» Bw* **■** WW "T**t I* Iii« n»«i 

■OK (■ Iki lUnbi] T*f I" H I IPl la* §*"!■ 
"Ob h it* Ttouhd T*j»C~ 

Ih my fiir-moi" narrmlivn I ilwwed Ehal ItanVAl Mmd* illil imL RjinrMlaHj 
Ibd ImpArline* uf Inki pcalilahiitilil ihd Ultln li*fl Anally opaftQu, IC* hail 

n-l|rr .1 Mtrkl^ lo 0« ll^y il " if [.r . I- , '■■ ' !-.H ll ."1 .-.v ; ,j,i..i If. 

fDT« -wlwn my tBllto itpcrwd, ami «hM flwl* itmn|( a^ 111* Atflit nruyir***^, u 
BHidh hy khi fninwnl* bT lb* «W*fty- bft>**n lko*i »1«l l«« *ttliaT tenion 
ib B«tltiani h hj i*y d*fl*!tt pUn tot*4*i IE. ll b IMpJI-h I* *».J «h*L Ihe 
iuf talfiB vhM **** fefftMd 1*1 Hbj En,EEb IbDb* pJat* pLUmt tarliiF ot 
IMW- Tit bTrt WHpa-t Ikiw ■*« tb* B*lllBtt«Ha **1 b«* tt* n all 
4bt. bbbI «m «WI* I l< 1 I toBfltlh; p*M Ot^ibJ Knali »-n4«y » 
Wm ap p44llbAal tMBBa after lb« TSattfe bad «f*»*4, M" bbi cBBgiabdatlcfli 
tail fl^atrt, |fy ikMHBjne lornnl "a Mrwn ^nt*-.'" watahaWtB t*-4H«* ai 
(VoBi k Bfri a**aiBBi H to Uj* Fedrnli. B«E why «n f UTlbf r *Wla laata eWailt T 
ll |» I tniK*«jLI* l4i»L iiet hdi man »b™W Vtllwa that IWb *f ■»! di^ialonj, 
■Hu-bliig at any Inr pi- ph alijr THaMlC f , f fluid h.iT» iur*»»Jod la dinlirfpLug 
Ilia Afmr af lljn IVnjiBac. W# bad «JT«iUi)d wllli 1( Hi \oo many HTQ^lti, 
army HERtliil p-Nliy, tit nrftfrr, in ilnccrlly, an^ iiwll (1*1 rn. From daylight 
odIIL dirk nrni ll iS«al* &iBfidqM[o jaldt?r 4 autilik ot Riy Iwn JLvSriivn* *nd 
lh» lhf« nit^Kirdllj! lirlKudjw, *m.i ulvan^il Ui baiilfl, i3F m*d* to ev*n 
ihrnainij L.dln. Th* T.rffc m Jtft aiitlralj with mj RUB- <J*n*ral Bwril 
dai** n<i Hi-u^MMll vi movft *t drnl. Ganinl Mi^b my* ll m at 9 ti'doc* , 
la aajr •**»!, ll ptbi afl,«F my baulf nad clnMuL an4 boo lata to do any p»d 
flian th-iTi widi t°bM pi*™ fW ft-*l»*tj !■ u*a «pMBlalkq iMi aa.y ■ 



Southern Hishrmt Swifty Papers. 

Ijcoiato, lii|lii;*<n, pnd tender during: tins wrboto war. That liii raaGrtMLt* 1ji 
nan wa* ogytr ttii.\irn Uitre Li Ebc OM1 ntalwJa.nl proof ; but I cannnt b* 
tomptod., *vcn by dirrrt miiropTrfcnlils&jtA, ■ r> ■; ■.> * dslvutiion of thin iubject. 
I *m idi'crl to one |*iItii. ih>[ n-ill go to ihvaw lh# toUikinil lliat c-xiiled be- 
twt-Oit ii». Lt ii an 3r.i-W*?i( nf Hit jeeerjd bMtJaof MahftUu. 

Wfaca th« liCnd of my ealuma rtntbOil that Hold it m *bout ]?-o**lc*li on 
Id* Mlh. Ai *o nrprouhed lh* i*ld. WO ll*»rd wundi of h heavy b*Ul». 
WfJiirh proved to b* tioneml JihImd n^ry H^VMr^lv fii^n^cJ n-hli 1 h* tnt-niT. 
Aj rny coIuojb Jr-pli^frl on tbu field, ih* efic-mv lltlHi withdrew, in good 
OfdtJ, However, jnd l^K ilp ■ iErang jhwHJikt, a lHnt* in Eh* rfinr or whrre Ebc 
ht-ivion fjjjhli ns bid v+Cra ^ijiy no. Euring Etm lull Itat KKMl«]| Ucocrat 
Lou rod* up to wboMi | ivhI nnd latd me IfaiL ha h*d Jk-lWhniricd. lo attack tlw 
poJElion Ua+n Thjr tbu nnf ntjr «rfj indicated ilii purpow to n*w m? ik^ou tta 
flfflil. Jly tutu w*jc EEmtj fiTT*c^(ptd for bn!<lc ( but J irtcd <?usigf*L J>» (0 
ttilbbold she order Air*|t*ck utll || | b H d raidp a cartful r«niuioW»im and. 
dtlwmicod tttirtly bow il.a Itv4j4 hp.il twit be liinidlri. Iln ^nicateJ!, of 
war**, io (fat*, md I m\t forward W uiaao the r*cuimo5*ian**- After ■ 
Cit«Jiii ciAiuLflRtipri of Ifan iITl-iithS | t&ik htn-k to General. Leo, and PrpeTEed 
[tut itii petition wji vcrv urnn- and Ehc proip*vu hardly tufk nl ej warrant 
Etc hfm.v<f rrnTJitn of (IfcEliBt i ji-rjoii* aUiefc would Lit*»l¥«. C^ntrnl Lm 
■« not imJitihl, bovravn, b4ltM«d JiijwMd lo ini-ii-t <iehd an aicici:. U* 
b*pui 4a iUfiijfrit mo™ by wbfcb ah ad vantagwui iinull ntijil be nude. 
Btfwc (be : ^u^.iiun wai i4 all dsd JtJ n d)i|*EL'b wn* «cci Y^d fram UfiocratSluiM, 
if i vine u * nulJCfi tbht n vi-r.i- htm-.x ^•■lii^iin wn» movinK: up npiinrt my rigbL 
Ofntiil Lee iihden«] me sc »n« wireLnfofrt EbM furl of tnj- lint and lw jL*dj 
Efl MjmI tbo dtlm'k I (wdtned cbi- rfinftHfllng- c*1gHiH to Ihrc nmrort and. rods 
flfli rtfldlj In *dvB-u«. tnat I mt^ht i*c prprfwljr wbal **i- needed. Tba 
Ib|*AE«ni n j coIuetiii -p-nned to tr General Fits. fv\\ n PofEf t't i.<m\ nmnd. After 
f^tri^- iE r I repori^jj tH?k to Ucjieril L™ Eh^c II w*h. r,(nj U^hl t, cTihiiiin in my 
ofiLnlftrt to mcHn a Tm.hI ntlnu)t. TLi« prHiiinption wmeoivcot, «ni] th+ +4 v&htt 
mon htltrd mill iTiur, wlUidrrw. 

Gtnrjmli Lc? [hrn rc^ftlJuJ H(0 > t n«.lion of nu i inmwliatn aEEaek upon tho miiu 
[m>i JiLun «f Lho Knitral*. 1 «i» EhinrtJi uglily conri need Ebil loe r>»l<ioii itjj Imi 
iSians m t* [nlivD Billinul v*^- rtvfm ld»v«ml I mg?*»l*d toGtniiMl Lee th.^t 

|b**EE*i-a t*iii^1|i. /icd. :mij Hih- ^ennufco w, fiiretd -^"-T ^uj-tal uigbc- 

fal], »hJ Hint Ira could tb«e ]rf<ijj,r6 (* aU*ck *,L ^lnytlpJn, if k*«rnOd advii- 
abla a(l«r (bnroairli Enr+*li(jHH^i tn- ni«h« 1li##M*tlf *(- *,l] r H* «*l*nl*d 
very itmUly l« (liii, and I kft hLni Ea (irfjinTu fifl tbe rOK*) rttvUdVitspirrte. 
Tbc nKYHinelHiDco wai niece* f-iulW runin it mbflitlaLl. During j3io nighit 
KTir.ul uT piv tii^wlkn came in nnii ih«- alt asrerd. in rvparElnj 111*- [HrtiiLorj 
\cry iln-Ti)(. Al ("IwtH mM night Gtntuli Hood and tvnTitynil ponlbly nan 
or E™-o otber*, <-jcti* e* njf brtnlaju*rton and m*de-jSm5l*r irportn, nprr**NijJ 
apjiren«n*1fl.Ti± >i Jfl tbo rvwJE oF Lh,b nEEncl!. Kv«r^ihiflg J*v*3ojf*«J bjf tnli 

L'iwfJ t-. iTin:i^i»jj,i:^ u-vnl lUCOIlllrni thl' .:i.;.' -i •: i.:..i.' i'|-i. -ii <•; rnv 

rMi.H|iHil>«nhi.-C tlnr:r.t[ III* daj. I th*r*fwrc otltfRnS^eil t\<st » mala Ine 
attiflc, md OKtWoil flty 1t^h?|* Imct; El> lilO of Iginpl Hne H^f battle. 



Tki Batik of Otityslwg. 287 

T)if i:tKL £*.</ (he. fod'juiii idviiuxd vgiinil (i-t-TivT+l Jocknan Sb v^ry hMVy 
ftect. Th*y *oon sjmJ* 111.: b*LtL* *o icTtra taw turn tbu hu m flhllgrtd ta-ciSL 
ftp jcEnrareemwiU. At ftbuuL S J 1 . 21,, wfaita (ha billln wiu riglng tt^K<]j. 1 
Wit* riding h» my front Trnen I iwrdvoi] a ftOEO from fl+n*ri]» JU*od *dl! Et*di, 
^Litiif hm to rid* k» i fiii[ of Lbc acid wb«r«> (hoy wort iNndlne;, I cliniigvd 
nay mvui-n;, riid hurraed 1o Ihe paint InduMtrcl. 1 lYnm-il thorn ncaniiJtn lt upon a 
high pl#fo -of groiindj from whicb tbay hid Ail I vinw/cf chu b*Hle t,i?i=i|u; irttdfl 
*.t|«.l ii*t Jm,-l-!iiHih. Iflft could, lea the ioMJ hbwm of thn Fi-dcnli forming toe * 
chargo *fc*Lnc(. JvUton'i weakening tin**. TJiey urare gathered Ln imnoiut 
fefa*, HoA |IWM*W) iciijiiKpilili;: ■iiM.t Jhl-L'oIi 'p. lIiIh hrii-i <■ 1 1 - j i -. | A-iibiiAnd (ha 
OIVHt, Tfku fodu-Jt moved forward iEeidlly ; iiiTging run. liiiplid bl«t*. Iiftiid&d; 
d.lrw(ty fW Jadiwn*! linca. JmE. Ebun a courier arrived in pnil huu wLta 
QP(1*** ffuEn &6n«rml Ijbb far one- to- hurry La (he BuULtncc of JAckhin. Il wu 
ill (b M i/wv <-r$ti> vf His IjhEIIb. I had rtrj jurioui drabbi a tout Twitip bILl to 
reieh Gonoral ftefcten. in lim* 10- b* sf HHy torvtea U> him. 1 li*J nv-ddutu, 
however, thin I cffulil lm|H-d<. w |Kir±Ly*rj ihf Lnttfiepio bo*(4 ur mofi lllal WU 
jirwfin^ HcediLy [* bbi e,vir/r(hr^. We- ^«rr i(*Qdhi(f on lh« fl*lik uf [ho 
■dvnniiDc; toLurrtru. Tbry iwepc on ±t rJ|(bt (tagta 1o our Itaa <i|f vtpl-on, 
Tiey were wit tin caij ariiltcry r»ripi:. and I fell enr-tain. trul ii heavy r.nflli.- 
dibg Arc poiired on?xpee(edljF Into tbcij endrgLno; colomni would diievKnccrt 
and ^hock il JiiiL-n*il of moving (o icintoro* Jackiaai, tbcreforfi, I Kaldii* 
palchfct Ii>r talloriM to lmirjr to where I m. In ui cxocedtnc/ly ibait tiata 
Ckpl*-ta WllcyU *5i*gun l«.tl*r:fj emit dulling u-p ni fuli efl]3nn r Ihe rwntal 
crtvtM with frftPi, mmi ill* Into ursine; llietn frrwnrrf. Th* L v imt wheeled 
3dii> |H.^iciun and dSrctud ^*tlH» till hawing linn k of thr PDemy. Tim nngfl 
wia fi.iT, snd »■ (bn«lx guiu H«*ri*d iht hfiiivj jKlH want ploushincj iliroacjhi 
lif ioMJ ftknk of Ihc FbdeHui, da|-n£ (urrJJjlfi dnTrUt^, 

Ttic refalt nit jdLLl?i]i»i«J, The line fnitorcd tee an iutRDl, cLkrUd lijain, 
liM-Uni^l, rvJl>riri*J nisJ pr^utd F0T*n.nJ h und Lhtn u n. Tear nroadudfl in 
P«jwtiI Jri|f> Ih^rii, bruit rihki, ami tOtin-J. ^tn»lj-, iiillMistf and doggedly. 
Oontnil J*?](*iin did not |'-iiwuli. and ih(i FddtTrjl* hulled hJSct nlv*tbjf (rtwk • 
pbnrL diiiinc*, and >rrn.Ti^«t bo ictuwm ihaLr r*.Ti1t« #j|J rtf]W>T Uw-chflXh A* 
H9G It Ihtf ^ t n t t i.iJ i hin*n?Y«- K llity Tttii obliged to hce igiirul QtneriL Jnek- 
top. I'M* ?jt|n>sed thrill, of eoun4 h Is ourenTHmting' £m. Wi now lind icvO- 
Til linHirir* in rKHilicin, mtiJ iuhvii u Ike linei fahd Lkkcn irikp* Btid iIbtIlhJ 
cn tbelr lutiind *Mwn3l wo pgur«d * pprfUcL hnil «jf ball! inlif IhOir flunk* Ud 
Milnrcd th*jvi j-iin. ^hhtiii-h JitofirtlKwJ IheJ- W4rO F1(H twoiiBlS, but 
iBtircd with eLdLt tiaw r BJij|Ty } *,h13mil nlV'p ^V|»0b ihjOJr li^d pinn l.Hj^Jivd tttf 
fair riiijpol our baLLr riot ibty hmlced nit J (rl+>| to fori * (*5*.iifi fof [bo tMfd 
bimbuIE. I now d>L«niinBd Eo end iho wttK-r, f**ltrtg (hit I bjHl U t**y vto- 
tohy in my gnip, I Ihcnfore ordered tvewy htnary (if bo It! f«*di|ri(rt+ 1 jwd 
dh'w ray men up £or a cbiige, deilgnh^ tr> (hro* (BHjrrt lnw tfi* bnlitn nnkj 
or (bo -On-Oinj ■» toon m my NTttlk'rjr liul di«jH>Hod LkiTis, TIi^ rVdcr±ti 
moicd forwBJil onfa kh>jtj. IVhCin Ehfij were fHirly in range BTBry gon rria 
Opened upon tbem, bjm] before tb«y k»l «uO\0t*i flifti la* stqin»Sag rifc«, [ 



'A ! 3 SfHtthern Historical Soc ff fy i^JJfri, 

jjiruny 4K» fj nun tltHt 1 hud ta Hit; chirgw, * n d «*ep[ d&wo upon lliem tiVd 
ui ivaUndit. TlifrrlT«t WHuimpfy mhglrth- Th* enemy broke all tC pl*«*. 

I piumed] tflj- hnrn fnrwnrd: in a jh*I l-ni*1 I pijhnnit h bopiivf m nmeh lh* mnia 
Ffrtaral Umm n -l IliC 1 iiim lime whk tbelf neift^Llnj- foireiL We md'ccdcd. (.n. 
[hip anil ilftive i;Jih en-emy buck, pvnuinr, chum nnL|] faily 1(J a'cCcrak nl nifbt, 
In Idb rtiDnnwIiSli. I w m i TO Cl ■ niri*. from Q(mAP*J L*#. Hu hid hn.nl my 
puij, :ifnl *: hiism wjjipoted I hsJ thought LL l**t to [*Hl*o Jncfcion in a dif- 
ferent rnrinriijr twia thnl indidienltft fcy hii orrtaM. Ifo [fcervfura wrotn tail 
iT I hid. "Ciiiind iji|i'i;l|3r,^ t+ltf-r Ehnn ir-inferring Jd-zk*(>r\, (4- pilrwc il_" I 
hnnn[;un Lhi:"; iriijLdf-m. fVn|i1;r m iJiow EhnonUaL rclAlkin* 1 lh*t*Si^lJtJ betweon 
denend f.r* Hid Sfivrtlf At lo «ur |h- Mi-mil r ■■ I a 1 1 1^ n. fe I jinecnL two lcttan 
111 rawing lljjlil bpi.h Lh*l Tubjccl. Odd li from CWenel W. It Tallin, aulil- 
anL adjutant. g*nw*l, and Int. caber i> from G+ncril L« Mli^H": 

,J H K A D^Ua kTiFA Abut aw ^n-n-nf*** ViertltUa, Jm( 2ti, l&U, 
"Mir De*k Gxkkh*!,: 

11 1 hivi> rtwivPiL j.^u«r nMj* of jt* tar day, and hfcvt +tfrinalL+d llir General 
■bwl r^itwine; juux -com mind, Ho Jirif-iHi in* V> siv thnt he !hu wrktuit Uj 
Hie Frwidaot ta Vnuw if bo <-Mn riuil and rnncw llie iroiy (Iili *(Tk, nnd 
uottt liii r#|d^ \t. wrtii-ei ine General cflnn&l *ay wkon h» Chi visit j-au. Ua 

II A>1XiO«ft. [i> KM juu r and it nil! giw« him riinoli plenum temi'lyou inrl yeur 
turpi orro& mo». 11a bi>^4 W"ti (^ Ira able to- do thi*. and T uilJ ^ivn ^mi duij 
nfflip* wh*n h^ -Ciini i-omc, I tlaLIv urn tc-viOn niyni]f, Irrnerol. witb jajr ol 
hnvinif yyj bick. It M liki'i ih^ pkjq1«i qF h TahAi^ 

"TnqSjf and rispcctfbtly jaun r 

CL W. fl, TAVL4&, A. A. G. 

" MY 1'BA.R Gz3iEHAL! 

11 Ycoji un G*rliiiid k*rti|.Tj m t. H f cw dnvi i-incn r ycrjr-lflllor of tbo T^lh of 
JprniHry, wiiH llie ropi-ri s-f joitr nnorli 4-if"iFjHiht,tl:ir^ In. Kmi T^nnW**, tha 
TViU<;rrnT» h rit. r ind of wm* of my ftllteid loCtftFa to pcu. I h..p* ynv will 
b* Hbbe lo triiil wio 4 r^pup't of jpoiir e^ieraLioni around SodTulk mImJ RUlininrd 
p-T m 'k i : 1 1 1 * 1^ ih-3 uvHCititiart «f thai ciiv. and (if piiv 01 my general nrd*n 
*Jiich_fi(in inaj Ijo nUg tn. ^TiSlifL-n ^mi yim n>i>L imcupy jnur letiur* limd iwi 
■\ui\[*.naz iikriibiilf* ^f [be wir? E\-er]f officar wIiom poiSLlun iV|i| vbnTKUr 
W1-.1I1I K i^«- wtlfbt is bii Jl«l«iwin1* uajlii m oV 4*. tt i* thi cnlf w..y in 
Tfhkk we can luspc tbm ^t*s^ii^ni* of tnUli will Tciirb ptatarilj. Mm. Lonjj- 
ilroi-t will m-( ti ytniT aitinnu^'iDk I am verj mppy tk*( joiip *.kii (.rnpi-cive* 
» *l'"W-lv. I tnift -LlirtL il will ^vrt^unlLy 1>hp rairhrtf f.i jf*ll, Voa mu4( pr** 
wni my tindrn M^nfi^ w Mrt. Lnn^«tF*^l, I hrp* jour bmna in Haw 
Orloanij wit! Ik: liap]ty h and tbHE.ycu.riir*, whnl'i is il,j.r ti:- in^, v|J| l>j lung 
*nd proiptriiu*. 

"Jlwl twlj JfoOfttj It. E. Ln." 

TlieTn li one poiiit (a which I rtLI Wpechl *Lt?nlion. The friwidi of Col- 
naol J, H, WaLlon, Chtuf of ArtELUrynf tbh Flru -r^Tpt, ibtitf; ih*( In HJ' 
ttr*t an Infnrtnlinl injuilini mi done lrt ilnl gantloinAn- tu-liwidl 'W^.IUih »ji* 
»n 'rttffcer of ^nni 'qrarlkp.and at all tiaun tin J («a ednnddDeo^ blj c i> rum n Tid- 
ing: fffl""| ami ii If wkk u]"*1^t4 lfah.1 I adenttt PPkkl OUt*IrJ J inU an tiniD- 
IrtflLion*! dcrojfiiliMi irf hii qutli(.y. Il Ji um 4h*t In p«tt wf my (H! rwfKv. 
'.1 vi- 1 1 : 1. r ■ ■ "Ture- KnreneH ■u'bjccl io Ills' «fjuh«hji i!n| tc-^juJi tbil CmIadcI 



The Battle of <rttt$$tt\iT$, SflSr 

Wihwi Tiinrt :d full rocniaand vl tbt aflilrfTy^r ifac ITiTil corps il Ih* 
biMlc of UrttyiL^ir.i. Mv ■■-■l-ri, homy'i-cr. "* w*'! n* sikjt iniJrwilionii quoted 
Sd Ikdtllilr }AH Hjf Iho narinliv*, wr4 hJdr*M*J (0 O&ltfhtl J., B. Wilton u 
Ohicf uf Anilltry, hPd *lww «ntlu^woly eIi*.1 ho w*t kit cnm.tonDid on (hat 
day. Gotaotl AlfcKiindw B.j(ie*jd MOM £irg.nbLn*nlly Ed tbg cOHML?0*d4rvra tfitt 
puutrd tinwi^n myself and (bo lnilkry ilruply bwiui: I h*d ooiiH]](bd p*r- 
hiidIIj wi-Lh Colonel Alexander «n iht*t painti ocfwo Lh* battle *pened, aaa 
bKfl.ui* faa wax rnml d-ircrtty interested in Lhe bonding <t\ In* ftrliltrry mined 
Ml tbn p**ch orchird, nod urid.tr nurr of TclriMi fii'ktll xrm To mhkc hi i 
charge. CulOTiel Walton vm a btivo and Ch|inb|» crBctr, *rnl 1 Mgr;i lli*t 
my n-*rr*,:iv<! w B * #o wnnfiinl ** Ui rtflwt ut»o hi* f»l* *-Tnd ijwH»* nc^rd. 

The** *s*fl t»0 *r ?br« trifling ir.tjxiu-r.f-liri En my ar*i actonnl. t/{ fliJi 
b»:c]i; uliii-b r.ftid corj^Llon: The Kovt, ujwiii wham LrjfYirmalion ilie br*d of 
cnireoJ until wbt lumud bu th'. 1 ript;t h Taportvd it {JiiBiiiLrcnbuTE; on Eho n-i^Jit 
of [fad 2°!li ■■!" .("**. Il L» prindnj Lh h MMi. So^thI urtart llial 1 isnied on 
lh* lit of July, Jir.il ki d*kd, njir**r dndw Err* dat* »f Hi* IflEh. Tho t-cliL 
tErengtfa ^f J'ickcci't dmtian fit 4,140 layout**. Il «M p?lTit*d *.l JJ.W0. 
In Lh* pHrtghlp* *httt J *(n«d th.t fJ«ii*nl tfamln anticipated niy nUiek of 
trio JTnl , ntn.t kiW OflftfriJ H#r.<s>fk: tiiul tip LnU-nded tit lliro-v the Ftftb id! 
SlifLh eor(4 *fSlL|itC Lli fl±nk± whiie II iu mide, LL li printed Ibil fan j^ivc-lhii 
lnfcrjii»Lhifi In the " ervflrjlnjj, 1,1 whhUi.cf courH, tL ihould Emyd been "morn- 
infl." Willi thtao IriBin^ exDDplion#, tba »rLirl(; h Bit prtnLcd, wid iorrcct. 

1 hi** now dorr, for ?li* prtimiL, wiLU lhe rjir"-ii:jfiv nf OllytlHJF^ Vfb*.l 
l,hjT« wrilltn ulioul II lit* bttt\ eoiiiprllt^ tt<m\ in* h-y * Jwifi) <jtl Hit M* 
bind (o bd^L- HUv^u tiLi(ut|«ni firoporly inflirm^i U|hw Lbo miwL itrtjH»mrit 
BlQVtrnhil fjf llw wit,. (Hid a TK^uiL^ on LTi* dhw tuDdi of carrtctfnj; jnijior- 
liit niMiLflLErncnti rnndc IgnDTRndy ur n»i]Lciu«»ly tuHctrn.iiii; il. 1 lia*a 
wrilleTi nolhing LhiE tnM h$[ iiippO-ftml L>y p,1juinj*nt pe*fif, idv»rif{d na 
•ipiiinfaic mrt clMirly ju4!Hi*d bjf lbs f»^bi. At dbulrwi u llerwulti. aJ Uiat 
b*ttln «(rt, tiid u Lnr^H-rnL n 1 wpu ef hiinfing tbcm upon my propk, 1 
■cffjficivl mj th»r* (yf the din»tcr wiLboul 1 murmur, and c.IicCrluiLj' Iwre (It 
TbiponiLlnliLy of it u kng ■» Ihcrr mat a pwribiLilj' frf injuring Hit HUH VI 
nr» c-TipHipcd in ty ■ dJKaiuooi of lh« polnU SnvolvotO. 1 tboLtlJ jip^jbumh-lj" 
Iiit-e nrvEr written a lineconn-rDLn^ Lhr linlllt had a(. boi Jw+ii fef (44 *LLy-irtpt 
of Uib wordy »ldion to jjmcifJcHHf Di LhpOn H*0 tbo whol* b^^tB ef llutt 
ItiECh—EbitIr Tbbnttt; carrving (btsli fei f*r M 1* le*d ihfen id put tuiw. orden 
5n (bn ftumth -of *ur firtil rtpl*ln, *n<( <bprg« rn* wiLh \n*\n% broken diem. 
Tb d i*pH>vo ilit« BPiStLi* aitrfllSn*, *n<L 1o ^1 ve. ton »orl J Lhn frutb MBCurn in j 
i\ifi fcntcSi', Iben li(-.:±rin' wh*.L T ^omldernd *n iniprTi4in> dutf. I repeal, tbil 
I f*gt*l mott dm[ily Ibat thii- diicusjioa wai not opsned. befoiv lh* dc*Lhi of 
fif-rif-rH.1 Le*. Jf Lite chiTgcj ■« vchtmcntljF UTj^d agiiml mt afLor hit dtatll 
liii h«n prfHeindf or cvvn luggeitBd, Ln hU lifoLlriH, 1 do fin", Wlii'Vf Lhry 
■ould biTD ntrditd iny replf Ftwil mt, (Jencnl Irff "*-(rtiliJ bawo i,nt*fefod 
tbtm himwl T, iitid bivy ial Jiimnrv rij nV Bu L, tv«n m cbo til*?:, e da-, 1 do not 
f»r H10 TftJIoi at nlil^ry (Ml <j*Hjtb\j rj. Tim* Hta all tbLngi i^ght. Error 
live* bui a diiy— rritLb u. <lcrD.il. 



570 Swtt&ern IlMi/riml Switftf Papers. 

Tb<?r* Li in InrbdirilaL ™»M*T to whlrfi T *luEI rot>r \n (!ii« <^nnr^il^n. U 
Hb in r*gird to * ^LitarrKBt mirth by Mt. tvwinlari. In trti "l'i!(ih*i fliij^rri " 
a*, (jiv** [fap hiitoryof « mccLinj; which bo #i_\Ti 1*>nk pJa**<jo lh# Till of A peril, 
IBS, bi-Lwocn QT.i-rnJ L**and bh l«*dinE: officer*. [|*m_to Lh kL Lhir meeting 
wn» n pTETSta council, and Hike lh* olficcri uniEed 3d idriiiiiEj (jfTieni! |j** E4 
surrender na I bit day — two dirj bcfimi tbn jurrreirtrr Look jilic-r: ±1 Appa- 
rti Pi 1 1 ■;■ n; . Id dcst/Ehine; Lhit motLi ng ba dc*i mfl th* Knvi iriL,ujtic* of riuLLi nj; 
any nirnc- irjion^" tbn dSciri who £»vc Gi<Tirr±L Lte tbii idvLc*. TTin tnilh of 
tbn rnn1i«r it, J ne-vpr attended my mch rriMLlnj. 1 hid no Li ran 1o hLY*daaife 
fro-. I vii kept inccuanLly bur-jf in tbe. ll*ld dimntr lh* darn preceding lh* 
iimender at Appomattox. All niiylil long of the 111 v»t> mirch^d with- I'kLd'* 
diriiicn frwn Kichmond to KtMtibutc;, roftchiny thai point it Mtly iliw n rut 
LK4 3d, I nL wit* **fil to Qtnerttl Lftfl't liMdqHfcTttrt, I f(K)Dd Men En fc*d 
In Jilt lune. Whiln X ■»■ *l((injf ujwin iV *lde <if trti ■cour-'hi, ill^iiMlnj; cny 
Hnc af march nnJ t« riving nit oritur* for thn fiittirn — tbEi SciY-nlvin^ n march 
an the Five 7orlti— a courier cim* In. and announced tbit nur Lin* ni twin; 
brn*ea in fr.-.-nl r>r tbe Iiihhc in which Gen*™! 1** hnrJ ilrpl. 1 hnrtW. I* 
Lho i>hiI, nr.ij pi fail »« m* LfWip* cjinic up HhjV **M iJlWWn Jn(e attha (0 
chtcH ;ria aJTnneo of tfia r>tter*l* until nlghl Jiad. -roane 1e caver «ur wita- 
dmwnl, TVt fotigM *|1 *1*y, *1d At nlgh.t Agflta tw-k up our mtrnhi, ind Jrcui 
thpit (Seng frirw*iil until lh* (urMTiJnr wn DtaT£bnJ. and fauf^nt and hunper+d, 
ft*gft«riEig tbrnm^h «ild ncid nln and mad! t* Affwryrnllox — coacHting wwf 
tbatai lh* w±y, btfrtt by jVDfwfciilniint; adds on Kit lid**. It wni on* con- 
itMQt Ipnt for ilhyi *ad daji, Ebc DifrliU crcni firing u» nn nut. WtiOh at 
h-nglfl Lit* oidlrr ami tv »nicr*ndcri on tbc 9Lh, 1 ordered my mtn V> Itack 
tbnir iniu h and (-iiTMinJcrtJ ft^r Lh^OMttJ b*^*fi0l* ff llt^'t dSvliLori— int 
Attlj t-iH-^i. :Ji:iv Ui-i-.fr^l ]^H^ h.*d l»ft jrn>. I aln> lure-cd. irenr to Gtntr»l 
drinl I,BflO Tiriwln-rt tulff n T>J" tb« ***+lt;? *T.d bj? ray Iponpw wbiL* tm Ui* 
rtlTOnt A» Im H:<- r.Mir'Ti-n^ijf 4jffl«non Lhpjjthil ntTar atltnJud, and of 
*SUfte-did n-u jnliviB Lh« ndv|«4 llgavg (jj Gooftrat Liw. Mr. Swtntan bu 
t*io Kilaajlj iiililnfomLrf upon lh.li Jhj5e.|. 



!£*>tjr to {^tHiral LouffslPMl'a Second Fiperv 

]I1' <]I\[I1L f. .1. KilLl.l". 

QcDnml Langitml ii af Eba f pinion thai li? it n T*ry drtjiFj-HEffTiurtd 
man, btcaoK bn bu curt tweo ricnikiltrdi witbtaE >4'ji.iti^ii tf pr«ioiir1C4 thlt 
(IcruTHt Lna MnlcEjy ill lh* U«l t^-frb^iETjf chui-paiga WM Tnry d»f«Ll»*] ifcfci 
G*n<Tnl I** b*d l«l bi* UiEtd wh*fi h* JniftwiiS(4 to dvlJ-rnr nalLl* it 0*1- 
Iji-nurf^ or, to- UM tha tunguag* Lp, whtfth. (bo Ld*4 Li canTnj*d, Lh.it h.* had 
''during tfiO Cfi'Lj of i|h4 ctnsjiiijfn Lait lh* rantcliicii cquiiuiu Ibal inuilLj 
ehaTniWllferf Mm, *fi'i (bi* wtmi7«r mLitika wera mads -wcm not w mufli. 



The BatiU a/ Gtttysbuiy. £71 

m*Hfr* of tf*librral# Judgment u the Emjiu.li** of a frrul rnlsiJ it|&LnrV«d by 
qB|«Hll«IM condition* ''i lhaL h-r, fatmKlf,. alono understood i*im TM]ulr*- 
niMiU of Hid o™*iton p and 5f ha h*d b#en nl!"w#J u control thin operhiiani of 
the army, k fcrilLI*.n t v\a;aty veuld h**a (tihkhI; «nd Lnnt tray utbr-r officer 
in my rapcndtbld pciltton, <U»C*W# ef hi* e*n HrHntJinCa command, in 
gnwsiy drrt'licd cr terribly bluDittred. AIL init be claim* Lh-Q rijLrlU to di>, to? 
Ibe bene£c uf '■ Lhi- ll'.'ruti' dc F"»rli *rn) th,n ji-Liml IiIjUji-ImJi,"' WnirtO h* I* 
"the roily livia^ pcr*an wbo aoald explain the BtofiY of' line campaign ^d 
lh* !rfV» JaiMon* of it« Jkilur*." 

ICc I iid (3ic fanldiasi lor inlir-nHnanc: Hit "'gtni'ni butwiurf In refird 
Mi lb* dpmnrlH and dcAttanrito i>r Ofhnhp.1 I.40 t nnd 1iii 0-*n, nipr-rior cljumi 
to tie lchctcnihin.flf Ino Armypr N&rll">rn VlrgiBLa, fcjr * l*!Wr Wfllttn to 
fc.ii unci?, on 1he. m 2iih Hay of July, tSiiH. which !■;■:■:■■ r -.v- -iilil Lai r im-ht- i-- it, 
thn light of diy if be bud not r himself, given it to thn p u !■ L i f . In ih*i 1-tf.ie.r 
h*6aidr 

■' Tlio b±Ltln wpi tifti made in | would ap-vo iLiHutf U, My lu*4 w** (» Lhro* 
Oiiftji'LvrK t>iw(Hin [hj 4nfniy nnd Wnth-ifiglHi. MltuL a iti-cne; position, and 
farce the aacnny to- allacb 11. zio far u u given r.- man the ability to Judgi>, 
ire may uy with Minfldf-rir-ri ih*t wg iImiIJ navq. ft*sihiy*J (hv PtslQriil armY, 
pi*rrfikHi Itllfi W*vhln^1oii, nnil dic-lnled out («■ ra' H or, n( km I. held Wiu-h> 
irpt'.i-n nnil nnaTrlied oifw id miicli of IVnniyLYa.il in jh wf fhrrd Lo, had ire, 
dmun the enemy In.EM :i!Lwk upen ftiu crt.rtifijJly-fhi4IEi p4nlEtun til Rib PHF, 
fltncr»L L(H di«*a 4 he pl*h,i [kIu-jiCJiL; hud ha i* llie fmra lo cluw imd lo 
<ipc1kt, 1 i.- i.i ii i i 1 1 -tt iL a pnn of mjr duty tv rxr>Tr<i my ?i«iri Ed Ibn Qamnnnd- 
ing Gfjuril. If li.' nriLiravct nnd lipfiti tkiiinj, it |j wtll, " bo dift* -H4C, It I* 
Efty duty (!> nJi^it bljt vi^ft*, nm) (|> (1,1^-11 If thtJii h» r»iltirnl|ijf BW If 1hty TTf«! 
B1V (m-rt. 1 cliinol lielp IfuL thinli !bat ureal rO^ulU *\.nld him nun obuincd 
bid my vJittti been tbuu^nt be41er^f; yai I pms mutb iri^llivej (*■ ta'rtpt (lift 

pc^KJii wndlthn m tor tm bwt," 

The irrojjanc* and cjpHtinr of all ihit, uiia;ht bt 14 #OBnt fli ten-1 jwrffl'nabla 
-wbcni confined to a p-rLTato. fi^'ifldrtrvLkl kljT to a ruMr rwSMim; bn(. «hfri 
that Letter I* (ny>n 1« ih* putJIc lj)c lt» Hlfeof, iH*y t4»l»4 int-.i£fer*bl*. Tl* 

p*Tl Of the. IttttP filib-lLihr-d iJi-TiuIilJi;* AA fi:l?im?i: 

" Ai GeneTil Loe ii our comannjidcr, bn nhniilJ b*.vo *tl |ht wtihfitl utid 
Influecicd wfl<nti((Lv^liim. If jJi* tjkrnns ^!r iKrfrt ii «ny> enn bu ibifted from 
hilfni (i> nit, 1 -jbn'l btlp bi-m and our ciuab by tnltlnaj it. I d^jipr, tlM,H^,«o, 
tbiL all the, rcjptmfitnhly thht r.n ihj put Mpni'n us? ih^tL ^o HnM *nd rthHilfl 
tbnpir. TTiiu Ei-iiiii ■Hii]t in. lm»vn In 1icne> and 1 l^ave EhnC to i)i»nr haw mucb 
af llie r*r=p-Tn»ib-lil v ni Ue1tydLu.ro; ifulL rutt on ny iIioiiIJlt*.'' 

Thv 'pltEt^f tht ftrtl pa rf nf lit ij laiterpaHHE^p ii very lelf-ncriari nrand com- 
mendantb ione«l r but the dcc-limcbon flf It it fWifliittl (4 (*t**r of hi* liflcl*, 
DDlil the. Ititar \n mid* publk IVr <4l* p«rJKM* ot lhorw\t\f ihtt GttnSt*! Le* 
inidn an jdLH-uiablu blunder in CnnijBjj hli own plau, and rt-jwjiojj Lhj4 vbar 
foinirtli nf ;bc wilier of (hat letter; idd., nheu the attempt ii made. (i>jhi>w 
thtl (fea UlUr -»*j rr*lly nt fault in not cordially, promptly, and Tijrorouily 
HOHJIni; (hu p3nn4 of In* fJommindln^ trtcrml, he crioi out ntoi< lujtlly 
|!iat h* L* tbfl victim ■«? "ill* 1le-iu(Uf«) *fnJ iptotttfa iKfcfUa" of L| crrlain 
Word] 1 HjidLwa," In, 4 ■'Ufm-bvin WaTfiro," Thew Hgurw of Tbadnu: in, 



272 Siitthfrn Hi&toriarl Society Papers. 

dpab|tw) k very tHHUrvL in (be ilr*§* Ejiv-tn Iheoi hj "thn profrafloftil w*PE*r ,J 
or Lkn PhlltuJclpbin Tim**; bul «1ifn Gfneril l>nc>|p*c| iin<dq?L*t(4 tit blow 
hii mil LruiYi|>ftt F *t ihfl CUpeliM Of tflbdr*, bu rnuil nut comjilJni-f i|adi*o*fd- 
ml noLw i.r* dpuwncd by (he *nin4 of Lk* lohl-Lnn, urn-, wbgn he iicbUn. 
n]f 3D itoka feather*, if bb *lra.r** ih* faio af [ho J . ■ t.-U w. 
lie Torj' CTidontLy dun nuLmgm: with thn JK41, lh*L— 

» Inilk MttahfcJ Id f Hill Unit JlH «*li : 

He tiw nti confidence in be-p umldftl {AurlJ 10 iiMljq h*rttlf fcrvpwn, in J hence 
Jlf *fpl it* himu'lT to Lh* work of hrljiinj; h*r oiii *f ih.0 dSrL trul trtutd meet 
manfully; unJ niter L^q^in^ At bcr ikiTti fop lonon Limit, h* prop^u lo Lbu 
Jiutilk (;*«■ n traten-fricod imigr, in wliir-b arr tir iit n-rni;iuM>3 tiQnu or Lh-p 
■ijiMnvcnLf «t iba diffident anil nwd>s[ foddeu. 

T«j khjii *fie-f iliu wir, in wb»L Swintom doiSgnilftf ■« "* fal I ftrqj fr** 
MQvcrmllon "■ with li-Sih , G+hWtl Lm^lTrct rnnJn lb» iUi*m*ni* ujwn- which 
were biied ib« vapy i*vohp feUldimi of thnt writep on GcnfPiJ Lco r i fcnd^t 
cf [tin UeHyi-nupp cftmpilfjn ; *rnl wtan tJenoral Let'* lellcp ta Pp+*ldnnt 
1J*yi*. written a ihert lim* iflM tho Hi** (if iW cinspiisn, wai made public, 
■ Hillt mere (hnn Im ytari ngo, Gflappil I^gtirtri, hum-ned to publish thn 
»tKi7*-mY-riiiii-Timl li'Ltyr to Wi uncle. In GoncraL LmTi very j-rlj'-HliNMn*L:r L ; 
letter lo lh# Pwkgm, th«t**ciniri Ibii pHiagn : 

" Kvfryrtinjj: tbrrtfurc poinlf to t"h<s idTprJngpi 1(1 V ^trt^td 1-»ni n hew 
MUnmindcr, ±ni I the mopfrniuUiHj' larcc tbn umttBr upon jvur Eifriitncr, 
Swcnt m_v brjl-rf |.ha,i, n r^iij-ncrf t pind ibltr nttfi lb>n injFBlf <^n Huidity t# 
ctuiaoJ. | hum lh*t bus will bivn *i^a|| H hL *r-d brnv* tin icnnT ri 4*4r 
OSlHed Us Htond bi« *ffbn*, bad It *«Mild be llitbMppie<l d»y cf my life lu»» 
hi iu htid insviiihj li-niti-n cjn«Hmi would ununnlfib nun Oitn I ltjjU 
pri^inn, »n^ nil ih:u 1 h«n wi»h«d." 

In i. izumrnunlirmJcui, ov*f bit iicjialuTC, in li\i New Oftunj Af/ujAf£tait of 
Die Kill of Fihju^py, T&Jfl, OentTi] Lonfitncl, icfL-rrinjf <o bu lotttr (a hi* 

QDCI*, tlid ! 

"Hit [l^MpFlrnrCk] Irito™ punllthtd fl*lni; C* Its coTrcbcrall™ »nd 
5jpmp»lh«ic FtlUJOfi* 1* *Jifl »f C^r.i.ml R. E. l*t written twn- wwfci li(«r n 
The fmfcll L *ilb,>j| w*4 n^hd> Minting (hi: pubJL'jtlfm of Qta«»l H, &, l^rt'4, 
14 tilt,! iJifi CwLj mlclil be linowji nod noted In (h^lr jic^prr nunnwlion, ael in 
fclliwrk or dc-fcccc otr±Dy «n(." 

The liMlef of UtiieraL Lea hcra Ttfc prrf to It ilic «nc to- tbr Frnidtnl from 
•l-ibfb 1,h* ferv.palnd ^itrarl ii nnJe-, »nd Ih^-uEilf jint-i; -nf It [*■ whieb lrf<nc;- 
<tt*H'j **uld b«i th4 TeWtfltri "'cniroboralivc nmd N-viiip*(b^llc r^lalioni" 1i 
tb% puuign (Ivi-n— [hit Li, U,ing«Lhe^[> hHuHr wm njTM*Miiji-lw)<if LhoopiniftTi 
ili»l & j*mjP*T and *.b1cp Irtdof fpf the irtaj cauld hurt batn obl^lfif J, *hd 
■.vm puLb-4.ii! with it in poititLnjf oatwhv LEtit End<r ibmld barf l>»n— l* *iU 
&tn*ril Jprne-i- I*n^*Lpi«t. 

JLcconnpinFmy Lbe publintlon rf th* ItLWr U> Hit iincle, C*n*pil Lo*a> 
Ural gnie Lh* f^JDwins citrtct (rono t. l*u*t id hSm from GaonnL Lw.^tri, 
U illts-rf.. in JHnuirj-, 1S44: 



Tkt Batik of Gttty$bmt$. 273 

■■ ||*4 I t*M» |w •*•*«* ** OrttpS^iTt b*M*J rf |«ml«f lb moth 1 
did, be* dl4tf**l fell Vtinp might bfeTf- bwn ' 

4 fc*tt*r fr™ Ofe*#nl P9u 1U* feffrt+Htd! k tb* */t|Ulr jirlflti ray •badly 
1ktM*t\+r, fenJj 1ri tbfti IttLtr, h* ipoh*. In *^rjf ri'iri|hHmtBLarj wcu atf Qn- 
ttil lyrfipftiH+L, bul Giprriuad ft ifrtlfn ihil lh* vhnlrj of (Jrntnl Lh'i tatter- , 
fr*m vh-irh Live Vrlff iitnacE wu giTra, ihnuld be publlibfrd 

Thli wii 1h« ucrmiofi uf lie/ puMmElon of [bo c<ihnHiwnlt*ll*ll In lit* H*» 
OIhui Af/ikAJitfl^j from GentMl Lon.£*Lr«( P »hkh hfet b*sa refund la. 
Tbil ^.mniyrslMtloafumniriMl ft tltUr Elndfe »f dinuiwIfetliMi trfaibii ej*-n*rp.] 
Fit* L*#. Clmtrfel WlUli.ni N, ftsn.dlB.totJ, til* K*f, J. Wllliun Jimm. ud 
EDfHir, Ik* irnltr pin of it Wll(f 4lr*rbrf ftftlnit m*. Thuu arlfiulad th> 
■ i (oB^i^B witrfir*," ic, l^EiB. th* Iwil^ b«»l «■ -our iU» wbj barn* Jiy mt, 
uj tW'i ln*( trtMi* Htft pabLulvbJ «b hotk ildH. ll kfcjpt1*J n4 Skinwdtrite 
rU^rrr" i-.r Txhii* oa Bf p*rl &> uj LbftE G*n*rfel iVniplft*! cMw vol cf (i* 
inl -Hmpalft- fc*J5f feontM. Tb* oolj gnand fa* hU raffcpWst >■--* - '- at 
«■ *«*• *1h*4j tfe*vn La bj- r*plj I* bit flM iRkl* IB tb*. pbili^lyhi* 
Tim>* , fi l •IB toi«i wxBln« bcrt l« M]r h lb#t I 4'4 Mi — ipi rt hi™ rf 
hiTin « r t=i|ilojr*J BBnthrr to wriM lb* 1*W fenM** lb** putltah**" dtbt bii awn 

U »*■ tirj ft-npftrrhl to m*, twvtrit, mhtm I n*A th# 9nl itUeI* in tb* 
7V**m. TiHifMfeltig 14 bt frets him, tbit Hip dloll.nn wfei run hit. fetid VhiL bt 
hud iAinir*4lly l«n farb«d to tb* npmaloai of hi* OMrHiinnt* 4R G*fifTt) 
]*■■■■ rbirartpr h» ^ Eumminn*!. ind I fecwTillnpjl/ fefeld lb nlj PtfJj 1-bit tbs 
■rUcIl WM fevLilfnl-ly not wriLLrn b^' bim. I hinntlnnnil ibN T^L, aal trciujn 
I thrfjuftlitth* Mtlc]n r IbMgb 4x.biblLiii*j »M« lHipn>viniB( jb bLi ilyl*. coa- 
talncd ifij bHMr login th»ti M' ■-«■:. r r '" LlU ' Llani 5liJ ihitwn. iul to jnnnl 
tb* liwilntleni of ■ ta*» Rtminpfef ■ftttr l>«n bnltip; [aMil Jiir (t* crilS- 
rltmi uf ft kiI-1i t-r of, a L**it, umo ftipcriiDjn. 

In lb* ta*«- p*C>f *B " Tbt XuUJm «f f J*((yit»ti, " frt»bSnb*d Eb tbft PkE[- 
■fttalpbkfe pft>fti of lh* ltd nf Ftbraurjt OM«nl L*n(«lH*t u miJ# to tfe*/: 

'■ Oat «f lb* f b W *t*«Mot» of tbu ton-ton nrffet* I* lW*4 k it* *Kt 
BMtt,«*lBfl b«*»4inniTvJ b6 li* b4**r*bh wriL»of av 7 Mialrr, T b*ri 
i*H flrPHJlT pftJftljitd vj right inn, lErd 1fe*4* ll inpoftiibl* hr mm to 
writ* Mi* il*>f*Jt ftfiJ ciiiiiriiiji, I hiT» b*** opnp*ll*d, in. ii* pnfftfft- 
•JcM fef n]T ftxlirT**, to htt*pl (B» ,h»H'te* d ft prvfoMt|.r,i3 <mtll*t pravtrm^if 
(*fed*r>4 Bife b* Ifai tdiUJi «f tbr rfm** BpMI fti«b trifllnj; iihiIiii tbi> do 
my ■■■ml™ |i«i|rfi*ft U. trijtld the-Lr biitoTHP fend ■■n*nii bum* Tb* iMMnpt Li 
fel erve* pitiful ibd *H»gN4*>fal. ,r 

I AlBhOl Wi b»]leT4 thftt tbiii pftwft^ti, In thml|bl U Wt]l u dSctLon, Lj 
whnlLj |bn |iTodmtiuTi of lot " pror«*ionnl *rriWI " fuP Lh* JHm«. I tin not 
Bft||*r« th»E UlBirfel LonBiiLf«!. bfe* jf»t *trl**d *\ l«nh ft. lUfja *i to b* tbe 
pmnplir n/f « u,aqu*jtj fen. tpBtfel. B* kntiTti t+tj will Lhfet th«rn feoo- ft 
n.umbir of oBmr* fend raBfe N'bVftBUt*^ 1w ^ <** tr ''a* 1 ftrlnj ln lh * w * r i ■ Jld 
in j-ii tldi 1« Ti-i|» *j|b .grftfti ^ftiLlltj | toil It ii bird \j to b* prmumed Uifet 
b*iuA-> tod tb*( feppftftlof tb* "oM *jldll*f ' fop ijFi|4lh]r. Mj *U($t*ti«B 



274 Souths rn Jlifitaripil Society Papers. 

faftd It* rtfcmDM to (he mat* mwhiQtail l**lt sf writing, *r 111* emplnyflvrnt 
fff UncHher U fall ■ mnoocniii, for if ho hud hjt don* (lie litter lie would onLj- 
him ft>5t**td Lht csiinijiJc of many tmiiUd wrl1*-H h unil inim; Ibono Honor 
±TiH iCil(iii, uf|:-:i»v l>lin;l new renilcrcd it nccaury faf- (hei=i 5q «?v 1hc- ictyJccj 
of allien in IruitfaHng Hit grunrda*! production*,^ lheSt I'raini to piper. 
Bo if Gen ml Longdiw-t had ■iirtdl v emptored iBaifaar to nnmiL io piper 
fab *m ideu, or io correct and rendur mer* penpfeoiRai Lh^ic qk |w««Efln, Hi*™ 
TOttld h*Tfl hrcn no Impropriety in (hit. Tlva objection Ij that (lw> *li.wi h 
*f*C-"Utl^r-l, And cH'icitnni nJ a profuiioDi] ntwapuptr wider, without nnU-r 
t»nr e-jeptricne*-, jh^uld oft palmed on the public #4 llkbcricll mitrcr, L> *atM* 
Eli* ddpjiuLtd [iPiTil* u 1« Lhu bud]? of UeHyfhurjf. Tl» TtUt it, thai il would 
bo- bettor for General LoogitrMt if ha wtwifd get Join* conipr-t.hi ( >eT*ai] to do 
fail (hir.kinj u -well u hit writing. H«. Medd Lbin avoid ill* dlffLouHifn Lnie 
*btrli he fan* l*tii floundering, detpcr ami dwper, a<A only wicSi blj owji pro- 
>3 i*t L I i"i n_' r Vil lliriJ-jgh [be iQilrnrDDnbillly e/f thH44 wiatEcn for him hv hit 
flisnn, thn pTOfwiSOfti] writer Tar the Ih^ 

Thou** ppoOidrifj h> tadn J 'TliB MiiLitcai of Grjlljib^jf,' 1 one of the prim* 
ocdacti of 11* lut urUfln in (bo Tirwj reccm io JWe h*Mi (ectnirrt tot General 
IionpliDcL Lhn principal credit far lha Tidory gaLntd *L tti(. *«ond bauloof 
M*nfc»M4, ll Lhe oipenia of boll flopnf*l Lee ind General JacajOfir Tfan 
pteMbeo Jot idTarwInjj thii new plains |i found In lhe fallnvliig ptuttxei 

•Al Ihir Ilia dale llie official Hiklloht of Gcnnral X>»« »r,il minnlf ire 
dmujjIiL so HjDidtliiri. Ha It trvdiLed wi[h hjvlnj imoJ nrronieif reoiirl* «n,- 
wrtiip^ IS« h fFi (ha prtuncnof a nurabtr ^ luEocdin-iCc nfflwn, Jmtt «i) the 
*v* of biillc. It, ii baid.lv Jiu**ll)l$ (hnl *ny nnc acauilnhd with General 
Lcb'i *ii3t«l ^ItriL-iiiF wttl h«6pl HCtt fUictncau (Uj. wue." 

It JievidaniL Uial allmCoa ii li#r« naj* te thft langiuj^ used. fajOtBatal l/«, 
U (jv*n l>jr me. in He confornie* bid wiili GflntrtJp Ewcll, Hod^ ? *».l in^ftlf, 
»(t*r lh# rlo» of (ha fln-i dij 1 ! flg;ht F wIkh bo #*;<£; I'Lonpiiwot si 1 vtrf 
gwd fl(tlWF wSivn ha v*l* in potation and. prt* tTccylliiDS Kidy, tut Jl» Jl 14 
*lw r ' ■ ft wLll bft «tfn , filbert „ iDLtor fiiTco by EjltntMl Fits Loo, In bLi jirtkl* 
in llie April DumbH of |bq Papery fjvin n dbtLn^uLibao pT.Heman (o fcini- 
Kir, lhat GcdlfiI L** onido aiLiuiki- fconark (o (hai s^iskJoniMi Mfttr llie war; 
and, if Ilia fact wju IbHl G«iaE*l LoiigiwwL wn t tlow in bii m***Dton.i*, iluM 
WMaW Iw no pojiLMa LrDpnopjif L7 In Hiimioniog ji undor Oi* *iF«iBi*l*lieBl 
*(!cn(tlii5 OaCfm.1 £**'» icmtuk. Il u a 1j((}* ciirinaj, lh«if(b p (Jiai uvhllfl 
fJtntml Irffl't ftjialwd character it cittd u Iwauj; Ln«Mui*l*nt wLLb nidi a 
remirk, G*ncnL Lon^ifrefi liJaHnl T *rota a latter to tbu trfllsf «f the JTnKi, 
■if vbico [faa laLL*r give* Ibo iiib*!*^*, ftl fij-ltcwi: 

'"Hie lq((0^ f":^! tlo^i'ral lionptreol, wLicni *«*t*lpiiniM ibno citrwl*, 
dw«lll p«rLicul*rly npun a point which- ho wi*Ti*i to lure hii n*d*5* U.nJ*r- 
rticid u lie iiL»tiflc»«nrnn' litH pm*fil namtiT*. Il If Uuti while Utncral 
1^4 en ibo b«((lf-4loM **^unitd all the mpoEnabllicj 1 for ilia itsuX be jifier- 
%*rft puliSithwl a Kport lhat oliffifH ffobi ■ 1 1 ■■■ Trporl he mide at Ibo tlsi* 
■while under thai (ftneroui ifililt. Ooni?nil L^nE^irtct And oth*r onlsa*? Und* 
lhoir offlc-i*! r±poM* Up«n lh« hmila iloTrlv *ftor iti 0WUrr*ni*, ind wbUe 
tboy *^ra impievwd with G-fjkji] Lac'* xifitl* H4aTAplian xti all lhn blaosn; 



Tk Baitit •/ GtQfilmy. 275 

•f lb* Wis!* — •■ftd tb* *jMn>*fcj fmj* kUrk GUttr*! Lsjpl.f*-'*"* e-ritUa (d all 
tatir ptLiU* agaiaM kjL»— U-c^irwl fob ju»nlM »* 4i*>uifcf li* bmtade o* 



II mm*, tbnn, ifeml. Gunrnl l*w,piLr»+S"" *h-hr«(liUoa cf Gtsinl Lwi 

ejilLf-d rtnimrtAr did Bd pW*ftC bin* (ran nuking Lhc E~iIm charge lint 
Gen trill |^-i liml, »h.rii iIhl* mroigb bid rkpwd Jbr Ilia unnsr-iul fwUngl.. 
whtah prantLriJJ lilnniB tb&fl*Jd" to mum* til ihn p^jinfiiJSilHiy, fa lutftit, 
wrlH*n M P'|i..rt diff..rln( foam bii flm rep.irl, tml nruiiL Lh.fi f^Liof lln-amn, 
■tW Otntt ll LenijiLrecl iddi nEber u-ffl.tr rt hkd b«n tnlnjipnd inlo in iking- 
tb* repvb which lh*y uaE tr>. F*r thut U tbi rtal purpori. >»r lh* t**J*;* 

• ,-« nl li'll-fll [..-■■ .1 Lin -I hftf I&4 ~mt. ((ITU ll *r.| ir ,. -,'-, |.--'*- 

Ul ibftl tb* liUar Llxlf, whkb fat **3 ( bh*IJ, m*d» k in fcwH »Wphii:i<- l*n- 

If llMt*lhtflA*4MQtb*&r»of aftei nil tioifi (* li* «b*I# araj, tail 
ChHMat LnagiifM « u nrj jEow ia hw t% i H u nt * «■ »tt «e«iioa*, h ku 
¥ttj a»<JBHT*cndcw*«f Hi Intb, la bit urmin *i iad- 
Thilb wtmA b*h*» rf M jib i mi ■ Ilii-^- 



- Wh'fi U.» h**d irfmjwiljmD racbrd IhiE fr'-n LL *■* ibo'it IS o'clock 
on lb* $Vtb. A* *g Bpp?T*rl!*d lb* It-ldl ** kiurd mei-rilii «i m. br*»» btcik, 
Wbk*. Jiftftffld, (* bo Gcdati.1 Jncbym -*vzf h***il) hnjjtend wIEh lhi*b*mt Jl 

An, urn ■■ hEi liWp*. WW* foployod Into linn, Oib^FbL Ltt mntri hiia Ls 
*|mb LhenUich, but L*Htf*li*>t EnjLibia an Liklnr tim- d- jn*k* ■ H^mmeLi- 
miicd, wblrh WHi j^hybd far » Lfma bj k i^jwrl of *li iJvtnce itn Jilt npbt r 
tail lh* pwiHirodHiiioii mi set and* Lnn.Lll itnuL nl|rbLfiifcl, Tbl* <n *«arJlnf 
(n- bit 4i*ii tht'innp, itiJ id Ik* riLi'dnLlmri Qcn>ir>l Jurtinjj'j i!iim iiL.rni htd 
ttttUtitpJ ui J r»pi(li*J »in 41*VftnL vLUcki Id hat* (•"■ J"Jrln( Lh.n *fhu- 
FWM. 9s litlh **<4*aea bad Gnunl L.jmptf#*|. |l*iB ku iTn entmj of tb« 
pnMDf* «r bti rnMBi*nJ en (it Odd, ibil tftwii iilx J"bn Puilvr, nf ibt 
Fid¥rt.U«n.Jf. *t**ft»r»»iJ»owrE.Bi**(L»l*d uJ rtrhjirad fcrhjllij ******* 
M« t* wriar ml to hkoi bjf Fof*, *i b*if-p*#t b«r *VHh4 o^ tt^l rtn iAu- 
■Ht,1t|lltik J*ib«a«'* H«b; M-Ainrf «•• *» *bkb LMptHri vbj. 
Ii *m pal Hill «ft*t r-r.if. it*i iflf pari of L*»x»Unf * eaauiuJ. bcooH 
•Hfhf^-1 wbri> lh«n *tm *«*&Kifl brlawBi ITc"Ml , '» dlThlMi tibd King'*, din^ 
■(«■ «f U' I*. wt>ll • m*^, nijiitb ni nwrim «]n"it tbb WftFTfrUt Pile Id 
*u1 of Jirk^ufc 1 * HtHj|i, rmuHHilF nrp(>tA[1 I* t* mtr«,LlTie On Ihe out 
uj, Ifamieli ll'*** «u ikiraiHsLnfj itfld Bptblimj; !n Jutnn'l tow nil d*JT, 
Bt-niCiil tftrj(Hr*#* m net ™«dr ** P litojwlinB utilil *rt*r I P- ¥- Wblt 
UIUmmI thlnlsliT h«dn*i IWi pp*tflBd ic*ifililn.ljiH ^Ivr. l.ti nipsrilluni on 
lb|l d ly f.i Mlii* * ■ 

"Tli»iiiil Any Ui» Fedtrili idMQMJ ■{(■foil* L„h»n] Jiekion in Tflnr lina¥j 
Jb«*- T hi j- mn Mud* ft* b»ttt* ii> u*<n for liim |h** b D w-i. iiblidrf. (a **fl 

fnr rnlnf*lK*Bl#lll». Alliw*3 ?. 14 . Whlli Lh* bUlll *VtlUlHK drPvfc3 ? . [ 

in riding t" Pit front »b*n. I ™ti'ri »""i- rr«a (t«n#n l» lfo«d ■r-rt B^". 
uklBB m» la rl4i m •• t*.fi of me bid whcni th»* **r* lUndinr. I .;h»nywl 
■f wni i>d lwri*l W ll* plil kriiatad. [ 6m*M lb*" *ct»dLiif «■ m 



£78 S)trifln-fi Historical Snotty Papers. 

high piece of ground, From which they bid fill! rlfjw rjf iho biMJ* bvir-g mads- 
ag*l rut Jac-kAorc. W c *ould ici th.n mjlrj nmwi fif lh» Frfarali Tor mi n j ra* 4 
charge -*v*' Oil itatkKin'* *pftfcepln;/ lint^i They war* galhepad. jn iirsmroie 
force, ana iE mined irnpouiblo that Jackson j ihm I! fit* c(ru]iJ. iralliilmnd th* 
r»n*M. The r"ednrala ranted for ward LttadjLy , tu-rgin^ on in ml id bloc-ki, he*dfd 
direc-llf for jarkAncV* Lin**, Ju>L Lhfji n uoorier arrived ifi gf+ai hjuu toStb 
ordnra frvm QoiiDral Lee For rue to hurry to tb&.ALi.lHtii.nct rf Ji-i'k.iJ.'i], It wu 
in ib« vary crliii of tbn hajile. I had i*ry *nriont dwibb about hoinjr iota (4 
Tench U<ui*rnl -fa;,-k'-ori lb (qfii* Uy bo oF inf «rvica to hi id. J had. n-0 demot,, 
howt-TFT, that I could imptdn or para I vie [fag lntna?p|q n*(* uf mm that wu 
prtwjiflg JtcadMy la hi* ovnrthpuw. W* were- c-Umdiflt; on tho nank oF th* 
id Tunc lag cO-luetfuH. T'lfj" "t|il mi nt Tight anrk-t to itur Iben *jf *i*|onh 
Thfy ware wi I bin ni.;- artillery ringf, md I ]>li,«rt*ipi That n heivjr enfila- 
ding Tlfr poured unrsjwctidly Enhiibolr ehfcrginej column would dbrtincorl 
irid check Id IdiUtd vt ilsiing 1o rcinForee Ju-kiaa. theirofoHj, 1 jetlt dEl> 
fratihM for hUEes-iei to buir^ h» whet a I wa*. In *ri ■ojsctcif.ingiF short time 
Cipmia Witr-y'i ais-gun bat to Hoi 4*3,1 dii-htog up H l full gallop, the horica 
entered wi",h f'-»"i, ir.il lhfr men urjji ng them foTccird. Thnj w-ehr- wheeled 
1jito Tii*i<imi and directed against the- moving FHm.ii k (if ih-o enamT, Tbn Tango 
111 ft-lr, ami ai tbnilx gunt da/hod th* hem* ahrt went ploughine lhroujjh 
thr- aclid IUi:k . if 1 1: i' }" . lii™l>, ij-yinr terrible dhTnare. 

:L Tha reaolE war u anticipated. To* line Jklxi-t-d li?r»n ifn-iunt, itaTtcd again, 
h**il»l*J, rwiiamtd and jirtutd fu-riitrd, «nj tbfn u a rear broidilds wai 
pourod in;o lh-rir r , vYuttO tAlili* And retired, ilowty jutlenlf anil -dtVK'^J 'j"i 
titDCML Jac-kiMn did not p«.iTiu«, ind trio Fcdr-TA.lt hmfitd nFler moviDg bick a 
■bnrL dEl^net , aad iTrarifjed ti> Kfmm (hoi r rn n k+ and renen trio ekam, Ai 
mmiti u tbij k\mf\^4 1 hrtWivtr, tbfj were; obliged to fica Agitr,i; Fj^ntTiil J-*i.k- 
Wbj. Thli eipwod triGir.DFTOiiri*, to our*isnJadlri(f (Jm. Wh now had icto- 
Til ti«(;rir«. Liu [HMiiion, *nA linwn ai ik v Won bid tKhcu ihape and uaTErd. 
on their iccond a^mrll wc puurcti 1 w-rfect hiil of ball* bisto- (5aeir 0A*iha pitid 
i™rw<*d the-m apnin. AHhouffh diicamtlleJ [buf W*rt not faibkcn, but 
intirtd wStli (b«|r >24W, ingr^, jull»« ttop, When Efacj had eonn Tkivnrid thfj 
lair range of our b«(Hr!e4 ihey Fmltcd. «nd tried 10 forr^i t^ihi rjr Iho lliinl 
iA^iill. f now determined lo end cr.u milip, iirtHflg tbn; I hid in «*if rie» 
torv in my gfr-*[>- 1 tlbrntfriTO ordered oirwy bitterj to be- in readintu, and. 
Jr-pw my men 11 ji fui 4 chbrgo, d-rri^niniE; to tbrowthtm. hni(r Ebn hTokfti rtlikt 
or lb* ^ntimj ai bood u my arttllfrj had dbtwrnJ (hem. The Federali 
moved T0tw*f4 coif* en of (1. Whan- [hOjr "re re- Fn rip Ln TdngD efflry gun wu 
opoerd upon themi ind boF^re Ihej hid rcctwrred ftrim (ho ttunhlug rlF«l, I 
iprung n**py man that I had to tbn charge *rifl **#p; do^n ujwn Ihera tih* 
an iTalincho. Thf fd*«t wpmSmpIv pnrjrical. The enemy trokoall |Q [llilDH. 
I pj»hed my nten for w*rd in 1 pell'melL jiur»nii. ho|i ■ng U) tench Hie- mnin 
Finjurtl Mti« a', the iim« time with Ifarilr- t^trrmtlhu' F^rcel, 'We me reeded in 
tbii and drevo ;hn -erifniy l.iFH::k h ]iu.ranErif them until folly tO o'eteck *• ftlj;Ti(- 
fn th* meanwhile I rKisit-ed i note from General Ijff-. ff« hid hetrd mr 
gutrf h and ai-onefl Aunpoted I had thiuEht h l»*t (^ rtli^rn Jiciton in adif- 
fnrenl mUfi ri#f froai ihaL Indirf k* led t/f hi* ofderl. Ho therofor* wrot* ena |hai 
If I hid ■ f^jnd inythEnf better Ihnn reinforcing JickviKi, io puTiun it, 1 I 
metl^O* tbii incident limply toihow Ihuoffl^LaL Trjlationi that oiiited belwuji 
Genwal l**-*^d rrJJf^flf" 

A«MP(3ipg to tbii account LhcwhoLoCTAdil fst lott hattln wu due hi Gr-nml 
L«np(r«oi, iod Gf ntral I^e had m«y ls((lr. w df» »llh it Gonen] Jaeknort 
Htraly wilhatood the nnemy'* atLwki, whiSa f^n^*irt<n wn» gnttin.g ready; 
and iha ^ueatdexn ramn in here very naturilly : Wli*l vovld oH 1 *- v4oo tb.0 
rnju.lt, if J actum and fail men had. not been of tho ilufY to wlOii'»rn) lh* 
■faoe-l of mojo thin tbr-r* timH lolir numocn, for tbn loni; houTi it took 



Tht Boat* ef Gttty&wg. 277 

Lofi£ttr+H to Rtt nudyT 1L miUl fc# born* io in in J ltit,E Ut*itf*l U* wmtod 
to pike lIib niMk on Tin oc*riLjr the d*y before, iswriieg to toLptHsVii 
own jinL.ir.i'n!.. »nd *fjilfd biro Eo begin bL, tu-l Hi* dcmunod ind «»tJ pot- 
mCuioo to Itk* IJHjt I* rbrmoonLtr*. It w« tw*nlT.i™in >*inr* fcn** ht» 
urivil on the fleli ^ftii^ he ■*■ reldj: to Win. *ud if iTifr ItCxii* fcf li<-Ul*l- 
lui, the Junction oJ whith wiin PnjM'i *rmy J ■CklC-11 'J. motemwii bid been 
Sm*td«( 1* TUflMiU-, flttd b**n. iiUFMBil 1* thn fre*n, wb»l i different mull 
tttlfhi hiivH taken ptictl 

It Jllo fctrtdlLrf (hi;, when G«n*Ti,l L« "" ioiUnii for Lon^pimt to 
begin ih* It1*ek »» U4° u li' troapi arrived en ih* 29lh, ha Hid A0ll"Bjr to 
trim, sh giT*him i,nf Ordnre 03 ?fac Sfllb, imlsJ h *t Longitroet m Pi iftw 3 
P. M. a courier irrWcd la gr**t li*Jtn with uinlm from G*ncr*L Lm fcr Mm 
to burr j- tc Hit- fcrtl*(*iX4 of Jm-1(mu; unJ luM- ilnralr QtlWf P*fl 0*n«il 
L« iMk 1n Hh bitlla Qii.1 tnlufru, »u t» writa Ww. » nort* uyinf Hl*L if 1* 
bid Cl fijuna ■njlhir.n; bill** IhJn, Titntorciog Jpttion, to punur j["T L+.1 ui 
ten wbrt Gcnrrml Lon^Hreet '■.?! fa fall *BS«W r*f/ort, inttudtd. tor flflBeril 
L«1 own nfc I?l tfit-t t*|hjtE, iflrr deMf |tSh£ hii itding i* th* freti, ind 
hii dr[erniin*t.lon fa dSrwl in irtitltTJ flre-an Ubn >tlitkLR£ column, be iiyi; 

»Twa hilhrSe*. Win emUrod for 11k puTp*"#, "-"J on* placed In f*xlUoa 
ImffltoMtHilv And. owned. JfM « Lhli flra twm»n b 1 rtCflvcd * mmtat ff(H0ft 
tbn Conir^«»iiJinx rfr-nfm],, infuiiflin^ m* at Qocmral Jmitoft'' cnnilLi^n iind 
hi* winU. A» Tl wn*4vidtn< lni.t llit piHikK ijj»iml GDntral JUMOP cavil 
tml \h> ^ntinu*J Lcn mimSlO* under Lot fine of iht*« bicerio* J miJu rju 
mnvemcat *i(h my Iroopi. ttaTvrt the jocaiid buttery 4^uUJ *« M*«d :d 
jK*i*inn, the cn*im/ V^*ii to icLi re, und ir> ts*i irun !ed oiiduI*? the "in 
*trt tfeitra. md tbn" j^tsUh t<t hi* »rni_y jiuL tv- SijJn- A fiir opporE^piTy 
*u offpreiJS we, uiiii the inHmtri di**r*l«i mJ c-nnnjlfJ tftl* *>» *tLMk- My 
vbiJe linn *u nrfhrf forwird iU chir^i. Th* 1'oop* iptiinf; (^ ("alf mirli, 
4Bd flv-di^d furwirdi with till (fe# *t*±Jinef# ind Brnifi'SV lh*-L cJib.-isIoiIk* wn-r- 
w^rn *c!4t*M. Th* bittBriw,-™n!lii-iiiHC! tbnlr plijy ur*a [twwuhJbrd Biiiaoii 
■Mre-plettd (lie werfcHjf (bis poTtinn nt (lie ^ihouj 1 * Sint, and mj Ml**i w»i P 
ibrtff^T*, m±d* ii^lntt th* reTCW Ln. hit froml. Tbo ^"icr fcr lh« BdT»n*e 
bid ■c»rc*]y^teB jilvt-n. -whni I T+«-iyft i min|{*_frt« l^e &imm*iidiDe; 
tlhrtf-Til, jiDtLfiimlinn Mime *uth cuicr^^FH-j., *-«d a-Td*-rin|f i\K m^V* W^tOB i"« 
thilt C^lnc on, at Ihe intn*; tleift ofllfrinu m* Jfl hjn*-Ot-nerJ»l A-ndencn'i di-Vi- 
■i#m. Trw CemnmnuiDS Gwiaral i«in Jomcd m^i&d,* ft* mJcutei ifer, 
Jtijor-U+neii! Anuflnan fcftiiEdwilh fail (tlMi*:e^. The it!nr]( * u l(d by 
UwjJ-j brit{io>*, dowly napi^t^d ty Ethe^. TheJS *i«i ra[riu^ rtlnfbKM 
by Anions* di^l*ion ftorn [h* Tft*'. KLmjYfr'i IJitCC Ijrlpd** Hiid D. B. 
Jtfn** 1 diviilcn fmn* in*- rljhl, md Wil^*"* bjlriJt f«iin Hi*. I«ri- Th*j 

opiritftd wUh i (wriieoof G*n«hl Jpeliom'i eonvmHiJ. Tli*: i.ti*ckin±; col- 
uiniii nwrrf ptfiOiSy fLirwiid, diiTing lh* tut^.v JWim hii difl>ri>h.E pfl*lilon* 
H M.jitdly Ai tH lojk indn." 

Ttc cl«imt her* Ee*do »» eioibi'inl tnrHSign. fa *H potueScnDe, but !!■***■ h 1 
tiltl* rMrt left fuP* luirikJMi tbil Jbcfhvii'j men hid tomnthiing lodonltfi 
th4 MpliSi* ^f thfi ™* my frcan inrir rrwii, #od Ui»t il w»i no4 el) lh« »«pk of 
I^ia^*Lr*n:f* two niltfri**, nnl th*t th*y ".l»o b»k kunt f*H Sb Ida purcniE of 
Ibn *n*-my. Tlie rele'.ie^t wbi*n Gen«ril Lm It htku« to dcit to I^njitrtirt 
GrjMrallGft* tdd tn# tattt*, itc T*Ty dillVTent Teem tlmu inJicileJ Fa ti»*"*»*cl, 
trOH Lktj iruck in in* Tihif*. 



OmhmI Lp.% wmf-t fmpk • JMml be* ** it* waok pn^tt, 

hJ MMnil b a* bib.**; 

"AbauH P- M-, [fen niDT hiTltij; tt-, P imm| Kk lr.«.[* in fmni <il <^n™»l 
Jtrh-nit, *ijx*r.r«d iciinil fcti p^tinr* in pIt«i£ ^p L *. III. frr^s lint pn*bnj 
forward until Brii»j;«| hi rk*c ouirlrTf bjr J*r*Miji'j ir.^ij*, -wh*n iti tiragrj'H 
™ cb«ih«J , »P*S h Jnca ntid bl«idjf i!ru£|Mi *n>upd. A mwiuiiJ Hud !lilnJ 
m* r mf f h-nl ■trenglli, mi>v*rj lip in purpart ILp flrti, bc,E, Iri lining hn, ung 
whlilhi mv ramja.mf a positi^rn J4 little In iijt-nhfn at l^ifcjritevcri lrit. H* 

I r,.!|.r*| ::[. :w.. |.:i1!*l ri,.m:| (u... .■ llih-feh ftirirnrd 

*Ulll tfin Ktiiin lErnn bj QotiiheE 5. 1?, Lt», ninlir llnlr wi-ll-<|i|Y<-:ciI fir* iiifl 
■UBattttULg linn w,.p» brofcrn and fttt hm-k In iMiflfaibm. ThtJr i*jw>m#iE 
iffiuli <o filly wire unaTilHnLE, *-hJ f nvis«.n'i I roof*, bring ibiM rdiaffd 
frntii tlio nfuMiir* ,.f ovir*hflln»lnc: minrb*n. brflwn |u pruH n^illlj- rarwird, 
.tru ru ||. h ■ ii . !nj> lH-f^Ti ih^m. tin r-v+±\i*l la tvh f ni |.- n . «i iffi-ri ni£ K-vvrrL* 
■ram our aFuHUrjr, whiL-b idviotrJ d* hg FTlirrJ, fl-npral Lartjptrflvc. «nlrci* 
HMf lHtiil4ir for* f*a0f>) sH^nncc. h>t 1Ji«-w hi < •nhii» ^iqinMini cub it 
It* y*d*ril *«,Uv uJbfL E*>3 j twa trH**W (wlfew-jl by Ith^M Om 

.bll* fb, Ui m hri^blH *f Wikn -wrr.«*«*n* n pU WtTnJ MmkiI 
■■ bb riffe*, D. S. ;«■ aahraprt* ** Ih- nlnvi rifti, -tJ lb* 



wnWk Um my* ■t#mdO r oa. 4rirt Bff; tfca «*n*^ with fwral w«..p. fr™, 
thfr *mwlH . prfti i n . ml 10 P. M . wbr* f | hi pvi tii ad loihi 

ttttirMMd thi ■limit" 



■ n<l L^r 

Jl «M nal «ll twigiiTwI'i d»«1* torn, tbu JwliKin Jinig hh mm h*d Kmfl- 
tolii|f h> Hoi villi i ( . Thi.1i LcmpiErwl'i Ln^if*, Hrkrii (ifM"* !«rn«d lowcfungnil 
Willi III Ihiduh irid pdUkilrr ]»f tilik, jrn ...n* itlll |iF*|rT,,J h»-d*ny j but Et 
h«tii«J in it|ui*L lnl*rniiTi»lil«- pdrinj lifpifri Mmf »f*ra Iiroiifibl Lntani.tusn, 
■nil ..ftnii wpi ullrrfJ 111* in3liwi *pnulry, by IIhjib »1h> fer f«* |||* hirtt 
Imjn. fiirn-fi^n^imt BEhtin^ PofWi ■CL"uiiki|l«4|Ei|f falubir^, * Will LiMiplwt 
nirrr Lwjfln "t }i It, [i> te wcndmed Ibil 0*ii-^«: l.-n hail vhi»i» to Ibe u> 
ftJMhiri Ihil Laap|i«t4 w*i rtsTJ ibw, tawtrtr v*ll bi fouflu, «b«n *nc» En. 
MlEoaT 

It I* if, Im *U*f tmI Uut G*Mt*l UinfH*wrt. En bb hwowiI mt IbEi baccL* It 
IB- irlKlt In tb* Ti-vt, hi* il»i "Dmnril J*rk«* 4k1 tm pana«v" *biL* 
Omul L-wmj>: " Tfctir HpHte4 ff*rhi iDrvRf w*» »iTi»li Bfr uii Ji<k_ 
WftV wwf, briae ikoa rdirna ha fba |H a* an *t "^##ratljal»i anakhH, 
h«fW |* at** H^dil 7 famrd, drt^nj tb* *a*njr Ut-r* Owai ' Tb*ij]Y«- 
Mk« ta ba itpiavtni rrma L(5Ti^lH#t1 iblifwl Ii liki J^k,*™ n»fc » 
fiBrLbrf |iiK aii ibn lm||l# i!Ur tbfl iro*vjit vr* ni^iibafl h«flb kL frntil, but ba 
! I«ns<.tr*rL | luo iba tlrtpnr, Tb« fict ii Ibil G*B#nl Loan4n«l alwir/l 
pran^ hlntalf iFVatpaMa of dmlns Joilln la Ibi trcap of otbnr* whu ftnfght 
In C«nJll1flliHi nHli bEj own. To ib»w hew dlflbmtl Et wp* yrUK » WuEf ejr*«t 
kaldlH. *Kn l-hiuI-:| iffuphl to itcorJ li> Mi mh*|aaM tlinlr dui ihun <ii" ^ n * 
florjr wen In bnlilA, ibn folVwInp ^lfkcE Ii n-lv»lv from tiirvsnl Jacbjon'i 
rs[»Tl In rr(f*rd to Iha iimi bittpp. HtUj'l': 

" \firr ii Mir ,'.> ~ .:•.„.-. ibbntafifcEajr. a nJ f ■ m s ■ hum- m . i .: <hi i:^ *!:' •■ i »t. 
lb" y«dinl lafialrr, i.tM«t 4dVl«r^ En iJi» rTPr^f, qniKTwl fro>n uiMJCTOCTar 

"< 1^- w-.-l in. I :.iha:i..-.iL ^r ^•.-7*' I n**„ !in! ■ ..,'.1..^ Ihn r,^!-,;, 'j.., | pBB] 
plLrnJ.npr |T« i.l,£^.i lip Uk (TDlrT ud JVfL la * t*W liMBMBU inl IlDj* Mti 

■"I«f J in * -d*roe and iiDfniufv ctf^jql* «Elh It* WKOIJ. A* *M littvll 



f*f»M r u-tWf toot bplHul pnMi kmt* m if tortinJ, by faw» 
rfi,^hniriliif]f>fwita)l;t*^tnrMt«l)PrilleM S^inpHaMI 
and wIl-iunaln'Hl *rre tbfw <™«1» a* 1" ladiH* hi* M it** *■ 1»+ Coannmpd- 

lfl( R»ivN-al !m TtlRfH:.H*m*oi*j bat tb*liut*l* *tiil ciUnil advanc* « *^*^™ 
IjMHilrTrt. r«n llio ^gkt, r*ljnYi^ hit trcofit from ik* |im*ura of oTrt-Brnplitt- 
Lnc niifnk*" inJ gift to tb.we fcnn.c"pn*n thr> tlianfutf *■ "'&™ «yal conftici- 
4* Ijcfiift^^i (►foi.Bd iijhmi tbET\fli1, tNn rVdaial *i1t*Hc» «■ i-lm-cksc, aiid 
hkiil A £fivr*l *i|v»||.-.' ii? in.y *lir.|» linn wni *iP^r*o. lUfTih BluS B'-w+lj 
did *m-li lirlfudH pr«* fiwward h *jhlbiitln|i In |mtU »i Hi* •■■Id **1* *[•»■■ 
•fir oim1»T *!»■! murJarou* strife do* wlHiiwd. ihVii In lh* Hit mml of faHUfc 
Th I-. ilnml* why* *»)■ lmfar* oar trrop*, frll li*"k In iU««t.1nr, "ml (UJ pre- 
<1,ill*klv. l.iELk-iiiiif lliikr drud, ftud fc.undfld «it ill* (i-k] Durinf 1luir >**"** 
th* *rtl1li-Pjr uf*n#d with. tlofnMtiv* p*«w oiwli !«i*j fupjStl** nun. Til* 
iftf*t*tr* funtoww) ithkll ftpka*** put in *ad U) th* puhnill." 

A fVf el *<*tf bS* *t»^n*™t of th* «f*T*UDB» ml J"**m4 Muimb*, to iW" 
(h* ..IT ..L»t TfUtl-iti b*t»«Ti G-nTiil !*■ "*d Mw**V. <l«B*fml L<*h**twai 
E l*w* l« bttm, M ftwfc Cotmwl Taj!**!** l***4fc** **■« Qaml **+>to 
«W> *b* ki*4Jy p*l*us*l n-^tuv tail «kt-i fart**** ■»" " lf ™* O***™ 1 
LMir.dk«* lUflBtUD w*pA c-p *■* mUI fit***' t* *BBtemrt*fa*t »k«A 
ulwlllllJHtkilikin-rHfHtrifi^l l rf * t -|p«-*'. l«t4W«*-ta 1- 
ul^lH «, Kiihnr fa*»*«f W wt*i fa*4 **** ■tUad. *4 kpfelfBiL, M 
m»rii»nlitkaut tii him nndrT *M ■dwumitinor*. 

It may t* *'M»»**d M**, tfctti "Wis Grout*] l^fijrilrwl fail (jwi » Jrt»t 
ftnn* a*n»Ml I** lo Him. writ*™ *io« it* W*T. 1* *°*<* l fc *kr tllrfl T P™****! 
■vial Mi*, fch h*J nhv*r tit ft*** (!• full Kkt "f !»'»' IrtW *' JinuiiTi 18Wj 
Uoia which Efad b»l*T * xIthcI btivtn nlUidwl Is *U tah'". Ji«iifa ill* «Hw:t 
h r*|M>nlnL In th« nril nrtlcle- Lh ill* Ti»tt*- 

B,JV.rr-|B|t H* *» poln-ln m»Js in th* !■• niMti irllili, G*n*ri3 I*cvp4r*** 
hti Ifj |bd *«^njd irtlsl*: 

■'Thtrn H"»* I lupported witb iV "^*S p»rtiritl*r pwaf. >/nt » jLilkI* 
on. ^f ieifih ku bwti toatwwf Led. Tit truifa «f ■ *ln*li l*wt, at Hm «ir«^U 
n«+..f ^ ..b V U opUU™ 1v4 J*wb E> Ikil uikl*. baa m C 6**a duprort* 
Va* j ttm of laafli k*« tnui ^aaMi#HJ — •*•• of Ifa*" * M ™" 1 - 



If Ut**fiPllfa-i™Tl«*rfb>^* a»* y|i l Mwi ■«** b*** 
■ad Mri ** |b*m i>T»rtin>*B, &*■ lbTlkt » m *mI>j tat 
MUll lb*-*, awl wfcf*o* *• Jauaja pT til Ibli 

■ haortfT 

If fei fall twlainti ky pw*f ■ ttflutj ftrt w P*il*il« t*rt baa t*ffl 1» db- 
,, u t,.. I am n»l awat* «f It Takt, ft.? ift.Unra. lb* lU**a«i » t* tbo "ier 
fcr Ibi iii*c1 on *b* «coud d«jr gf tk* k*ul*. B**M** bl* *wn M,ul» l*flfi 
fan fait *ddwc*>l ibfl Itllflracf fw*r p>ntl«m*n b> hb poof oh Ifatt quwdtra. 
Tfart* «f th***acnilnniEn hn*W nfllJiliiB of in «^*T I* H1wi *l wnrlw. or ai 
tny punlmlir Hem, bu* Mlt*f ihnm. In ■ i"*f t ■■' bla l*l»t wfakl was nip- 
prfuad, lav* ho *ra» *f th* I.TBpT«*iwn, fputn f|fl*Ln clnnihitlint**, tkit ma 
opd*T wm jflTill fof »ft attack at *■ tsrlj 1 Ml buor ■* prasil ■=«.!>** an. Uii »rtill4 1 
aad lh* JtfUfib uti fan know* ef l»**rf** to iM *i n.nri-, anl ■!■* n^ 
Iklefa iurh ii onl*r %*i (i**o. for iwnl wfakh li* *Lad*i r ahJ nhjeh I HiH 
l* h ■■ilnly uaatUbCtorf - Tbii h hia Tfapt* phMf *m lb* ^o*rtkB 




HI Southern J?i$taric*i Sxirfy fltptrt. 

«i I* ih* «*r. Om tbtdn rife «ihiil«HHnl FnAiMt 
that fK*«*al Lh l*JA bato, « the sight at th* int. ii*t ha had [it** lb* 
*rd»+ fee L4*f*U*M I? attach il mar-it* aait muralag. IihuiI La* f'r^nH 
to Iba piiUmut wfttrtd to bj Ofntnt Fill 1m, "that Uw bulla weald 
hnth L*rri [lii.hj it iirtirtti lxm.g»Lrwl hid <tb*y*d ibi erdrn given aim, ud 
bul mad* tb* kElut early I Ml 4*4 CI* Ittt," QtnlplL Had ■■>■ thai Long' 
■Lr*fl Mid (o him on tan morning of thi «w*fljt ''Hit (haml if* liUJ» 
hWrnlii I lilt morning; fan wiiho m* til attack ] I Jo nnt w\*h Ufio *0 *itboBl 
PkHitt- I tMWir Ilk* to p> Into baftt« ■ IUi «aa buot off."' Hood, got op 
bajfcrttufitLM, ind htgim HrenLeirnjDiiLflbL'H L*ndLnjf toilu-ar th.ii fr*fi*rtl 
La* *rft* inluijj ba on lit tit itiuk i| tia-r. tlabnral I.hiCi^iimti., In l)=i firit 
•MIC I", tui itattd till UeeceiI lit*, it HP, N , of (hi lit, ai t|<jtjflrtdl Etla 
p*rpa*a u-r aLUcMng the niiin; to* mil daj, Ibu ha franlibad. in thai parcm* 
UU it aiffcl aftitHl bb own rapealad hbohIiiiu*, ud that h* riiun^l It 
BbMhtufef. An lit* rtnuplMi fmai lb*M mtiiusu is4 
tr* Lfc (a+# *f [Ac OKmlm *f Oi a iaJ ~— ■**— — *- iin^ 
a« oaHBBBBBld wjtb QvacraJ Uii dtcbala lia a U Ewelt, Soda, 
vaa] tn» wlf, u lart clot* rf lb* lnt r ll beanm awurd. l*# Cutnl L&a££tr**l 
L* aij thai ha hat ium«Jti«4 ill bit r*cLi and ofiLii lo«i tiy Ltr hhmL particular- 
prroft It li my mliWt, b^&nd all, marniM* dpuVt. lhal Central Laa 
lnd!l«L«J la him Lbn duire Im him m itUri m a trrj r»rly hour as lh* U. 
It hi poHlbla, and in fufl. p^hitPjl*, il:*r, n" |in r r,n|i!,^y crdir ni given to 
nufca Uii attach at uij ipatiflftd Urn? . ImL Lh* pUTpM* mu*l fafcva tun iniL- 
»Ud In- a haanonr thai rtculdi 1i»t* biJ Ibf fcpf* ind effwL of a p*Ti*nipliorj 
»rd»r »llh »n* wb4aa dulj It w to ilkmm] jirom|ittj nnd rtrJlillv all Lh.« 

fl Li b>j«nd til dJipuL* UiBit Oasunl L.Mi(pUwL tb*u|d(l G^Ditml L** J # 
purpdM af BflMUaj; tba rntmj al u airljr an hour u nruuejibk, bjf bat 
tthtH am ia jjKwnurtpii'Lua 

Wbaa ba aaacfu cbu hji irtt^p* lW|bl <m tfc* JJ «-Llb 1**™^ «nnfi iai 
* M »Ui*j t aJI Cho£tJm£tj mil *jdmLt it* fart; fesd if« win b* bmctH llwi 
Ihaj^attlltaibaaitbiaa b aaai-^llBjjTaj J^a^jywijf UrOyl 4a u r lt)d, H 
IfcicUtai VkMbaJ^ariJ to aaaat wiLb— 1 riaHfmp*, lhal aweb hdna; m>aM 
U lb* biBUMilili (jiidiSi Af a, 4vt?aii4Hirr In bl* Irwfx ; but wbrn b+ bj#cfLi tbal 
hi* tho*p* "TlrtiuLlj (bupKl ipjai- ik* »h-;.l» Vr&tr^ atmjr,' " lo* idea al 
HH Mltf*LJ IU*lf. Lhll, If UVfH irrrtpt, »hfi OiTin n in »r ■ j^rrna undtf Idnb 
rimjEBiliBHi, bad Bad -* Laadtr tPtn(Mlrtil to lh* «iftnl«ft, asd bad b#Mi ltd 
|p ballla In the amrLj mornioj; *f H4 Bljf Lllft* In Ibl fcr*fl*Sn-, wild *!l rf tbl 
Pcdtint army bad eat irriviil n .1 ■ ■•- h(||k «f It lh*i WNi i*[» Ufa* TAMMJ «D 
111 rljfhl. In front <>A out laft, TLttorj iniiiL InevlLilily havd aaiiitJ. ~Wf can 
but [truant tbit lh* bnuac caurAjr* ami daah «if inch troapi vera nadvnd 
povarlaM bjf Iba lajrdlji«a cf their ttadar, and Ibit whnn Lhty were flrta 
!«■■•■' li m fur the- dLipla; of their prowMi, It wai but Id ba iKrlflccd 10 fall 
■ I-- ■■-;■ >*■■■■- I-,:- plUabh V? taisk lhal i\>-^ • .; 4 ■■-■■! --" ■*■"- >'.^>^*ii 
14 ilauajfatw l« a datpcnlc ilmanjla Ear Eb* bright* *t Jt«t»d T*f», ijmiail 



i (Jutted batata, lb >a?ttiJB*r4ffal. of |k* .TadtnJ «m]T utJlletlodE 
F. M ., a*a«i *W«b (fet* tVty t«i «i«il miihfl,irt wl WTMW Un&y 
ibl* (a tMit Ibd Round T*p La tin a to hn El fmlp ih iwulling cu«4-"»a- 

B.*d tit iuor#m«Dt begun, ens Iwd Dean winir, eb«|, pniJA( k "-blcl M< *d a 
u|i *u Iha k*¥-p»Lat to hli wba-ln pntttaa, nflJ lb* pa*M**hH *f wbkb bj 
u vuulJ law praTHEtted limfmsn heldlf-i »n.y at \h* grnLiad, weald ha™ 
fallea InLo Lh« poMwuioii of Bwdl M*f* with ILLtk or no dudEhU br tirkw' 
Iito|h, llnl Mivd Ihal jnjjnl fram eanlurn, lied o."l lh"a itiTtrd TrOIrt Khi 
•0*mjf'+ TifJlt, jJVflri ifci jjtittei, wbkli U ti |,Ff* *d U«ntfel Lsnpl-fWt 

-did mvl t lL*| wUld D6L KRV4 JpHdbd Lh tin nr»intjll lu BacUTA E'.nir prriv*.! Jit 

lb* fotind Tcp Id tine, If Ik* aumnlt ca It had tnui whet lh*y hh Iwa w 
ilhf*t dUm *■*/. 

TI* »ltnii|M le *lw.w kbel li* mm 14*1*11 Hue did heprum would binlbl- 
hnd m «(kI H MftHlMf (* ■* aaj ether femit if* ttf- fvlvttfei, *» **> Qt*= 
hllH. It |* H*4%4 ** ■tfcrtmio it ij \Jn M»lJin=ajf nf K*w**»l «iw" , *f 
■VlaMwfahf ****** «/ U»H> lartinm*- fh™ 1^4 44*1*1,1, l« «**•* to five Hwa i 
AaVrai uulif h> thai ialcwkd by la* u*j(Wi tee|Lfjiaf . Bn u wEtil 
I* Hid *e Us»l tM*J la tae articl* - 

>iLi(h JJH**^ frrurw th* liinmiioo do la* nwrnlnr of lb*. M Ijumbji the 
nigh* nf in* In 0*o«*l Sickle*. r**u^ wlm ih* Third «rp* upon, th* KTn«*4 

Ltibii b*E<k«ri 4 1 r III' r_.l HlEHK^ I "frf. *nn| faiund Tup, Cl*fl+f*l tl^ifT'idiTi. 

lion rf tlv* Tw*lftt] <«|-p* s«Lhp^iBi p*rl uf !bi M*n* lid*. -tlin*"il Mtmta 
hii jl«" flnifit aii'kf« *rf6r» ea *Ctupy H^ntl Top If ti win jjracUt»H* ; 
Hi J III *■• |l v Ui hi* <|'.m*tLi.Q ti to »-h»l »ii-rl °f Evdl(Un It wo, (itrunl Sicfclt* 
fawl kn«w>rfv], ^Thcrt >l fle |^*lu«n thvrt.' Al lh* fl«! «ljffi» (•( Rttivity ia 
our r*nki 4in the M, GtscnL bi«lcl** lnw*Bfti. ifi^TnhiDinl v» thil m ■*■■« »VmJ 
(SfiLuek; blru. *nd *o rt-porlrt (oUrnrtftl K*»Jei, A» out mciv* pmgmMd 
hH ipnrrlipr.iiiir,! i-rr eeihflf jritd , lad. btinc unnniy n( |lm |n»h(l it, In whicn 
111* Iroupt Slid lxjrn kr;, icid t^rtue lliat D* -wu ibnuL lc rrvfhTT b»rtl*. h« 
4*lr*™nhrJ n> win Ehn v*n L*£f pimH!^ il» frc«l erf thft j*-ct fffhiird. WllJt' 
nul ^willing t-nr- ntdftri, h» INJllhc-i forwind pnj UhiL Lh* fKithlljC d*Tirrtd. 

H*>nwliilr> iJif- rrporli ini^t te <jfatp*l llrttd* drvw h-ii> tLl^tilivn la P"> perl 
of ib* ft»U. ud Jullf b* rode ml jnM La |in* u> w* Lh* bail** open . It «i>t 
W *•**, lUlfllflll, IJ>*H *3#«Kml eu^ta' ip**w, «ad *J| ia*> Mm*nu of lbs 
kral l»ft *n* *LirrlT Mmta af rain*. 1h*j M«it hat* Mi««**l bj 
r#M*li Jarritabtj, huIKf -t-i ii*v bad lawa aaadm. Had Uh Htwi 
i ■ — rlt *»rtl*fp "f bUae, n aaoaM ba^i i4M lh P*dfrab> awn ]*b4 at 
iitf ahd H »hJ wk>i ibv m«* i^llI-j— «sn>nl Ibtt if 1 lin ■iLtct4d earlier I 
tbaald ban had G*arr*diThWQ «f t*- T^rHiJi en*** <■ a>» laivi^tc^ f«iat 
la addtLkin Li tfv* Tainl «rt». Tti* wmlii t»ruihl| but* ba*n tba effort *>r 

la hi* iHllniniiv, (]«b*Hi1 aitkl** m*-j 

14 At 1 V«y «*vrK irmr OU Thur*d^ mcmlai I r*sr*iT^l a fiBLlAn(]«t |bel 
ttrrtf r B l JlmilpV rwadauBTleri nad Ltf«^ *jL.bliilirtl at IlsMjiliiHru, end I "I* 
dLr*ciMl by l.hti lo rakUvs * d5\l*!*rnjf Hi* T«i|flll <vr|i*, {0*ne»fll Qee.Tjr'e 
di%lii---i(, I'lh.r.h.l whieb w*d laufrcd i Mill* to bij tnTl, mJ *b|>-K btci fakaa 
pwltlcih- iJiif* darlne: Ihe TiipliL, 1 J"l », e»p*Ftliif(. hi-w^ver, Lc U*Ji*t*I 
MnCtfMhaL Lhitdklii.ua wu ten in pn»luiin.. I -■= »«■ mr»ljf nimrd in mf 
TirtaHj; Lb* l#ni» uf fail ordc; leeEned Lc hinJireln a kuii^Hmliiim uti hit part 
liitl It. Jlk-lntTipi iM IB p»ttkiBL ■••#■•« 

"' MM fetftal tftv1r«4 inr t.rtSrf* 111 |T |W«** L> BIJ BBa1lhlB r *nd CibMTT|-*.J 
DM tb* •0#B»J> BKFTCIUPllEj oft ifa* J*jftk *b(u| j tWfbl la b* Mwlmn 



2-": J Sovthtm Hifteri&i Socufy Ptipers. 



icf *4*rf(B uUr fart tBaUat* UM.nd fbal *-fia»nf tab* 
■liniliWr paisl,. 1 wml Ib pwaon to hradquirtert t*J rrfniflrf fit 

land cimnntlinn-i wbitn IrJ in* to fcellavi* iW iii HUi'.t vr.-.ri.| In- n?»da 
thar*. pnd aifcfnl fi-r i.-n^Pt. I rllnl pui f «d v« anj »rdrri, anil I found tbaE 
my iin|'rr*-|-.in ■■ to thn intention of Ihn mcmy to aLLark In (tint JlrH'cLun via 
nol «irnrurivd Ed. At hf*Jhqtnrt#r»; itid I iu 4-iiLiflnd, ftcim i n T rni itL ,n wfakb 
1 r*rth*«J, thai 1.1 wu lacrftArd b> r*d**( frvm Ct*ec^*hfi£ I aifc+4 Gnml 
Mull to pp pit !»*■ a ll a na l m 1 h-r left bad exaslai IL Ha uUf bti mrtMUgtr 
awaladtd mptrmll torn Lu da Hui 

Q'aMr'j divLpi^n wn rt-mflTcd vr>ry parly in Elin ntiirnl n>r;, and. rlk'ilfV corp* 
MUnillinNB [fin! flint, il^ns, until till to tlt» afk-rnoM- It an In Iba m ora- 
ls ( kbai lu «*fw*M in Hrad* ■*» if prrbrara cf u lUacb. m Iba* tub. ai 
■km by HnJ*» tntlenoaj, u4 pat aa anaaf*«»*BU w*t* mkU &f ^m*. 
FrniiijE (tnffvt Ed dip* I jucn in allkelc, and SluLli'. Jul nbL (if IfiW jwuHlfin 
UbUI ti#»M fr'-ntorh, In facE Mr-win h-nii bc*n |ip>ijectinp; in illark from hk 
H(bt fl*nk sHeur l»fl urilil thm ifHirrnwpi, when Lk nu rer-jrli^ Inipricticablt 
B> thae, *fd*f*d ill* fifth iwptlfljItWf Prtr to lb* Irft ihnt 3 VBhcb P. H. 
!■ br* < W»tf^ y fcr ftp*; 

''AVnji. Eii1f-p*ht Ihm c'c-lcvli In Ihn* aflLf-rTiittnn — It hiring bm nrportivj |o 
tdd About two «Yl«li Lh.r [fc.* <<|j|(h (-o+pj h*<l *p-MViJ^i ppmJfwIeJ frftlii 
ln*Ji|nnrkT*, ^-hk-Ji **tb about 111? inntr* of Lh* In;'- urn! Id etit «f Ibncr.m. 
tffTi 1-i lh<? eitr*rn# kfl, In £ih!|r lauiii lit th* puiiiaj; *if lfc# Klfib turpi., 
nod alto Id iuw( 1ft* PftiiEtoEi fit lb* lliird c-fn*, *inwt -"Hi. k t n ■■ 
4**K • • * • Wb*B I anind oa ta* Eiwaad, vbkb [ lid i J» 
, k"Em>'N^ WTor* (nr e'eloet La ihr ■firfwp*. | fotubd fifrftrhil Si-ctlri ha4 
1ik<ii a | — n i ■. - 1 1 V..M fiijiei in nJiniirfiur whit It hntl Ertn mj 4i.!nrm..n lh*E 
h* iJiimj]i( tad*." 

fl*n?fi] Warm). «ft*r pa^iTig fa» b*di l«ftm.twitl*l In fnnE «f ttttir riijEil 
and nil kwd. affaiail aa MlKb IJM>f» + *44»= 

■■'Smin iJlr^-wmnfp t "Jf- cvul. wltM!*!!?™] Jfoi^^ :■> naming lh> Ufl <yf oof 
tln»-. wfi#r* Ccnnat Mcblu wi*. lib Inau fjiiU hand)* b* Mid Lo ba Jn 

jHulLltm." 



Hf th-B i*Ti that h* »«nt la Itriind Top, bj Haada'a dEnellda. ud I 
Hl f i ***E mni t* Head* Ibal Ibal paiat araaU baia ta bt ocwpioi ™iy 
rin«|lT. Xaada Ibca ora>f^4 a dLrliieB af Kjkai' -corfA, aralf li va* cobiEb|; 

Up p lb lb* l-niticn, md Wirmi mvi 

''•Plii Lr-oopi nndnr UeniTi] fij-l(n» ijrrlw^ L«Pfl|r In |Jnaa to lava Hoiuid Top 
bill, atnl Lh*f bad « <rmty 4mptrv\+ Bijhl to Enid It" 



i Ibaai i-lK-»c*itiii#rt , ibaj. '■ bad lb* attack beta auda 
aarlivf vr liln r w kWuld biva hti. iJk F^l+r-li nuu Jiut a* ibijr did, and 

¥ril)i lli? Hmi ret ulti ,' ' irp^iea a ilr^too of ikLluiDiuiai ca th* |iirL cf ih< writer 
■i" ■"!'■ I .-. ■• >. ■.:,■.• . r ■: fI M ■ . ■■• i ' ■ ■ • l.'i:^ ■■! ' ■ m.diii 
vbkrt L* flUP«*lhHH Tbi id™ ki, Ulal, if LmaitFwI'i CQlsain> rt»d j(aa.* lu 
lb* alt** k a: iirtrtaf +< c at aar Haw 1m lb« atora(»t. ■ Im. H pwf* ab^nhcadad 
iw aEtarb ib Caa| BaBTfr, aad Ibaaaa T*p mai bd4 «mBi«d ind M kat* 
nvtblnf iwf liba ^haeai'tar ai th* (K'UhJ. ba «u<iM hivi btvo ablt- to iiiibfl pf*- 
rfulr lh* hisd dEi|Hn4llun» befon* Ihn tncmjr wM Hatbad |.y ^njHrwl'i 



Tkt BattU of GWfyjtow^, 

nihiU |hal a* wii twM I* BLkkw ia lb* il hm I, ift»» h* had 

UMt **»k , id SyfcM UUtn km fW fat* >^»« *1 &*■ ti*f Hfjfai to 

|fa* brt, krfan Lonprtml* kItidqb fcrprti ; M»4 H » *fc*llj nMUlU It If 
wry appair l llixi nrntrhd Lpdr>f*ltTrt l>» us* lb* t*BWt*H tOHBjlJBR af tha 
Impv-rtaiif* trf t^bUly Ift |rf+p*rtfc£ feffni MnGurMiiH: »fl att«*. AjfemJiTij 
kuMtown *4nBl*»kiPi K lit WrttwJ it Tl o'clock \rv til* JVwrHma. Iba po*ilirt 
wd*? to rnalii I fa 4 fcLtwek, Mid Jfrt H H»b blm until 4 a^toek in (bo afternoon 
Id i{#t irmilj- 1nr |b*l pHtf-i. TmnfjIiL* S4on*wiiH Jwk»D«i lafaiBg flvn Iwurt 
to TfT*i|ih"Uri- lh* anr-rajr'i poaiiiun nnJ. K<"t till "ii Iru«.p4 Ih pWuLtlan 
btfe» t*a,lr»nln£ fail dTinn, »fWr n;iALh£ l)ii fllfeult Ui ^t uh Hitttmr* 
Mght Qri.nU. ■! CbiDcnhLonvilb, Etturt |$fflf Lh# Imp* Urn* Hi t* Informed of 
tit* B4*nl itil tu- pripare ft* ft*rt*tlt^ tba pm|*rlwl M**, irul whil h cm it 
I, would fair* bwt (i* r**a]tt li IL liri punlful ifail hn>lwt *f 
*k(ary wbifb crowned till c*f*tmf U>rt lirti»mt«l btro, tlwrt 

*•*»«■?■ mrrraimH 

Aqrtim^ Hii avatar I I* W»Mb| tb* «**l F ul fail fcnfrpJLqg 
at faM«i*. **«. "iy |«*™i ™t*» *f *** "«"i ** **«*•*■*" ib»*ttfc* ■*• 
BkfetV It *** t'n dulf U>h*,*t±tt«?4*d ihe »**•** tfa* C«™wdfcn.f &«*- 
nJ vilkvnl ftiwaiion, Bad ntvA*«*k>fl their (imllrt *l *•«, wilb lb*4rM»> 
mHnllah la d« all in li i» [**rf c* In-iur* tbrli **ct**» Tb«| fa* did tiM 4o *o, 
bal ni-Miimfd m qutitiMi ""* widdDm of Qnicral I***'* J«liLna r »hJ ^fif 1 " 6 to 
H W* own JuwtfnMt, Li ibnndhQllr l*ttMiltj>l "bflr tiltawn repulsd doclir* 
(km. Ik ward iota Hie 65(11, frtlrt tk* lw|jlnnl«]|r, wl(ll thn *i[ff.:IHlon ftf 
twins, Aiv4 tl'pna h« t-ci;, Ofi« who Jntnnnlnp* (■■ Hj^liinr* lynH *-l *"■ 
hiurJi, h>* wim bull Lli« t»!«Sn, wkH» ho whu «■*■ ^ Ihn p*rforn*«B^ ^f my 
unil*TtiiHi*it wLLh nc lui[* of iiil-cqu Li nrt likclj (a iil«c*KI nnJ«T tta niDrt 
(k,Drp,Til* rikminibiiMW. Thi* Li ilk. ■pplirtbl* to Ih* run *t lk* iLuaR*rd 
KbiMl^Wy i.Ik, think* M» w^-t 1t* kt»Tj-, «i*d tll*t«CiH will N<H l»T Imi fc»ni 
bb |™i^ti, in.L thai *f tk* r*!u*4BJi[ CWp» CJc»n»*Bil*r wTiU <i»* 1a th* pe¥. 
i *f lb* 4«V iitlfcad faim witk tk* kihkf lh*4 kw k tkuiad tritb 4 

i f L j J i f r i* m liule napil*'. ** ha iihA (b*» <bi — »■ ■* <**«• 
|k I i ^ i —I t;- II* uBrtHrUlBlj *Hk «U«b all bit otif 
■wnii ww« IMl^iW, "i bb *Jw«-t lat*™i1n»l> ■)' »? . r»nd»t«i It i«pacri. 
bit IW nthiIi bnrW *btft k* «u rwdj tf- btJ fcrtiiBlli' H[i*ii, lid tk* 
<Wk&lilBl Hinrpftrt »»bi 0»iB6 him whh 1 *a»Jf bul ["*>*■ U* »l» ii at 
full I* ¥Mj K*n*TlJlj Apt H» Lty lha blimO nn Hilbir. fof WbM Li due to bii 
own ibn»k*Bi(ft(i. 

Thrr» M *H*ln Ib LkliiKorjL otIwI* ■»■ --llit*l -n L» "■"!» !li,<of UkId liBTing 
■bwn kroiiiJ Jit«((h, the *1»J« rf Carwirpil E^rl^ " Ity Lhi* li m-iflt tba 
pMtlnte Df lW>*i*f wy !bH[(iftn In b pc*lii*n W rf 1 "* 51 ou,p ' ,ft ** T|I( 3 wbiqb 
wH fry n:'i li -iimMd bufflre tht ifriTiil if rt(U;*rfi (btbI^, TbLi hju bten 
CallT^ijililatd hwitofare, ■□■< (Ue hrfl tltaTiti lliBt [Im-p ^wi* Irigul-™ ntrir 
eaulhtuLfJ ibj pwt «f figr Ub*j jb tk*L LI mm h^l k*A« b r tt ™^ **=* 




284 SottlJum Miflmtti Stfitty Pxjxrt. 



At f«hfaa Ikfj OU^Ifi |f 0*Mf*L LottMt** f*»d ft Ettdf- 

l*f f-KtHM* a* lh*«d, I* *f4er topnrtfet hki tt/frl fctb. af*4aM iwvbripda 
vfi rJMuni&n'tMTk^Jr, vri CTTtunlj ml lunu^iklt ei>uLt jw- tr;giJ*i 
14 f if* tort i duik thtl ni vtrr raiK-Ti m<wi *e|p4mk). TbI* obJK^H) lii cmllj 
Iw inilf r,|Bf»nL io diKiiii. 

In ilir- Mtci-nJ irlicln lh*M li r!iL» [tuin^r ; 

"In inj- lint irtklt 1 d«Urri llmA Ih* Invulan of rnanipUfcnla ill ft 
HlQ¥<iinitii. tbii (jjt>n*.nl Let and Alt mijmH^ ftpKtil phvnld In dtfemin In 
hi?lkrp K whllt of niiru iL iu i)ffnr>4| v* In »1 riL^xj 1 ■ " 

1 iAWt ImIU-ImJ lb* imni* <■ bh cwijieil " |4 1 1 MU«lhM ape* tlwin , «a| 
lb* quMllirt ntf auanUtf irbrir wbo eoiulltuU-il thl. '■ Cm^H " th«t tinr- 
uf rUirpwl 1o enrciu p»tn c^t^uitl wila ihoM of (hi CdmsuddLrif 
■ I 1 tt'n Ofiinl l>* Pfttllj Gjnunttidtr.ln-CMtf.. w iu li i.diiid*4 
Hi pum btHir *bkh fc* ihand wfkb * "Matti"? ll * a vet*] prapoailiaa 
**•» (**** aetata 4 U; md body w prn#t. On |*nle|> tolba InL utieta, 
On vlll L» «wd iW Mknb| nublU pipy * potDtat rf which I 
knilu Itilkdtdd : 

" I nrttlL tbf+t point! iId^t W*pit t d^lri to h*** ll diillnrtiv saddle 
■tood thiL, »hi)t I flrii tueraMivd IstOoiml L** Ih* l<Jrt of ih i ■ff-rju.! it- tim- 

Jiftljjh, / wwi ■r T »r nrJ-Jltttrfptf fo yiW n| cr^um*^ a««i:a»r rf# Gf foliar/ 

«"/*•»» *i *#wfff wirt fit ■n4t™famfi>i; f^nf («■ n+r* met la oWirer an ajftauip, 

tmtttt. ill! hJ to PSilTUTnj f^jj( rtf frtr.l.HV #4dlrM i* /MVAf ts Mtla-t 411 — Hr t to 

1*1^*1, <]i%i isii j rmnj.nipn jboutd t* qua ut nlTVm-lVn iir^i«-^j- tuL dtfEOiin 
1*tLlr». Upw (Mi UMiltrKanJttty my wtrnt vat jjiwn, md (iVnirj) Jjm. wh.« 
lii J bwn lilnii tBoqgh to dhutkrt EhA irutEcr -wIlK m* f,.*jetiLl_v , jp,*p (Jm ocdtt 

»f ibikIi," 

Thl»r>iiiAg» bMn fitfjritrerig " cvrrob^ntiTi ibiL ij-rrifiiiritnlnj rvLttltfi*-" 
|d ih* iin« |tk»n frum (b» ihodJ *("lict*. md It b*can*i ifirjf ijipir^- fhat |v 
»»■ Simr,rt%\ Lo«ptFHt bimU'll uko lr»i Uf t »]f-rjip, ( (j(ij[nJ n c^uBCll " at 

fJ+Mfll htm. mrA cbun«d th« rif bt td Jh-i*:* ami t*bltu\ ibt poJicj of Ib« 

TV IP |B ll iB tl. Htpm, ud jn—mf&mm *U-*o*r*H *l»lrt fhm 
|*?4#f W^ | ■ 1 1 1 a . ■ I E iff* hrtohrvblt ; mud lit «.ly fi i p nai * |MT 1* titcwij, 

t*««B|ilv t hr^rf*fifw » [k, 18077 of tK It 1 >t<»'»* >^* u C k U**'"! UHbfl, •*«, 
bMBlMlHllitllll iLc •.U.t M rti=1lW»l»ll.M U«lg7iBd lllBI.IMiTtd t^ fJ*T |i*f*Tt 

at lb* mociKh *f ill* totttl, ip TTfirine hli *lkr», md lawtcdtd fcaltribSj 
vril In paltmr.e BhrvMsEf, ih hi-, tHHirni rlmT»r(sr, ii|-op. lbs racr* ChSLiIl 
bTilmali, but when Ti* hid tin feUv t« <>f#n liii mmilli, bnlrtjrrf hhrnjalf "bj bii 
tokn 

J Will Ji^t BB-nln undcrLikn la dlh^ui* tht pr«]irl«i]r of lh* ttttfik OH [bn 
IhJrJ il.j- i-r Ll.n btuli, of Gellj-rturn, liul; will rur^ly i*_v ili*l ill* 44«T 1th« 
•*j fMripM WUK Ih-* ruhdwEof [bn iltack fruru M7 rl(b|, ind who UW 
|a V*|f|d ■( ii Uin J-wlgnilBd lim*, but ihtrLf-j ih* rwthHiiJLIIktp fur !>it fliil 
nfil*f for hli rl.fij*, ibh proprrlj dtticbrd tu hLnnrlf, la Ibi ibautdiM. of i 
Hhintl <rl &rul>">, tAd trVro wilhbiH ivodlrhtoH ,7iHrvd*d and, dif«Kd to 



Ttu Bank a/ (ftify*bxr$, 2F5 

OQ^oprMW It Ih'^ufi, hwrt^t to coaplfckt UMl |b*t (kup v» bapt- 
ism Im lb* bttinnJix H wm hh am wrirt ifcrt cmmIHAmIhI to — fcn il ■>, 

II 1. nMMlIf ut<BDrd bj ibt WTilw df fc*l nl^U* tbil l*+<™ ti trtw QMglc 
dbirni to t«* plirue -'otTtniirc in ccnu-rr faiL d+'Tmil™ In 1*rllT».'" #*kb**fc- 
Lln lli. vhala ^iihUdd u h> lb* prtrprtflj &f ih* iH*ph. flit N**4l lifteltyir- 
hiff, «d bin** 11 II glfWi Willi & "diDiniMv lUrftlliMI" tkii mij- mm Id 
eenftj** met dtkud* tiw unibNW in virbN, bul *h#n *ppLI*d It lii« F«nn- 
■jlTmilftearflJulnTi, vhlch wu ■ ciropiipn »* kn*i»1iMi by lb* Wft.ktf »^bi1 
Hip itr^h|!*T |«wiir r lbB phiuc beram*" l1i* vmLa+l nulwIM*, TK& «nty sb±Tie* 
ft- r •nee'*' 11 'Ufli i^imp»iEri wtl, wli*m Iho flppwlnhliy rtfdiFFid, to iU Lt* 
blow M Lh* ibtHij 1 qidfb *ad Jul, ■* tb.BE b* *1is*tjld not h**n it* opportunity 
*r «PH»M»l1m tli wpirioT foirtp ds «irwhil« III* »**b+f uuLkriL. 

Tbil 0*rw*i.l Lan[*lrtH» W+l, "b> t&ro* «Hir**iT*i btlmcn tbi numy/ 
uJ WMhLiiftDB. nl«l 4 *t»nf pwiticm, w*t fi»e- lb< ""f « *tU*b tH," 
n *uJrtk T fc-pi*rtkWM+, in wmti ■■ nWUluJ fc-Jf **m»a hffrltmUitm, 
IbtH toUra[tjd*M4MU»U»: 

tb* f Hir^*^*i nt wfc»Ut*i. m» Iheacbl **nJ J«fc*t4 
tri, linw, tci {« brims Karitt **my ud W*l*( W#P„ w* ""« b»™ 

bid to rail* * #W* rfwoil, nod !!,«*«>, biTlnj <b« 1&p*t «nJ iborttr liar. 

vauM bin bwn l-W* 1* it™t Lb* *tb*(apl, wblk ml* tr*J"i *™io faui In 

ftipn+xf id ***lr«JEUoB. iorfnaj. lb* biothdhiIh bj IM «iimj'j NffVlcf ft*! 

?rmrb _ i f*K* H TpodtTkli, *r% til* iomeied df (*yT e*n citiIij. 
trd. U«*u*« ?» wire *i>Ut*1» danr-ndrnl uni-n Uia iiifmy 4 j withirj tf* f^wt 

Ibd ffttn ftr mr mwn, Tian**, ind mat**, nid wban 1* b«*Bti BtWtMFy for 
(Hit tmij <■■■ fan*t*llTM» Ln lbs prti(»#a at Ifai *H*Biy, it bw*iaB Jmpouilili 

ta **nJ Mil feni>£ fmrtLei id vhllq luOcSinl MppHw of tmniiicu. iod 
br^l*. tfa* pirtiMHdirco, lUirrftH-, mart H*f • toft, Lf MmJ* Hid p*mttd 
-T,^L »,MiU bm brtd fab ¥ery dbfiwii pnHej. *0-«Kl= •* •*"«» ■ pwilS»ti 
iu*lt«llr «*t tti to raodrr g«W*rj Ik* wi*lH,i4*d ""rntntim *\ «r 
WW, lk«l n w*aU ban fetm t™ F *llri « ttiKb U D iA-r U4# mtf »** 
Itt* n*t44f#*t»J Hinforo*! «44 rtrrmrt*****, I* m™i fat lb p«FpM*«r 
puit, Mfpid*!, t* Li t» rrdwJ to » «M *f «Uf«lh». 1*1 Italkww™ 
Mir »t*> va lit utaj. 

Tb* W»* Ibal ptpatur ttinuw, UinMfb la* nt«P|*[-^, w«i]4 ejte eona- 
jrtHtd Hi*iU h» trek m n oo™ h » tUwrf. It frwn-=— ibi* b. w« 
■wbBllj Lin»mi*l#flt ia ih*«m1nlbd af to* liip irmy uadir Win, -ta Ebtibt. 
vu n>i i»'ii>f h V yWd 1d ***n»Lri« eliinor Ltv np^sii'lilDii Ed tab: dw(V Jttd|' 
nlDk 11* mhU li»Yd hid Ifl Ttul bul % TW^ fr« diifi, Lf b* tud ptJIVHd 
bit Im* jwlU^.m TKidifpW LU mliJozn ind pUL Hi ihtmn iht elicnertn for 
nttintJLiEg »l1«k, PF*n(fa hid B.flOO m*ti *i |fr#dBrirli f wUb, *,«» mo™ 
■mriiN da |lu » r lHlnto n«nrtl-> F«rj >lvd WmIiLti|L»i 5 Pranijl- 
nitl* but phi lh> thft fl-Bl[£, under • mil *f Pf«liUn.L UBealn for Ibi emtr- 
ftnej, «,l« *.LL-«idippid milirt* i "A W" Tdfk h*J ml larwmrd IJk'BTI 
t , v*J*» ib* un ™ll . ta «=■*■«"■ °T tbi ln»l N*fl df lb* rnt»rt*t- «*Mhi t 



Ttu Bank a/ (ftify*bxr$, 2F5 

OQ^oprMW It Ih'^ufi, hwrt^t to coaplfckt UMl |b*t (kup v» bapt- 
ism Im lb* bttinnJix H wm hh am wrirt ifcrt cmmIHAmIhI to — fcn il ■>, 

II 1. nMMlIf ut<BDrd bj ibt WTilw df fc*l nl^U* tbil l*+<™ ti trtw QMglc 
dbirni to t«* plirue -'otTtniirc in ccnu-rr faiL d+'Tmil™ In 1*rllT».'" #*kb**fc- 
Lln lli. vhala ^iihUdd u h> lb* prtrprtflj &f ih* iH*ph. flit N**4l lifteltyir- 
hiff, «d bin** 11 II glfWi Willi & "diDiniMv lUrftlliMI" tkii mij- mm Id 
eenftj** met dtkud* tiw unibNW in virbN, bul *h#n *ppLI*d It lii« F«nn- 
■jlTmilftearflJulnTi, vhlch wu ■ ciropiipn »* kn*i»1iMi by lb* Wft.ktf »^bi1 
Hip itr^h|!*T |«wiir r lbB phiuc beram*" l1i* vmLa+l nulwIM*, TK& «nty sb±Tie* 
ft- r •nee'*' 11 'Ufli i^imp»iEri wtl, wli*m Iho flppwlnhliy rtfdiFFid, to iU Lt* 
blow M Lh* ibtHij 1 qidfb *ad Jul, ■* tb.BE b* *1is*tjld not h**n it* opportunity 
*r «PH»M»l1m tli wpirioT foirtp ds «irwhil« III* »**b+f uuLkriL. 

Tbil 0*rw*i.l Lan[*lrtH» W+l, "b> t&ro* «Hir**iT*i btlmcn tbi numy/ 
uJ WMhLiiftDB. nl«l 4 *t»nf pwiticm, w*t fi»e- lb< ""f « *tU*b tH," 
n *uJrtk T fc-pi*rtkWM+, in wmti ■■ nWUluJ fc-Jf **m»a hffrltmUitm, 
IbtH toUra[tjd*M4MU»U»: 

tb* f Hir^*^*i nt wfc»Ut*i. m» Iheacbl **nJ J«fc*t4 
tri, linw, tci {« brims Karitt **my ud W*l*( W#P„ w* ""« b»™ 

bid to rail* * #W* rfwoil, nod !!,«*«>, biTlnj <b« 1&p*t «nJ iborttr liar. 

vauM bin bwn l-W* 1* it™t Lb* *tb*(apl, wblk ml* tr*J"i *™io faui In 

ftipn+xf id ***lr«JEUoB. iorfnaj. lb* biothdhiIh bj IM «iimj'j NffVlcf ft*! 

?rmrb _ i f*K* H TpodtTkli, *r% til* iomeied df (*yT e*n citiIij. 
trd. U«*u*« ?» wire *i>Ut*1» danr-ndrnl uni-n Uia iiifmy 4 j withirj tf* f^wt 

Ibd ffttn ftr mr mwn, Tian**, ind mat**, nid wban 1* b«*Bti BtWtMFy for 
(Hit tmij <■■■ fan*t*llTM» Ln lbs prti(»#a at Ifai *H*Biy, it bw*iaB Jmpouilili 

ta **nJ Mil feni>£ fmrtLei id vhllq luOcSinl MppHw of tmniiicu. iod 
br^l*. tfa* pirtiMHdirco, lUirrftH-, mart H*f • toft, Lf MmJ* Hid p*mttd 
-T,^L »,MiU bm brtd fab ¥ery dbfiwii pnHej. *0-«Kl= •* •*"«» ■ pwilS»ti 
iu*lt«llr «*t tti to raodrr g«W*rj Ik* wi*lH,i4*d ""rntntim *\ «r 
WW, lk«l n w*aU ban fetm t™ F *llri « ttiKb U D iA-r U4# mtf »** 
Itt* n*t44f#*t»J Hinforo*! «44 rtrrmrt*****, I* m™i fat lb p«FpM*«r 
puit, Mfpid*!, t* Li t» rrdwJ to » «M *f «Uf«lh». 1*1 Italkww™ 
Mir »t*> va lit utaj. 

Tb* W»* Ibal ptpatur ttinuw, UinMfb la* nt«P|*[-^, w«i]4 ejte eona- 
jrtHtd Hi*iU h» trek m n oo™ h » tUwrf. It frwn-=— ibi* b. w« 
■wbBllj Lin»mi*l#flt ia ih*«m1nlbd af to* liip irmy uadir Win, -ta Ebtibt. 
vu n>i i»'ii>f h V yWd 1d ***n»Lri« eliinor Ltv np^sii'lilDii Ed tab: dw(V Jttd|' 
nlDk 11* mhU li»Yd hid Ifl Ttul bul % TW^ fr« diifi, Lf b* tud ptJIVHd 
bit Im* jwlU^.m TKidifpW LU mliJozn ind pUL Hi ihtmn iht elicnertn for 
nttintJLiEg »l1«k, PF*n(fa hid B.flOO m*ti *i |fr#dBrirli f wUb, *,«» mo™ 
■mriiN da |lu » r lHlnto n«nrtl-> F«rj >lvd WmIiLti|L»i 5 Pranijl- 
nitl* but phi lh> thft fl-Bl[£, under • mil *f Pf«liUn.L UBealn for Ibi emtr- 
ftnej, «,l« *.LL-«idippid milirt* i "A W" Tdfk h*J ml larwmrd IJk'BTI 
t , v*J*» ib* un ™ll . ta «=■*■«"■ °T tbi ln»l N*fl df lb* rnt»rt*t- «*Mhi t 



28fl Si tthent fiutorical Society Fbptr*. 



Qaaafll. m* tt, (hemmUi I36S-*). OUar Iraofn *#* «• llWf «*J fr*» 
Kt*lb OruJiU ud tba Virginia Frauapala fa* fpafcltr r*rt *f *U Hwn 
lrrw|i*, a*J |irwb*Wlj ■ cnfllaiMi jimim *f Ik* ttWJ- *«ill i* »k* daf™*a 

*f Wuhrih^kn, np^ciillj K«tb«f thr ftitotmr, ■nu.iJ 1i*i* twrn. hdd*d la 
Mr.it.''! array, btfarv It* ttobU bate a[[nck*l W*, tad In Hi* meafllinie troop* 
iwld pFoTiiblj faiTi borti ferotlgfal from tb» Weal, »vir (hi Billimnre and 
Oh.lu"Hn;*d, m tutt off war rtwett »eroaj th* PuiMnad] *nd (,n«i, with *ur 
army wr^krhwl aM djemofallr+el bj atarvatlan, * hat would JiaV* bftfi lit 
rrt«tt? If wd had HUmplcd a. retreat uh ill* gK of il*r**tl*n., LL would biT6 
boarv a dMitfil-nrljr fin*, Bni our unv woulil hay* bw '.mil* tnorwiKbly dona&T*]- 
lud In th* prm**b fap bad u*l*.y thn e nvlnjp *if biirtpr. Tfca <Nitn*iiiJift<:fi 
wvnVJ h* 1 "-" bwi luLat and jfjct liable dnVrucllon., urtlM w* bta>IV Ul* rt-treal 
b*rur* lit* rrtiu »rrir#I Sucb cnriiiil^r*liwi» ■■ it«i*, Jo^ntttai, prwnt+d 
tfbaaaatt*w 1* <Jww*l L*r< W 1*17 mm M'rt W h*** [MaeEratad Genera] 
LaegHmt'* brain- 

II* lUab> M«*4* H4U **H*i*lj bai* altotbad iu al ha. El *» aad 
amut*4 U* ittta, *f. fc» aaaadaalng hit patilMM. [Ina *» la* M(d *f*t* 
af a Tlcfc*y b l lE III I, li ■. Md^pruQ |4 RalU** 1* hU r 

"If Hi allaekml »n.d I can prt *r.r ^i<tk lafr#»i*i]Mi of U* rtsnaj 

wMfn -Bill JuhLlfv DC- LB doJSg M. I Will aLtiL'k. If I And It >HFII^0V* Ui 4<3 

u; and am he I* fad lWt tfc* f/iv*>cy Jp rjidi-aiuflti* Id nitvi L> raj ™t ud 
|t||*-r E H-B« lit-Lwwri mc and Wiaaiogtoa, I ilmll fill bmrh an »j ih^LIm tt 
WnunlmtH," 

IdnfPLrMl'i driucllon frem Uiii Li ntnl Hl-fjlrn?, AIL Hie ^^14117*) fr*n 
til 1^1i|(nm t» thai Hctd4 Kotild! nol h*T« miacknl n» In o«r tiltn (MultLiii, 
unLeH h*Tv<llJ J^J» I* i^THt tiJ^tnUo^, knJ lb« Cm! Li «ii»1. 'fur ■ ram- 
BDliMhri, hi Bbun^amd th* miIt prfl|*ft of »ttjek wlvlcn h* fonnwi. to-wJii 
hvDt hit Mfh t Afal nit hit lafl flui t. ir wr hail abarvdonwl mtr pM^lhiQ tft*f 
Ik* MatMM u I [tip fl/dl iij. lit monl c-BVkI uppa nr ova f»ipfl Woakl h»"ia 
ban katicf idtftu. [f vi Had wifd to- Xwh> Wl W (*t Mm*4 L.cn 
«a4 Waiblajtaia, ud bi baa. made a cwnlf>is<ILiif arHMH |a pw ji^ kl* 
mbbImb <ad bla i .' wai B i a h k i l> *ni f II k i Lu r i i IM* to UlL PJ n haar |aal amU 
kin Kliraa a» lb* «»nl 44btt *f * «rtn*j\ TlHI h* "*•"! aa| feaiw Alkn-cd 
as al cM* to Macfc H 1* my «*w bp*Uh« «* 1P>T »™ l»**ii ■» Ibnatrs bbv 
i*rnni"i«ikr»tl*fe'i *ni TnV*io.irsp0 4i !•• tbo» h by bit «*a Jcelanal |jarp<>K ra 
llili trlpjjraiii. Qti policy, dimltl***, nmtiHi bivf o#co, iftrr rtcunog bit 
dif^S »f d HDd^rfaf hi* own jap'jiiit* c-crLiln, Id tike nod fnrtllV tolrra prti- 
Ibh h**r m. and th*n ih* ruiLIU alrcidr Indlratnd wculal, (iti^UWJgAaUj, 
faaV* *B*I4*J. 

TKff>! I* tig rauHi Id iijpp^:*c Chat 3E*adn wtnild. liaVg Lopfi trture pi-ompl to 
HlLapk ih In [Hnilinn on Ihe bricjliLi of CroLlyvibiirif, Jf up h*ii fair^.t ihlt 
paill4i>n «n. Lh* til, tban licibmred hlonwlf to attack na In the jn»Jllwn 0tk 
H*n,li-mrT Itl'lBjn, nkli «r fcri «Hcadcd In ■ nir" (tr,m K li <MVj"buf*;- Et* 
djld ant HIkI hi M ih* lih In «ar llirn pmltltiB *ft ftiitstrmrj flidj*, aAar ttua 
aluawtrwu lajHilM *t IM day brfort ; wfdidbi lafl altolb n*. aJUrvmrda, la 



Tl* BaMe of Gtttydwf. 287 



flat TtebUtj 1 *f B^nlWB, wbta b* had Wc* nl»fcfT*4 bj »fi»mrb > 

rimb. aai ft XjmiHTTlVl put *f Cow* 1 * f**** fra» BurU««hH7. H*w4r* 
biri n i m li*ft J (*t Harp*** F*nr) » port*** «f #4 Ik-*!* fr™ S*rlA C*W- 
ILm hthJ |ba lV*^awLi r irilH id tbs prnHC* *f *lri*rr In b« (**«, lioo([h 
Ocftrtml I** bid ncrt bcm Tvinblrtd t? 1b» *il*rH of ■ f^Hnry uu, unlet* 
lb* t*<tt.\ty brijiilrt irf HoVrHwb *nd Jnnm, which r*wb<4 Vb* ^claHy rtf 
(Jp|(Titnir( on 111* 3d, l#0 Uitt -to- |i*Ttlfl|iH* In ill* IwMld, Ha cnuotod u rain- 
fare* ni*nl*- 

Tbatn flaoU thrviild mHifV Q*n«rjl Lrnia;«1f*«l mil HI* ar]h»P*nw Hut MoM* 
wr.ii I.I nt.L liar* l«*n In K hurry to alluk tu> If w had awaited III* atlfctk DO 
S-hilnary Hhla*, op bid ma**d pail fall lttl »biI Mium-il AfltfUlir j H w iliac.; 
■nil th*j i-Himld aquaSlj combine* iJuj** *b« iHiah. 111" l*iJ&il EoiMdioa of 
lb* Ihllj'btatf fatlf bit, oa the aftafftwin «f lb* l< wuU Id lt«lf Hit* bna 
■ |(T*H- *4**JiL*f* to U". !*■* b*W**jE0 not ban »Ti*- l trJ u is tbil p^LU^b. 
H>> -b»l« a#ta*qMHt t»r**f p*+»*d Un to hltt Mraa*l*ilj *MU*«1 «■> 
^■■-Irt [■ all tcfnuin BBflWeMM*. 

lb, jlTTl'Tr wblcb naSljr pcncbd itorlf to «*****! I** 0+anbori 
MM, irbMkn W ti«U *tt*i lb* Qtmy in iWt !*>•"*•■. ** f*tr*at Brtwwa 
I2m* iIihuUt* b* i*4 to thra*c r miflH If t» +*ld»d i* iiKfcrk. H ■** n«™- 
PtW lit attack h pfWf-Jj « pwEblc. WbftLkw or nnl bo *b«*» wt*ely *r 
)m;wh Ihm* BS(rMitLkri. it. Uir prtp*r i)i«*1Jimi fw d itcuntnn. 

Ilkl Oiiivcrtl La,nf>tf«rt Hwq BoBWBl to Irt tbil qimltiiB be aeLLlri bcfctt 
Iba IrltwMil nf Matorj, *n lb* t**U M nr*WJil*d IH *J*n*ml Loe'» rtprttfll 
o«lj*r dUlbnnlb form*, I kiww of nn on* vrbv WUHld H»" !*«>• Jl»^»i«i 1* 
■mil III* wmw rortinj, 4r *uHmk his own ojror»:Sijn» hi t]«Ujiliiirg to *onichl 
UmI ItnL *ili*n IHi (j**fW(*nHn( ybhiIj md ?iH LiE, l c»Jiwl Mm W anUf lt« 

Bt, r n i-. ■■■■ i'i "'■!'■■ T- r rl-: bi.lh^l! 'i- i-ri ■ I Lpl.tnr.l il | . .1 h -r t m: i;,= .i:r.i 

*t lb* krmj of HoHb*ffli VLtfiui*^ bj dipAtfHitlnc lit **Bitn*ilv4*« F bl* pr*^ 
Imil-T- *«ul J n»t b* tltow«d to pw* a.ri< 1 i»«*tl«m*il. hu ttt hb »*di btlj. 
1«4 hta *i*ftlUnl 4tta*Adi for Hi*tnric ti-n-in, |b*n w«W h**i b**1l * [*re- 
iml dli»-iU«ft *• hmbIki ft til- HtH) bit BMrbattotH ****», abO* tiW 
■hull* of *h*H*T «™M b«Te o*4A *Q*m*A la till ■»*• Uf itpi f mn infi. 

If b* W» ■*■ Mribnl ia lb* «* m^ i H * J »bkb b* **• pfwnbdl,bt ba» 
bul mrt Ti* ffcl* of all *rbr>, ft** cmIhI wilb rani*Lflf ** "^^* jortlf A** 
Ibnn, **^l» tj. Horwin Pi wbjct lH*r an art «ntlU*l- 

In all tbil I liȴ* *rrJM*n Jn IblioonlnwfrtrjT, M* h>li pwrpot* bM- W*b lo 
^odlrtt* IH* (km* of lb* p*** ennamairf** or lb* A mif of JUtwltcr* V JT£ini» 



3B8 Scmthtm Historical Satiny Papers. 



DmLiIotv of i\v> Suprsme Ccurt of Tghmmsc thai the Onfed*TH*j wju 
de- Jarr jw wt II ■" dto fnj|(»— Ondnroai ^f Judg^ Tnrnflj, 

The following diicifiior lb worLliy of a place in dot records not 
only tMamo of Ida importance -of tbo principle? in^ol^^ but 
bIhci nin necoueit of the abilfty will wliioL \ha Learned jurim main- 
tains his positi-ori*. Tl wiH mil doirnct frtW tb« vahm of ibb 
decLatorj, In the cyta of any riijb t.lhtn k i rig man, if we add that 

JndgO Tlirn«y w&fl ■. «k i 1 1 ful n,n«t gallant CcnfiKLiirntfl ^)ldiar p :ii:iJ 

wft* desperately wounded al Fredericksburg: 

The Rial of Teaaessc* t+ Win. Ek CdehitiIdi^, AdiaV. 

Bftikmmi,— i\ Bpt=**r* »f m-Chi^I i;ii H l in ihe Antamn of 1B51, frlamlcj, 
d^fe-ndml'i irtcitnle , petitioned the Brunch Bjiot cf TYnncii** it Spirti to- 
dlKffllTil hii ii at* for $HW, — Alleging i!m.t h*. h*d f:-rintr^<t«3 wi(b |hq jSIU* 
■nd Mi-nin^ IVutNtWi *L ><MhvSU& » in»fee And farmers MiLtptlre to "The Can.- 
ffdwite StitH- of America. " At tbiil time, Ebn flink ini discounting iut 
illll-*: — hut, b« tan- of th* purnfM4 for vhldi ihn lois wn daj:£ii-ni, it. wm, 
iltflwrf, The Lrwnpy wa« n*iUhifii"nj" ApprOpTimod. 1o tbs dttieia for wlirch it 
kjii printed : md h Jjt renem of Eba tuiD r rlumkv wu enabled to mike, ind 
l-i;p !*rg6 niiuiliitEi of inltpntrc La Richmond and other nodrith, which wu 
mod bj- thus C*lif*d«¥*to Authi'iirhifl* <fl tbn IrJAnUflttMM *T EmNpS^clAr. Suit 
■11 Initituled: on. the na"? r mid Ihc dcTcnca relied an w*v ihnl ;nc maney wu 
tonned And Jwirfow^d. with Lh.ft intent of tiding the Confcc)QF±t4 SUtrti in Lho 
w» r Ihcn LliygrinT wllk Th* UfiiErd tfwtt*. 

1. ffofwnmfiiflJ £«»j— 3T4e CbpjYipimr.fa Sr-iJcj 0/ J "icri;o — A Gavtrnwntnt 
4i jut*. — Th« GnreFJimFnt of <b Tln C-acifi-.-df-iiiru SLaCu of A n^r-p Jf-*. " w*a 
mS>n.i3*d Bud »1W li»lo "»L a^Llvq asJiItbc* In ?bh icft.-. «..>ljrni| nnj TornaiJ 
mode; uid irann int'-irntl , indApfndOniE go^4rni[M?nL, cp~npLetj« in its nvtiil 
i.ti'firi iii-fiil* — m oloihed with ill Ois-po<wtn*nd diwbnrcid b1. Lh.D fundJun^ 
iacidtnl lo * So'trcign 3t*l«r Tin fniiinioEi *J(h Lu conMltnehjt imti|Lb*n h il 
bid Oit f*Tii*J r itiJ citrcLift'd it, cf mifcin-jf l>w> for tli own guveramcDt iad 
HL*t dt 1l* eirliisef. 

2. Ari"f,— ^Ji'fsriritc*— faitit r.% it p?*.— Ot&Utnw to ttnu-tfiQi-iitf in *U5l 
■.nd twit m*ttcn wt noL onlj * ntccwitv h nut n dut^, Ci;«t; Thorrir>£Lon 
T r Smith, (y Wiilit*, 12.]^; ValLol, DT. 

B. Jilif rnjjir^iinj I..DD.V — jft^JijIt/fttJ IfiriAfJ-. — QbMjriinttl'. — T*lfl Lllfi (ft gpfi- 

powder ii » bflligiarnt right ^f prftnnl FnapOrbinru ; — Ih-r rijilil to uM cd-rriw 
wl Ln.il e&d riphl to purchnHj do- mBnafuljn-, «nd Ln tbn minaficturotha right 
1^ lb4 M44H- ctquimo far tti ichi*T?tnaiioL fjua titsd: Smllo. v. Bciuthyl^B, 1 

Stat,.** 

4. Staff. — Jh'gr.lc.— A -State hiving i. JL£Dl mijr employ tb.* meizu Tuca- 
I4rj ttih itt p^rr^nLlon *.nd r-njoy iiKiii., »nd uj Lh.li end ruty f:nj;n« 11* eitlUM, 

DT th*-V CtlftV T"U^Unl*ri]jf ^V||Lr"lVll-l4. (0- U, 

£. Out -aJ Sir. — I n Lho pr«HDl eih the writrwl wia f-rMly ind ToJuntirilf 
tBttttd Into, wd wiij thrrfifcfe n L>gnl md btndlEi^, 

TRW WABiBitS. 

Ap-pciL in error foam Iba jadciiLont of tha Circuit Court, Ortobci term, 
igeS. WLLIi*cai P. Hlcknn«n. r J, 

W. E. E. Joaoi, Eowin it Wommici, Ear ipp^lUat; JahD Ii. bhifiga, Ear 



Tia Gmfedmws Dt Jan aswt&as Dt Ffoato. 239 

Tnrn*y, J., delivered tbo opinion ^ 11* Conn. 

Th» <:Iti-i>K Judgo ehirpftd Eba Jory; "][ tha tinn of 111* Sink hid 

roLk^ thnt lie man^ wtf to be ulml "Uy Ih-fldtfo.n.J.alU't inEeiWl* in aid of lis 
Souil-m Confederacy, o* fat lhs 1 1 1 » ri 1 1 1Vh 1 u !■ is tit -oao -nf (ho hgrftJirnLi of 
KUDpcwder, nnd wiEh b. view njid far Lbe purpose of u aiding the <;u-iifcilrr*^y 
ibqy adTmrcii Lbn mnncj r then your verdict ifaoeld Irt for Lla-deJfndjDl- 1,1 

TliU tl OrfOf. In Thrnrrins^on t. BdiKIi, & WJl*rt t 13-13, Efaa Supreme 
Cowt-L df Ui4 UtiiEcd HEnleK*y; " W» h**0 *LrO*d* »«!■& i"h*t ITit peapl* of 
(he |a>Htgoi»t Slaw, W(id> r 111* Odh fadoratn GuifflTisanont,. wop* Jn f»pil n^, 
<L-Tii|i]*iiiK. r i *iibii*.nlially In tho ihlTii* tfirnJiiiLHi u iiihabilanlj of Jlitlrieti cf 
ttnlSnlfJf urtrtpkd ftnd tOTiireU&fJ by *■& Invading leLli,rer*ii(- Tin rule* which 
WWW *M>'y ^ "h* foF-n^ijr **•* would apply in tba]aU#T; and, i* in ihn 
Armor fit'* 1 1 tb* ]>f<ijil* rnuit bd regarded iu jubjocE* af i fijrcifjn [wiwor j a-fid 
^oriiracti ajiuutp; llem Ik Lutrrjireled and enforced with Tcfcrcnrn to tbe eO*i* 
dllloni irn poaed by lie conqueror ; 10 in Ebu falter o*K r Lhc inhabitant! mint 
be regarded" ai under 111* nuthoTiLf of lh* inturgthE b#lj|£*rcral poorer, a dually 
eUalliibcd a* in* ftovDrnmeutci lb* tfnu.nlry, and rtirXractt rr-adn wlLh Hem 
mui-L lie IriliffllahpT and cnfOiwJ wIlH r*C*r«H;4 to EUc oOadilion of Ihingj 
created by !hc act* uf (be p^OrJiiflf! ^wor." 

STu,^, what W*w "li* «mJ#o» ej t/kLi^i ^^tafrfiu (A* art* &/ ?*r jc.rf™i"n.a 
pn.wr," «l ihri malt tag -of Ilia ooto tmibiL? It ieu, Eba Ku*dang &1*|*a, I nolo- 
ding Iho SbiEn *jf TnniieHe*, bnd by lh* iiVlomji *rl* <if iliotf ^«^f*f ta md- 
WnLion imnihlrd, W luf evtrw'haJBnbng aaijorlLlt* *t 111* ImI^e box, wiili- 
•Jr*Wi'i fmm iJio UfpO^h *n J ar^in.ijtL'd arid taLltd Into rail arzLlvf 4 li-iEdrKt an 
iht'ftnir Sn(t»|ioad<(nt i-iipvurnnitnt, — under ill* mron &t '■'T&t Owif&ltrQlc 
SiT&tiA iif vfrtieriea," — eomp-lrtp in iu icTcrftL dccpaiimtntc, ctathod *llll all 
En* fhOirf-r-» , auG discharging; all In* fijrwlltim anni-J.'nt to a Sri'.trt/^A fct&lt-. 
IJridct LLi CbJiirf/iiEbsn, wbich liid bMn formally wml OnLhu4-iP4-LirB.il>' adopUd, 
wiEliwaE nf.pTFi'iatlo Juwni, by a IrflBncBduUj popular Tcd#, lIi* «todiriE Slata 
had r«rjinninrd thrir C^*tniBcn-tS — ol«EOd [twi*-gO**raGr* nnJ [tgiilalora. 
and rtlabliiboJ iWf co^ria^-trid h*d a.cnlav^d ai^ryad Ji«*tmty 10 Lh* prr- 
fr*Llen and *iL*i*J*fa) adisiirabtrattan. of a Av\l j-iiViL-rnnitm, and «tf4 hhain- 
U-irikn^ iu lapp^majc-v nnd ±FicrLin^ iLi authority lip a?riii. 

Thn Uriitcd SlaL*+ Gcnrnmcnl wa« tjnibl* to giro lo tbna wjfhln iK* 
Oon.ntdcnt« Statca Gurcrnint-nt wbu udbcred lo ine- ciuic of th* Union anj 
avutitaim:, 3iencn Lnej mn cnrnpctlcd Ho lc*fc to thn Confederal* lawi *tij 
•uihutl^ fu-T priUKiiii-ji, and in mttiTD to yltld jubmiuLon AB-J obodiOncq Ui 
thiifa tiii'J ±rvd auLnorily. 

JuiL re wer* Ibc friendp- uf bkcu i^n within lh* loyal Sunm conipoltft^ ev 
jLrld ob*di*<ne* to Ehn lawi of tho UaiLtd ilaLr-j^ — lie ocic- wat aj nsiirh trltb> 
(nil rflicf t» the tiEfaax |— tr,-j ;h»0rte sovffriHieni, ru » unihln t-u pifa»udaV- 
•nt* I* Sw (FlaEnfaj *Uh|:n. Ilin *n«n±y r i Stuff ai w«i (to <nbet. 

Vn.lU>\v-tl r i+Xi-- ^Tha £Lato La oblljftd t* dafond and f cr^fvu. all iu 
connabcH, and Ilia Prlatt owci lis unu ajuLitanoc to faLi auhjotb. If, thvfrft- 



2S0 SoHlAtm Biiterifitl Sorifty Aprrj T 

iVre. lb* flla** «* IMac* r ifr l l «r H,1iH to nmt • b*tf j of jrtepl* »kn> « n 
rxpcwd 10 HMiMwt bpi, tfe* tgriff bring tau* tUi^ui, tipu-T* p#T- 
IWil^ (I* I* poM* for ifct Lr aw& t*£Hf febd phHfTulliH la *fa*iar«r r«*a~ 
Mr lk*jr ind tw«l cmhiuhI, vltbhut t*J.»ii lbe 1mvI i^ml tu tbu# p urhrt 
by •hatvflf in Inn thKTTi. Invc boon the dm hi- r H i| | n Hirtr doljr." 

||fi* ft.4il.HJ |t.« pri>ji|p wkbin Elm Cv\M#t±\n *i«.|™ j.n-i^il* for tttti* Jifcty 
■nd jwtW>r»*.tlroi fin^t ty HiUdl«iiCT lt> in J r^m j i5l*rn* with rbn | a »j. Ererjr 
■rl w*» 1nr*iiiml ind dalflrraln-ftj lij- Uitp In Kridjimiun la lliu** of [h*. Uni. 
1^1 StHir, , hi Lh:in j-li In mnnr iiHl»ne« Uis rpiiit lififtiliige *n *mplovHl iad 
1h* mmo vfid Lnbcndadi fop tU f*fifil* f n* for Hi*** of Lh* irnll*J H,.**l HlSlE 
thrfr w*f ■ •dap**! trv anLtgoDbm. Ui-.il in n , H K|i-n-l bf EiliLw whltfli had will), 
drtWft friiiTKih-r (Jnlnii ind warns it war mjtfi ||. T^«lr nf.n^b*mriiit* v** 
r+mndlwl bjj ifcFmtclTv, ltd ih* L'nll<m Suhp. >.-r« acnrksi to p«T*at op 
blft«*f.-p*a*liif hiE M(«ntb) to* ri|W* F L *r k M fc aaalia l» nW jbmmm 
fMMH, 

T<7 Ibtf iW i^m bj Ebtf rel*, '> iaAaranfM* «J ■^Wri^ (V Maiiaul wi(A 

rrfwmt* fa lid mmJiti^m */ rAntfl (ratal *J fiW ar*l •/ E4p P' M 1 mimf J1WPJJ T " 

rlnwll* thai tb* AnnwHrf ■■ TXf ri.-Hf^Utmii &.<<*./ 4»in" nd 

Up nj**dtiMB.» aj u nh ui h*d tie pewrr, iTid »ith^ 11, uf u*fc|tig hwt for 
Uwtr an fowrDDkrDl Lhd (b*ii>f it* f iti tm* . —I fa it lfa» r-iliitn !iu) Em neap* 
Iron LliMi .^Uiid llin HBUflM-i Wu, fcudn f/pulj^ ir ,d T<dunl*nlj, tnJ mu U«> 
hi,— 11 Jpjf^jPrWrt' wifA rtfcrtmet As fA+ ciwjidhm n/ Mipjf 1 " il Ibfl lim* of jfak 
umllfitl wMah^pnarffl^uChlflf Jlt*ilfi Uh*n ■■jfi In Itn Dj.lrrian i!r#*iy 
^ur^ri,. "■a*fn J i'«ii¥* ftj iC« «nfAoriqr jm iiJbttiOiitJ ftirt( mir^rtj rKJoHf^ii *t&*iUy, 
but d ^M-fj/.' 1, 

WW R ^V^PftnrUB Jm /^f^ wiEb EwlElfpnTBl rl C bt>. Id, Xtntih v. t™rli6ni] 1 1 
lkti, 1 14, J«4i« K-k<W, tttJtamui id J jiiriil. |d >h,ri<, rtpiftto *hk in [h* 
hind til a HouCar,. UjJ h "-Thiit lltiMHl^h lttHflh!LB>L rifhu (rf >4«*fvi|^i1j 
r*m*Lnr*J IiiiIm L'niint ^laCM dunisg lb* Ut* dvlt **f. ai4 *™ild b# m* 
**rl*l *b*»T*t *n-d iIhhw :5m f>«riTnqi'Bl **■ mvmmU In tfon, *n urbH* 
*■* *>*T ■»* Jf-^^-d-^PC wnJ ah.li Lrtr 114 QiiiiiimiiL au -»»fc.U uj *b^i^ jb) 
ulborttjr, lh bfHifoiral r^bu itt tk* ppnfH 1* lb w wnra ■mftatif' !><< 
■M, im ItaPlllrit MU tawfullj mm tht brlliptrtl Hafat n[,mul£C[ dif- 
ftHit l»*«i eh wbrf," r 

1 1 »u*| t» i-ivtiMipid Ibftl it ii ■ brl!l^r#n| ri*h4 «f Ifar. ir>l iuijiDrtiiice lo 

1 >- i I'-wiIrr, 1lin tl^^i (ihjf mn-iEi with l| iln njtii n> iihnrurt bj par- 

afa»f iUT niniuhu'^pt, »nd in i)it mjinurultiri. tlihflijlil U> *l| ill* ntmlii In 
r#»..'li i„r in RL-L-i.in|jLli.limr.ii1. Th*n If IL wn» lm*f,il fi.r Hi* rtinl^ u» *■ ihm* 
I III ii- -. Iti/ wIiplI Jul* ii it unliwJ'ul fl-r U-n 4-IUjvr-n !■> cimlfftgW lo Hi* JLwful 
*rt fif Jlli HlM*T Th* W-iW, ** 1 Sdk, 4.'jnimi| ri|.inir,r(n™ puwikr. buE rami 
.Ik L| Ifamnj h fnBg.hjfM oc p.Twi»P h — indbldml rt,Hj(HMrfH» ftt Eh* ■sen-Em 
Ea m p*"lrn laa Slab*. 

A Still hiinlDf; m\ right mitt rmphj all lb* itimbi ■ iiiiMirri u, |M i.n|v r . 
m*n I tif Etil ri(hl, juhJ il ij « gran *b(«tii*ji W *B]r Ihal Ibi SUI» maj Uvfullj 



Tkt CvtfttitTOCjf De Jtrt at «H aj fk fWte, 2»t 

iA.i 1 1* ■ 1lift**i m*f m<A n4W*ft*ilj de m. 

Tti-n- !■ Fin rofcftLti *f tplfilirt brtn« fh W baUlftt •«! La* mft* rf Pnrj^r, 
idruV H r. MiOjum'fc ot ill., HiBaoKTtp* GpluM ty Juiljft Dftftdwfvh.,, M lif 
trftFiiMclli^i 1ti lW au m*i in Ajril. I*0», brf»™ *QLlua in tftlttft bjr A* 
BUI* tn ih* iHttitr &f i*f*Tftti*Ti, 

Itnv^rf* the Jfidfltkfiti I. 

Ifari-— Tin HiL[t|iih*btiv« wu drliwwl M Nii>l*llli», Dftcnmliflr l*rm, I8T2, 
i<il , ,- r- i it-.'*! fcera u cnncluuv* ut rii* nuinnr™* M*« f *H II f*nJ lug I n ti\* 
eavwti i.f Urn ri;n#, Involving: thin r»tlr«l|Joi ll Jolftrrrtlm*, ll "4* iwinuy 
rH.flii , 'ii-l, ttUli^iiE* HfriH-iWJ opinion, En in* tfftftft uf Th* Un-I^n Hint hi? ih"-- 
i y„ Al*iftndir Pilluoti, *i Jfttifcivn, *>nW*ttbnr' 1**"i, LSI*. —J. C. M. 



SUmmwii rtrtt*** "I tk BftlH* tf 64tt/ft»aflf.- -A J«ijt»*1™ *J ■«- 
HiMMfrft II- *rll», ». IVk UU" F1t*1 1ir«l<-niiil ft*J iUtJfrtM^ 
KmlYdmir Inwj, 

Acrcfarp JWA^rjk i/utorjtwf fitfi^ .■ 
t]IJ,l Bin; Tri« F-krEoH which I icthI hflrtwtlh h*« bcnMi £f*|MiT#d *t 
|h« urjtnl T«tuEH of »*YiT*J of tlm uii-vimf-iif til rt "L'Siini brig*d*, (Sec- 
ond mqirt, A. ?J. V.,L wild tli!ttk Ihftt. juitifo ia ill* Pn*mfl»r or [ho heroic 

men f<l ihftt r»mm»Bcl who jure U]» lll*5T Li»n ftt (Jalt)f»ljlli J H: ilamfliwig * 

m.^rp.rr( rf ,.L.r| mrfk* dLi* hu Ttt ipp*»lf N' I ft ttfl [WfE IjOfll* l*if tri+Hj 

an IbM, W«wJf tald- {Owing to th* f*ct ihnt mi H»s ll 4u1j I WU *o«- 
pitd *h,f rty An Iha right of In* liiw. ""I nwrtiilP* f#L*lt* priaiTipiiJar Dfr 
Aw iiw>** »f It* rrpnifTiU « ih* rij(h[.> In |.f#pvLi»i in* rvniMliT* Uf 
OhHwrr tkM Wo ftMuted bj P«*W* (■♦■wranJ^ Hft4* an U»t d^M. ">i 
by taltf" -riKMi S»W»«di«l*ir -hrt Uw «»■»* hiU**i Thtft ftBftMa 
Dr w Vf> |3uL in ail MibfttuituJ poinU thlft Mftoftiil nuf b* nrUnl M 
U ftfmml". 

U i* pr*>]KT Ui **ld ln*t 1 ^«« »1i!PM!lb*d ft* *ldni*-c*t»p 1* lift ftlftff of 
ihiP lrljpw!Lrr'PTrr»l HertmmftndiTi(i llm bHfMft, *o tbftE ] bi4 *X«!l*!i[ 
sirijwHulllilfti at irforlii ittji myi^ir at LEh comlilkin Mill ill JnnK 
VriF^ n^p«EJy!Uri JOUf *ln*ilLiint Mrrftlilf 

IU»nt>l,rll U, UfKlip, 

jV,b JW4, Murnh 4, LSTS,] 

ThuTliinl bri^ilftar Jonnft&n^'llif.^rtn ^nirmi th» hiit|*of rmtji- 
luir^ T»cy un»ch Jftnleui hj eM tl*ni m*rchin f ^hieh fftll to [Ej Un Elm 
■nil |i*p*iiiHl*. It fonnwl phrl of ftffl #BE»tlill<Ht*fJ f «fc* i»f LnfuUrr, 
« Tftlry, mmI anDlftiT wliich. iru 4rurtbt<1 tntm Ihv ^nM«4 «*pi aa lb* 



2G2 Southern Risttfrknl Society Ptipert, 

tilh Jit". n»d#f <b****fliH*nd. *t Hrifv|perO*Ti>nl a«ip II. Klenirt, 

and ordered to Merwrihlj rg an d MiOmnH]»ljLir|j, In lb* exeMJtion oT 
Ibe duty lumped (I itm required. Lo p*rfonn w>ni* hmwj nmr.?lnn[ h u 
ihr> folio* log itinerary Npwd wilt •&** i 

Tufpllt. 4 (HI* S), l»*i — Brok" n« p ntu «.fc*rwbarf . »4 p*"'"* 
Ibrmih Mafentown, L*lird & mi|np btrood ■■ J o clock. Di*1 jer-, 17 
njwl«*. 

WrdnndH-y, Jtirir'iH.— Moved nL 4] A.M. A|, tlr^THtMttf flint ff) Lhe 
kft an tSin fO*d i* Bi«W«r»bur£. h'TiBercd McCaintu]]>biiF£*bi?[H V P. M., 
after ■ Wt»f i"b of 24 mil**, 

Fn-ilaf. J una 3K— M*«h«i fwrfl HeC*>an*l^lHiT( I* CfaraWnlHiiTr 20 
Utah*, thnmgh 1 Heady nut. Tb* ^i*Itj miJtt W*jir Gffnwrr r+pEured 
(SO brad dT r*CEle, 40 hot***, a £>■■ mult*, and com* rikiljr.it, 

Saturday, J un*- IT, — G*tornn hiot^I at 7J A. It., ilirotijb rilii|ifi^ji4- 
hurjTn Em tflirinnfirfd. ftl>n much brflk<i|l rtfrtt-n, ImlD; marched il) ipiLtj, 
Hiapy fif 1nem bire/nited. 

SuTidif, June IS.— After a, limn march nf fj or " mil,** Itiad* rp-mp ■* 
L' P. H. akrihtl 4- Bi'tr* ■with «f Oarli*fcr. n>joLn<sl ™r d.Liii^i> IiVlLit, 

Honda?. Ji*b* Tf — About ? A. K. recited order* to nmnrlj I..11V to 
Cnjiml^tibiirjj. Gretl iLirpriu eg^rr-nnJ. Marched I] mile* and aarpptd 
] fittl* miii tli of Slow*lna-n. 

Ttira'lajr, June 3D.— Ooltirriia moved m% b A, }f, Pm^d thrtfueli J^lli Sp— 
pcn^i.ur/ [oG**erMll*jJ*, "here ** took left road In Fhy»It*ti<I|*, 

Wj-.-lnr-dtj, Jul* I.— ttalurjua mewl pi 1 A. M. Puud (hnHifb Fay- 
elleiill*, 'h: top of mriirtliui braid rapid etfvttainad. nj. Staa p*w tha 
»h><Jti- t-t 1lhe bitLlr r arid Lbr.n of burning hautN, Kitrnnt Lo I lie front, 
bat Ihr battle *ni iwir hist.iric 1wmt\ out rn m | ■ 11 u M-^iiidiiY liiGrlEya- 
burw h 3* md*P. Till* »ii mtiwbed by lli« bri^ad* on l'u^d«y *H'I W«i- 
ntMB^ [1 majf bavi* bern i. frr^Al n ■■ dU*Um»i it «■* not Im, Ojr amp 
OB in* f»»jfJ»t °f lb* M(-h miut luva tw*n q«JL hr Mha or wtit of Ur«i- 



Thui. il fef p««[*UiKl lb? rata of I Sd Third bria^ulfl liai mirohwl, wStJlIll 
(hf-nhn 1 dAjri prfMrltnj; liiDb*ll[r, *l l<iul l33 h pnrhiipi u murJi ill 133 
iDitr*. ?U<, tJuJujtb *firj »nj fpaLJdf*, th«f nmved t«ma*i| wklb at±f- 
rily •* t«V* put in tfa« jrrral emliit wbieb *»• ulrrwljr Iw^iin. In tb* 
Iftri J*|f"* ukios Lbry wm net rn^k^Hl, ch» +t»ttov haTimc l*+n JfItmi 
trmn Ih* (l-IJ by A. F, lid I, R(siis«, nhd, £*rk Iwfur*. tikajr *rfJ*i»l, "J't* 
Umcnf Hl^LramriTal m*y b* AjsmI by tlia oiTCti rnifeno* Fliioli [ tUmJi'idT 
r*rB«nlw»r. tit: tb« nrrl ril or Df rtinl L** ujmtt ihp f3eld, liu *nrrrj <*f 
tb#en«my'l po<i|p>n an C*flar(»-rT Hill met hl» iUm 1 ind t|t> diapaKfa 
of on*! of hvi itaflf jnift»i-J:*i+3j- in 1 ti* <lir«tH»n af Ibe L«in, 

FUHlitf ot« Ihr wriir of mnnnif f r where tbf lin* -or t>4Lt]» ooiild be in 
■ani* lMf*i^f* diili.H5<ly I noed by lh» f*ul( 1 of dead Fcdeml ioldini*, lh+y 
•Jitrnril tb* t4«rj of (Jmtj.bur^ * |U||<i bebrv duak. (Tb* 1.1m* «f *ur 
*(it#-finj( lb* IMd t bi bjf tb* r«1 Ehat L t*iilj md m Itlitr bu^j«] mi 
by M'jo* D*ogi«Bi-) Aflvr- icimidpnbl* dekj !>• beifsd* Bt*fr<1 I* iba 
m»1 and fcftoihrtitof I br- lorn and haliAd S-jt ibr nij{lir h the mm IfLna; 
dun-ii upon I liopr- arm* Irs oonldODl tspofltaiion of engiujjnjr []i enemy 
■Itb iba ttiorrlina- llfhl. 



Tkt Baltic of &ttl$&UT$. £fl3 

QpMtty ^' f1 n fiV*f**in*l H1UH mivrvfl h\ morning, noon, on J ■EWnoon 
puml ira iiiJhdion^n our pari, not Oil tlm enemy 1 *, for, hi w-c \rn3l kqm, 
h* w»» |;ly]np am and ntck and ■.Hovel lq fortifj-lng A jtWiftici which «H 
*lf£iJ^ tiilBtiL-HllLJy foi-reiidibl*. M-rmiwhLLB onn of our E-LnlT con ducted 
rcligioni WHfl W*, ftnt in tlnj Ten Lb VcrjtCl^, Ht<?n En ib« Second Hvf 
Jii |kii regiment, the mfh jjjncllv johihig in I he n-QleLait tfxercitMk, wltfcb 
they kli-H'* would H* ftw HJU-njf of th-cLr number Elm lull Ibf-J fihotild e¥or 
$nrn c» in dh earth.. At length, afle* til 9 conclusion of tlnl irvmcndoui 
arlil!--ry niti-1 wbioh for Lwo liouri jHnok eIi-e: unb, til* infant 1 r)f beg**l to 
tnuTf. It wnh pirnl 6 P, U, h*ftjr<|- OB? brijfitle wna ai-dered titrtimwd^ 
nvutj t*t«2pja*r hsun after ve ha J jwftt-q ii4* jsw^**, Whj wcro lo liprm 
ill* L v *t-tOTr fhe*of Clip's Hill, > rough and ru&gttl emmcllC* Oil Hi* 
■outbeaHof lb* town, which Corropd lb* key to the inom} r » riijbL.aenlrc. 
F**jinc UmL through n uninil shirt of Wood*, **fi MllMTI^d T*pidty in lino 
-of bnttle SCIfOS** flornhn'ld vrHLch lay bcEirfieu to and ibe bird *f Ibe, hill, 
tho cranny opening U[W5b U* toUkl* M «*[» m we- were un mulced. Roolc 
cre+k, w>ift-dfcp in umie places, w*J wlldtfd, fl-lid. now the whale lii» f 
tflCeLitlhti FtraL Worth Carolina, hold in. re«rvc on atii-left flunk, pr#4eed 
op the sU'i'p jicc1jtlI]t tli rbllgh the dftTknf** P »nd nu loan hotly angled 
with tlifl n^cnj}', Afur the oonQici hiul bet™ going on for whbc tinu>, I 
TflitUrc-d !0 urge tit* brijftdlierVLjonflril commanding la kiiiI FoUMrd lb* 
Pint KarClLGiToliuii Ed rtinfolod IbeiT ilrngjlinjt camradfi* lE*CEiving 
oriSi-r, lq I rant .- JT. ■ lM , I ]«L the regiment up ibe linll h guided. Ofdy hx [Jvn 
Bubci of the HHHpilsCt*! until I ntnehed a pv*-ilion nltrcul *f OUf tilO of 
Art on the Tijlil. 3n fhitil A bti1td¥dd f*^» Of so I «w anoHtcr tlna of 
Sr? p Mit owinji to Hi** Ihiok foluge cvnld UOt d«[*rmillO "NtWf tliR mu* 
bet fly.j-n.fii -trci* *ip Oi-^wn llt« oi|] r Finding that boUeLi were irliiHtlifij 
OTtTQUP beiidiL, I concluded tlife for** in <Kir iwnt mu^hf Ihc enemy, 
Uid *>*lrig h « I thoujtit, in jdrairjiWe- obnnrfl *-t ttlnllltg ll*W» Uniik, I 
urg«J Colonel Blown to tJW^e F*risd.ly forward mid lin*. When Sftye*tried 
"frfct I *nrinoi#d Ibo nropej posiltOll h I »bout*d F N FLni on iheoi, boyU j. 
fi^eOh tb*Hll fl At that moment Jliyor S'jF?3py, e1k» jJsKmiL ofncnr in 
cooimind af tbc TbinJ Norib OnTOliii*. tuiIlkI up »nd frliuiHeJ f "Th*y 
»TS QW own men," Owing tu ElL^f din of bft1.t3* the oomnLind to firt fabd 
nut bern liuard cxcc|il l>f lbo» "*««(. t* mr, ind I bdiff « no- i-FijUT^ 
rmnllrd from fay muilakc^ I mrl«4on It only in order Ea DBHirn.4 the 
IpifiniiKiljiliiy for lb* order. Boon A,fE4r Ibiv the wofkif were gillnntly 



» ]( rmx J»rk, uj UlSbnl BHtLUn d«l*l3«4 «* rtflminl l« lb* &t<4 mnnLlon^d LC fi+- 

ftbLAtu bat bdof tuiBifd. T»**rlair In th+ «hJi nn»h»pn*i*7 "P 1 ^ ml tuII.j 

■AW WllfT «flH*l H>] I**0hwS *na,*| Lhn hL:l t J ftill n>y UillOLLt itrtUE (W l*Jl IB 
Eft*l. M4 HTfrMl t|m«* Bl[Hl fT|Ml»l HCf±»E[ 10 rfrai Lhd UKin HRtlDebl (4 Hi* +UE*9It 
rf -Itn iwcul-bdcr -=J Lhi> tj-lp^li.-^ijirn-^ />*«( 9 4*1*-^ >frirj« ^w E*4- brfBfi 

I L*[ r,,* i+ll tm lb* ehHwJ^r 9f imit »flrl:ii T*»r ■■« b*lli it be* v E*(*. wliH urtt 

yjlisj i^ilnki Lh*rr. In lt» Ihlitaoji- nl" i^c f**:, UL4 *tHSEl» L* E««l.— J&*r*N J*i*«i 4 btftr. 



2iU Southern Historical fyculif PfrpwM. 

t \ tt t *i and Ukn tbemt 1| r. M H nflr* * bvtd «n»lk-i *f i*o Iran. In 
wbirb Llic NraHid hnrjluhnl ind lire Third N'nrth Carolina wonn Lh» rh jvf 
§flfTw*r»,* Acnonji lhrs*r w hn Ml *firn*ljr nmuMrd *,*■ <"n|«n^t J.imcn 
It. HrflipH, of iht r?tnvi<H| MmyliiJid. T Uc luMi*i .in llic in., z-- ;.-; in-n I - 
nmurd rrre Ir-iirf. but I lie Inn mi» pjjrrr lo j»:rr**oii hi tli* ertM fit tli* 
faj]]. Thi-. oninfE JoHbr- dArlcD***. atitt lit* [atr>rj^** of f,hj* b>MT, it 1W 
molt ril H*l t* 4*,1 A Ffdml Uttattpn tit. J. Uih|, In fat* PfecCmut 
Hip-lory of Hi? Oivil War,) fU« lh* folL.Birp account of llu* ni-lil «m- 
H.\H ; ^'.Minirfin mai^d und>r cover of f, lii> nromirf and fJ.-flMMllnp tWrHflii, 
hit J Mint-lfi! Mil tfn-y LT>n*)U*»t lijr Lflikli il w»y ttoii1>l 1m iK^ki^l for Hit 
ih-iD^in-J-'r of Eprt-irt c-aif-i Id rlir >'nli<>ntl n-nr; 'but lip found a for ml 

■iitl- ■i-s^.-.Eilii J;, ci-^-i «■ i tvfcnafe AnnAfi WaWv&fcfmJ 

rigor, tail lor BCtC I ban 1** JwUn Crr****, *f*;Hfn] 1 . j a |mh ol W|4> 
wortli'p CDtntnirad, fou|fhl tlie n-imi I*n1 ■*, tlr^-niii™ Eli-c von-drd .■Jrnpr lit 
frofal of til* work* w|lh l]in Ctonled*!*!* 4f*4 nnd wquihmPiJ, nnd holdm* 
hie jwphitili flrtnljf, r'iniillj, hl» an1jjr<mL( r>hr9.rar.*d ikn iiOrSci Urar 
f t pir|[l*-r , f Hjrfinjf, (nun which tbr trunp* hii-J brr-D Em ronrilj wiih 
drw»i."-"VisL I|I F ■>, t(-t. Tbi* *1ii*ni*-nl nr#dt <o* r**1 win. Thf** M 
Mdvtabt «f [In- fact lli»i <h" witV-, i»L<-«, t-.S SrtinM '■ Vrip* J" lIih( ftifbt 
w<tv Dccujilnl lij- FrdrrfcE Erfrngw nnd itiil lln'r t-frurrd n ■ Inn I If lii- iul-< 
ilri ntnkri. Atit-r [lii* fir?- lixJ Lwn k*i|it up lor Itbjd linitiik Llio+a Lnp~i|it 
■TtW llnU+.l "Witbdwwni"— jta( tl* ftfrfrmJ mhju J>** fi* «•» ^ .^rU*r|'4 JW- 

fdiy md Atf wirt fotmrtJ if <iU pnl V '** 4*nmrt-I 



■ >»•*. > HltlxT W TW IIHIW7 -T 4* hr*l* "f C»inyflj=7B r ilrf . ■ klr kpK>TKfrn pP JIm 
!MJ il#t* rtf Itrf- rnpfllrt ihpn ha MJfi "f*< A^-f««i»j Anrlfc.ii i$n« «■ ruilmini iraijn.1 I|k 
■ w1nir»W» p*ii» g^TFT^Iirr" *^«it *mi," Ii -mmw * «r "Jj P. U, b*l»f* <k* «*l" m *lil*hi 
ttr fttrta vn r^ MltOh hj Mir hU*4l<"-l < Tlnnr* hI'f r -lillf . 

r k»r»liJ >4-1 *e-i n J.IJ rh" mI-I' ^iikri U (**•' 4i4 hik : nil ■» or-n •* 'hf jf *j^f<-+»t*J 

— ma m l ' i 'i i ■ ' . Imr*lmir—w > i linj U ti in h-pplT Liiw pitojp— 1— !»»■■—* 

tM» Hrt ■ 'b^hat mwfw 4hw* *J n>a TMN I * 'i, »■* <W ■ J *' «* ■llrairt Id lalif M. 
nil: ihF B«il 4«^. TUf ■», «>ht ^B> . C*J itkjr. lb ■■ralill itwb WMjLfl hati taRMnlc*J 
1UHM1 

tJ *nil ■ llnbllkT llJH*Irf»l Hh BWLbl'JB-'i AlBJr «f lilt- l>V]i«4Db7. HI* ■>">■ I* * ** IPlbll l fcaj 

Dr . JaMbL uJIkid tnlcW tf Q+B+rtl Howl In M« ri'Fu'i' .if.*i*i*t Jo^l MG*, I n 
I r *fcMfTfc4 ■K+t A4»#n] U^wl ^ ■■ T Flt- I*- l| I ■ vkja 
4<V*>kfUl IVva rJaa avti |Mt «f lb T*iMkb 
l i+4 M«a B*btrr*n i» nNihn lt-™aV» iin h! ii— ■■■■ nd Ai ihrtAa iir»^»i Igr 
tiaifi puf M b. BbHc ^>rri ■« h* ™ i-uift HM i'i^f. rw lb m-U «T i^ m ir-i «>rhf. 

1|»1fi pavi , l\ur-lnn'otrrirv ■l«hdi)D»l l'jri-ln ,'l bi EuntiN lelli* rl||h<, Mm ""nrmy f"Irl4 
nrrlMnn Ed nppii-p hlrn, alid J" j ' 1 1 - 1 1 441 IbfDUKIi 111" m-ivl* Ifi rh*lr [W U'« lt» Jlfinr f-rrk-«n 
4faKl jblKlIb r1ildpbilh*f Ivih'- pomIH.UkI iMrl Rr-iiL|i (alnrd-lru |UH Imni* pikv. ln<U«il, 
IB*f**>ifp WIIMlT UVl W»BiNi.llJ«, MiUfc* I**lq-i»r1in.<rf ftiwtml B*rdflHfcp HOk- 
■Mupfn «l '•' rt|*^ «B«f *f *»* >kj, »™ Tidh *iu\rt IU41 W k4- hniw i 

j-Pip m ] f^)k dtdjw^c.k |r Im ■! ■3l, j_ii il trllT llli W*Ji » ti IB* Br>n«HnPtFl «f I 

«««sr t»n WfnrCiBHlIMM* aJiatHTC hrjcuj rh— l"1"ijr> ,h.'. . ,,il. m l.:rlq. »!Lhr,u|r, 
— r— *. twlrhrj furl tt Eutm* abiJ "lliuh-r *Bd fljlttik I4II1, ■ htff. if I* III*' ** |Wl>l 1 Uimph 

1>wrlFHJ i-nn nraqpFH) ^m<t\i\Ut*- fclni H.rb r wi Akutl «y w* !■■ Hi" m*n bfhud. 



The BatOt of Gtapmtrq. 295 

It b* Hiflkintt umf to tki* lUtawnl of tb* Ph>*U#*1 Uftoras, 14 
qual* lit* liiipiiiF*' ° r General Wf <4BW*J r*|p«ri (AwAm //kAvhbT 

ifro*^ /Vjk+* for JuIt, ]&?&, i-igr- IJr j "Tilt IfMJai of lb* form*r I Jobn- 
»n) hli.V"l alMiilj UP- Us* nlwpind niB"lf"d *«wm nt..W» b*»»jr firt, 
drivnii! UH ^rehir inl" •"■ ^tl(t*r*i'1i mnji b», gwrl ..r »rinH *cW tatritd 
tyr Sl.wurt'i lirljfiudB), and * niinibt-r «i |iripn|ii-i\ taltirii." 

Tl.F ]«r*l1lfni ItiutftP hardly" wan and at. prMlmt a«<»il *** armor groaf 
JmjHjrHnc*- 1 1 *■*■ wiililn ft feip- liu iMlri^l y«w\U «f iUu b.ilchfloro turn- 
pike, whJdll I Hi Ink H ^mmia^d. Il> m|iluKi W*» • toreiwh in lb* trif 
mjr"i line* tliraU|ih which Lr*S|>* ml^H ], " T * b**ri P™lr«d irtJ (he *t«OI( 
(Hniliiiin of lYnieteTy iii.IL rendel+4 BHtoriabrtn Odimril Howard sajri: 
''Th* ifmuxd *■-«* ravgh. and the woo-In wj thkk Ibai tb*ir |f^nc-ri£t did 
■41 T**U— I ill ra*n*thg "h^t |fr*T bad f*in«d. n ' Dr. JartU **T ,: ""Thk 
Wttfhl ka» [mf^duMlmw l» b* b*l II t».i4 kowivJ HwUlcM o*tr" 
Awl A* ikton tkduw il via % jPiniMi •rliri, if W It 1* **°t*W *■*** 
Lb to tola JfaaaVjcarirr Earfni ftrtrjr.t— Fa** 1M* 

Il b**Jj in k**pin£ wilh lb? haplruaJd rtwwfew o/f lb* wtrth- tnttie 
thai tbn SMfHif >■: a jFuini of melt Hr»(r(ririraj*rt»BC* ibtnld not bare, 
brer, taken idfanUpp of by the OiRffdriraU-ii tl relnttiht, hffweTr., n<> 
|*u ■ |tf*it'l mtJBWf fat tbc officer* ami ln^h "f lb* TliJnl brigade, ibat 
Ihr i r pro-ma lathed for ihe CortfedpratP pricnl * |4tlti?n m hPT* ''HeaJVW 
Hil It? JillC mlfi'iL bare been iflkm In KTPrM'."' 

But if lb* Cbaftdomi^ did net r^itin- wind tJi ■■>■ liiul pained, Lbe F«t- 
rr»U wara TuLlj iiWart WBdt lh*J b*d lfl*t. *■"■ ^ti|jpij|Ij', Ihny ipml (b6 
nljjbt ntiVJnj Ironpi and arliibr^ far an iifbfl H> r«^lll lbf>)F work*, 
••ImHnu ih* nijilit," »y* Swininn ( P im*. 114 1, H * powufiil miller* *** 
HOflmubu*d a^tlBiL lb« ]H>tat ^ntwrd bj tb* »fn<Htlf." Through ibr 
ItiB^ b«UT» of itff nifbt we heard (»i* m*wM|.n^ i>r Lh^Lr pin*, and Th*«;bt 
Ibrj) w^i»*T#TB*iil*( lb* bill. Th* tr*l »lrr*k *rf d.jlijhl raroBl«B.4«r 
BiiiUkr. Il mm irtntriy **■» (Ibc writer ^ lbi< b^l ) J*t bin dowa to 
f|f«|. .fn-r m tii;Lt Lb Ihc BmiUtr r «bm *b*lf millffy Oprnrd Bp**v Df, al 
i of abOBl JO* «*?ds & laariBe «ul fidlinf If*, *a whii we bid ** 



H •<■ H > «M ■.nikrtn bibi «iJ ** JWr lfc* l*li* 4m «■ »» Ukktk. lab* far rawav, 
«a4*ap**t HMairtat*»«Ul'n i)h> iorrtt> i*rttfy UiM «L.*<l-7 U.jh^H^t whU tb*j 
• ■4 .|r.t.l tk.L a. ,,11.. I', I Kh Nril >ul-iiFhi Db Sh« uHi'T*UI«, 

» Mfttki klmi#i r, *s i«(U( tajtc dl!lv bmM* «a *ii™.ii»iiiri iiid iu hli Ktaur utrlkta , 

■*n Lhn *kit*ttii Unit* Jltlw be hid *n*«M * IihIiimiu [ilik. MawaAfr, ^Hm«I 1^* 
,. f . ih ik-w .** riinim'- MrlM-J.-:. »4 h».i pu-hivl fj^iMHi Aufwai prtiiJmU^^Lhs 

\f\f -|ipil» ■■! |l,»*riuf ; l,aL . . . (h* clilil <tw1l\t* I"(|t>, i.|,|vMiiillx fbr J.-piiiWubL- 
irhkKv'KlM MiltlriLTU« iniLiubi . * il- *#**1 H ■ *!■* ■ *f l.l ." Ilov wuN "dBUhhiUtU" 
If w,-UBtf iL vi:t»l etji^MlAlni r V«llr, UB««BpM brf*mna*lij BHB)| Ti41« t**& J*W .in 11 * 
|p 4lal tHMk. 

| BMP- N of lt» W4 «^n»M " B*i k* ■■-" *« *4'Ml«t« "»l«ll ™ -Tf" tn 11— r 
HpI til thai w. aua bnF, ha ml«h', T^h lbVMp M hirl, Kara ala^Pj haMn VHk uVa 
Ma*, aaal «*t liht JlMtt aTaVf Bk Tf*n«t. Ipol ha — laJBMfeai af 4a* ptaw >4h* W arbJA 

U» *■*•* '-rasa Ma. 



396 Sautfkrrn Historical Society Fbptra. 

■HHof iwplrng* « eat gait* ««tM n*4 V* «tnf i«l up (hit *(•#«. w»i 
rn^prri tionit* Tlirn. ■ lit<1« *ft*T fiiririw, iltwr infanlrjr mmrifJ fan 
w*nl (n liMTjf r«c* In <Unel( in. *'The trodfn or ilte T-Atinpi hi?^," 
Mf M-rt-tn l*>r* K "lini r»lurr.*d frem lb* kfr, ami 1h* ellvitfau of W^kthmi 
»n.J 0»rj. .ulni by SJVatrr'i brigadr, ft* \hc Siilta drpi, raErfnl upon ■ 
•*f*Wf Unffh I* ITpJit *k* k»t p-MiEJM bT tb« ltat."t TVj ilrar* iq 
our r\ Itmttbm, tout i»nM tvrt duled j? «* ft*ro (>* werka M bud. e*p- 
luiril, nil hough [Ili'hp if etc corninnii'Jril in part lij' l-llr- T»arfc> ah ilia crest 
oF tlir bill la -giir rijjJiE. w Unite* a gtlltri]; fir* in poured Ln|o our rtnki, 
N**t « itr-ihp tflfart *■■ Bud* i* I^«t# uf in Sihk. «4 I **U H«nb« 
Hut at «■• limr oar lirw TTHmbSni lhir« aid*a of a penti^ri. Ehr If II 
ltd* fc* I !*B wnsipotifd] or urn*. Mhf-r brigade, Berlin uid rj^lji AnrnjHw^d 
of our own hripntlfi, vrltiih lltun incL'upLfd I lip moat Ddvuiic+il pout ion 
towtrdMh* <»it*T Eh* hill.: Al^ul llii* llm-, I think, ward earn* to 
G-nrfil Steiuit tbitt 1 he Uvea* n-rnnnu r>i tlcn w M *lfa4*l *x haaHrd. Chu 
or hit iEtirl EDunfdjalrlf took Ibrf-f uie-n tod wr-nl an tool to thr BTigumm,. 
djittnl *bflut 4 ttnh irnd * quart*!*, *ni brought up inr» Imgi-a of caf- 
tridj|#« P "Wij fmpllnlcitfl Iww Jiita« b'nuMl ami *i-?u,il- Hit? LljtikH 
oti *, mil,, and ao carrkii Le eo lb* front." It wu n.«w, I lEiink, about fc*lf- 
paal atnr, and tTTritnc? I o'clock Eba En- of lb* flfMrmf hid bren ilisoit 
e*jBtiftBi»it» T M !«*• l**nw"ej*ir*,| Prof*tsi« Juotu u-:* "tba DAltl* 
rt-ft*l fur3«uw}r K Htnl wu j-utriiatnid wkb d»|>*f«i? ^Mtinur no bolt 
■■Lil«." JIe> gun on to iprak at ih* " Lerrlbla tUughidr" nf OUT- m*n. 
OmPTl] How*r4 kfcjii KJ wfint eiyor tbo priinml fl-r* yrsri *El*r Elis bal- 



I «n% A- p ul l p. N in- ■ y p n i- n -»* u- -—- j <■••« *^¥*r- 

Tb" nn « Lka ftiTHW ■■# tna Ji» mbIHIIIm ttmiw i\ illprir H*JpH*l>b> f~( hi ih i* HilM 
tip hit r*hF, >Ad thLr -rtlYvlflrUdiM Mrbltl>4ri4 U- Lh> *Mhn»tP *T TlK r*i iJlttfi awl lb* 
li|l|l|lja*h|i-oc^op*t|«ii.r iHn r*rl ^.r lt,«i|nJ. , . , , Hul.Hbm^h tn |V|il|liL Vlltbl. 
,-t«<prnil «»-l Linrrrr » II nflhi Lha nuiiv 4-f IJ.n o!d-Llm» Iaaj4f, ]r*t art- |aln-<l <:•* (Ti>IDd 
modi hkl tu^laLaad: l»rrlWa I'rfin.' 

>Thita»ir^.TtlttHT**wWB hUaianan -* ["-■ MM h«1bi^ 

At a?M i n i rt lL T* r*J»M Utaai xMMbi If cHt*«L «1iH* vm > | I It J wril fl ^ 
*>*I1V 1I»*rlprf*>*l(l"Hla«»i« htalal.-^ripnif yhi« .JfIT'. 

] ~Tl** mil uf Ihi h III til lliu right *■■ till I rnurn ilrffl^ll *f aVffroKk. init it*ni HL lt+ 
wmf vihaibJa inandUd* nur- wjEntl* llh*. . . . Th* itrui4>* for l h» hill "*» b«™ni« 
MNilantFtlHH. ThH*far li lH Ta^mmrti. m-ml aUk+murk,. td-J HWM 
<• la a>W 1*4 la ShL *>4 ■■ — ■ { n htrlaa ™aoj ra i jw t aanb u ha * lancrr m all 
ttWtIM luAdC . . . tta Lh«Tia*1 ■wifcrfk aakl, *b*f* MrlHl mmrm ijBuari. aar- 
- It ti» huH jla*. taiMt ttwrti a* IfWt iWtlf, aM U-* »13-H|;i1a ri> t«it ■■■ lb 
Oajr WU i»*|i-l»ln*d ttialr "fl^JlJiin, huTUTi", nhd r*Hj>Wt rf HBf**?*P'"pl«." 

Tb* rtlrfWDrH <ihiI|m vu on Lhr rlat.i, »Ld ■4lTL'h*dl ih«i hwiMy da rlnn: 1I1J1 pari of 
Ifc* kajtla. *q itii huL a hand full *•+» tilL H iHilWlffWI I* 1a* *aiJ tiup. 

|-i» Iba d*j *OT* «-, tbt bail CM* Ih* «n *»J !***■* "I hUbX and la* M4fah|>C «f 

ta- -t*X laa*. M l*i***l a* M M *J«oat p» a aaw Wa a . IT** -*T* II p I I If 

III lilt I la, lb* *r*Ct*^> af tb» -akrajala, aanl aaJ at a* **M* rational . art knlrad *f 
fnah klr and a lltll* ptrt*4 «l PWt a£*1n rf l*mrd In llw Trrat.-^BHal. JHf* «L f* alM* 
mlraiMm llri had QUI ktat* nn. th"y ***« "■¥« P*IL*f M tef* b™»I ddJlni all thU 

*naB.fcMrmnl»HrmHiln(-i»o* ^Mth litMimt Cu*<oaaU- 



The Batik <rf Gttt&tofrg, 297 

tit, «nd nirki pf tb* i.tn#|(U. m+w* itill Co b« o**#nf »d— ihfr lota* nt tb* 
tecb> *J*# dwotanrd in bHndrtdi ot phrt** w b*f* Lb* bolJtti but rtrurb r 
Ihi Irw*, *■ nil off. lopped daonj, or iliirrFwi, VH* *4U] lb*T*-; «4UH|M 
And tt*** w**+ p*Tfar*t+d "Kb balra prlvnr* ItMil^n lull* bid «n« been 
duf cut, nml nrmniiitH of (be r*«gJl br*MH»rtrli« rfmiiiird. I did pal 
noinh-r H1.1L iponfMl Gcan,', wtio Tin* in 1hn Lliifk"»t nf HlMlljlTit. LlHrtJjjlll 
Ultin*ln lutHl* of (SrHysburg mu»L b it* boon tuugfrl thawc^"'-**- Atlantic 
Afmilfy.July, im, p*gs Hi. 

Bui ill lit* effort* of tlio en*my biloil io (llnkdfl* u» LTnuuucd, lbs 
'[ I -i id Nri^Hi I" b«LJ itiB pdeLlLon Ibrjr Iiftd W44I lb* nlf hi b*br*. BjWUll 
w»U*r» ^pf*h of JobuMwi being brairM^ Triufnttxl. It In ty lw. But 1 
rVrl >ur» Lui Lbit (■j-adTBiiced line trf «-u Hm. .rl< iltlft which Swilift 
bid hUiVpIi 1.li bfij(iiJfi Lib* a wedge Lb* riijrhl kujfttn W4i held by bLm 
■loo* ibKUfb fell ibot* Ktttbl* bertSf* on lb* morning of [be 3d July. 
Th# irkliKniMDti whicb came K? Jehfriee, ni(|i( b*r* br*n e mpEoTtd 
on lb* |ub m ob iflos oibcr portim ef ib* Ha* lb** thai swipied by 

■M 

Tbrn nm« Griinil £*r[L> nrlr? Co *■*««* lbs uflea«iT* cud uiil Ebo 
OWL of l'itt|i"i Hill, oil our rifbl. My durr f*t» ifatl folh Gr-Btml St*U- 
»ri add tientml Dwnk I, "Iw BS" MHI* "]■ «rilb bii brigade to mppoti 

lb* moveraenl, itnonjrly dbapptuftd cf Jimkiltg <1> I> M«ull. A nd nrLl 
might tll*Jf duriiir (iF'jHtprsn in Lhp fun of kuclt ilifHcilllii'i. XliO WfJiffct 

■to 1m ntnriB«d r*n almost *t Tight Anal** I* Ibwe *o ooouiiieddt Mots* 
ettr, Ibrnn wft* K dfwbLn linn of vii Lri< n iihiimnf*, art* tbov* the QLb*r, and 
eicli nllrd whh troopr. In mewing to 1 l,n ntitck tth Trt-ie ospoc^ to mi 
fnHUdinj fir* from I be trood* on our lift flunk, tnt*i,d*i Lhe double lina 




**hlHh« 1UU *(*<» h Mm: - Ptm t S» * ■*>*■ »•■ lw**I ■ 

h mfiil It* rrT^hi-^rH pnlntM. . . . Tb P*fcl>l Mtf B4 Mf'T - > Tb» 

rrul ™h.^j ^i± -mpnhtttJ ua»IIT i*4 ntoHH* "— JV^K n< 14. 

i Da af J i Mlmhj . Th» 
. I • i l*jci*rp ^ ttara'i HiJ . . *£*•*£ 
I a l lCh V ***r 1-U*Fta» iIhi Ikn UW Hte. ]IH H Ikt 
MkWtti bwiM^ F"t» IBttawwi jiiiil hrilmri ik» 'j 1 - - . Mi «H An M u thg 
l|-|Tl uh IUI ■vktj' iHLIi mri bdHb ll^nim r h~*44*trMf* i»i QiWWlVIT Ut *«*■> 
b»l.-l..i.I IL« lbu»itr. . . . 3rdi in wr\USiry rwt-" ~ rr™<*.ilr tM*U~— refill 

t h j rufcumjHjj »ij» Lli*l Juti*-u6 * ■• -*nkf*fn«i|y" F*l«rs>r<*t L>7 lb fcstyulri DfP(nil(i 
ui1 lhhirt. r-frtfchlj shli -M Jn«n twrvn 4b* Ik4 hi-l rhmri.. I r*ffi*Htb*r1fai Imw 
l.in-N. . "iH*sp« LhU tim* 14MopI ■#* M Mtoa, »4 I illd fc« *** amiiki^ tir-Ht*** 

kJ nil Clf lr..iPL lirlgk^M mx^ hkia brvD ■ mpluTn'1 Ah ih* pight Uj |ah F1mk# « ITl Mlf 1*7 

hnr, I ■*u"J nnlj ■!■!* Jl ja my t««vlaiE«« ihu ■!■* wpt*r*t »»fiJ »<r( *^kJ *y ffct k#i 

■i* A^Xyr.1 l*r-i frtm 1 F. X. J*lf M. i<* Ju A. M . JM* ir,«J4 ■•■< ..lAfr j Hu r.n R Llio 
hH k**r ur ch»lr *KHI*£|on rt» 4» (1 > th< r%Ar nf tin mill <■«■ lnH UJf Lb* Tilled nlf 

flu ifi fiini^i 

ITh^j ■*■■ nxtAdinC nrf Lh«Lr tfaltllT t* m i| him ItV «M till* th" ■hnl» VgLan 1|b* 
brann-r F..|HbiJr. Grww tad t—i» I hi* fcnk L. »■ farlLtUJ hy . i>rj 6^-tt ■■"■». 
*h*rtl rh. mill of [In (mqi^l U.Tan<<zt#aHllB« m» JL«Uk«> mt f Lfll ■*>#•■ 14 bla Bxklfl. 



8&fi Sfattfutt Jiitterkai Switty Fkp£r$> 

r>r linn vrhir.h He had Lo ftine in Irani, and 9 battery aT artillery po*lod on 
* bill to dor left re*r oi»n.ed upon ti* *t *hert Ting*." TlV hht vnHwJerv 
llirri, if SEc-unrE wna rrluclnnl Cci I'M J hi-> men into jueh a sSmi^lit^r |ieni 
from '.Thick In - ' /aw then* rapid Iw: no E'.su* bitt ii^tH and dfiejt! Hot 
Ihrntjlt he erm.mi^pit«t, he jenll^ntly oh<^«t withinBt delay Ifw order* he 

received, £iv inji I hiii «Miintnnii r "I^I^Fh^o," and hfLerw.M'il*, N Fitn ti^iit. 1 " 
IJs TH^ie big men ]e*p (he W***tw*wka And Form in Una of ban-to on the 
DEIiut Midi; >t right nriftroi nearly t to their |iri'rieiH p rent ran, pulled all 
lbs tint? Iti tririk hire From the. enemj. TJirn drininp hi?; Award, lie 
pit* tfea wm m*nd , "ChMijeb^y<nn><"2 L ' and morad ttmwfdoa foot with 
liiy nii'ri into the. jiiwi of death. O.i iwept the jnillri.nl litllc- brigade, Elm 
Third North C^rohruL on I Ise Ti|ihl -or 1 bp lint*, nest, the. -Scrand Maryland, 
then Ills three VJTgiith regiiiieht^ (Tenth, Twenty-thinl, and Thirty- 
BOvenEh,) with lb* First North Cnrolinji on I lit rjstrerae Lett. Its rink 1 * 
witi" utily tbinnrd and h* e-noTjN-*** ^n-.itly de-plated by tt)fri "is Fearful 

b0Uh> of tattl** LhuL mifrniii^: Uu iu ni'rYt' nnd ■■;■■; i! m ■■? hnlin- 

ifbed. Htson, however, the lef: and centr*: yt«u checked nil J then rcnalicd, 
pobaLLy by tjin #*Y-ere flunk fir* flora the VMdij fltvi the ftnolt n-mntnt 

«f li* Hi ird North Cnralinn, with the. nETongur tjcoand MiryLifid {I do 
not rvuu.ll I lie- lnnn^n nf any nth^r F-i-iiisii-'Ti t |i. were f.tr in idviin.ee of the 
rest of th« line. Oh they jir+ased to within n.b*«l twenty or thirty nao«i 
Of the World— n intnll but rnllani bund of herOra ditili.g to fctfent|H whit 
could net b* Am* by fl"*lt Mtci blood.f 

The end teon came. We net* healo-u bhdt to the litia from wtiLch we 
bad ndfrjntuJ with lerribb ln.ii in much confiiiian, but the tnvfflv did 
not miike a cnuuter f:hnT|I(-. Ity tli-e ilrenngun e(TjrL« at Lbc otfioan at 
tht line Mni or Elm »WlT order kv KstonwJ.and w* nifoTwd In the 
BttMtYfork.* from vrliicb wn- bud emerged, there to bti i^ill fXrKHed to 
■n nrtdlery Are exceeding in violence 1hat- of the early inornLng. it 
Toai^inn only (^«y ihn.1, llfee Prflk-fitt^ IT1OT1 Istrr in thf diLy, tin* tingle 
bfjfnde Wat- hurled unsupported ngniuri the enenl^'b *orlie. E.HJWt'i 
bripnd* Teinn.iii^d in the. t»r*«lvrtfrfc,i durinj and nftar the clmrgu, and 



■ r>n*r>"nr JwotH t*#m' to «)1n Ja t* ifili 'Fhrn he ppjf-i ? "In. th!' t^tIi s^ *™i h, * lmii»r^ 

if irhllcrT j-'jj-*d cc x K.III In Lh* flgfrl nf-UL* Qall Imncn Idrh^lfr, *nj UDU Jhlun i4Urh 
At Itx CT=H-1»rV, wu fuund In hd¥* jicfrrhiM k ^t^mIiLeDI p*fl.""^W' ** 

lEMbuvjidBf ih* lkvti I h*w m*L ¥.Lih ih* fotl*irlBoc*H4unioJIM-> TT.(~or#tM* oturi* 
In Hu» n cool fT*** L44 1 - -EtaJdtnly lftrc^nkl t*- took** t/y n rtll ^i r»li&r, Irom it>^p-wrii. 
tr r«ne^ *nd (h<- u*ir lad*DC IhtJp trty ltir*« eKH^red 1n p- 1 ■; h ■: oVhl di miriij on. . . , 
Th*y hutl p^tcor^ com* Into hut mu-.Ttei ni((< whtn ih' im* In r^=r nionili^lu PT-rn:* 
te ItHlr rttl und.|Kmnd In i oril^MJto t^hi+jt, Ttw ihoeV »p> trrrlW*. Th? nn ramlng 
brwH plngj[«rrfL*«fl Ekrimnm^nt wra|jb«''h*ii*i , bfh]n!|i'»nj »nd ra^ii; bill abcJIpsL 

tfl lh* finiow-of th»lrort^?r'. -U>if7 JlTnE4jl»d nn, «™r ^4*t nmf dupo-nH> HHi l J *rf!W^ 
fiHuiypwn/ r*i riwu/nn/. '[LfrtuhM&t dtn.lid,' f*J+ ILlkt, 'IhlA Nl«T tfnJT^^auT- 
«[«awd/." TlirnrdlH -nJuJ Llin jAu>L P*w*lUt*c*Dld. J*. Ml 1 ! K "Will la ml*. . . . (rfli:*n. 
■ nd nE nljfr icnlWlKipd, Lhn lUrt [f Mr ef ITid <EUE(n Ptlgiffr<4 t>Mlibl*»rfnj LhngrminJ 
lltnirn *itK llUlJ Jtwl ind djr*J»[*IOl/ "M"nH*J. h 



The B*ttfo &/ frVffyrtwvy. *9Q 

r front fbml - vmttr >*>d d« from ^«im k«4 >* uruHwt Of 
court* il t- to be ^renta**! (Ml lVn»l-*l t^r li-t vi<-d i n obtditfM* I* 
4t«t*r^* W» hrBi ■in*d in ibl* iffeailworh aft#f lb* chary* ahaal Mi hoar 
bctfure W* ItHlljr tb«i4*o«i lh» FVder.iL ««Er«nt-lini*nU and r^tire4 » 

lliri fivi4 of |h* hilt. The I"<h|h™1 huEAfiMM M|r w* w*r* i£-i>« f TO ra our 
|n»#lLlcn. Tlim $*iiiEnn flffirnn lli.il ■' Le whm cnrrlMl iff a charge of 
ttuiTf'* dlvi*lan.'" Tbii *L*1^rn<>Iit 1 il'.-nr At in cjf^-wltln*rt nnd ihinr 
in til* fwnflici to rli n electa, nnil m Ohrt 4>f LlM »Lnfl wii4 UMlHcd in enrry- 
Iriit n||( ihfi milrl - wll]|dMwhi|T Llic lnir>|"< to I he hn*4< af lb a kill. Il wu 
■ ¥rry dtflLi'ull Lliiiip: 14 wjibdrnvr lUi> fngwiiil.* of n ■lettered brijjndis 
d'-wii n » I !■*>[! Iiil! Fh Lh* ?■«■ -of Elm f-n*in_v, nml f have a ttvid rtoollec- 
Limi of our n|<[irchrmi«1i-* of tli* result o( niiMi n in ■vr.-meri'L Bill k «H 
diMii*. cjI 1>*fiw* a cliiirge of lb« rtmnij , Mil in ut^Ii^nw lo order*, md 
*p tn» Hoi pUttrird, nor were the woiln- wn[ip«i bj- tn* Frfu**!" until 
*• nwbrd Jtock creelf, ft) lb* b*w* of tb» bHI. 

t frw of vmi men on oitr J*h. rail** Ibfti* i»<ut lb* flta>fTT of retirfef 
dawn lb* hill under thai wnj brftty itr, r*«ftincd brftind in ibe 
• nlfrnrltbHrtil- ftrtd gw ih™*rf™ up. Tba b**-r of lb* bill rmcbed f 
tkirni *li-T* "-ere [hrt"Ptt «tt, aqd ■* remaned in Eh* iml wmJ* el Boek 
*-n-i-k Mil 11} P- -Si-r when * r Hlirrd ■ilmllj- itn-l unmilnEed. 1 Snd 
iW rVMnwhtg Heard in mj Aimwj reirhrihjt" to lb* lilrti- wh*l» w* nLLrwl 
Iq llin fiml af the hill: H N*w (.rtfnrii w#™ farouiclilon, mid [ijj;h l-i ipiI con- 
linuiMi until liol* (4 P. M>. -1 TJni^ nu,[ T^fflr (n ritckrt llriftg, 

fl only rt-TimiTii IliAl I gE^-f iU^li HaE^m.nnE nT am Iob«» V my mile- 
rl*U enrtl"!^ in« la nttta UnfuriunttpL^ E Urtvn ppI^li in finlv troni eInfw* 




♦ -*■ -m* m «■ «wn iaawfc*4 ■ — ^ t^rlfc B™ ™»- -r^hwJ «e*% ik J>pm lb™ <*&*** 
■to**, lb f>*«Ce« * rl'lPE p-nu^ Imtily #i>h1fJ. Ill" w*r*lf*- I' f.,.ii-1 |b]*f Ijhrt 
ErtlM Imiliwtt. **> >hrtT lit* ahn-j. M> ibw btfl. ■!*« *r»t y^«i =* ^ "«■ Oa IW 
Ml *^« » f* " - »J wpp-If, fr"J ■Plilrti EJK +n»iuji ihuyrl . i rt wr* »pnp ii < «. tTd/ ( 
I fi:ii- —•-* "- ' TfcJ. «^ !4 H^f hHn W — ■ i»M^i« HM iMfi 
lkh«MMlt4*U»llfllrtWME<kba.f^lrf*.:MrU n Ml r ll 

QV p .^ i aJh-i ImwI PJ* i*J — art m 4iw%«l fW <fcwrt^r<» t^- ■**■ 
h* tiwn >h luili nwH rf h, Xkdr f ^ ili j 4M not ^™ir w»4 iWIt «*** W.*rf, n* 

■ plItfE M F.J. . . . !■**■ HEf tb*itobl»«f thidh hdpH*l >r«c Itw IL»i&dW* 
Jft*B IM ni*4#«i liH 1IV- hr*r«t H<)bf a^i'l-h-irri'iik (Ml IH 9* +US(H-*<1;. i&w^lr 
v ,Hin.l^l TMi iHMNp nrtr^r uid udt-lp Ertihhu >'<ir(iiA il'i— iy. r-li *>*4, f>1ra4» 
4mrr«1 ^N *"w»4 mi, MjtS ]mj wrUkln «• it* creaniJ 1 1 ■« own chmn boj* 

i™»IM iwplurr »nil ri'l'i'linrlj- ilHy 9Mnm^nWi| iWllEni l-"'M 'Il.r n i-nr Ink »i 14 j-tr¥*nt 
1 HHII, Fnf Mm brl^AjlA HM Ltrr1t'l)":!ll lip 4ml ih" m"n "iirll ilnnwimllwd. Tkhlni ism* 
rwh* p* r*llk».J ih# »eriL«r#^ n|Lm'ni> i»J mwl* > .l*hil VliulLy it* iMk <jup bid j*»1- 
llwi tfhlhtl Ihi hrMilmrkrt, juj^-nrt-id tijr rk-,h Wn I'Tl^Frlp HfC lit Iftf til -"*K"|1 »■» ^imr 

■ Hi1«r lh> nnt-l hHii'i- Enlkiili^xdJ Utility #* I h»« «1«r * lt*Tl»nr*H, but »L1h«i1 

mifh hHi r -bl^'.M° r rin iluiirmj HrhNA. J (in* II fbH a* I B&4 ILtddliii io*i 
U-itw Miiaf»d E«itl»a^«f Lb. ThW Ihnk r*Mrfl«* "n Idlevvi lrWi;i hudlDil, h 

1 lllljljrt ilTiatlj l«0llf 1 f*a^f L*»rjlj iho^ M>^ >HhFr nflnvnl. 



r*f ImraU l+ttxdrd. In Una Tenth Yatfalt (*bkk I think «« rttj 

mtM) tbt Id. w» (tiOri, « ™Djrd. «*J «{«i. J] Mf Tb* I &«• ■** 

t«-«-n ibl* to *«. f Hy, To* Tiicd KofsIv CrttLliM l«l, Mftwrtiug to mj 
■rLrmoraniU, killrd, wound«f, ifiJ mi»« n j. Jflff au.1 f SI 2 g»D. Dr. 
W*«l, of thivt rrpiinfni, wfitn (lint tliii i:crm|H>ti.iJi -rrry imrlr to *t»* 
HjHm |ti Imi poMMilen. Tb* Second )f.,r*l*n>l Jnm, Mronllng to nay 
TtBtfi, 2W mm. Oibtr wiLmatM (Ly Oul*j:nrl llfltlwet mid MnjorGDltti- 
bdrflkjj|]i] jmt tlirlr Ima, An* at £SU, I ho filter at 2<H. One company, Ihftt 
nf [In* Jhinrhlfd Wiltia.m II. Utittaj, carried into iMtllc PQ muni, und Iwt 
It killed^ 37 vrnuniltd, total Ml AaaVhlfl *-l Infill* (Ijj Lb» ©fd.*i% i*f> 
(rthil of fAini.||ipiiy A J pun iL it fli My dlprf iEilh ||>h1 Iqb brigade 
tuuitrml Jil«iil E,3!» Iftlw? tb* bMllr. AL ]taj»r.tai»A, on Lb* 8tb Judy, 
■bout 1J00 nrq TfpWtrf fordnrtj. It I- ]iretpibt* IhaL fflhm Mlban- 
qurnll;r <k W J ft| u I Diiwt Hunk <4s» let* Wftt » hljh aj IjWO tarn, in 
lb* Ljwrf lb* following retry « My diary July Hi "Total lav in Lb* 
IwLfiJ- 4 killrd, *roond*d, tmd ajLainf |[ «t},» 

ThrtT ■ «* afvfeblj muy tfrafltJen «| lb* SMftt to R-lttwHHpm, 
Ma* of abuts bur 1«t# •*#■ t»k«b pnuivinj b*l MAf gadmbl iJtaf> 
*j.fii i j in,- In r<-ri..i : i ili-j Hptr* i -t> mijjlLi h*i |njt jlflQQ. ' 

Thi#* fnrrul pfl*l*» guftdrnliy induAiU lh« uhnnulcFaf Hi* work tin** 
bra-Vvntni urn callrd an to do, Tb* LViihl Bri(p4« ij B-dnkla** JmL 
ftbaul oiKhthind of Eliflir IHJT&W (2lT man out tif AT] Onocura and man) 
In Ultilr fihncni clmrjl* , That h i ndwd, lv*i qaw* I (i nrwnly Tulnittw, whlls 
Uiph (w(i r*Klmrbu URtHinnd Ikfir lD4*«f nnclnjf nil J 1*o-ihirdi during 
* wnfllet *f t»n hfurt dunrtleai, Bul M lew *<i nny eiiinq ftr it.- m*B 
^ Ibi Tlilid brigtdr that Uicj mainttiti^ * kn C and UDHluil oonteal 
ITilh ■ ti|or HtJ h ronilani^ worthy *$ Ebo Ihm{ m«pL 

•iWlhUtal^l r« tkM* bdnn Al lb fffrtMt tfMK|.|M ■*»** *C Lb. mam- 
■4. 1|M tfe* MH ImUi MrMhMU kf JWhsla 1 n«a 4« ntn, vwfuM lM4-k "Wliiui 
"" k "■ **•* •*■ *•■*■«***■ "^J> IT *~tf pHdUM T»# ■♦+** ■■ *Url l*p Mk U 
ba* I^bu w Mfa *arf im vtib. ■%*£> «»J t*IU dk* ■*# aikmri *ak i i h mm,»i 
■""* **' t - 1^^ *ti» hafcn *e Mati ifiiitNi *aa ih*i o»rt f*rt^. ibin tba tmt- 
Bp net! bm n liiij.wH,** ia* bilmpf r a*r. iai„ i it, rkiiP F b« h, ee^-M^t, 
b.Ufl r M4td *, ih* i|^» -*a ihh *h«n. ■b. ] r »«4%n*j W rt.-r^. iu. aaJ ftn k. 

■a* nf IK* ri^M «f *» alt] M tap « ; ■?♦«,!, dpon .qnU.Ld^ |Wrt« ctarl b, ^rrr -«*!*#* 

Mtrh ( .- Lh.IT,, ^... ,, | aalMa :»::.+•/ :. .. ,1 hnll| ^I'l.ripr hjti 

ThcH^.ihti^i rrvIM *p*s ruitnjn. bran ig>i«pi In *ll lAa^ckpab pediiMi, . . . Wa Bpat 

HirprlM>l .Llh* H^qnvy t l *«|| .. rhn blnudj. F uyL U 4f M f fl„ || TufgJ^I Jf(-*U,J', 
LawltBWI.'-JTnrii' L^iny^piH;,^^ [U. 



teffartal JWyrapJi*. 301 



EDITOEIAL PAEAGHAPHS. 



rii.iR FfTTK Vor.CMl c(o»W with this BUWlrtt, and wb think cur rc*d.«h] 
will ngret that wo Hiitrfr rc^MniKt bur pram Lie Ll Id rrhftinLt/iri tut hagb 
eh«T**t«T of OUT p«.TaUf*tionJ,' -1 

W w ir* o4Ti*I*Ti I l)f In tfGfr4r.pt Of M*lie*ritft* frtUti ^Wrynuirtm- Hilt vur 
J'jprrj ire ddL only JpfrpL/ i n I c filling h buliidiipmiklt to m full knowl^:!^ 
*if th*t tiulh of Can fade rj/fl LLtlory. 

Our friends will ho gtftd to Iwirn thai war subscription list is it«di3y 
incTi:ming,Bnd that rfo hop* to r*[rf>rl «1 tlifc nfcJlt hnftDnl inMliiig of the 
5ocLoly vrry mu^b Iho. brat ti nRTicEhl f-iJiilnl whiohi wo 1lit& ever raide. 

It b- our fujTfiom to axfrt ev^rY ^IForl lo iner*M* (lie interest- *nd t*1hq 
af our pLiblimHionn, rind ^fr feel iwsurtd. [1ml wo flan do ** tf OUr fri-cniln 
will conLinua Co. j-t.fi n J by ax jinJ help iu. 

HVf fiirii-ftiriiilfLtfi vfiT:t>iL* im]irrj , , r -r'mi- , nt* in our monthly Kit norm ju our 

ButruriptLofL Hit will justify tlso **trtt +xfrtiii*i vt\4 w& beg our Mends 
f-Y*rywh*ro lo r-jccTl thermal vt-i to extend our circulation. If t'neh sub- 
scriber would forward U* * titvr OHO hy lb* Ht nf Jnly, wo would At ohojj 
hi«M0*e the ttu rnW of pi£** In eaeli l»us ind nuk& clh«T-emtsm.pt*4*d 
iin]>TD , if*;inc-n[M. 

Shall wo not h*TC a tiuttjIiot of e nrnut workers in this- di ration T 



PiiotDiiiJirflt on EieflHiTjircj or Ltmdcmj (3a ? ran it it h *ie n vary dnir- 

nl>]*i port *f A*ir mftWtlftL W* wi^h to hand down Is r*wt*rliy tins f*&- 
turcs of to* GUI who m,vte ojii-,gjorious history! rind w* «lionld b* under 
sppfifl-l nrdijjitions lo friends who can rn.^ke addition* Ixt otir cuLli'ctijn. 

Mr. .V. Miks/t *f iHSjinjftoin, Yn.., hni Bent m a lupcrb coElEclinn r>F hi* 
phnlagraphs, eiftlnhWiing the following ; Prenidr>Til JnnVrjon D.±Tis r GfltV- 
cml H. R. Ler, LitutMMnt<Jene«l <( Shniew"ll " .T^fcnon, LkuViimint- 
OtP(?mL J. A. Enrlj^ MsyffipGtntml John Q. Bf««ltlnridg«, H^j&rOt'ntrtL 
Fit*, L**, Wxjt?fJj*<nr TiA G. W. C L^*», J[iJDT-(lL'iiL'r;i] W. If. b'. Ler t ki ..J 
BiltpKdier.Gtne'ml W, N. P«ndJ*ton. 

Fur Mturmcjof Jikunw* imi b*nUtv of frXH4ttit»lt th*JS* -photOBrapJii 
plth) itniturpiLUiid, nrail Kf would Lo v*rjr gtid lo ore Ebcni In [Ilu hoinrji of 
our |>*npL* tn plififi of thft mimrihCc. dautnio frcgurntly Touad. 

Anil Vttf. of COUTM, ppol ivorto tJio !m5 kindlj Lowardi JEilej, iht rt.r:i •:, 
b#c«usm wft rorueraber th*t h« w»* a flnllint coldicr in tlir fanin'jj old 
Aockbrlttse ArtEIUrjf, 



$02 Soutktm Histvrieal S&rifty feptri< 

"MMMAa* Dit " bu ha htm #»f*i™ ibh, j*v*t lb* StmEfa, Mi 

«* If Bit lb*l tka lim» u f*r dhttftE *H*n rar nqq ibbA T"f (9 dftit 
with flriw^n ibt fHw j*f ib* |>«[riDt Inhi H -to ifiwj far t^" erta 

tp^-h nur chUiiren i* chersih Eb*ir ataman** nn>i *muiUt« ibrir tirtnm. 
ihiT ik.-ii.t. >Mpp4>J mark :.>.i*> H«J Ibj HI .1. ,, r .|,.- 1 , :.,.il fa 
throng ItW |itp«mh| Ihraiffb th« *¥*niim*f bmiktfdl ,L Hflllfwrad " to 
deck »lm *?■¥*■ mi) Donor lit* Enctnnrin of l he, bra to* w ho Mr*p t«tt*[b 
ilieod. 

At im geunj (in [ho p,il*nl « EiivtHUiok (if Ilia «hnul, M nml nnlJid (tat ill 
(fTtim fvnrj- ^Kaeit- i>r ili« Gtmttitttaf und n| wry rtflfe) «m raraem- 
bmd, arid tl|A| ml it*-]. «,tDC iLmpLB flcw^r d*wr»LH| the gta*t> of «*cb, 
Wb frlE tlikl H ntljjbE, bn gratifying M> IoVchI mm far awey ta aaiara tbjm 
that kn-liinoiid «til1 chji.Mp.ht* la bar brut t»f ll«*Hi the "tajp, who wore 
lb* pay*' and ft+rij jar*, ibcir Ijth Lq b*r IvJartc*. 

ti wm 4 •wrrrd prirUepi lo »iutd ».E&wip; lbs |Mt« rf lbn« "taokDOwn 
b«NMi " «f ih» rank *ad fit*, «r la linftr vouftd I he mllng-},l*ct of 
W J*V Jkwl, wbw* Metal*** Html ia ab#«ib*d terror { Jt. P. Hilt v *b4 
(l*Jlj IikJ dawn faj* no«4« life aE lb* «^l .f duir : ib# gtUtat FfcarEi, 

»hoA|ji|.n>| n.tp^ brroaaekvi uwij] hbt bayi an '^U^baTa" bill; Willi* 
tefmm, "lli* bnj utiltf rift," whdH iwoh| Hum in th» H«rt* of the 
"Iflle army, and nnoe* tut isonii w«e* : '-I hat* donn my duly., ml now 
I turn IB my tori*"; Jcbn R r Ftgnm, whou brer* )ihlii| lifn iraa ■** 
fili.-.-L fl t Hi* |im( vTctuty h* nlwaj'i cave(M|; [Jprmril ft I. JrthnsOB, *bo 
WbyvrlL rn u jJ*Ib ft I lb ihft ^T*." IIlB*k*L In IlhiliI ] flcin-iiil Itrnij A. 
Wh», "H10 rurlHa iribmioof the p»pl^" wljn el4llrlrd no Mpnqpticm 
from h*r<ti]dip nn 'I d»n(#-p qwj »*«ijnl Df hit •£« car I*iiijj wrvlfW; Crt]on*l 
I>. H. Jl^rrin, IU.»uf P j| m nI , i j3)TP*t f.Djjii,/.(.f t»ffl™r, "whnw Hwrit ifu onlp 
4- 4 unll>-l hjf h:i mwlrily"; Comiwodoir* Miuri'. wi)inp bmn d*nX4erj i& 
tke right w bde ■eUpted ^ h» T«rU.Fi.U f.mr u > irimti^ ««d uuf 
*lb*r nn of vurit 'bMa. we mij not »»« M tn ntn-mien. 

Tb« M]o*i*»|r bnHlLfnl blWf |>#ta ri I'r^t iH^nt Pith wh ml t-1 lb* 
r«*m UjTLnjr nf | h* Mfn#ffHftMK rf !he Carj.Ea4*rM* tviuwoi *t Hu«n, 
Om. p Ud w BfiipfQfmAtctr [im nifi |p the HlintiU of thr propl* of 
Ebc flcuLh fenenliy ibat w* print it in roll . 

Mi5iijjijti Cirr, Hi«L r .(**h'f II, Itf^a. 

OlSTftlm^ , I «lrtO*f*IJ rt^rifE raj rfinUttt^ <«» ke Pr^ttE. Pit Ihr iBjiTig 

<if Lin. tvniornciii* of ■<* ftlitncim^nt ta h*. n | ,„ Mn-otl, On", in 

kiL-innr tif ii U r i| M J <^>iiif^a>r*|4 ^lditj^, n 

TIih t-Tu-iil ].„««»,., <,^,j ntErMJliotl En blFi LE Ei |ni|ik^| h r Ebni Ijulic^ 1 
Hclnnrdnl A«ww L iRL|<in j Lba auHium^Dt \* L(j bo IncuLril in tt\H kej^Umt 
Him* of Elm Go|ifrrler»Ce itreli, und E* onrBiaf-rrieMI'' ihp puipifl^MoP tbe*ft 

\Fb»l lli<iU)eli *? *^re CTW bnnu br nunhpA mil m*tw™m r ln- hot ]«u 
t , rfl*'n , n1, Inilli i« not l<s U, Enruvrod bj himkuiib in Tn a.| i>Eai ni ik|f IE i^in^t 
fflM*; net la (!hc pl«r L«a of hint «ho gplioliU It In th« Fiac «f nn[-quii 



JkrmgmpAf. 303 

add*, tat ta i| aa4 nthm nun* 14 hi* CT*-1H Iha* ha eeaolrd til #Tk a* 
dupl In !**■ baianc* when wr;j(M with hmar itnl duly J Chi many a 
«lrirkr-ni A»14 4ur ^nWifr* p:*ed fr»" »nd r iinn bin fp*rilrM *»U, f*tf Eb*y 
■mtw lb" jmiifJiily fif u rn^ii<*lLonl n-g coiiEjilrhtf* 14 thfl r**ili1 lid* if thrir 
cnuiF, ntii kui-w tiow todLe bui nul K" FurprrnlfT. Ij<I tide my of Ihrii 
•upfSTitni Impugn thr ir faith ty OtTerlnf tlin [«uLtrhll*L I'ln* Ibal "!Ji*gT 
folirviMi tltry KrM Hgki." 

1 1 li ii:i--i ilviL cliH niAitumrn! tlknnL<t ri".v*ntfinmil*"l with tlm IruLin 
of I llr 3h mi. wlioao bhtF<rl<-iiinl im* t^lihplnn^n* Ehrfliiili nLL the Lrilib hnl 
kitfFnrlup at Fnr b primes j?(il]« miitim.il inn* In lh" HOiThlHh Hid *l (he 
wnyalda rpfratttrk* »» larjp-tj con rrilm U'"!' lo itmHp** in* lick And lha 
wounds l H htiiI wh.Hi* unfiLltrfinj! d****loh 14 lb*" i-tiinlrya nun* in [be 
■lurkn.i h»mr* nr our <i*niLr.eJ» illinirntsd lha fldriLiy ef the #X wbiefc 
w*i lul aE I he «roH md Smc 41 iVfl mtanUrhtr. 

I 4m iirnr^umlty eJ(.**ikfu.L ta thtm for litrlttng iq*- ta wfrewnt Ehern 
w ib»tr ntalaf *hi ih-d ipiiroacbhii oan-pfan. M*J «l b«*n pnrlLCjble I* 
*■*-»£*, thru rfqUMt -<Xjkl h4Tfl &*■ (»IH*i BMHMhlj *fcrjf*d "lib 44 
«th#r r^iLbflanw Ihwi El*e <««WtP4tB#H of iaiblllly 14 44 J4*ii** to lb* 



Jt I* th* njtriii nf nrCaoMfllW dp*l P Ib*y B *nd neither «**- 

..■ barvl Cq anna4 EJ**ar drtd* ■* Ik* a#e*pnl Hirrtltnn t>! xh*i* 
oeualryiata. Many Ml fa f>40t hira* iml hi ndn-d, tnd *l**p in on- 
muM friT— , l««l *ll pr* pltn-red in ibe lo¥# *f <-*»■* fur mbmn they 

dind, nul llipir irn-rmuirt i» hilloicd m Ihv t»4rU of all Inii CouTVd*- 

ttttm 

■p* EliH> |»1nu» pTforli of -Our IMO]*!!* 11111*7 immblo (VtriFl^ri^* — "UCft if. 
in ClinSr LM*t™i'tHFhmem 1 wflTf jhOMtblnj— hilfu tn-dH iifiMured, and Eke 
(JoftFrildhilfl ileai' hftv« been cottooUd ih (Itrln ffom P«l£kb[>ring butke- 
ft»li j*. '1'll^pfl imnwilly, wLtli T^V^tl'illUI ifFi'flL*i"i, ihn ^tiiVot nlik-d of lit* 
known ind jnkitswn *r& (t*tlted wlLlh ™rrmL tli*Fri-ni, «-Kpr**»lvin of (JFItl- 
lutlc mil i-w nU# for*¥f r, HlJ tynlcn! of the bnj?n- sf n r**uPm:iiDFj AD d 
fun Lul "^Uf-w tka wiek*d ceua Trnm **4UbtKt( mil tlm W WJTjf *H> at 

Ta ba famambrredH betiWr^, VI«ta1 by tli#ir- fea4ffa ll lit rfw*ni 
bnlowtvl on oar C-MirVaVrnt* d«d[. Il ii Eb« Mt$t**\ *lu>^t 1 food Hid 
p4f«|y f^irvrtw man taald dntrr. Kb4s14 il V «*k<*-l. Why, Uico, baild 
tin* r^.tioiwntT th* inmrr u, TliF* 4Vh h>t n##d rt. but jKH^riSy mpj. 
1 1 u nol Lhf ir r€^anJ h bw(. 4aC d^erf, I f Iba fli»»im (ift a hr» tit** >*i* 
r»*» t* V» birr hwrn 4 h»fi)- ia owttr ikil thif fifl Ptt"ji bp 4E*Il1tJ i*% cam- 
laiawnjiiMu. j.u ip]rf*^-Ji[!lL>D by eotrmpefarita Mag Id •>• ti-^d^rt-i ai 
fiKbl aad «Ddjriejfi u pwjb>. U-1 Sti* K|ipfiuni*-tH, ri*ing fr^m **r",b 
Iciirard b^i»*irH Lift Lhr mind* of tkftt* wkn s*»n*p ifl*r u» 14 * higher 
»Eflhii*r4 lii-»h ill* WWBWOG l*ii or *aoiH«P. I#pI il E**rh tl|*l m»n u 

I -l l. I 1 ■ I . ■ 1 .1 . ll-'l i-r ■ Sj •:'!-,.-;,■ . ;\. .1 m :.r ■. mi. ill-., i. pi nnir OKI cii.' 

omnirnjnity lo nhick he ltrl<mam, by M\\th li" it (FHtlr^Lsd, uid lo irhicfa 
hit 11 |]fji hi wen- h* dilF r hit. (SfiT oi)|i|{*c*ipii h li 'Irf^n.L Ehil iMfrtcrtufflLl)' i 
and (Imi 1 ■ d 1 - k r< f ahloKi ennd iii<iti* Lt li IwH^p In linvn- ^r.iufl'il n*id l4»t |h«ii 
HfVf r to Ilits- fuu^ttL at all." IjM |>«i[rriiy ItHQ by tl||> mnriumaiil thnl 

yoUcx r**..-' rin-it *Vb (lii^l W n, il^HFlve wnri Ek»l tlmy did nol, 

IP tin ■ lien "d j iipii'il,, ^LiTinjiL (o ihtn arbllrnninnl uf iitiiI* lIiv ^LtF^tion* 
HE Uai|f — i|i]Hlifin* which invoJwd lb« Lnnl4pHHbl" rijfhl* LiilinfiLccL ffom 
Ihflr PTiciHUin- itit'J h»|i| in TWi fw (k*lr po*l*rilif j but Ekpt they UroTm 
tii mp.111 i*i*i 1 ha Stmj* tov«.p*ij;iiLy which ihHr FalhPTP Ittl iJifiy*, aitd 
*hkh il «d Lh*ir duty, if pwHljiV. in trsritmiE in ih«tr ehLLilivn. 

Awiy h |ti*pi. *«ih »Lifh Rri-ble r-iEU4#« fir Ih*. ilmii| l inin> j Ti( of pri^ci- 
pln ■&l#k (pult be eruiked f« p.whi]i feml Tihirli, f i W iiaiing tha *i*n*l 
viUlily af trali, HUMI in. it* owa food Lib* prevaiL or-rt prnabibke error. 



SG4 BWArJrfl Bhterittl Sonify Phptrs. 

Lot this mnnLiTnenl Lrnirh EhiL bemijm dfriTH it* luain* from Ells' juji 
|10* of (he oiuhi Ln which JL i* iti-ighlnvnl,. n-ntl leE- it ftmrSl CliG tli4Fer4llt# 

between & irfiT wngrtl far lh* baLbutfliVis pu^pcto of «jnqii**l wd on* (o 

repel Iny-rtnlfn'i — to (fafejld * p**>plf/R heirr.li* »nil rdtur*, and Ea niuin Enin 
Chdr T*wa Kp.rl libr-rEim. fluclt nu Elm irtw in vrhlcb our hrrtrfa tvli t and 
their* is the crown which mpnrklro w LeIi Lhc jcMr vf in (t Lei la it! Hu<) rijjlit- 
BHJinrH, ttleIl a glory i>ti<fi ici iiit< J 1^ atiy m«1ini *f ££yfflii.diwm3n.t or 
lotfinU* Inflict ruin on ("Slop. W( prv*enE them to pwE^HHy m rum. 
pin to he followed, and wait m-cuto-Iv for EIlc verdict dI" rrtnn k ind when 
tr^M Lrdjji- 1 ibnLL have diipclleil m iarfuTeafcntatiQn and dfrluitan.. It it 
rnireruonn.'ble (a hope eIi*c turn dm rffleciiott msd a d<3«r tEudy of thrj 
pdLiElti] htfl*T**f tttu Unfolt ns^y y& er*Eom th* ri^lttn nroiLniEed by 
the jia^ifiTut rfoTflJnpcd in cur fang rind blood* win? Jf h hain-TiTi il 
■bauld Ihi oEliciwide, Elrnn from our beraen 1 graVe* ihrdl OOEUC in Eudurn- 
fuL tDD« EllL 1 - 

^latnrAi 

In J If MM ehll U«i mu»i uti*JT, 
Twill f**i rnt**r. UHnl^ »i]hmiL r 
Youm fulhhi]]?,, Jl»lEt»X DiTTJ. 



Rack. Voicaii enn be rurnijJu-d r** h but lilt supply Is by IW UC17H 
iorMlifliJitsibJp-, *ri<t we would ndiine Ehoftfl df-jJrLng Ea cccurg Ehcm lo- do 
fid >E din. 



BIMIK SOTICE. 



FtHJTL'aiT St. Ol*i», The S, (J. Khkl Uiiv, by Mm. &illle> F. Chapirh of 
Oi*rl«loT>, Philadelphia : ClMton, Reru^i* £ Ififfl^RnjftP. 

We »n> Indebted Eo EIlp- noenra pi isbrd aUtrSot*** for A Copy of till* book, 
which w* hart PPftd with deep tnter«t. 

Hit n -nfrl l-l iLd plot find *n ±imirihLT'10'1d alory afniDblfi South Cico- 
LiTit frtraily vrhnao heaJ w*i lcillfd in hVlK *uJ »l*oi* m9™ih«r* h>d Eg 
t-Lriariylv wilh Ehf bnrdihipi af "refugee! n;r, F ' (ht hrulnllEf of filj*i , <rtrm l S 
rump wher It tiptQIfed fj^umbih, and iho [w>vf rly and bilEcr iriuLi ialo 
which *o m±w\y dF E]lc beat Jrtopti <vf Soiith C*notinft "cPO plun^d by th« 
|H*k of thi^-ffi whr> plundered lb& -S(nEr «l the dbrt *f eJlc 'ivut-l 

Iiibowa how hhjlt «ll*r*C^T And ehriilLin princLptn c±a itjii-E [empli. 
lion and win iE- uut Ehc r*T*upl of viftdfp, *n(t lioJds up ft model for ihu 
younf nsfn of Lhe. S*uEli n-bicli wc could wish LheHi til K> rfrid tE)(i irti;- 
EaU-.